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21 results for Schools:
Account Book for the Topeka Association
Authors: Crane, Franklin L.
Date: April 23, 1855 - December 1, 1857
Franklin L. Crane was elected chairman of the board of trustees of the Topeka Association in 1856. These pages contain the association's financial accounts as well as an ongoing narrative about town association business. It describes sales and trades of lots, efforts to start businesses and cultural institutions, and the names of people involved in Topeka's early history. Interspersed throughout these accounts of association business are brief mentions of Franklin Crane's personal affairs. Select pages have been chosen from this volume.

Keywords: Account books; Burgess, H. B.; Business; Business enterprises; Businessmen; Dickey, Milton C.; Election, Territorial Legislature, March 1855; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Land speculation; Oakley, Walter; Railroads design and construction; Schools; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; St. Joseph, Missouri; Surveyors; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town associations; Town development; Town lots; Willits, Jacob; Zimmerman, Israel


Letter, O. [Orville] C. Brown to Dear Sir [Mr. Edwards]
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: April 10, 1856
Orville C. Brown wrote this letter from Osawatomie to Mr. Edwards, regarding a shipment of school books. He also wrote concerning a common school in the area that would begin classes in May, taught by a Mr. Martin. Brown also mentioned, rather briefly, the needs of the Osawatomie community, including such skilled workers as blacksmiths and carpenters.

Keywords: Books; Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Schools; Skilled workers


Letter, W. F. M. Arny to Governor [John White] Geary
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: December 8, 1856
This broadside of a letter by W. F. M. Arny was written to Governor Geary about the need for education in Kansas. Arny, an agent with the National Kansas Committee, proposed the creation of three funds: a university fund, a seminary fund, and a common school fund. Within the university structure, he proposed a normal school, an agricultural and horticultural school, and a mechanical school. He thought that it would be best to ask Congress for land for schools.

Keywords: Agriculture; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Congress (See United States. Congress); Education; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; National Kansas Committee; Schools; Teachers; Teaching; Universities and colleges


Settlers on Little Sugar Creek
Authors: Stewart, John E.
Date: c. 1856 or 1857
This listing of the settlers along Little Sugar Creek includes information about each settler, the resources in the area, and local buildings. It also includes an account of an attack by the Missouri ruffians in which a number of men were carried off to Westport, Missouri. It was most likely compiled by John E. Stewart at the request of Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee.

Keywords: Arkansas; Border ruffians; Churches; Free state settlers; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Little Sugar Creek, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Missouri; Ohio; Proslavery settlers; Schools; Settlement; Timber; Titus, Henry Theodore; Violence; Westport, Missouri


Methodist Episcopal Church in Kansas, Educational Convention
Authors: Oakley, Walter
Date: March 17-18, 1857
This item described an education convention held by the Methodist Episcopal Church in Kansas at Blue Mound, Kansas Territory. The purpose of the convention was to "found a University." L. B. Dennis was chosen as the chairman and Walter Oakley was the secretary. The document stated the need for the university and indicated that proposals had been received from the towns of Blue Mound, Prairie City, Centropolis, Topeka, Palmyra, and Lawrence. The proposal from Palmyra was accepted and they promised to provide eight hundred acres of land and to purchase $20,000 in "university stock." The institution founded by this convention was named Baker University and the town of Palmyra became Baldwin City. An association was set up to support the "erection and endowment" of the university.

Keywords: Baker University; Baldwin, Kansas Territory; Blue Mound, Kansas Territory; Dennis, Levin B.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Oakley, Walter; Palmyra, Kansas Territory`; Schools


Inaugural Address of R. J. Walker, Governor of Kansas Territory. Delivered in Lecompton, K. T., May 27, 1857
Authors: Walker, Robert J. (John), 1801-1869
Date: May 27, 1857
In this long and formal printed document directed to the citizens of Kansas, Robert Walker reviewed various issues facing Kansas Territory. He argued that all of the voters of Kansas Territory needed to vote on the Constitution and that he was pledged to seeing that the elections were fair. He explained that this was the procedure that had been set up by Congress. The address also discussed issues related to public lands in Kansas, particularly grants of lands for railroads and schools and to taxation. Walker addressed the issue of slavery in detail and explained that the "law of the thermometer, of latitude or altitude, regulating climate, labor and productions" would determine the extent of the spread of slavery based on profit and loss. Walker explained that this law rendered slavery unprofitable in cooler climates which were "unsuited to the tropical constitution of the negro race." He also argued that it was more important that the people of Kansas determined their government rather than not having one because of the issue of slavery.

