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52 results for Transportation:
Ho! For Kansas! Eldridge Brothers' Express & Daily Post Coach Line
Authors: Eldridge Brothers
Date: Unknown date
This printed notice for the Eldridge Brothers' coach line advertises the fare to Lawrence as $3.50. They had routes from Kansas City to Lecompton, Lawrence to Osawatomie, and Lawrence to Leavenworth City. The notice includes information about the coaches, food, and changes of horses.

Keywords: Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Stagecoaches; Transportation


Letter, [James Griffing] to [J. Augusta Goodrich]
Authors: Griffing, James Sayre
Date: October 15, 1854 - October 25, 1854
James Griffing wrote from the bank of the Illinois River in Illinois and Milton, Missouri to his fiancee J. Augusta Goodrich in Owego, New York. Griffing, a Methodist minister, described the daily routine of his overland journey from Indianapolis, Indiana to Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Daily life; Emigration and immigration; Food; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); Illinois; Missouri; Transportation; Travel; Wagons


Letter, Tovey, R. [Robert] A. to My Dear Wife [Eliza (Matthew) Tovey]
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: c. 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr., an Englishman traveling to Kansas Territory, wrote to his wife Eliza (Matthew) Tovey, at their home it Albany, New York. Tovey recounted his travel experiences by steamboat and rail. Throughout, he provided detailed scenic descriptions from New York, the Great Lakes, Detroit, Illinois, St. Louis, and the Missouri River. Tovey, coming into contact with slavery on his journey, included brief commentary on the subject.

Keywords: Diseases; Medicine; Missouri River; New York; Railroads; Slavery; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Transportation; Travel


Circular, Plan of Operations of the Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Date: 1854
This circular, written "for the purpose of answering numerous inquiries, concerning the plan of operation of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company, and the resources of the Kansas Territory", contains two sections. The first outlines the objectives and plans of the Aid Company; the second, longer portion, serves as a type of almanac about journeying to and settling in Kansas Territory. The Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was the predecessor of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which was formed in 1855.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Circulars; Crops; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Landscape; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Native Americans; Park, George S.; Smoky Hill Valley, Kansas Territory; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Transportation; Wakarusa River; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, [Hiram Hill] to Dear Wife
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: May 7, 1855
Hiram Hill of Williamsburgh, Massachusetts wrote to his wife while traveling up the Missouri River from St. Louis to Kansas City. Hill was a free soil sympathizer evidentially traveling with a company of like-minded settlers, for he wrote that some steamboat passengers viewed the company with "rather suspitious eyes." Hill told his wife not to worry although one family had cholera and, on another boat, fifteen had died the previous week. The letter, written hastily in pencil, is not signed.

Keywords: Diseases; Hill, Hiram; Missouri River; Sickness (see Illness); Steamboats; Transportation; Travel; Water transportation


Letter, H. Hill to Dear Brother
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: May 13, 1855
After arriving in Kansas City by steamboat, Hiram Hill wrote to his brother. En route, four men had died of cholera while others continued to drink and play cards nearby. Disease fatalities were common, Hill reported. He speculated that the river water, which passengers drank, was contaminated with disease from the rich prairie soil. Hill described life at the Winedot [sic] Indian Reservation (beginning at the bottom of page 2) where he met the "prinsable chiefe" and saw the governor's sister. Hill related news concerning Mr. Putnam, Mr. Tomas, Mr. Gague, Mr. Jay, Mr. Partridge, Mr. Whitman, Mr. Pomeroy, Mr. Fuller and others. He was skeptical that these men would permanently settle in Kansas Territory. Hill also described Kansas City, which he thought would improve under "yankee," rather than "slave holder," management. (Hill's final destination was Lawrence, where he acquired town lots through quit claims not included in this online project.)

