Skip Redundent Navigation
Territorial Kansas Online 1854-1861 Explore Topics Territorial A-Z Map Lesson Plans  

Territorial A-Z

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | 0-9


48 results for Women:
Circular, To the Women of the State of New York
Authors: Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885
Date: c. 1856
This circular was composed of a letter written by Clarina Nichols to the women of New York. In this eloquent letter she attempted to persuade them to send support to the people of Kansas, appealing to their hearts and their experiences as mothers.

Keywords: Circulars; Food; Free state perspective; New York; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Relief; Women


Letter, S. L. Adair to Ladies Circle of South Hadley Falls, Massachusetts (draft)
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: not dated
Adair thanked the Ladies Circle for sending a fount, plate and cups for use in the church in Osawatomie. His appreciation was expressed in a religious sense. He asked for their prayers and said they have those of the church. He reported on sickness and on difficulties related to the church. He also commented on the "irreligion" in the area.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Churches; Illness; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Massachusetts; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion; Women


Photograph, Clarina Irene Howard Nichols
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Between 1855 and 1860
Clarina Irene Howard Nichols and her husband settled in Quindaro, Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory. She was active in politics and women's rights. Nichols attended the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention 1859 where she secured for Kansas women liberal property rights, equal guardianship of their children, and the right to vote on all school questions. Susan B. Anthony paid tribute to Clarina Nichols in her "History of Woman Suffrage".

Keywords: Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Photographs and Illustrations; Women; Women Legal status, laws, etc; Women Suffrage; Womens rights; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859


Letter, S. H. W. to Dear Bro Isaac [Goodnow]
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: June 15, 1855
S. H. W. wrote from New England to Isaac Goodnow in Kansas Territory, reporting on the proceedings of the Philadelphia National Kansas Nebraska Convention, an organization that he described as "Pro Slavery to the Back Bone!". He implored that New Englanders of Kansas have "Back Bone", and fight against slavery. The author further narrated "the north is uniting. The plot thickens, and the struggle comes", and disparaged President Pierce's administration, hoping for an anti-slavery one in the future. The letter includes a short note from Mrs. S. H. W., which exclaimed at Ellen Goodnow's traveling to Kansas alone.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; National politics; Pierce administration; Proslavery supporters; Women


Letter, Wm [Goodnow] to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, William E.
Date: July 1, 1855
William Goodnow, brother of Isaac Goodnow, wrote from Shannon, Wild Cat Creek, Kansas Territory, to his wife Harriet in New England. Goodnow described his current activities, among them serving on the Manhattan city council along with his brother. He related his experience of seeing Governor Reeder pass by on his way to Pawnee, and judged him "fully able. . .to meet any Missouri renegade." Goodnow also anticipated that the free soil members of the Territorial Legislature would resign "not acknowledging this Legislature as a constitutional one."

Keywords: Crops; Diseases; Free Soil Party; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Harriet; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Goodnow, William E.; Kansas Territory. Legislature - Pawnee/Shawnee Mission; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town development; Travel; Women


Letter, Rebecca Wakefield to Sir
Authors: Wakefield, Rebecca
Date: September 15, 1855
Rebecca Wakefield, writing from Milan, Ohio to the New England Emigrant Aid Company, stated that her husband had settled in Kansas in May 1855 but had gotten sick and was now unable to pay for her and her three children to join him. She sought assistance from the emigrant aid company to finance her trip to Kansas.

Keywords: Children; Emigration and immigration; Milan, Ohio; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Ohio; Poor; Poverty; Wakefield, Rebecca; Women


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Mr Hiram Hill
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: November 20, 1855
S. N. Simpson wrote from Kansas City, Missouri to Hiram Hill in Williamsburgh, Massachusetts, where Edmund Jones had recently returned (see Hill's letter to Jones of October 11, 1855). Simpson described development and rising property values in Lawrence. He detailed his attempts to collect rent from Mrs. Hall, who had cleaned in exchange for a month's rent. In language reminiscent of documents from the American Revolution, the last paragraph declared that Kansas could but would not break ties with the United States, partly because Kansas needed financial assistance. As evidence, Simpson asked Hill for church-building funds.

