Skip Redundent Navigation
Territorial Kansas Online 1854-1861 Explore Topics Territorial A-Z Map Lesson Plans  

Territorial A-Z

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | 0-9


113 results for Relief:
Blank Certificate to acknowledge donations to the Free State Kansas Fund
Authors: Free State Kansas Fund
Date: unknown
This blank certificate was to be used to acknowledge contributions to be used for the relief of "Free State Citizens" and for the "establishment of FREEDOM" in Kansas Territory. It had three lithographs and quotes from the constitution and the Missouri Compromise. It was printed in Albany, New York.

Keywords: Certificates; Free State Kansas Fund; Free state cause; Free state support; New York; Relief


Circular, To the Women of the State of New York
Authors: Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885
Date: c. 1856
This circular was composed of a letter written by Clarina Nichols to the women of New York. In this eloquent letter she attempted to persuade them to send support to the people of Kansas, appealing to their hearts and their experiences as mothers.

Keywords: Circulars; Food; Free state perspective; New York; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Relief; Women


Letter, Wm. Hutchinson to A. H. Shurtleff
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: ca. 1856
William Hutchinson, secretary of the Kansas Central Committee, wrote from Lawrence to A. Havington Shurtleff, agent for the New York State Kansas Committee. Hutchinson was responding to Shutleff's request for an assessment of the efforts to send emigrant parties and relief to Kansas Territory. Overall, Hutchinson offered a fairly negative view of the efforts of the eastern emigrant aid societies to send relief and emigrants to the territory.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Kansas State Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Migration, internal; New York State Kansas Committee; Relief; Shurtleff, A. Havington


Letters, by Thaddeus Hyatt (No. 3 and No. 4, incomplete)
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: 1856
These two excerpts of letters written by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, described the early workings of this committee and its work for the free state cause. Copy No. 3 discussed the "Tabernacle Committee" and the appropriation of side arms and Sharps rifles. Copy No. 4 referred to J.M. Winchell, authorizing him to make a withdrawal from the New York Kansas Fund. [The first page of the letters which is included in the text version was not scanned.]

Keywords: Firearms; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Sharps rifles; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Statement on the Central Committee
Authors: Undersigned Citizens of Kansas Territory, John Stroup (first signature)
Date: January 8, 1856
This document, signed by Kansas citizens from the Lawrence area, deplores the condition of the Central Committee's room and office. These citizens claim that they were mistreated and that the relief effort should be placed in more benevolent hands. They ask that the National Kansas Committee "remove the present incumbents and apoint persons Who have Some feeling for poor Suffering humanity." It concludes with a list of signatures.

Keywords: Central Relief Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Relief


Letter, Thomas Webb, Boston, Massachusetts to J. S. Emery, Brandon, Vt.
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: April 4, 1856
Emery was in New England and Webb was informing him of various places in Maine and New Hampshire that would like someone from Kansas to speak to them. Webb informed Emery that the group in New Hampshire was interested in securing recruits to go to Kansas but that Emery's principal purpose was to raise money for the Relief Fund. He wrote Emery that the sponsoring group should cover his expenses, that they should take contributions at any public meeting and that they should establish a committee for soliciting funds locally. Webb also described an incident where Missourians seized a box they thought contained weapons, but it housed a rosewood piano. Webb also mentioned that Charles Robinson was in Washington, D. C.

Keywords: Emery, James Stanley; Free state activities; Furniture; Massachusetts; Proslavery activities; Relief; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Minutes, Kansas Relief Committee
Authors: National Kansas Committee
Date: June 9, 1856 - June 26, 1856
This document details the minutes of three meetings of the Kansas Relief Committee, otherwise known as the National Kansas Committee, held in 1856 on June 9th, June 21st, and June 26th. It also includes information about the membership of this emigrant aid company. The first of these meetings adopted resolutions to aid the plight of free-state settlers in Kansas Territory. Furthermore, the members of the committee decided to establish five thousand settlers in Kansas Territory and to give them a year's worth of provisions.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Border ruffians; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Relief Committee; Minutes; Missouri; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Relief funds


Record Book
Authors: Kansas State Central Committee
Date: July 3, 1856 - July 13, 1857
These are the official proceedings of the Kansas State Central Committee that was established to coordinate the activities of the Free State Party. District committees were established to carry out activities at the local level.

Keywords: Antislavery; Free State Party; Kansas State Central Committee; Military; Relief


Letter, Marian S. Hand to Dear Bro & Sister, [Samuel and Florella Adair] note added by T. W. Hand
Authors: Hand, Marian S.
Date: July 7, 1856
Marian Brown Hand, Rawsonville, Ohio, wrote her sister Florella Adair and brother-in-law Samuel Adair inquiring about events in Kansas and John Brown and his sons. She said the Kansas Aid Societies and Ladies Aid Societies were forming to help families that suffered in Kansas Territory. Her husband added to the end of the letter discussing politics. He felt that Fremont would be elected President and that would insure freedom in Kansas and the North.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Antislavery perspective; Election, Presidential, 1856; Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890; Hand, Marian S.; Hand, T. W.; Ohio; Rawsonville, Ohio; Relief; Women


Letter, W. W. Updegraff to William Hutchinson
Authors: Updegraff, W. W.
Date: August 5, 1856
W. W. Updegraff, writing from Osawatomie, KT, described pro-slavery forces stealing horses from free state supporters, the need of free state settlers in the Osawatomie area for financial assistance, and his views on the potential for war in the event of John C. Fremont's election as president in the November 1856 election.

Keywords: Election, Presidential, 1856; Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890; Horse stealing; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery; Relief; Updegraff, W. W.


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to Mr. [William F. M.] Arny (No. 2)
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: August 11, 1856
This letter was written from Niagara Falls by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, to his agent William F. M. Arny. The committee needed to release advertisements publicizing their upcoming meeting at Saratoga, New York, which was set for August 27, 1856. Hyatt emphasized the need for immediate action, stating that there "is no time to spare."

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Saratoga, New York; Smith, Gerritt


Circular, Kansas -- Help! Help!
Authors: Hurd, H. B.; Lawrence Citizens
Date: August 13, 1856
This circular was composed of two parts. The first section was a letter written from Lawrence to the National Kansas Committee, asked for help because of the conflict in Kansas, stating that "instant action alone can save our people from destruction." The letter briefly mentioned the recent attack on Lawrence and the proslavery forces which were gathering and organizing. Although there was a lull in the fighting, the citizens of Lawrence were looking for assistance and relief. The second part was a response written by H. B. Hurd, secretary of the National Kansas Committee, encouraging emigration to Kansas but raising the possibility that free state settlers in the territory must at times defend their rights. He wrote that "Kansas is now in a state of open war."

Keywords: Circulars; Free state cause; Free state perspective; Hurd, H. B.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missourians; National Kansas Committee; Proslavery activities; Relief; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856


Receipts, Francis Tomes and Sons to Mr. T. Hyatt
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: August 22, 1856 - August 23, 1856
These two receipts, from Francis Tomes and Sons, New York, detail supplies acquired to benefit the free state cause. They include the prices of Bowie knives, Colt pistols, and other pieces pertaining to the use of firearms.

Keywords: Firearms; Guns; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Receipts; Relief; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, J. M. Winchell to My Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Winchell, James M., 1823-1877
Date: September 20, 1856
James M. Winchell wrote from Burlington to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, regarding an emigrant train of 500 settlers heading south from Iowa City. The author intended to travel to speak with Governor Geary before he met up with the emigrants. Winchell also included in this letter a private insert pertaining to his suspicions about the motivations of a newcomer named Dr. Root.

Keywords: Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Nebraska Territory; Relief; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Report, Vermont Colony in Kansas
Authors: Newton, B. B.
Date: September 24, 1856
This report written by B. B. Newton to the Vermont State Kansas Committee. He described the efforts made by the party to settle in Kansas.

