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County:Leavenworth   (136 results)

Letter, Sherman [W. T.] & Ewing [Thomas] to Mess. Hart & Gordon
December 22, 1858
Typical of much of the legal correspondence represented in this collection, the Leavenworth firm of Sherman & Ewing wrote to clients in Piqua, Ohio, regarding efforts to collect an overdue debt. In this case it was from a young man named F. N. Hamlin, a partner in a Leavenworth shoe store.

Keywords: Courts; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Hamlin, F. N.; Lawsuits; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Piqua, Ohio; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; William H. Lee and Co.

Authors: Sherman & Ewing

Minute Book
August 28, 1854 - October 1, 1858
This minute book documented the founding of the Kickapoo City Association in Leavenworth County and its transactions through October 1, 1858. It contained the association's by-laws. It was a fairly complete example of how a town association conducted business, including surveying the proposed site, acquiring title to the land involved, sale of shares, and efforts to make the town attractive to prospective settlers. Meetings were held on the town site or in Weston, Missouri.

Keywords: Kickapoo City Association; Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Town companies; Town development; Town promotion; Town shares; Town site speculation

Authors: Kickapoo City Association

General Land Agent and Dealers in Real Estate, Leavenworth City and Lecompton, Kansas Territory
undated
This advertisement was on behalf of Akers, Logan, & Company, describing the services it provided as a real estate company.

Keywords: Akers, Logan and Company; Claims (see Damage claims or Land claims); Immigration and early settlement; Land; Land sales; Land surveys; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Real estate; Real estate business

Authors: Akers, Logan, & Co.

Remonstrance of the Constitution Convention against the passage of the Lecompton Constitution
March 30, 1858
Letter written to the United States Congress which points out many reasons why Congress should not accept the Lecompton Constitution.

Keywords: Congress (See United States. Congress); Emery, James Stanley; Foster, Charles A.; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Lecompton Constitution; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; United States. Congress; Walden, John Morgan; Winchell, J. M.

Authors: Winchell, James M., 1823-1877

Letter, C. C. Andrews to John A. Halderman, Esq.
June 27, 1854
From Fort Leavenworth, C. C. Andrews wrote a short letter to inform Halderman that "nothing has transpired" at that location during the past week or so but he was certain "that the territory will be populated with a rapidity unparralleled [sic] in the rise of states." Andrews also was sure that men in the legal profession, such as Andrews himself and Halderman, would do quite well financially.

Keywords: Andrews, Christopher C.; Emigration and immigration; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Halderman, John Adams; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Migration, internal; Settlement

Authors: Andrews, Christopher C.

Certificate, Leavenworth Association, Five Town Shares
October 9, 1854
This certificate for "five shares of the Town property of Leavenworth Association" was made out to Andrew H. Reeder, the first territorial governor. It was signed by H. Miles Moore, secretary, and George W. Gist, president. The latter, and two other men, had laid claim, according to Andreas's History of Kansas, to the land that would become Leavenworth city on June 12, 1854, the first land claimed in the territory by U. S. citizens after passages of the Kansas Nebraska Act.

Keywords: Gist, George W.; Land acquisition; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town shares

Authors: Leavenworth Association

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [A. J. Isacks]
May 20, 1860
Mention was made in the Ewing letter to Andrew J. Isacks in Washington, D.C., of the development of the Smoky Hill route to the gold fields and railroad legislation. The Atchison & St. Joseph, as well as the "Pacific railroad," was specifically noted.

Keywords: Atchison and St. Joseph Railroad; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Elwood, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Isacks, Andrew Jackson; Pacific railroads; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Smoky Hill Trail, Kansas Territory; Washington, D.C.

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [E. Peabody]
June 24, 1860
In this letter from Leavenworth to E. Peabody in St. Joseph, Mo., Ewing sought information about ongoing railroad projects to better inform his and the public's decision in an upcoming bond election. Leavenworth County residents were being asked "to subscribe and issue $100,000 of county bonds to the Leavenworth & Cameron Railroad Company," and Ewing was leaning against it. He favored an extension of the "Platte County road" and subsequent development of the "Leavenworth & Fort Riley road."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Bonds; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth and Cameron Railroad; Leavenworth and Fort Riley Railroad; Peabody, E.; Platte County, Missouri; Railroads; Weston, Missouri

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Parrott [Marcus J. Parrott]
September 27, 1860
In late September 1860, Ewing wrote Marcus J. Parrott, the territory's delegate to Congress (Washington, D.C.) regarding prospective railroad legislation. Ewing thought it was time Parrott made himself "heard on this momentous question"--specifically, the focus was then on the "Vandiver bill" in Congress and the influence the Topeka (Railroad) Convention might have on congressional action.

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pawnee and Western Railroad; Railroad conventions; Railroads; United States. Congress

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [W. R. Griffith]
December 18, 1860
With regard to the "difficulties in Linn and Bourbon Counties," Ewing wrote William Riley Griffith of Marmaton, Bourbon County, regarding their shared belief that the Republican Party should not condone the violence perpetrated by James Montgomery and company. Ewing was hopeful that if Kansas was admitted soon, order would be restored.

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Free state activities; Griffith, William Riley; Lincoln administration; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Marmaton, Kansas Territory; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Violence

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Hugh [Ewing]
January 17, 1861
To his brother Hugh Ewing, who was apparently visiting family in Lancaster, Ohio, Thomas Ewing wrote concerning his upcoming trip to New York and Washington. His major focus was the prospect of Charles Robinson being appointed Commissioner of Indian affairs in the new administration, and his (Ewing's) likely selection to the U.S. Senate if Robinson captured that position.

Keywords: Civil war; Ewing, Hugh; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Lancaster, Ohio; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; New York, New York; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Presidential appointments; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; United States. Congress. Senate; Washington, D.C.

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Contract, Between Leavenworth Town Association and John A. Halderman
June 25, 1855
Signed by three trustees of the Leavenworth Town Association (Oliver Diefendorf, William S. Yohe, and J. M. Day), this contract or agreement sold lot #19 in block #17 to J. A. Halderman for $175.00. The specific terms of the agreement were described.

Keywords: Day, J. M; Diefendorf, Oliver; Halderman, John Adams; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Town companies; Town settlement; Yohe, William S.

Authors: Leavenworth Town Association

Letter, W. T. Sherman to Robert Campbell
January 13, 1859
For the Leavenworth law firm which was, after January 1, 1859, "Sherman Ewing & McCook," W. T. Sherman responded to correspondence regarding the collection of money owed from Robert Campbell of Saint Louis. One of the debtors in question was "Russell Majors & Waddell."

Keywords: Campbell, Robert; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Majors, Alexander, 1814-1900; McCook, Dan; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell); Sherman, Ewing & McCook; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; St. Louis, Missouri; Waddell, William B.; Weston, Missouri

Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891

Letter, Sherman[W. T], Ewing [Thomas] & McCook to Mess. Walker, Williams & Miller
January 14, 1859
The day after writing to Robert Campbell regarding debt collections involving Russell, Majors & Waddell, the law firm contacted "Walker, Williams & Miller" of Weston, Missouri, about the amount owed because William Russell "could not pay the draft" but assured them that Walker, Williams & Miller "would promptly do so."

Keywords: Debt; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; McCook, Dan; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell); Sherman, Ewing & McCook; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Walker, Williams & Miller; Weston, Missouri

Authors: Sherman, Ewing & McCook

Letter, W.T. Sherman to Robert Campbell
January 17, 1859
This was another letter to Robert Campbell regarding the debt that Sherman, Ewing & McCook was trying to collect. With the others, this conveyed a sense of the legal and financial transactions that seemed to have been a major part of this firm's business and the financial activities of the territory.

Keywords: Campbell, Robert; Courts; Finance; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Salt Lake, Utah; Sherman, Ewing & McCook; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Weston, Missouri

Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891

Letter, W.T. Sherman to James B. Goddard
January 17, 1859
From Leavenworth, W.T. Sherman wrote to a correspondent in Louisville, Ohio, regarding the uncertain prospects of "the Gold Mines of Kansas." He speculated that the Pikes Peak mines would yield some gold but nothing like the mines of California and Australia, and offered some travel advice.

Keywords: California; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Goddard, James B.; Gold mines and mining; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ohio; Pikes Peak gold rush; Salt Lake, Utah; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891

Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [Milton Fithion]
March 14, 1859
Recently back in Leavenworth after spending the winter in Washington conducting railroad business, Thomas Ewing, Jr., wrote to Milton Fithion [?] of Urbana, Ohio, regarding payment for what was apparently a bogus "Wyandot float." Such a claim, if valid, "would be worth from $1,500 to $2,000," but Marcus Parrott, who had agreed to buy the float had discovered that the named "Wyandot" was not included in the "treaties as entitled to land."

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fithion, Milton; Indian treaties; Land claims; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Urbana, Ohio; Wyandot Float

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dir Sir [William F. Roelofson]
March 26, 1859
In this March 26, 1859, letter to William F. Roelofson, London, England, T. Ewing, Jr., discussed an investment but also observed: "The city streets are black with the swarms of Pikes Peakers and our prospects are better now than ever. We are getting 2/3rds of the whole of this emigration: and our merchants are doing an enormous business in outfitting for the mines."

Keywords: Commerce; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Gold mines and mining; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; London, England; Merchants; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Roelofson, William F.

