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113 results for Town development:
Letter, R. A. Tovey to My Dear Wife
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: January 23, 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr., wrote to his wife, Eliza (Matthew) Tovey, at their home in Albany, New York. Tovey reported that, since the freezing of the Missouri River, mail was slow, and he had lost his job making stove fixings because of the inability to obtain materials from steamboat transport. Tovey also described his friend Swifts' problems maintaining ownership of his land claim, and the prospect that he himself may participate in a new town's development.

Keywords: Commerce; Labor; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Missouri River; Religion; Squatters; Swift, J. Dedan; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Town development; Weather


Letter, Your Affectionate Husband [Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr.] to My Dear Wife [Eliza (Matthew) Tovey]
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: March 22, 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr., wrote to his wife, Eliza (Matthew) Tovey at their home in Albany, New York. Tovey mentioned his current task of finding a suitable land claim. He discussed the situations of his nearest neighbors as recent homesteaders and businessmen. Tovey also remarked on the "great deal of excitement" surrounding the prospect of forming a territorial legislature and anticipated "a smart fight" between proslavery and free state men.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Merchants; Swift, J. Dedan; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Town development; Weather


Meeting Minutes, Leavenworth Association
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date: July 26, 1854
The Leavenworth Association met "on the tract of the Association's land" in Kansas Territory at the house of G. B. Parton. The minutes included a report listing all the members of the association and described the progress made in clearing land for a town site.

Keywords: Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Parton, G. B.; Town companies; Town development; Town sites


Minute Book
Authors: Kickapoo City Association
Date: August 28, 1854 - October 1, 1858
This minute book documented the founding of the Kickapoo City Association in Leavenworth County and its transactions through October 1, 1858. It contained the association's by-laws. It was a fairly complete example of how a town association conducted business, including surveying the proposed site, acquiring title to the land involved, sale of shares, and efforts to make the town attractive to prospective settlers. Meetings were held on the town site or in Weston, Missouri.

Keywords: Kickapoo City Association; Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Town companies; Town development; Town promotion; Town shares; Town site speculation


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Mr. [Amos Adams] Lawrence
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: September 22, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Samuel Pomeroy wrote from a settlement, which would come to be called Lawrence, in Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Lawrence was an investor who sponsored the emigrant group who would settle the town of Lawrence. Pomeroy reported that Charles Robinson had been elected President of the Lawrence Association, the first governing body of the town. He was enthusiastic about the abundance of timber resources in the area, which, once secured from the Indians, would make for a good business enterprise. Emigrants were arriving in droves, filling the hotels and increasing demand for land claims. Though he remained positive, Pomeroy warned "Don't make yourselves believe that the slave holders have given up Kansas!" and anticipated a political battle during the upcoming Territorial Legislature election.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Branscomb, Charles H.; Business enterprises; Elections; Emigration and immigration; Hotels; Illness; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery supporters; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development


Letter, C. Robinson to A. A. Lawrence Esq.
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: October 16, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society.Charles Robinson wrote from Kansas Territory to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson recounted to Lawrence the recent discussion of the new settlement's name, believing "Wakarusa" to be inappropriate and rejecting the names of Eastern cities already in existence. There appeared to be unanimous support for the name "Lawrence", which had fallen into common use, though it had not been officially adopted. Robinson advised Lawrence that a naming committee would be in contact with him soon to give him formal notice of the adoption of "Lawrence" as the settlement's official name.

Keywords: Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lum, S. Y; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Town development


Letter, C. Robinson to A. A. Lawrence Esq.
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 18, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson thanked Lawrence for his unfailing support of the enterprise of the Territory and claimed his devotion to work done in his interest. He discussed Lawrence's development, having secured the offices of three free state newspapers, but expressed anxiety about the upcoming territorial election. However, Robinson vowed that his men would not resort to fraudulent voting to win the majority over proslavery supporters.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Business enterprises; Election fraud; Elections; Elliott, Robert G.; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Newspapers; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sawmills; Speer, John, 1817-1906; Town development


Articles of Agreement, Hiram Hill and Thaddeus L. Whitney
Authors: Hill, Hiram ; Whitney, Thaddeus L.
Date: January 6, 1855
Thaddeus L. Whitney of Lawrence, Kansas Territory agreed to build a house in Lawrence for Hiram Hill of Williamsburgh, Massachusetts. Dimensions and materials were described in detail. Construction was to be completed "in good workmanlike manner." The time and amount of payment also were established. The articles of agreement were signed by Whitney, Hill, and S. N. Simpson as witness.

Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Houses; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Whitney, Thaddeus L.


Freedom's Struggle in Kansas
Authors: Snodgrass, J. E.
Date: February 26, 1855
This printed circuletter is addressed "to the Friends of Freedom." In it, J. E. Snodgrass expressed his antislavery sentiments and claimed he knew about slavery first hand as he had been born in the South. He also promoted the activities of the New York Kansas League which he described as a "philanthrophic association" to aid emigration to Kansas. The document also discussed the American Settlement Company which was a "joint stock association" that promoted the settlement of free state supporters at Council City, Kansas Territory (later Burlingame). He closed with antislavery statements and offered to give free lectures on the topic. He was located in New York City at the time the document was printed.

Keywords: American Settlement Company; Antislavery movements; Antislavery perspective; Burlingame, Kansas Territory; Council City, Kansas Territory; Free state settlers; Free state support; Free state supporters; New York; New York League; Osage County, Kansas Territory; Snodgrass, J. E.; Town development


Letter, Warren Beckwith to M. H. Moore [Henry Miles]
Authors: Beckwith, Warren
Date: March 9, 1855
Beckwith wrote from Pawnee, K. T., to Henry Miles Moore of Weston, Missouri. Beckwith described building construction in Pawnee, reporting that a warehouse would be completed in time for the first session of the Territorial Legislature and that Catholic and Episcopal churches were being built.

Keywords: Beckwith, Warren; Churches; Construction; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town sites


Account Book for the Topeka Association
Authors: Crane, Franklin L.
Date: April 23, 1855 - December 1, 1857
Franklin L. Crane was elected chairman of the board of trustees of the Topeka Association in 1856. These pages contain the association's financial accounts as well as an ongoing narrative about town association business. It describes sales and trades of lots, efforts to start businesses and cultural institutions, and the names of people involved in Topeka's early history. Interspersed throughout these accounts of association business are brief mentions of Franklin Crane's personal affairs. Select pages have been chosen from this volume.

Keywords: Account books; Burgess, H. B.; Business; Business enterprises; Businessmen; Dickey, Milton C.; Election, Territorial Legislature, March 1855; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Land speculation; Oakley, Walter; Railroads design and construction; Schools; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; St. Joseph, Missouri; Surveyors; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town associations; Town development; Town lots; Willits, Jacob; Zimmerman, Israel


Town Share Certificate, Pawnee Association
Authors: Pawnee Town Association
Date: May 2, 1855
This certificate (no. 244) is made out to F. L. Crane. On the back was a notation made by Crane, probably at a later date, indicating that he had paid $250 for the share and that A. H. Reeder had intended that Pawnee be the state capital.

Keywords: Crane, Franklin Loomis; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Hammond, William A.; Pawnee Town Association; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Speculation; Town companies; Town development; Town shares


Quit-Claim Deed and Bond for Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence
Authors: Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence: Samuel S. Snyder, Joel Grover, et.al.
Date: June 2 1855
Quit-Claim Deed of the Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence, Kansas Territory, turning ownership of lot #12 of Massachusetts Street over to Josiah Miller and Robert G. Elliott, of Miller and Elliott, publishers of the Kansas Free State newspaper.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elliott, Robert G.; Grover, Joel; Hutchinson, George W.; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Legal documents; Lykins, William H. R.; Miller, Josiah; Snyder, Samuel S.; Town development


Letter, Wm. E. Goodnow to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, William E.
Date: June 10, 1855
William Goodnow, brother of Isaac Goodnow, wrote from Shannon, Wild Cat Creek, Kansas Territory, to his wife back East. Goodnow described his experiences participating in the development of the nearby town of Manhattan, having attended a city council meeting and anticipating the founding of a newspaper. Goodnow also mentioned religious services and "Sabbath Schools" currently running out of settler's homes, and commented on the numerous emigrants who had traveled to Kansas Territory only to quickly give up and return home.

