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66 results for Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891:
Letter, Samuel C. Pomeroy to Sir [likely Edward Everett Hale]
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: July 27, 1854
Pomeroy, writing from Southhampton, Massachusetts, indicated his desire to go to Kansas to explore business possibilities and to keep slavery from gaining a foothold in the territory. Pomeroy, who likely was writing to Edward Everett Hale, expressed interest in assisting with the work of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Antislavery; Business; Economic development; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Water-power


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Mr. [Amos Adams] Lawrence
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: September 22, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Samuel Pomeroy wrote from a settlement, which would come to be called Lawrence, in Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Lawrence was an investor who sponsored the emigrant group who would settle the town of Lawrence. Pomeroy reported that Charles Robinson had been elected President of the Lawrence Association, the first governing body of the town. He was enthusiastic about the abundance of timber resources in the area, which, once secured from the Indians, would make for a good business enterprise. Emigrants were arriving in droves, filling the hotels and increasing demand for land claims. Though he remained positive, Pomeroy warned "Don't make yourselves believe that the slave holders have given up Kansas!" and anticipated a political battle during the upcoming Territorial Legislature election.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Branscomb, Charles H.; Business enterprises; Elections; Emigration and immigration; Hotels; Illness; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery supporters; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development


Charter, Officers, and Objects of the Company
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: c. 1855
This charter of the New England Emigrant Aid Company lists officers, directors, members of the executive committee and information about the stock of the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Branscomb, Charles H.; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Worcester County Kanzas League promotional brochure
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: February 13, 1855
This circular letter was written by Edward E. Hale on behalf of the Worcester County Kanzas League. It was probably affiliated with the New England Emigrant Aid Company as many of the officers are the same. The document provided detailed information about how emigrants would get to Kansasand tips for settling once they got there. He also provided information on how to support the League through the purchase of stock.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Branscomb, Charles H.; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroads; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.; Worcester County Kansas League; Worcester, Massachusetts


Letter, Thomas Webb to Samuel Pomeroy
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: March 6, 1855
Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote a letter of introduction for Isaac Goodnow to Samuel Pomeroy, seeking protection for Goodnow and his traveling party when they would arrive in Kansas Territory. Webb justified the request to Pomeroy, proclaiming that "Mr. G is with us in heart and hand. . .and will battle manfully for Liberty."

Keywords: Free state supporters; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Quit-Claim Deed and Bond for Samuel Pomeroy
Authors: Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence: Samuel S. Snyder, Joel Grover, et.al.
Date: June 2, 1855
This Quit-Claim deed documented Samuel C. Pomeroy's purchase of property in Lawrence, K.T., including lots on Vermont, Tennessee, Rhode Island, and several other streets, from the Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence, comprised of Samuel S. Snyder, Joel Grover, John P. Wood, William H. R. Lykins, and George W. Hutchinson (S.N. Wood's name is printed on the document but crossed out by hand and Hutchinson's name written in).

Keywords: Grover, Joel; Hutchinson, George W.; Land speculation; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lykins, William H. R.; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Snyder, Samuel S.; Town lots; Wood, John P.; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to J. M. S. Williams
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: September 17, 1855
Samuel Pomeroy, writing from Kansas City, Missouri to J.M.S. Williams, an officer in the New England Emigrant Aid Company, described free state political strategies. Specifically, Pomeroy mentioned free state plans to hold their own election for a delegate to Congress, to call for a constitutional convention, and to push for the admission of Kansas as a free state.

Keywords: Free state activities; Free state cause; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, S. C. [Samuel Clarke] Pomeroy to Sir
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: October 10, 1855
Pomeroy, writing from Kansas City, informed a New England Emigrant Aid Company representative that he had drawn on Mr. L. (probably Amos Lawrence) for $1000 and Mr. Haskins for $300 to pay for construction work on mills and hotels in Kansas Territory. Pomeroy emphasized that he would reduce spending after completion of the mills and hotels.

Keywords: Construction; Economic development; Hotels; Kansas City, Missouri; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Mr Hiram Hill
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: November 20, 1855
S. N. Simpson wrote from Kansas City, Missouri to Hiram Hill in Williamsburgh, Massachusetts, where Edmund Jones had recently returned (see Hill's letter to Jones of October 11, 1855). Simpson described development and rising property values in Lawrence. He detailed his attempts to collect rent from Mrs. Hall, who had cleaned in exchange for a month's rent. In language reminiscent of documents from the American Revolution, the last paragraph declared that Kansas could but would not break ties with the United States, partly because Kansas needed financial assistance. As evidence, Simpson asked Hill for church-building funds.