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Sherman [W. T.], Ewing [Thomas] & McCook to Geo. B. Parker
April 4, 1859
Although unclear as to the exact nature of the litigation, this letter from the Leavenworth firm pertained to the taking of depositions in "the case against the steamboat 'Isabella.'" The "Isabella" was a side-wheeler which made regular runs to Sioux City during 1858, and in this case apparently came to the aid of the "Kate Howard" when ice forced her to "give up her trip."

Keywords: Courts; Isabella (steamboat); Kate Howard (steamboat); Keiser, John D.; Lawsuits; Lawyers; McCook, Dan; Missouri River; Parker, George B.; Sherman, Ewing & McCook; Steamboats; Transportation

Authors: Sherman, Ewing & McCook

Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, April 2, 1858
April 2, 1858
After considering a few other issues, such as the selection of Topeka as "the temporary seat of Government," the convention took up the motion from the previous day on the elective franchise, with T. D. Thacher explaining that his select committee had considered the insertion of the word "white" and "unanimously report against its insertion." After some debate over procedure, Thacher offered an amendment that instructed the first legislature to put "the question of universal suffrage to the people at the general elections." The amendment passed, 50 to 29.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Capitals (cities); Constitutions; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Roberts, William Young; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877

Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913

Address of the Constitutional Convention to American Public
April 3, 1858
A committee made up of John M. Walden, James Fletcher, Thomas Ewing, Jr., Isaac T. Goodnow, Henry J. Adams, T. Dwight Thacher, and Addison Danford prepared this eleven-page manuscript "address to accompany the instrument" adopted at the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. The statement essentially laid out the philosophical foundations and rationale for the new document. It argued that the facts showed the overwhelming majority of Kansans desired admission as a free state.

Keywords: Adams, Henry J.; Danford, Addison; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fletcher, James; Free State Party; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Lecompton Constitution; Proslavery activities; Slave power; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); United States. Congress; Walden, John Morgan

Authors: Address committee. John Morgan Walden, James Fletcher, et al

Free State Ticket - Minneola/Leavenworth Constitution
May 1858
This document listed persons who ran for office in Kansas Territory in May 1858.

Keywords: Adams, Henry J.; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Branscomb, Charles H.; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free State Party; Free state constitutions; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Ladd, Erastus D.; Leavenworth Constitution; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893; Soule, Amasa; Stewart, John E.; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Walden, John Morgan; Whig Party (U.S.)

Authors: Address committee. John Morgan Walden, James Fletcher, et al

Indictment of H. Miles Moore
March 1856
Charles H. Grover, the district attorney for the First District in Kansas Territory, signed an indictment of Henry Miles Moore of Leavenworth, K. T. for unlawfully exercising the powers of Attorney General. Moore was elected Attorney General of the Free State government on January 15, 1856, under the provisions of the Topeka Constitution.

Keywords: Attorneys general; Courts; Free State Party; Free state government; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Grover, Charles H.; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Topeka Constitution; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); United States. District Court (Kansas Territory)

Authors: Grover, C. H.

Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
1859
Hugh Ward of Leavenworth County filed claim # 115 for the loss and/or use of his horses, his home as a hospital, and various supplies by the pro-slavery party. The damages were done by a group of men commanded by Captain H. C. Dunn. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Damage claims; Dunn, H. C.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Livestock; Proslavery activities; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Ward, Hugh

Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr]
May 11, 1859
Among other rather mundane items, Ewing told his father back in Ohio that the Democrats had just held a convention at Tecumseh, "which Hugh [Ewing] and Hamp attended," and about the economic conditions in Leavenworth, which were much tied to the success of the "Pikes Peak movement."

Keywords: Construction; Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Physicians; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; St. Joseph, Missouri; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Miss Maria Maher
September 14, 1859
Although not specifically stated, it seems clear that this letter to Maria Maher, "a first rate servant" girl who had "served us [the Ewings] so long and so well," addressed her unfortunate condition--becoming pregnant out of wedlock. She was sent to the Catholic charitable institution in St. Louis and advised to seek legal assistance from a particular attorney there "if the young man will not honorably fulfil his promise. . . . If the young man means to marry you, he will do it at once."

Keywords: Catholic Church; Domestics; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Miege, John Baptist; Servants; St. Louis, Missouri; Unmarried mothers

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [Hon. John Sherman]
December 16, 1859
Ewing wrote Republican Congressman John Sherman in Washington, D.C., to implore him not to support the appointment of William Montgomery (D., Pa.) to the Committee on Public Lands. The Pennsylvania congressman was heavily invested in Atchison and could be expected to continue to support an inequitable Public Land bill.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Montgomery, William; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; United States. Congress; United States. Congress. House. Committee on Public Lands; Washington, D.C.

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr.]
January 20, 1861
As with the January 17 letter to his brother, Ewing, Jr., stressed the significance of Robinson's appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs in this letter to his father in Lancaster, Ohio. Ewing expressed high regard for Robinson's abilities and believed he had wide support, from virtually every "republican of note in Kansas save Jim: Lane."

Keywords: Civil war; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Lancaster, Ohio; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; New York, New York; Ohio; Presidential appointments; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; United States. Congress. Senate; Washington, D.C.

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear [Joseph J.] Coombs
January 22, 1861
In January 1861 Ewing wrote several letters to members of Congress and others of influence in Washington on behalf of Charles Robinson's appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs. This one, marked "Private," to J. J. Coombs is one example. Not only was Robinson well qualified for this important position, according to Ewing, but Robinson's appointment to this influential post would increase Ewing's chance to capture a Senate seat--"If he can get the appt before the State Legislature sits it will so greatly strengthen his influence that my election will be certain."

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Coombs, Joseph J.; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Presidential appointments; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; United States. Congress. Senate; Washington, D.C.

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Poster, Public Warning!
June 11, 1856
This flyer warned the citizens of Leavenworth that the city marshal, William Shockley, would begin enforcing the ordinance against discharging firearms within the city limits. It had "become so frequent as to endanger life and greatly annoy the quiet and peace of orderly citizens."

Keywords: Cities and towns; Firearms; Guns; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Shockley, William P.

Authors: Shockley, William P.

Letter, Tom [Tho. Ewing, Jr.] to Dear Father [Hon. T. Ewing]

Ewing, Jr., wrote from Leavenworth to inform his father about 915 acres of land, "near the Kaw river . . . three & a half miles north east of Topeka," that had just been purchased for him. "The land is beautiful & fertile--and is adjacent to fine bodies of timber in the Kansas Valley. The proximity of the land to Topeka (which will be the Capital, of the state) and to the rail road, which will undoubtedly be built in a few years is to be considered in estimating the value of the land." He also mentioned its proximity to the "great military road to Fort Riley."

Keywords: Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Military roads; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Timber claim; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, W. T. Sherman to H. E. Ring
November 1, 1858
Thomas Ewing, Jr.'s law partner and brother-in-law, W.T. Sherman, who would gain military fame and glory as a general during the Civil War, wrote from Leavenworth to H.E. Ring in Dover, Tenn., regarding land and other prospects in Kansas. "Near this city now containing 1000 people," wrote Sherman, that land prices were high ranging about $100 an acre down to $4 or $5." Sherman offered to help this "old school mate" locate in Kansas if he so desired, but he advised that he would not do so unless his health was good and if he were prospering back home, "as there are many here seeking places. The climate too is not so genial as that of Tennessee."

Keywords: Dover, Tennessee; Land acquisition; Land sales; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ring, H. E.; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Tennessee; Weather

Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891

Letter, W. T. Sherman to Wm. T. Coleman & Co.
November 15, 1858
From Leavenworth on behalf of "two sons of the Hon. Thos Ewing of Ohio" and himself, Sherman informed Coleman & Co., "No. 88, Wall Street New York," that the firm would be pleased to be of whatever service they could. He then wrote of Leavenworth's great prospects: "we propose to make this our future home. . . . It now contains 10000 people, and reminds me much in the appearance of its houses, streets, and people of California towns in 1851 & 2."

Keywords: California; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; New York, New York; Ohio; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Town promotion; Wm. T. Coleman & Co.

Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Govr [Charles Robinson]
January 24, 1861
This brief letter to Charles Robinson in Lawrence was to inform the "governor" of Ewing's activities on his behalf and to send him a copy of one of the half dozen or so letters Ewing had written in support of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs appointment. Letters reportedly went to Caleb B. Smith; John Sherman; Governors T. Corwin, William Dennison, and Salmon Chase; Joseph J. Coombs; and "Father," Thomas Ewing, Sr.

Keywords: Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873; Coombs, Joseph J.; Corwin, Thomas; Dennison, William, 1815-1882; Ewing, Faith; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Presidential appointments; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; Smith, Caleb B.; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; Washington, D.C.

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, J. H. Noteware to His Excellency Gov. [James W.] Denver
March 5, 1858
James H. Noteware, superintendent of schools for Kansas Territory, wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory to Governor James W. Denver seeking the governor's support for his effort to establish a school system in the territory.

Keywords: Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Education; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Noteware, James H.; Schools

Authors: Noteware, James H.

Certificate, Leavenworth Association, One Town Shares
October 18, 1854
This document/certificate was identical to the one issued to Andrew H. Reeder (Document #261), but it was made out to C. A. Williams for "one share of the Town property of Leavenworth Association," and on the reverse side it was transferred to Reeder, November 11, 1854. It was signed by Charles Mundee, secretary, and D. P. Wallingford, a proslave partisan from Weston, Mo. At the top, the document was signed, "With Greetings: John A. Halderman."