Keywords: Diseases; Election fraud; Emigration and immigration; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Goodnow, William E.; Livestock; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Methodists; Newspapers; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Religion; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shannon, Kansas Territory; Town development


Letter, Wm [Goodnow] to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, William E.
Date: July 1, 1855
William Goodnow, brother of Isaac Goodnow, wrote from Shannon, Wild Cat Creek, Kansas Territory, to his wife Harriet in New England. Goodnow described his current activities, among them serving on the Manhattan city council along with his brother. He related his experience of seeing Governor Reeder pass by on his way to Pawnee, and judged him "fully able. . .to meet any Missouri renegade." Goodnow also anticipated that the free soil members of the Territorial Legislature would resign "not acknowledging this Legislature as a constitutional one."

Keywords: Crops; Diseases; Free Soil Party; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Harriet; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Goodnow, William E.; Kansas Territory. Legislature - Pawnee/Shawnee Mission; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town development; Travel; Women


Town Share Certificate, Pawnee Association
Authors: Pawnee Town Association
Date: July 21, 1855
The Pawnee Association issued this certificate for "one share of the town property" to Thomas Sherwood, a business associate of Gov. Reeder's. Sherwood was involved in many of Reeder's land and town share transactions. This printed certificate is more elaborate than the ones issued earlier in the year.

Keywords: Certificates; Pawnee Town Association; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Sherwood, Thomas; Speculation; Town development; Town shares


Letter, E. Jones to Mr [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Jones, Edmund
Date: July 26, 1855
Edmund Jones wrote to Hiram Hill, a resident of Williamsburgh, Massachusetts, to report expenses, update Hill of construction progress, and request money. At this time, S. N. Simpson had returned east, and Jones oversaw the building of Hill's house in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Jones was in debt, unable to pay workers or buy supplies. Mr. Fuller, who seems to have rented another house owned by Hill (implied in S. N. Simpson's letter to Hill written September 4, 1855), refused to pay rent until the roof was repaired. Jones closed with concern for the security of lots in Lawrence.

Keywords: Construction; Cost and standard of living; Financial statements; Hill, Hiram; Houses; Jones, Edmund; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; Rent; Town development; Town lots


Letter, Edmund Jones to Mr [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Jones, Edmund
Date: July 29, 1855
Well before Hiram Hill of Williamsburgh, Massachusetts could have received Edmund Jones' previous letter from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, Jones received a bank draft from Hill. In this letter, Jones thanked him for the draft. He shortly expected two renters, Mrs. Herd and Mrs. Hall, to move into Hill's house in Lawrence. These renters wanted to build a house for their own borders on the lot behind. A store and an office were going up on either side of Hill's new house. James mentioned controversy over city lots but did not identify the source of this "new movement." He encouraged Hill to visit Lawrence a second time in early fall.

Keywords: Construction; Hill, Hiram; Houses; Jones, Edmund; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; Town development; Town lots


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: September 4, 1855
S. N. Simpson of Lawrence, Kansas Territory wrote to Hiram Hill of Williamsburgh, Massachusetts concerning the improvement of the town and Hill's property. He alluded to "outsiders" who had made "a little stir." Simpson had demanded rent payment from Mr. Fuller, who agreed to pay part. Hill's distance from the situation had encouraged Fuller's delinquency. Simpson planned to attend the free state convention on the 5th. On page 2, written after the convention, Simpson reported that Governor Reeder was living in Hill's new house. He also mentioned that one of Simpson's Sabbath schools had stopped meeting.

Keywords: Free State Convention; Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Rent; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development


Letter, E. [Edmund] Jones to Mr [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Jones, Edmund
Date: September 4, 1855
Edmund Jones oversaw the building of a house in Lawrence, Kansas Territory for Hiram Hill, a resident of Williamsburgh, Massachusetts. He wrote to update Hill on construction progress. Jones was frustrated with the plasterer, Mr. Johnson, who was sick and whose work was poor and rate too high. S. N. Simpson had returned to town. Jones mentioned the health of Mrs. Whitney and Mrs. Herd. Page 2 is primarily a list of expenses for materials and labor and a list of amounts received, including rent income.

Keywords: Construction; Cost and standard of living; Financial statements; Hill, Hiram; Houses; Jones, Edmund; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; Rent; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development


Letter, [Hiram Hill] to Edmund Jones Esq
Authors: Jones, Edmund
Date: October 1, 1855
Hiram Hill wrote to Edmund Jones in Lawrence, Kansas Territory, where Jones was completing construction on Hill's new house. Hill was surprised by the amount of Jones' expenses, and he insisted that Jones negotiate payment of Mr. Johnson, the plasterer. Hill planned to visit Lawrence, but was delayed by his oldest brother's illness. Hill relayed the health of Hill family members and others. He had advised Mrs. Hill to go to Kansas to improve her health. The letter ends abruptly, without a signature, and it possibly lacks pages.

Keywords: Construction; Health; Hill, Hiram; Houses; Jones, Edmund; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; Town development


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Hiram Hill Esqr
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: October 1, 1855
S. N. Simpson wrote concerning his attempts to collect rent from Mr. Fuller, who had not yet paid up, to Hiram Hill in Williamsburgh, Massachusetts. The undefined "outside movement" was at rest. Lawrence property values were rising; Hill had bought several lots and a house for the price of a single lot on Massachusetts Street at the current rate.

Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; Rent; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Town lots


Expense Sheet, Edmund Jones to H. Hill Jr
Authors: Hill, Hiram ; Jones, Edmund
Date: November 8, 1855
This expense sheet, signed by Edmund Jones, was apparently written by Hiram Hill. It includes amounts received by Jones during his oversight of the construction of Hill's house in Lawrence, the amount paid to Jones and Mr. Johnson (the plasterer), and the balance. The last column shows Hill's total expense for materials, labor, and land.

Keywords: Construction; Cost and standard of living; Finance; Financial statements; Hill, Hiram; Jones, Edmund; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Receipts; Town development


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Mr Hiram Hill
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: November 20, 1855
S. N. Simpson wrote from Kansas City, Missouri to Hiram Hill in Williamsburgh, Massachusetts, where Edmund Jones had recently returned (see Hill's letter to Jones of October 11, 1855). Simpson described development and rising property values in Lawrence. He detailed his attempts to collect rent from Mrs. Hall, who had cleaned in exchange for a month's rent. In language reminiscent of documents from the American Revolution, the last paragraph declared that Kansas could but would not break ties with the United States, partly because Kansas needed financial assistance. As evidence, Simpson asked Hill for church-building funds.

