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Personalities > Charles Robinson
38 Topic Specific Items
Letter, Sarah [presumably Sarah T. D. Lawrence] to My Dear Mrs. [William B.] Stowe
Author: Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911
Date: January 9 1851

This letter, written by Sarah [presumably would be Sarah T.D. Lawrence, Charles Robinson's future wife] from Belchertown, MA, to Mrs. William B. Stowe, in West Brookfield, MA, contains excerpts of a letter written by Charles Robinson to Sarah. Robinson described his conditions of imprisonment in California (where he had traveled prior to settling in Kansas); he had been jailed for supporting squatter's rights and anti-slavery causes. He makes reference to a Dr. J.G. Holland, who had been a friend and colleague of his at home in Massachusetts.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; California; Massachusetts; National politics; Prisoners; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Squatter sovereignty

Sheet Music, Gov. Robinson's Polka
Author: Whitney, Andrew
Date: 1856

This is a copy of sheet music for a song played by the Fitchburg, Massachusetts Cornet Band. It was written by Andrew Whitney and " respectfully dedicated to his friend," Charles Robinson.

Keywords: Entertainment; Fitchburg, Massachusetts; Music; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Songs; Whitney, Andrew

Letter, A. A. Lawrence to My dear Sir [Charles Robinson]
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: January 31, 1856

From Boston, January 31, 1856, Amos Lawrence wrote to advise his friend Charles Robinson submit to the authority of recognized officers of the U.S. government, no matter how unjust their actions appeared. He suggested that Robinson follow the "Fabian policy" of non-violent, peaceful resistance, and do what he could to discourage "all aggression" on the part of free-state men.

Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Free state cause; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; Pierce administration; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Slave power; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement)

Letter, G. P. Lowrey to Dear Madam [Sarah Robinson]
Author: Lowrey, G.P. (Grosvenor P.)
Date: May 24, 1856

Grosvenor Lowrey, having recently gone into hiding near Hudson, Michigan, wrote to Sarah Robinson, Charles Robinson's wife. Lowrey told her of her husband's arrest which, as he reported, was for "conniving the assault against Jones" (Sheriff Jones) instead of under charges of high treason. Lowrey offered himself in service to both of the Robinsons, available upon their request.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Jenkins, Gaius; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Lowrey, G.P. (Grosvenor P.); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856

Letter, S. P. Hanscom to Mrs. Sara T. D. Robinson
Author: Hanscom, S. P.
Date: May 25, 1856

On Sunday, May 25, 1856, "at the request of Gov. Robinson," S. P. Hanscom wrote Sara Robinson to assure her that her "esteemed and gallant husband" was well. This remarkably detailed letter describes the governor's captivity, the bogus charges filed against him, and circumstances that brought him to Leavenworth. Hanscom found that Robinson was receiving many visitors, including Congressman William A. Howard, chair of the congressional committee investigating Kansas troubles.

Keywords: Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Bogus laws; Border ruffians; Brown, John, Jr.; Free state cause; Hanscom, S. P.; Howard Committee (see also Congressional Report 200); Howard, William Alanson; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Martin, John W.; Preston, Colonel; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Stringfellow, John H.; Sumner, Edwin Vose, 1835-1912; Treason; Westport, Missouri

Letter, M. S. Cecilia Sherman To Mrs. [Sara] Robinson
Author: Sherman, Margaret S. C.
Date: May 25, 1856

Margaret Sarah Cecilia (Mrs. John) Sherman wrote Sara Robinson on May 25, 1856, regarding Governor Robinson's captivity to date. He had been arrested on May 10 at Lexington, Missouri, and subsequently returned to the territory. At this time he was being held in Leavenworth, where Sherman and many other of Robinson's friends had the opportunity to visit with him, and Sherman was able to attest to his good treatment. She makes interesting, favorable reference to Robinson's stay in Lexington and to "Captain [John W.] Martin of the Kickapoo rangers," who "seemed to have charge" of the governor in Leavenworth. (Congressman John Sherman of Ohio was the brother of William T. Sherman, later of Leavenworth, and a member of the Howard Committee, investigating the Kansas affair.)

Keywords: Damage claims; Free state cause; Howard Committee (see also Congressional Report 200); Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lexington, Missouri; Martin, John W.; Preston, Colonel; Proslavery activities; Proslavery supporters; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Sherman, John, 1823-1900

Letter, C. Robinson to My Dear S. [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: May 29, 1856

Charles Robinson wrote to his wife, Sara Robinson, his first letter during his detention, which would last until Sept 10, 1856. He reported to her that so far he had been treated like a gentleman, and that his quarters were comfortable and would also accommodate her, if she would like to join him. Robinson also expressed regret at the destruction of their home during the sack of Lawrence.