Keywords: Certificates; Halderman, John Adams; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Mundee, Charles; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town shares; Wallingford, D. P.; Williams, C. A.

Authors: Leavenworth Association

Photograph, First Executive Office, Fort Leavenworth
1854
A photograph of the building where Governor Reeder established the first Executive office at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, October 4 to November 24, 1854.

Keywords: Capitals (cities); Executive departments - Kansas Territory; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Territorial government; United States. Army

Authors: Leavenworth Association

Photograph, Colored Battery, Ft. Leavenworth, KS, c. 1864.
1864
Carte de visite depicting a Colored Battery positioned in front of the guard house, Ft. Leavenworth, KS, c. 1864.

Keywords: African Americans; Military; Photographs and Illustrations

Authors: Leavenworth Association

Photograph, First house in Leavenworth
c. 1855
A photograph of the first dwelling house in Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, built in 1855. The date of the photograph is unknown. It was located between 4th and 5th Streets on Olive Street. A young African-American child was photographed standing next to the house.

Keywords: African Americans; Houses; Immigration and early settlement; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth buildings; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement

Authors: Leavenworth Association

Photograph, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1860
c. 1860
An illustration of Leavenworth when it was six years old, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Photographs and Illustrations; Steamboats

Authors: Leavenworth Association

Photograph, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1858
1858
An illustration of the City of Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1858, copied from Leslie's, December 25, 1858.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations

Authors: Beaulieu

Photograph, Voting at Kickapoo, Kansas Territory
c. 1855
An illustration of pro-slavery Missourians voting at Kickapoo, Kansas Territory, c. 1855, copied from Beyond the Mississippi by Albert D. Richardson, 1867.

Keywords: Book illustrations; Elections; Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Missourians; Photographs and Illustrations; Voting

Authors: Beard, Frank

Meeting Minutes, Leavenworth Association
July 7, 1854
The Leavenworth Association met "on the tract of the Association's land" in Kansas Territory at the house of G. B. Pauton. The minutes included resolutions requesting the creation of a map showing the specific land claims of each association member and the selection of a town site.

Keywords: Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Squatters; Town companies; Town sites

Authors: Leavenworth Association

Meeting Minutes, Leavenworth Association
July 26, 1854
The Leavenworth Association met "on the tract of the Association's land" in Kansas Territory at the house of G. B. Parton. The minutes included a report listing all the members of the association and described the progress made in clearing land for a town site.

Keywords: Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Parton, G. B.; Town companies; Town development; Town sites

Authors: Leavenworth Association

Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
1859
Claim #188 was filed on behalf of the company of Rees & Keith by Lewis N. Rees and Perry Keith, partners in the business in Leavenworth County. It was for provisions supplied to the territorial militia under the command of Brigadier General Lucian J. Eastin and Colonel Archibal Payne. Jarrett Todd served as the commissary for Colonel Payne's regiment. The items furnished included various food stuffs, kitchen equipment, and some ammunition. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Ammunition; Damage claims; Eastin, Lucian J.; Food; Keith, Perry; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Payne, Archibald; Rees & Keith; Rees, Lewis N.; Retail businesses; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Todd, Jarrett

Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson

Letter, W. F. M. Arny to W. Hutchinson
October 28, 1856
From Chicago, William F. M. Arny, general agent for the National Kansas Committee, wrote to inform Hutchinson of a shipment of relief goods that would arrive soon at Leavenworth. Arny had also given James Blood several thousand dollars "to purchase goods in St. Louis," and Arny was on his way East to raise more.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blood, James; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Herald of Freedom; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Relief; St. Louis, Missouri; Wattles, Augustus

Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [John Hanna]
January 26, 1860
In this letter to a friend in Greencastle, Indiana, Ewing made numerous observations about the state of Kansas politics, of which he wrote: "Politics in Kansas you know are a business to those caught in the whirlpool." Ewing thought the state government was "pretty well officered" but was concerned about prospects for the senatorial contest. "Lane is nearly dead with the politicians. . . But he is a power with the people. . . . I look on Lane as a decidedly bad man," even though he recognized Lane's positive "service to the cause before the [Lawrence free-state] Convention in Decr 1857."

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Free state cause; Hanna, John; Journalism; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Congress. Senate; Vaughan, Champion

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing Sr.]
February 2, 1860
In a lengthy letter to his father back in Lancaster, Ohio, Thomas Ewing, Jr., provided some observations and analysis of the Kansas political scene, especially as it pertained to the forthcoming election of U.S. senators. The counties north of the Kansas River would likely get either Marcus J. Parrott or Samuel C. Pomeroy, and the latter worried Ewing primarily because he was an Atchison promoter.

Keywords: Apprenticeship; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Lancaster, Ohio; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Machinists; Moore, Ely; Ohio; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pikes Peak gold rush; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell); United States. Congress. Senate; United States. General Land Office

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Hamp B. Denman
February 23, 1860
Ewing's friend and business associate, Hamp B. Denman, went to Washington, D.C., to seek appointment as register of the U.S. Land Office in Lecompton. President Buchanan "--that damned old scoundrel!"--rejected Denman.

Keywords: Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Democratic Party (U.S.); Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; United States. General Land Office

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr.]
March 9, 1860
Thomas Ewing, Jr., wrote from Leavenworth to his father in Ohio seeking his assistance with a legal matter involving claims to the land "reserved to certain half breeds of the Kansas tribe." Most of this land was occupied by squatters and questions of legal title and transfer were being litigated in the territorial and federal courts.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Courts; Elmore, Rush; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kansa Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Kansa Indians; Kansas Territory. Supreme Court; Land claim disputes; Land speculation; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Native Americans; Ohio; Pettit, John; Squatters; Territorial Supreme Court (see Kansas Territory. Supreme Court)

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Gov'r [Charles Robinson]
March 30, 1860
In response to a letter of March 27 from Charles Robinson, Lawrence, Ewing wrote regarding the governor's forthcoming trip to Washington. Ewing mentioned several issues but was mainly concerned about the lobbying effort for the railroad bill and the future state's federal land grant.

Keywords: Babcock, Carmi William; Deitzler, George W.; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land grants; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Times; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Railroad promotion; Railroads; Railroads finance; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Congress; Vaughan, John C.; Washington, D.C.

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [Abraham Lincoln]
May 6, 1860
On May 6, 1860, ten days before the Republican convention convened in Chicago, Illinois, Ewing wrote to Abraham Lincoln at Springfield, Ill., regarding the fact that the Kansas Republican delegation had been "instructed by the Convention by which they were selected to cast their votes (if they should have any) for Mr. Seward [considered by most a more radical candidate]. . ." Ewing wanted to explain how this happened and why D.W. Wilder, a strong Seward man, was the Leavenworth delegate rather than "Col. Delahay who was understood to be strongly in favor of your nomination."

Keywords: Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873; Chicago, Illinois; Delahay, Mark W.; Election, Presidential, 1860; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Illinois; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Political conventions; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872; Wilder, Daniel Webster, 1832-1911

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Certificate for distribution of Leavenworth town lots
October 17, 1854
The certificate, issued to Henry Miles Moore, secretary of the Leavenworth Town Association, detailed the town lots distributed to Moore as a town association shareholder. Moore held four shares in the Leavenworth Association and was entitled to thirty-two town lots.

Keywords: Certificates; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Town lots

Authors: Leavenworth Association

Statement, William Phillips, Sworn before Samuel Lecompte, Chief Justice of Kansas Territory
May 23, 1855
William Phillips, a Leavenworth resident, testified before Chief Justice Samuel Lecompte and described an incident in which Phillips, an anti-slavery proponent, was tarred and feathered by a group of Weston, Missouri pro-slavery supporters.

Keywords: Antislavery; Border ruffians; Chief justice; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Phillips, William; Proslavery; Proslavery activities

Authors: Phillips, William

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [J. M. Winchell]
April 13, 1859
This letter from Ewing in Leavenworth to James M. Winchell at "Wyandott" addressed a question regarding real estate in the latter's city and the upcoming Osawatomie convention for the founding of the Republican Party in Kansas. Ewing believed the "opposition" would "have no difficulty in carrying the county: but if the party is badly managed at Osawattomie [sic], & at subsequent conventions, our county is surely gone and probably the Territory."

Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Real estate; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Hugh [Ewing]
July 27, 1859
In this letter to Hugh Ewing in Washington, D.C., Ewing, Jr. sought his brother's consent to donate "a lot" to Leavenworth's German Catholic to help with the construction of a "new building" (the pastor wanted to hold a raffle for the property to raise money). Perhaps more importantly, Ewing, Jr. wrote of political developments in which their business associate Hamp Denman was a likely Democratic nominee for governor, and he (T.E., Jr.) felt "strongly inclined to take the place on our [the Republican] ticket of Chief Justice of Supreme Court (a nomination he received in October; Ewing subsequently won election to that office in the December general election). Ewing also observed that the Republican Party was weaker in Leavenworth County than he anticipated and predicted that "the new Constitution [Wyandotte] will be unpopular in this County & and lose us many votes--not so much for its failure to exclude negroes as for its unjust & dishonest apportionment . . ."