Keywords: Domestics; Hill, Hiram; Jones, Edmund; Kansas City, Missouri; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Rent; Simpson, H.M; Town development; Town lots; Women


Letter, Hiram Hill to Dear Wife
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: December 12, 1855
Hiram Hill arrived in Lawrence, Kansas Territory shortly after the end of the Wakarusa War. This letter to his wife reviewed the events of the war, made mention of women's assistance, described Hill's journey from Leavenworth with Mr. Conway, and gave an account of Thomas W. Barber's funeral, at which Charles Robinson and James Lane spoke. Barber was killed south of Lawrence on the 6th. Hill had met Mr. Whitney, Judge Johnson, Mr. Haskell, and Mr. Simpson, and planned to visit Charles Robinson. Hill also detailed Governor Shannon's settlement with free state leaders at Lawrence.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Funerals; Health; Hill, Hiram; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Town development; Travel; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855; Women


Letter, N. P. Selee to Dear Bro [Isaac Goodnow]
Authors: Selee, N.P.
Date: January 19, 1856
N. P. Selee, presumably an acquaintance of Isaac Goodnow, and a fellow New Englander, wrote to Goodnow from the East Coast, describing to Goodnow his desire to settle in Kansas. Selee asked Goodnow to respond to what may have been typical emigrant concerns about the trip, which from Selee, included questions about Kansas' future as a free state, the business prospects for raising cattle, and whether or not he ought to "look for a wife" before coming to Kansas, or if he would be likely to find quality companionship in the Territory.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Emigration and immigration; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Selee, N.P.; Travel; Women


Excerpt from letter, I. T. G [Isaac Goodnow] to [unknown]
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: January/February 1856
In the wake of the Wakarusa War, Isaac Goodnow wrote to an unknown recipient regarding recent skirmishes and negotiations between proslavery and free state supporters. According to Goodnow, Governor Shannon had demanded that the free state men surrender their Sharp's rifles and obey the laws of the "bogus" legislature. Governor Robinson had responded, telling his men to "keep the rifles, but surrender their contents." Goodnow also commented on the "determined heroism" of the free state women, and recounted the incident of voter fraud which occurred in the Delegate to Congress election between former Governor Reeder and J. W. Whitfield.

Keywords: Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Bogus legislature; Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Election fraud; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Sharps rifles; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.; Whitfield, John W. (John Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879; Women


Letter, Marian S. Hand to Dear Bro & Sister, [Samuel and Florella Adair] note added by T. W. Hand
Authors: Hand, Marian S.
Date: July 7, 1856
Marian Brown Hand, Rawsonville, Ohio, wrote her sister Florella Adair and brother-in-law Samuel Adair inquiring about events in Kansas and John Brown and his sons. She said the Kansas Aid Societies and Ladies Aid Societies were forming to help families that suffered in Kansas Territory. Her husband added to the end of the letter discussing politics. He felt that Fremont would be elected President and that would insure freedom in Kansas and the North.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Antislavery perspective; Election, Presidential, 1856; Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890; Hand, Marian S.; Hand, T. W.; Ohio; Rawsonville, Ohio; Relief; Women


Copy of letter, S. L. Adair to Mrs. H. L. Hibbard
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: August 14, 1856
Adair, writing from Osawatomie, reported on conditions in Kansas. Mrs. Hibbard was the president of the Woman's Kansas Aid and Liberty Association of Chicago, Illinois. He reported that many recent emigrants were ill and others were using up their reserves to help others, hoping they would be repaid by aid received in Kansas. He also reported that a group of Georgians camped near Osawatomie and ran off more than 18 horses. Some free state men were prepared to confront them but they left the area. Adair wrote of rumors that a large force was coming to burn Osawatomie.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Chicago, Illinois; Emigration and immigration; Free state perspective; Hibbard, Mrs. H. L.; Illness; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Migration, internal; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Proslavery settlers; Women


Letter, Clarina Nichols to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885
Date: October 4, 1856
This letter, written from Elmira, New York, provides a neat outline of Clarina Nichols' goals and motivations. It deals with her speaking engagements on the situation in Kansas, her goals for the future, her family, and her belief that Susan B. Anthony would be a great help to the free state cause.