Keywords: Antislavery; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Free state; Iowa; Kansas Frontier; Massachusetts; Nebraska City, Nebraska Territory; Newton, B. B.; Relief; Vermont


Letter, Thomas M. Webb to Friend [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: September 24, 1856
In this letter, written in Boston, Massachusetts by Thomas Webb, the author stated his concerns about the outcome of the situation in Kansas. He did applaud the efforts of free state settlers to ensure the existence of liberty; however, he felt that not enough New Englanders were serious about keeping slavery out of Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Emigrant aid companies; Free state cause; Free state settlers; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; New York; Relief; Sectionalism (United States)


Letter, Clarina Nichols to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885
Date: October 4, 1856
This letter, written from Elmira, New York, provides a neat outline of Clarina Nichols' goals and motivations. It deals with her speaking engagements on the situation in Kansas, her goals for the future, her family, and her belief that Susan B. Anthony would be a great help to the free state cause.

Keywords: Anthony, Susan B.; Free state cause; Free state militia; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lectures; National Kansas Committee; New York; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Pennsylvania; Relief; Temperance movement; Women


Circular, An Appeal for Kansas
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: October 10, 1856
This letter was written by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, to the New York Tribune editor, who printed it in the paper. It was subtitled, "with practical suggestions for its relief." This committee, also known as the Kansas Relief Committee in its early years, sought to send free state settlers into Kansas Territory and to obtain support for Kansas from the Northeast.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Chicago, Illinois; Circulars; Clothing and dress; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Food; Free state perspective; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Relief Committee; National Kansas Committee; New York Tribune; Relief


Letter, R. J. Hinton to Gentlemen [National Kansas Committee]
Authors: Hinton, R. J.
Date: October 10, 1856
R. J. Hinton wrote this letter from Lawrence to the members of the National Kansas Committee, offering his suggestions about how to sustain the struggling settlers of Kansas. He proposed the idea of bringing the manufacturing industry into the territory as a source of employment. He also mentioned that a flour mill would be greatly appreciated by Kansans.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Economic conditions; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Flour mills; Free state cause; Free state settlers; Guns; Hinton, Richard Josiah; House furnishings; Manufacturing; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Settlement; Sewing machines; Steam power; Weapons (see also Guns)


Report of a trip to Kansas by W. F. M. Arny
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: October 20, 1856
William F. M. Arny was the general agent of the National Kansas Committee. He submitted this report describing the "wants and sufferings" of settlers in Kansas Territory. It included references to border ruffians, land sales, and the suffering in various districts of Kansas. He requested that aid be sent to the Kansas Central Committee.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blood, James; Border ruffians; Chicago, Illinois; Clothing and dress; Council Grove, Kansas Territory; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Food; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Illness; Kansas Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Martin, Samuel E. (Dr.); National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Letter, ladies of Orange, N.J. to Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Ladies of Orange, New Jersey
Date: October 20, 1856
This letter, written by the ladies of Orange, N.J., informed Thaddeus Hyatt of their donations for the free state inhabitants of Kansas, including foodstuffs, a variety of clothing and sewing material. This is an excellent example of how women in New England supported the free state cause.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Emigrant aid companies; Free state cause; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Orange, New Jersey; Relief; Vegetables; Women


Minutes of Executive Committee, Kansas State Central Committee
Authors: Kansas State Central Committee
Date: October 22, 1856
Dated Lawrence, October 22, 1856, these are apparently the minutes of the first meeting the Kansas State Central Committee's executive committee, chaired by James M. Winchell with George S. Hillyer as secretary. Eight resolutions are recorded, authorizing the committee to provide assistance, etc.

Keywords: Free state cause; Hillyer, George S.; Horses; Kansas Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Minutes; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Letter, M. C. Dickey to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Dickey, Milton C.
Date: October 23, 1856
This letter to Thaddeus Hyatt of the National Kansas Committee, written by Milton Dickey from Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, informed Hyatt of Dickey's journey west. The author described the hardships endured by Kansas settlers, as well as the enthralling tale of a free state man who escaped from the prison at Lecompton.

Keywords: Cannons; Dickey, Milton C.; Donalson, Israel B.; Emigration and immigration; Firearms; Free state perspective; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Mt. Pleasant, Iowa; Prisoners; Prisons; Relief; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Sharps rifles; Slavery; United States. Army


Letter, W. F. M. Arny to Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: October 23, 1856
W. F. M. Arny, an agent of the National Kansas Committee, wrote this letter to Thaddeus Hyatt while traveling on the Missouri River. The main focus of this letter revolved around committee business and the state of affairs in Kansas. During this visit to Kansas, Arny had reorganized the Kansas Central Committee in order to increase its efficiency, and he included in this letter a revised list of its officers and members. He also wrote about his conversation with Governor Geary concerning the various volunteer companies created by free state men. The letter ends with a brief description of the suffering of the settlers, their meager diet, and their desperate need for more provisions.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Border ruffians; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Chicago, Illinois; Clothing and dress; Economic conditions; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Election, Presidential, 1856; Firearms; Food; Free state militia; Free state perspective; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Guns; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Illness; Kansas Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Money; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Relief funds; Sickness (see Illness); Topeka, Kansas; Violence; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, W.F.M. Arny to Wm. Barnes
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: October 25, 1856
Arny, general agent of the National Kansas Committee, wrote from a steamboat traveling on the Missouri River to inform William Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee, about conditions in Kansas. Arny reported on the state of the Kansas State Central Committee, the efforts by free state supporters in Kansas to prepare for possible proslavery attacks if Buchanan won the 1856 presidential election, and the relief needs of free state settlers in Kansas.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Border ruffians; Food; Free state support; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Kansas State Central Committee; National Kansas Committee; New York State Kansas Committee; Relief


Letter, George W. Bell to [William] Hutchinson and [James] Blood
Authors: Bell, George W.
Date: October 26, 1856
From Hickory Point in Jefferson County, George Bell, an agent for the Kansas Central Committee, wrote William Hutchinson and James Blood at Lawrence regarding the condition of the "Burr family" and their specific relief needs. They were described as "destitute" of food and clothing.

Keywords: Blood, James; Clothing and dress; Free state settlers; Hickory Point, Kansas Territory; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Kansas Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Relief


Letter, T. W. Higginson to Dear Sir [William Hutchinson]
Authors: Higginson, Thomas Wentworth
Date: October 27, 1856
This letter and accompanying list of forthcoming relief supplies (shirts, dresses, over coats, etc.) were directed to William Hutchinson, "Treasurer Kanzas Committee," by Thomas Wentworth Higginson of Brattleboro, Vermont. Three boxes of clothing had been sent and Higginson reminded Hutchinson that it was "very important that in this case & in all cases, prompt acknowledgement should be made of the receipt of everything contributed to Kanzas." People needed to know that their contributions were getting through and that they were appreciated.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Free state settlers; Free state supporters; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief


Letter, W. F. M. Arny to W. Hutchinson
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: October 28, 1856
From Chicago, William F. M. Arny, general agent for the National Kansas Committee, wrote to inform Hutchinson of a shipment of relief goods that would arrive soon at Leavenworth. Arny had also given James Blood several thousand dollars "to purchase goods in St. Louis," and Arny was on his way East to raise more.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blood, James; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Herald of Freedom; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Relief; St. Louis, Missouri; Wattles, Augustus


Letter, H. J. Williams to Florella Adair
Authors: Williams, H. (Mrs. John) J.
Date: October 29, 1856
Mrs. Williams was a member of one of Rev. Adair's churches in Lafayette, Ohio She wrote about her concern for the Adair family during all of the troubles in Kansas. She and her husband also sent some cheese and cloth to the Adairs. The letter had references to various family members. The letter showed the support women settlers received from friends in the East.