Keywords: African Americans; Constitutions; Kansas Territory. Governor; Railroad land grants; Schools; Slavery; Voting; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Articles of Agreement and Specifications, Topeka School House Construction
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: June 9, 1857
Charles H. Branscomb, acting on behalf of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, contracted with Abner Doane to construct a school house on Harrison St. in Topeka. Detailed construction specifications for the school house were included as part of the agreement.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Construction; Doane, Abner; Education; New England Emigrant Aid Company; School buildings; Schools; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Letter, E. [Ephraim] Nute to [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Nute, Ephraim
Date: August 3, 1857
Rev. Ephraim Nute, minister of the Lawrence Unitarian Church, wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Nute described efforts to establish a high school in Lawrence as well as a university in Kansas Territory. He also advised Hale to pay close attention to the activities of Francis Serenbetz, a German Congregational minister who was the leader of a group of German immigrants who settled in Humboldt, Kansas Territory. In Nute's opinion, Serenbetz was an "unmitigated humbug and nuisance" who came to Kansas for self-interested reasons. Nute urged Hale to stop sending settlers to Kansas who lacked financial resources or a willingness to work to support themselves.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Election, Topeka Constitution, August 1857; Elections; Emigrant aid companies; Germans; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nute, Ephraim; Schools; Serenbetz, Francis M.; Topeka Constitution; Universities and colleges


Letter, Your loving Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: January 18, 1858
Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, at their family's home in Illinois. Trego, tired of "keeping bach" (living a bachelor's lifestyle), he occupied himself with the milling business, which was sawing 4000 ft of lumber each day. A member of the town company in Mound City, he had also recently traveled to gain support for the construction of some new roads in the area; he was also interested in developing a school. At the end of the letter, Trego wrote personal notes to each of his three daughters.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Roads; School buildings; Schools; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Teachers; Timber; Town development; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington


Letter, J. H. Noteware to His Excellency Gov. [James W.] Denver
Authors: Noteware, James H.
Date: March 5, 1858
James H. Noteware, superintendent of schools for Kansas Territory, wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory to Governor James W. Denver seeking the governor's support for his effort to establish a school system in the territory.

Keywords: Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Education; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Noteware, James H.; Schools


Letter, Ms. Maria Felt to Dear Mr. [Thomas W.] Higginson
Authors: Felt, Maria
Date: June 25, 1858
Miss Felt wrote this letter to Thomas Higginson, telling of her journey from Clinton, Massachusetts to Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Apparently, she was emigrating to Kansas in order to teach school. Miss Felt and her party traveled by train until they reached Alton, Illinois, where they took a steamer along the Mississippi to St. Louis. From there they traveled to Jefferson City and finally reached Leavenworth, Kansas Territory. At that point they traveled to Lawrence by stagecoach and Indian canoe. Once she had arrived in Lawrence, which she found to be a pretty town, she became acquainted with James Redpath, R. J. Hinton, Samuel Tappan, and George Stearns. She also called on Ephraim Nute, but she disliked both him and his wife, writing that they "sat up like two icicles." This letter appears to have been edited at some later date.

Keywords: Felt, Maria; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Nute, Ephraim; Railroads; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Schools; St. Louis, Missouri; Stagecoaches; Steamboats; Transportation; Travel; Water transportation; Weather; Women


Account Book, 1858-1872
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: August - September 1858
Robinson's August and September 1858 "Account Book" entries included several for the "Quindaro Company," which was being actively promoted and developed at this time. Specific items included reference to the purchase of "2 yoke cattle" for $150, "expenses of C.R. at Washington," and an itemized list of supplies and services for the infant river town.

Keywords: Account books; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Financial statements; Gray, Alfred; Kansas Land Trust Company; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Schools; Stevens, Robert S.; Town companies; Washington, D.C.; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt); Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Diary, Anna Margaret (Watson) Randolph
Authors: Randolph, Anna Margaret (Watson)
Date: December 12, 1858 - December 19, 1858
These excerpts from Anna (Watson) Randolph's diary begin after her family had settled in Emporia in 1858. Living in Emporia provided many opportunities for her and her family to become involved in the community, including church services and "singing school." She includes juicy details about her neighbors, including Mr. Plumb who was a fan of the drink. Her entries also point to her mental state and her personal reflections on self improvement. In short, these entries provide a previously unseen glimpse into the Emporia community during the 1850s and into the lives of the Watson family.

