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Returned to Easton November 24 Expenses of trip one Hundred & forty Dolls resolved to go back to Kansas in the spring and make some cash investments

1855 Feb 23 Started from Eason with Son Frank, having had a cold with some coughing for several weeks. Call d on relations as usual on the southwest.

28 th At Rochester purchased of Mr. Richard Schroeder the right to use and vend his patent perpetual Sime Kiln for Kansas and Nebraska [XXX] Left Hamilton in company with Mr Jas. Shoemaker having met him in the cars at Rochester

March 1 st proceeded to Detroit river which we crossed upon the ice. Stayed from the 3 rd March to 7 th at St Louis waiting for a chest which had been sent by express from Easton which did not come – nor did I get it till the middle of May.

Took passage on the Seventh on board the J. H. Lucas for Kansas City Mo where we arrived on the 14 th

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Went to Westport and the Shawnee Mission to see Gov. Reeder and returned to Kansas. Made up a party of five besides Frank and hired a team at five Dollars pr day to take us to different places in the Territory. The party at first consisted of Mr. Shoemaker of Easton, Gene Baylies, Mr Lowe of New York state, Mr. McClure of Chester County Pa. Myself and Frank.

On the 19 th March Started out into the Ter. Day cold and snowy. When we got into the open Prairie the cold seemed to increase, & steady strong wind with the snow made it exceedingly uncomfortable Frank once cried thinking his feet were frozen, but worst of all was the prospect of being obliged to camp out at night for we had taken the wrong road and were in a measure lost. We were afterwards informed that this was the coldest day of the season in the territory. Through the assistance of an Indian and with some difficulty we found a log house to lodge

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in soon after sundown, and started again in the morning for a place calld Osawatomie on the Osage. Here we found better timber land I think than at any other place in the Territory

Returned to Battees – an Indian - where I had left Frank the second night out. we took him in and Mr McClure left us, he having purchased a poney and rode in the direction of Pawnee where he Intended to put up a Saw Mill. The fourth night out we staid at a place on the Santa Fee road at the head of Bull Creek and the fifth at Lawrence Here I left Frank with G. W. Brown Editor of the Herald of Freedom to set types for him (he having been for two months or more in the Office of “The Farmer” before he left Easton)

24 th Staid with Mr. Case at Topeka. Here Mr Stratton was brought in wounded in the foot, he had accidentally shot himself. Saw also Mr. Holiday with whom I had become acquainted last fall on board the F. H. Aubry coming up the Missouri.

25 th Traveled westward on the north side of the Kaw and staid at night with

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a Mr Baker. Blew up cold again.

26 th Arrived at Fort Riley and having a letter of Introduction to Dr. Hammond Staid with him that night and the succeeding. Purchased of him a share of Pawnee stock for which I paid him Two hundred and fifty Dollars, and he with the other directors gave me Eight lots in which are a good limestone ledge for a lime kiln.

28 Returning from Pawnee staid at night at Rock Creek with a Mr Wilson

29 Walked with Mr Doolittle, who had joined our party at Lawrence from Capt Alleys to Mr. Voeux alias Louis Jumbo and Staid with him at night.

30. Recrossed the Kaw. Election day passed Tecumseh and Arrived at Lawrence again. Settled with Mr Lowe for my share of the team and

31 Mr Doolittle Mr John Baylies Mr Lowe and two others started for Kansas City. I remain at Lawrence where I purchased of Mr Cyrus K. Holliday a city Interest or Share in Lawrence for four hundred and twenty five Dollars.

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While in Kansas City and before starting out into the Territory I purchased on the 16 th of March of Mr Robert Klotz one Share in the town of Reeder and one Share in the town of Montgomery for thirty Dollars each paying half down – conditioned that if within eighteen months they are not worth the money the thirty Dollars should be refunded to me, but without Interest.

April 5 th Lent Mr Andrews two Dollars to take him to Lawrence.

12 th Went with Mr. Sayre and family to his claim on the Shunganung.

13 Walked to Topeka about 3 ½ miles

19 Bought of Matthew Hooper his claim near Topeka for which I paid him one Hundred Dollars and commenced building thereon a house. Purchased Tin Pail Cup &c. Paid for hauling wood, Timbers, Shakes &c. Hired a Carpenter and his man, Purchased Clapboards of Mr. Taggart, Timbers of Wilmarth and Hooper, Nails Sock &c of Jones. The Carpenter Mr. Zimmerman Cost of the building $65.33

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Sometime in May the Topeka Association voted me a city interest, conditioned that I pay therefor forty five Dollars and erect a lime kiln within about three months. The Money I paid and also two Dollars for Making a road and building a bridge across the Shunganung, and the lime kiln I intend to put up.