Keywords: African Americans; Apportionment; Catholic Church; Churches; Democratic Party (U.S.); Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Hugh; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Halderman, John Adams; Johnston, Sanders W.; Kansas Territory. Supreme Court; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Miege, John Baptist; Mitchell, Robert Byington; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Wyandotte Constitution

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [Hon. Edward Everett]
December 21, 1859
In the wake of John Brown's execution, Ewing wrote to congratulate the renowned Whig congressman, governor, and U.S. senator from Massachusetts, Edward Everett, for the sentiments expressed by Everett and others at "the great meeting at Fanueil Hall to give expression to the opinion of the conservative people of Boston respecting the foray of old John Brown." Nevertheless, Ewing had to point out "an erroneous statement" in Everett's speech "to the effect that the migration of free negroes into the Territory of Kansas is prohibited by law." This of course was not the case and Ewing believed to say so did disservice to the people of Kansas, "who, after achieving their own liberties . . . Have not disgraced themselves by denying the freedom of the Territory to any human being."

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Constitutions; Everett, Edward, 1794-1865; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Exclusion, African Americans; Slavery

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to A. J. Isacks
March 22, 1860
Ewing addressed a number of issues in this letter to former territorial Kansas attorney general Andrew J. Isacks (1854-1857), who was in Washington, D.C. presumably lobbying Congress on behalf of Kansas admission, etc., but closed with some interesting comments on Leavenworth's interest in the promotion and development of the Smoky Hill route to the Pikes Peak region. Isacks was one of Ewing's principle partners in the Leavenworth, Pawnee, & Western Railroad venture and was undoubtedly busy lobbying for a railroad land grant from Congress.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Colorado City, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Homestead law; Isacks, Andrew Jackson; Land grants; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Pawnee, and Western Railroad Company; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Smoky Hill Trail, Kansas Territory; United States. Congress; Washington, D.C.

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, Afternoon Session
March 26, 1858
Kansas's third constitutional convention, convened at Minneola, Franklin County, on March 23, 1858, elected officers (including Samuel F. Tappan, secretary), and then adjourned to reconvene at Leavenworth on March 25. During the afternoon session, March 26, 1858, some interesting debate occurred regarding the viability of the Topeka Constitution, and a minority of the Leavenworth delegates reaffirmed their support for the 1855 instrument. (The Leavenworth Convention nevertheless drafted and adopted a new constitution, and adjourned on April 3, 1858.)

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Constitutions; Conway, Martin Franklin; Free State Party; Goodin, Joel Kishler; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Topeka Constitution; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877

Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913

Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
March 31, 1858
During the course of the convention's business on Wednesday, March 31, 1858, the delegates took up the article on "elective Franchise reported back from Committee on Phraseology." Samuel N. Wood's motion "to strike out the word 'male'" failed, 21 to 35, but interestingly, the yeas and nays were recorded. The votes for the unsuccessful effort to insert the word "white" were also recorded.

Keywords: Constitutions; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)

Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913

Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
April 1, 1858
The delegates considered the "Homestead Exemption" during the morning session, April 1, 1858. The provision was amended so as to make the basic exemption 160 acres or not over $2,000. The vote on this was recorded, and the yeas and nays are followed by numerous explanations--delegates who voted nay but not because they opposed the concept.

Keywords: Constitutions; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Homestead exemptions; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Winans, A. L.; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)

Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913

Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, April 1, 1858
April 1, 1858
On Thursday afternoon, April 1, the delegates began considering the proposed constitution in its entirety. When they reached Article II, the elective franchise, Hampton P. Johnson of Leavenworth, "moved to insert the word 'white' before the word 'male'." Jim Lane's motion to refer the matter to a special committee failed, as did B.B. Newton's motion to table "the whole subject"--yeas 35, nays 41. The yeas and nays were recorded. Among those voting to table, and thus to stifle the effort to add the word "white," were Lane, Ritchie, Preston B. Plumb, Thacher, and Amasa Soule.

Keywords: Constitutions; Johnson, Hampton P.; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newton, B. B.; Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Soule, Amasa; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877

Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913

Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
April 2, 1858
At the beginning of the afternoon session, Friday, April 2, 1858, suffrage was briefly discussed, with Samuel N. Wood moving to strike "male" wherever it occurred in the instrument and "to insert after the word 'he' the words 'or she' . . ." The motion failed, but 20 delegates supported what arguably amounted to an equal rights amendment for women. The yeas and nays were recorded.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Constitutions; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Women; Womens rights; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)

Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913

Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
April 2, 1858
When the convention considered Article 7, Education, near the end of the afternoon session on Friday, April 2, James Davis of Leavenworth moved to insert "white" before "child," but Sam Wood's motion to table passed 44 to 36. The yeas and nays were recorded.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; African Americans; American Indians (see also Native Americans); Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Constitutions; Davis, James; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Harvey, Henry; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)

Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913

Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
April 3, 1858
At the final session, Saturday afternoon, April 3, 1858, all the delegates signed the convention's proposed constitution, but several took the opportunity to make one last protest of the inclusion of "negro suffrage" because they believed their constituents opposed it and/or insisted that the instrument did "not extend the right of suffrage to negroes." This protest included Caleb May of Atchison County, the entire Linn County delegation (Addison Danford, Robert B. Mitchell, Thomas H. Butler, and Robert Ewing), and A. W. McCauslin of Jefferson County. The latter also expressed concern about the Education clause, "which appears to permit colored children to go to Common Schools with white children" and "the subject of negro immigration."

Keywords: African Americans; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Butler, Thomas H.; Constitutions; Danford, Addison; Education; Ewing, Robert; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; May, Caleb; McCauslin, A. W.; Mitchell, Robert Byington; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913

Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913

Letter Press Book, Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Dear Judge [M. F. Moore]
June 5, 1857
Thomas Ewing, Jr., moved to Kansas Territory in 1856 and established a law practice in Leavenworth. It is from this town, Kansas Territory's largest city, where he also had many investments, that he wrote Judge M. F. Moore, Sioux City, Iowa, regarding Moore's investments and other opportunities in Leavenworth.

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Iowa; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Agreement, Articles of agreement made . . .
April 30, 1858
Dated April 30, 1858, and executed in Leavenworth, this handwritten document was an "agreement made and entered into" by John Adams Halderman and Hugh Ewing, representing the Leavenworth Journal, and C. H. McLaughlin and William B. Hutchison to lease all the newspaper equipment for $25 per month. Among other more technically oriented conditions of the lease pertaining to the upkeep of the business, McLaughlin and Hutchinson agreed "to make it a free-state Democratic paper, sustaining the ___ ___ course of Senator Douglas . . ."

Keywords: Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1861; Ewing, Hugh; Free state Democrats; Halderman, John Adams; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Leavenworth Journal; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; McLaughlin, C. H.; Newspapers

Authors: Halderman, John Adams

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear John [John J. Brasee]
May 19, 1860
Ewing wrote this letter to John J. Brasee of Lancaster, Ohio (Ewing's hometown), in response to an apparent inquiry into the grounds for and the chances of someone acquiring an easy divorce in K.T.

Keywords: Adultery; Brasee, John J.; Courts; Divorce; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Pettit, John; Wyandotte Constitution

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Proclamation, To the People of Leavenworth County
June 3, 1857
J. A. Halderman appeared to have penned this handwritten proclamation, signed by numerous other "residents and citizens" of Leavenworth County, calling on the people of the county "to support at the coming election for members of the constitutional convention" at Lecompton a slate of twelve named delegates. The document assured the citizenry that the "undersigned" and their chosen delegates were committed to a fair process that would allow the people to vote to accept or reject any proposed constitution and to vote separately on the question of slavery.

Keywords: Elections; Halderman, John Adams; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitutional Convention, September 1857; Slavery

Authors: Halderman, John Adams

Letter Press Book, Tom [Thomas Ewing, Jr.] to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr. ]
July 14, 1857
Writing to his father from Leavenworth, K.T., Thomas Ewing, Jr., described the prospects for "good bargains" in Delaware lands. "Hamp" went to secure 1,000 acres for Ewing, Sr., which they hoped to acquire for $3.00 per acre. Ewing, Jr., addressed additional transactions that he was considering for his father and others.

Keywords: Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Delaware Indians; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Poll List, Leavenworth, Topeka Constitution
August 3, 1857
On August 3, 1857, the free-state legislature gave K. T. voters another chance to vote the Topeka Constitution (first approved, December 1855) when they went to the polls to elect new legislators. Few, if any, proslave voters participated and the territory-wide tally was 7,257 for the constitution, 34 against. The polling list for Leavenworth contains the names of 721 voters, "seven hundred and six (706) being in favor of said Constitution and two (2) against."

Keywords: Constitutions; Election, Topeka Constitution, August 1857; Elections; Free state; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitution

Authors: Anthony, Scott A.

Agreement, Construction of Office Building in Leavenworth
September 29, 1855
A. H. Reeder herein entered into an agreement with H. M. Hook for the latter to "erect" an office building on lot #8, block #3 of Leavenworth, KT. Hook agreed to build the structure, "16 feet by 32 feet similar to the office of M. I. Parrot" (perhaps, Marcus J. Parrott) for $400. Hook was to be paid out of the rent received on this property when finished, as well as from that he received on three others he was leasing from Reeder.