Keywords: Free state perspective; Prisoners; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Treason

Photograph, Charles Robinson and Deputy
Author: No authors specified.
Date: May 1856

Portrait of Charles Robinson, free state leader, under arrest by a Deputy, in May 1856. Robinson was arrested in Lexington, Missouri, with his wife, Sarah, as they traveled East. He was taken to Westport, the proslavery camp near Lawrence, back to Kansas City, to Leavenworth, and then to Lecompton. Robinson was arrested on charges of treason, and was held prisoner four months before being released on bail.

Keywords: Free state activities; Prisoners; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894

Handbill advertizement for Concert in Honor of Governor Charles Robinson
Author: Willey, Prof. G.F.
Date: June 5, 1856

This handbill advertised a concert of the Glee Class and Fitchburg Cornet Band, given "in honor of His Excellency Charles Robinson, Governor of Kansas." Each person in attendance would receive an original piece of music composed by Andrew Whitney, entitled "Gov. Robinson's Polka," in honor of Gov. Robinson.

Keywords: Entertainment; Fitchburg, Massachusetts; Free state government; Massachusetts; Music; National politics; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Whitney, Andrew

Letter, [Amos A. Lawrence] to My Dear Madame [ Sara T. D. Robinson]
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: June 26, 1856

From New York, Amos Lawrence wrote that he believed "Gov. Robinson cannot be harmed by any action of law" but thought it wise for Sara Robinson to write "a letter to my mother" "to be kept in reserve." (See, doc. #101115, draft letter) Lawrence mentioned visits with Congressmen William Howard and John Sherman (Howard Commission) and testimony before a congressional committee, and seemed optimistic about the situation in Kansas. [Reprinted in Blackmar, Life of Charles Robinson, 434.]

Keywords: Howard Committee (see also Congressional Report 200); Howard, William Alanson; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Sherman, John, 1823-1900

Letter, Eli Thayer to Mr. [Charles] Robinson
Author: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: August 5, 1856

From Worcester, Mass., on August 5, 1856, the founder of the Emigrant Aid Company wrote Charles Robinson's "brother" about "certain efforts to injure the reputation of your brother" whom Thayer called "heroic." He mentions the Buffalo convention and the shipment of weapons to KT, but the main objective was to reassure the governor via his "brother" that he had not been forgotten and that Thayer would remain his champion in the East.

Keywords: Free state activities; Free state government; Guns; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Weapons (see also Guns); Worcester, Massachusetts

Charles Robinson to Messrs. Allen, Blood, Hutchinson and others
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: August 16, 1856

Charles Robinson was writing from Camp Sackett, near Lecompton, Kansas Territory, where he was being held prisoner on treason charges. He wrote to encourage free state supporters to negotiate with pro-slavery forces in order to defuse tensions in northeast Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Antislavery; Camp Sackett, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Treason

Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: September 29, 1856

Again from Lawrence, Charles Robinson wrote to his wife was traveling east via Chicago. After kidding her about how well-known she was becoming, he commented unfavorably on Governor John W. Geary, who "thinks he is awful smart & is getting rediculous fast." Robinson also mentioned the forthcoming legislative election (October 6, 1856)--"We shall not vote."

Keywords: Elections; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Prisoners; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara Tappan Doolittle (see Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911)

Account Book, 1856-57
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 1856 - April 1857

This cloth bound journal, identified as "Dr. Chas Robinson Account Book, 1856-1866," contains territorial entries for 1856 and 1857 only--entries such as, "S. W. Simpson To Joel Walker For Draft (for the purchase of land)" for $500 and "Notes Receivable // To Sales of Stock // For Thaddeus Hyatt's Note . . . The understanding is that Hyatt shall not receive his certificate for shares until he has put on the Kaw River a Steamboat of 40 tons buthen, worth $5000., and suitable to navigating the Kaw River."

Keywords: Account books; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Financial statements; Grover, Joel; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Steamboats; Walker, Joel; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory

Quit-Claim Deed and Bond for Henry Campbell and H.M. Simpson to C. Robinson
Author: Campbell, Henry ; Simpson, H.M
Date: 13 February 1857

Quit-Claim Deed for Henry Campbell and H.M. Simpson, passing ownership of part of a lot on Massachusetts street on to Charles Robinson.