Keywords: Domestics; Hill, Hiram; Jones, Edmund; Kansas City, Missouri; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Rent; Simpson, H.M; Town development; Town lots; Women


Letter, [Josiah Miller] to Dear Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date: Nov 11 1855
Josiah Miller, having recently bought out his business partner, Robert G. Elliott, from their jointly owned newspaper, the Kansas Free State, wrote to his parents in South Carolina about his recent business ventures. He stated that "papers don't pay" and expressed his interest in land claims and real estate, which would earn him more money. Miller also told his parents that he was continuing to search for a farm in Wyandotte County for them to settle on when they arrive in Kansas Territory. He hoped that Congress would approve the constitution that the Free State men had recently submitted.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Constitutions; Free state legislature; Kansas Free State (newspaper); Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Miller, Josiah; Sawmills; Squatters; Topeka Constitution; Town development


Letter, Hiram Hill to Dear Wife
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: December 12, 1855
Hiram Hill arrived in Lawrence, Kansas Territory shortly after the end of the Wakarusa War. This letter to his wife reviewed the events of the war, made mention of women's assistance, described Hill's journey from Leavenworth with Mr. Conway, and gave an account of Thomas W. Barber's funeral, at which Charles Robinson and James Lane spoke. Barber was killed south of Lawrence on the 6th. Hill had met Mr. Whitney, Judge Johnson, Mr. Haskell, and Mr. Simpson, and planned to visit Charles Robinson. Hill also detailed Governor Shannon's settlement with free state leaders at Lawrence.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Funerals; Health; Hill, Hiram; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Town development; Travel; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855; Women


Photograph, First House in Lawrence
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: ca. 1855
This was the first house in Lawrence, a log cabin, belonging to Clark Stearns (also known as Charles Stearns). It was located at 620 Massachusetts Street.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Settlement; Stearns, Charles; Town development


Business card and promotial item titled Kansas
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: Circa 1855-1856
This business card for Orville C. Brown, "agent for the town of Osawatomie, Kansas Territory," accompaned a list of the advantages of settling in Kansas Territory and the city of Osawatomie. A hand written note on the list indicated it was issued by O. C. Brown. The printed circular described the soil, available building materials, wood, produce and opportunities for acquiring land. It also gave the price of various livestock. The business card noted that Brown also was involved in locating land warrants and purchasing and selling claims.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Land claims; Livestock; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Natural resources; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Town development


Map, Topeka Town Lots
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1855
This map includes the lot numbers as laid out in the original plan for the city of Topeka. It was probably created by Franklin Crane on behalf of the Topeka Association.

Keywords: Maps; Topeka Association; Topeka, Kansas; Town development; Town lots


Daily Diaries, Isaac Goodnow
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: 1856 - 1860
These diaries, written by Isaac Goodnow, described his daily life and his community activities. He settled near Manhattan and was involved in promoting the town and in establishing and promoting Bluemont College, the predecessor to Kansas State University. Many of the entries are somewhat mundane, dealing with weather, illness, neighbors, etc. However, the entries also describe activities in Kansas aimed at making it a free state, as well as the land speculation involved with both towns and farm land.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Daily life; Diaries; Education; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Illness; Land speculation; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Settlement; Town development; Universities and colleges; Weather


Letter, Wm E. G. [William Goodnow] to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, William E.
Date: January 12, 1856
William Goodnow wrote from his settlement near Wild Cat Creek, Kansas Territory, to his wife Harriet in New England. Goodnow related his wintertime experiences in the Midwest, which included descriptions of travel and hunting expeditions. He anticipated the prosperity of Manhattan, reporting that "claims that were taken here last spring are now fetching hundreds of dollars advance, & some will soon bring a thousand." Goodnow added that propositions of new bridges, roads, and ferry service would further improve the town.

Keywords: Bridges; Goodnow, Harriet; Goodnow, William E.; Hunting; Land claims; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Prices; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town development; Weather


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: February 6, 1856
Samuel Simpson wrote to Hiram Hill from Boston, Massachusetts, requesting that Hill send the $500 he pledged to invest in a church in Kansas Territory. Simpson indicated that he needed to quickly raise $5-8,000, and could not return to the Territory without it.

Keywords: Churches; Hill, Hiram; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development


Connecticut Kansas Colony Record Book
Authors: Secretary, Connecticut Kansas Colony
Date: February 18, 1856 through June 26, 1857
The colony was formed in New Haven, Connecticut, with the intent that members would migrate to Kansas Territory in the spring of 1856. This book listed members of the colony and the minutes contained information about the activities of the colony for its formation, the trip to Kansas, selecting a town site, through the decision to dissolve it in favor of the Wabaunsee Company, which was charged with organizing the town of Wabaunsee, Kansas Territory. The content, while not including information about the discussions of issues, contained a great deal of information about the formal actions of the colony. The group was sometimes referred to as the Beecher Bible and Rifle Colony. The early minutes contained mentions of the purchase of arms.

Keywords: Beecher Bible and Rifle Colony; Connecticut Kansas Colony; Emigration and immigration; Guns; Lines, C. B.; Migration, internal; New Haven, Connecticut; Town companies; Town development; Town site speculation; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory; Wabaunsee, Kansas Territory; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, O. [Orville] C. Brown to C. L. Edward
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: March 21, 1856
This letter, written from Osawatomie by Orville C. Brown to C. L. Edward, concerns a shipment of books and supplies. The author also hopes to have a schoolhouse built in two or three weeks, in addition to a number of other structures. It includes general information about town development.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Town development


Letter, O. [Orville] C. Brown to My dear Sir [Mr. Ward]
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: March 26, 1856
This letter, written by Orville C. Brown from Osawatomie, was addressed to Mr. Ward. For the most part, it related information about the development of Osawatomie and various land claims, including a discussion about the boundaries of the town.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Land claims; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town sites


Letter, C. A. Wright to Mr. [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Wright, Charles A.
Date: April 14, 1856
Charles Wright wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill. Wright described his recent experiences buying and selling cattle obtained from Missouri counties. He also mentioned his purchase of town shares in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, and commented on the recent emigration rush, which was increasing demand for land, filling hotels, and causing rent to increase. Wright felt optimistic about the future of peace in Kansas, having heard a story about Governor Reeder's feeling for the same.

Keywords: Economic conditions; Emigration and immigration; Hill, Hiram; Hotels; Livestock; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town development; Town shares; Wright, Charles A.


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: April 30, 1856
Samuel Simpson wrote from Kansas Territory to Hiram Hill in Williamsburgh, Massachusetts, regarding recent land propositions and "excitement": U.S. Troops had been in and out of Lawrence daily, looking to arrest various citizens. Simpson also described his attempts to negotiate land ownership with others who were interested in developing West Lawrence, and sought the approval of Hill in the matter.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hill, Hiram; Land speculation; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Military; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; United States. Army


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: April 30, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott of Dayton, Ohio, regarding his current economic situation. Marcus was quitting his private law practice for lack of demand, and remarked that there was "little chance of fair play in the courts" anyway. He intended to invest in real estate, and asked his brother and father for any money they might spare. Marcus also referred to a mass migration of men from Alabama, lead by Major Buford, who had come to settle in K.T. in support of slavery.

Keywords: Buford, Jefferson; Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Neosho, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Real estate investment; Town development


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: May 9, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott, regarding recent events, which were "unfathomably deep in the waters of territorial trouble". He described the movement of armed men towards Lawrence, a mix of U.S. troops and militiamen from Missouri. Marcus also referred to the current situations of Robinson, Reeder, Lane, and other men who were to play important roles in the imminent Sack of Lawrence. Despite these threats, Marcus still commented on his own economic situation and again asked for money from his brother and father.

Keywords: Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Neosho, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Real estate investment; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Telegraph; Town development


Letter, E. Hoogland to Thos. N. Stinson, Esq.
Authors: Hoogland, Edward
Date: July 6, 1856
Edward Hoogland, a resident of Tecumseh, KT who was visiting his family in New York, described a meeting with Governor Wilson Shannon in St. Louis concerning territorial politics. Hoogland displayed a pro-slavery perspective in his comments on Kansas affairs. He described efforts to encourage settlement in Kansas Territory, especially Tecumseh, and to promote economic development in the territory. He mentioned an acquaintance who hoped to establish a sawmill and a gristmill in the territory.