Keywords: Construction; Hook, H. M.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864

Authors: Hook, H. M.; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864

Letter, H. Miles Moore to Major J. [Jesse] Morin
October 12, 1859
Moore, an anti-slavery Democrat wrote to Jesse Morin, register of the federal land office in Fort Scott, K. T., to seek Morin's support in his bid for the Democratic Party nomination for attorney general. Moore was unsuccessful at the October 25, 1859, Democratic Convention in his effort to secure the nomination.

Keywords: Attorneys general; Democratic Party (U.S.); Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Morin, Jesse; Northern Democrats

Authors: Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826

Letter, [M. W.] Delahay to Dear Sam [Wood]
November 18, 1859
From Leavenworth, Delahay wrote in response to Sam Wood's November 14 request that Delahay come to "the Grove" [Council Grove] to assist with the election campaign. Delahay was not sure he could make this long trip, since "our court commences" on the first Monday of December, and he expected to be busy with the local campaign. Delahay ended by asking Wood to help secure for him the position of "chief clerk" in the territorial legislature, "the office that I was by base treachery last winter swindled out of . . ."

Keywords: Council Grove, Kansas Territory; Delahay, Mark W.; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Elections; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minneola, Kansas Territory; Morris County, Kansas Territory; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)

Authors: Delahay, Mark W.

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Charley [Charley Ewing]
May 1, 1860
In a letter to Charley Ewing, his younger brother, Thomas Ewing made some interesting observations about national presidential politics and parties. He was hopeful that the Republican Party in convention at Chicago would nominate a good "National man," but if they didn't he would "hope for the election of [Stephen A.] Douglas."

Keywords: Charleston, South Carolina; Chicago, Illinois; Democratic Party (U.S.); Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1861; Election, Presidential, 1860; Ewing, Charles; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Political conventions; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Whig Party (U.S.)

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [Hon. John J. Crittenden]
June 5, 1860
In this letter to Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden, Ewing urged support for the pending Kansas bill, which would have brought Kansas into the Union under the Wyandotte Constitution, by explaining one potentially controversial provision and assuring the senator that the population of the territory was between 80,000 and 100,000. The constitution provision in question conferred "suffrage on aliens who have declared their intention to become citizens of the United States." Ewing did not argue "the wisdom of this provision" but explained that it was a necessary "inducement to Emigrants" being made by all the western states and territories.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Census; Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Immigrants; Kentucky; Suffrage; United States. Congress. Senate; Wyandotte Constitution

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [Hon. John Sherman]
January 22, 1861
To Congressman, soon to be U.S. senator, John Sherman of Ohio, Ewing wrote to encourage Sherman to support Charles Robinson's appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs. "It is a matter of very great importance to the people of Kansas that a Comr should be apptd who would exert himself to have the numerous reserves in our borders reduced, and such of the Tribes removed southward as wish to get out of our way . . . ." Ewing also mentioned the pending bill for "the admission of Kansas."

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Courts; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Native Americans; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pettit, John; Presidential appointments; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; Washington, D.C.

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear General [James H. Lane]
January 25, 1861
In this "Private" reply to his political rival, Ewing apparently responded to a request from Jim Lane for information about troops and munitions at Fort Leavenworth. Ewing provided some detailed information about this and about the local militia's readiness and strength. The troop strength at the fort was weak, but "Dragoons" from Fort Scott were expected soon: "If the Cavalry Companies come, all will be safe at the Fort. But we must have a force prepared to defend the City--& such preparation is our best guaranty for peace with our neighbors.

Keywords: Ammunition; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Firearms; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Military; Militia; United States. Army

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, M. W. Delahay to My Dear Sir
December 1, 1860
In response to an inquiry about a presidential appointment, Delahay wrote from Leavenworth that it was too soon to bother the president elect with such matters. When the time came, perhaps in April or May, Delahay believed Lincoln would treat Kansas fairly and might "consult his friends in Kansas and I may be one of them . . . I have been an old friend of Mr. Lincoln and he is a relative of my wife." (This is identified as a "circular letter," so perhaps it was mailed to a number of individuals with similar interests.)

Keywords: Delahay, Mark W.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Patronage, political; Presidential appointments; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )

Authors: Delahay, Mark W.

Letter, Wm. Stanley to Dear [John A.] Halderman
January 12, 1858
Shortly after Halderman left Leavenworth for a trip east (Washington, D. C., it is nearly certain), William Stanley wrote him from Leavenworth regarding some "excitement" that had occurred there the very day Halderman left. Many were fearful of "attack" and thus the alarms were "sounded. . . . Hundreds of free state men were soon in arms, and the proslavery party exhibited more of apprehension than I have ever witnessed before." He mentions proslavery men leaving for Shawnee, the fact that many free-state men had recently been driven out of nearby Kickapoo, that John Calhoun was given a military escort to Lecompton, and his confidence that the [Lecompton] constitution would pass the Congress.

Keywords: Calhoun, John; Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1861; Free state; Free state militia; Halderman, John Adams; Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Proslavery; Stanley, William

Authors: Stanley, William

Letter Press Book, addendum to Thomas Ewing to Dear Sir
July 14, 1857
Accompanying a two page, mostly illegible letter from Thomas Ewing dated Leavenworth, July 14, 1857, was a two page addendum describing and itemizing the cost of building 40 new and reconstructing the roofs on 27 previously built houses in Leavenworth--total cost, $8,990. He also provided an estimate as to rent that could be expected on these properties and on "a two story brick building, such as you spoke of building on the corner of 4 & Delaware."

Keywords: Commercial real estate; Construction; Cost and standard of living; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Houses; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Rent

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing, Jr., to Dear Hamp [H. B. Denman]
July 25, 1857
From Leavenworth, Ewing wrote to a law and business partner, Hamp Denman, who was working on some possible land acquisitions in the Osaukee (Ozawkie?) vicinity. Ewing provided some specific instruction regarding a number of potential deals, including the "fraction . . . Adjoining the Kaw land directly opposite Topeka. My sole object in buying would be to have a RR [railroad] depot on the land, & lay out a town."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kansa Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Kansa Indians; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, [Tho. Ewing, Jr.] to Dear Father [Hon. T. Ewing]
August 5, 1857
The first letter in this letter press book mainly concerned with political affairs in the territory was addressed to Ewing, Sr., in Lancaster, Ohio, and dated Leavenworth, Kansas, August 5, 1857. Responding to the father's observations about the situation in Kansas, Ewing, Jr., wrote "I have all along regarded the attempt at an organization of a State Government, while we are a Territory, as the extreme of folly . . ." and some additional observations about the Topeka movement. Ewing "intend[ed] to stand clear of the political arena in Kansas while the leaders of the Democracy are made up of political murderers, and while the free state party is but the football for the Free soilers in the Northern States."

Keywords: Bogus laws; Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Free Soil Party; Free State Party; Free soil; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lancaster, Ohio; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitution; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Tho. Ewing, Jr. to Dear Sir
March 29, 1858
In this letter from Leavenworth, Ewing began with comments on a note that was being extended and ended with observations about his city's rapid growth and bright prospects. "Majors & Russell," he predicted, "will only start a portion of their trains from Nebraska City. They will do all their business here as far as the capacity of the town & neighborhood will permit."

Keywords: Commerce; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Freight and freightage; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Majors, Alexander, 1814-1900; Nebraska City, Nebraska Territory; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell)

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Sherman [W. T.] & Ewing [Thomas] to Thomas A. Thompson
November 3, 1858
One of the partners addressed this letter regarding the use of military land warrants in the territory to Thomas A. Thompson at Summit Point, Jefferson Co., Virginia. "Sherman & Ewing informed Thompson that such warrants could not be used to acquire land until after the public sale in July 1859, but some advice was offered for the interim.

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land sales; Land speculation; Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Preemption law United States; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Springfield, Missouri; Squatters; Summit Point, Virginia; Warrants (Law)

Authors: Sherman & Ewing

Letter, Tho. Ewing, Jr. to Dear Sir [Wm. S. Reyburn]
November 23, 1858
In his capacity as attorney for H. B. Denman, who had just "bought of [John A.] Halderman the interest of the latter in the ferry, Ewing wrote Reyburn, Philadelphia, to encourage "an amicable settlement" to avoid taking their disagreement to court. The nature of their dispute was not entirely clear, but Ewing insisted that if not settled it could undermine the legitimacy of the ferry company's charter in the eyes of the soon to be constituted State government.

Keywords: Courts; Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Ferries; Halderman, John Adams; Lawsuits; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Philadelpia, Pennsylvania; Reyburn, William S.

Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896

Letter, Sherman [W. T.] & Ewing [Thomas] to Tax Collector
December 15, 1858
The Leavenworth partners addressed this letter containing a list of real estate and a request for "the amount of taxes assessed" to the tax collector at Calhoun, Calhoun Co., Kansas. The property holdings of Thomas Ewing, Sr. (Lancaster, Ohio), and Jr. (Leavenworth), were listed, as were those of Hugh Ewing (Leavenworth).

Keywords: Calhoun County, Kansas Territory (see also Jackson County, Kansas Territory); Ewing, Hugh; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Lancaster, Ohio; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Property tax; Real estate; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891

Authors: Sherman & Ewing

Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin A. Parrott]
November 25, 1855
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth City, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin A. Parrott, in Dayton, Ohio. Marc told his brother about his recent efforts in defending Cole McCrea, on trial before Judge Lecompte for murder. He also urged his brother to come to Kansas Territory by describing business and land purchase opportunities there. Marc also referred to an upcoming meeting of free state men, which would serve "as a counterblast to the proslavery one".

