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73 results for Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory:
Polling Book, delegate election, Wyandott nation, Nebraska Territory
Authors: Andrews, Benjamin ; Walker, William
Date: October 12, 1852
This three-page document represented the "return of votes polled at the election held in the Wyandott nation, Nebraska Territory, October 12th 1852, for a delegate to represent the aforesaid Territory in the thirty-second Congress of the United States. Abelard Guthrie, who is also on the voter roll, received all 35 votes cast. Guthrie, who married into the Wyandot tribe, was later involved in the development of Quindaro. With one or two exception--e.g.., Thomas Coon Hawk--the names on the roll appear to be Anglo-American in origin.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Congressional delegate; Election, Nebraska Territory, October 1852; Elections; Guthrie, Abelard; Native Americans; Nebraska Territory; United States. Congress; Walker, William; Wyandot Indians; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Territorial Census, 1855, District 16
Authors: Leib, Charles
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 16, the place of election was the house of Keller & Kyle, in Leavenworth City. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Sixteenth District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Salt Creek; thence up said creek to the Military road; thence along the middle of said road to the lower crossing of Stranger Creek; thence up said creek to the line of the late Kickapoo reservation, and thence along the said line to the Thirteenth District, and thence by the same along a line corresponding to the courses of Stranger Creek, and keeping three miles west thereof, the Kansas River; thence down the Kansas River to the Missouri River to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Census; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth City; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leib, Charles; Moravian Mission; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Agreement for the establishment of the Quindaro Town Company
Authors: Guthrie, Abelard ; Robinson, Charles ; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Walker, Joel
Date: November 1, 1856
The document outlined the details related to the establishment of the Quindaro Town Company. It called for the distribution of lots (shares) among the four founders and outlined plans for selling the remaining lots. It also proposed how proceeds from the sale of lots would be used for various improvements and the number of lots designated for civic purposes.

Keywords: Economic development; Guthrie, Abelard; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town companies; Town development; Town shares; Town site speculation; Walker, Joel; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Account Book, 1856-57
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 1856 - April 1857
This cloth bound journal, identified as "Dr. Chas Robinson Account Book, 1856-1866," contains territorial entries for 1856 and 1857 only--entries such as, "S. W. Simpson To Joel Walker For Draft (for the purchase of land)" for $500 and "Notes Receivable // To Sales of Stock // For Thaddeus Hyatt's Note . . . The understanding is that Hyatt shall not receive his certificate for shares until he has put on the Kaw River a Steamboat of 40 tons buthen, worth $5000., and suitable to navigating the Kaw River."

Keywords: Account books; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Financial statements; Grover, Joel; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Steamboats; Walker, Joel; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, S. [Silas] Armstrong to Dear Sister
Authors: Armstrong, Silas
Date: December 27, 1856
Silas Armstrong wrote to his "sister", probably his sister-in-law, from Wyandotte, Kansas Territory. Armstrong told her that he was trying to locate a spot for her land grant, or "float", before the "whites" settled on it. He discussed with her investment of part of her land grant into the Wyandotte Town Company, of which Armstrong was President. Armstrong stated that he was also part of a Wyandot Nation delegation, which would be traveling to Washington, D.C.

Keywords: Armstrong, Lucy B.; Armstrong, Silas; Shawnee Indian Reserve; Wyandot Float; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Quindaro Desk
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856-1861
Walnut desk used by abolitionist Fielding Johnson in Quindaro, Kansas. The word "Quindaro" is painted on the back of the desk. The town of Quindaro was settled by anti-slavery activists. Johnson, a merchant and agent to the Delaware Indians, was known to aid fugitive slaves.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Daily life; Delaware Indians; Fugitive slaves; Furniture; House furnishings; Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Johnson, Fielding; Merchants; Objects; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Settlement; Underground railroad; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Muster Roll, Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box, Wyandotte County
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1857
The Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box were free state supporters who were determined to see that fair elections were held in Kansas. James Lane was appointed to organize companies throughout the territory. General Order No. 1, found on this site, included instructions for listing the members of each company. This muster roll was prepared as a result of that order. This muster roll for Captain A. H. Macauley's company listed the officers and enlisted men, their age, place of birth, where from to Kansas, Kansas residence, and a place for "remarks." The latter was used to record the type of weapon the individual was issued or brought with him: e.g., Sharps, Western rifle, Carbine. All the men appeared to be residents of Quindaro, Wyandotte County in their twenties or early thirties.

