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County:Atchison   (45 results)

Atchison and St. Joseph Rail Road!
July 28, 1857
This advertisement announces a meeting of stockholders in Atchison on August 8, 1857.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison and St. Joseph Railroad; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroad companies

Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891

Speech, Fellow Citizens--Opposing the Lecompton Constitution
c. 1858
This hand-written speech appeared to be another by John Alexander Martin, seemingly composed for delivery in the spring and/or early summer of 1858, not long after he took over Atchison's Squatter Sovereign and renamed it Freedom's Champion. Here the speaker aimed his attack at the Buchanan administration and the English Bill, and the renewed attempt to pass the Lecompton Constitution at a referendum scheduled for August 2, 1858, and thus overturn the free-state victory that had already been won. The speaker seemed confident it would be defeated, as the constitution itself had been in January but hoped for an overwhelming vote against (perhaps as many as 15,000).

Keywords: Buchanan administration; Constitutions; English Bill; Free labor; Lecompton Constitution; Martin, John A., 1839-1889; Missouri compromise; Popular sovereignty; Slave power; Slavery; Squatter sovereignty

Authors: Martin, John A., 1839-1889

Letter, John A. Martin to Sir
c. 1858
In his capacity as chairman of the Atchison County Republican Central Committee, John Alexander Martin apparently wrote this draft of a letter to a member of the Democratic opposition, responding to an invitation to make a speech in support or participate in a discussion of the proposed Wyandotte Constitution. The campaign for its ratification took place in August and September 1858. Martin expressed a willingness to speak out for the constitution, but he objected to the proposed format ("the programme of discussion you have laid down"). Martin insisted that the Republicans were "proud" of the constitution and "are willing to go before the people with the members of the Democratic party" and discuss its provisions "on any fair terms."

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Black Republicans; Constitutions; Democratic Party (U.S.); Martin, John A., 1839-1889; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Wyandotte Constitution

Authors: Martin, John A., 1839-1889

Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
1859
Stephen Johnston of Atchison filed claim # 213 for supplies furnished to the territorial militia under the command of D. M. Johnston in December 1855. Items provided included food and ammunition. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Ammunition; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Damage claims; Food; Johnston, D. M.; Johnston, Stephen; Strickler, Hiram Jackson

Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson

Promotional Brochure for Lancaster City, Atchison County, Kansas
1857
This promotional brochure advertised Lancaster City, which was located in Atchison County. It includes the price of lots, features around the city, and describes what has already been built in the city.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lancaster City, Kansas Territory; Land sales; Settlement; Weightman, Henry R

Authors: Smith and Wigton

Invitation to a Grand Celebration in Atchison City
June 13, 1860
In this invitation, the citizens of Atchison invited people to attend an event that celebrated both the "extension of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad" to Atchison and the ground breaking of the Atchison and Pike's Peak Railroad. The invitation entitled the bearer to a free pass on various railroads for travel to Atchison.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison and Pike's Peak Railroad; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Community life; Fairchild, George H.; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroad promotion; Railroads; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.

Authors: Atchison Committee on Invitations

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
c. 1860
View of the main street showing stores and early forms of transportation, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; C. Weber & Bro's Clothing House; Cities and towns; Commerce; Covered wagons; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons

Authors: Atchison Committee on Invitations

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
c. 1860
View of the main street showing stores and early transportation, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons

Authors: Atchison Committee on Invitations

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
c. 1860
View of Atchison, Kansas Territory, looking southwest, c. 1860

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Houses; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets

Authors: Atchison Committee on Invitations

Photograph, Methodist Church, Atchison, Kansas Territory
c. 1859
View of the Methodist Church, the first church built in Atchison, Kansas Territory. It was erected in the spring of 1859, on the corner of Fifth and Parallel near the Atchison County Courthouse. Abraham Lincoln addressed the people of Atchison in this church on December 2, 1859.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Cartes de visite; Churches; Methodist Church; Photographs and Illustrations

Authors: Atchison Committee on Invitations

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
c. 1860
View of Kansas Avenue at Fourth Street looking north, Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets

Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, KS.