Keywords: Domestics; Hill, Hiram; Jones, Edmund; Kansas City, Missouri; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Rent; Simpson, H.M; Town development; Town lots; Women


Letter, Wm E. G. [Willliam Goodnow] to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, William E.
Date: December 2, 1855
William Goodnow wrote a personal letter from Shannon, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Harriet, in New England. Goodnow reported that his health had never been better, as he was "full of blood & stout looking" and commented that he wished he could send her his daguerreotype to show her his appearance. He mentioned that the settlement had just witnessed its first marriage and first baby born, and that Samuel Pomeroy of the New England Emigrant Aid Company would soon be among the settlers of the area.

Keywords: Daguerreotypes; Daily life; Goodnow, Harriet; Goodnow, William E.; Health; Marriage; Park, George S.; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shannon, Kansas Territory


Letter, Hiram Hill to Dear Brother
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: December 7, 1855
Hiram Hill, a resident of Williamsburgh, Massachusetts en route to Kansas City and ultimately to Lawrence, Kansas Territory, wrote from Richmond, Missouri to his brother. He relayed the murder of an unnamed free state man (likely Charles W. Dow), the gathering of 1,100 free state and 800 proslavery men at Lawrence, and other Wakarusa War events. Hill, a free state supporter, felt that the information he received from Missourians was inaccurate or exaggerated. He doubted reports that 60 proslavery men had been killed at Lawrence, or of abolitionists driving proslavery settlers from their homes. Hill reported the arrests of free state men including Judge Johnson and General Pomeroy, who he heard had escaped.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Cannons; Dow, Charles W.; Free state perspective; Health; Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missourians; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery perspective; Sharps rifles; Violence; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855


Letter, [Hiram Hill] to Dear Wife
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: December 8, 1855 - December 9, 1855
Hiram Hill wrote from Westport, Missouri to his wife as he received new information concerning the Wakarusa War at Lawrence. Hill was frustrated by these reports, which conflicted and were from the proslavery perspective, and which concerned the number of free state and proslavery soldiers, the status of the war, and government action taken to prevent conflict. Hill was also troubled by shameless "traveling and drinking and swearing" and gunshots on the Sabbath. The last page of the letter expresses his relief at news of peace in Lawrence, where he would learn "the other syde of the story" upon arrival. The murder of Thomas W. Barber, who rode outside Lawrence and was shot by a proslavery supporter on December 6th, was mentioned. Hill also described an eventful stagecoach journey.

Keywords: Barber, Thomas W.; Cannons; Daily life; Free state militia; Health; Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery perspective; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Sharps rifles; Stagecoaches; Violence; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855


Letter, John Brown to Dear Wife [Mary Brown] & Children every one
Authors: Brown, John , 1800-1859
Date: December 16, 1855
Soon after his return from Lawrence, where he and other volunteers had successfully defended that place, John Brown wrote from Osawatomie to give his family "a brief account of the invasion," the so-called Wakarusa War. As it turned out, Brown provided some interesting details about their preparations and arrival in the besieged city and the negotiations that were ongoing when the Browns came on the scene. The Free State leaders, according to Brown, skillfully accomplished and signed an agreement with Governor Shannon that was "much to their own liking."

Keywords: Abolitionists; Barber, Thomas W.; Bogus legislature; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Mary Ann Day, 1816-1884; Coleman, Franklin M.; Dow, Charles W.; Free state cause; Free state militia; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missourians; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery supporters; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Sharps rifles; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855


Letter, S. C. P. [Samuel Clarke Pomeroy] to Dr. [Thomas H.] Webb
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: December 19, 1855
Samuel Pomeroy, writing from Boonville, Missouri, to Dr. Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, described a dinner he attended in Lexington, Missouri with pro-slavery Missourians who had participated in the Wakarusa War. Pomeroy expressed the opinion that the Missourians drank too much alcohol but he reported that he had been allowed to express his anti-slavery views to the group. Pomeroy indicated that the Missourians were particularly upset with Governor Wilson Shannon's intervention in the Wakarusa War.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Missouri; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery perspective; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Violence; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855


Letter, Hiram Hill to Dear Wife
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: November 26, 1855
Hiram Hill, a resident of Williamsburgh, Massachusetts wrote to his wife from St. Louis, Missouri, on his way to Lawrence, Kansas Territory, where he owned property. Hill had traveled by railroad and boat and was now a passenger on the steamboat Senora. Ticket prices were high due to the late season. Also on board were Erastus D. Ladd, who was elected to the Topeka free state legislature on March 30th, and Thaddeus L. Whitney, a friend and business associate. Hill also mentioned Mr. Pom[e]roy and Mr. Eldridge. Interestingly, a second letter dated December 20 and perhaps from Hill's wife to her sister-in-law (the wife of Hiram's brother Otis) was written on a blank page.

Keywords: Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Free state settlers; Hill, Hiram; Ladd, Erastus D.; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroads; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Whitney, Thaddeus L.