Keywords: Anthony, Susan B.; Free state cause; Free state militia; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lectures; National Kansas Committee; New York; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Pennsylvania; Relief; Temperance movement; Women


Letter, C. I. H. Nichols to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885
Date: October 15, 1856
This brief letter, written by Clarina Nichols from Elmira, New York, informed Thaddeus Hyatt of her successful speaking tour in Pennsylvania. She was also eager to hear more details about the National Kansas Committee's work in the territory.

Keywords: Free state cause; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lectures; New York; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Pennsylvania; Women


Letter, ladies of Orange, N.J. to Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Ladies of Orange, New Jersey
Date: October 20, 1856
This letter, written by the ladies of Orange, N.J., informed Thaddeus Hyatt of their donations for the free state inhabitants of Kansas, including foodstuffs, a variety of clothing and sewing material. This is an excellent example of how women in New England supported the free state cause.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Emigrant aid companies; Free state cause; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Orange, New Jersey; Relief; Vegetables; Women


Letter, H. J. Williams to Florella Adair
Authors: Williams, H. (Mrs. John) J.
Date: October 29, 1856
Mrs. Williams was a member of one of Rev. Adair's churches in Lafayette, Ohio She wrote about her concern for the Adair family during all of the troubles in Kansas. She and her husband also sent some cheese and cloth to the Adairs. The letter had references to various family members. The letter showed the support women settlers received from friends in the East.

Keywords: Free state supporters; Friendship; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Williams, H. J. (Mrs. John); Women


Letter, S. L. Adair to Miss Mary P. Green
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: December 17, 1856
In this letter, Samuel Adair thanked Miss Green for $35 sent by the ladies of La Salle County, Illinois. He indicated that he would try to distribute the money to "no unworthy person," but that it would help relieve the suffering in the territory. He indicated that things were comparatively quiet. He referred to a lack of cash if settlers were required to pay for their land soon, as he felt most would need to take out mortgages. He reported that those suffering the most were families who were sick or where the men were in prison. He expressed gratitude for the support received from the East.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Green, Mary P.; Illinois; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Women


The Prairie Star: A paper edited by the ladies of the Philomathic Literary Society, Volume 1st, Number 1st
Authors: Kansas Philomathic Institute
Date: January 24, 1857


Keywords: Community life; Kansas Philomathic Institute; Literature societies; Martin, Maria M. (Mrs. Samuel E.); Philomatic Literary Society; Poetry; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Women


Letter, [Mrs] H. J. Williams to Sister [Florella] Adair
Authors: Williams, H. (Mrs. John) J.
Date: January 27, 1857
Mrs. Williams expressed her sympathy for the conditions Mrs. Adair had to endure in Kansas. The letter eloquently described all of the suffering Mrs. Williams felt Mrs. Adair had experienced. The letter indicated that boxes of materials had been sent to Osawatomie but Mrs. Williams feared that they have not arrived. The letter gave news of the Williams family and others in Lafayette, Ohio.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Free state supporters; Friendship; Lafayette, Ohio; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Williams, H. J. (Mrs. John); Women


The Prairie Star: A paper edited by the ladies of the Philomathic Literary Society, Volume 1st, Number 2nd
Authors: Kansas Philomathic Institute
Date: January 31, 1857
A weekly handwritten literary publication produced from January through April 1857 by the Topeka-based Kansas Philomathic Institute (also known as the Philomathic Literary Society). The literary club, which included male and female members, met weekly to read aloud essays and poems, which then were collected, recopied, and published as The Prairie Star. Maria M. Martin, wife of Dr. Samuel E. Martin, edited the paper.

Keywords: Community life; Kansas Philomathic Institute; Literature societies; Martin, Maria M. (Mrs. Samuel E.); Philomatic Literary Society; Poetry; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Women


The Prairie Star: A paper edited by the ladies of the Philomathic Literary Society, Volume 1st, Number 7th
Authors: Kansas Philomathic Institute
Date: March 7, 1857
A weekly handwritten literary publication produced from January through April 1857 by the Topeka-based Kansas Philomathic Institute (also known as the Philomathic Literary Society). The literary club, which included male and female members, met weekly to read aloud essays and poems, which then were collected, recopied, and published as The Prairie Star. Maria M. Martin, wife of Dr. Samuel E. Martin, edited the paper.