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
c. 1860
View of Commercial Street, Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets

Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, KS.

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
c. 1860
View of a residential area between 29th and 30th Streets north of Commercial Street. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Houses; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations

Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, KS.

Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
c. 1860
View of businesses and houses in Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business on the corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Houses; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets

Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, KS.

Poll Book, Atchison, Lecompton Constitution
January 4, 1858
On January 4, 1858, by act of the free-state territorial legislature, the voters of K. T. were given a second chance to vote on the Lecompton Constitution. This poll book lists the names of 319 individuals who voted "'against the Constitution framed at Lecompton' there being no votes given 'for the Constitution framed at Lecompton with slavery' and no votes given 'for the Constitution framed at Lecompton without slavery.'" The authenticity of the document was attested to by election judges, including F.G. Adams, and two clerks.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Eastin, Lucian J.; Elections; Free state legislature; Popular sovereignty; Slavery

Authors: Adams, Franklin G.

Speech, Fellow Citizens--In Support of the Wyandotte Constitution
c. July 1859
This eleven-page document was a speech or essay, most likely in John Alexander Martin's handwriting, in support of the proposed Wyandotte Constitution, which was ratified by the voters of the territory on October 4, 1859. Martin, a twenty-year-old Atchison editor, served as secretary for the convention which finished its work at the end of July. Thus, this speech, attacking the Democrats for conspiring to defeat this latest free-state constitution and for "the Lecomptonizing of Kansas," was undoubtedly delivered several times during the months of August and September 1859. It covered the various issues opponents were likely to use to defeat it at the polls and stressed that in light of actions of "a servile judiciary" slavery could not be removed from Kansas until it was admitted as a "sovereign state."

Keywords: Buchanan administration; Constitutions; Democratic Party (U.S.); English Bill; Free state constitutions; Kansas Territory. Supreme Court; Lecompton Constitution; Martin, John A., 1839-1889; Missouri compromise; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Scott, Dred; Slave power; Slavery; Squatter sovereignty; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859

Authors: Martin, John A., 1839-1889

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
November 21, 1858
Much of this interesting letter, dated November 21, 1858, from Sumner, describes the Ingalls law practice and the nature of a "frontier" court proceedings that often attracted "nearly all the population." According to Ingalls, "the chief difficulty arising [in the courts came] from the conflict of the two Codes, adopted by two hostile legislatures, each of which had adherents who call the other 'bogus.'" Ingalls also discussed the business of land sales, as something many successfully combine with the practice of law.

Keywords: Adams, Henry J.; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Coal; Courts; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Land sales; Lawyers; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Pikes Peak gold rush; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Thanksgiving Day; Weather

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
March 15, 1859
Although Ingalls began this relatively brief letter from Sumner with comments on the local election (he won the race for city attorney), he devoted most of it to the Pike's Peak Gold Rush--"the amount and character of the emigration to Pike's Peak is truly astonishing. . . . [T] military roads are already thronged with anxious hundreds, on foot, dragging hand carts, on mules, and with ox teams."

Keywords: Business; Cities and towns; Economic conditions; Elections; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Pettit, John; Pikes Peak gold rush; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation; Travel

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
December 2, 1858
Ingalls opened this letter with comments on the weather ("the fine days are so beautiful as to compensate for a large amount of ambiguous weather"), problems with shipping freight, and mention of various items of clothing he had received from the family, but he gave considerable attention to the city of Atchison, its newspaper (Freedom's Champion) and its growth. Sumner compared favorably, as to future prospects, in Ingalls's estimation, with the location of future railroads the key to success. He also encouraged his father to make a spring visit so he could assess for himself "the opportunities for business and the prospects of progress" in this "most important party of the continent."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Clothing and dress; Freedom's Champion; Freight and freightage; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Newspapers - Free State; Newspapers - Pro-slavery; Railroads; Squatter Sovereign; Weather

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
June 10, 1859
From Sumner on June 10, 1859, just days after the election for delegates to the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, Ingalls wrote his father about the "well fought" contest in a county (Atchison) that was "an old stronghold of pro-slavery democracy." Ingalls won, of course, even though he at first "regarded the contest as a hopeless one," but still feared that the Democrats could control the convention; if so, "Kansas may be a Slave State after all. . . . It is Estimated that there are five hundred slaves in the territory today by virtue of the Dred Scott decision. A family recently came to this place from Kentucky with five."