Keywords: Churches; Community life; Daily life; Diaries; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Fraternal Organizations; Freemasons; Holidays; Randolph, Anna Margaret (Watson); Schools


Pamphlet, Report of Samuel W. Greer, Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools
Authors: Greer, Samuel W
Date: December 30, 1858
Samuel Greer, having been appointed Territorial Superintendent of Public Instruction by the Free State Party's Central Committee only four months before, reported on the status of the public education system in the Territory. Greer emphasized that perfection should not be anticipated as K.T. had little financial revenue to contribute at that time. He proposed dividing the school system by municipal townships and sub-districts for easier management. Greer did however find praise for the school in Lawrence, relating that "the best order prevails. . .the scholars. . .are advancing rapidly in their studies", and referring to the school as example to "awaken a spirit of generous emulation in other parts of the Territory."

Keywords: Economic conditions; Education; Greer, Samuel Wiley; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Schools; Superintendent of Public Instruction; Taxation


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: May 31, 1859
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb informed Conway that the Company's Executive Committee had approved Isaac Goodnow's request for a donation for Bluemont College in Manhattan, Kansas Territory. Bluemont College later became Kansas State University.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Conway, Martin Franklin; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Schools; Universities and colleges; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Report of the Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools, Kansas, 1859
Authors: Greer, Samuel W
Date: 1859
This report, compared with that from the preceding year, demonstrates the rapid evolution of the public school system in Kansas Territory. Samuel Greer, Territorial Superintendent, included information regarding his own efforts, teacher's institutions and qualifications, private and Indian schools, female seminaries, colleges and universities, school libraries, and recommended curricula and textbooks, among other topics. Greer's report also published the individual reports from each County Superintendent.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Books; Education; Greer, Samuel Wiley; Kansas Territory; Libraries; Schools; Superintendent of Public Instruction; Teachers; Universities and colleges; Women


Annual Message of Governor Medary
Authors: Medary, S. (Samuel) , 1801-1864
Date: January 3, 1860
Governor Medary addressed his annual message to the Council and House of Representatives of Kansas Territory from the executive office in Lecompton, Kansas Territory on January 3, 1860. At this point, the Wyandotte Constitution had been approved and was awaiting action by Congress. Medary outlined a number of issues that the legislature needed to resolve. These included the organization of counties and townships, setting interest rates, public schools, procedures for selling public lands, bank charters, a penitentiary, a territorial library, and railroads. He indicated that he believed a law passed by the last session of the legislature deprived many citizens of the right to vote that that law needed to be changed.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Laws; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Prisons; Railroads; Schools; Voting


Report, Robert Simerwell to the American Baptist Publication Society
Authors: Simerwell, Robert W.
Date: May 1860
Robert Simerwell, a missionary for the American Baptist Publication Society, sent this report to the national headquarters in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Although he had been suffering with an illness, Simerwell still managed to distribute some religious literature. He was also planning on attending an organizational meeting for a church on Mission Creek, and he seemed encouraged by Kansan's eagerness to participate in Sunday School.

Keywords: American Baptist Publication Society; Auburn, Kansas Territory; Baptists; Churches; Missionaries; Religion; Schools; Simerwell, Robert W.


Letter, G. M. Beebe to John Bayless Esq.
Authors: Beebe, George M.
Date: September 20, 1860
George Beebe, Territorial Secretary, wrote from Lecompton, Kansas Territory, to John Bayless, responding to Bayless' previous solicitation for his opinion. Beebe referred to an act of 1860 which would abolish all county offices, including the office of Superintendent of Schools, in his opinion. John Bayless was the first Superintendent of Schools in Doniphan County.

Keywords: Bayless, John; Beebe, George Monroe; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Schools


First Semi-Annual Catalogue of Topeka Academy, For 1859-'60
Authors: Topeka Academy
Date: 1860
This catalog for the Topeka Academy listed the teachers, the committee of examination, the students (gentlemen and ladies were listed separately), information about the academy including costs and textbooks used. Two of the teachers were women.

Keywords: Community life; Daily life; Education; Schools; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Teachers; Topeka Academy; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Women


Educational globe from Delaware Baptist Mission
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1837-1867
Globe made by the Halbrook School Apparatus Company and used in he Delaware Baptist Mission in Wyandotte County, near Edwardsville, Kansas. The Delaware Indians came to Kansas in the mid-1830s, followed by the missionaries who came to educate and convert them to Christianity. The mission was founded by Ira D. Blanchard in 1837 and later run by John G. Pratt.

Keywords: Baptists; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Delaware Indians; Halbrook School Apparatus Company; Missionaries; Objects; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Schools; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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