Daily diary, Isaac Goodnow
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: July 1855 - January 1856
Isaac Goodnow, a free state supporter and founder of Bluemont College in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, recorded news of political events and military skirmishes from July 1855-January 1856. Goodnow's diary makes mention of the details of his daily life, such as home maintenance, crop harvests, prairie fires, and extended illness.

Keywords: Conway, Martin Franklin; Daily life; Denison, Joseph; Elections; Free state activities; Free state support; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Illness; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Militia; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Schuyler, Philip Church; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Topeka Constitution; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855


Circular, Informational Letter regarding Emigration to Kansas
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: 1855
Edward Hale was the author of this printed letter describing the services provided by the [New England] Emigrant Aid Company and the conditions of settlement in Kansas Territory. Hale included information regarding cost of travel and settlement, conditions of land acquisition, job opportunities, and relations with local Indians. He also addressed the slavery question, and already mentioned occurrences of election fraud on the part of proslavery supporters, but concluded that, in his own opinion "there is no danger whatever for Kanzas".

Keywords: Business enterprises; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Libraries; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Travel; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Receipts and Expenditures, State Kansas Committee
Authors: Massachusetts State Kansas Committee
Date: c. 1856 - 1857
One of many ledger-type listings of donations to and expenditures of the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee for the support of Kansas settlement and the activities of "Capt J[ohn] Brown" and other free state partisans.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Conway, Martin Franklin; Free state cause; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Receipts; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Whitman, E. B.


Announcing start of a company for Kansas in 1856
Authors: Wood, Bradford R.
Date: April 18, 1856
This printed letter, written by Bradford R. Wood, concerned the departure of another party to Kansas and information on how to join. It also announced that the Shawnee Reserve in Kansas would be opened for settlement.

Keywords: Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Emigration and immigration; Immigration and early settlement; McGowan, M.; New York State Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Shawnee Indian Reserve; Van Dyck, H. H.; Williams, C. P.; Wood, Bradford R.


Letter, W. Y. Roberts [&] S. C. Pomeroy to C. K. Holliday, Esq
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Roberts, William Y.
Date: June 24, 1856
William Y. Roberts and Samuel C. Pomeroy reported their activates from Willard's, a hotel popular with wealthy congressmen in Washington, D. C., to Cyrus K. Holliday in Topeka, Kansas Territory. They described the legislators' and President Franklin Pierce's eagerness to resolve K. T. troubles. While approving the July 4th meeting of the free state legislature, they cautioned Holliday to promote peace.

Keywords: Free state legislature; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Roberts, William Young; Topeka, Kansas Territory; United States. Congress; Washington, D.C.


To the friends of free Kansas
Authors: Kansas Central Committee of Iowa
Date: July 4, 1856
The Kansas Central Committee of Iowa suggested a different overland route to Kansas, recommending that emigrants travel through Iowa instead of Missouri. Also the committee wanted men from the west to come to Kansas instead of eastern men, since travel from back East would be too expensive.

Keywords: Antislavery; Clark, W. Penn; Downey, H. D.; Emigration and immigration; Hobart, C. W.; Immigration and early settlement; Iowa; Iowa City, Iowa; Kansas Central Committee of Iowa; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Settlement; Topeka, Kansas


Letter, L. B. Russell and C. J. Higginson to Messrs. [Samuel C.] Pomeroy and [Charles H.] Branscomb
Authors: Higginson, Charles J.; Russell, Le Baron
Date: October 1, 1856
Le Baron Russell and Charles J. Higginson, members of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston to S. C. Pomeroy and Charles H. Branscomb in Kansas. Russell and Higginson informed the two company agents that they would be required to settle all company accounts, to compile a complete inventory of all company property in Kansas, and to provide a statement of the precise terms of all company contracts, particularly those related. They urged Pomeroy and Branscomb to devote all of their attention to company affairs and to make every effort to manage affairs more frugally.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Emigrant aid companies; Higginson, Charles J.; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Russell, Le Baron


Letter, S. F. Lyman to H. Hill
Authors: Lyman, Samuel F.
Date: October 13, 1856
Samuel Lyman wrote from Northampton, Massachusetts, to Hiram Hill, also in Massachusetts, regarding Hill's responsibility to raise money for aid to Kansas. Lyman reminded Hill of the suffering occurring in the Territory. He added in a postscript that although Samuel Pomeroy had recently delivered provisions to people in KT, they were only enough to last a few days.