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Burial; Diseases; Emigration and immigration; Hill, Hiram; Kansas City, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Steamboats; Transportation; Travel; Weather; Wyandot Indians


Letter, Ellen [Goodnow] to Dear Sister Harriet [Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, Ellen
Date: July 21, 1855
Ellen Goodnow, recently arrived at her homestead near Manhattan, Kansas Territory, wrote to her sister-in-law Harriet Goodnow in New England, regarding her trip West and her impressions of Kansas Territory. Ellen described her journey in a detailed but concise manner, and, in her first impressions, likened Kansas to "another garden of Eden. . .too good for bondage, or for the oppressor's rod [references to slavery]." A devout Christian woman, she also expressed her opinion that Satan held influence over the Missourians. Despite this ominous presence, Ellen still tried to convince Harriet to join them in the Territory.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Harriet; Railroads; Settlement; Stagecoaches; Transportation; Travel; Water transportation


Letter, James [Griffing] to My Dear Augusta [J. Augusta Goodrich]
Authors: Griffing, James Sayre
Date: August 29, 1855
James Griffing wrote from the steamboat New Lucy on the Missouri River to his fiancee J. Augusta Goodrich in Owego, New York. Griffing, a Methodist minister, was on his way back to New York to get married. He commented upon the concerns that Ms. Goodrich likely was experiencing as she prepared to leave her New York home to join him in Kansas Territory. Griffing tried to convince his fiancee that they would make a good home for themselves in Kansas. He also expressed the opinion that the "excitement upon the slavery question" in Kansas Territory was exaggerated and that serious violence over the issue was unlikely.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare - Free state perspective; Courtship; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); Marriage; Propaganda; Transportation; Travel


Passengers' Contract Ticket
Authors: Phipps, Shaw, and Lowther
Date: August 29, 1855
Robert L. Gilbert, a 21-year-old Englishman, purchased a ticket to travel from London, England, to New York, departing on Sept. 6, 1855. The ticket lists travel requirements such as luggage size, provisions provided, and an appointment time for a medical examination, which was required before departure. Gilbert would eventually dock in New York, renounce his allegiance to England, and travel to Kansas Territory to a farm nine miles north of Lawrence.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; England; Gilbert, Robert L.; Immigrants; Phipps, Shaw & Lowther; Transportation; Travel


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. S. S. Jocelyn
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: September 8, 1855
This long letter was written in Osawatomie to Jocelyn, who was Samuel Adair's contact with the American Missionary Association. The first three pages dealt with some disagreement over Adair's salary and support that was to be provided by the association, his efforts on behalf of religion, and prospects for a "union" church building that would be shared by several denominations. The last page discussed economic conditions in Kansas Territory and the difficulty of getting items to Kansas either via the Missouri River or by overland freighting from St. Louis. This appears to be a draft of a letter sent to Jocelyn.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; American Missionary Association; Churches; Economic conditions; Freight and freightage; Jocelyn, S. S.; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Missouri River; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Transportation


Letter, C. K. Holliday to My Dear Wife [Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: September 26, 1855 - September 30, 1855
Cyrus K. Holliday wrote twelve pages from Topeka, Kansas Territory to his wife, Mary Holliday, in Meadville, Pennsylvania. Anxious to have her and their young daughter, Lillie, with him, and unable to come for them himself, Cyrus gave detailed business and travel instructions. He suggested that I. H. Lenhart go to New York to exchange their bonds for gold or bills from the State Bank of Missouri. Mary was to keep the money close and beware of thieves. He also gave instructions concerning route, railroads and steamboats, tickets, baggage, and escorts. Cyrus suggested that Mary travel with F. R. Foster of Spring Corners, Pennsylvania or an agent of an Express Company. Her safety and ease during the nine day journey was his main concern. (Mary and Lillie did not join Cyrus in Topeka until March 1857.)

Keywords: Bonds; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Money; Railroads; Steamboats; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Transportation; Travel


Letter, C. K. Holliday to My Dear Wife [Mary Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: October 7, 1855
Cyrus K. Holliday, founder of Topeka, Kansas Territory, advised his wife in Meadville, Pennsylvania concerning travel. He restated advice from his much longer letter of September 26th. He wrote of his nomination, yet to be confirmed by vote, as a delegate to the Topeka Constitutional Convention. Holliday decided to decline the editorship of The Kansas Freeman. He expressed sympathy for Lizzie Holliday, his wife's sister, and suggested boarding when Mary Holliday and their daughter Lillie arrived, as he had not yet built a house.