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Democratic Party (U.S.); Dred Scott decision; Election, Wyandotte Constitution delegates to convention, June 1859; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Osawatomie convention; Proslavery supporters; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Slaves in Kansas Territory

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, E. S. Whitney to Dear Uncle Hiram [Hill]
August 20, 1856
E. S. Whitney wrote from Sumner, Kansas Territory, to her uncle, Hiram Hill. Whitney apologized for the long delay in communicating with him, and explained that her husband, Thaddeus Whitney, had been very busy lately and was doing his best to complete Hill's home. She also described her experience watching the border ruffians invade Lawrence, and her friends' and neighbors' reactions to the situation. Despite the violence and uncertainty, she was "not sorry yet" that she had come to Kansas, and told Hill that her husband would write him shortly to discuss business matters.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Construction; Funerals; Hill, Hiram; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Skirmishing; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Violence; Whitney, E.S.; Whitney, Thaddeus L.

Authors: Whitney, E.S.

Letter, J. J. I. [John J. Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
October 5, 1858
In this first, rather lengthy letter from Sumner, K.T., Ingalls recorded his "impressions" of St. Louis, Missouri, and detailed the combination rail and steamboat trip across Missouri to Kansas Territory. St. Louis had "a hasty, unfinished appearance," from Ingalls's perspective, and "So much filth and poverty. . . ." He was delighted to leave that city and soon road the "Pacific Railroad" as far as Herman, Missouri, where he boarded the steamer "Duncan S. Carter," which is described in some detail, along with the trip up river. Ingalls arrived at his Kansas destination on Monday, October 4, 1858.

Keywords: Immigrants; Jefferson City, Missouri; Kansas City, Missouri; Missouri River; Pacific railroads; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Transportation

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Mr. Thaddeus Hyatt
November 4, 1860
This letter, written from Atchison by Samuel Pomeroy, was addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. Pomeroy informed Hyatt of the desperate need for aid, and he related the tale of a young woman who came to him seeking help for their starving families. He also spoke of a man from Eureka who rode 160 miles to obtain bread for himself and his neighbors. Pomeroy promised Hyatt that he would continue to send reports and updates.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Famines; Grain; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poverty; Relief

Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891

Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt
November 5, 1860
This letter, written by S. C. Pomeroy from Atchison, Kansas Territory, sought to inform Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, of the destitution in Kansas. Pomeroy was keeping Hyatt apprised of the dire situation, and he spoke of relief committees being formed in Leavenworth and Lawrence. Pomeroy also related the tales of specific individuals, such as John Roberts from Chelsea and Mrs. Johnson, a widow with five children.

Keywords: Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poor; Poverty; Relief

Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891

Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
November 2, 1860
This letter was written to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, by S. C. Pomeroy regarding their relief efforts during the drought of 1860. Pomeroy mentioned in this letter a convention that was called to meet in Lawrence on November 14, 1860. He pasted the advertisement for this convention to the first page of the letter, it had been published in the (Leavenworth?) Daily Times on October 31, 1860.