Keywords: Free state support; Hill, Hiram; Lyman, Samuel F.; Massachusetts; Money; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891


Letter, Dunn to Mr. T. W. Higginson
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: October 23, 1856
In this letter to Thomas W. Higginson, an agent of the Massachusetts Kansas Aid Committee, Mr. Dunn wrote from Oskaloosa, Iowa, regarding the current troubles in Kansas Territory. He was attempting to gather together a company as a response to Gov. Gary's [sic] election and the U. S. Army's efforts to arrest many prominent free state men. According to the author, "the U. S. troops by the order of Gary are taking every free State man they can get hold of." He was eager to hear advice from Higginson about the best way to proceed, and he laid out his plan to amass about 60 men to fight against the border ruffians who had invaded the territory. He hoped that Higginson would support him in this matter by obtaining provisions. Dunn maintained that this plan came from his sense of duty; it did not arise from a warlike spirit.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Free state activities; Free state perspective; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; United States. Army


Letter, James Gillpatrick to Gen. [Samuel C.] Pomeroy
Authors: Gillpatrick, James
Date: October 24, 1856
From Brownville, K.T., Gillpatrick wrote seeking compensation for his losses to the "border ruffins," or specifically at the hand of "a miserable horse thief from Missouri." Gillpatrick had been advised by a Chicago friend that all such aid was being distributed through the Lawrence based committee, thus his letter to Pomeroy, who would "doubtless know who they are."

Keywords: Border ruffians; Chicago, Illinois; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief funds; State Central Committee of Kansas


Kansas Experience of Charles E. Dewey
Authors: Dewey, Charles E.
Date: December 24, 1856
In this testimony, Charles E. Dewey described how his family and others in their party traveled to Kansas from Ohio. The group sought advice from S. C. Pomeroy about where to settle, and at his urging, they located on South Pottawatomie Creek, possibly in Anderson County. He included in this testimony the names and stories of people that he encountered on his journey and during his early years in the territory. One particularly interesting account was the conflict between a group of Germans and Dewey's party over possession of land claims. Dewey also included details of the difficulties for settlers in Kansas Territory during the years 1855 and 1856. Furthermore, within this testimony he states the experiences of the Winkly brothers who were boarding with him.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Claims (see Damage claims or Land claims); Crops; Dewey, Charles E.; Emigration and immigration; Germans; Health; Illness; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Livestock; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory; Sickness (see Illness); Transportation; Weather


Letter, S. Cabot, Jr. to James Blood, Esq
Authors: Cabot, Samuel
Date: December 28, 1856
Samuel Cabot, who was directing a Boston effort to send clothing to Kansas Territory, advised Blood he was aware of the goods that "had been stopped at St Louis by the closure of navigation." He also comments on the reluctance of some to accept relief; these individuals were to be advised that "This supply is not a mere charity but a contribution of the North to soldiers, who have been bravely battling for the case of freedom & in defense of our common rights, against the Slave Oligarchy." Also included is a printed letter titled "Clothing For Kanzas," listing New England contributions.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Free state cause; Free state supporters; Kansas State Central Committee; Missouri River; Nute, Ephraim; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Slave power; St. Louis, Missouri


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Charles Robinson and S.C. Pomeroy
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 14, 1857
A. A. Lawrence, writing from Boston, sent a letter along with notes and stock valued at $12,696.14 to Charles Robinson and S.C. Pomeroy, who were acting as Trustees of Lawrence University. He instructed that the money be held in trust, with the intrest income to be used "for the advancement of religious and intellectual education of the young in Kansas." However, Lawrence added that he wanted the funds returned to him if Kansas should not become a free state after its acceptance into the Union.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Lawrence University; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Universities and colleges


Letter, C. [Charles] Robinson to Rev. E. E. [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: April 7, 1857
Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Robinson complained about the lack of respect he had received from New England Emigrant Aid Company leaders. He was particularly upset about criticisms of his financial ability. Robinson expressed anger at what he perceived as Eli Thayer's and the New England Emigrant Aid Company's opposition to the development of the town of Quindaro. Robinson included excerpts from a letter he received from James Redpath outlining Thayer's criticisms of Robinson's involvement with Quindaro.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Deed for William Brown
Authors: Trustees of the Town of Osawatomie: Samuel C. Pomeroy, et. al.
Date: April 16, 1857
This deed granted William Brown of Otego, New York a town lot in Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. Written over the deed certificate is a note from O. C. Brown, clerk of the Board of Trustees, which declares that this lot had been transferred to Mr. Jabez Holmes. On the back of the deed there is a written statement in which William Brown transfers ownership to Mr. Holmes, dated September 24, 1858.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Brown, William; Geer, Samuel; Holmes, Jabez; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Town lots; Ward, William


Letter, Charles H. Branscomb to Rev. Edward E. Hale
Authors: Branscomb, Charles H.
Date: April 25, 1857
Charles Branscomb wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Branscomb informed Hale that he had advanced money Francis Serenbetz and his party of thirty German emigrants to assist them in their effort to establish a colony on the Neosho River. Branscomb indicated that there had been considerable confusion about whether the New England Emigrant Aid Company had agreed to provide the Serenbetz party with funds, but he felt it best to provide the money.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Collective settlement; Germans; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nute, Ephraim; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Religious communities; Serenbetz, Francis M.; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, A. A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: April 29, 1857
A. A. Lawrence wrote from Boston to Charles Robinson regarding various complaints and general "dissatisfaction" that he had heard of Robinson. Lawrence advised Robinson to avoid disagreement and controversy with the New England Emigrant Aid Company, as the company had great financial and moral power. However, he agreed with Robinson and Pomeroy's decisions regarding the promotion of education in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Lawrence also referred an upcoming election, where free state men would be forced to vote to avoid a split ticket.