Keywords: Community life; Kansas Philomathic Institute; Literature societies; Martin, Maria M. (Mrs. Samuel E.); Philomatic Literary Society; Poetry; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Women


Letter, I. T. G. [Isaac Goodnow] to My Dear Ellen [Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: August 20, 1857
Isaac Goodnow wrote from his travels in Ohio to his wife, Ellen, in Shannon, Kansas Territory. This letter serves as a good example of the many than Goodnow sent home to his wife during his travels in the States, as he fundraised for the construction of Bluemont College and a non-denominational church in Manhattan. In this instance, Goodnow answers the request of his friend, Joseph Denison, to return to the Territory early, without raising the remaining $500; Goodnow replied that is would "diminish his self respect" to do so, but asked his wife her opinion. He also gave her instructions for maintaining their land and homestead, imploring that she contract out as much work as possible, in order to ease her own duties.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Churches; Daily life; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Shannon, Kansas Territory; Travel; Universities and colleges; Women


Letter, J. [Joseph H. Trego] to Dear Alice [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: ca. September 1857
Joseph H. Trego, en route via steamboat to Kansas City, wrote to his wife Alice in Rock Island, Illinois. Trego commented on the unpredictable and perilous conditions of steamboat travel on the Missouri River due to snags and sandbars, but despite these, admitted that the journey itself had "little to claim his attention." He feared that his wife might have an accident in his absence, and asked her to wait until he returned to "indulge her spirit." Trego, though he missed his family, was comforted by their miniatures (small portraits).

Keywords: Domestics; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Steamboats; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Women


Letter, Your affect. Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: January 2, 1858
Joseph Trego wrote from his cabin near Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, in Rock Island, Illinois. Trego briefly updated her on the status of the mill enterprise before expressing more personal sentiments. He felt it had been a mistake not to bring her to the Territory, as he could not devote all of his energy to the tasks at hand for missing her. Trego also discussed the length of time it took her letters to reach him via the postal service.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Postal service; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Women


Moneka Woman's Rights Association, Secretary's book
Authors: Moneka Woman's Rights Association
Date: 1858--1860
The secretary's book contains the minutes of the Moneka Woman's Rights association. It also contains the organization's preamble, constitution, and list of members. Members were both male and female. Officers were elected quarterly. Most meetings consisted of an address and also discussion of a question, both related to women's rights issues. They also addressed letters to territorial constitutional conventions and to the Kansas Legislature. They also support the work of C. I. H. Nichols.

Keywords: Denison, Elizabeth S.; Doy, Pamelia; Equal rights; Linn County, Kansas Territory; McGrath, Mollie A.; Moneka Womans Rights Association; Moneka, Kansas Territory; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Snyder, Mary I. T.; Suffrage; Wattles, Esther; Wattles, J. O.; Wattles, Sarah G.; Wattles, Susan E.; Women; Womens rights


Letter, Your aff. husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: February 13, 1858
Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, at their family's home in Illinois. Trego further expressed his disappointment that his wife did not plan to travel to the Territory with him that spring. The change in plans did not seem to disrupt those of the Smith brothers, Trego's companions, as they planned to gather their own families. Trego supposed he would stay behind and conduct business at the mill and perhaps enter the market for land sales. The mill's shelter had successfully been erected the day before, so their production would not not be so dependent on the weather conditions.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Land sales; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Missouri River; Real estate investment; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Weather; Women


Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: April 2, 1858
At the beginning of the afternoon session, Friday, April 2, 1858, suffrage was briefly discussed, with Samuel N. Wood moving to strike "male" wherever it occurred in the instrument and "to insert after the word 'he' the words 'or she' . . ." The motion failed, but 20 delegates supported what arguably amounted to an equal rights amendment for women. The yeas and nays were recorded.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Constitutions; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Women; Womens rights; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, Ms. Maria Felt to Dear Mr. [Thomas W.] Higginson
Authors: Felt, Maria
Date: June 25, 1858
Miss Felt wrote this letter to Thomas Higginson, telling of her journey from Clinton, Massachusetts to Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Apparently, she was emigrating to Kansas in order to teach school. Miss Felt and her party traveled by train until they reached Alton, Illinois, where they took a steamer along the Mississippi to St. Louis. From there they traveled to Jefferson City and finally reached Leavenworth, Kansas Territory. At that point they traveled to Lawrence by stagecoach and Indian canoe. Once she had arrived in Lawrence, which she found to be a pretty town, she became acquainted with James Redpath, R. J. Hinton, Samuel Tappan, and George Stearns. She also called on Ephraim Nute, but she disliked both him and his wife, writing that they "sat up like two icicles." This letter appears to have been edited at some later date.

Keywords: Felt, Maria; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Nute, Ephraim; Railroads; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Schools; St. Louis, Missouri; Stagecoaches; Steamboats; Transportation; Travel; Water transportation; Weather; Women


Constitution, By-Laws, and Rules of Tecumseh Lodge, No. 3, of the Independent Order of Good Templars of Kansas.
Authors: Independent Order of Good Templars
Date: 1858
This lodge was located in the city of Tecumseh, Douglas County, Kansas Territory. Male and female members were allowed. The primary purpose of the organization was to oppose the manufacture, sale, purchase, or use of alcoholic beverages.

Keywords: Clubs; Community life; Daily life; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Independent Order of Good Templars; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Temperance; Women


Letter, Sene Campbell to [Capt. James] Montgomery
Authors: Campbell, Sene
Date: January 4, 1859
Sene Campbell, writing from Fort Scott, K. T. to Capt. James Montgomery, expressed her anger at Montgomery for his roll in the killing of John Little. Little was killed on December 16, 1858, at Fort Scott by a group of free state supporters led by Montgomery who had entered the town to free Benjamin Rice, a free state advocate being held prisoner. Campbell was Little's fiance.

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Campbell, Sene; Casualties; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Jayhawkers; Jayhawking; Little, J. H.; Little, John; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Violence; Violent deaths; Women


Letter, C. Robinson to My Dear L [Amos A. Lawrence]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: May 9, 1859
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson described the complicated political situation which had arisen from the development of Quindaro. Personal disagreements between Abelard Guthrie, S.N. Simpson, Joel Walker, and himself were making progress difficult. Robinson hoped that, upon their resolution, they could move forward with securing a contract with the Parkville & Grand River Railroad, as well as plans for a college. Two church groups had expressed interest in opening up their own institutions, or working with Robinson to found one. Robinson included a plat map for a prospective site, to which he did not entirely give his support; he added comments regarding the admission of women to the college, and thanked Lawrence again for his support of their enterprises.

Keywords: Churches; Divorce; Emery, James Stanley; Guthrie, Abelard; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Parkville & Grand River Railroad; Railroad companies; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Universities and colleges; Walker, Joel; Women; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, Augusta [J. Augusta Goodrich Griffing] to Dearest James [Griffing]
Authors: Griffing, Jemima August (Goodrich)
Date: August 7, 1859
J. Augusta (Goodrich) Griffing wrote from Owego, New York to her husband James in Topeka, Kansas Territory. Ms. Griffing was visiting her family in New York for the first time since her arrival in Kansas in 1855. She described visiting friends and extended family in the Owego area, attending church, and purchasing items that she planned to take back to Kansas. She also gave Mr. Griffing instructions on how to make pickles from cucumbers that he harvested from their kitchen garden in Kansas.

Keywords: Agriculture; Daily life; Food; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); New York; Owego, New York; Travel; Women


Letter, Augusta [J. Augusta Goodrich Griffing] to My Dear Husband [James Griffing]
Authors: Griffing, Jemima August (Goodrich)
Date: September 17, 1859
J. Augusta (Goodrich) Griffing wrote from Hartford, Connecticut to her husband James in Topeka, Kansas Territory. Mrs. Griffing was visiting family and friends in the East for the first time since her arrival in Kansas in 1855. She reported on her trip from Owego, New York to Hartford and her decision to leave her young son, Johnny, in the care of Mr. Griffing's family in Owego. She described Johnny's behavior in some detail. She informed Mr. Griffing that she planned to start her trip back to Kansas Territory in October 1859.

