Dr. Sir. Your’s of Sept. 11th came to me last evening. I am very very glad to hear from you, and also of the success of our cause. I returned last evening from our new City after an absence of three days. (We have no name for our city yet, though a majority are for calling it Lawrence.) I found all our people in good health & spirits. Not a sick man or person upon the ground. All are delighted with the location. Dr. Robinson sent for me to be present during the public meetings, while they adopted a Constitution and made a code of bylaws. Which were accordingly made and adopted with very good harmony. They called themselves the Lawrence Association. Elected their Officers with Doct. Robinson, President. And then proceeded to bid for a choice of Claims. The bidding was more spirited than I expected or wished. Some of the choices for claims went over $300 each. Something more than $4,000 will be raised upon these choices for claims
As they have put all into the hands of Doct R. & myself, I have trembled lest some difficulty should arise therefrom. But I now have less fears and stronger hopes, that we shall be able to stear clear or any fatal explosion. Our people are stacking Hay and making preparations for winter as fast as they can. Some will succeed and do well, others will fail. The grass upon our prairie is still green and will yield from two to three Tons of Hay per Acre. And of good quality. There are in our party about twenty yoke of oxen – some cows – and horses also. Our Mill is being built upon a little revine about six rods from the Bank of the Kansas, a good site. Opposite the Mill, upon the Land of the Delawares is the Largest Tract of Wood Land I have seen in the Territory. -- At the suggestion of Dr. Doy I have made a bargain with the Indian Chief – approved by the Indian Agent, to take Saw logs of them, cut & delivered upon the bank of the River, opposite the Mill – for 37 ½ cents each. Logs to be large and from 12 to 16 feet long. And they agree to deliver to us upon those terms, all we can saw. (I have told our settlers that for their own immediate use, I would let them have lumber for $10 per m. – at the Mill.)
And all who would cut and deliver their own Logs at the mill should have them sawed for $5 per m. This tract of Wood embraces the largest and best Walnuts (Black), Oak – Ash, Basswood, White wood – Cotton wood, &c. &c. that I ever saw. Some & many of the black walnuts are 2 feet in diameter 60 feet from the ground!
I could sell all the lumber we could saw at the mill to other settlers for from $22 to $40 pr. m. But such is our relation to our own men that we have agreed that they should have sufficient for their present wants, at the before named prices. And I think that will pay a good profit to your company. As to Tents, I could sell them all to this party, (for they want them and more to,) but what shall be done for the next Company! I very much fear that we shall not be able to furnish half accommodations for them that they will need. Mr. Brown of Pa. Has just written to me that they shall start with 200 on the 24th of Sept. So I have just written Mr. Slater of St. Louis to tell them all to supply themselves with Tents and Blankets at St. Louis before they come up the river.
There is a rush here now from all quarters, and this Hotel is filled every night – The Hotel and Stable will be the best property in Kansas to make money on – for a long time to come.
The roads are lined with teams from the border states, and in about every fifth or eighth wagon you will see a sprinkling of Negro slaves. Don’t make yourselves believe that the slave holders have given up Kansas! A terrible struggle is before us at this very first Election. They are determined to have a law recognizing slavery at the very first meeting of the Legislature. If [they] do not get it at the first Legislature they never will!! No fever & ague yet seen in this Settlement, there is some in Kansas City, also some cases of Cholera – One man Mr John Smith who fell in with our party and designed to locate with us – (He was from Philadelphia) He did not like to be left at this Hotel. So I took him to Dr. Barkers at the Baptist Mission, and hired Mr. Grout of our party to take care of him. Mr. Smith died last Sabbath A.M. though he had every attention. Mr. Grout made a good coffin and assisted in burying him, And we made his resting place as intelligible to passersby as our
circumstances would allow. I have written to his friends, Took possession of his effects and money and hold them subject to the order of his relatives.
You speak of my writing something for the papers. There is upon me a perfect rush of business day & night. And for the present I must write so hastily & carlessly that it is not suitable to expose it Beside Mr. Branscomb is with you now, who can Speak thats better.
It will give me great pleasure to hear from you
Cordialy & Truly
S. C. Pomeroy