Keywords: Education; Elections; Lawrence University; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sampson, Rev. W.H.; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Joseph Denison to Dear Bro. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Denison, Joseph
Date: May 6, 1857
Joseph Denison wrote from Parkville, Missouri, to Isaac Goodnow, who was traveling . Denison reported that his solicitations for support of a college in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, had recently been well received. Among the interested parties were C. Evans and P. Judson of Evanstan, Illinois, who had been successful in building up Northwestern University in that area. Samuel Pomeroy also conveyed his interest, having pledged an investment to the cause on behalf of the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Universities and colleges


Agreement, between Pomeroy and Theodore Hyatt
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: June 29, 1857
"This agreement made this 29th day of June 1857 Between Samuel C. Pomeroy of the City of Atchison Kansas Territory. . .and Theodore Hyatt of the City of New York" addressed the conveyance of certain portions of city lots in Atchison and other land to the latter, as well as "one half of said Pomeroy's interest in the Squatter Sovereign," etc. In exchange Pomeroy received several thousand dollars.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Speculation; Squatter Sovereign; Town lots


Atchison and St. Joseph Rail Road!
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: July 28, 1857
This advertisement announces a meeting of stockholders in Atchison on August 8, 1857.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison and St. Joseph Railroad; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroad companies


Share Certificate for Orville C. Brown
Authors: Trustees of the Town of Osawatomie: Samuel C. Pomeroy, et. al.
Date: September 23, 1857
This document, drafted by the Trustees of the Town of Osawatomie, states the boundaries of the town and certifies that Orville C. Brown is the proprietor of 100 town shares.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Chestnut, William; Conway, Martin Franklin; Geer, Samuel; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Town shares; Ward, William


Statement draft, Charles Robinson to the Register and Receiver for the Territory of Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: ca. 1857
In this unsigned draft, Charles Robinson presented the facts surrounding the circumstances of his ownership of a Quarter section of land, which had been contested by William H.R. Lykins, who had placed part of the Wyandotte reservation on the same section of land. Robinson stated that, at the time he came under ownership of the land, he filed the proper papers with the Surveyor General, and that at no time had he quit claim on this particular piece of land.

Keywords: Indian reserves; Land claim disputes; Lykins, William H. R.; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Surveyor General; Wyandot Float


Letter, M. [Martin] Brimmer to M. [Martin] F. Conway
Authors: Brimmer, Martin
Date: February 6, 1858
Martin Brimmer, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway. Brimmer informed Conway that he had been appointed the company's general agent for Kansas Territory, replacing Charles Branscomb. Brimmer instructed Conway to recommend local agents for Topeka, Manhattan, and Osawatomie.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Brimmer, Martin; Conway, Martin Franklin; Emigrant aid companies; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: February 19, 1859
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb provided instructions to Conway on several New England Emigrant Aid Company business matters including the sale of property in Atchison, Kansas Territory. Webb state that it would be desirable to hold the Atchison property until real estate values increased, but he informed Conway that the Company needed cash immediately and that the properties should be sold as soon as possible.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Branscomb, Charles H.; Conway, Martin Franklin; Economic conditions; Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Real estate; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear Sir [Isaac Goodnow]
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: March 8, 1859
Samuel Pomeroy wrote to Isaac Goodnow from Atchison, Kansas Territory. Pomeroy told Goodnow he was not disposed at the moment to come to Manhattan on account of lawsuits and railroad business, but would come as soon as possible. He looked forward to being present when the cornerstone of the Bluemont College building was placed, and asked Goodnow to list him as a subscriber to Manhattan's new newspaper. Pomeroy also referred to the upcoming election the following June, which would determine the delegates to attend the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, and prayed for a successful outcome.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Border ruffians; Denison, Joseph; Election, Wyandotte Constitution delegates to convention, June 1859; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Skirmishing; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859


Letter, Sam F. Tappan to Dear Friend [Thomas W. Higginson]
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: April 17, 1859
In this letter, Samuel Tappan continued to keep Thomas Higginson of Worcester, Massachusetts apprised of the current situation in Kansas Territory. He mentioned such topics as the Pike's Peak gold rush and the affairs of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, stating his belief that Robinson and Pomeroy were innocent of any charges of speculation. He praised John Brown's work to free slaves and the work of the Doy family in that same endeavor. However, he did not agree with Charles Robinson, who too readily looked to the interests of the Republican Party instead of supporting John Brown's work in the territory. Tappan appreciated the Atlantic Monthly magazine and Higginson's contributions to it.