Keywords: Election fraud; Elections; Free state militia; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Free state supporters; Guns; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Macauley, A. H.; Militia; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Sharps rifles; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections); Weapons (see also Guns); Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Advertisement, Wyandott City, The Gateway Into Kansas Territory
Authors: F. A. Hunt and Company
Date: 1857
F. A. Hunt & Co., steamboat and land agents, promoted Wyandott City as a destination for potential emigrants to Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Advertisements; Emigration and immigration; F. A. Hunt & Co.; Migration, internal; Town promotion; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, H. M. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Authors: Simpson, H.M
Date: January 16, 1857
H. M. Simpson wrote for his brother, Samuel N. Simpson, who was in Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill. H.M. confirmed that his brother had purchased land for Hill in Quindaro, and that a map of West Lawrence was in production and would be sent to Hill as soon as possible. H. M. also reported that Hill's land investments were up nearly 50% in value, and he anticipated that, without a war, they would rise even higher. He described the development of the city and roads of Quindaro. The city was expected to experience a lot of traffic with the spring emigration.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, H.M; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter draft, unsigned [Hiram Hill] to S.N. Simpson
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: January 22, 1857
Hiram Hill wrote from Williamsburgh, Massachusetts, to S.N. Simpson in Kansas Territory. Hill expressed frustration that he was not receiving the information he requested from Simpson about the site and shares he had invested in the new town, most likely Quindaro. Hill suspected he was paying more than other investors per share, which he claimed was unjust since he "was the first one that set that new town in motion".

Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Town shares; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Map of the Shawnee and Wyandott Lands
Authors: Lawrence, Robert J. ; United States., Surveyor General
Date: March 1857
This map, compiled by Robert J. Lawrence, shows lands of the Shawnee and Wyandot Indians where present day Wyandotte and Johnson Counties are now situated. It includes the towns of Kansas City and Westport, both in Missouri, as well as Quindaro, Wyandotte, and Lawrence, in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Indian lands; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Robert J.; Maps; Shawnee Indians; Wyandot Indians; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Diary, G. W. Paddock
Authors: Paddock, G. W.
Date: April 12, 1857 - July 28, 1860
G. W. Paddock was a minister and free state supporter who came to Kansas Territory in 1857. He describes his daily activities and his religious work, as well as his impressions of the city of Wyandotte while the constitutional convention was meeting there. His entries for this time period indicate he visited the convention, although he does not discuss the substance of the proceedings. The 1857 portion describes some of the free state controversies. He also mentions working with American Indians; however, his descriptions are often stereotypical and uncomplimentary. A number of entries from this diary were selected, but the entire diary is not included.

Keywords: Daily life; Free state supporters; Paddock, G. W.; Religion; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, F. A. Hunt to Wm. Barnes
Authors: Hunt, F. A.
Date: April 18, 1857
F. A. Hunt, owner of a steamboat and land agent company, wrote from Wyandotte to William Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee. Hunt promoted Wyandotte as a destination for potential emigrants to Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Advertisements; Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Emigration and immigration; F. A. Hunt & Co.; Hunt, F. A.; Migration, internal; New York State Kansas Committee; Town promotion; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, Albert C. Morton to [Hiram Hill]
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: May 29, 1857
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill, who had invested in Quindaro, in Massachusetts. In this short letter Morton described the development of the town, and noted the increasing population, the availability of coal resources, and the arrival of a new storekeeper.

Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Memorandum of agreement bewteen Klaus and Gray
Authors: Gray, Alfred ; Klaus, Fredrick
Date: June 13, 1857
Gray agreed to transfer lot number 77 on the levee in Quindaro to Klaus in return for $100 in cash in six months and $1000 worth of mason work, labor, and materials for building in Quindaro. The document outlined various prices for mason work with cut sand stone corners, dust sand stone window and door caps and sills, etc. Gray was to deliver a design for the building before the memorandum was signed but the purpose of the building was not specified.

Keywords: Construction; Gray, Alfred; Klaus, Fredrick; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Stonemasons; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Albert C. Morton to Mr. [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: June 17, 1857
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, concerned that he had not yet received $700 which Hill had recently sent to him. Morton also sought Hill's approval regarding the sale of a town lot with a house on it, the profits from which would be better used, Morton thought, in land investments. He also expressed concern that the railroad decide to pass through Quindaro, fearing that, if it didn't, it would "set things back."

Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Real estate investment; Town lots; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Freight bill for George Collamore
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: June 20, 1857
This bill documented the shipment of 21 cases of glassware from St. Louis, Missouri, to Quindaro, Kansas Territory, via the steamboat Oceana.

Keywords: Collamore, George W.; Commerce; Domestics; Freight and freightage; Missouri River; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, A. Tuttle, Buffalo, New York, to Friend Gray [Alfred]
Authors: Tuttle, A.
Date: June 25, 1857
Tuttle wrote from Buffalo, New York, about his plans to come to Kansas by the fall. Alfred Gray apparently was from Buffalo also and had settled in Quindaro, Kansas Territory. Tuttle wrote about bank failures and the poor economy in the east. He also wanted Gray to send printed information about Kansas as he thought it would attract some of those out of work. He inquired if any of the literature was in German as there were a number of out-of-work German immigrants in the area.