Keywords: Free state supporters; Friendship; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Williams, H. J. (Mrs. John); Women


Letter, John B. Dunning to Mr. [Thomas W.] Higginson
Authors: Dunning, John
Date: October 30, 1856
This letter was written by John Dunning, a member of the Massachusetts Company, to Thomas W. Higginson, a prominent Northern abolitionist and agent for the Massachusetts Kansas Aid Committee. Dunning informed Higginson that it was no longer safe for them to remain in Kansas, so they had temporarily relocated to Nebraska City, Nebraska. Furthermore, he adamantly asserted that "we want no further aid from Massachusetts through the hands of Martin Stowell." He asked that, in the future, all aid come through some other source, such as A. A. Jamerson.

Keywords: Dunning, John; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Massachusetts; Nebraska City, Nebraska Territory; Relief; Stowell, Martin


Receipt Book, October - November 1856
Authors: Kansas State Central Committee
Date: October 30, 1856
This Kansas State Central Committee receipt book was one of several in which the committee recorded the various monies, provisions, clothing, etc., that were distributed throughout the territory. Many of the items of clothing were specifically listed for children (e.g., "1 girls calico dress" and "1 pair boys woolen pants"), and many items were received by individuals for distribution among the needy of their particular area.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Blood, James; Children; Clothing and dress; Free state settlers; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Kansas State Central Committee; Merchandise; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Receipts; Relief; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Advertisement, Contributions for Kansas--Clothing and Provisions
Authors: National Kansas Committee
Date: c. October 1856
This advertisement was attached to a receipt for the placement of a notice in the New York Times. The advertisement included information about how the people of New England could aid the fight for freedom in Kansas--both with funds and with labor. It also gave the names of National Kansas Committee members and an address for their New York office.

Keywords: Advertisements; Boston, Massachusetts; Clothing and dress; Dana, Charles A.; Emigrant aid companies; Free state activities; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Ketchum, Edgar; Lockwood, Roe; McNamee, Theodore; National Kansas Committee; New York; Relief; Relief funds


Letter, S. Chamberlin to Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Chamberlin, S.
Date: November 3, 1856
This letter, written by S. Chamberlin, President of the LeRoy Kansas Aid Society, was addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, chairman of the National Kansas Committee. This aid society in LeRoy, New York, was formed after a lecture presented by H.D. Northrup, an agent of the National Kansas Committee. The author immensely praised the speaking abilities of Northrup, likening him to the great orator Henry Clay. Chamberlin was firmly convinced that, if Northrup canvassed the North, he would be able to stir the hearts of Northerners in support of free state cause. This society also collected clothing and money to send to the free state settlers in Kansas.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Clothing and dress; Free state cause; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lectures; National Kansas Committee; Northrup, H.D.; Relief; Relief funds


Letter and Bill, S. [Samuel] L. Adair to William Hutchinson
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: November 7, 1856
The first page of this four-page document lists five items for which Samuel L. Adair requested payment ($21.25) from the KSCC; these include provisions, medicine, the "balance yet unpaid of money advanced to pay lawyers fees for prisoners at Tecumsee in June last," and the "bill paid for lumber and nails for coffin of Frederick Brown & David Garrison," two of the men killed during the battle of Osawatomie, August 30, 1856. The accompanying letter justified the request.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Frederick; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state cause; Free state settlers; Garrison, David R.; Medicine; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory


Letter, O. [Owen] C. Brown to My Dear Sir
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: November 12, 1856
Brown wrote Samuel Adair in Osawatomie, Kansas Territory from Utica, New York. He reported that he had spoken to ten different groups about needs in Kansas. He reported that Mr. Arny of the National Kansas Committee planned to visit Osawatomie and promised that the people there would get their fair share of aid. He asked Adair a number of questions about the situation there including questions about pro-slavery settlers. He discussed elections and the Know Nothing party.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Elections; Free state support; Know Nothing Party; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National Kansas Committee; National politics; New York; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Utica, New York


Receipt, Lawrence, KT
Authors: Ketcham, Justus G.
Date: November 12, 1856
Itemized listing of clothing, food, and other provisions issued by the Kansas Central Committee to Dr. Samuel E. Martin for distribution "in Topeka and vicinity among the destitute."

Keywords: Kansas Central Committee; Ketcham, Justus G.; Martin, Samuel E. (Dr.); Receipts; Relief; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory


List of relief materials received from the Central Committee for distirbution in and around Osawatomie
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: November 13, 1856
The list provided the number and kind of items received to be distributed to families in need of relief. It included clothing, bedding, and food. The list was signed by Andrew Updegraff for S. L. Adair.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Updegraff, Andrew


Letter, Samuel C. Smith to Dear Friend [Rev. T. W. Higginson]
Authors: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: November 26, 1856
This letter, written from Lawrence, Kansas Territory by Samuel Smith, was addressed to Rev. T. W. Higginson of Worcester, Massachusetts. The letter began with several small matters regarding aid for Kansas, and then turned quickly to the most recent events in the struggle between proslavery and free state forces. Apparently, thirty two of the free state prisoners held by U. S. troops at Tecumseh had managed to escape, and Smith rather sarcastically commented that the troops had done a favor to "Uncle Sam" by relieving the government of the cost of supporting all those prisoners. The author also spoke of [Thaddeus] Hyatt's presence in the territory, and of George Washington Brown, editor of the Herald of Freedom. He also informed Higginson that Col. Eldridge and Thomas Eldridge have had complaints filed against them, stating that "nature never designed them for distributions of charity." The letter concludes with information regarding land sales in Leavenworth, and the founding of a new city, Quindaro. In general, Smith's writing style is quite humorous, as well as informative.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Donalson, Israel B.; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Eldridge, Thomas B.; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Central Committee; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Prisoners; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Relief; Smith, Samuel C.; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Titus, Henry Theodore; Town development; United States. Army; Worcester, Massachusetts


Receipt, N. M'Cracken to William Hutchinson
Authors: Morgan, J. F.
Date: November 27, 1856
Unlike most of the other receipts for money or merchandise saved by James Blood for the Kansas State Central Committee, this one was on a pre-printed form and issued by "N'Mcracken" of Leavenworth for merchandise to be delivered to William Hutchinson at Lawrence. It was actually signed by J. F. Morgan, who apparently delivered the goods from Leavenworth to Lawrence and "received pay of J. Blood" on January 26, 1857.

Keywords: Blood, James; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Kansas State Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Merchandise; Receipts; Relief; Transportation


Letter, B. Darrach to Rev. S. L. Adair
Authors: Darrach, Barstow
Date: November 27, 1856
Dr. Darrach had returned to New York Hospital after being in Kansas. He wrote that he felt the prospects for Kansas are not very favorable. He was concerned that some do not want a "revolution" to result or that Buchanan will not support "freedom," He felt it would take a large emigration of settlers to Kansas to make it a free state. He was sending clothing, cloth and blankets.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Darrach, Barstow; Free state perspective; New York; Relief


Letter, Elias D. Porter to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Porter, Elias D.
Date: November 27, 1856
Elias Porter, writing from Oriskany, New York, informed Thaddeus Hyatt, chairman of the National Kansas Committee, about a box of provisions sent to W. F. M. Arny, an agent with this committee. The letter includes an itemized list of the materials send to aid the free state settlers residing in Kansas.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Clothing and dress; House furnishings; Hyatt, Thaddeus; New York; Porter, Elias D.; Relief


Clothing for Kanzas, Massachusetts State Kanzas Committee
Authors: Massachusetts State Kansas Committee
Date: November 28, 1856 - December 3, 1856
This printed document included three reports of the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee, written by Samuel Cabot concerning the distribution of clothes and packages sent to Kansas. The first report deals with how they were sent and how they kept records of the packages. The report ends with table listing New England communities that sent packages to Kansas. The second report also deals with shipping of packages; it is followed by a brief expense report.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabot, Samuel; Clothing and dress; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Financial statements; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Relief


Kansas Affairs
Authors: Daniels, Edward
Date: December 1, 1856
Edward Daniels wrote this printed letter "to the Friends of Free Kansas" from the office of the National Kansas Committee in Chicago, Illinois on December 1, 1856. He had just returned from Kansas Territory and presented 9 "facts and suggestions" about conditions in the territory and how people in the East could provide support to free state settlers. He included suggestions on how ministers and communities could raise funds and/or provisions for those in Kansas. He believed that a large emigration of free state supporters was needed in the spring of 1857 and provided suggestions on how to get there and what to take. He also indicated that seed was necessary to having a good harvest the next year.