Keywords: African Americans; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Doy, John; Free state perspective; Fugitive slaves; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Kansas City, Kansas Territory; Land speculation; Pikes Peak gold rush; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Slaves; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913


Letter, Henry L. Denison to My Dear Uncle [Joseph Denison]
Authors: Denison, Henry
Date: May 11, 1859
Henry Denison wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to his uncle, Joseph Denison, who was traveling away from home. Henry reported that the cornerstone of Bluemont College had been laid the day before, and described the festivities, including speeches and the planting of a kind of time capsule behind the cornerstone. He added that crops had sprouted and were growing beautifully; emigrants continued to pass through on their way to Pikes Peak.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Celebrations; Crops; Denison, Henry; Denison, Joseph; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pikes Peak gold rush; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Riley County, Kansas Territory


Correspondence, John A. Martin to J. M. Winchell
Authors: Martin, John A., 1839-1889
Date: September 7, 1859
In the weeks following the close of the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, John A. Martin, the convention's secretary, and James M. Winchell, president of the convention, were occupied with the campaign for its ratification. This letter from Martin, dated Atchison, September 7, 1859, addressed some of the steps that had been and should be taken in the document's behalf during the bitter, partisan campaign leading up to the October 4, 1859, referendum.

Keywords: Constitutions; Democratic Party (U.S.); Martin, John A., 1839-1889; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Nebraska Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Congress. Senate; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, John M. S. Williams to Theo. Hyatt, Esq.
Authors: Williams, John M.S.
Date: November 22, 1859
Williams, an official of the Emigrant Aid Company, wrote to Theodore Hyatt of New York from the offices of Glidden & Williams (California Packet Office), Boston, regarding the payment of "$2500 for some lots . . ." which was to cover a note Williams had accepted from S. C. Pomeroy. But Williams also comments on KT politics: "I have been trying to raise $1000, to help Mr. Pomeroy in the Election (December 6?), his chance for the U S Senate, being very good; but he needs a little pecuniary assistance . . ." Pomeroy's election was critical because "he will have great influence on the course of the future Rail Road in Kansas . . . ."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Election, State Officials, December 1859; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroads; Town lots; United States. Congress. Senate; Williams, John M. S.


Appeal for the Kansas sufferers!
Authors: Foster, Daniel
Date: 1860
This letter was written by Daniel Foster to describe the conditions in Kansas during a nine month drought. Many settlers left Kansas Territory, and those remaining needed relief. This letter called on people to provide aid to those in Kansas. Furthermore, it listed names of a committee that met in Boston to discuss relief efforts in Kansas.

Keywords: Droughts; Food; Foster, Daniel; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Kansas Frontier; Kansas Relief Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poor; Relief; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Circular, To the friends of humanity
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blake, F. N.
Date: 1860-1861
This circular, written by F. N. Blake and W. F. M. Arny, was an appeal for aid to Kansas with suggestions for specific items and shipping routes for sending food, clothing and other provisions to the settlers starving after the drought of 1860.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Chicago, Illinois; Circulars; Clothing and dress; Food; Money; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [John Hanna]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 26, 1860
In this letter to a friend in Greencastle, Indiana, Ewing made numerous observations about the state of Kansas politics, of which he wrote: "Politics in Kansas you know are a business to those caught in the whirlpool." Ewing thought the state government was "pretty well officered" but was concerned about prospects for the senatorial contest. "Lane is nearly dead with the politicians. . . But he is a power with the people. . . . I look on Lane as a decidedly bad man," even though he recognized Lane's positive "service to the cause before the [Lawrence free-state] Convention in Decr 1857."

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Free state cause; Hanna, John; Journalism; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Congress. Senate; Vaughan, Champion


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing Sr.]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: February 2, 1860
In a lengthy letter to his father back in Lancaster, Ohio, Thomas Ewing, Jr., provided some observations and analysis of the Kansas political scene, especially as it pertained to the forthcoming election of U.S. senators. The counties north of the Kansas River would likely get either Marcus J. Parrott or Samuel C. Pomeroy, and the latter worried Ewing primarily because he was an Atchison promoter.