Keywords: Droughts; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief

Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891

Letter, J. J. I. [John J. Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
October 5, 1858
On his first full day in Sumner, Ingalls penned a second letter to his father to convey his first impressions of "that Promised Land." The reality Ingalls found and described was quite different than what was depicted in "the lithographic fiction" he had been shown back East. Other than the hotel, the "city" was composed of a "few log huts and miserable cabins . . . None of the premises are fenced," wrote Ingalls, "the whole place being open to the incursions of dogs and pigs which exist in large numbers and seem in fact to constitute the greater amount of the population." Virtually everything about the place distressed Ingalls, who was "quite unable to convey to you any definite idea of the disappointment, not unmingled with anger and mortification with which I contemplate the State of affairs here."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Commerce; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Houses; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Livestock; Pikes Peak gold rush; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, J. J. I. [John J. Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
October 24, 1858
After nearly two weeks in the territory, Ingalls was somewhat more optimistic about his prospects, and in this letter to his father, Elias Ingalls, John Ingalls wrote of the gold rush and his legal business, which "opens very well." but he was still weary of "social conditions," as there were no churches in Sumner and "a total disregard of the Sabbath." Atchison, where he had gone in a futile search for an Episcopal Church, was little better in this regard.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Churches; Community life; Courts; Free state settlers; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Lawsuits; Pikes Peak gold rush; Religion; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Weather

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, John James Ingalls to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
December 10, 1858
On the letter head of the "Sumner Company," Ingalls wrote of the activities of the town company, including its "large distribution of lots," the "drafting" of a city charter, and efforts to make Sumner the starting point for "the Salt Lake Mails and Govt. Trains."

Keywords: Freight and freightage; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Town companies; Town development; Town lots; Town site speculation; Weather

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
August 14, 1859
Back in Sumer on August 14, 1859, Ingalls wrote regarding the convention's recently completed work and the prospects for the Wyandotte Constitution, now "before the people." The Democrats were "taking strong ground against it" because of the state boundaries set by the delegates (excluded "Southern Nebraska & Pike's Peak"), there was to be no exclusion of "free negroes" from Kansas, and of the "apportionment," which gave the Republicans, and thus their proposed constitution, a big advantage. "The democracy are furious about it [the apportionment] of course and some temporizing Republicans are inclined to smooth the matter over by explanations and euphimisms. I adopt a different ground . . . ." Ingalls argued that he "was not aware of any extreme favors or kindnesses extended to the people of Kansas in the last four years by the democratic party which warranted any very delicate considerations form the party in power today."

Keywords: Apportionment; Boundaries; Buchanan administration; Democratic Party (U.S.); Election, Wyandotte Constitution ratification, October 1859; Exclusion, African Americans; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Land speculation; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Nebraska Territory; Pikes Peak, Kansas Territory; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, John James Ingalls to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
April 3, 1860
Ingalls devoted much of his April 3, 1860, letter from Sumner to the territory's agricultural prospects, which were still not particularly good: "Corn, pork, and hides" were Kansas's only exports, and they were not very profitable as prices were low. "Considerable attention," wrote Ingalls, "is being paid to the hemp crop" and the wheat seemed to be doing pretty well; various kinds of fruit also "flourishes. . . . I have never seen finer apples than the farmers across the river bring to market. . . . But little is raised in Kansas yet, though much attention is being given to 'orchardizing' this spring." Ingalls was actually considering a move to the Gold County (Colorado) for better business prospects.

Keywords: Agriculture; Business; Colorado gold fields; Crops; Economic conditions; Economic development; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Land speculation; Pikes Peak gold rush; Speculation; Statehood (see also Admission, Kansas); Telegraph

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
August 21, 1860
The biggest share of this 8-page letter is devoted to comments on the weather and the environment, in and around Atchison, where Ingalls now had a law practice (for a time, he continued to live in Sumner). He missed some aspects of "Massachusetts weather," but overall he thought Kansas superior: "I have not had a cold in six months and but one or two since I came here . . . [and] The attacks of melancholy and despondency to which I was once a prey have also almost entirely disappeared." Ingalls also wrote of two arson fires--"a large grocery house" and "the steamer Hesperian," and the expected fate of the suspect then in custody.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Fires; Health; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Judicial system (see Courts); Lynch, Judge; Massachusetts; Steamboats; Vigilance committees; Weather

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
October 7, 1860
In this rather lengthy letter from his home in Sumner, Ingalls commented on many different facets of his personal and professional life to date in Kansas Territory and about his prospects for the future; these included his law practice (now mostly in Atchison), his interest in journalism and politics, and his interest in a variety of speculative opportunities. The future of Kansas looked good to Ingalls, despite continued problems with drought that was forcing many to sell out.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Journalism; Land speculation; Lawyers; Sumner, Kansas Territory