Keywords: Children; Connecticut; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); Hartford, Connecticut; Travel; Women


Letter, E. S. Whitney to Uncle Hiram
Authors: Whitney, E.S.
Date: November 24, 1859
E. S. Whitney, niece of Hiram Hill, wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to her uncle in Massachusetts. Whitney reported that money was scarce; the family was living in a hotel in town and they had begun renting their house. Her husband, Thaddeus Whitney, was unable to collect debts owed to him in order to travel to Pikes Peak. They all had recently suffered from an illness, but Thaddeus had begun building a new home on New Hampshire street.

Keywords: Construction; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Hill, Hiram; Illness; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush; Rent; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Whitney, E.S.; Whitney, Thaddeus L.; Women


Report of the Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools, Kansas, 1859
Authors: Greer, Samuel W
Date: 1859
This report, compared with that from the preceding year, demonstrates the rapid evolution of the public school system in Kansas Territory. Samuel Greer, Territorial Superintendent, included information regarding his own efforts, teacher's institutions and qualifications, private and Indian schools, female seminaries, colleges and universities, school libraries, and recommended curricula and textbooks, among other topics. Greer's report also published the individual reports from each County Superintendent.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Books; Education; Greer, Samuel Wiley; Kansas Territory; Libraries; Schools; Superintendent of Public Instruction; Teachers; Universities and colleges; Women


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Claim #280 was filed on behalf of Mrs. Mary Lovell, a widow, for property taken in August, 1856. She lived in Sugar Mound in Linn County. Her horses and household goods were taken by various armed groups and she stated she walked 25 miles to Westport, Missouri, because she feared for her life. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Damage claims; Horses; House furnishings; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lovell, Mary; Militia; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Women


Leavenworth City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy
Date: 1859
In addition to advertisements, and information about various civic institutions in Leavenworth, this city directory also contained an historical sketch of the city attributed to H. Miles Moore, one of Leavenworth's early settlers. Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials and community institutions. The volume contained a number of ads for businesses in St. Louis, Missouri. The item referenced a map that was supposed to serve as a street guide but it was not contained in the KSHS copy of this item.

Keywords: Advertisements; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Retail businesses; St. Louis, Missouri; Town development; Women


Barclay's Business Directory of Leavenworth for 1859
Authors: Pierse, Allen
Date: 1859
In addition to a listing of businesses and advertisements, the directory included the elected officials for the city of Leavenworth for 1858-59 and the newspapers published in Leavenworth. A few women are listed as owners of businesses. The information for the directory was compiled by Allen Pierse.

Keywords: Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pierse, Allen; Retail businesses; Town development; Women


Atchison City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy
Date: 1859
This was the first City Directory published for Atchison. In addition to advertisements, a street directory, and information about various civic institutions in Atchison, it also contained an historical sketch of the city written by Dr. J. H. Stringfellow, one of Atchison's "earliest pioneers." Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials.

Keywords: Advertisements; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Retail businesses; Stringfellow, John H.; Town development; Women


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Claim #240 was filed on behalf of Ann Hooper, who lived with her son John L. Hooper, near Lawrence. The items listed were destroyed or stolen in August and September, 1856, and included animals, crops and household items. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Crops; Damage claims; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hooper, Ann; Hooper, John L.; Horses; House furnishings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Livestock; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Women


First Semi-Annual Catalogue of Topeka Academy, For 1859-'60
Authors: Topeka Academy
Date: 1860
This catalog for the Topeka Academy listed the teachers, the committee of examination, the students (gentlemen and ladies were listed separately), information about the academy including costs and textbooks used. Two of the teachers were women.

Keywords: Community life; Daily life; Education; Schools; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Teachers; Topeka Academy; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Women


Photograph, Julia Louisa Hardy Lovejoy
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Circa 1861
Julia Lovejoy and her husband Charles Haseltine Lovejoy came to Kansas in 1855. Rev. Lovejoy was the second traveling Methodist preacher in Kansas Territory. They built the first house on the Manhattan Town Company site but moved to a farm near Baldwin, Kansas Territory in 1857.