Keywords: Elections; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Health; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Kansas Freeman; Meadville, Pennsylvania; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Transportation; Travel


Pamphlet, History of Kanzas
Authors: Walker, George
Date: 1855
The full title of George Walker's pamphlet is "History of Kanzas, also, Information Regarding Routes, Laws, etc, etc". Walker, an Agent and Master of Emigration for the New York Kanzas League, included what he saw as "all the information required by an emigrant to Kanzas; so far, at least, as relates to the situation of the Territory". He also included advice when traveling through slave states, suggesting that "the emigrant should avoid all unnecessary allusion to slavery."

Keywords: Economic development; Free state perspective; Kansas Territory; Landscape; Legal documents; Livestock; Natural resources; Roads; Slavery; Squatter sovereignty; Timber; Transportation; Travel; Travel literature; Walker, George


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1855
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1855
Thomas Webb compiled the information in this circular not to "entice people to go to the Kanzas", but rather to "collect the best and most reliable information relative to the Territory, and furnish the same to those desiring it." The circular provides details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas: when and how it should be done, and what provisions to take, for example. It also includes information about subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, to name a few.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Circulars; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Timber; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Narrative," A Twelve Months Practical Life in Kansas Territory, written by an actual settler"
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: ca. 1855
Robert Atkins Tovey wrote these pages so that "those who are going forth with their wives & children, their property, yea their all on earth should have the information covering the country to which they are making a Pilgrimage" from someone who has recently made the same journey. Broken up into chapters by subject, Tovey gave advice about the journey and settlement, provisions, land claims, soil, and weather, in addition to providing commentary about the current political situation and his disgust at the "Mob law" being imposed by the Missourians.

Keywords: African Americans; American Indians (see also Native Americans); Daily life; Election fraud; Free state perspective; Kansas Territory; Landscape; Missourians; Native Americans; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Settlement; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Slavery; Slaves; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Transportation; Travel; Weather


Bill, Furnished the Freestate Party
Authors: Blanton, Napoleon B.
Date: May 15, 1856
This itemized list of items reportedly "furnished the freestate Party" was submitted by Napoleon B. Blanton of Douglas Co., who operated a toll bridge over the Wakarusa River south of Lawrence. The total bill was for $191.26, including provisions and tolls: "I have thrown my bridge open free for the freestate party from the 15th of May to the 20th of September. . ."

Keywords: Blanton, Napolean Bonaparte; Blantons Bridge; Blood, James; Food; Free State Party; Transportation; Wakarusa River


Circular, To the Friends of Free Kansas
Authors: Kansas Central Committee of Iowa
Date: July 4, 1856
This printed circular, written at Iowa City, Iowa, described an alternative migration route to Kansas that traveled through Iowa. This route would allow antislavery emigrants to avoid traveling through Missouri. The circular also appealed to emigrant aid committees in the East to provide funds to send Iowans to Kansas.

Keywords: Circulars; Clark, W. Penn; Downey, H. D.; Emigration and immigration; Hobart, C. W.; Iowa; Iowa City, Iowa; Kansas Central Committee of Iowa; Transportation; Travel


Letter, J. F. Tallant to Hon. E. Thayer
Authors: Tallant, J. F.
Date: July 15, 1856
J. F. Tallant wrote from Burlington, Iowa to Eli Thayer in Worcester, Massachusetts, seeking Thayer's endorsement of a plan to build a railroad across southern Iowa from Burlington, on the Mississippi River, to a point on the Missouri River. He observed that the federal government recently passed an Iowa land bill donating alternate sections of land to four railroad routes from the Mississippi River to the Missouri River. Tallant maintained that the proposed southern Iowa route would provide an easier route to Kansas for antislavery supporters.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Iowa; Railroads; Tallant, J. F.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Transportation


Receipt, N. M'Cracken to William Hutchinson
Authors: Morgan, J. F.
Date: November 27, 1856
Unlike most of the other receipts for money or merchandise saved by James Blood for the Kansas State Central Committee, this one was on a pre-printed form and issued by "N'Mcracken" of Leavenworth for merchandise to be delivered to William Hutchinson at Lawrence. It was actually signed by J. F. Morgan, who apparently delivered the goods from Leavenworth to Lawrence and "received pay of J. Blood" on January 26, 1857.