Keywords: Germans; Gray, Alfred; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Settlement; Tuttle, A.; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Freight bill for George Collamore
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: June 26, 1857
The bill documented the shipment of one box of merchandise and one bundle of "rockets", from St. Louis, Missouri, to Quindaro, Kansas Territory, via Pacific Railroad and packet [boat].

Keywords: Bailey, S.H.; Collamore, George W.; Commerce; Freight and freightage; Missouri River; Pacific railroads; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, A. C. Morton to Mr. [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: June 28, 1857
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton informed Hill that the package containing money from him had been located in Council Bluffs, Iowa, and he expected to receive it soon. Morton also described various aspects of Quindaro's development, including the building of a new store, and confirmed that the railroad would in fact come to Quindaro.

Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, A. C. Morton to Hiram Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: July 5, 1857
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton discussed the allegations of fraudulent investment activities on the part of Samuel N. Simpson, and told Hill that Alfred Gray, an area attorney and future Secretary of the Wyandotte Board of Trade, had lost five acres of land due to Simpson's deceptive practices. Morton updated Hill on Quindaro's development, stating that the prospects were good due to the railroad's anticipated presence in town. He added that he still had not received that package containing $700 from Hill.

Keywords: Gray, Alfred; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town companies; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Albert C. Morton to Mr. [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: July 8, 1857
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton reported on the status of Samuel N. Simpson, who had left his properties to Charles Robinson, free state leader and fellow founder of the Quindaro Town Company, and left town under suspicion of engaging in deceptive business practices. Another fellow founder of the Town Company, Abelard Guthrie, along with other investors, considered Simpson a "rascil [sic]". Morton also mentioned the progress of the railroad in the area, and the yet to be received package of money.

Keywords: Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


General Order No. 2, Headquarters Kansas Volunteers, For the Protection of the Ballot Box
Authors: Conway, Martin Franklin; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866
Date: July 20, 1857
General Order No. 2 established divisions and brigades which were to protect the ballot box in Topeka. It lists the divisions, brigades, and the superintendents of the divisions and brigades. James Lane was organizing the Kansas Volunteers and Martin Conway was the Adjutant General for the K.V.

Keywords: Conway, Martin Franklin; Deitzler, George W.; Election, Topeka Constitution, August 1857; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Militia; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Stewart, John E.; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Voting; Williams, Henry H.; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, A. C. Morton to Mr. [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: July 31, 1857
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, providing for him some conclusions regarding Samuel N. Simpson's fraudulent business practices. Morton reported that, from information provided by Simpson's brother, Samuel N. Simpson had taken $40-50,000 from the Quindaro Town Company, and deeded the land of others. He had also given Hill an unauthorized bond, which was not valid. Abelard Guthrie, however, according to Morton, had offered to give Hill title to some land, in order to minimize financial losses brought on by Simpson's actions.

Keywords: Fraud; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Chas Chadwick to Hiram Hill Esq.
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: August 8, 1857
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Chadwick told Hill that he had met with Charles Robinson the evening before and had discussed the matter of Samuel Simpson and his lands. Robinson seemed to think that Simpson would return to set things right with the Town Company. Chadwick expressed skepticism that this would happen, but believed Simpson could be contacted by sending letters to Boston.

Keywords: Chadwick, Charles; Fraud; Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, A.C. Morton to Mr. [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: August 8, 1857
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton related that the fall emigration had begun, Quindaro was crowded, and more buildings were being constructed than ever before. Morton also had found two men interested in renting the home owned by Hill upon its completion. He suggested that it would be best to "keep things quiet" about Samuel N. Simpson, and asked, on the behalf of Guthrie, if Hill planned to travel again to Quindaro.

Keywords: Construction; Emigration and immigration; Hill, Hiram; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town shares; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill Esq.
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: August 30, 1857
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, concerning several 40 acre lots which were marked off shortly before Samuel N. Simpson left town. It appeared to Chadwick that those Simpson had purchased were purchased on the behalf of absentee investors, such as Hill, even though they had not been divided or designated in the name of any others. Chadwick presumed that Abelard Guthrie would allow Hill to have the land he thought was being purchased in his name upon payment to the Town Company. Chadwick also reported that prices of land were staying up in Quindaro, and that business development continued.

Keywords: Chadwick, Charles; Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Town lots; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Freight bill for George Collamore
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: September 16, 1857
This bill documents the shipment of merchandise [possibly doors and windows] from St. Louis, Missouri, to Quindaro, Kansas Territory, on the steamboat Thomas E. Tutt.

Keywords: Collamore, George W.; Commerce; Freight and freightage; Missouri River; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: September 19, 1857
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Chadwick told him of Samuel Simpson's return, and the business dealings that resulted from it. It appeared that all investors would get their land as promised. He expressed excitement about the construction of a new bridge, which would "secure [Quindaro's] Supremacy over Wyandotte and Kansas City" for easing trade in the area. Chadwick also mentioned an upcoming election, and asked Hill if he expected many from Massachusetts to emigrate to K.T. this season.