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Balls (parties); Business enterprises; Free state activities; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; McCrea, Cole; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; United States. General Land Office

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Father [Thomas Parrott]
December 13, 1855
Marcus Parrot wrote from Leavenworth City, Kansas Territory, to his father, Thomas Parrott, in Dayton, Ohio. Marcus told him that the local citizens had been in "a state of war for the last ten days", referring to the events of the Wakarusa War. Marcus had raised his own company of free state men to fight the invading Missourians, and was captured by them, but freed at the conclusion of the skirmish. He also mentioned a duel which was supposed to take place (but never occurred) between James Lane and G.P. Lowery, in which he himself was to be Lane's "second".

Keywords: Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lowrey, G.P. (Grosvenor P.); Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Parrott, Thomas; Wakarusa River; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855; Weapons (see also Guns)

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Letter, unsigned [Marc Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
December 15, 1855
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott, in Dayton, Ohio. Marcus recounted the events of the Wakarusa War, and described the actions of the Missourians prior to their attack, which supported his idea that it was premeditated. He told about his experience as a prisoner in the Missourians' camp and his interview with Governor Shannon regarding a peace treaty between the two groups. Marcus was pleased with the terms of the treaty, but was wary of Shannon's motives, saying that he was trying to "ring in" the free state party.

Keywords: Ammunition; Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Barber, Thomas W.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Missourians; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855; Weapons (see also Guns)

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Act of Incorporation
June 8, 1858
This handwritten copy of the act of incorporation for Wyandotte City declares that this town will be incorporated into Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory. It was decided in court after several taxpayers presented a petition requesting their incorporation into the territory and permission to establish a local government. This document was recorded by Henry C. Fields, clerk of the court at Leavenworth.

Keywords: Courts; Glick, Charles S.; Killen, Daniel; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; McKay, William; Petitions; Russell, George; Town settlement; Town sites; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory

Authors: Fields, Henry C.

Letter, Lucian J. Eastin to My Dear Sir [Gov. James Denver]
February 20, 1858
Lucian J. Eastin, a proslavery supporter and editor of the Herald in Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, wrote to Governor James Denver praising him for his efforts and congratulating him for his successes. Eastin told Denver that he feared the Lecompton Constitution would not pass, and he referred to recent incidents of election fraud. He also requested money from Denver so that he could print Denver's recent address and proclamation to the Kansas people.

Keywords: Calhoun, John; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Eastin, Lucian J.; Economic conditions; Election fraud; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Newspapers; Proslavery supporters; United States. Congress

Authors: Eastin, Lucian J.

Map of Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory
1857
This map shows a Leavenworth County composed mainly of Kickapoo and Delaware Indian lands, but does feature Leavenworth City. Leavenworth County was founded in 1855 and was named for Colonel Henry H. Leavenworth of the U.S. Army, as was Fort Leavenworth which was established in 1827.

Keywords: Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Indian lands; Kickapoo Indians; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Quin, Richard; United States. Surveyor General

Authors: Quin, Richard ; United States., Surveyor General

Map of Quindaro, Kanzas [Territory]
1856
This map of Quindaro, Kansas Territory also features inset maps of planned railroad routes from New England to K.T. and the "Kanzas Valley". Quindaro was originally a part of Leavenworth County until Wyandotte County was founded in 1859. The town has since been absorbed into present day Kansas City, Kansas.

Keywords: Bassett, O. A. (Owen Abbot); Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Maps; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads

Authors: Bassett, Owen A.

Minutes, Wyandotte Board of Trustees
June 12, 1858 - June 15, 1858
These three pages document the proceedings of the first meeting of the Wyandotte City Board of Trustees. The minutes include the listing of elected officers and the sworn oaths that each trustee will "support the Constitution of the U. S. and support the act to organize this territory." These oaths were collected over several days.

Keywords: Board of Trustees; Forsyth, Samuel E.; Glick, Charles S.; McKay, William; Minutes; Russell, George; Town development; Watson, Joseph; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory

Authors: Bassett, Owen A.

Proclamation
September 29, 1856
This proclamation was written by the mayor of Leavenworth, William E. Murphy, announcing that he would use the forces of the law against any person who sent an anonymous communication requesting that a citizen of Leavenworth leave the territory. Murphy encouraged the citizens of the city to "frown down any secret Conspiracy against law." It also mentioned that such action was contrary to the interests of both the government and the Law and Order Party.

Keywords: Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Law and Order Party; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Murphey, William E

Authors: Murphey, William E.

Letter, Caleb S. Pratt to Rev. T. W. Higginson
April 7, 1857
Caleb Pratt wrote from Delaware, Kansas Territory to Rev. T. W. Higginson, a prominent Northern abolitionist. He informed Higginson that a company of free state men had bought out a large portion of the predominantly pro-slavery town of Delaware. They sought to make it a suitable place for the entry of free state emigrants.

Keywords: Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Pratt, Caleb S.; Town development

Authors: Pratt, Caleb S.

Circular, The Lawrence Landing
c. 1857
This circular advertised that the Lawrence landing was in Delaware City, Kansas Territory. Delaware City lay on the Missouri River and it was closer to Lawrence than either Leavenworth or Quindaro; therefore, the most convenient way to ship goods over the river route would be to have them land at Delaware City. Delaware City had recently come into the hands of free state settlers, who wrote this circular to improve the town and to encourage emigration.

Keywords: Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Freight and freightage; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Town promotion; Transportation

Authors: Pratt, Caleb S.

Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
February 9, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott. Marcus described the events of his ride home from a business meeting in Lawrence, where he encountered a funeral procession for his friend T. C. Shoemaker, who had been beaten to death for "abusing" Mayor William E. Murphy. Marcus equated this murder to the assault on William Phillips in May 1855, and anticipated that there would only be a "so-called" trial for the men responsible. He also told his brother to be prepared to come to Kansas Territory in April.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Murphey, William E; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Violence; Weapons (see also Guns)

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
April 30, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott of Dayton, Ohio, regarding his current economic situation. Marcus was quitting his private law practice for lack of demand, and remarked that there was "little chance of fair play in the courts" anyway. He intended to invest in real estate, and asked his brother and father for any money they might spare. Marcus also referred to a mass migration of men from Alabama, lead by Major Buford, who had come to settle in K.T. in support of slavery.

Keywords: Buford, Jefferson; Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Neosho, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Real estate investment; Town development

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Minutes, Wyandotte Mayor's Office
October 27, 1859 - November 19, 1859
The minutes from these three meetings--October 17, November 15, and November 19--detail the workings of the mayor's office in Wyandotte, Kansas Territory. Some of the main points for discussion included plans to build a jail and a ferry for the Missouri River. Also, in the last entry, the board passed a motion that all dogs who were unmuzzled and running loose could be "lawfully slain."

Keywords: Board of Trustees; Ferries; Killen, Daniel; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Missouri River; Parr, James R.; Prisons; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Written Testimony, Cornelius C. Seth
January 7, 1858
This testimony of Cornelius Seth, attests to the nature of the Munsee Indians' current status. Seth, Chief of Stockbridges, stated that the Munsee Indians had come from Wisconsin to Kansas Territory in fall of 1839, and verified that they have always maintained a separate organization from all other Indian tribes and do not receive benefits through association with any other Indian nation. He maintained that the Munsees were owed traveling expenses from their 1839 journey from Wisconsin, which was very expensive, and that their numbers were dwindling rapidly "in consequence of want and exposure".

Keywords: Indian lands; Indian treaties; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Munsee Indians; Seth, Cornelius C.; Travel; Wisconsin; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory

Authors: Seth, Cornelius C.

Letter, LBA [Lucy B. Armstrong] to Dear Sir [Mordecai Bartley]
January 11, 1858
Lucy Armstrong wrote from Wyandotte, Kansas Territory, to her attorney, Mordecai Bartley, regarding her lawsuit against the U.S. government on behalf of the Munsee Indians. Lucy described a situation in which the survival of the Munsee tribe was threatened by disease and invasion by Missourians. She enclosed with this letter copies of Cornelius Seth's testimony and other documents related to the lawsuit. Armstrong also described 5 agreements made since 1805 by which the Munsee Indians should have received benefits.

Keywords: Armstrong, John M.; Bartley, Mordecai; Indian lands; Indian treaties; Legal documents; McLaughlin, William; Munsee Indians; Seth, Cornelius C.

Authors: Armstrong, Lucy B.

Letter, Lucy B. Armstrong to Wm Brindell
March 8, 1858
Lucy Armstrong wrote from Wyandotte, Kansas Territory, to Gen. William Brindle at the Land Office in Lecompton, regarding her request for land entitled to her as the widow of John M. Armstrong. Armstrong listed the number of documents she had sent to the Land Office in order to prove herself an heir of John M. of the Wyandot nation, which would show her entitlement to a "float". She had not seen any action on the matter, and wanted to secure a land claim in the Shawnee lands before they were all spoken by white settlers. Armstrong expressed great distress over this matter, having fought to claim her land entitlement for over a year.

Keywords: Armstrong, John M.; Armstrong, Lucy B.; Brindle, William; Indian lands; Indian treaties; Shawnee Indian Reserve; United States. General Land Office; Wyandot Indians

Authors: Armstrong, Lucy B.

Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
May 9, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott, regarding recent events, which were "unfathomably deep in the waters of territorial trouble". He described the movement of armed men towards Lawrence, a mix of U.S. troops and militiamen from Missouri. Marcus also referred to the current situations of Robinson, Reeder, Lane, and other men who were to play important roles in the imminent Sack of Lawrence. Despite these threats, Marcus still commented on his own economic situation and again asked for money from his brother and father.

Keywords: Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Neosho, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Real estate investment; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Telegraph; Town development

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
May 11, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory to his brother, Edwin Parrott, updating him on the situation in K.T. in the days leading up to the Sack of Lawrence. Marcus told him of attempts to arrest both Andrew Reeder and Charles Robinson, and how Reeder claimed that he was privileged from arrest. He also discussed the movement of the troops and his plans to visit Neosho in the coming few days, provided that the political tensions subside.

Keywords: Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Missouri River; Neosho River, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Sumner, Edwin Vose, 1835-1912

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
May 15, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote to his brother, Edwin Parrott, from Leavenworth, K.T. He told Edwin that the border ruffians had made their first move into Lawrence the night before, defeating the "Lawrence party". Marcus added that morale in the town was exceptionally low after the departure of both Reeder and Robinson, and believed that the two men, plus the editors of the "Herald of Freedom" and the "Kansas Free State" were imprisoned. He also believed that, this victory gone to the border ruffians, with the support of Governor Shannon, the free soilers would be cleansed from the area.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Buford expedition; Free soil; Miller, Josiah; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Platte County, Missouri; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sumner, Edwin Vose, 1835-1912

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Letter, [Marc Parrott] to Dr. Edd [Edwin Parrott]
c. 1859
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott, of Ohio. Marcus inquired about the "mixed politics" he had heard about in Ohio. He also remarked that he anticipated being a candidate for Congress, and expressed his interest in visiting Pike's Peak. Marcus added that he would leave the following morning for Wyandotte in order to attend the Constitutional Convention there, and projected that there would be trouble since the Republicans held a heavy majority.

Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Free State Party; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; National politics; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pikes Peak, Kansas Territory; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Letter, Wm Taylor to S. S. Cox
July 31, 1859
William Taylor wrote to S. S. Cox regarding his impressions of the Wyandotte Constitution, which had been recently submitted to Congress. He then added details praising the peace and fertility of the land in Kansas Territory. Taylor concluded by supposing "that there will not any disturbance"caused by the border ruffians in the Territory.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Cox, S.S.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Landscape; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Taylor, William; Women Suffrage; Womens rights; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859

Authors: Taylor, William

Letter, C. Robinson to My Dear S. [Sara Robinson]
May 29, 1856
Charles Robinson wrote to his wife, Sara Robinson, his first letter during his detention, which would last until Sept 10, 1856. He reported to her that so far he had been treated like a gentleman, and that his quarters were comfortable and would also accommodate her, if she would like to join him. Robinson also expressed regret at the destruction of their home during the sack of Lawrence.

Keywords: Free state perspective; Prisoners; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Treason

Authors: Robinson, Charles

Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Father [Thomas Parrott]
July 20, 1857
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his father, Thomas Parrott. Marcus began by telling him of new land sales near Paola, Kansas Territory, the extreme heat they had been having lately, and news about family friends. He spoke about a recent proclamation given by Governor Walker, who had set up camp near Lawrence, which condemned the municipal government in that city as unauthorized. Marcus added that the Free State Convention in Topeka had delegated him as their representative to Congress; he had accepted, despite worries that his private business would suffer because of the appointment.

Keywords: Free state activities; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Paola, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Parrott, Thomas; Railroads; Territorial politics; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869; Weather

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Letter, R. G. Elliot to Dear Sister
May 8, 1857
Robert Elliott, former publisher of the Kansas Free State newspaper in Lawrence along with Josiah Miller, wrote to his sister from Delaware, Kansas Territory. Elliott told her that last season the area had been the site of "ruffian outrages," but since this time it had evolved into a thriving area with a large population of free state men, whose presence raised property values. The town was not without its share of "bloated ruffians" or stray dogs, however. Elliott also mentioned that a couple of proslavery men had even subscribed to his newspaper, though he did not intend to change the "character" of the paper, which continued to favor the free state cause.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Elliott, Robert G.; Free state supporters; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Real estate investment; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856

Authors: Elliott, Robert G.

Circular, Delaware City, Kansas Territory
c. 1857
This circular, authored by the Delaware City Town Company, advertised the Company's purchase of Delaware and their intention to develop it. This circular stated that freight would be shipped more cheaply from Delaware City to Lawrence than from any other point on the Missouri River.

Keywords: Circulars; Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Emery, James Stanley; Freight and freightage; Harington, S.C.; Hutchinson, J.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Prentiss, S.B.; Town companies

Authors: Prentiss, S.B., et al.

Quit-Claim Deed for Charles and Sarah Robinson
June 24, 1857
By this Quit-Claim Deed, Charles and Sarah Robinson relinquished ownership of a section of their property in Leavenworth County to Edward Babb of Cincinnati, Ohio.

Keywords: Babb, Edward; Bassett, O. A. (Owen Abbot); Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Real estate transactions; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Smith, Samuel C.

Authors: Bassett, Owen A.

Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
November 11, 1859
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott. Marcus, up for reelection as delegate to Congress and anxious to receive the voter returns, shared his feelings with his brother. He mentioned a problem in Pikes Peak that was delaying the results, and advised Edwin that he should look for him in Ohio in two weeks. Marcus also suggested that Edwin accompany him to Washington, stating "it would be good training ground for the Ohio Legislature".

Keywords: Election fraud; Elections; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ohio; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Senate Miscellaneous Documents, 34th Congress, 1st and 2nd sessions Document No. 32, Three Memorials of the Citizens of . . .Leavenworth County. . .Praying the immediate admission of Kansas Territory into the Union as a State
March 24, 1856
These "memorials" presented by various citizens or Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory, to the United States Congress and referred by them to the Committee on Territories, were written in a petition style, with the names of supporters signed at their conclusion, and requested the immediate admission of Kansas Territory to the Union under the Constitution framed by the Topeka Legislature. Following the three memorials is a copy of the proposed Constitution, as approved by James Lane and Joel Goodin, respectively President and Secretary of the Topeka Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Election fraud; Foster, Charles A.; Free state activities; Goodin, Joel Kishler; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Smith, Samuel C.; Topeka Constitution; United States. Congress. Senate

Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879

Report of the Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools
December 31, 1859
This printed report was submitted to the Kansas Territorial Legislature by Gov. Medary on January 4, 1860. S. W. Greer, the Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools reported that fifteen counties had submitted reports and schools were taught in 136 districts comprising 7,029 children. He reported on how he visited school districts and included some information on various types of schools in the state. He wrote that the pay for the superintendent was inadequate, due to the value of territorial scrip being worth 30 cents on the dollor. He indicated that he had to use $500 of his own funds in the past year. He wrote about the need to establish normal schools (for training teachers) and to hold teachers' institutes. He wanted to increase the standards for teacher qualifications. He also discussed various aspects of educational methodologies of the period. He included short reports from the following counties: Douglas, Anderson, Jackson, Nemaha, and Osage as well as some statistics from all organized counties. This report was taken from the Journal of the House of Representatives, Kansas Territory, 1859, pages 34 through 82.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Community life; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Greer, Samuel Wiley; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Kansas Territory. Legislature; Native Americans; Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Osage County, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Superintendent of Public Instruction

Authors: Greer, Samuel W

Broadside, "To the People of Leavenworth County"
1857
A printed announcement "To the People of Leavenworth County" nominating delegates to attend, most likely, the Lecompton Constitutional Convention. According to the letter, the candidates named would support that the clause that included the slavery question be put to the people of Kansas Territory for their vote.

Keywords: Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitutional Convention, September 1857; Nominations for office; Popular sovereignty; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869

Authors: Greer, Samuel W

Barclay's Business Directory of Leavenworth for 1859
1859
In addition to a listing of businesses and advertisements, the directory included the elected officials for the city of Leavenworth for 1858-59 and the newspapers published in Leavenworth. A few women are listed as owners of businesses. The information for the directory was compiled by Allen Pierse.

Keywords: Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pierse, Allen; Retail businesses; Town development; Women

Authors: Pierse, Allen

Leavenworth City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
1859
In addition to advertisements, and information about various civic institutions in Leavenworth, this city directory also contained an historical sketch of the city attributed to H. Miles Moore, one of Leavenworth's early settlers. Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials and community institutions. The volume contained a number of ads for businesses in St. Louis, Missouri. The item referenced a map that was supposed to serve as a street guide but it was not contained in the KSHS copy of this item.

Keywords: Advertisements; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Retail businesses; St. Louis, Missouri; Town development; Women

Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy

J.W.H. Golden Rifle
1862
Rifle made by J.W.H. Golden while superintendent of the Fort Leavenworth Arsenal, 1862. Golden settled in Leavenworth in October, 1854 and was shot by border ruffians near Tonganoxie on September 6, 1856. The bullet remained in his throat until his death in 1894.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Firearms; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Golden, J.W.H.; Guns; Objects; Weapons (see also Guns)

Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy

Lombard Banner
1858
Students of Lombard College at Galesburg, Illinois, presented this banner to Abraham Lincoln on October 7, 1858. Lincoln's fifth debate with Stephen A. Douglas was held at Galesburg that evening. Lincoln later presented the banner to Mark W. Delahay of Leavenworth, who was related to Lincoln by marriage. Delahay used the banner in the 1860 presidential election.

