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43 results for Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899:
An act to incorporate the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts House of Representatives
Date: April 13, 1854
This document was written by the Massachusetts House of Representatives, declaring that the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was an official company in the state of Massachusetts. It also described the purpose of the company and listed the men involved in running the company. This company was the predecessor to the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which was founded in March 1855.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Eli Thayer
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: May 26, 1854
Webb, writing from Boston, Massachusetts, was the secretary of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. He informed Eli Thayer, the organizer of the company, of his concerns about fund raising efforts among the Massachusetts business elite.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


List of Subscriptions to Stock of the Massachusetts and New England Emigrant Aid Companies
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: May 1854 - June 1855
This volume includes lists of subscribers to shares of stock in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company and the New England Emigrant Aid Company. The reports list the name of the subscriber, place of residence, number of shares, total value of shares, and when the subscriber paid for the shares. Subscribers included Amos A. Lawrence, Eli Thayer, Charles Francis Adams, Moses Kimball, and Charles Robinson. The volume also includes a list of donors to the company.

Keywords: Adams, Charles Francis, 1807-1886; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Kimball, Moses, 1809-1895; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Circular, Worcester County [Massachusetts] Kansas League
Authors: Worcester County Kansas League
Date: July 11, 1854
This printed circular, issued by the Worcester County Kansas League, advertises the establishment and growth of the "Emigrant Aid Company." It further explains their role in assisting New Englanders to emigrate to the Kansas Territory. Included are the Constitution and By-laws of the Worcester County Kansas League.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Circulars; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Williams, John M. S.; Worcester County Kansas League


Letter, A. Oestreicher To Mr. Eli Thayer
Authors: Oestreicher, A.
Date: September 23, 1854
Oestreicher, writing from Cincinnati, Ohio, informed Thayer of the establishment of a Kansas Actual Settler's Association in that city. He indicated that the association, which was comprised primarily of German-Americans, planned to create a settlement in Kansas in the spring of 1855.

Keywords: Antislavery; Cincinnati, Ohio; Free state supporters; Germans; Kansas Actual Settler's Association; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Oestreicher, A.; Ohio; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, I. T. Goodnow to Stephen French Jr, Esq.
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: December 16, 1854
Isaac Goodnow wrote from East Greenwich, Massachusetts, to Stephen French Jr. Goodnow communicated his excitement of having decided to emigrate to Kansas Territory the coming March, inspired by a conversation with Eli Thayer two weeks before. His motivations were varied, as he expressed his desire to see that slavery was prohibited in the Territory. However, he also mentioned that emigration to the Territory was a good way to get rich, and hoped that the climate there would be more suitable for his ailing wife, Ellen.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Emigration and immigration; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Town settlement


Kanzas and Nebraska: the History, Geographical, and Physical Characteristics, and Political Position of those Territories; an account of the Emigrant Aid Companies and Directions to Emigrants
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: 1854
This volume is generally accepted as the first book on Kansas. It dealt with Nebraska Territory also. The author, Edward Everett Hale indicated that he had researched the various memoirs and exploration journals of the various white men who had visited the area before its creation as a territory. This research resulted in a narrative history that focused on Native Americans and events in the area prior to 1854. Hale also included information about emigrant aid companies and the volume included some printed letters from emigrant aid company agents. The volume included the charter and "objects" of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid company, which was organized in March, 1854. Hale also provided some information on the Emigrant Aid Company of New York and Connecticut, which was organized in July, 1854 and the Union Emigration Society. The Appendices include the constitution of the Worcester Co. Kanzas League and a letter from George S. Park describing the Kansas and Smoky Hill river valleys.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Exploration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Journals; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Landscape; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Native Americans; Park, George S.; Railroads; Settlement; Smoky Hill River, Kansas Territory; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Union Emigration Society; Worcester County Kansas League


Report of the Committee of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Date: 1854
This report, issued by the founders of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company, devotes itself in part to communicating the objectives and mission of the Company, which primarily was to protect persons emigrating West from scams and other "knavery". The report also includes a few journal-style entries by Charles Robinson regarding his experiences in Nebraska and Kansas in 1849. Following Robinson's accounts are various excerpted newspaper articles and letters endorsing the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Bullock, Alexander H.; Business enterprises; Clapp, Otis; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Kansas Territory; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Nebraska Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Wade, Edward