Keywords: Bridges; Chadwick, Charles; Emigration and immigration; Gray, Alfred; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Kansas City, Kansas Territory; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, A. C. Morton to Hiram Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: September 21, 1857
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, apologizing for his prolonged silence due to a lengthy illness. Morton referred to the upcoming October election, which would select the members of the Territorial Legislature. He also spoke of Governor Walker's attempts to regulate the election process by requiring that all voters be residents of the Territory for at least six months prior to casting a vote. Morton added that Samuel Simpson was in town again, but that nothing had been settled regarding his questionable business practices.

Keywords: Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Hill, Hiram; Illness; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, P. S. Post to Judge J. A. Halderman
Authors: Post, Philip Sidney
Date: September 23, 1857
With this letter, P. S. Post sent Halderman "some copies of the first no. of the 'Wyandott Citizen'--our new democratic paper." This was obviously the project A. C. Davis had corresponded with Halderman about the previous June, as Davis is commended for his support. This short-lived newspaper was edited by Ephraim Abbott. (In 1858 Post would be involved with the founding and publication of the Western Argus in Wyandotte.)

Keywords: Abbott, Ephraim; Davis, Alson C.; Democratic Party (U.S.); Halderman, John Adams; Journalism; Newspapers; Partisan press; Post, Philip Sidney; Wyandotte Citizen; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Freight bill for George Collamore
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: September 24, 1857
This bill documents the shipment of 2 cases of merchandise from St. Louis, Missouri, to Quindaro, Kansas Territory, on the steamboat Star of the West.

Keywords: Collamore, George W.; Commerce; Freight and freightage; Missouri River; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Steamboats; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Quilt from Kentucky
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1857
Whitework quilt brought to Kansas from Kentucky in 1857. The bedcover dates from 1840 to 1850, and is made of plain white cotton fabric. The designs are the result of quilting and extra stuffing which gives a relief effect. Jeremiah King brought the quilt to Kansas, settling in Wyandotte County.

Keywords: Daily life; House furnishings; Immigration and early settlement; Kentucky; King, Jeremiah; Objects; Settlement; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Account Book, 1858-59
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: January 1858 - June 1859
This cloth bound journal, identified as "Account Book of Gov. Charles Robinson, January 1, 1858--June 15, 1872," began with an "Inventory of Property belonging to C. Robinson," land and shares, as well as a list of people to whom he owed money. The inventory referred to Lawrence property, a "Wyandotte Float," and shares in the towns of Topeka, Quindaro, etc.

Keywords: Account books; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Financial statements; Fitchburg, Massachusetts; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town companies; Wyandot Float; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Albert C. Morton to Mr. [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: January 1858
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, describing at length the efforts of Quindaro's citizens to grade a large Avenue through the town. Morton added that Quindaro was about to establish a city charter, which, if approved by the Legislature, would require the taxation of the citizens. He also mentioned a shooting the night before of a proslavery man who had lost his seat to freestatesman Charles Chadwick in a recent election under the Lecompton Constitution.

Keywords: Chadwick, Charles; Hill, Hiram; Lecompton Constitution; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Roads; Town development; Weather; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Albert C. Morton to Hiram Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: February 27, 1858
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton predicted a good property market for the coming spring, despite the "hard money matters" which had been the situation during the winter. He reported that the Shawnee lands would open soon, to have them paid for by the end of the summer, and that Hill's land investments in Manhattan were "in good standing". Morton added that Samuel Simpson has been busy lately, traveling back and forth from Quindaro to Lawrence.

Keywords: Economic conditions; Hill, Hiram; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Account Book, 1858-1872
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: March 1858
Charles Robinson's March 1858 "Account Book" entries included land deals involving James Blood and another with Alfred Gray of Quindaro.

Keywords: Account books; Blood, James; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Gray, Alfred; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, J. P. Root (?) to Rev. S. Y. Lum
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: March 19, 1858
Mr. James Root wrote from Wyandotte about the possibility of providing support to organize a Congregational Church in that city. He explained that a number of denominations had organized but they had a small number of members and no buildings. A Congregational minister, Mr. Storrs, had been dividing his time between Quindaro and Wyandotte but was going to focus on Quindaro in the future. He asked for whatever support was possible.

Keywords: Churches; Congregational churches; Lum, S. Y; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Religion; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to H. Hill Esq.
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: April 26, 1858
Charles Chadwick wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, regarding the land dispute between Hill and Robert Robetaille, a Wyandot Indian. Chadwick had been advised by Robert Lawrence (perhaps a local attorney) to correspond with a Nathaniel Pope Causin, Prosecutor of Indian Claims, in Washington. Chadwick, for Lawrence's support and assistance, had advised that Hill would pay him. Chadwick was to pass along Causin's card once he received it from Mr. Lawrence.