Keywords: Blood, James; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Kansas State Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Merchandise; Receipts; Relief; Transportation


Kansas Experience of Charles E. Dewey
Authors: Dewey, Charles E.
Date: December 24, 1856
In this testimony, Charles E. Dewey described how his family and others in their party traveled to Kansas from Ohio. The group sought advice from S. C. Pomeroy about where to settle, and at his urging, they located on South Pottawatomie Creek, possibly in Anderson County. He included in this testimony the names and stories of people that he encountered on his journey and during his early years in the territory. One particularly interesting account was the conflict between a group of Germans and Dewey's party over possession of land claims. Dewey also included details of the difficulties for settlers in Kansas Territory during the years 1855 and 1856. Furthermore, within this testimony he states the experiences of the Winkly brothers who were boarding with him.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Claims (see Damage claims or Land claims); Crops; Dewey, Charles E.; Emigration and immigration; Germans; Health; Illness; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Livestock; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory; Sickness (see Illness); Transportation; Weather


Broadside, Chicago and Burlington Railroad "Iowa and Kanzas Spring Arrangement", 1856
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856
This 1856 advertisement for the Chicago and Burlington Railroad presented its new seasonal schedule, or "Spring Arrangement", which included maps and information about the company's routes from Chicago to Illinois, Iowa, and Missouri, and connection with stagecoach lines in Kansas.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Illinois; Iowa; Maps; Missouri; Railroad companies; Railroads; Stagecoaches; Transportation; Travel


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1856
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1856
Thomas Webb expanded the information in his previous version of this circular to produce a more current edition. Topics such as travel routes, preparation, and provisions are still discussed, while more information regarding town settlements, accommodations, and family life are new additions.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brown, John Carter; Cities and towns; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Timber; Town development; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Advertisement, Three Steamboats on the Kansas River
Authors: F. A. Hunt and Company
Date: 1857
F. A. Hunt & Co., steamboat and land agents, advertised steamboat travel on the Kansas River between Wyandott and Manhattan.

Keywords: Advertisements; F. A. Hunt & Co.; Steamboats; Transportation


Letter, Anson J. Stone to Rev. T. W. Higginson
Authors: Stone, Anson J.
Date: March 12, 1857
This letter written by Anson Stone, assistant treasurer of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, was sent to inform Thomas Higginson of the fares for traveling to Kansas. He included the prices of tickets for each leg of the journey between Boston and Kansas City, with a total price of $34.00. Stone wrote the letter from the company's office at 3 Winter Street, Boston, Massachusetts.

Keywords: Albany, New York; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Kansas City, Kansas Territory; Prices; St. Louis, Missouri; Stone, Anson J.; Transportation


Letter, Hiram Hill to Dear Brother
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: March 18, 1857
Hiram Hill, en route to Kansas Territory, wrote from Jefferson City, Missouri, to his brother back east. Hill reported that the journey so far had been pleasant, though they had been delayed by a train wreck and were currently waiting for a boat to take them up the River. He mentioned his experiences with border ruffians, finding that they were "civil" unless they "get too much whiskey down". Hill lamented the resignation of Kansas Territory's Governor Geary, but related that he saw the new marshal, who was on his way to K.T., in St. Louis.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Hill, Hiram; Jefferson City, Missouri; Newspapers; Railroads; Transportation; Travel