My cough continued very troublesome and near the middle of May was exceedingly severe particularly at night when I expectorated a large quantity. I treated it with a wet bandage about my body for a few days when it left me entirely and I was immediately attacked with a bloody flux, which continued severe with copious discharges of mucous matter for some three or four days when I came out as it were a new man. It seemed that my exercise in the pure air of the territory had renovated my system and I trust that I shall now for a season enjoy good health. On the night of the 15 th May was the

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first good rain, nights of 16 th and 17 th also rain

25 Soaking rain which caused all the streams to flow.

27 Left Topeka on my Indian Poney and after riding a number of miles stoped to bait. Old Mr Turner coming along with his team put the saddle in his waggon hitch, the poney beside his horses and rode in his waggon. Camped out at night and also on the 28 th

29 Kansas City, sent clothing & Sugar to Mr. Jones

30 Independence, saw Mr Norris and Mr Hendrickson

June 1 Wayne City, and back to Ind. Sold Poney –

2 Steam boat New Lucy fare 12.00

12 Easton. Commenced settling up accounts Sold lot opposite the burnt Methodist Church with half burnt houses to Mr Mebus for Eight hundred Dollars, Got insurance money four hundred and fifty Dolls Paid or rather loaned John Pollock one thousand Dollars with which

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he obligated himself to pay a note in Bank which I gave in Feb. last, renewed in May, and becoming due again in August. Left Pollocks note with W m Maxwell. Sold Gas Stock to J. M. Porter Jr. at 72 Dolls. Sold house on Bushkill St. to J. S. Mingle for Twenty Eight hundred Dolls for which I rec d one thousand Dollars in Cash and took mortgage for fifteen Hundred Dolls and note for three Hundred.

30 Sold furniture in Office to Dr Field for four hundred and Eighteen Dollars and gave up my lease.

My Share in Pawnee turn d out to be valueless, as also in Reeder & Montgomery, as also $30.00 for Council City proper The Share in Lawrence I sold in 1857 all except one lot for 1500.

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In regard to paternal pedigree my recollections or rather information only goes back to my great grandfather whose name was Hezekiah and who I remember hearing my mother say was living when my Brother Orville was born, which event took place in 1804. He must have been a very old man when he died, as my Grandfather was an old man as long ago as I can recollect.

The last time I saw my GrandFather was in 1835. His memory had then so failed him that he asked me five times within fifteen or twenty minutes whose son I was and he was each time answered that I was his son Davids. His eyesight had failed a long time previously so that he could not read or see at a distance without spectacles, but at this time he could see plainly without spectacles as far as I could.

Like a child he would steal about his own house cakes &other things which he took a fancy to. My old

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Grandmother said that he was mischievous. (laughingly)

When I was a boy I frequently staid at Grandpas over night and remember that the old Gentleman would always rise early and call in a loud voice the more tardy members of his family and assemble them to hear a chapter in the bible read and attend family prayers. The prayers however were said in such a mumbling manner that I could not understand what was said but took it for granted that all was right.

Prayers were always said standing having hold of the back of a chair tipped toward him. My father also followed the same practice, using I believe invariably the same form of Prayer. A Brother of my Grandfathers lived near him in what they call d “taterlane,” who was a rather gruff old fellow and nicknamed all of his children. He had two Daughters Prudence and Achsak or Pru. And Ax. An anecdote

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or two is all I wish to relate of this family. The old man one day call d upon a neighbor to get some flour and introduced his subject in this wise. I want a hundred weight of Flour; I’ll make you a good [chist]; there shan’t be a knot in it; ‘case I want it to eat.

Early in January 1856 I was elected by the Topeka Association a trustee and also Vice President and the board of trustees the Same evening made me their Chairman and in effect the business man of the Association. After investigation I found that there were no records of lots owned by individuals and I spent many days in hunting the corners of blocks and pacing to certain lots

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and making due records of ownership.

A.D. Searle had made a map or drawing extending from First Avenue to Sixth and from Jefferson Street to Topeka Avenue, making blocks 450 feet long and 320 wide and 12 lots in Each Block.