Keywords: Causin, Nathanial Pope; Chadwick, Charles; Hill, Hiram; Indian lands; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Lawyers; Real estate investment; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, A.C. Morton to Mr. Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: April 30, 1858
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton reported that the arrival of two new Eastern businessmen had brought business growth to the town, including a sash and blind factory and new three-story brick building. Despite these new constructions, Morton described the atmosphere as "dull". Though it was a bad time to sell land, since money was scarce, with the recent opening of Indian lands to settlement it was an optimum time to buy land at a low price.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Hill, Hiram; Indian lands; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, J. W. Robinson to G.W. Collamore, Esq.
Authors: Robinson, John W.
Date: May 24, 1858
J. W. Robinson wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to George Collamore. Robinson sought to have up to $1000 worth of doors and sashes shipped to him in Manhattan, and offered to trade some of his properties in Quindaro, St. George, Ashland, and Pittsburg for them. He described all of these properties as good investments, not "paper cities".

Keywords: Ashland, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Collamore, George W.; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Land sales; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pittsburg, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Riley City, Kansas Territory; Robinson, John W.; St. George, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill Esq
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: June 1, 1858
Charles Chawick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, to tell him that it appeared favorable that Hill would win possession of the land disputed by Robert Robetaille, a Wyandot Indian. However, Chadwick feared that the decision may not be made as easily as he had earlier anticipated, since Robert Lawrence had been seen in Leavenworth and had not traveled to Washington to work with Nathaniel Causin. Nonetheless, Abelard Guthrie had given up trying to obtain the land as well, leaving Hiram as the only other claimant.

Keywords: Causin, Nathanial Pope; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Lawyers; Long, Irving; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robitaille, Robert; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Account Book, 1858-1872
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: August - September 1858
Robinson's August and September 1858 "Account Book" entries included several for the "Quindaro Company," which was being actively promoted and developed at this time. Specific items included reference to the purchase of "2 yoke cattle" for $150, "expenses of C.R. at Washington," and an itemized list of supplies and services for the infant river town.

Keywords: Account books; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Financial statements; Gray, Alfred; Kansas Land Trust Company; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Schools; Stevens, Robert S.; Town companies; Washington, D.C.; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt); Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Mr. H Hill
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: August 24, 1858
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, regarding economic conditions in town. Chadwick asked that Hill promptly pay his debt to Abelard Guthrie, a fellow Quindaro investor, who was on the brink of bankruptcy. He added that Clinton County, Missouri, had voted not to invest in the Parkville and Grand River Railroad that fall, which had damaged the possibility for a boom in economic activity for the coming fall. Chadwick reported that heavy rains had hindered transportation on local rivers, but was optimistic that October might bring some money to the town through land sales. No news had been heard from Causin, the Washington attorney who was assisting Hill to retain some disputed lands.

Keywords: Causin, Nathanial Pope; Chadwick, Charles; Economic conditions; Hill, Hiram; Land sales; Money; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies; Railroads economic aspects; Railroads finance; Real estate investment; Water transportation; Weather; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Charles M. Stebbins, Booneville, Missouri, to Alfred Gray
Authors: Stebbins, Charles M.
Date: September 18, 1858
Stebbins was building a telegraph line from St. Louis, Missouri, to Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, and wrote Gray about what would be required to get him to run the line through Quindaro, Kansas Territory. Stebbins included a draft of a document for raising subscriptions to underwrite the cost of building the telegraph line. Details included maintaining a telegraph office in Quindaro for a year and providing up to $1000 in telegraph services if $1000 was raised to pay to Stebbins.

Keywords: Booneville, Missouri; Gray, Alfred; Missouri; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Stebbins, Charles M.; Telegraph; Town promotion; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter draft, unsigned [Hiram Hill] to Mr. Guthrie
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: October 23, 1858
Hiram Hill drafted a letter to Abelard Guthrie in Quindaro, Kansas Territory, in which he responded to Guthrie's request for repayment of his loan. Hill told Guthrie that he had his own financial difficulties stemming from his disputed claim, his inability to sell and rent his properties, and Guthrie's failure to fulfill his part of a contract to the Town Company by not grading certain roads. Hill was also frustrated with a lack of success regarding his land dispute claim against Robert Robetaille, and seemed to indicate his plan to withdraw his claim.

Keywords: Economic conditions; Finance; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Land claim disputes; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Abelard Guthrie to Hiram Hill, Esq
Authors: Guthrie, Abelard
Date: November 11, 1858
Abelard Guthrie, a member of the Quindaro Town Company, wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, rebutting Hill's accusations that he had acted in bad faith regarding certain enterprises of the Town Company. Guthrie stated that he had intended to begin the grading work on Kansas Avenue and other roads, but had found that the Company's funds were depleted; he suspected a swindling. He defended himself in light of other land purchases and business transactions and expressed extreme frustration at his bleak financial situation.

