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Territorial Politics and Government > Territorial Politics > Lecompton Constitution ratification (Jan. 1858)
5 Topic Specific Items
Poll Book, Atchison, Lecompton Constitution
Author: Adams, Franklin G.
Date: January 4, 1858

On January 4, 1858, by act of the free-state territorial legislature, the voters of K. T. were given a second chance to vote on the Lecompton Constitution. This poll book lists the names of 319 individuals who voted "'against the Constitution framed at Lecompton' there being no votes given 'for the Constitution framed at Lecompton with slavery' and no votes given 'for the Constitution framed at Lecompton without slavery.'" The authenticity of the document was attested to by election judges, including F.G. Adams, and two clerks.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Eastin, Lucian J.; Elections; Free state legislature; Popular sovereignty; Slavery

Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. [Charles Robinson]
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 3, 1858

Amos Lawrence wrote to Charles Robinson from Boston, communicating his dismay at the allegedly fraudulent election procedures taken in order to get the Lecompton Constitution adopted. Lawrence advised that an end to the "agitators' " operations be achieved at once, before the pro-slavery Senators could be put under the protection of the Federal Government.

Keywords: Election fraud; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, January 1858; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894

Letter, H. F. Parker to Mr. Hiram Hill
Author: Parker, Henry F.
Date: February 3, 1858

Henry Parker wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Parker reported that money had been scarce that season, that the float of West Lawrence was still being investigated by Washington, and discussed town lot values related to the "float" status of the land. Parker also updated Hill on recent political events; the Legislature had convened and was discussing moving the Territorial capital. More significantly, a box of votes from the recent Lecompton Constitution election had been discovered under a woodpile, and the Legislature was busy making "stringent" laws to curb future acts of election fraud.

Keywords: Capitals (cities); Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Election fraud; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, January 1858; Hill, Hiram; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Parker, Henry F.; Real estate investment; Temperance movement; West Lawrence, Kansas Territory

Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: March 3, 1858

Amos Lawrence wrote from Boston to Charles Robinson in Kansas Territory, regarding questionable ratification of the Lecompton Constitution. Lawrence advised that the best course of action to take was to "rid the territory of all traitors to the popular right", though such action should take place only if it could "avoid open hostilities altogether."

Keywords: Election fraud; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, January 1858; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lecompton Constitution; National politics; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894

Remonstrance of the Constitution Convention against the passage of the Lecompton Constitution
Author: Winchell, James M., 1823-1877
Date: March 30, 1858

Letter written to the United States Congress which points out many reasons why Congress should not accept the Lecompton Constitution.

Keywords: Congress (See United States. Congress); Emery, James Stanley; Foster, Charles A.; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Lecompton Constitution; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; United States. Congress; Walden, John Morgan; Winchell, J. M.

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Letter, Will [James W. Denver] to My Dear Wife
Authors: Denver, James William, 1817-1892
Date:  January 4, 1858
James W. Denver, governor of Kansas Territory, wrote from Lecompton, Kansas Territory to his wife. Denver mentioned the January 4, 1858 election on the Lecompton Constitution. He described the tendency of Kansas Territory residents to exaggerate claims of violence, his general dislike of Kansas, and his desire to leave the territory as soon as possible.

Keywords: Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Denver, Louisa; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, January 1858; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Propaganda


Letter, Sara [Robinson] to My Dear Sister
Authors: Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911
Date:  January 5, 1858
Sara Robinson wrote to her sister from Lawrence, describing her home and lifestyle. Robinson named many friends and guests who had visited and/or boarded at her home. She made reference to the election occurring the day before, which would determine whether or not the Lecompton Constitution was ratified, and reiterated her support for the Free State cause.

Keywords: Daily life; Domestics; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, January 1858; Free state perspective; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Topeka Legislature (see Free state legislature); Weather


Report on the result of the vote of Dec. 21, 1857 and Jan. 4, 1858 including proclamation on the official vote by acting Gov. Denver, Jan. 14, 1858
Authors: Babcock, Carmi William; Deitzler, George W.; Denver, James William, 1817-1892
Date:  January 14, 1858


Keywords: Babcock, Carmi William; Deitzler, George W.; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, December 1857; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, January 1858; Elections; Lecompton Constitution


Report of the President of the Council and Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Territory of Kansas, on the result of the vote of December 21st for the Lecompton Constitution, and on the result of the election of Januray 4th under said Constitution.
Authors: Babcock, Carmi William; Deitzler, George W.; Denver, James William, 1817-1892
Date:  January 14, 1858
This printed document reported the votes on the Lecompton Constitution from elections held on December 21, 1857, and January 4, 1858. It was prepared by G. W. Deitzler, Speaker of the House and C. W. Babcock, president of the Council of the territorial legislature. The vote showed a majority of 5,574 for the constitution with slavery but 3,012 of those votes came from areas the authors felt were sparsely settled and thus indicated fraudulent votes. The same charges of fraud applied to the election for state officials, though the free state candidates claimed a small majority in all races. The results of the vote on the Lecompton Constitution on January 4, 1858, showed a majority of 10,000 against the Lecompton Constitution as presented in a proclamation from J. W. Denver, Secretary and Acting Governor.

Keywords: Babcock, Carmi William; Deitzler, George W.; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Election fraud; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, December 1857; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, January 1858; Elections; Free state activities; Free state supporters; Lecompton Constitution; Proslavery activities; Proslavery supporters


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. [Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date:  February 3, 1858
Amos Lawrence wrote to Charles Robinson from Boston, communicating his dismay at the allegedly fraudulent election procedures taken in order to get the Lecompton Constitution adopted. Lawrence advised that an end to the "agitators' " operations be achieved at once, before the pro-slavery Senators could be put under the protection of the Federal Government.

Keywords: Election fraud; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, January 1858; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


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