Keywords: Economic development; Gristmills; Hoogland, Edward; Law and Order Party; Mills and mill-work; Sawmills; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Stinson, Thomas N.; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Town building (see Town development); Town development


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Hiram Hill Esqr
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: July 24, 1856
Samuel Simpson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Hiram Hill, reporting on the status of Hill's various real estate investments, "all doing well". Simpson was able to take possession of a town lot owned by tenant Fuller instead of a rent payment. The majority of the lots of West Lawrence were allotted to Simpson, who intended to build an avenue through it immediately. Simpson expressed for old times back in Massachusetts at the Hill's home, and predicted that the "dark times" in Kansas would pass by the next spring. Meanwhile, he said border ruffians still killed and robbed, only to seek the protection of U.S. Troops and escape punishment.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Skirmishing; Town development; Town lots


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: September 19, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote to his brother, Edwin Parrott, from Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Marcus described to his brother the situation in the area stemming from the Battle of Hickory Point, which occurred six days earlier. He said that the free state men involved in the battle were arrested and held in prison in Lecompton without examination, while the proslavery men met no consequence. Marcus mentioned other incidents that led him to believe crimes and schemes were taking place against free state supporters. He also brought up money and land investments again, requesting money.

Keywords: Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Hickory Point, Battle of; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Real estate investment; Town development


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Hiram Hill Esqr
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: October 3, 1856
Samuel Simpson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Hiram Hill, reporting that he had done no business since the Battle of Franklin, early the past June, until the last few days. Hill's homes were all paying rent, and Simpson was taking steps to get a road built through West Lawrence. Simpson had received money sent by Hill and passed it on to Osawatomie to help them recover from the battle of the previous August. He continued to hope for the election of Fremont, and described conditions in the military camps.

Keywords: Election, Presidential, 1856; Franklin, Battle of; Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890; Hill, Hiram; Military; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Titus, Henry Theodore; Town development; Voting


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Friend [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: October 11, 1856
Samuel Simpson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill, reporting that free staters were "still live" in Lawrence, and that most border ruffians had retreated for the time being. Simpson updated Hill on the status of his properties and new construction in the town. Thaddeus Whitney, he said, was "absent from town", however, and Missourians had stolen some valuable building materials. Simpson added that he had helped many destitute families with the monetary aid Hill had sent.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Free state support; Hill, Hiram; Hotels; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development


Account balance sheet, Hiram Hill in asc. with S.N. Simpson
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: October 15, 1856
This balance sheet lists amounts paid into and received from Hiram Hill's various real estate investments in Lawrence, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Account books; Construction; Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Whitney, Thaddeus L.


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: October 30, 1856
Samuel Simpson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill. Simpson reported that he had purchased Wyandotte lands, along with other investors, in hopes of having a town ready in time to receive a wave of emigrants the following spring. He told Hill that he would send him a map of the site, and reiterated his support for presidential candidate John Fremont. However, Simpson proclaimed that the outcome of the elections didn't matter, that the free state men "are bound to have this matter our own way -- and it if don't come one way it must another".

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Free state support; Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890; Hill, Hiram; Indian lands; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Wyandot Indians


Agreement for the establishment of the Quindaro Town Company
Authors: Guthrie, Abelard ; Robinson, Charles ; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Walker, Joel
Date: November 1, 1856
The document outlined the details related to the establishment of the Quindaro Town Company. It called for the distribution of lots (shares) among the four founders and outlined plans for selling the remaining lots. It also proposed how proceeds from the sale of lots would be used for various improvements and the number of lots designated for civic purposes.

Keywords: Economic development; Guthrie, Abelard; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town companies; Town development; Town shares; Town site speculation; Walker, Joel; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Samuel C. Smith to Dear Friend [Rev. T. W. Higginson]
Authors: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: November 26, 1856
This letter, written from Lawrence, Kansas Territory by Samuel Smith, was addressed to Rev. T. W. Higginson of Worcester, Massachusetts. The letter began with several small matters regarding aid for Kansas, and then turned quickly to the most recent events in the struggle between proslavery and free state forces. Apparently, thirty two of the free state prisoners held by U. S. troops at Tecumseh had managed to escape, and Smith rather sarcastically commented that the troops had done a favor to "Uncle Sam" by relieving the government of the cost of supporting all those prisoners. The author also spoke of [Thaddeus] Hyatt's presence in the territory, and of George Washington Brown, editor of the Herald of Freedom. He also informed Higginson that Col. Eldridge and Thomas Eldridge have had complaints filed against them, stating that "nature never designed them for distributions of charity." The letter concludes with information regarding land sales in Leavenworth, and the founding of a new city, Quindaro. In general, Smith's writing style is quite humorous, as well as informative.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Donalson, Israel B.; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Eldridge, Thomas B.; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Central Committee; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Prisoners; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Relief; Smith, Samuel C.; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Titus, Henry Theodore; Town development; United States. Army; Worcester, Massachusetts


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1856
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1856
Thomas Webb expanded the information in his previous version of this circular to produce a more current edition. Topics such as travel routes, preparation, and provisions are still discussed, while more information regarding town settlements, accommodations, and family life are new additions.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brown, John Carter; Cities and towns; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Timber; Town development; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Ephm. Nute to Dear Fr. [Amos A. Lawrence]
Authors: Nute, Ephraim
Date: January 5, 1857
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Ephraim Nute, minister of the Lawrence Unitarian Church, wrote to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts, regarding the subject of a college. A well-attended town meeting had been held in which the idea had been discussed, though all seemed only "a castle in the air" but for Lawrence's "liberal offer" (presumably of funding) which was the "first step toward the realization of his project." The general opinion of the people was that the college should be constructed outside the town limits "on the high prairie or table land." Nute also mentioned the steps being taken to establish free public schools in the city, of upper and lower grades.

Keywords: Education; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Nute, Ephraim; Religion; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; School buildings; Teachers; Town development; Universities and colleges


Letter, H. M. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Authors: Simpson, H.M
Date: January 16, 1857
H. M. Simpson wrote for his brother, Samuel N. Simpson, who was in Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill. H.M. confirmed that his brother had purchased land for Hill in Quindaro, and that a map of West Lawrence was in production and would be sent to Hill as soon as possible. H. M. also reported that Hill's land investments were up nearly 50% in value, and he anticipated that, without a war, they would rise even higher. He described the development of the city and roads of Quindaro. The city was expected to experience a lot of traffic with the spring emigration.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, H.M; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, C. K. Holliday to Dear Dr. [Franklin Crane]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: January 18, 1857
Cyrus Holliday wrote from Meadville, Pennsylvania to Franklin Crane, a prominent citizen in Topeka, Kansas Territory. Holliday discussed his efforts in Washington, D. C., as well as elections, railroads, and the Topeka Bridge. He stated that it was important for the next Kansas delegate to Congress to be from Topeka. This would not only promote the interests of the Topeka community, but it would also improve the status of Crane and Holliday's investments in Topeka.

Keywords: Bridges; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Elections; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Meadville, Pennsylvania; Railroads; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town development


Letter, Edw. [Edward] Hoogland to Thos. N. Stinson
Authors: Hoogland, Edward
Date: January 21, 1857
Edward Hoogland, writing from Dundee, Yates County, New York, expressed his views on how to turn Tecumseh, Kansas Territory into a "flourishing" town. He suggested to Thomas N. Stinson, a Tecumseh resident that the town, if properly advertised, would be attractive to settlers not comfortable residing in free state towns like Topeka or Lawrence.

Keywords: Hoogland, Edward; Proslavery; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Stinson, Thomas N.; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion


Letter draft, unsigned [Hiram Hill] to S.N. Simpson
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: January 22, 1857
Hiram Hill wrote from Williamsburgh, Massachusetts, to S.N. Simpson in Kansas Territory. Hill expressed frustration that he was not receiving the information he requested from Simpson about the site and shares he had invested in the new town, most likely Quindaro. Hill suspected he was paying more than other investors per share, which he claimed was unjust since he "was the first one that set that new town in motion".

Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Town shares; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter draft, unsigned [Hiram Hill] to H. M. Simpson, Esq.
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: January 31, 1857
Hiram Hill drafted a letter from Williamsburgh, Massachusetts, to H. M. Simpson, brother of Samuel N. Simpson, in Kansas Territory. Hill responded to H. M.'s favorable impressions of property investments in K.T., and hoped that his anticipations would come to pass. Hill planned to travel to the Territory as soon as his affairs were in order, and inquired about further investment prospects and the going wage for construction tradesmen. He spoke favorably of Governor Gerry (sic, Geary), but feared that the "bogus legislature" would impede his ability to govern.

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Prices; Real estate investment; Simpson, H.M; Town development


Letter, C. A. Wright to Mr. H. Hill
Authors: Wright, Charles A.
Date: February 1, 1857
Charles Wright wrote from Bald Mountain, New York, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, describing his travel route from Kansas Territory to the East. Wright reported that Samuel Simpson was still in Quindaro and was doing well, but mentioned that another new town in Wyandotte was being developed; Wright believed that this new one was in a better location. He also discussed buying, selling, and the prices of town lots in Lawrence and West Lawrence, and said that construction had begun on the Free State Hotel. Wright added that a "Miss Hall" in Lawrence had begun writing a history of Kansas.

Keywords: Diseases; Free State Hotel; Hill, Hiram; New York; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Town lots; Travel; Wright, Charles A.


Letter, Henry Campbell to Friend Colmore [George Collamore]
Authors: Campbell, Henry
Date: February 4, 1857
Henry Campbell wrote to his friend George Collamore, a future mayor of Lawrence, regarding recent trends in real estate sales. Campbell expressed disapproval of the "Bogus Legislature" and referred to a recent shooting in Tecumseh where Judge Rush Elmore, an associate justice of the Territorial Supreme Court, a leading delegate at the Lecompton Constitutional Convention, and a slave holder, was seriously wounded. Campbell also mentioned the upcoming sale of Wyandotte.

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Campbell, Henry; Collamore, George W.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elmore, Rush; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land sales; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Town development; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Certificate, Buffalo City, Kansas Territory, One Town Share
Authors: Buffalo City Town Association
Date: February 21, 1857
This printed form was made out to Charles Blakely, illustrated and completed by hand. Several towns were named Buffalo or Buffalo City during and after the territorial period. This particular Buffalo City was planned in Doniphan County near Eagle Springs. On February 11, 1857, John W. Geary, Kansas territorial governor, approved an act incorporating the "Buffalo Town Association of Kansas Territory" into Davis County. Neither town has survived.

Keywords: Blakely, Charles; Buffalo City Town Association; Buffalo City, Kansas Territory; Chadduck, G.B.; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Frazer, B.B.; Land acquisition; Town development; Town settlement; Town shares


Letter, Caleb S. Pratt to Rev. T. W. Higginson
Authors: Pratt, Caleb S.
Date: April 7, 1857
Caleb Pratt wrote from Delaware, Kansas Territory to Rev. T. W. Higginson, a prominent Northern abolitionist. He informed Higginson that a company of free state men had bought out a large portion of the predominantly pro-slavery town of Delaware. They sought to make it a suitable place for the entry of free state emigrants.

Keywords: Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Pratt, Caleb S.; Town development


Letter, Nathan Starks to Messrs. [Owners of the West Lawrence Town Site]
Authors: Starks, Nathan
Date: April 21, 1857
Nathan Starks wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to the "Owners of that portion of the Town Site known as West Lawrence", regarding his previous requests to make town lot purchases from the Town Company. Starks found it difficult to conduct this business transaction since the various owners of the town site, including Hiram Hill were not based locally. Ultimately, Starks hoped to acquire enough land to build housing for his machinery, with housing for his employees adjacent to his business.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hill, Hiram; Starks, Nathan; Town development; Town lots; West Lawrence, Kansas Territory


Report of Accounts Received, S.N. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: April 27, 1857
Samuel Simpson prepared this list of rents and monies from business transactions he had collected in the name of Hiram Hill since the previous summer.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Finance; Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development


Letter, Albert C. Morton to [Hiram Hill]
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: May 29, 1857
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill, who had invested in Quindaro, in Massachusetts. In this short letter Morton described the development of the town, and noted the increasing population, the availability of coal resources, and the arrival of a new storekeeper.

Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Town Organization of Hyatt, Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: May, 1857
This printed item documented the organization of the town of Hyatt in Anderson Couty, Kansas Territory. Issac Hull and C. J. Farley served as the officers at a May 2, 1857, meeting that unanimously adopted a "declaration of rights" and "articles of fraternization" suggested by W. F. M. Arny. Arny was elected mayor of Hyatt for a year. The document also included information about the organization of Anderson County. D. N. Buffum presided at the county organization meeting held May 4, 1857, and Albert Blauvelt served as secretary. After the resolutions organizing the county were approved, W. F. M. Arny was named judge and associate judges were J. Y. Campbell, Col. Harvey, Solomon Kaufman, and B. Tyler. Election judges--S. P. Hand, John S. Robinson, and Darius Frankinberger-were also selected.

Keywords: Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blauvelt, Albert; Buffum, D. N.; Campbell, J. Y.; Courts; Farley, C. J.; Frankinberger, Darius; Hand, S. P.; Hull, Issac; Hyatt, Kansas Territory; Judges; Kaufman, Solomon; Robinson, John S.; Town development; Tyler, B.


Letter, Charles Mayo to G.W. Collamore, Esq.
Authors: Mayo, Charles
Date: June 11 1857
Charles Mayo, writing from Olathe, Kansas Territory, described to George Collamore the budding township and his experiences there. Mayo had invested shares in the town and hoped it would become the county seat. He encouraged Collamore to influence free state men to go to Olathe and settle there, in order to out populate the proslavery majority already established.

Keywords: Free state perspective; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Mayo, Charles; Olathe, Kansas Territory; Proslavery supporters; Santa Fe road; Shawnee Indians; Town companies; Town development


Letter, A. C. Morton to Mr. [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: June 28, 1857
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton informed Hill that the package containing money from him had been located in Council Bluffs, Iowa, and he expected to receive it soon. Morton also described various aspects of Quindaro's development, including the building of a new store, and confirmed that the railroad would in fact come to Quindaro.

Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, A. Tuttle, Buffalo, New York, to Abelard Guthrie
Authors: Tuttle, A.
Date: July 1, 1857
This letter related to an earlier one Tuttle wrote to Alfred Gray. He had made arrangements to purchase land from Guthrie and suggested he get the money from Gray or write to Tuttle directly. Mr. Tuttle expressed his hopes for the development of Quindaro but also his fears if the land falls into the hands of non-resident speculators. He also stated that any association of Mr. S. N. Simpson with the town would injure its prospects.

Keywords: Gray, Alfred; Guthrie, Abelard; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Speculation; Town development; Town site speculation; Tuttle, A.


Letter Press Book, Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Dear Judge [M. F. Moore]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: June 5, 1857
Thomas Ewing, Jr., moved to Kansas Territory in 1856 and established a law practice in Leavenworth. It is from this town, Kansas Territory's largest city, where he also had many investments, that he wrote Judge M. F. Moore, Sioux City, Iowa, regarding Moore's investments and other opportunities in Leavenworth.

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Iowa; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion


Letter, A. C. Morton to Hiram Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: July 5, 1857
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton discussed the allegations of fraudulent investment activities on the part of Samuel N. Simpson, and told Hill that Alfred Gray, an area attorney and future Secretary of the Wyandotte Board of Trade, had lost five acres of land due to Simpson's deceptive practices. Morton updated Hill on Quindaro's development, stating that the prospects were good due to the railroad's anticipated presence in town. He added that he still had not received that package containing $700 from Hill.