Circular, Plan of Operations of the Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Date: 1854
This circular, written "for the purpose of answering numerous inquiries, concerning the plan of operation of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company, and the resources of the Kansas Territory", contains two sections. The first outlines the objectives and plans of the Aid Company; the second, longer portion, serves as a type of almanac about journeying to and settling in Kansas Territory. The Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was the predecessor of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which was formed in 1855.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Circulars; Crops; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Landscape; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Native Americans; Park, George S.; Smoky Hill Valley, Kansas Territory; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Transportation; Wakarusa River; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Charter, Officers, and Objects of the Company
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: c. 1855
This charter of the New England Emigrant Aid Company lists officers, directors, members of the executive committee and information about the stock of the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Branscomb, Charles H.; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Worcester County Kanzas League promotional brochure
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: February 13, 1855
This circular letter was written by Edward E. Hale on behalf of the Worcester County Kanzas League. It was probably affiliated with the New England Emigrant Aid Company as many of the officers are the same. The document provided detailed information about how emigrants would get to Kansasand tips for settling once they got there. He also provided information on how to support the League through the purchase of stock.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Branscomb, Charles H.; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroads; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.; Worcester County Kansas League; Worcester, Massachusetts


An Act to Incorporate the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts. General Court
Date: February 21, 1855
The act of the Massachusetts legislature authorizing the creation of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, the successor to the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts. General Court; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Revd. Edw. E. Hale
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 25, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing from Boston to Edward Everett Hale, a Worcester, Massachusetts resident, expressed concern about the manner in which Worcester leaders in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company were doing business. Specifically, Lawrence was upset about Hale's and Eli Thayer's use of Emigrant Aid Company funds to make a loan to George Washington Brown, the editor of the Herald of Freedom.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Worcester, Massachusetts


Letter, Eli Thayer to Dr. [Thomas H.] Webb
Authors: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: March 3, 1855
Eli Thayer, writing from Worcester, Massachusetts to Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, expressed his positive impression of the emigrant aid company founded in Connecticut. He also expressed his distrust of the American Settlement Company and the New York League, two other emigrant aid organizations.

Keywords: American Settlement Company; Connecticut Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New York League; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Minutes, New England Emigrant Aid Company Annual Meetings
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: March 5, 1855 - May 29, 1860
Proceedings of the New England Emigrant Aid Company stockholders meetings. The meetings typically involved the election of officers, a treasurer's report, consideration of resolutions, and an assessment of the company's prospects in Kansas. The minutes for the first meeting of the New England Emigrant Aid Company (March 5, 1855) included the corporation by-laws.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Higginson, Charles J.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Minutes; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, C. Robinson to E. Thayer
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: April 2, 1855
Charles Robinson, writing from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Eli Thayer in Worcester, Massachusetts, described voting irregularities in the March 30, 1855 election of members to the territorial legislature. Robinson maintained that the election was "controlled entirely by Missourians" who came to the territory, took over the polling places, and cast illegal ballots to ensure that proslavery supporters were elected to the legislature. Robinson also reported that free staters in Lawrence had formed themselves into four military companies, and urged Thayer to send Sharps rifles and cannons for these forces.

Keywords: Cannons; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, March 1855; Free state perspective; Guns; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Militia; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sharps rifles; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Weapons (see also Guns)


To the citizens of Missouri
Authors: Brown, John Carter, 1797-1874
Date: September 1855
This letter was written by the directors of New England Emigrant Aid Company responding to various charges made against them by the citizens of Missouri.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John Carter; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Kansas Nebraska Act; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Missourians; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Doctor [Samuel Cabot]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 9, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing to Dr. Samuel Cabot, complained that Eli Thayer was not doing enough in support of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. Lawrence commented that he had personally invested $13,000 in the company during the previous year and declared that it was time to "hold up" on future contributions.

Keywords: Cabot, Samuel; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Ledger Sheet, Eli Thayer, Worcester, Mass. to the N. E. Em. Aid Co.
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: November 30, 1855 - May 6, 1857
This general ledger sheet detailed Eli Thayer's receipts and disbursements in his work on behalf of the New England Emigrant Aid Company between November 30, 1855 and May 6, 1857.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Financial statements; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Circular, Informational Letter regarding Emigration to Kansas
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: 1855
Edward Hale was the author of this printed letter describing the services provided by the [New England] Emigrant Aid Company and the conditions of settlement in Kansas Territory. Hale included information regarding cost of travel and settlement, conditions of land acquisition, job opportunities, and relations with local Indians. He also addressed the slavery question, and already mentioned occurrences of election fraud on the part of proslavery supporters, but concluded that, in his own opinion "there is no danger whatever for Kanzas".