Keywords: Campbell, Henry; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Legal documents; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, H.M

Letter, C. [Charles] Robinson to Rev. E. E. [Edward Everett] Hale
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: April 7, 1857

Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Robinson complained about the lack of respect he had received from New England Emigrant Aid Company leaders. He was particularly upset about criticisms of his financial ability. Robinson expressed anger at what he perceived as Eli Thayer's and the New England Emigrant Aid Company's opposition to the development of the town of Quindaro. Robinson included excerpts from a letter he received from James Redpath outlining Thayer's criticisms of Robinson's involvement with Quindaro.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899

Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: September 7, 1857

This very personal letter by Charles Robinson in Lawrence was written to his wife Sara Robinson, who was visiting family and friends back East. It briefly mentions the Quindaro land company business that was occupying some of Robinson's time and the fact that "political matters are comparatively quiet." Mainly, the "governor" just missed his wife and urged her to write soon and often.

Keywords: Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Wyandot Float

Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: September 13, 1857

This very personal letter from Charles Robinson in Lawrence to his wife Sara visiting back east touches on a number of things such as "keeping house on the hill," business and financial interests, and being "tired" of the turmoil in Kansas Territory, but mostly it expresses the husband's longing for the wife to return.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Domestics; Houses; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Panic of 1857; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911

Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: September 26, 1857

Charles Robinson wrote this letter to his wife upon his return to Lawrence from "a tour of ten days into the southern part of the Territory." This was a political trip, and the previous night he had been involved in another political meeting, but nevertheless, Robinson wished he "was fairly clear of political affairs, but do not see how I can get out of them at present." He also mentioned the forthcoming legislative election (October 1857) which he believed would be okay "unless there are great frauds."

Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911

Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: October 1, 1857

Another personal letter from a tired and somewhat discouraged Charles Robinson in Lawrence to his wife Sara, who is apparently about ready to rejoin her husband in Lawrence, as he discusses meeting her in St. Louis. Robinson made reference to business affairs, including those in Quindaro, and curiously suggests that he was "about ready to go with Mr. Grover to South America" because he was "getting sick of this turmoil & strife."

Keywords: Domestics; Physicians; Quindaro Town Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; St. Louis, Missouri

Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: October 3, 1857

From Lawrence, Charles Robinson wrote to Sara to finalize arrangements for meeting her in St. Louis later in the month, but he also mentioned a "Daniel Foster and Mr. Nute." The former was "mad with me & [Jim] Lane because he couldn't carry his policy in the Grasshopper Falls Convention."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Foster, Daniel; Grasshopper Falls Convention; Nute, Ephraim; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; St. Louis, Missouri

Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 19, 1857

Amos Lawrence wrote to Charles Robinson from Boston, praising him as a leader, "a lover of liberty and a lover of his country." Lawrence also communicated his happiness as a result of the recent election of the Territorial Legislature on October 6, 1857. However, he described the economic conditions of the country as being in a state of "financial derangement," and he hoped that Robinson would not be adversely affected by the staggering interest rates.

Keywords: Economic conditions; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Foster, Daniel; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894

Account Book, 1858-59
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: January 1858 - June 1859

This cloth bound journal, identified as "Account Book of Gov. Charles Robinson, January 1, 1858--June 15, 1872," began with an "Inventory of Property belonging to C. Robinson," land and shares, as well as a list of people to whom he owed money. The inventory referred to Lawrence property, a "Wyandotte Float," and shares in the towns of Topeka, Quindaro, etc.

Keywords: Account books; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Financial statements; Fitchburg, Massachusetts; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town companies; Wyandot Float; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory

Account Book, 1858-1872
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: March 1858

Charles Robinson's March 1858 "Account Book" entries included land deals involving James Blood and another with Alfred Gray of Quindaro.

Keywords: Account books; Blood, James; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Gray, Alfred; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory

Letter, Samuel C. [Smith] to "Dear Doctor" [C. Robinson]
Author: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: December 1, 1858

Samuel Smith, Robinson's attorney and associate in matters having to do especially with the Quindaro venture, wrote from Lawrence on December 1, 1858, about certain farm issues--presumably having to do with the governor's home and property in Douglas County--which he was managing during Robinson's absence (Robinson was in Washington, D.C.). Smith also wrote: "We formed another Board of Trade at Quindaro and shall probably have the Chindowan [newspaper] issued in two weeks."

Keywords: Agriculture; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Quindaro Chindowan; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad legislation; Railroad promotion; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Smith, Samuel C.; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Washington, D.C.

Letter, C. [Robinson] to My Dear S. [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 15, 1858

In the mostly personal note from Washington, D.C., Charles Robinson briefly mentioned the business ("Lawrence case") he had before "the Land Commission" and then complains about the infrequency of his correspondence from home.

