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Territorial Politics and Government > Territorial Politics > Republican Party
9 Topic Specific Items
Letter, J. P. Root to Hon. Charles Robinson
Author: Root, Joseph Pomeroy
Date: January 17, 1859

Joseph Root wrote to Charles Robinson from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, informing him of a development that was splitting the Republican (anti-slavery) Party. Root mentioned that a large majority of the free state House members had begun to call themselves "Radicals," or extreme Republicans. He stated that he would leave the party if, in order to be a Republican, he had to be a member of the "Jim Lane Montgomery Men." Root also informed Robinson that a court had been established in Lawrence in order to try violent offenders from Linn, Lykins, and Bourbon counties.

Keywords: Courts; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free State Party; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Roberts, William Young; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Smith, Samuel C.

Letter, M. F. Conway to My dear friend [George L. Stearns]
Author: Conway, Martin Franklin
Date: March 16, 1859

Most of this letter from Conway to George Stearns, Boston, was directed at the securing of a loan for a seemingly unstated investment opportunity, but Conway mentioned in closing that "We are about to organize a square Republican Party in Kansas."

Keywords: Conway, Martin Franklin; Finance; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Nute, Ephraim; Osawatomie convention; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Whitman, E. B.

Letter, E. B. Whitman to Geo. L. Stearns Esq.
Author: Whitman, E. B.
Date: March 1859

Here Whitman wrote about his support on behalf of the National Kansas Committee of several activities: Dr. Doy's defense, John Brown (despite the fact that he had obtained additional funds "under false pretences"), and the organization of the Republican Party which was to be undertaken at convention in Osawatomie later that spring. Whitman feared that without some effort "the genuine standard Republicans" would fail to control the movement. He also mentioned an "unfortunate" altercation between Martin Conway and Charles Robinson on the streets of Lawrence.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Conway, Martin Franklin; Factionalism; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Osawatomie convention; Railroad land grants; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Whitman, E. B.

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [G. W. Brown]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: April 13, 1859

With regard to the formation of the Republican Party at the forthcoming Osawatomie convention, Ewing told George W. Brown, editor of Lawrence's Herald of Freedom, why he believed this was the right course for the "opposition" to take at this time. The Free State Party had, in his opinion, accomplished its objectives, and the Democratic Party contained a proslave faction and was affiliated with the administration. Ewing's objective was "to secure an organization of the Republican or opposition party at Osawattomie [sic], on a just and rational platform, and led by honest & conservative men."

Keywords: Big Springs Convention; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Democratic Party (U.S.); Free State Party; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Osawatomie convention; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Proslavery; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [J. M. Winchell]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: April 13, 1859

This letter from Ewing in Leavenworth to James M. Winchell at "Wyandott" addressed a question regarding real estate in the latter's city and the upcoming Osawatomie convention for the founding of the Republican Party in Kansas. Ewing believed the "opposition" would "have no difficulty in carrying the county: but if the party is badly managed at Osawattomie [sic], & at subsequent conventions, our county is surely gone and probably the Territory."

Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Real estate; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory

Letter, H. [Henry] Wilson to Dear [Charles] Robinson
Author: Wilson, Henry , 1812-1875
Date: August 15, 1859

The senator from Natick, Mass., wrote to express to Robinson in Lawrence his and his friend's anxiety "about your new state." Wilson believed it a mistake for Kansas to have organized the Republican Party before gaining admission to the Union, but now that that had been done, "Don't for God's sake let the Democrats carry it."

Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Congress; Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875

Letter, T. H. Webb to Friend [Martin F.] Conway
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: September 9, 1859

Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb reported that someone was spreading damaging rumors in Boston about Conway operating "grogeries" during a recent political event (probably the August 1859 Republican Convention in Lawrence, Kansas Territory). Webb commented that he had told people who were concerned about the rumors to take the accusations with a grain of salt ("cum grano salis").

Keywords: Alcoholic beverages; Bars (Drinking establishments); Conway, Martin Franklin; Political conventions; Temperance movement; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, J. F. Newton to S. N. Wood
Author: Newton, J. F.
Date: October 13, 1859

In this letter from Emporia, Newton complimented a Wood article on Emporia that gave "hell" to the local Republicans and encouraged Wood to do it again in the next issue of his newspaper. Factionalism was dividing the local party, and Newton mentioned several locals, such as [Charles V.] Eskridge, by name. "O yes a majority of the Republican central committee and Democrats hurrah for old Breckinridge this shows what shrewd Republicans we have give them 'hell' in your next."

Keywords: Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Democratic Party (U.S.); Emporia, Kansas Territory; Eskridge, Charles V.; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Newspapers; Newton, J. F.; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [John Hanna]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 26, 1860

In this letter to a friend in Greencastle, Indiana, Ewing made numerous observations about the state of Kansas politics, of which he wrote: "Politics in Kansas you know are a business to those caught in the whirlpool." Ewing thought the state government was "pretty well officered" but was concerned about prospects for the senatorial contest. "Lane is nearly dead with the politicians. . . But he is a power with the people. . . . I look on Lane as a decidedly bad man," even though he recognized Lane's positive "service to the cause before the [Lawrence free-state] Convention in Decr 1857."

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Free state cause; Hanna, John; Journalism; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Congress. Senate; Vaughan, Champion

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