Keywords: Agriculture; Daniels, Edward; Emigration and immigration; Free state cause; Free state settlers; Illinois; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Seeds


Letter, James Garrison to S. L. Adair
Authors: Garrison, James
Date: December 15, 1856
James Garrison wrote from Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio to his cousin Samuel Adair. The letter concerned relief efforts on behalf of the free state settlers and concerns about fraud on the part of agents collecting money and goods. Garrison wrote that the Cincinnati Gazette had published a long list of names of Kansas citizens who had been refused clothing by the relief society. He felt an explanation to the public was needed if the relief efforts were to be continued. The letterhead included an engraving of Antioch College. The sheet of paper also contained a letter from Gamaliel Garrison.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Antioch College; Cincinnati Gazette; Garrison, Gamaliel; Garrison, James; Ohio; Relief; Relief fraud; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, S. L. Adair to Miss Mary P. Green
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: December 17, 1856
In this letter, Samuel Adair thanked Miss Green for $35 sent by the ladies of La Salle County, Illinois. He indicated that he would try to distribute the money to "no unworthy person," but that it would help relieve the suffering in the territory. He indicated that things were comparatively quiet. He referred to a lack of cash if settlers were required to pay for their land soon, as he felt most would need to take out mortgages. He reported that those suffering the most were families who were sick or where the men were in prison. He expressed gratitude for the support received from the East.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Green, Mary P.; Illinois; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Women


Letter, S. L. Adair to W. F. M. Arny
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: December 18, 1856
Arny was a representative of the National Kansas Committee and Adair was inquiring about various boxes and money that had been sent to the committee in Chicago for forwarding to people in Osawatomie. Adair also seemed to be responding to a request for information from Arny about settlers from Wisconsin in the Osawatomie area and also members of the Eldridge-Pomeroy party. Adair provided information on James Fuller, Thomas Roberts, Joseph Lawes and William and Wakeman (?) Partridge. He listed the names of four men who came with Eldridge and Pomeroy but provided no additional information. He also noted that he loaned Mr. Hyatt $50 and had an "order" for Arny to reimburse him.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Free state settlers; Fuller, James; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawes, Joseph; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Partridge, William; Relief; Roberts, Thomas; Wisconsin


Letter, Emily Kimball to Dear Sir [Thomas W. Higginson]
Authors: Kimball, Emily P.
Date: December 18 - December 19, 1856
This letter was written to Thomas W. Higginson by Emily Kimball, a representative of the ladies of Oakham, Massachusetts. The letter included three dollars for freight on a shipment of supplies to Kansas. On the back of the letter was a note from N. Ayres, asking Higginson to inform the ladies of Oakham about why their contribution was not acknowledged in the circular.

Keywords: Freight and freightage; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Massachusetts; Relief


Letter, S. Cabot, Jr. to James Blood, Esq
Authors: Cabot, Samuel
Date: December 28, 1856
Samuel Cabot, who was directing a Boston effort to send clothing to Kansas Territory, advised Blood he was aware of the goods that "had been stopped at St Louis by the closure of navigation." He also comments on the reluctance of some to accept relief; these individuals were to be advised that "This supply is not a mere charity but a contribution of the North to soldiers, who have been bravely battling for the case of freedom & in defense of our common rights, against the Slave Oligarchy." Also included is a printed letter titled "Clothing For Kanzas," listing New England contributions.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Free state cause; Free state supporters; Kansas State Central Committee; Missouri River; Nute, Ephraim; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Slave power; St. Louis, Missouri


Letter, James Garrison to Dear Cousin [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, James
Date: December 29, 1856
Garrison wrote to his cousin Samuel Adair that he had collected $104.75 to be used for relief in Kansas. He was concerned about how to get the money to Adair and suggested that if he had been able to collect on the sale of Rachel Garrison's goods, that he should use that money instead. He also wanted Adair to write a letter of acknowledgement to the Free Presbyterian published in Yellow Springs, Ohio.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Garrison, James; Garrison, Rachel A.; Ohio; Relief; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter from National Kansas Committee
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: 1856
This was a generic solicitation letter seeking money, supplies, and settlers. It mentioned Col. Buford's expedition to Kansas and speculated on Southern motives with regard to Kansas.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; Emigration and immigration; Food; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Hurd, H. B.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas State Central Committee; Money; National Kansas Committee; New York; Relief; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


List of Clothing Articles
Authors: Bourne, S.
Date: c. 1856 or 1857
This is a detailed list of the articles of clothing sent to Kansas by the First Congregational Church in Flushing, New York. It includes dresses, frocks, coats, skirts, pants, drawers, shirts, socks, vests, boots and gloves as well as other items. The pastor of the church, S. Bourne, emphasized the quality and durability of the clothing.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; National Kansas Committee; New York; Relief


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to My Dear Cleaveland
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: January 4, 1857
This rather inspiring letter, written by Thaddeus Hyatt while traveling in Kansas, demonstrates Hyatt's commitment to the National Kansas Committee and his passion for the free state cause. Apparently there was some sort of conflict within the committee that threatened its ability to function, but nevertheless Hyatt was determined to aid the struggling free state settlers in Kansas. He spoke in great detail about some of his travels around the territory, including the inclement weather and his perspective on the pro-slavery and free state settlers that he encountered during his stay.

Keywords: Bickerton, Thomas; Food; Free state cause; Free state settlers; Horses; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Central Committee; Little Osage River, Kansas Territory; Marais des Cygnes River; National Kansas Committee; Proslavery settlers; Relief; Settlement; Weather


Report of the Treasurer, Kansas State Central Committee
Authors: Kansas State Central Committee
Date: January 6, 1857
Dated Topeka, January 6, 1857, this document claimed to be a "report of Money & goods received and Paid out, by Treasurer." Its initial entry was for July 24, 1856, and the last October 29, 1856, and it includes the names of Charles Robinson, W. F. M. Arny, and S. W. Eldridge.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Horses; Kansas Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Bills Received and Paid, Kansas Central Committee to J. Willits
Authors: Kansas State Central Committee
Date: January 7, 1857
The Kansas State Central Committee apparently paid this itemized bill for $12.64 on January 7, 1857, to Jacob Willits of Shawnee County. It included everything from apples to molasses to quinine.

Keywords: Blood, James; Food; Kansas Central Committee; Kansas State Central Committee; Merchandise; Relief; Willits, Jacob


Letter, O. [Owen] C. Brown to My dear Brother [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: January 21, 1857
O. C. Brown wrote from Utica, New York, to Samuel Adair, in Osawatomie, KansasTerritory. He wrote about speaking engagements on behalf of Kansas. He mentioned Gov. Geary and President Pierce.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Free state support; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National politics; New York; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Relief; Utica, New York


Letter, [Mrs] H. J. Williams to Sister [Florella] Adair
Authors: Williams, H. (Mrs. John) J.
Date: January 27, 1857
Mrs. Williams expressed her sympathy for the conditions Mrs. Adair had to endure in Kansas. The letter eloquently described all of the suffering Mrs. Williams felt Mrs. Adair had experienced. The letter indicated that boxes of materials had been sent to Osawatomie but Mrs. Williams feared that they have not arrived. The letter gave news of the Williams family and others in Lafayette, Ohio.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Free state supporters; Friendship; Lafayette, Ohio; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Williams, H. J. (Mrs. John); Women


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to Dear Sir [Amos Lawrence]
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: February 11, 1857
This letter was written from New York by the president of the National Kansas Committee, Thaddeus Hyatt. He was writing to Amos Lawrence about the committee's efforts to relieve the suffering of free state settlers in Kansas Territory. Apparently, a shipment of clothing to Kansas contained a number of articles that were well worn and of little use. Hyatt also spoke of the need for agricultural implements, cattle, and seeds to end the suffering of the settlers.