Keywords: Baldwin, Kansas Territory; Cartes de visite; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lovejoy, Julia Hardy, 1812-1882; Lovejoy, Julia Louisa (see Lovejoy, Julia Hardy); Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Women


Reminiscences of Mrs. J. B. Abbott, De Soto, Sept. 1, 1895
Authors: Abbott, Mrs. James Burnett
Date: September 1, 1895
This reminiscence, apparently, was based on an interview by Miss Zu Adams with Mrs. J. B. Abbott in 1895 and typed from notes she had taken during the visit. Mrs. Abbott states that their home was one of the Underground Railway stations. She described the escape of a young male slave who came to the house while her husband was absent. Miss Adams was researching the topic of slaves in Kansas and contacted a number of early Kansas settlers requesting information about slaves brought to Kansas Territory. While all of the information she collected was based on reminiscences, it still provides useful information that is difficult, if not impossible, to find elsewhere. Miss Adams and her father F. G. Adams were employees of the Kansas State Historical Society and the information received was donated to that institution.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Abbott, Mrs. James Burnett; African Americans; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Slavery; Slaves; Slaves in Kansas Territory; Underground railroad; Women


Letter, Fannie E. Cole to Miss [Zu] Adams
Authors: Cole, Fannie E.
Date: October 20, 1895
Fannie Cole wrote about slaves in Kansas Territory that she remembered from her childhood. Her family came to the territory in the spring of 1855 and settled in Shawnee County. The families with slaves that she mentioned were George L. Young and his mother, John Young, Louis Harris, and Perry Fleshman. This item is from information collected by Miss Zu Adams in 1895. She was researching the topic of slaves in Kansas and contacted a number of early Kansas settlers requesting information about slaves brought to Kansas Territory. While all of the information she collected was based on reminiscences, it still provides useful information that is difficult, if not impossible, to find elsewhere. Miss Adams and her father F. G. Adams were employees of the Kansas State Historical Society and the information received was donated to that institution.

Keywords: African Americans; Cole, Fannie E.; Fleshman, Perry; Harris, Louis; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Slavery; Slaves; Slaves in Kansas Territory; Women; Young, George L.; Young, John


Photograph, Florella Brown Adair
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Florella Brown Adair was the wife of Samuel Lyle Adair and the half sister of John Brown. She settled near Osawatomie with her husband who was a Congregational minister. She and her husband were free state supporters.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Card photographs; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Women


Photograph, Florella Brown Adair
Authors: Snyder & Steinhoff
Date: 
Florella Brown Adair was the wife of Samuel Lyle Adair and the half sister of John Brown. She settled near Osawatomie with her husband who was a Congregational minister. She and her husband were free state supporters. The identification on the photograph indicates this is an enlargement of a small photograph taken in 1862.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Cabinet photographs; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Snyder & Steinhoff; Women


Photo album presented by Ladies of Lawrence
Authors: Ladies of Lawrence
Date: c. 1862
This photo album was presented to Edmund Gibson Ross, Commandant at Lawrence, by the Ladies of Lawrence for his action of closing the liquor shops in the town. Contains portraits of George Addison Crawford, Governor Samuel Johnson, John K. Rankin, Brinton Webb Woodward, among many other lesser known and unidentified subjects.

Keywords: Crawford, George Addison; Crawford, Samuel Johnson; DaLee, A.G.; Ladies of Lawrence; Rankin, John K.; Ross, Edmund G. (Edmund Gibson), 1826-1907; Temperance movement; Women; Woodward, Brinton Webb


Ambrotype [Photograph], Sarah T.D. Robinson
Authors: Mettner Studios of Lawrence
Date: c. 1850s
Ambrotype portrait of Sarah T.D. Robinson, wife of Free State activist and first governor of the state of Kansas, Charles Robinson.

Keywords: Ambrotypes; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Women


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

The current URL is http://www.territorialkansasonline.org/~imlskto/cgi-bin/index.php?SCREEN=keyword&selected_keyword=Women&sor
t_by=true&submit=Go&allresults=1.
This file was last modified September 12 2013 04:09:26 PM.