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
October 10, 1860
In this letter, S. C. Pomeroy wrote from Atchison, Kansas to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The letter revolved around the suffering of the settlers and their desperate search for provisions and employment. Pomeroy also mentioned the prospect of obtaining a large amount of buffalo meat, as well as the failed corn crop and the generally destitute condition of the settlers. He truly feared for the lives of the settlers during the upcoming winter.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Bison; Crops; Economic conditions; Elmore, Rush; Famines; Food; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Grain; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Topeka, Kansas; Vegetables

Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891

Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to My dear good friend [Thaddeus] Hyatt
December 3, 1860
This letter was written by S. C. Pomeroy of the Kansas Relief Committee, one of several aid committees that had been formed to ease the suffering of settlers in Kansas. This particular committee specifically sought to send relief funds and provisions into Kansas during the drought of 1860. The letter is addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, keeping him informed about the efforts to distribute food and clothing. Pomeroy appreciated the help he had received from Hyatt, but he was disappointed in Dr. Webb. The last page of the letter has been crossed out and edited.

Keywords: Droughts; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Jennison, Charles Ransford, 1834-1884; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891

Letter, M. M. Campbell to Brethren of the Osawatomie B[ible] S[ociety]
June 26, 1860
This letter, written by M. M. Campbell from Monrovia, Kansas Territory, requested information about the progress of colportage in the Osawatomie area, asking if they had divided the area into districts and appointed colporteurs to distribute religious materials to Kansas settlers. To encourage this, Campbell mentioned the great success of other colporteurs, such as Brother Blood from Manhattan, Kansas. He also encouraged the residents of Osawatomie to remain faithful to their duty as Christians, and to work for the furtherance of the kingdom. Campbell requested more detailed information about the local Bible Society.

Keywords: American Bible Society; Books; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Missionaries; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion; Stanton, Kansas Territory

Authors: Campbell, M. M.

Letter, Isaac Maris to F. G. Adams
July 22, 1895
Isaac Maris was responding to a request for information about slaves in Kansas Territory. He provides the names of several families who had slave and describes the escape of one female slave and her child with indirect references to the underground railroad. This item is from information collected by Miss Zu Adams in 1895. She was researching the topic of slaves in Kansas and contacted a number of early Kansas settlers requesting information about slaves brought to Kansas Territory. While all of the information she collected was based on reminiscences, it still provides useful information that is difficult, if not impossible, to find elsewhere. Miss Adams and her father F. G. Adams were employees of the Kansas State Historical Society and the information received was donated to that institution.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; African Americans; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Maris, Isaac; Slaveholders; Slavery; Slaves; Slaves in Kansas Territory; Underground railroad

Authors: Maris, Isaac

Photograph, Benjamin Stringfellow
1880
Portrait of Benjamin Stringfellow, attorney and Pro-slavery activist. In 1838, he settled in Missouri where Stringfellow served in the house of representatives and was attorney general for four years. After moving to Weston, MO, he became a member and officer of the Platte County Self-Defensive Association, an aggressive Pro-Slavery organization. He wrote a pamphlet entitled "Negro Slavery No Evil, or the North and the South". In 1858 Stringfellow moved to Atchison, Kansas Territory, where he helped build the town and was an attorney for the Kansas City, St. Joseph & Council Bluffs Railroad.

Keywords: Photographs and Illustrations; Platte County Self-Defensive Association; Proslavery activities; Proslavery support; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.