Keywords: Gray, Alfred; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town companies; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, E.D. Ladd to Hiram Hill Esq.
Authors: Ladd, Erastus D
Date: July 14, 1857
Erastus Ladd wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill, in Massachusetts. Ladd enclosed with this note a map of Lawrence along with a list of Hill's properties in West Lawrence. He also alluded to a "town site question", which may refer to questionable business practices on the part of Samuel N. Simpson, during the development of Quindaro, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hill, Hiram; Ladd, Erastus D.; Maps; Real estate investment; Town development; Town lots; West Lawrence, Kansas Territory


Proclamation, To the people of Lawrence
Authors: Walker, Robert J. (John), 1801-1869
Date: July 15, 1857
This open letter from Gov. Walker concerned the differences between the city charter of Lawrence approved by legislature, and the charter approved by citizens of Lawrence.

Keywords: Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Town development; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Contract, D.S. Chapson commissioned by John Bayless
Authors: Bayless, John ; Chapson, D.S.
Date: July 23, 1857
This document outlined the terms of agreement between John Bayless, President of the Highland Town Company, and D.S. Chapson, whom Bayless commissioned the construction of a brick hotel. The contract described the specifications of the building, including its size and materials used, and designated the following March as the hotel's completion date.

Keywords: Bayless, John; Chapson, D.S.; Construction; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Highland, Kansas Territory; Hotels; Legal documents; Real estate investment; Town development


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear Hyatt [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: August 6, 1857
Pomeroy again reports to Hyatt from Atchison regarding various issues having to do with their investments in that town--"the Rail Road matter," which went "well," had led Pomeroy to make tentative plans, it seems, to found a town across the river from Atchison on land he already owned to tie to the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad. "If the Rail Road can be put through next season, we can sell [Atchison] lots enough to make such sinners as we are rich as sinners ought to be."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Calhoun, John; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Railroad promotion; Railroads finance; Town development


Letter, John W. Robinson to Hiram Hill
Authors: Robinson, John W.
Date: August 17, 1857
John Robinson, President and Agent of the Manhattan Town Association, wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Robinson responded to Hill's interest in investing in the town, describing the town's current situation, climate, and development rate. He provided specific and dramatic examples of increasing property values, and assured Hill that there would be no land speculation; he would only sell lots to those investors who were willing to build.

Keywords: Big Blue River; Churches; Crops; Droughts; Goodnow, William E.; Hill, Hiram; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Robinson, John W.; Smythe, Edward B.; Stonemasons; Timber; Town associations; Town development


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill Esq.
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: August 30, 1857
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, concerning several 40 acre lots which were marked off shortly before Samuel N. Simpson left town. It appeared to Chadwick that those Simpson had purchased were purchased on the behalf of absentee investors, such as Hill, even though they had not been divided or designated in the name of any others. Chadwick presumed that Abelard Guthrie would allow Hill to have the land he thought was being purchased in his name upon payment to the Town Company. Chadwick also reported that prices of land were staying up in Quindaro, and that business development continued.

Keywords: Chadwick, Charles; Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Town lots; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, E. D. Ladd to Mr. H. [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Ladd, Erastus D
Date: September 3, 1857
Erastus Ladd wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Ladd asked for Hill's suggestion as to what to do about a delinquent renter. He updated Hill regarding the status of various land investments, and included a note about Samuel Simpson's sale of half of his investment in West Lawrence. Ladd anticipated a free state election, and the development of a railroad line between Lawrence and the Delaware lands.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Hill, Hiram; Ladd, Erastus D.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; West Lawrence, Kansas Territory


Letter, S. M. Irvin to Dear Sir [Gen. John Bayless]
Authors: Irvin, S.M.
Date: October 26, 1857
S. M. Irvin, a member of the Highland Town Company, wrote from Highland, Kansas Territory to John Bayless, President of the Company and future Superintendent of Schools in Doniphan County. Irvin discussed different options regarding the development of an "educational company" and seminarian schools. Irvin also looked ahead to other aspects of town development, and stated that it would be advantageous to find a mechanic to buy and run the local mill.

Keywords: Bayless, George; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Education; Highland, Kansas Territory; Irvin, Samuel M.; Presbyterian Church; School buildings; Town development; Town shares


Illustration, St. Nicholas Hotel, Lawrence, KS
Authors: Watson, B.I.
Date: November 15, 1857
An unknown artist drew this pencil sketch of St. Nicholas House, a wagon stop built in 1854 in Lawrence, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hotels; Illustrations; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Settlement; St. Nicholas House; Town development


Letter, Your devoted Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: December 11, 1857
Joseph Trego wrote from his cabin near Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory to his wife, Alice, at home in Illinois with their three daugthers. His friend Ell's trip to St. Louis had been aborted due to the freezing conditions of the Missouri River. The town company of Sugar Mound was meeting that day, in which the formal site of the town would be selected; Trego hoped to build their new home on a lot near his mill, which was in an especially picturesque area. His comments about the current "political storm" reveal the variation of perspectives among free state supporters, as he found free state supporters in his area were for a "free state government from politic[al] motives & not humane." He also reported that a group of armed free state men had passed by two days before, looking for a "nest" of pro-slavery men in Bourbon County. Trego added descriptions of their daily life and their struggle to keep their living expenses down.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare - Free state perspective; Domestics; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Missouri River; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Town companies; Town development; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Water transportation


Charter of the City of Lawrence
Authors: Hutchinson, George W.
Date: c. 1857
This reports that a meeting was held to approve the charter of the city of Lawrence, Kansas Territory. The text of the charter was included. In addition, this report included a message from five citizens regarding reasons for establishing city government.

Keywords: Hutchinson, George W.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Town development


Letter, R.C. Brant to Hiram Hill
Authors: Brant, R.C.
Date: January 5, 1858
R.C. Brant, a Baptist missionary who had settled in Lawrence, Kansas Territory, wrote to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, regarding the use of Hill's land. Brant owned a town lot next to Hill's, and wished to make improvements to his land, which would require that he use Hill's lot. Brant explained that he had many visitors coming and going who would see the beauty of the area and might be inclined to settle in the area if he be allowed to improve his own lot. A note at the end of the letter supports Brant's credibility as a permanent citizen of Lawrence who had already made improvements to the town.

Keywords: Baptists; Brant, R.C.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missionaries; Real estate investment; Town development


Letter, Your loving Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: January 18, 1858
Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, at their family's home in Illinois. Trego, tired of "keeping bach" (living a bachelor's lifestyle), he occupied himself with the milling business, which was sawing 4000 ft of lumber each day. A member of the town company in Mound City, he had also recently traveled to gain support for the construction of some new roads in the area; he was also interested in developing a school. At the end of the letter, Trego wrote personal notes to each of his three daughters.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Roads; School buildings; Schools; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Teachers; Timber; Town development; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington


Letter, Your devoted Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: January 24, 1858
Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, at their family's home in Illinois. Trego described how, since the shelter being built around the mill equipment was not yet complete, the wind and rain interfered with their ability to work. Though the work was hard, he favored the milling business over other means toward income. Trego responded to a newspaper article from the Rock Island Advertiser that his wife had sent him, deeming their coverage of the Kansas troubles "sensational." He expected that Fort Scott would soon be destroyed by free state militiamen, as "Bourbon County Bandits" (proslavery supporters) had been harassing extensively free state supporters in the area. Despite all this disorder, the development prospects of Mound City, in Linn County, appeared favorable.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Business enterprises; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Neosho, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Postal service; Proslavery activities; Railroads; Rock Island Advertiser; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Telegraph; Town development; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Weather


Letter, Albert C. Morton to Mr. [Hiram] Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: January 1858
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, describing at length the efforts of Quindaro's citizens to grade a large Avenue through the town. Morton added that Quindaro was about to establish a city charter, which, if approved by the Legislature, would require the taxation of the citizens. He also mentioned a shooting the night before of a proslavery man who had lost his seat to freestatesman Charles Chadwick in a recent election under the Lecompton Constitution.