Keywords: Agricultural implements; Cabot, Samuel; Clothing and dress; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Loans; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Relief funds; Seeds


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. Joseph Gordon (copy)
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: February 19, 1857
Writing from Osawatomie, Adair thanked Rev. Gordon for $104 raised in Yellow Springs, Ohio, that was sent to James Garrison for "the benefit of sufferers in the cause of freedom in the Osawatomie vicinity." He mentioned the difficulties of distributing aid to everyone's satisfaction and mentioned the Kansas Central Committee. He also wrote of his concerns about how slavery and its demise will impact the nation using phrases such as "conflict of arms" and "fearful doom."

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Free state perspective; Garrison, James; Gordon, James; Kansas Central Committee; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, John Doy to Friend [Thomas W.] Higginson
Authors: Doy, John
Date: February 24, 1857
John Doy wrote from Lawrence to Thomas W. Higginson, relating the struggles of his family and other matters of interest in the territory. He had to sell the last of his corn crop and his pig just to make ends meet during the winter. He also briefly mentioned the Central Committee, stating that he did not ask them for relief funds or provisions, because recently they had acted improperly towards some ladies. He also informed Higginson of an altercation at Lecompton, where Missourians shot a storekeeper named Mr. Shepard, and "Sherrard their Bully late of Virginia was shot and died in a day or two." In addition, Doy spoke of the "bogus officers" and their work in the territory.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Casualties; Doy, John; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Kansas Central Committee; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Relief; Violence


Expense Sheet, E. B. Whitman to National Kansas Committee
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: February 28, 1857 - August 14, 1857
This expense sheet, which was in account with E. B. Whitman, an agent of the committee, lists expenses and supplies sent to aid the free state inhabitants of Kansas. The items sent include (among others) wheat, oats, corn, beans, potatoes, garden seeds, bedding, and clothing.

Keywords: Agriculture; Clothing and dress; Crops; Finance; Financial statements; Food; Grain; House furnishings; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Seeds; Vegetables; Wagons


Letter, J. Henry Muzzy to Dear Sir [Eli Thayer]
Authors: Muzzy, J. Henry
Date: March 3, 1857
J. Henry Muzzy wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Eli Thayer in Worcester, Massachusetts. Muzzy informed Thayer that free state supporters in Kansas were not, as Thayer had predicted, discouraged by James Buchanan's election as president in November 1856. He observed that the territory had been quiet during the winter of 1856-1857, but warned that the "ruffians" likely would engage in efforts during the spring of 1857 to discourage eastern emigration to Kansas. Muzzy also commented on the dilemma that free staters faced in deciding whether to pay the taxes levied by the proslavery "bogus legislature." He and his fellow free state supporters were not inclined to pay taxes imposed by a "foreign power," but they also realized that if Governor Geary called in U.S. troops to enforce the law they would have no choice but to pay. Muzzy concluded by stating that he was thankful for the end of the "reign of Frank Pierce," contending that "any change at Washington can hardly be for the worse."

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state perspective; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Muzzy, J. Henry; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Relief; Taxation; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, E. [Ephraim] Nute to Rev. E. E. [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Nute, Ephraim
Date: April 6, 1857
Rev. Ephraim Nute, minister of the Lawrence Unitarian Church, wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Nute included a list of books that he wished to add to his Unitarian church library. Nute commented on the difficulties experienced by those attempting to spread Christianity in Kansas. He also observed that immigration to Kansas was increasing.

Keywords: Books; Churches; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Entertainment; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Libraries; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nute, Ephraim; Reading; Relief; Religion


Letter, E. B. Whitman to S. L. Adair
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: May 15, 1857
Whitman, located in Lawrence, was the general agent for the National Kansas Committee that was distributing relief supplies in Kansas Territory. He wrote that he was sending Adair potatoes and corn to be distributed for planting. Evidently Adair had written him previously about some boxes of supplies he expected and Whitman speculated they were either in Wyandotte or St. Louis on the Steamer Light Foot on the Kansas River.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Agriculture; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lightfoot (steamboat); National Kansas Committee; Relief; Steamboats; Whitman, E. B.


Receipt, Received of J. Blood for Boarding . . . Mary Jones
Authors: Jones, Mary
Date: June 15, 1857
The Kansas State Central Committee/Blood receipt was to Mary Jones of Lawrence for "boarding and taking care of Mr. Leggs [Charles Legge?] destitute children." The total paid was $19.85.

Keywords: Blood, James; Children; Free state support; Kansas State Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Receipts; Relief


Letter, E. B. Whitman to Dear Sir [Samuel Adair, presumably]
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: October 5, 1857
Whitman wrote from Lawrence, presumably, to Samuel Adair to ask for his assistance in distributing remaining clothing before winter. He included instructions for notifying the public of the availability of relief goods and indicated that the first priority for receiving materials is for who Adair "knows to be in absolute want." Whitman felt the task of distribution should not take more than one week. He also wanted Adair to estimate the number of poor families in his community.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, George L. Stearns to E. B. Whitman
Authors: Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867
Date: November 14, 1857
In response to several letters from Whitman about money, George Stearns wrote from Boston to clarify a few issues. He gave an account of available funds and provided instruction on the distribution and/or sale of clothing for the Kansas emigrants. Stearns also commented on his support for Brown which included "authority to draw on me for money" if necessary "to establish order by force." He felt circumstances were apparently changing for the better--"I should not be willing to have any of my funds used for that purpose."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state support; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Relief; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Whitman, E. B.


Aid for Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857
This article declares that the New England Kansas Aid Committee has received generous contributions for the free state settlers in Kansas. It also mentions that since the immediate needs of the settlers have been cared for, the most urgent need now is for investments in land and labor.

Keywords: Free state supporters; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Relief; Relief funds


Contributors List, National Kansas Committee
Authors: Brown, John , 1800-1859
Date: September 29, 1858
This list of "notes received for seeds" distributed by R. H. Waterman "under the direction of E. B. Whitman" is signed "John Brown Agt Nat. Kan. Com.," September 29, 1858. The notes were, according to Brown, given to him "in past payment or security on account."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state cause; Free state support; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, John E. Stewart to My Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Stewart, John E.
Date: December 20, 1859
John E. Stewart wrote from Wakarusa, Kansas to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, describing his work on the underground railroad. This letter detailed the inclement weather and difficulties he encountered as he helped slaves to escape from Missouri, as well as his procedure for locating the slaves and hiding them in his wagon. Stewart sought to gain assistance from Hyatt, mainly in the form of provisions and horses. He also needed advice about what to do with the escaped slaves to ensure that they were not captured and sold again into slavery.

Keywords: Abolitionists; African Americans; Fugitive slaves; Guns; Horses; Iowa; Missouri; Nebraska Territory; Relief; Slaves; Stewart, John E.; Underground railroad; Weapons (see also Guns)


Reports from Eureka Township, Greenwood County, etc.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1860
This document contained additional reports of conditions in various counties during the drought of 1860. It consisted of letters that W. F. M. Arny copied and sent to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The reports were submitted by Josiah G. Fuller, James Whary, and Henry Brock, Eureka, Greenwood County; W. A. Harris and A. L Williams, Cottonwood Falls, Chase County; H. H. George, W. Wendell, and R. W. Cloud, Waterloo, Breckenridge County; I. P. Herrick, Iowa Township, Doniphan County; G. S. Northrup, J. H. Spicey, and A. G. Carpenter, Geneva Township, Allen County; and Charles P. Twiss, Cofachique Township, Allen County. The reports described prospects for crops and other conditions resulting from the prolonged drought.