Authors: Maris, Isaac

Lithograph, Sumner, Kansas Territory
c.1855
Lithograph, published by Middleton, Strobridge & Co., Cincinnati, OH, showing Sumner, Kansas Territory, c.1855. At the bottom of the lithograph, there is a small map of northeast Kansas.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Lithographs; Maps; Middleton, Strobridge & Co.; Steamboats; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Town development

Authors: Maris, Isaac

Photograph, Robert McBratney

Robert McBratney was a native of Ohio who moved to Kansas Territory in 1857. He originally settled in Atchison and owned half of the Squatter Sovereign. The other half was owned by Samuel Pomeroy and Thaddeus Hyatt and under their ownership it became a free state newspaper. He was involved in railroad development in Kansas Territory. In 1861, he moved to Junction City where he had been named register of the land office.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; McBratney, Robert; Newspapers; Newspapers - Free State; Photographs and Illustrations; Squatter Sovereign

Authors: Colville, Photographer

Territorial Census, 1855, District 15
January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 15 the place of election was the house of Paschal Pensaneau, on the Fort Leavenworth and Oregon Rd. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Fifteenth District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Salt Creek on the Missouri River; thence up said creek to the Military road, and along the middle of said road to the lower crossing of Stranger Creek; thence up said creek to the line of the late Kickapoo reservation, and thence along the southern and western line thereof to the line of the Fourteenth District; thence by the same, and down Independence Creek to the mouth thereof, and thence down the Missouri River to the place of beginning." There is a "list of qualified voters in the 15th District alleged to have been omitted from the census" following the enumeration pages. Districts 13 and 15 are included in one volume and are scanned as one as it is difficult to determine which entries are in what district.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Brown County, Kansas Territory; Census; Jolly, H. B.; Pensaneau, Paschal

Authors: Jolly, H. B.

Photograph, John James Ingalls
1858
A portrait of John James Ingalls. He came to the Kansas Territory in the late 1850s. Ingalls, a lawyer and politician, represented Atchison County at the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July, 1859. In January, 1860 and 1861, he was an officer of the council when the legislature met at Lecompton. At the Republican Convention at Lawrence, April, 1860, Ingalls was elected to represent the Kansas Territory at the Chicago National Convention. He later served in the Kansas and the United States Senate.

Keywords: Ambrotypes; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Photographs and Illustrations

Authors: Jolly, H. B.

Circular to Kansas Emigrants
cira 1858
This printed circular was written by Harry M. Beidler and promoted the advantages of Atchison, Kansas Territory as a shipping point as well as a city in which to locate. There is a map at the top of the page showing the distance from Atchison to various points in Kansas. The advertisement indicated that Atchison was the closest river town to various communities, particularly thos on the Kansas river. It discussed that Atchison was to have the first railroad connection in Kansas Territory. Beidler described the city and its various businesses. A table set into the document showed who had shipped goods through Atchison, the destination of those goods, the number of wagons used, and the poundage of merchandise shipped.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Beidler, Harry M.; Emigration and immigration; Freight and freightage; Maps; Missouri River; Natural resources; Transportation

Authors: Beidler, Harry M.

Atchison City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
1859
This was the first City Directory published for Atchison. In addition to advertisements, a street directory, and information about various civic institutions in Atchison, it also contained an historical sketch of the city written by Dr. J. H. Stringfellow, one of Atchison's "earliest pioneers." Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials.

Keywords: Advertisements; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Retail businesses; Stringfellow, John H.; Town development; Women

Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy

Constitution of the Sumner Company
April 3, 1857
The constitution of the Sumner Company may have been written by John J. Ingalls. It was adopted April 3, 1857. There are 17 articles and the object of the company was to build upon and improve a town site, situated upon the Missouri River on section 20, township 6 south, range 21 east of the 6th PM. The town site was named in honor of the Hon. Charles Sumner, Senator from Massachusetts.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Constitutions; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Sumner Town Company; Sumner, Kansas Territory

Authors: Ingalls, John James

Speech written by John J. Ingalls
1859
A partial copy of an Ingalls speech on behalf of the Wyandotte Constitution in presumably the fall of 1859, although it is not dated or signed. It appears to be an incomplete draft, but there are some interesting comments on Democratic obstructionism at the convention.

Keywords: Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Wyandotte Constitution

Authors: Ingalls, John James

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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This file was last modified September 12 2013 04:09:26 PM.