Keywords: Chadwick, Charles; Hill, Hiram; Lecompton Constitution; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Roads; Town development; Weather; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: March 25, 1858
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, regarding various aspects of town development. Chadwick told Hill of some controversy over his ownership of some lands, both "outside" and in town, which were also being claimed by Wyandotte Indians. He described the potential for new businesses to open in Quindaro, including a machine shop and foundry. Chadwick waited for the arrival of new immigrants and hoped the "eastern capitalists" would introduce more money into their economy. He added his comments about the fraudulent ratification of the Lecompton Constitution, suggesting that the Constitution would do the most good "with the. . .box under the woodpile".

Keywords: Business enterprises; Chadwick, Charles; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robitaille, Robert; Town development; Walker, Joel; Wyandot Indians


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. [Martin] F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: April 30, 1858
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb provided Conway with a detailed description of the property owned by the company in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Webb was quite critical of Charles Branscomb's, the company's previous general agent, administration of company property in the town.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Real estate; Town development; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, A.C. Morton to Mr. Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: April 30, 1858
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton reported that the arrival of two new Eastern businessmen had brought business growth to the town, including a sash and blind factory and new three-story brick building. Despite these new constructions, Morton described the atmosphere as "dull". Though it was a bad time to sell land, since money was scarce, with the recent opening of Indian lands to settlement it was an optimum time to buy land at a low price.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Hill, Hiram; Indian lands; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Minutes, Wyandotte Board of Trustees
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: June 12, 1858 - June 15, 1858
These three pages document the proceedings of the first meeting of the Wyandotte City Board of Trustees. The minutes include the listing of elected officers and the sworn oaths that each trustee will "support the Constitution of the U. S. and support the act to organize this territory." These oaths were collected over several days.

Keywords: Board of Trustees; Forsyth, Samuel E.; Glick, Charles S.; McKay, William; Minutes; Russell, George; Town development; Watson, Joseph; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, John McCannon to Col. Jas. B. Abbott
Authors: McCannon, John
Date: July 24, 1858
John McCannon, who had once served as Quartermaster for the Kansas free state militia, wrote from Little Osage, Kansas Territory, to James Abbott in Lawrence. McCannon reported that peace reigned in the area in the wake of the Marais des Cygnes Massacre of the past May. Referring to the current Constitutional controversy, he proclaimed, "Lecompton can not live on the Osage", as there were not enough proslavery supporters in the area to approve it were it put to a popular vote. McCannon did not seem to be concerned that U.S. Troops had recently arrived at Fort Scott, for reasons unknown to him, as local towns thrived and crops flourished.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Coal; Crops; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Gristmills; Lebanon, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Little Osage River, Kansas Territory; McCannon, John; Military; Sawmills; Timber; Town development


Letter, A. H. Reeder to Dear Sir [Franklin Crane]
Authors: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: September 1, 1858
Andrew Reeder, former governor of Kansas Territory, wrote from Easton, Pennsylvania, to inform Franklin Crane of the eastern response to elections in Kansas and the prospects for the Leavenworth Constitution. He also discussed the value of Topeka lots and a request to donate one for a church.

Keywords: Crane, Franklin Loomis; Easton, Pennsylvania; Elections; Leavenworth Constitution; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion


Letter, J. J. I. [John J. Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: October 5, 1858
On his first full day in Sumner, Ingalls penned a second letter to his father to convey his first impressions of "that Promised Land." The reality Ingalls found and described was quite different than what was depicted in "the lithographic fiction" he had been shown back East. Other than the hotel, the "city" was composed of a "few log huts and miserable cabins . . . None of the premises are fenced," wrote Ingalls, "the whole place being open to the incursions of dogs and pigs which exist in large numbers and seem in fact to constitute the greater amount of the population." Virtually everything about the place distressed Ingalls, who was "quite unable to convey to you any definite idea of the disappointment, not unmingled with anger and mortification with which I contemplate the State of affairs here."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Commerce; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Houses; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Livestock; Pikes Peak gold rush; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion


Letter draft, unsigned [Hiram Hill] to Mr. Guthrie
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: October 23, 1858
Hiram Hill drafted a letter to Abelard Guthrie in Quindaro, Kansas Territory, in which he responded to Guthrie's request for repayment of his loan. Hill told Guthrie that he had his own financial difficulties stemming from his disputed claim, his inability to sell and rent his properties, and Guthrie's failure to fulfill his part of a contract to the Town Company by not grading certain roads. Hill was also frustrated with a lack of success regarding his land dispute claim against Robert Robetaille, and seemed to indicate his plan to withdraw his claim.

Keywords: Economic conditions; Finance; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Land claim disputes; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: November 17 & 24, 1858
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, defending Quindaro from rumors that deemed the town defunct. Chadwick blamed the bad management of the Town Company for the current troubles, and described various opportunities Quindaro still had for further development. Though property was not selling at all, according to Chadwick, prospects for future railroad and ferry traffic still were positive. He expressed his disappointment at Robert Lawrence, and accused him of giving Chadwick a false impression of the likelihood of Hill winning the land claim dispute with Robert Robetaille. A businessman had landed with a great deal of machinery looking to build a "manufactory", and Quindaro's investors were doing all they could to woo him.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Causin, Nathanial Pope; Chadwick, Charles; Ferries; Gold mines and mining; Hill, Hiram; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Pikes Peak gold rush; Quindaro Chindowan; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Statement related to the Quindaro Town Company
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: November 22, 1858
Charles Robinson gave his consent as an individual member of the Quindaro Town Company that the Board of Trade could use the town company's printing press and type free of charge if they agreed to publish the Quindaro Chindowan on a weekly basis for three months beginning in December, 1858. The document also included Robinson's consent to pay Mrs. Nichols the $125 due her.

Keywords: Newspapers; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Quindaro Chindowan; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, John James Ingalls to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: December 10, 1858
On the letter head of the "Sumner Company," Ingalls wrote of the activities of the town company, including its "large distribution of lots," the "drafting" of a city charter, and efforts to make Sumner the starting point for "the Salt Lake Mails and Govt. Trains."

Keywords: Freight and freightage; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Town companies; Town development; Town lots; Town site speculation; Weather


Letter, Alfred Gray to Hon. Chas. Robinson
Authors: Gray, Alfred
Date: December 24, 1858
Alfred Gray, a Secretary of the Wyandotte County Board of Trade, wrote from Quindaro, Wyandotte County, to Charles Robinson regarding the development of area postal routes. Gray also mentioned that the Board of Trade was seeking an Editor and Publisher of the Quindaro Chindowan.

Keywords: Gray, Alfred; Postal service; Quindaro Chindowan; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Town development; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, Abelard Guthrie to Hiram Hill, Esq.
Authors: Guthrie, Abelard
Date: January 18, 1859
Abelard Guthrie wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Guthrie reported that there had been "considerable progress" in Quindaro lately: a railroad was being constructed, telegraph wires were hung, and a factory and foundry had been established. Guthrie told Hill that if Hill would forget the Kansas Avenue grading disagreement and repay him his debt, Guthrie would travel to Washington to obtain a railroad grant.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies; Telegraph; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Statute, An Act to Incorporate and Establish the City of Wyandott, Kansas Territory
Authors: Kansas Territory, Legislature
Date: January 29, 1859
Printed version of the law passed in 1859 by the Kansas Territorial Legislature and signed by Governor Samuel Medary incorporating the city of Wyandott, Kansas Territory. The statute established city boundaries and the stucture and powers of the municipal government. The law was printed as Chapter 107 of the Private Laws of the 1859 Territorial Legislature.