Letter, John Brown to Dear Wife [Mary Brown] & Children every one
Authors: Brown, John , 1800-1859
Date: July 17, 1857
In a very brief letter to his "wife & children," John Brown wrote from Iowa, en route to Kansas, that travel was slow because of the freight they were hauling and that little news of interest was coming from Kansas." He closed: "I would give anything to know that I should be permitted to see you all again in this life. But Gods will be done. To his infinite grace I commend you all."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Mary Ann Day, 1816-1884; Iowa; Kansas Territory; Religion; Transportation; Travel


Letter, John Brown to Genl. Jas. H. Lane
Authors: Brown, John , 1800-1859
Date: September 30, 1857
At the end of September 1857, Brown wrote to tell Lane that it would "be next to impossible in my poor state of health" to travel to K.T. "on such very short notice. I think, considering all the uncertainties of the case, want of teams, &c, that I should do wrong to set out. I am disappointed in the extreme."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Free state cause; Free state militia; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Tabor, Iowa; Transportation; Travel


Letter, [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: October 16, 1857
Joseph H. Trego wrote from his cabin in Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife Alice in Rock Island, Illinois, about his journey from Kansas City to Sugar Mound. His friends, Thomas Ellwood Smith (Ell) and his brother Edwin (Ed), and himself were poorly prepared as they expected to stay in public houses during the journey, not camp outside as their wagon transportation preferred. As the road they took went right down the Missouri state line, Trego contrasted the well-established farms to the East with the "open, wild prairie" to the West. He and his brother, upon arriving at their cabin, found that they had "Hoosier" neighbors (from Indiana), who were pleasant but proslavery. Trego recounted the difficulty they had acquiring home furnishings and food, fighting adverse weather at every turn. He spoke at length of how he was comforted by writing to his wife, as he and his friends greatly missed their families.

Keywords: Daily life; Domestics; Hunting; Kansas City, Missouri; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Marais des Cygnes River; Merchandise; Proslavery supporters; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Transportation; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Wagons; Weather


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1857
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1857
Thomas Webb compiled this more comprehensive version of his earlier circulars by the same name. Containing much of the same information as the previous versions, such as details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas and subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, it features a large section that describes individual town settlements. This circular also addresses the proslavery and free state conflict, though in a nonpartisan manner, considering the interests of both groups.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Books; Brown, John Carter; Circulars; Crops; Diseases; Education; Food; Guns; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Libraries; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Religion; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Town settlement; Transportation; Travel literature; Weapons (see also Guns); Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Circular, The Lawrence Landing
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857
This circular advertised that the Lawrence landing was in Delaware City, Kansas Territory. Delaware City lay on the Missouri River and it was closer to Lawrence than either Leavenworth or Quindaro; therefore, the most convenient way to ship goods over the river route would be to have them land at Delaware City. Delaware City had recently come into the hands of free state settlers, who wrote this circular to improve the town and to encourage emigration.

Keywords: Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Freight and freightage; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Town promotion; Transportation


Plan of the Topeka Bridge
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1858
This bridge, the first bridge over the Kansas River from Topeka, was built in 1857 through the efforts of the Topeka Association. It was destroyed by wind in 1858 and took several months to rebuild. The diagram is undated.

Keywords: Bridges; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Transportation


Letter, Ms. Maria Felt to Dear Mr. [Thomas W.] Higginson
Authors: Felt, Maria
Date: June 25, 1858
Miss Felt wrote this letter to Thomas Higginson, telling of her journey from Clinton, Massachusetts to Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Apparently, she was emigrating to Kansas in order to teach school. Miss Felt and her party traveled by train until they reached Alton, Illinois, where they took a steamer along the Mississippi to St. Louis. From there they traveled to Jefferson City and finally reached Leavenworth, Kansas Territory. At that point they traveled to Lawrence by stagecoach and Indian canoe. Once she had arrived in Lawrence, which she found to be a pretty town, she became acquainted with James Redpath, R. J. Hinton, Samuel Tappan, and George Stearns. She also called on Ephraim Nute, but she disliked both him and his wife, writing that they "sat up like two icicles." This letter appears to have been edited at some later date.