Keywords: Economic conditions; Fraud; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Land acquisition; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Roads; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: November 17 & 24, 1858
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, defending Quindaro from rumors that deemed the town defunct. Chadwick blamed the bad management of the Town Company for the current troubles, and described various opportunities Quindaro still had for further development. Though property was not selling at all, according to Chadwick, prospects for future railroad and ferry traffic still were positive. He expressed his disappointment at Robert Lawrence, and accused him of giving Chadwick a false impression of the likelihood of Hill winning the land claim dispute with Robert Robetaille. A businessman had landed with a great deal of machinery looking to build a "manufactory", and Quindaro's investors were doing all they could to woo him.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Causin, Nathanial Pope; Chadwick, Charles; Ferries; Gold mines and mining; Hill, Hiram; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Pikes Peak gold rush; Quindaro Chindowan; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Statement related to the Quindaro Town Company
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: November 22, 1858
Charles Robinson gave his consent as an individual member of the Quindaro Town Company that the Board of Trade could use the town company's printing press and type free of charge if they agreed to publish the Quindaro Chindowan on a weekly basis for three months beginning in December, 1858. The document also included Robinson's consent to pay Mrs. Nichols the $125 due her.

Keywords: Newspapers; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Quindaro Chindowan; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Address to the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Kansas
Authors: Armstrong, Lucy B.
Date: ca. 1859
This request, directed to the Kansas Territorial Legislature, asked that the act which incorporated the city of Wyandotte be amended. The solicitors of this request, widows with children, all of Indian decent, stated that the act had not been approved by the majority, and that it had passed the Legislature without their knowledge. The amendment they proposed would exclude their lands from the city of Wyandotte.

Keywords: Armstrong, Lucy B.; Indian lands; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Town companies; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Register of Voters. . . Quindaro, Wyandott County
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: [August] 1859
George Bodenburgh, clerk, apparently compiled this voter list--"Registry of Voters of the township of Quindaro, Wyandott County, K.T. for the year A.D. 1859"--in the summer of 1859, as he noted at the bottom that he would be at Charles Chadwick's office to receive and record additional registrants on August 18 and 19, 1859. The register contained more than 250 names, with residence (all Quindaro) and occupation (farmers, merchants, laborers, lawyers, etc.).

Keywords: Bodenburgh, George; Chadwick, Charles; Elections; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Skilled workers; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, S. C. S. [Samuel C. Smith] to Dear Doctor [Charles Robinson]
Authors: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: January 6, 1859
Samuel Smith wrote to Dr. Charles Robinson from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, regarding the latest election events within the Kansas Territorial Legislature. The positions of Speaker and Clerk were not secured by William Roberts and himself, as had been expected, but had been filled by Alfred Larzalere and Byron P. Ayres as a consequence of some questionable internal party politics, so described by Smith. Smith also wrote Robinson of George Deitzler's desire to resume correspondence with him, and of a recent incident in which James Lane's portrait was defaced.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Ayres, Byron P.; Babcock, Carmi William; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Branscomb, Charles H.; Deitzler, George W.; Delahay, Mark W.; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elder, P.P.; Elections; Free State Party; Goodin, Joel Kishler; Hutchinson, George W.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Larzalere, Alfred; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); McLane, George W.; Methodist Church; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Roberts, William Young; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Smith, Samuel C.; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Vaughan, Champion; Wright, John W.; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Abelard Guthrie to Hiram Hill, Esq.
Authors: Guthrie, Abelard
Date: January 18, 1859
Abelard Guthrie wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Guthrie reported that there had been "considerable progress" in Quindaro lately: a railroad was being constructed, telegraph wires were hung, and a factory and foundry had been established. Guthrie told Hill that if Hill would forget the Kansas Avenue grading disagreement and repay him his debt, Guthrie would travel to Washington to obtain a railroad grant.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies; Telegraph; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Statute, An Act to Incorporate and Establish the City of Wyandott, Kansas Territory
Authors: Kansas Territory, Legislature
Date: January 29, 1859
Printed version of the law passed in 1859 by the Kansas Territorial Legislature and signed by Governor Samuel Medary incorporating the city of Wyandott, Kansas Territory. The statute established city boundaries and the stucture and powers of the municipal government. The law was printed as Chapter 107 of the Private Laws of the 1859 Territorial Legislature.

Keywords: Kansas Territory. Legislature; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Expense Account, Pay Roll of the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention
Authors: Unknown
Date: July 5, 1859 - October 3, 1859
This document listed the expenses for the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, including per diem for delegates (individuals listed by name), payments for printing, and some post-convention canvassing costs.

Keywords: Constitutions; Financial statements; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Correspondence, Reinzi to Sir [J. M. Winchell]
Authors: Rienzi
Date: July 22, 1859
In the midst of the convention, a "Rienzi" of Wyandotte wrote to convention president James M. Winchell concerning a potential threat to Winchell's life. The ill-will toward Winchell had been sparked by the convention's "silly and ill advised move . . . To deprive Indians, (who by treaty stipulation have acquired the rights of citizenship) of the right of suffrage with negroes."