Keywords: Kansas Territory. Legislature; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, John Pipher to J. J. Davis & Dr. Valtier
Authors: Pipher, John
Date: April 20, 1859
John Pipher, writing from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, composed this letter to J.J. Davis and a Dr. Valtier, expressing his own enthusiasm for the creation of Bluemont Central College, hoping to elicit their support as well. Pipher anticipated that the College would attract "men of families and of wealth" to the area, which would stimulate growth and trade enough so that the College would pay for itself within one year.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pipher, John; Real estate investment; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town development; Universities and colleges


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: April 30, 1859
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb informed Conway that the Company's Executive Committee had approved a proposal to sell mill equipment to the Batcheller Town Company.

Keywords: Batcheller Town Association; Batcheller, Kansas Territory; Conway, Martin Franklin; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Town companies; Town development; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to Rev. C. E. Blood
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: May 5, 1859
Isaac Goodnow, writing from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, on his way to New England, related his experiences with a Mr. Vivaldi, a newspaper editor in Wyandotte, to C. E. Blood in Manhattan. Goodnow told Blood that Vivaldi would run a series of articles and advertisements about Manhattan in short order, and that promotional articles needed to be submitted as soon as possible. Goodnow also emphasized that, upon his arrival to Manhattan, Vivaldi should have his "expectations" met, and that all efforts should be taken to impress him.

Keywords: Advertisements; Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspaper buildings; Newspapers; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Steamboats; Town development; Town promotion; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter, C. Robinson to My Dear L [Amos A. Lawrence]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: May 9, 1859
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson described the complicated political situation which had arisen from the development of Quindaro. Personal disagreements between Abelard Guthrie, S.N. Simpson, Joel Walker, and himself were making progress difficult. Robinson hoped that, upon their resolution, they could move forward with securing a contract with the Parkville & Grand River Railroad, as well as plans for a college. Two church groups had expressed interest in opening up their own institutions, or working with Robinson to found one. Robinson included a plat map for a prospective site, to which he did not entirely give his support; he added comments regarding the admission of women to the college, and thanked Lawrence again for his support of their enterprises.

Keywords: Churches; Divorce; Emery, James Stanley; Guthrie, Abelard; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Parkville & Grand River Railroad; Railroad companies; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Universities and colleges; Walker, Joel; Women; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, C. E. Blood to Dear Bro. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Blood, C.E.
Date: June 20, 1859
C. E. Blood wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Isaac Goodnow, imparting that the Vivaldi family had arrived in the town via the steamboat Gus Linn, Mr. Vivaldi having brought along his printing press and other equipment. The newspaper was then a "fixed and permanent fact." Blood updated Goodnow on the status of construction at the College and Joseph Denison's new home. He closed by reporting a rumor that there was a Republican majority in the Constitutional Convention at Wyandotte.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Steamboats; Town development; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter, Joseph Denison [to Isaac Goodnow]
Authors: Denison, Joseph
Date: August 28, 1859
Joseph Denison attached this letter to Isaac Goodnow to the end of a longer one written by Isaac's wife Ellen. Denison advised Goodnow to purchase insurance for the college buildings as soon as possible, to prevent a large investment loss. He also suggested that, once the roof of the building was completed, that someone sleep there at night for security reasons. Denison added that the railroad from Wyandotte to Fort Riley now had a stop in Manhattan, complete with depot.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Denison, Joseph; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Insurance; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Riley County, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Town development


Letter, Simpson Brothers to Hiram Hill Esq.
Authors: Simpson, W.A.
Date: October 7, 1859
W.A. Simpson wrote for the Simpson Brothers from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Simpson reported that the Lawrence City Council had passed a sidewalk ordinance, and had received a reasonable estimate for the work and materials to place them on Hill's properties.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Simpson, W.A.; Town development


Leavenworth City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy
Date: 1859
In addition to advertisements, and information about various civic institutions in Leavenworth, this city directory also contained an historical sketch of the city attributed to H. Miles Moore, one of Leavenworth's early settlers. Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials and community institutions. The volume contained a number of ads for businesses in St. Louis, Missouri. The item referenced a map that was supposed to serve as a street guide but it was not contained in the KSHS copy of this item.

Keywords: Advertisements; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Retail businesses; St. Louis, Missouri; Town development; Women


Barclay's Business Directory of Leavenworth for 1859
Authors: Pierse, Allen
Date: 1859
In addition to a listing of businesses and advertisements, the directory included the elected officials for the city of Leavenworth for 1858-59 and the newspapers published in Leavenworth. A few women are listed as owners of businesses. The information for the directory was compiled by Allen Pierse.

Keywords: Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pierse, Allen; Retail businesses; Town development; Women


Atchison City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy
Date: 1859
This was the first City Directory published for Atchison. In addition to advertisements, a street directory, and information about various civic institutions in Atchison, it also contained an historical sketch of the city written by Dr. J. H. Stringfellow, one of Atchison's "earliest pioneers." Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials.

Keywords: Advertisements; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Retail businesses; Stringfellow, John H.; Town development; Women


Letter, Ablard Wethier [?] to Josiah Miller, Esq.
Authors: Wethier, Ablard
Date: June 26, 1860
Ablard Wethier wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Josiah Miller, seeking the whereabouts of Charles Robinson and requesting that Miller serve him this notice to appear. Wethier claimed that Robinson had invested in the Quindaro Town Company but had sabotaged its endeavors. Wethier also stated that Robinson was "fatal to any enterprise he touches" and that "nothing but such an incubus [as Robinson] could keep down Quindaro."

Keywords: Fraud; Miller, Josiah; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Town companies; Town development; Wethier, Ablard; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, J. W. Robinson to Dear Friend [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Robinson, John W.
Date: November 12, 1860
John W. Robinson wrote from his home in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Isaac Goodnow. Robinson had given Goodnow agency to sell some of his Manhattan properties, and thanked him for his assistance as he was in great need of money. Robinson enthusiastically reacted to Lincoln's recent election to the Presidency, and claimed "even the Democrats assert that they are gratified at the result." He believed Kansas would be admitted to statehood early in the Legislative session. Robinson also discussed Manhattan's recent development projects, including new roads and a pontoon bridge.

Keywords: Bridges; Election, Presidential, 1860; Lincoln administration; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Medicine; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Roads; Robinson, John W.; Town development


Photo, Business Street with Covered Wagons
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Summer 1863
View West on 7th Street, Lawrence, KS.

Keywords: Business; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Landscape; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Settlement; Town development; Wagons


Photograph, Alfred Gray
Authors: Leonard & Martin, artists
Date: 
Alfred Gray was a resident of Quindaro, Kansas Territory and an attorney. He was involved in a number of land and other business dealings. This photograph of Gray was taken after the territorial period in 1882.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Gray, Alfred; Lawyers; Leonard & Martin, artists; Photographs and Illustrations; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, William Tecumseh Sherman
Authors: Kuhn Bros.
Date: 
William Tecumseh Sherman was involved in Leavenworth during the territorial period. He was a partner in a law firm with Thomas Ewing, Jr., who was also his brother-in-law. He was involved in promoting the interests of Leavenworth. He later gained fame as a Civil War General. This photograph was taken after his time in Kansas.

Keywords: Card photographs; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kuhn Bros.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Town development; Town promotion


Lithograph, Sumner, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c.1855
Lithograph, published by Middleton, Strobridge & Co., Cincinnati, OH, showing Sumner, Kansas Territory, c.1855. At the bottom of the lithograph, there is a small map of northeast Kansas.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Lithographs; Maps; Middleton, Strobridge & Co.; Steamboats; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Town development


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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