Keywords: Business enterprises; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Libraries; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Travel; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, F. D. Kimball to Eli Thayer, Esq.
Authors: Kimball, F. D.
Date: May 30, 1856
F. D. Kimball, Attorney General of Ohio, wrote from Columbus, Ohio to Eli Thayer. Kimball reported on James Lane's recent visit to Ohio and described Lane's plans to establish a "line of communication with Kansas via Iowa & Nebraska" for the passage of emigrants and supplies. This line of communication, which allowed free state supporters to bypass Missouri in travelling to Kansas, became known as the Lane Trail.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Free state support; Iowa; Kimball, F. D.; Lane Trail; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Nebraska Territory; Ohio; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, G. W. Brown to Eli Thayer, Esq.
Authors: Brown, George W (George Washington), 1820-1915
Date: June 4, 1856
George Washington Brown, editor of the Herald of Freedom newspaper, was one of seven free state leaders arrested on May 14, 1856 on charges of high treason and held prisoner by federal troops near Lecompton. G. W. Brown described the sack of Lawrence and the destruction of his printing press, commented upon the harshness of his prison conditions, and asked Eli Thayer to do anything in his power to help secure his release.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state cause; Free state perspective; Herald of Freedom; Journalism; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Press; Prisoners; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Slave power; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Treason


To the People of the United States
Authors: Cabot, Samuel ; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Higginson, Charles J.; Russell, Le Baron ; Spooner, William B.; Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899; Waters, R. P.; Williams, John M.S.
Date: June 17, 1856
This printed circular was produced by the executive committee of the New England Emigrant Aid Company to respond to what it perceived as errors in the "Report made to the Senate of the United States by the Chairman of the Committee on Territories, March 12, 1856." The circular addressed issues such as it was not a "mammoth moneyed corporation" or that it was not connected to the state of Massachusetts. The document contained a long section on how its purpose was "to aid in the permanent settlement of the Territory of Kanzas by a free and intelligent population" and that it had not attempted to violate the Kansas Nebraska Act. The committee also argued that it had not invested its funds in weapons and that it had not encouraged violence against residents of Missouri. It concluded that many residents of Kansas Territory were supportive of the company and that many of its supporters in Massachusetts were prominent, well respected individuals.

Keywords: Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Higginson, Charles J.; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Russell, Le Baron; Spooner, William B.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; United States. Senate; Waters, R. P.; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, Eli Thayer to Mr. [William] Barnes
Authors: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: June 20, 1856
Eli Thayer, writing from Worcester, Massachusetts to William Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee, offered recommendations on how to organize a national Kansas aid organization.

Keywords: Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Free state support; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New York State Kansas Committee; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Worcester, Massachusetts


Letter, J. F. Tallant to Hon. E. Thayer
Authors: Tallant, J. F.
Date: July 15, 1856
J. F. Tallant wrote from Burlington, Iowa to Eli Thayer in Worcester, Massachusetts, seeking Thayer's endorsement of a plan to build a railroad across southern Iowa from Burlington, on the Mississippi River, to a point on the Missouri River. He observed that the federal government recently passed an Iowa land bill donating alternate sections of land to four railroad routes from the Mississippi River to the Missouri River. Tallant maintained that the proposed southern Iowa route would provide an easier route to Kansas for antislavery supporters.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Iowa; Railroads; Tallant, J. F.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Transportation


Letter, Eli Thayer to Mr. [William] Barnes
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: August 1, 1856
Eli Thayer, writing from Worcester, Massachusetts to William Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee, commented on his recent appointment as general agent for the National Kansas Committee.

Keywords: Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Free state support; National Kansas Committee; New York State Kansas Committee; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, Eli Thayer to Mr. [Charles] Robinson
Authors: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: August 5, 1856
From Worcester, Mass., on August 5, 1856, the founder of the Emigrant Aid Company wrote Charles Robinson's "brother" about "certain efforts to injure the reputation of your brother" whom Thayer called "heroic." He mentions the Buffalo convention and the shipment of weapons to KT, but the main objective was to reassure the governor via his "brother" that he had not been forgotten and that Thayer would remain his champion in the East.