Keywords: Felt, Maria; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Nute, Ephraim; Railroads; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Schools; St. Louis, Missouri; Stagecoaches; Steamboats; Transportation; Travel; Water transportation; Weather; Women


Stockholders in the Topeka Bridge Company
Authors: Topeka Bridge Company
Date: July 21, 1858
This document lists the various individuals who provided support to rebuild the Topeka Bridge, which was destroyed by wind in 1858, shortly after being completed.

Keywords: Bridges; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Dickey, Milton C.; Farnsworth, Loring; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Bridge Company; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Transportation


Financial Statements, M. F. Conway to N. E. Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Conway, Martin Franklin
Date: August 1, 1858 - January 1, 1859
These monthly financial statements, submitted by Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory, detailed company income and expenditures for a six month period between July and December 1858. Conway provided particularly full accounts of his traveling expenses during frequent trips around the territory.

Keywords: Account books; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Finance; Financial statements; Food; Hotels; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stagecoaches; Transportation; Travel


Diary, Anna Margaret (Watson) Randolph
Authors: Randolph, Anna Margaret (Watson)
Date: August 17, 1858 - August 22, 1858
This diary, kept by Anna Margaret (Watson) Randolph, begins with her move to Kansas in an entry dated August 17, 1858. These six entries at the beginning of her diary provide details about her family's journey from Ohio to Kansas Territory, included a number of interesting accounts of their journey on a riverboat. Their boat ran aground several times and, interspersed among her descriptions of these difficulties, Anna wrote about her sister Mary Jane, the weather, and her personal observances of other passengers. She also filled her diary with her frustrations and concerns during their arduous journey west.

Keywords: Cincinnati, Ohio; Diaries; Emigration and immigration; Ohio; Randolph, Anna Margaret (Watson); Transportation; Travel; Water transportation


Letter, J. I. [John Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: September 23, 1858
On the first leg of his move to Sumner, Kansas Territory, John J. Ingalls, a 24-year-old Massachusetts lawyer, wrote this brief letter from Boston, Mass., to his father, Elias T. Ingalls. Here Ingalls wrote regarding the fare and "the best method of getting West."

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; New York; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Transportation; Travel


Letter, J. I. [John Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: September 25, 1858
From the Angier House, Cleveland, Ohio, Ingalls wrote to tell his father of the journey to date, which had taken him through Buffalo, N.Y., and offered "the opportunity, long coveted, to visit Niagara Falls." Ingalls describes the train trip from Buffalo to Cleveland and Lake Erie.

Keywords: Buffalo, New York; Cleveland, Ohio; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Niagra Falls; Railroads; Steamboats; Transportation


Letter, J. B. Chapman to Dear Sir [Oscar E. Learnard]
Authors: Chapman, John Butler
Date: September 28, 1858
John B. Chapman wrote from Mandovi, Kansas Territory to Oscar Learnard regarding the location of "prospective Rail Roads" and his efforts toward "making Burlington a point" on the road to Emporia. He mentioned the importance of citizen's support for the construction of the line--"subscription of stock, donations, & credit"--to assure its location and some additional problems faced by the rapid advancement of railroads.

Keywords: Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Burlington, Kansas Territory; Butler, John B.; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Railroads; Railroads design and construction; Transportation


Letter, J. J. I. [John J. Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: October 5, 1858
In this first, rather lengthy letter from Sumner, K.T., Ingalls recorded his "impressions" of St. Louis, Missouri, and detailed the combination rail and steamboat trip across Missouri to Kansas Territory. St. Louis had "a hasty, unfinished appearance," from Ingalls's perspective, and "So much filth and poverty. . . ." He was delighted to leave that city and soon road the "Pacific Railroad" as far as Herman, Missouri, where he boarded the steamer "Duncan S. Carter," which is described in some detail, along with the trip up river. Ingalls arrived at his Kansas destination on Monday, October 4, 1858.

