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Andrew H. Reeder, Easton, PA to William Hutchinson
Author: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: August 25, 1856

Reeder described his efforts to raise money for the Free State cause in his travels through the northern states.

Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Free State Party; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; National Kansas Committee; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )

Letter, A. H. Reeder to My Dear Sir [Franklin Crane]
Author: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: December 23, 1856

This letter by Andrew Reeder, former governor of Kansas Territory, was written from Easton, Pennsylvania, where both Reeder and Crane had lived before coming to Kansas. Reeder enclosed payment for the taxes on his Topeka lots. He also reported that he had been in Washington, D. C. lobbying for the free state cause, informing Crane of various issues being discussed in the capitol.

Keywords: Bogus laws; Congressional delegate; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Easton, Pennsylvania; Lobbying; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; United States. Congress; Washington, D.C.

Letter, A. H. Reeder to Dear Sir [Franklin Crane]
Author: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: September 1, 1858

Andrew Reeder, former governor of Kansas Territory, wrote from Easton, Pennsylvania, to inform Franklin Crane of the eastern response to elections in Kansas and the prospects for the Leavenworth Constitution. He also discussed the value of Topeka lots and a request to donate one for a church.

Keywords: Crane, Franklin Loomis; Easton, Pennsylvania; Elections; Leavenworth Constitution; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion

Letter, A. H. Reeder to Dear Sir [Franklin Crane]
Author: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: November 28, 1859

Andrew Reeder, former governor of Kansas Territory, wrote from Easton, Pennsylvania to Dr. Franklin Crane of Topeka. The letter discussed business interests in Kansas and prospects for Kansas's admission to the union. Reeder also suggested that it might be beneficial to replace place names established by the bogus legislature, which had pro slavery connections.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Bogus legislature; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Photograph, Andrew Horatio Reeder
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1856

A portrait of Andrew Horatio Reeder taken in May, 1856, as he escaped from Kansas disguised as a woodchopper. The photograph was taken in Chicago, IL. He was appointed to Territorial Governor June 29, 1854, took the oath July 7; arrived in Kansas October 7, 1854;and served to April 17, 1855; June 23 to August 16, 1855. In 1854, Reeder called for an election to choose a delegate to Congress. On election day, Missourians came in great numbers and, voting illegally, elected a proslavery candidate. This same situation occurred in March, 1855, when an election was called to form a legislature. Early in 1856, Lecompton was designated the territorial capital. Sheriff Samuel Jones, a strong proslaveryite, arrested several free-staters in Lawrence. Several people for whom he was looking escaped including Reeder, who left Kansas dressed as a woodchopper.

Keywords: Card photographs; Photographs and Illustrations; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864

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Memorandum, Instructions as to Wyandot Float
Authors: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date:  [1857]
This document, obviously written by A. H. Reeder either to the surveyor or to Halderman, is undated but was most likely composed in 1857. It addressed issues related to the location of Reeder's claim to land in the Wandotte float.

Keywords: Halderman, John Adams; Indian lands; Lykins, Johnston; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Searl, Albert D.; Surveyor General (see United States. Surveyor General); Wyandot Float


Letter, Tho Sherwood to Friend Woodward
Authors: Sherwood, Thomas
Date:  July 5, 1855
Thomas Sherwood wrote to Friend Woodward of the now-famous confrontation between Governor Andrew Reeder and Benjamin F. Stringfellow. According to Sherwood, the two men were only saved from shooting one another by the intervention of Reeder's private secretary, John Halderman, and the U.S. District Attorney for Kansas Territory, Andrew Isacks.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Halderman, John Adams; Isacks, Andrew Jackson; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shawnee Mission; Sherwood, Thomas; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.


Kansas Territorial Seal
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  May 30, 1854
The Kansas territorial seal supposedly was engraved by Robert Lovett of Philadelphia from a design developed by Andrew H. Reeder, the first Territorial Governor of Kansas. Encircling the border of the two-inch brass die is the text, "SEAL OF THE TERRITORY OF KANSAS / ERECTED MAY 30, 1854." The face features a pioneer holding a rifle and hatchet opposite Ceres (the goddess of agriculture) who stands next to a sheaf of grain. At their feet lie a tree and the axe that felled it. Between these two figures is a shield with a plow in the top compartment and a hunter stalking a buffalo below. Above the shield is a banner reading, "POPULI VOCE NATA." This Latin motto has been translated to read "Born by the voice of the people" or "Born of the popular will." The motto speaks directly to the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, creating the territory and establishing popular sovereignty whereby voting residents would decide if Kansas became a slave or free state.

Keywords: Agricultural implements; Agriculture; Kansas Nebraska Act; Kansas Territory; Objects; Popular sovereignty; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Territorial government


Certificate, Leavenworth Association, Five Town Shares
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date:  October 9, 1854
This certificate for "five shares of the Town property of Leavenworth Association" was made out to Andrew H. Reeder, the first territorial governor. It was signed by H. Miles Moore, secretary, and George W. Gist, president. The latter, and two other men, had laid claim, according to Andreas's History of Kansas, to the land that would become Leavenworth city on June 12, 1854, the first land claimed in the territory by U. S. citizens after passages of the Kansas Nebraska Act.

Keywords: Gist, George W.; Land acquisition; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town shares


Certificate, Leavenworth Association, One Town Shares
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date:  October 18, 1854
This document/certificate was identical to the one issued to Andrew H. Reeder (Document #261), but it was made out to C. A. Williams for "one share of the Town property of Leavenworth Association," and on the reverse side it was transferred to Reeder, November 11, 1854. It was signed by Charles Mundee, secretary, and D. P. Wallingford, a proslave partisan from Weston, Mo. At the top, the document was signed, "With Greetings: John A. Halderman."

Keywords: Certificates; Halderman, John Adams; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Mundee, Charles; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town shares; Wallingford, D. P.; Williams, C. A.


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