Keywords: Indian lands; Land grants; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Washington, D.C.

Certificate, Funded Debt of Kansas Territory
Author: Kansas Territory, Legislature
Date: July 12, 1859

This certificate documented Charles Robinson's investment of $500 in Kansas Territorial Bonds. Signed by H.J. Strickler, Auditor, and S. Medary, Kansas Territorial Governor.

Keywords: Bonds; Finance; Kansas Territory. Auditor; Kansas Territory. Governor; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Strickler, Hiram Jackson

Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: January 20, 1860

Charles Robinson wrote several letters to his wife in Lawrence as he traveled East in January 1860. From the Astor House, New York, on January 20, he wrote that Congress was not yet in session and that everyone expected the Democrats to oppose Kansas admission. It was possible that Robinson could "be sent for as a witness in Harpers Ferry affair" (Congressional investigation/hearings).

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Harpers Ferry, Virginia; New York; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Statehood (see also Admission, Kansas); United States. Congress

Letter, C. Robinson to "Dear Madam" [Emma Willard]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: March 30, 1860

In response to Willard's letter of March 22, Robinson wrote from Quindaro that he was "gratified" to learn of her interest in Kansas history and that she was "disposed to examine for yourself the random thrusts of the press." Robinson went on to make some interesting observations regarding his interpretation of Kansas events and the importance of the various factions, free state and proslavery.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Free state cause; Kansas question; Law and Order Party; Lecompton Constitution; Millard, Emma; Proslavery; Proslavery supporters; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894

Letter, Emma Millard to Gov. [Charles] Robinson
Author: Millard, Emma
Date: March 22, 1860

Emma Millard [the annotation of "Willard" on the document is in error] of Troy, Kansas Territory was updating her "American histories down to the present time," and wanted the governor's take on some "historical" issues. She seems to have been especially concerned with some criticism Robinson had received recently regarding some of his own congressional testimony.

Keywords: Kansas history; Millard, Emma; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Congress

Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 19, 1860

On December 19, 1860, Charles Robinson again wrote to his wife from Washington, D.C., where he was lobbying members of Congress and other officials on behalf of Kansas and himself. Numerous Kansans, including Robinson, who conducting a vigorous campaign for appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, were seeking positions in the new administration. "Unless men lie beyond all comprehension," wrote Robinson the ultimately unsuccessful office seeker, "I don't see how I can fail of the appointment."

Keywords: Blair, Montgomery; Conway, Martin Franklin; Gray, Alfred; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Railroad land grants; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stevens, Robert S.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: January 11, 1861

From Lawrence, K.T., Robinson wrote his wife Sara, who was still in the East, concerning Jim Lane's efforts to destroy Robinson's influence. The governor was not too worried, however, and wrote that he could "by paying a little attention to the matter make him smell worse than ever. He and his friends are already beginning to falter in their course for fear that I will turn the tables on them which I can do with ease.

Keywords: Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Kansas Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lincoln administration; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; United States. Senate; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)

Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: January 19, 1861

Charles Robinson wrote his wife Sara again on January 19, 1861, from Lawrence, confident that things still looked good from him in Washington. Robinson mentioned numerous men of political influence who he believed would be supportive and thus insure his appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

Keywords: Eldridge House; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lincoln administration; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr.]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 20, 1861

As with the January 17 letter to his brother, Ewing, Jr., stressed the significance of Robinson's appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs in this letter to his father in Lancaster, Ohio. Ewing expressed high regard for Robinson's abilities and believed he had wide support, from virtually every "republican of note in Kansas save Jim: Lane."

Keywords: Civil war; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Lancaster, Ohio; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; New York, New York; Ohio; Presidential appointments; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; United States. Congress. Senate; Washington, D.C.

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Govr [Charles Robinson]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 24, 1861

This brief letter to Charles Robinson in Lawrence was to inform the "governor" of Ewing's activities on his behalf and to send him a copy of one of the half dozen or so letters Ewing had written in support of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs appointment. Letters reportedly went to Caleb B. Smith; John Sherman; Governors T. Corwin, William Dennison, and Salmon Chase; Joseph J. Coombs; and "Father," Thomas Ewing, Sr.

Keywords: Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873; Coombs, Joseph J.; Corwin, Thomas; Dennison, William, 1815-1882; Ewing, Faith; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Presidential appointments; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; Smith, Caleb B.; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; Washington, D.C.

Letter, Sol Miller to Gov. [Charles] Robinson
Author: Miller, Solomon
Date: February 28, 1861

Written less than a month after Kansas became a state, Miller comments on the developing political situation as a carry over from the territorial period, reflecting, for example, on the conflict between the governor and James H. Lane and the selection of U.S. senators for Kansas. Miller had supported Robinson in the past and was now seeking appointment to a particular "Agency," but he refused "sell" his support to anyone for such a position.