Keywords: Immigrants; Jefferson City, Missouri; Kansas City, Missouri; Missouri River; Pacific railroads; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Transportation


Circular to Kansas Emigrants
Authors: Beidler, Harry M.
Date: cira 1858
This printed circular was written by Harry M. Beidler and promoted the advantages of Atchison, Kansas Territory as a shipping point as well as a city in which to locate. There is a map at the top of the page showing the distance from Atchison to various points in Kansas. The advertisement indicated that Atchison was the closest river town to various communities, particularly thos on the Kansas river. It discussed that Atchison was to have the first railroad connection in Kansas Territory. Beidler described the city and its various businesses. A table set into the document showed who had shipped goods through Atchison, the destination of those goods, the number of wagons used, and the poundage of merchandise shipped.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Beidler, Harry M.; Emigration and immigration; Freight and freightage; Maps; Missouri River; Natural resources; Transportation


Leslie's Illustrated, Ship of the Plains at Sea.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1858
Illustration from an unknown publication, probably Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. The scene depicts wagons crossing the prairies.

Keywords: Commerce; Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Objects; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement; Transportation


Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: January 2, 1859
From Lawrence, K.T., where he went to lobby the territorial legislature on behalf of Sumner's city charter and a "Pikes Peak Express Company," John J. Ingalls wrote to tell his father about the journey that took him through Leavenworth. He made some interesting observations about the condition of the roads and the general discomfort involved in overland travel ("The coaches are constructed with special reference to safety in passing over corduroy roads, through sloughs and ravines, having no regard whatever to the comfort of the passengers."), as well as nice descriptions of both cities, Leavenworth and Lawrence.

Keywords: Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Delaware Indians; Eldridge House; Ferries; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Kansas Legislature; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush; Roads; Stagecoaches; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Territorial government; Transportation; Wakarusa River


Letter, Andrew J. Mead to Friend [John A.] Halderman
Authors: Mead, Andrew J.
Date: March 14, 1859
In a letter marked "Confidential" and dated March 14, 1859, Andrew J. Mead of Manhattan wrote to enlist Halderman in his (Mead's) effort to get Russell, Majors, & Waddell to use a new Blue River ferry at Manhattan called Johnstons ferry when they began hauling freight over the "Great Central Route via Smoky Hill" to the gold mines. Mead was "deeply interested" in this ferry and wished to negotiate a contract with the freighters for its use.

Keywords: Blue River, Kansas Territory; Ferries; Freight and freightage; Halderman, John Adams; Johnstons Ferry, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Mead, Andrew J.; Pikes Peak gold rush; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Smoky Hill Trail, Kansas Territory; Transportation


Letter, Sherman [W. T.], Ewing [Thomas] & McCook to Geo. B. Parker
Authors: Sherman, Ewing & McCook
Date: April 4, 1859
Although unclear as to the exact nature of the litigation, this letter from the Leavenworth firm pertained to the taking of depositions in "the case against the steamboat 'Isabella.'" The "Isabella" was a side-wheeler which made regular runs to Sioux City during 1858, and in this case apparently came to the aid of the "Kate Howard" when ice forced her to "give up her trip."

Keywords: Courts; Isabella (steamboat); Kate Howard (steamboat); Keiser, John D.; Lawsuits; Lawyers; McCook, Dan; Missouri River; Parker, George B.; Sherman, Ewing & McCook; Steamboats; Transportation


Letter, James R. Mead to My dear Father
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: August 13, 1859
In this letter, James Mead wrote from Tecumseh, Kansas Territory, to his father about his efforts to secure a claim. He included information about the people of the territory, and the beautiful vegetation and flourishing towns. Mead also spoke of the immense amount of traffic along the Santa Fe Trail, and of the roads to Lecompton and Topeka which he declared were "the best roads I ever saw anywhere." He also described the buildings of Burlingame, Kansas Territory and the make up of the community. At the end of the letter, he mentioned the new constitution, which "is all Free State."