Keywords: Free state activities; Free state government; Guns; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Weapons (see also Guns); Worcester, Massachusetts


Plan of Action, Charles Robinson
Authors: Higginson, Thomas Wentworth
Date: November 5, 1856
This document lays out the plan of action proposed by Charles Robinson at a meeting of free state leaders in Boston on November 5, 1856. Most likely these notes from the meeting were written by Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a radical abolitionist from Massachusetts. Six resolutions were passed, some focusing on emigration and others on land sales or fundraising. The back of the document lists the names of those present at the meeting, including such influential figures as Senator Henry Wilson and Eli Thayer.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabot, Samuel; Emery, James Stanley; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Free state legislature; Immigration and early settlement; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Smith, Gerritt; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875


Letter, H. B. Hurd to Dear Sir [Theodore Hyatt]
Authors: Hurd, H. B.
Date: December 1, 1856
This letter was written by the secretary of the National Kansas Committee, H. B. Hurd, to Theodore Hyatt, whose brother was chairman of this committee. The most noteworthy aspect of the letter is the letterhead, which included a listing of the members of the committee, the executive officers, and their hometowns. It also included the address of their Chicago office.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Barnard, S. S.; Cabot, Samuel; Clark, W. Penn; Dole, G. W.; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Gordon, Alex; Hoppin, W. H.; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Hunt, F. A.; Hurd, H. B.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; National Kansas Committee; Reader, A. H.; Russell, W. H.; Scammon, J. Young; Stanley, W. H.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Tweedy, J. H.; Webster, J. D.; White, Horace; Wright, John W.


Letter from National Kansas Committee
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: 1856
This was a generic solicitation letter seeking money, supplies, and settlers. It mentioned Col. Buford's expedition to Kansas and speculated on Southern motives with regard to Kansas.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; Emigration and immigration; Food; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Hurd, H. B.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas State Central Committee; Money; National Kansas Committee; New York; Relief; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1856
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1856
Thomas Webb expanded the information in his previous version of this circular to produce a more current edition. Topics such as travel routes, preparation, and provisions are still discussed, while more information regarding town settlements, accommodations, and family life are new additions.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brown, John Carter; Cities and towns; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Timber; Town development; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, James Redpath to Sir
Authors: Redpath, James , 1833-1891
Date: February 1857
This printed form letter was written by James Redpath to the people of Boston asking for money for the people of Manhattan, Kansas in order to build a church, school, and library. Redpath had been appointed their agent to solicit this money. He included a list of references at the foot of the page.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabot, Samuel; Churches; Community life; Dana, Charles A.; Education; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, J. Henry Muzzy to Dear Sir [Eli Thayer]
Authors: Muzzy, J. Henry
Date: March 3, 1857
J. Henry Muzzy wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Eli Thayer in Worcester, Massachusetts. Muzzy informed Thayer that free state supporters in Kansas were not, as Thayer had predicted, discouraged by James Buchanan's election as president in November 1856. He observed that the territory had been quiet during the winter of 1856-1857, but warned that the "ruffians" likely would engage in efforts during the spring of 1857 to discourage eastern emigration to Kansas. Muzzy also commented on the dilemma that free staters faced in deciding whether to pay the taxes levied by the proslavery "bogus legislature." He and his fellow free state supporters were not inclined to pay taxes imposed by a "foreign power," but they also realized that if Governor Geary called in U.S. troops to enforce the law they would have no choice but to pay. Muzzy concluded by stating that he was thankful for the end of the "reign of Frank Pierce," contending that "any change at Washington can hardly be for the worse."

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state perspective; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Muzzy, J. Henry; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Relief; Taxation; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, Eli Thayer to Friend [John] Brown
Authors: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: March 18, 1857
In this brief letter from Worcester, Mass., Eli Thayer wrote Brown with regard to his appearance at Concord and possibility of Brown coming to Worcester.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Massachusetts; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Worcester, Massachusetts


Letter, Eli Thayer to Friend [John] Brown
Authors: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: March 19, 1857
In this brief follow up to his March 18 letter, Eli Thayer wrote Brown to say that "next Monday" would be a good time for Brown's speech on "the free State Cause of Kansas which is the Cause of mankind" in Worcester.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state cause; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Worcester, Massachusetts