Keywords: Apprenticeship; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Lancaster, Ohio; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Machinists; Moore, Ely; Ohio; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pikes Peak gold rush; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell); United States. Congress. Senate; United States. General Land Office


Letter, Theodore Hyatt to S. C. Pomeroy
Authors: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: March 5, 1860
In this letter, Theodore Hyatt wrote from New York to S. C. Pomeroy regarding land transactions and railroads. Theodore also mentioned his brother, Thaddeus Hyatt, who was going to appear in Washington to make an argument before the Senate. This most likely referred to the repercussions facing Thaddeus due to his support of John Brown.

Keywords: Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroads


Letter, Theodore Hyatt to My good friend [W. F. M.] Arny
Authors: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: March 21, 1860
Theodore Hyatt of New York wrote this letter to W. F. M. Arny, an agent of the National Kansas Committee and friend of his brother, Thaddeus Hyatt. The main focus of the letter revolved around his brother Thaddeus, who was currently involved in a struggle with the government over whether or not he would testify in court regarding his support of John Brown. Theodore wrote, "I much fear my good brother has an exaggerated conception of the importance of his position." Apparently, he felt that his brother was attempting to make himself a martyr. The letter also included a brief mention of problems with freightage to Atchison and the competition between Atchison and Leavenworth.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Freight and freightage; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Prisons; Railroads; Russell, Majors, and Waddell


Letter, Theodore [Hyatt] to Dear Brother [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: March 27, 1860
This letter, written by Theodore Hyatt of New York, was sent to his brother Thaddeus, president of the National Kansas Committee. The main purpose of the letter was to keep Thaddeus informed about business dealings in Atchison, Kansas Territory. S.C. Pomeroy and Benjamin Stringfellow were attempting to attract the freighting business to Atchison through "inducements" in the form of town lots. However, the letter also discussed the current situation, since Thaddeus had been imprisoned in Washington D.C. for aiding John Brown and collecting funds to support the Brown family after John's death in 1859. Theodore briefly mentioned that he was "laying low" on that issue until he could collect all the funds obtained and pay it to Thaddeus.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Prisons; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Town lots


Invitation to a Grand Celebration in Atchison City
Authors: Atchison Committee on Invitations
Date: June 13, 1860
In this invitation, the citizens of Atchison invited people to attend an event that celebrated both the "extension of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad" to Atchison and the ground breaking of the Atchison and Pike's Peak Railroad. The invitation entitled the bearer to a free pass on various railroads for travel to Atchison.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison and Pike's Peak Railroad; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Community life; Fairchild, George H.; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroad promotion; Railroads; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.


Letter, Theodore [Hyatt] to Dear Brother [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: September 4, 1860
This letter was written by Theodore Hyatt of New York to his brother Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. Theodore rather vehemently berated his brother for his business dealings in Kansas--Theodore had negative experiences with investors and was not willing to lay himself on the line again. He also wrote that he "will not invest another dime in that miserable, God-forsaken country" called Kansas Territory. The rest of the letter discusses bank accounts and financial matters, in addition to a brief mention of a horse that Theodore purchased from S.C. Pomeroy.

Keywords: Businessmen; Economic development; Finance; Horses; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Property disputes


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: October 10, 1860
In this letter, S. C. Pomeroy wrote from Atchison, Kansas to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The letter revolved around the suffering of the settlers and their desperate search for provisions and employment. Pomeroy also mentioned the prospect of obtaining a large amount of buffalo meat, as well as the failed corn crop and the generally destitute condition of the settlers. He truly feared for the lives of the settlers during the upcoming winter.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Bison; Crops; Economic conditions; Elmore, Rush; Famines; Food; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Grain; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Topeka, Kansas; Vegetables


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: November 2, 1860
This letter was written to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, by S. C. Pomeroy regarding their relief efforts during the drought of 1860. Pomeroy mentioned in this letter a convention that was called to meet in Lawrence on November 14, 1860. He pasted the advertisement for this convention to the first page of the letter, it had been published in the (Leavenworth?) Daily Times on October 31, 1860.

Keywords: Droughts; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Mr. Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: November 4, 1860
This letter, written from Atchison by Samuel Pomeroy, was addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. Pomeroy informed Hyatt of the desperate need for aid, and he related the tale of a young woman who came to him seeking help for their starving families. He also spoke of a man from Eureka who rode 160 miles to obtain bread for himself and his neighbors. Pomeroy promised Hyatt that he would continue to send reports and updates.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Famines; Grain; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poverty; Relief


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: November 5, 1860
This letter, written by S. C. Pomeroy from Atchison, Kansas Territory, sought to inform Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, of the destitution in Kansas. Pomeroy was keeping Hyatt apprised of the dire situation, and he spoke of relief committees being formed in Leavenworth and Lawrence. Pomeroy also related the tales of specific individuals, such as John Roberts from Chelsea and Mrs. Johnson, a widow with five children.