Keywords: Burlingame, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claims; Mead, James R.; Osage County, Kansas Territory; Prices; Roads; Santa Fe road; Transportation; Travel; Wagon trains


Photograph, Paola, Kansas, 1860s
Authors: Brown's Photographic Gallery, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas
Date: c. 1860
A street scene in Paola, Kansas, 1860s. The photograph was taken by Brown's Photographic Gallery, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas.

Keywords: Brown's Photographic Gallery; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Commerce; Covered wagons; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Paola, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Transportation


Letter, A. J. Beach to S. N. Wood
Authors: Beach, A. J.
Date: April 22, 1860
Writing from Beach Valley (Rice Co.), K.T., A. J. Beach sought Wood's legal advice with regard to his options in a bridge dispute. It seemed that Beach had received a charter to build a toll bridge [over Cow Creek], and another party (William Edwards, et al) put up a "temporary" one before his was finished. They were now diverting traffic away from Beach's completed bridge. "I wish to know if anything can be done with them at law . . ."

Keywords: Beach Valley, Kansas Territory; Beach, A. J.; Lawsuits; Lawyers; Rice County, Kansas Territory; Toll bridges; Transportation; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, A. J. Beach to [Samuel N.] Wood & Perkins
Authors: Beach, A. J.
Date: May 6, 1860
As with his letter to Wood of April 22, A. J. Beach explained his Cow Creek bridge dispute with William Edwards and O. G. Stanley, but here Beach seemed to officially retain the services of Wood & Perkins. "I can prove," wrote Beach, "that they have asked trains to cross their bridge, taken toll on it, and repaired it with the avowed intention of making it a free bridge and taking the travel away from mine." Beach claimed to be losing $20 a day in tolls.

Keywords: Beach Valley, Kansas Territory; Beach, A. J.; Cow Creek, Kansas Territory; Edwards, William; Lawyers; Rice County, Kansas Territory; Stanley, O. G.; Toll bridges; Transportation; Wood and Perkins


Letter, W. H. Powell to "Dear Sir" [James Blood]
Authors: Powell, W. H.
Date: September 12, 1860
A Rev. Charles Reynolds, who wrote to Blood on the 7th and the 10th of September, had raised some $600-$700 in relief money and contacted Powell to ask him to purchase and ship some "winter wheat" to Kansas Territory. Writing from his home in Springfield, Powell indicated that he would do so "with pleasure" but the "best winter wheat" had just been sold. He intended to locate a good supply and ship it by railroad as soon as possible.

Keywords: Agriculture; Blood, James; Chicago, Illinois; Crops; National Kansas Committee; Railroads; Relief; Reynolds, Charles; Springfield, Illinois; Transportation


Letter, C. W. Holder to J. Blood Esq.
Authors: Holder, C. W.
Date: October 27, 1860
As were several other individuals from Illinois, Holder wrote to notify Blood that the people in his community (around Bloomington, Illinois) were eager to share their "abundance" with "their brethren in Kansas." They were preparing to send potatoes, as well as wheat and oats, but needed help purchasing sacks and paying freight; "our people as you are probably aware are just recovering from the financial pressure of the past 3 years" and thus had "little money."

Keywords: Agriculture; Blood, James; Crops; Droughts; Illinois; Panic of 1857; Relief; Transportation


Narrative, Autobiography of Robert S. Gilbert
Authors: Gilbert, Robert L.
Date: undated
Robert Gilbert, an Englishman who had immigrated to the United States and settled in Douglas County in 1855, recounted some events of his early life. This autobiography includes notes on his birthplace, education, profession, and journey to America, "the land of the free." After arriving in Douglas County, Gilbert would defend Lawrence with other free state men in the Wakarusa War.

Keywords: Daily life; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Emigration and immigration; England; Gilbert, Robert L.; Immigrants; Kansas Territory; New York; Transportation; Travel


Newspaper clipping, illustration of wagon at campsite on the plains.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Illustration of wagon and two men camped on the plains. Men are preparing a meal over a fire while their oxen graze.

Keywords: Transportation; Travel; Wagon trains


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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