Letter, Eli Thayer to Capt. [John] Brown
Authors: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: March 30, 1857
Thayer, the president of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote Brown from his home in Worcester, Mass., that he (Thayer) and his associates had "not the remotest idea of relinquishing Kansas" and that he would send Brown $50. Thayer also asked when Brown planned to visit Worcester.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state cause; Kansas question; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, A. Pierse to Dear Sir [Eli Thayer]
Authors: Pierse, A.
Date: March 31, 1857
A. Pierse wrote from Washington, D.C. to Eli Thayer in Worcester, Massachusetts. Pierse was born in North Carolina and lived most of his life in the South but had been living in Minnesota Territory for the past seven years. He told Thayer that he planned to move to Kansas in the spring of 1857. Pierse offered Thayer his opinion on what free state supporters should do in Kansas Territory. He informed Thayer that, although he had "Southern opinions on the subject of slavery" and believed the federal government had no right to prohibit slavery in the territories, he was "without prejudice for or against either side" in the debate over slavery in Kansas Territory. Pierse suggested that the best course for free staters to take would be to accept the Dred Scott decision, actively participate in the political process in Kansas Territory, and work for the admission of Kansas as a state with or without slavery. Once Kansas was admitted, he contended, free state supporters would be on firmer legal ground to advocate for the prohibition of slavery, since it was generally accepted that "the people have the power to prohibit slavery in their state." He concluded by stating that once Kansas was a state, free staters could make the case that property would be worth 3 or 4 times more if slavery was prohibited in the state.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Dred Scott decision; Free state prospects; Pierse, A.; Proslavery perspective; Slavery; Southern emigrants; Southerners; Statehood (see also Admission, Kansas); Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, C. [Charles] Robinson to Rev. E. E. [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: April 7, 1857
Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Robinson complained about the lack of respect he had received from New England Emigrant Aid Company leaders. He was particularly upset about criticisms of his financial ability. Robinson expressed anger at what he perceived as Eli Thayer's and the New England Emigrant Aid Company's opposition to the development of the town of Quindaro. Robinson included excerpts from a letter he received from James Redpath outlining Thayer's criticisms of Robinson's involvement with Quindaro.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1857
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1857
Thomas Webb compiled this more comprehensive version of his earlier circulars by the same name. Containing much of the same information as the previous versions, such as details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas and subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, it features a large section that describes individual town settlements. This circular also addresses the proslavery and free state conflict, though in a nonpartisan manner, considering the interests of both groups.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Books; Brown, John Carter; Circulars; Crops; Diseases; Education; Food; Guns; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Libraries; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Religion; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Town settlement; Transportation; Travel literature; Weapons (see also Guns); Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to Hon. Eli Thayer
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: May 24, 1858
Isaac T. Goodnow wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory to Eli Thayer in Worcester, Massachusetts. Goodnow asked Thayer for his support for Bluemont Central College (predecessor to Kansas State University), a college chartered near Manhattan which would have "an Agricultural Department of a most thorough practical character." Goodnow asserted that "now when the victory [for free staters] in the main is won" it was time to focus attention on schools and churches.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Lecompton Constitution; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Universities and colleges


Letter, R. A. Randlett to Ely Thayer
Authors: Randlett, Reuben A.
Date: February 25, 1860
With regard to clothing sent from New England to "the poor of Kansas in 1856," R. A. Randlett of Topeka sought to find out if Thayer's Emigrant Aid Company was involved and if officials had intended that the clothing be sold or given away. The clothing was sold during the summer of 1857 "on a years time," according to Randlett, and now some men were trying to collect for it.

Keywords: Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New Hampshire; Randlett, Reuben A.; Relief fraud; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My dear S [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 7, 1860
From Washington, D.C., December 7, 1860, Charles Robinson wrote his wife regarding the likelihood of secession and the government's response should this happen. He expected Kansas to be admitted to the Union, perhaps as soon as some of the Southern states withdrew their members from the Senate, and also believe the chances were good that Congress would authorize payment of Kansas' claims against the government for damages--such payments would provide some help for those presently in need of relief assistance.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Railroad land grants; Relief; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Secession; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; United States. Congress


Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My dear S [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 19, 1860
On December 19, 1860, Charles Robinson again wrote to his wife from Washington, D.C., where he was lobbying members of Congress and other officials on behalf of Kansas and himself. Numerous Kansans, including Robinson, who conducting a vigorous campaign for appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, were seeking positions in the new administration. "Unless men lie beyond all comprehension," wrote Robinson the ultimately unsuccessful office seeker, "I don't see how I can fail of the appointment."

Keywords: Blair, Montgomery; Conway, Martin Franklin; Gray, Alfred; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Railroad land grants; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stevens, Robert S.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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