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Miller, Solomon (Sol); Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Patronage, political; Political corruption; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Senate (see Unites States. Congress. Senate); Smith, Samuel C.; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Congress. Senate

Photograph, Charles Robinson
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860

A portrait of Charles Robinson, a doctor and politician. He attended the first Free-State meeting held December 23, 1854, Lawrence. In 1855, Robinson attended the First Free-State Convention in Lawrence. Robinson and James H Lane were instrumental in negotiating a truce to end the Wakarusa War in December, 1855. On May 10, 1856, Robinson was arrested for treason and taken to Lecompton. Over a year later, he was acquitted at a trail before Judge Cato, at Lecompton. Robinson presided over the Free-State Convention at Lawrence, 1857. Charles Robinson became the first Governor of Kansas and served from February 9, 1861 to January 12, 1863.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Photographs and Illustrations; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Tucker, E. S.

Ambrotype [Photograph], Charles Robinson
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1850s

Ambrotype portrait of free-state leader Charles Robinson. Robinson also became the first governor of the state of Kansas.

Keywords: Ambrotypes; Free state supporters; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894

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Advertisement, Kansas Land Trust Co.
Authors: Kansas Land Trust Company
Date:  Undated
This advertisement, presumably created by the Kansas Land Trust Company, lists thirty main points about Kansas Territory, including the advantages of settling in Kansas and general statistics about the territory. It also mentions the town of Quindaro and its growing influence in the area along the Kansas River. For those interested in obtaining tickets, the advertisement furnished the address of the New England Emigrant Aid Society. The bottom of the flyer provided the names of the officers that were involved in the company and their contact information.

Keywords: Advertisements; Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Kansas Land Trust Company; Land; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Skilled workers; Walker, Joel


Letter, Sarah [presumably Sarah T. D. Lawrence] to My Dear Mrs. [William B.] Stowe
Authors: Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911
Date:  January 9 1851
This letter, written by Sarah [presumably would be Sarah T.D. Lawrence, Charles Robinson's future wife] from Belchertown, MA, to Mrs. William B. Stowe, in West Brookfield, MA, contains excerpts of a letter written by Charles Robinson to Sarah. Robinson described his conditions of imprisonment in California (where he had traveled prior to settling in Kansas); he had been jailed for supporting squatter's rights and anti-slavery causes. He makes reference to a Dr. J.G. Holland, who had been a friend and colleague of his at home in Massachusetts.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; California; Massachusetts; National politics; Prisoners; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Squatter sovereignty


Deed of Caleb S. Pratt for Charles Robinson
Authors: Pratt, Caleb S.
Date:  October 13, 1853
This handwritten deed entitled Charles Robinson to the ownership of a house and farm claim south of the town of Lawrence, which was previously owned by Caleb Pratt.

Keywords: Emery, James Stanley; Emigration and immigration; Land acquisition; Legal documents; Lykins, William H. R.; Pratt, Caleb S.; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement


List of Subscriptions to Stock of the Massachusetts and New England Emigrant Aid Companies
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date:  May 1854 - June 1855
This volume includes lists of subscribers to shares of stock in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company and the New England Emigrant Aid Company. The reports list the name of the subscriber, place of residence, number of shares, total value of shares, and when the subscriber paid for the shares. Subscribers included Amos A. Lawrence, Eli Thayer, Charles Francis Adams, Moses Kimball, and Charles Robinson. The volume also includes a list of donors to the company.

Keywords: Adams, Charles Francis, 1807-1886; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Kimball, Moses, 1809-1895; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Mr. [Amos Adams] Lawrence
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date:  September 22, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Samuel Pomeroy wrote from a settlement, which would come to be called Lawrence, in Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Lawrence was an investor who sponsored the emigrant group who would settle the town of Lawrence. Pomeroy reported that Charles Robinson had been elected President of the Lawrence Association, the first governing body of the town. He was enthusiastic about the abundance of timber resources in the area, which, once secured from the Indians, would make for a good business enterprise. Emigrants were arriving in droves, filling the hotels and increasing demand for land claims. Though he remained positive, Pomeroy warned "Don't make yourselves believe that the slave holders have given up Kansas!" and anticipated a political battle during the upcoming Territorial Legislature election.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Branscomb, Charles H.; Business enterprises; Elections; Emigration and immigration; Hotels; Illness; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery supporters; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development


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Robinson,%20Charles,%201818-1894.