Keywords: Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poor; Poverty; Relief


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to My dear good friend [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: December 3, 1860
This letter was written by S. C. Pomeroy of the Kansas Relief Committee, one of several aid committees that had been formed to ease the suffering of settlers in Kansas. This particular committee specifically sought to send relief funds and provisions into Kansas during the drought of 1860. The letter is addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, keeping him informed about the efforts to distribute food and clothing. Pomeroy appreciated the help he had received from Hyatt, but he was disappointed in Dr. Webb. The last page of the letter has been crossed out and edited.

Keywords: Droughts; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Jennison, Charles Ransford, 1834-1884; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Circular, An appeal from Kansas!
Authors: Byrd, J. H.; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Reynolds, Charles ; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877
Date: December 14, 1860
This circular detailed the beginnings of the Territorial Executive Committee, which was in charge of collecting relief to aid the struggling settlers of Kansas during the drought of 1860. This committee met in Lawrence, Kansas Territory on November 14, 1860 and passed several resolutions. From 24 Kansas counties 101 delegates were present, and out of this number four men were elected officers, including Samuel Pomeroy. The circular concluded with "Suggestions and Directions to those who purpose Aiding us in our Distress."

Keywords: Bodwell, Lewis; Byrd, J. H.; Circulars; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Fairchild, George H.; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lines, C. B.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Reynolds, Charles; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Starving Kansas
Authors: Stockmyer, G.
Date: December, 1860
This broadside was prepared by G. Stockmyer, agent for Kansas Relief. It included descriptions of the conditions in most parts of Kansas Territory from individuals such as Thaddeus Hyatt, Allen Hodgson, and W. F. M. Arny and excerpts from various newspapers. Relief efforts were being coordinated by Samuel C. Pomeroy from Atchison, Kansas Territory. Freight and railroad companies provided free shipping for relief goods sent to K. T.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Ballard, J. F.; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Chase County, Kansas Territory; Droughts; Grimes, W. H.; Hodgson, Allen; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Relief Committee; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Reynolds, Charles; Stockmyer, G; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory; Winchell, J. M.


Abstract of Report Showing the Operations of the Kansas Territorial Relief Committee to January 1, 1861
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: January 1, 1861


Keywords: Droughts; Kansas Relief Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Relief funds


Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My dear S [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: January 11, 1861
From Lawrence, K.T., Robinson wrote his wife Sara, who was still in the East, concerning Jim Lane's efforts to destroy Robinson's influence. The governor was not too worried, however, and wrote that he could "by paying a little attention to the matter make him smell worse than ever. He and his friends are already beginning to falter in their course for fear that I will turn the tables on them which I can do with ease.

Keywords: Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Kansas Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lincoln administration; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; United States. Senate; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to Hon. B. F. Camp
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: January 14, 1861
This printed letter was written by Thaddeus Hyatt to B. F. Camp of Albany, New York. This eloquent plea for assistance spoke of the drought and famine in Kansas during 1860 and 1861. The letter included personal experiences and excerpts from Kansas settlers describing the conditions in their area. For instance, a local physician wrote that "starvation stares us all in the face." The letter also provided agricultural statistics from Kansas Territory, beginning in 1859, to demonstrate the hard facts about this drought.

Keywords: Agriculture; Clothing and dress; Droughts; Famines; Food; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Illness; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poor; Poverty; Relief


Starvation in Kansas
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: February 4, 1860
This document was an appeal to "The President of the Country, To the Churches, To Congress, To State Legislatures, To Philanthropists, and To the humane everywhere!!" to support those suffering in Kansas. The document was written by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, and it was endorsed by S. C. Pomeroy, chairman of the Kansas Relief Committee and general agent for distribution. This particular Kansas Relief Committee had been formed to combat the effects of the drought of 1860. This short appeal contained eloquent and emotional rhetoric in "behalf of 40,000 starving Americans."

Keywords: Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Relief Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poverty; Relief; Relief funds


Article, Kansas Relief Committee
Authors: Smith, I. N.
Date: March 16, 1861
This article, published in the Haverhill, Massachusetts Tri-Weekly Publisher, lists the contributions collected by their local Kansas Relief Committee. A number of different churches in the area donated cash, and the committee also sent varied articles of clothing (listed in the article) to General S.C. Pomeroy of Atchison.

Keywords: Churches; Clothing and dress; Haverhill, Massachusetts; Kansas Relief Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Smith, I. N.


Photograph, Samuel Clarke Pomeroy
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c.1860
A portrait of Samuel Clarke Pomeroy, businessman and politician. In 1859, he attended the Convention at Osawatomie and the Republican Convention at Lawrence. Pomeroy was elected president of the Kansas Relief Committee in November, 1860. After statehood, he served as United States Senator from April 4, 1861 to March 3, 1873.

Keywords: Anthony, E.; Cartes de visite; Photographs and Illustrations; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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