I was convinced that there was a better way and procured instruments and made another map making the lots out twenty five feet wide and numbering them upon the Streets and upon all streets alike which system of numbering has given great satisfaction. I also made a map and marked upon each lot the number of the Share to which it was drawn which map is in the possession of the Special Trustee. I should state that in 1855 I paid $450.00 toward the purchase

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of the Flats or Wyandotte land Warrant which was put upon Section 31 forming the Site of the City of Topeka C. K. Holliday and John Richie paying the balance which I believe amounted to $750.00 all together to twelve hundred Dollars and for doing which we were allowed our choice of quarter sections of land in the neighborhood to pre-empt from the government. I pre-empted my gr Section 160 acres and purchased of T. G. Thornton 46 acres immediately north of it making 206 acres. All at present in the City of Topeka.

Holliday was found after the Govt. Survey to be on the same gr Section with Louis Cleveland & Philip Briggs and I gave him of my abundance all South of 4 th St & East of Madison. I also gave to the Association all of my gr Section that lay west

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of Monroe Street fully ten acres after deducting a trifle that I got from the Assn. that lay East of Monroe Street.

Most of the year 1856 was spent by the President of the Association in the States its business was therefore entirely on my hands

Went Dec 17 with Mr Keynard, Smith, Fox & Farnsworth to lay out the town of Holton returned 20 th

Rec d bill from Mr Howard demanding $80.00 for running his ferry Boat at Topeka.

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[Note: page is either blank or not legible.]

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Sept 1, 1856 The Affairs of Kansas are in a miserable condition, Yesterday Mr. Updegraff, Mr Tyler Mr Moffatt and some others of Tecumseh with their families left that place being afraid to stay there longer, and are now encamped near my Quincy St house in Topeka The women & children are going to Iowa to remain till the troubles are settled. The men will return and help fight the battles of freedom.

Many of our men are now in Lawrence where it is rumored there was a battle yesterday, many on both sides being killed. Yesterday also or the night before My mare an excellent pacer and perhaps the best saddle horse in the Territory was press d into the free state service.

I have thus lost a colts revolver a rifle and accoutrement, and numerous other articles. If they assist to conquer a peace and make Kansas free my property will not

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have been taken in vain.

Sept 2 Sold lot 87. 6 th Avenue East to Ingersolt Wheeler conditioned to put up a house or Office thereon immediately 12 x 18

Topekans came home from Lawrence and Quarter at my house on Quincy St.

Sept 4 commencd digging and throwing up a fort on the Church grounds. Some men went to Tecumseh & returned with goods in five waggons, No news from Lawrence. Letter from Matthew Bolles.

6 th Expedition to McGees at 11 O News of Lane at Lecompton.

7 th Topekans ordered to Nebraska line to liberate emigrants said to be taken by Missourians enrout for Topeka. Some thirty horsemen and several waggons of footmen. Wrote Dr. Field & I. L. Howell

9 They set d after having been to [Osawkie] Rumors of Missourians collecting at Westport in great numbers. They taking fresh confidence as Congress has not [abrogated] the bogus laws.

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10 Digging at the fort and making preparations for Defense. Gov. Gearys Arrival at Fort Leavenworth said to have taken place. He telling the Border Ruffians that he has no use for them; that he comes to the Territory with power to make a peace and that he shall do so.

17 Geary at Topeka with troops to make arrests taking I think Eleven of which number several took french leave after getting to Lecompton.

25 Negotiating with Mr Johnson of Ind. For the sale of Lot 110 Kansas Avenue with foundation walls of a Large building – Mr Long arrived from Leavenworth with flour

Monday 22 Frost. do 23 & 24 now 25, again 26

26 Arrival of Redpath, Tucker and others with their companies by the way of Nebraska. Men numbering 100 to 150. Lou Robinson made a speach in the evening, recommending the recognition of Mr Geary as Gov. until such time as we can go

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on with our own organization also, wishing all rights of property to be respected.

27 Soldiers in town Early in the morning to arrest Redpath and Tucker drew up before the hotels and searched them but found not the men.

28 Deputy Marshal Tibbs & others again in town to make arrests Arrested young Updegraff but though lame he contrived to escape.

29 Theron Tucker returned to me a fine shooting colt revolver no 114050 – for 96499 which he lost some months ago.

Wheres My Drill &c.

“ “ Trowell, Ax, Shovel, two spades, cloak, two Quilts another Ax. Bog hoe, two revolvers, Rifle, House sent.

For continuation [XXXXX] p. 60


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