Keywords: Agriculture; Allen County, Kansas Territory; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Brock, Henry; Carpenter, A. G.; Chase County, Kansas Territory; Cloud, R. W.; Cofachique Township, Allen County, Kansas Territory; Cottonwood Falls, Kansas Territory; Crops; Droughts; Eureka, Kansas Territory; Famines; Fuller, Josiah G.; Geneva Township, Allen County, Kansas Territory; George, H. H.; Grain; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Harris, W. A.; Herrick, I. P.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Livestock; Northrup, G. S.; Relief; Spicey, J. H.; Twiss, Charles P.; Wendell, W.; Whary, James; Williams, A. L.


Circular, To the friends of humanity
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blake, F. N.
Date: 1860-1861
This circular, written by F. N. Blake and W. F. M. Arny, was an appeal for aid to Kansas with suggestions for specific items and shipping routes for sending food, clothing and other provisions to the settlers starving after the drought of 1860.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Chicago, Illinois; Circulars; Clothing and dress; Food; Money; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief


Appeal for the Kansas sufferers!
Authors: Foster, Daniel
Date: 1860
This letter was written by Daniel Foster to describe the conditions in Kansas during a nine month drought. Many settlers left Kansas Territory, and those remaining needed relief. This letter called on people to provide aid to those in Kansas. Furthermore, it listed names of a committee that met in Boston to discuss relief efforts in Kansas.

Keywords: Droughts; Food; Foster, Daniel; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Kansas Frontier; Kansas Relief Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poor; Relief; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to the New York Tribune (Copy No. 1)
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: August 24, 1860
This copy was titled "Thaddeus Hyatt's Letters from Kansas, The fact of the Drougth. Introduction of the facts, an appeal and an apology!" Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, was trying to dispel information coming from Leavenworth that reported that conditions in Kansas were being exaggerated. He felt efforts to deny "the present deplorable condition of things" were motivated by economic concerns. Hyatt wrote that they suffered because of the drought, not their own actions, and that the free North should aid them. The letter was well written and contained a great deal of emotional rhetoric. The letter was copied (by hand) by W. F. M. Arny. The last page of the letter elaborated on its origins.

Keywords: Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Herald; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; National politics; New York Tribune; Newspapers; Relief; Relief funds


Letter, W. H. Powell to "Dear Sir" [James Blood]
Authors: Powell, W. H.
Date: August 26, 1860
From Bloomington, Illinois, W. H. Powell, the Illinois State Superintendent of Public Instruction, wrote that he had noticed Blood's call for seed wheat for the "unfortunate settlers of Kansas," and he wondered if they would be interested in trading "for Stock--either Cattle or Stock Hogs." Powell offered to arrange shipment of 2000 bushels of "good seed wheat" immediately if a deal were struck. He wrote that farmers in his area were growing "Red Amber wheat, and that if Blood needed a character reference, he could contact "Mr. Lincoln at Springfield, where I reside, & who can vouch for my good faith &C."

Keywords: Blood, James; Crops; Droughts; Farmers; Free state settlers; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Springfield, Illinois


Letter, W. H. Powell to "Dear Sir" [James Blood]
Authors: Powell, W. H.
Date: September 12, 1860
A Rev. Charles Reynolds, who wrote to Blood on the 7th and the 10th of September, had raised some $600-$700 in relief money and contacted Powell to ask him to purchase and ship some "winter wheat" to Kansas Territory. Writing from his home in Springfield, Powell indicated that he would do so "with pleasure" but the "best winter wheat" had just been sold. He intended to locate a good supply and ship it by railroad as soon as possible.

Keywords: Agriculture; Blood, James; Chicago, Illinois; Crops; National Kansas Committee; Railroads; Relief; Reynolds, Charles; Springfield, Illinois; Transportation


Letter, James W. Randall to Mr. Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Randall, James W.
Date: September 12, 1860
In this letter, James Randall of Emporia, Kansas informed Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, of the drought's effect on the neighboring population. Many families were destitute after the failure of the corn crop and were considering leaving their homes altogether. Mr. Randall hoped that Mr. Hyatt could send aid for the starving settlers.

Keywords: Americus Township, Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Business; Chase County, Kansas Territory; Clothing and dress; Crops; Droughts; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Land claims; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Randall, James W.; Relief


Letter, J.M. Rankin to Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Rankin, J. M.
Date: September 14, 1860
J.M. Rankin wrote this letter from Emporia, Kansas Territory to Thaddeus Hyatt, chairman of the National Kansas Committee. It discussed how the drought of 1860 was affecting Emporia and expressed thanks for the support of the National Kansas Committee.

Keywords: Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Droughts; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Grain; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Rankin, J.M.; Relief; Timber


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to the New York Tribune (Draft No. 3)
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: September 14, 1860
Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, wrote this letter to the New York Tribune in order to make New Englanders aware of the destitution and suffering of settlers in Kansas Territory. Hyatt gave accounts of conditions in Americus and Emporia townships in Breckenridge County, and also in Jackson and Lawrence. The letter reported the condition of crops, cattle disease, etc. It contained similar information to other statements from Kansas settlers during the drought of 1860.

Keywords: Agriculture; Americus Township, Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Crops; Droughts; Economic conditions; Emporia Township, Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory; Famines; Grain; Livestock; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Poverty; Relief


Letter, A. Venard, MD to Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Venard, A.
Date: October 3, 1860
This letter is from A. Venard, a medical doctor from Pleasant Grove, Kansas Territory who wrote to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The letter dealt with the sickness and disease that plagued the settlers along the Verdigris River in southeast Kansas. Dr. Venard had worked diligently to aid the settlers, even using funds from his own pocket to purchase medicine, but he requested that the committee give him 100 dollars worth of drugs. Attached to this letter is an itemized listing of the drugs that he would like to be purchased with those funds.

Keywords: Diseases; Health; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Medicine; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Sickness (see Illness); Vegetables; Venard, A.


Article, "The Drouth and Famine in Kansas"
Authors: New York Daily Tribune
Date: October 10, 1860
This newspaper article, published in the New York Daily Tribune from October 10, 1860, outlined the basic details of the suffering and destitution of settlers in Kansas. It also included reprints of two circulars originating from Kansas Territory. One was from the Presbytery of Highland, and the other was from the Central Relief Committee based in Leavenworth. The first reprinted circular provided information about the dire situation and gave the names of the members of this committee. The second circular requested that the elders and deacons of each church in Kansas ascertain how many families needed immediate assistance in order to present a full report to the Central Relief Committee.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Central Relief Committee; Churches; Clothing and dress; Crops; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Food; Grain; Highland, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Presbyterian Church; Reaser, Rev. J. G.; Relief; Relief funds; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: October 10, 1860
In this letter, S. C. Pomeroy wrote from Atchison, Kansas to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The letter revolved around the suffering of the settlers and their desperate search for provisions and employment. Pomeroy also mentioned the prospect of obtaining a large amount of buffalo meat, as well as the failed corn crop and the generally destitute condition of the settlers. He truly feared for the lives of the settlers during the upcoming winter.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Bison; Crops; Economic conditions; Elmore, Rush; Famines; Food; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Grain; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Topeka, Kansas; Vegetables


Letter, [W. F. M.] Arny to Brother [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: October 15, 1860
W.F.M. Arny, agent of the National Kansas Committee, continued to send Thaddeus Hyatt, president of this committee, copies of letters he had received from Kansas settlers. These letters described the economic conditions resulting from the continued drought during 1860. The reports were submitted by Rev. J. W. Fox, Ridgeway, Kansas Territory; the "Committee on the Little Osage," Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Dr. I. W. Robinson, Manhattan, Kansas Territory; and Joseph M. Todd and others, Greenwood Township, Greenwood County, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Agriculture; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Crops; Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Fox, J. W.; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Greenwood Township, Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Livestock; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Medicine; Relief; Ridgeway, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Robinson, I.; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Todd, Joseph M.


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to James Buchanan
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: October 16, 1860
Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, wrote this letter to the President of the United States in an effort to obtain assistance for the suffering inhabitants of Kansas. He described in detail the needs of the settlers, including their lack of adequate winter clothing and the scarcity of food. According to his personal observations, Hyatt concluded that the only options left to Kansas settlers were exodus or starvation. He also asked that all government lands be removed from the market, especially those in the New York Indian Reserve.