Keywords: Delahay, Mark W.; Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1861; Election, Presidential, 1860; Elections; Flags and banners; Illinois; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Lombard College; Objects

Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy

Territorial Census, 1855, District 16
January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 16, the place of election was the house of Keller & Kyle, in Leavenworth City. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Sixteenth District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Salt Creek; thence up said creek to the Military road; thence along the middle of said road to the lower crossing of Stranger Creek; thence up said creek to the line of the late Kickapoo reservation, and thence along the said line to the Thirteenth District, and thence by the same along a line corresponding to the courses of Stranger Creek, and keeping three miles west thereof, the Kansas River; thence down the Kansas River to the Missouri River to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Census; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth City; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leib, Charles; Moravian Mission; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory

Authors: Leib, Charles

Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
1859
William H. P. Bristow operated a store in Easton and on September 15-16, 1856, the items listed in his claim (#183) were taken by a Lindsay Greeming who was in a territorial militia company commanded by H. C. Dunn. The claim provided a very detailed list of fabric and clothing that was taken from Mr. Bristow's store. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Bristow, William H. P.; Damage claims; Dunn, H. C.; Easton, Kansas Territory; Fabric shops; Greeming, Lindsay; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Retail businesses; Strickler, Hiram Jackson

Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson

Notice, Land Office, Kickapoo, K.T.
June 12, 1858
Issued by John W. Whitfield, land office register and former proslavery territorial delegate to Congress, on June 12, 1858, this one-page notice informed Sol Miller of a counter claim made against some preemption land in which Miller (referred to as "an adverse claimant") apparently held an interest. The notice was also signed by Daniel Woodson, receiver, who had served as the first secretary of the territory of Kansas and on several occasions in 1855 and 1856 as acting governor.

Keywords: Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Miller, Solomon (Sol); Preemption law United States; United States. General Land Office; Whitfield, John W. (John Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879; Woodson, Daniel

Authors: Whitfield, John W. (Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879; Woodson, Daniel

Statement, William H. Goode for Bluemont College
March 19, 1860
Isaac Goodnow obtained this written endorsement of Bluemont College from William H. Goode, which emphasized both the need that Manhattan had for the College and the beneficial influence it would have on the community. Perhaps this support was solicited in response to William R. Clark's letter of February 29, in which he refused to act as financial officer for the College partly because he believed the area had no need for such an institution.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Goode, William H.; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Universities and colleges

Authors: Goode, William H.

Letter, A. C. Morton to Mr. Hill
October 30, 1858
Albert Morton wrote from Leavenworth City, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton had "given up living in Quindaro" and planned to settle in Leavenworth City. Recently ill, he had left Quindaro along with many settlers and business owners. Morton reported that Abelard Guthrie continued to be optimistic about Quindaro's prospects for survival, but he remained skeptical. If Hill still planned to visit Quindaro in the spring, Morton would meet him there.

Keywords: Economic conditions; Emigration and immigration; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment

Authors: Morton, Albert C.

Muster Roll, Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box, Leavenworth County
1857
The Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box were free state supporters who were determined to see that fair elections were held in Kansas. James Lane was appointed to organize companies throughout the territory. General Order No. 1, found on this site, included instructions for listing the members of each company. This muster roll was prepared as a result of that order. This company was recruited from the city of Leavenworth. The muster roll listed the officers and enlisted men, their age, place of birth, where from to Kansas, and Kansas residence. All of the members are from Leavenworth and their ages range from 22 to 38. The captain was William Kempf. With the exception of the 1st Lieutenant Joseph Mrosowsky who was born in Poland, all of the members of the company were born in Germany though they had lived various places before coming to Kansas.

Keywords: Election fraud; Elections; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Free state supporters; Germans; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Kempf, William; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth City; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Militia; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections)

Authors: Morton, Albert C.

Muster Roll, Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box, Leavenworth County
1857
The Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box were free state supporters who were determined to see that fair elections were held in Kansas. James Lane was appointed to organize companies throughout the territory. General Order No. 1, found on this site, included instructions for listing the members of each company. This muster roll was prepared as a result of that order. This company was recruited in Leavenworth County from the areas of Walnut Creek and Fall Creek. The muster roll listed the officers and enlisted men, their age, place of birth, where from to Kansas, and Kansas residence. This muster roll also included information under remarks about whether or not the members had weapons. All of the members are from Leavenworth County and their ages range from 18 to 66. The captain was Horace L Dunlap. This muster roll lits two free state men who, according to Captain Dunlap, refused to enroll.

Keywords: Dunlap, Horace L.; Election fraud; Elections; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Free state supporters; Guns; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Militia; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections); Weapons (see also Guns)

Authors: Morton, Albert C.

Letter, Albert C. Morton to Mr. Hill
January 8, 1859
Albert Morton wrote from Leavenworth City, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton reported that there was "a good deal of excitement out for Pikes Peak" and many Leavenworth citizens spoke of traveling there to dig for gold the following spring. His investments were not earning him much money, and he expressed his desire to sell land in order to pay what he owed to Hill and Abelard Guthrie.

Keywords: Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Morton, Albert C.; Pikes Peak gold rush; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies

Authors: Guthrie, Abelard

Muster Roll, Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box, Leavenworth County
1857
The Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballott Box were free state supporters who were determined to see that fair elections were held in Kansas. James Lane was appointed to organize companies throughout the territory. General Order No. 1, found on this site, included instructions for listing the members of each company. This muster roll was prepared as a result of that order. This company was recruited in Leavenworth County from Delaware City. The muster roll listed the officers and enlisted men, their age, place of birth, where from to Kansas, and Kansas residence. The ages of company members range from 18 to 54. The captain was A. Cutter.

Keywords: Cutter, A.; Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Election fraud; Elections; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Free state supporters; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Militia; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections)

Authors: Guthrie, Abelard

Photograph, Henry Miles Moore
c. 1855
A portrait of Henry Miles Moore. He was a member of the Leavenworth Town Company, a representative to the Free-State Conventions at Topeka and Grasshopper Falls, 1857, and a member of the 1857 Territorial Legislature. At the Democratic Convention held in Atchison, March, 1860, Moore was appointed a delegate to the Charleston National Convention.

Keywords: Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Photographs and Illustrations; Tintypes

Authors: Guthrie, Abelard

Letter, I. T. Goodnow to Friend Sherman
April 1 & 3, 1858
Isaac Goodnow wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to a friend, expressing his excitement and support for the Leavenworth Constitution. The status of the Lecompton Constitution was currently being debated in Congress, but Goodnow predicted its "destruction". Goodnow described the events of the Constitutional Convention, which had first convened in Minneola, but had been removed to Leavenworth. He stated that the finished constitution was" the best Constitution in existence", and remarked at James Lane's leading role in its development.

Keywords: Conway, Martin Franklin; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Minneola, Kansas Territory; Prohibition; Topeka Constitution

Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894

Leavenworth Constitution as published in D.W. Wilder's, The Annals of Kansas (1886)
April 3, 1858
The Leavenworth Constitution was the most radical of the four constitutions drafted for Kansas Territory. The Bill of Rights refers to "all men" and prohibited slavery from the state. The word "white" did not appear in the proposed document and therefore would not have excluded free blacks from the state. Article XVI, Section 3 (p. 227) directed the general assembly to provide some protection for the rights of women. The Leavenworth Constitution was ratified on May 18, 1858 but the U.S. Senate did not act to approve the document.

Keywords: African Americans; Constitutional conventions; Constitutions; Conway, Martin Franklin; Free state activities; Leavenworth Constitution; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Womens rights

Authors: Leavenworth Constitutional Convention

Daniel Mulford Valentine Diary
January 01, 1859-December 31, 1859
Daniel Mulford Valentine, a 28-year-old lawyer and surveyor, moved to Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, from Fontanelle, Iowa, in mid 1859. Although many of Valentine's daily entries simply record the weather and/or the fact that he spent the day "loafing" or "reading," the diary also details the daily routines of a frontier lawyer and includes a few extraordinary observations on the political happenings of the day. Valentine recorded information about Kansas elections and local politics, and he offered assessments of many of the territory's leaders. Of most interest, however, are of his impressions of Abraham Lincoln, the Illinois lawyer and politician, who visited Leavenworth in early December 1859 to deliver the last two speeches of his brief Kansas tour. In later years, Daniel M. Valentine became a well-known Kansas jurist, ultimately serving for twenty-fours years on the Kansas Supreme Court.

Keywords: Diaries; Elections; Iowa; Lawyers; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Political parties; Valentine, Daniel Mulford

Authors: Valentine, Daniel Mulford, 1830-1907

Leavenworth Constitution (manuscript version)
April 3, 1858
The Leavenworth Constitution was the most radical of the four constitutions drafted for Kansas Territory. The Bill of Rights refers to "all men" and prohibited slavery from the state. The word "white" did not appear in the proposed document and therefore would not have excluded free blacks from the state. Article XVI, Section 3 directed the general assembly to provide some protection for the rights of women. The Leavenworth Constitution was ratified on May 18, 1858 but the U.S. Senate did not act to approve the document.

Keywords: African Americans; Constitutional conventions; Constitutions; Conway, Martin Franklin; Free state activities; Leavenworth Constitution; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Womens rights

Authors: Leavenworth Constitutional Convention

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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