Keywords: African Americans; American Indians (see also Native Americans); Constitutions; Native Americans; Suffrage; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Grand Complimentary Ball
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: July 29, 1859
This ball was being held in honor of the Democratic members of the constitutional convention that was being held in Wyandotte at Overton's Hall. Music was provided by the Wyandott Cotillion Band. Numerous people were listed as managers, floor managers, etc.

Keywords: Balls (parties); Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Legal brief, Daniel Powell vs. Moses Grinter
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: August 5, 1859
This document, prepared by J. Stillwell Stockton, attorney for defendant Moses Grinter in a lawsuit against Daniel Powell, outlines Grinter's defense. Grinter maintained that it was not he who owed money to Powell for damages to a ferry boat, but Powell who owed him. Grinter, a Kentucky man, had run the ferry at the Delaware Crossing of the Kansas River since 1830.

Keywords: Delaware crossing; Ferries; Grinter, Moses; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawsuits; Legal documents; Powell, Daniel; Stockton, J. Stillwell; Water transportation; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Correspondence, John A. Martin to J. M. Winchell
Authors: Martin, John A., 1839-1889
Date: September 7, 1859
In the weeks following the close of the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, John A. Martin, the convention's secretary, and James M. Winchell, president of the convention, were occupied with the campaign for its ratification. This letter from Martin, dated Atchison, September 7, 1859, addressed some of the steps that had been and should be taken in the document's behalf during the bitter, partisan campaign leading up to the October 4, 1859, referendum.

Keywords: Constitutions; Democratic Party (U.S.); Martin, John A., 1839-1889; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Nebraska Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Congress. Senate; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, unsigned [Charles Chadwick] to Hiram Hill
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: December 14, 1859
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Chadwick reported that the Republicans (anti-slavery supporters) had been successful in recent elections. However, the economy was worse than the year before, according to Chadwick, money was scarce, and the city of Quindaro had not started collecting property taxes because the amounts would exceed the value of the property. A newspaper "The Kansas Tribune" had begun to circulate after a period in which there had been no newspaper, and the Parkville and Grand River Railroad was slated to be constructed through the town.

Keywords: Chadwick, Charles; Economic conditions; Elections; Hill, Hiram; Newspapers - Free State; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies; Railroad land grants; Rent; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Taxation; Telegraph; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Abstract of Census Returns listing Number of Voters and Number of Inhabitants
Authors: Undersigned Citizens of Kansas Territory, John Stroup (first signature)
Date: 1859
This abstract of census returns showed information at the township level for most Kansas counties. Some counties were listed but no data was entered. It listed the number of voters in three different ways--the number of votes cast June 7, 1859; number of voters June 7, 1859 under 6 month provision; and number of voters under 3 month provision. It also listed the number of inhabitants. The election on June 7, 1859 was to elect delegates to the Wyandotte constitutional convention.

Keywords: Allen County, Kansas Territory; Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Brown County, Kansas Territory; Butler County, Kansas Territory; Census; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Dickinson County, Kansas Territory; Dorn County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elections; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Hunter County, Kansas Territory; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Madison County, Kansas Territory; Marshall County, Kansas Territory; McGhee County, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Morris County, Kansas Territory; Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Osage County, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory; Washington County, Kansas Territory; Wilson County, Kansas Territory; Woodson County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Book, Gunn's Map and Handbook of Kansas and the Gold Mines
Authors: Gunn, O.B. (Otis Berthoude, 1828-1901)
Date: 1859
This book by O.B. Gunn, a civil engineer in Wyandotte, provides basic information about Kansas Territory and the living conditions there. The first half outlines statistics about the population, climate, crops, telegraph access, etc. for the use of potential settlers. The second half describes routes to gold mines in Western Kansas Territory and advises the best travel seasons and provisions necessary to make the journey. Includes more than 20 pages of business and trade advertisements, including Gunn's own advertisement on p. 57.

Keywords: Crops; Daily life; Gold mines and mining; Gunn, O.B. (Otis Berthoude, 1828-1901); Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Mining; Native Americans; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Settlement; Telegraph; Weather; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Certificate, Election proclamation for J.C. Bartlett
Authors: Board of State Canvassers, State of Kansas
Date: January 15, 1860
Certificate by the Board of [Kansas] State Canvassers proclaiming the election of J.C. Bartlett as a Representative of the Eighth District, which was comprised of Douglas, Johnson, and Wyandotte counties. Bartlett was elected during the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 29, 1860. The certificate is signed by the Governor, Samuel Medary.