Keywords: Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Diseases; Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Food; Health; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Indian reserves; Relief; Sickness (see Illness)


Letter, C. W. Holder to J. Blood Esq.
Authors: Holder, C. W.
Date: October 27, 1860
As were several other individuals from Illinois, Holder wrote to notify Blood that the people in his community (around Bloomington, Illinois) were eager to share their "abundance" with "their brethren in Kansas." They were preparing to send potatoes, as well as wheat and oats, but needed help purchasing sacks and paying freight; "our people as you are probably aware are just recovering from the financial pressure of the past 3 years" and thus had "little money."

Keywords: Agriculture; Blood, James; Crops; Droughts; Illinois; Panic of 1857; Relief; Transportation


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: November 2, 1860
This letter was written to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, by S. C. Pomeroy regarding their relief efforts during the drought of 1860. Pomeroy mentioned in this letter a convention that was called to meet in Lawrence on November 14, 1860. He pasted the advertisement for this convention to the first page of the letter, it had been published in the (Leavenworth?) Daily Times on October 31, 1860.

Keywords: Droughts; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Mr. Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: November 4, 1860
This letter, written from Atchison by Samuel Pomeroy, was addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. Pomeroy informed Hyatt of the desperate need for aid, and he related the tale of a young woman who came to him seeking help for their starving families. He also spoke of a man from Eureka who rode 160 miles to obtain bread for himself and his neighbors. Pomeroy promised Hyatt that he would continue to send reports and updates.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Famines; Grain; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poverty; Relief


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: November 5, 1860
This letter, written by S. C. Pomeroy from Atchison, Kansas Territory, sought to inform Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, of the destitution in Kansas. Pomeroy was keeping Hyatt apprised of the dire situation, and he spoke of relief committees being formed in Leavenworth and Lawrence. Pomeroy also related the tales of specific individuals, such as John Roberts from Chelsea and Mrs. Johnson, a widow with five children.

Keywords: Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poor; Poverty; Relief


Letter, Joseph Denison to Br. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Denison, Joseph
Date: November 9, 1860
Joseph Denison wrote from Cincinatti, Ohio, to Isaac Goodnow, who was also traveling in the East. Denison had been traveling in the Midwest as part of an effort to raise a relief fund for citizens of Kansas Territory, who had suffered as a result of a severe drought. His fellow churchmen and abolitionists were eager to help, as they believed that "the recent Republican victories are due in great part to the settlers and suffers in Kansas" who "must be helped or they will be starved out of the Territory."

Keywords: Denison, Joseph; Economic conditions; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Railroads; Relief; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter, E. B. Whitman to Friend [Franklin B.] Sanborn
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: November 15, 1860
In this typically long letter/report to Franklin Sanborn in Boston, Whitman wrote from Lawrence on November 15, 1860, regarding the difficult situation facing Kansas settlers/farmers as another winter approached--as "the stock of old corn is exhausted and the grass fails, the prospect is dreary enough and without aid from abroad in some form to supply bread stuffs many of our people must suffer severely for want of food."

Keywords: Agriculture; Crops; Droughts; Free state settlers; Free state supporters; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Relief; Relief funds; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, John W. Robinson to Hon. J. M. S. Williams
Authors: Robinson, John W.
Date: November 15, 1860
John W. Robinson wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory to John M. S. Williams. Robinson thanked Williams for his $25 donation to the relief fund for Kansans suffering from the effects of drought.

Keywords: Droughts; Election, Presidential, 1860; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Relief; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Robinson, John W.; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, C. Robinson to Dear Sir [Amos A. Lawrence]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: November 15, 1860
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from a town of Medford, presumably in New England, to Amos A. Lawrence in Boston regarding relief efforts for Kansas. Robinson discussed the formation of a committee at Lawrence, which would "ascertain the objects of charity & minister to their necessities." He also described other relief efforts being carried out at the local level, which Robinson believed to be more effective than using nonresident disbursing agents or traveling solicitors.

Keywords: Cordley, Richard; Deitzler, George W.; Kansas Relief Committee; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Relief; Reynolds, Charles; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Minutes, meetings "on the behalf of sufferers in Kansas"
Authors: Denison, Joseph
Date: December 3, 1860
Joseph Denison recorded minutes of preliminary meetings that organized efforts to raise money and donations on behalf of the citizens of Kansas Territory, who had suffered as a result of severe drought. He also composed an announcement entitled "The Kansas Famine", which predicted that at least 30,000 in the Territory would "inevitably perish during the coming winter" were help not secured.

Keywords: Beecher, Henry Ward; Denison, Joseph; Droughts; Economic conditions; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Minutes; Poverty; Relief


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to My dear good friend [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: December 3, 1860
This letter was written by S. C. Pomeroy of the Kansas Relief Committee, one of several aid committees that had been formed to ease the suffering of settlers in Kansas. This particular committee specifically sought to send relief funds and provisions into Kansas during the drought of 1860. The letter is addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, keeping him informed about the efforts to distribute food and clothing. Pomeroy appreciated the help he had received from Hyatt, but he was disappointed in Dr. Webb. The last page of the letter has been crossed out and edited.

Keywords: Droughts; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Jennison, Charles Ransford, 1834-1884; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My dear S [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 7, 1860
From Washington, D.C., December 7, 1860, Charles Robinson wrote his wife regarding the likelihood of secession and the government's response should this happen. He expected Kansas to be admitted to the Union, perhaps as soon as some of the Southern states withdrew their members from the Senate, and also believe the chances were good that Congress would authorize payment of Kansas' claims against the government for damages--such payments would provide some help for those presently in need of relief assistance.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Railroad land grants; Relief; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Secession; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; United States. Congress


Circular, Kansas Relief
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blake, F. N.
Date: c. December 11, 1860
This circular, composed by the Kansas Territorial Relief Committee (also known as the Kansas Relief Committee) gives specific instructions for the proper way to donate provisions. It also provides information about where to send these provisions and encourages citizens of the United States to have compassion on Kansas citizens who are suffering during the drought of 1860. Agents and members of committees are also requested to furnish reports of their work.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blake, Freeman N.; Chicago, Illinois; Circulars; Droughts; Famines; Relief


Circular, An appeal from Kansas!
Authors: Byrd, J. H.; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Reynolds, Charles ; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877
Date: December 14, 1860
This circular detailed the beginnings of the Territorial Executive Committee, which was in charge of collecting relief to aid the struggling settlers of Kansas during the drought of 1860. This committee met in Lawrence, Kansas Territory on November 14, 1860 and passed several resolutions. From 24 Kansas counties 101 delegates were present, and out of this number four men were elected officers, including Samuel Pomeroy. The circular concluded with "Suggestions and Directions to those who purpose Aiding us in our Distress."

Keywords: Bodwell, Lewis; Byrd, J. H.; Circulars; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Fairchild, George H.; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lines, C. B.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Reynolds, Charles; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Letter, Wm [William Goodnow] to Dear Brother [Isaac Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, William E.
Date: December 22, 1860
William Goodnow wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to his brother Isaac Goodnow, updating him on personal and business matters. He reported that the plastering and joint work in the College building was mostly done, and that he had ceased to work on the construction of their own new house until the spring. Responding to the secession of South Carolina, William exclaimed that the Union had been "smashed into a cocked hat!" He added that the Denison family was well but for colds, and confirmed that those settlers who had suffered on account of the drought and poor economic conditions were receiving aid.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Construction; Denison, Joseph; Economic conditions; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Goodnow, William E.; Health; Relief; School buildings; Secession; South Carolina


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Honl. Amos A. Lawrence
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: December 22, 1860
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Samuel N. Simpson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts regarding the poverty in which Gaius Jenkins' family found themselves. James Lane had killed Jenkins in 1858 over a land claim, and it appeared that he was now taking measures to "keep her [Mrs. Jenkins] poor as long as possible." Simpson reminded Lawrence of his request to pay Jenkins fifty dollars as compensation for his imprisonment by federal troops at Camp Sackett, near Lecompton, in 1856. Jenkins had declined the payment at the time, but Simpson now solicited it on behalf of his widow and family.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Brown, John, Jr.; Camp Sackett, Kansas Territory; Deitzler, George W.; Economic conditions; Jenkins, Gaius; Land claim disputes; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Relief; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Smith, George W.


Starving Kansas
Authors: Stockmyer, G.
Date: December, 1860
This broadside was prepared by G. Stockmyer, agent for Kansas Relief. It included descriptions of the conditions in most parts of Kansas Territory from individuals such as Thaddeus Hyatt, Allen Hodgson, and W. F. M. Arny and excerpts from various newspapers. Relief efforts were being coordinated by Samuel C. Pomeroy from Atchison, Kansas Territory. Freight and railroad companies provided free shipping for relief goods sent to K. T.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Ballard, J. F.; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Chase County, Kansas Territory; Droughts; Grimes, W. H.; Hodgson, Allen; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Relief Committee; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Reynolds, Charles; Stockmyer, G; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory; Winchell, J. M.


Circular, Aid to Kansas
Authors: Ladies' Kansas Aid Society of Richmond
Date: c. 1860
This circular, issued by the Ladies' Kansas Aid Society of Richmond, announces the placement of a contribution box in town, with proceeds supporting the "suffering friends of Freedom in Kansas" in their fight against the "outrages of the Border Ruffians." The Aid Society is most likely based in a New England town named Richmond, though the exact location is unknown.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Circulars; Eddy, Jennie; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Free state support; Free state supporters; Howells, Mary A.; Ladies' Kansas Aid Society of Richmond; National politics; Relief; Vanderburg, Lydia A.


Abstract of Report Showing the Operations of the Kansas Territorial Relief Committee to January 1, 1861
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: January 1, 1861


Keywords: Droughts; Kansas Relief Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Relief funds


Letter, Mrs. D. F. Robison to Hon. Horace Greeley
Authors: Robison, Mrs. D. F.
Date: January 7, 1861
This brief letter, written by Mrs. D. F. Robison of Green Castle, Pennsylvania, was addressed to Horace Greeley, informing him of her small but unselfish contribution to Kansas relief. It is an excellent example of how even Northerners who were struggling financially took it upon themselves to aid the impoverished settlers of Kansas.

Keywords: Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; Pennsylvania; Relief; Robison, Mrs. D. F.


Letter, An old lady to Mr. [Horace] Greeley
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: January 9, 1861
This letter, written from Montrose, Pennsylvania, was addressed to Horace Greeley. It included a contribution of two dollars, which the author asked to be passed along to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee.

Keywords: Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Pennsylvania; Relief


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to Hon. B. F. Camp
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: January 14, 1861
This printed letter was written by Thaddeus Hyatt to B. F. Camp of Albany, New York. This eloquent plea for assistance spoke of the drought and famine in Kansas during 1860 and 1861. The letter included personal experiences and excerpts from Kansas settlers describing the conditions in their area. For instance, a local physician wrote that "starvation stares us all in the face." The letter also provided agricultural statistics from Kansas Territory, beginning in 1859, to demonstrate the hard facts about this drought.

Keywords: Agriculture; Clothing and dress; Droughts; Famines; Food; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Illness; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poor; Poverty; Relief


Starvation in Kansas
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: February 4, 1860
This document was an appeal to "The President of the Country, To the Churches, To Congress, To State Legislatures, To Philanthropists, and To the humane everywhere!!" to support those suffering in Kansas. The document was written by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, and it was endorsed by S. C. Pomeroy, chairman of the Kansas Relief Committee and general agent for distribution. This particular Kansas Relief Committee had been formed to combat the effects of the drought of 1860. This short appeal contained eloquent and emotional rhetoric in "behalf of 40,000 starving Americans."

Keywords: Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Relief Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poverty; Relief; Relief funds


Letter, James [Mead] to My dear Father
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: February 14, 1861
James R. Mead wrote this letter from his ranch and trading post near the Saline River to his father in Davenport, Iowa. He vehemently declared that the stories about suffering settlers in Kansas Territory were "bare-faced lies." He wished that those in the East would stop sending relief supplies because "it all goes into the hands of favorites" and Kansas would be better off without it. He also provided his father with advice, telling him to appreciate his home in Iowa and to stay out of the way of any enemies.

Keywords: Famines; Iowa; Mead, James R.; Ottawa County, Kansas Territory; Poverty; Relief


Extract of Letter, by Mrs. Holmes
Authors: Holmes, Mrs.
Date: March 4, 1861
This moving letter, presumably written by Mrs. Holmes, related the daily experiences of her family during 1861. They were struggling to make ends met, and her father did not want to seek help from back East. They had lived in Lawrence for five years, and she briefly mentioned their sickness and suffering during 1856. She applauded the work of Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, and his willingness to obtain provisions and assistance for the impoverished settlers in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Daily life; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Poor; Poverty; Relief


Article, Kansas Relief Committee
Authors: Smith, I. N.
Date: March 16, 1861
This article, published in the Haverhill, Massachusetts Tri-Weekly Publisher, lists the contributions collected by their local Kansas Relief Committee. A number of different churches in the area donated cash, and the committee also sent varied articles of clothing (listed in the article) to General S.C. Pomeroy of Atchison.

Keywords: Churches; Clothing and dress; Haverhill, Massachusetts; Kansas Relief Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Smith, I. N.


Letter, H. B. Hurd to James Blood
Authors: Hurd, H. B.
Date: March 27, 1861
From Chicago, H. B. Hurd wrote to inquire about reports that the Kansas legislature was to appoint a committee to investigate the conduct of the National Kansas Committee's agents and their handling of relief funds and supplies. Several correspondents had expressed similar concerns during the fall of 1860--that is, concern that funds were being misused or that certain agents could not be trusted. Hurd encouraged Blood to support such an investigation.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blood, James; Chicago, Illinois; Droughts; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Legislature; National Kansas Committee; Relief


Invoice of Central Committee goods
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: No date
Itemized inventory of goods maintained by the Kansas Central Committee for distribution to Free State citizens in need of relief. The goods on the inventory consisted primarily of clothing and fabric.

Keywords: Free state; Kansas State Central Committee; Relief


Invoice, Copy of Invoice of Property Received of Col. S. W. Eldridge
Authors: Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Kansas State Central Committee
Date: n.d.
Starting with five, seven to eight inch Colt Revolvers, this documents, most likely created during the late fall or winter 1856-1857, contains over thirty separate listings for various firearms, foodstuffs, harness, etc., plus a good number of horses and mules. Among the different items listed were cartridges, blankets, canvass tents, shovels, bayonets, tin cups, and "25 old Sabors."

Keywords: Ammunition; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Free state cause; Guns; Horses; Kansas Central Committee; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Wagons; Weapons (see also Guns)


Inventory, Catalogue of . . . The Property of the Kansas Central Committee, Lawrence
Authors: Kansas State Central Committee
Date: n.d.
The complete title of this undated inventory is a "Catalogue of Horses, Waggons [sic], Harnesses, &, the property of the Kansas Central Committee, Lawrence. Twenty-eight different horses or "spans" of horses are identified (e.g., "One Sorrell Colt"), along with four mules and forty harnesses and seventeen wagons.

Keywords: Free state cause; Horses; Kansas Central Committee; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Wagons


Photograph, Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Thaddeus Hyatt was an abolitionist and served as head of the National Kansas Committee in 1856. He was also involved in efforts to provide relief to settlers in 1860.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Free state supporters; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Photographs and Illustrations; Relief


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

The current URL is http://www.territorialkansasonline.org/~imlskto/cgi-bin/index.php?SCREEN=keyword&selected_keyword=Relief&so
rt_by=true&submit=Go&allresults=1.
This file was last modified September 12 2013 04:09:26 PM.