Keywords: Bartlett, J.C.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elections; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Alfred Gray, Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Geo. W. Patterson
Authors: Gray, Alfred
Date: June 18, 1860
Gray wrote this draft of a letter to George W. Patterson concerning a treaty between the U. S. government and the Delaware Indians at the request of Rev. Pratt, a missionary to the tribe. Gray was concerned that the treaty was unfair to many of the Delaware and that the U.S. government was negotiating with four older chiefs, not some of the younger members of the tribe. He wrote that many of the Delaware were too intimidated to complain.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Delaware Indians; Gray, Alfred; Indian lands; Indian treaties; Native Americans; Patterson, George W.; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Ablard Wethier [?] to Josiah Miller, Esq.
Authors: Wethier, Ablard
Date: June 26, 1860
Ablard Wethier wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Josiah Miller, seeking the whereabouts of Charles Robinson and requesting that Miller serve him this notice to appear. Wethier claimed that Robinson had invested in the Quindaro Town Company but had sabotaged its endeavors. Wethier also stated that Robinson was "fatal to any enterprise he touches" and that "nothing but such an incubus [as Robinson] could keep down Quindaro."

Keywords: Fraud; Miller, Josiah; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Town companies; Town development; Wethier, Ablard; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Pamphlet, "To the Public", an expose of the business practices of Charles Robinson
Authors: Guthrie, Abelard
Date: December 31, 1860
Abelard Guthrie, who had been a member of the Quindaro Town Company along with Charles Robinson, accused Robinson of abusing his position as Treasurer of the Company towards fraudulent and financially disastrous ends. Guthrie claimed that "the duty if every man is to expose villians whenever he has indubitable evidence of their true character," and berated himself for having trusted Robinson for so long. His accusations against Robinson are numerous, and he contended that "there is a moral poison in his very touch that blights and ruins whatever it falls upon."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Fraud; Guthrie, Abelard; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Town companies; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Office of the Union Pacific Railway Co. Eastern Division, Wyandotte, Kansas, 1867
Authors: Gardner, Alexander , 1821-1882; Gardner's Photographic Art Gallery, 511 Seventh Street, Washington.
Date: 1867
A view of the Union Pacific Railway Co. Eastern Division office, Wyandotte, Kansas, 1867. It is part of a series titled Across the Continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division. The photograph was taken by Alexander Gardner, Gardner's Photographic Art Gallery, 511 Seventh Street, Washington. This is the building where the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention was supposedly held.

Keywords: Gardner's Photographic Art Gallery; Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882; Kansas City, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Railroads; Stereographs; Union Pacific Railway Company Eastern Division; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Alfred Gray
Authors: Leonard & Martin, artists
Date: 
Alfred Gray was a resident of Quindaro, Kansas Territory and an attorney. He was involved in a number of land and other business dealings. This photograph of Gray was taken after the territorial period in 1882.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Gray, Alfred; Lawyers; Leonard & Martin, artists; Photographs and Illustrations; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Educational globe from Delaware Baptist Mission
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1837-1867
Globe made by the Halbrook School Apparatus Company and used in he Delaware Baptist Mission in Wyandotte County, near Edwardsville, Kansas. The Delaware Indians came to Kansas in the mid-1830s, followed by the missionaries who came to educate and convert them to Christianity. The mission was founded by Ira D. Blanchard in 1837 and later run by John G. Pratt.

Keywords: Baptists; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Delaware Indians; Halbrook School Apparatus Company; Missionaries; Objects; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Schools; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Joel Walker
Authors: Leonard
Date: 
Joel Walker was involved with the Quindaro Town Company as well as being a free state supporter.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Leonard; Photographs and Illustrations; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Walker, Joel; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Joseph Pomeroy Root
Authors: Langhorne, photographer
Date: 
Joseph Pomeroy Root was a resident of Wyandotte. He was involved in the free state cause, including recruiting members of the Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box and working for the National Kansas Committee. He served as the first Lieutenant Governor of the state of Kansas.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Free state supporters; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Photographs and Illustrations; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Photograph, John Gill Pratt and his wife Olivia Evans Pratt
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
This photograph of John Gill Pratt and his wife Olivia was taken in a room in a building in Wyandotte County which had been part of the Delaware Mission School. John Gill Pratt was a Baptist missionary to the Delaware Indians and served as superintendent of the Delaware Baptist Mission. He had some training as a doctor and worked as a printer at the Shawnee Manual Labor School. He was involved in some of the treaty negotiations during the territorial period.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Baptists; Card photographs; Delaware Indians; Missionaries; Native Americans; Photographs and Illustrations; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Pratt, Olivia Evans; Treaties; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Abelard Guthrie
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Abelard Guthrie was a member of the Wyandot tribe through his marriage to his wife Quindaro Nancy. He was elected as the Wyandot delegate to Congress in 1852. He was involved in the development of the town of Quindaro and had business dealing with numerous early territorial settlers.

Keywords: Guthrie, Abelard; Photographs and Illustrations; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Wyandot Indians; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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