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32 results for Pikes Peak gold rush:
Letter, J. J. I. [John J. Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: October 5, 1858
On his first full day in Sumner, Ingalls penned a second letter to his father to convey his first impressions of "that Promised Land." The reality Ingalls found and described was quite different than what was depicted in "the lithographic fiction" he had been shown back East. Other than the hotel, the "city" was composed of a "few log huts and miserable cabins . . . None of the premises are fenced," wrote Ingalls, "the whole place being open to the incursions of dogs and pigs which exist in large numbers and seem in fact to constitute the greater amount of the population." Virtually everything about the place distressed Ingalls, who was "quite unable to convey to you any definite idea of the disappointment, not unmingled with anger and mortification with which I contemplate the State of affairs here."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Commerce; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Houses; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Livestock; Pikes Peak gold rush; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion


Letter, J. J. I. [John J. Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: October 24, 1858
After nearly two weeks in the territory, Ingalls was somewhat more optimistic about his prospects, and in this letter to his father, Elias Ingalls, John Ingalls wrote of the gold rush and his legal business, which "opens very well." but he was still weary of "social conditions," as there were no churches in Sumner and "a total disregard of the Sabbath." Atchison, where he had gone in a futile search for an Episcopal Church, was little better in this regard.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Churches; Community life; Courts; Free state settlers; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Lawsuits; Pikes Peak gold rush; Religion; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Weather


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: November 17 & 24, 1858
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, defending Quindaro from rumors that deemed the town defunct. Chadwick blamed the bad management of the Town Company for the current troubles, and described various opportunities Quindaro still had for further development. Though property was not selling at all, according to Chadwick, prospects for future railroad and ferry traffic still were positive. He expressed his disappointment at Robert Lawrence, and accused him of giving Chadwick a false impression of the likelihood of Hill winning the land claim dispute with Robert Robetaille. A businessman had landed with a great deal of machinery looking to build a "manufactory", and Quindaro's investors were doing all they could to woo him.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Causin, Nathanial Pope; Chadwick, Charles; Ferries; Gold mines and mining; Hill, Hiram; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Pikes Peak gold rush; Quindaro Chindowan; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: November 21, 1858
Much of this interesting letter, dated November 21, 1858, from Sumner, describes the Ingalls law practice and the nature of a "frontier" court proceedings that often attracted "nearly all the population." According to Ingalls, "the chief difficulty arising [in the courts came] from the conflict of the two Codes, adopted by two hostile legislatures, each of which had adherents who call the other 'bogus.'" Ingalls also discussed the business of land sales, as something many successfully combine with the practice of law.

Keywords: Adams, Henry J.; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Coal; Courts; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Land sales; Lawyers; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Pikes Peak gold rush; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Thanksgiving Day; Weather


Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: January 2, 1859
From Lawrence, K.T., where he went to lobby the territorial legislature on behalf of Sumner's city charter and a "Pikes Peak Express Company," John J. Ingalls wrote to tell his father about the journey that took him through Leavenworth. He made some interesting observations about the condition of the roads and the general discomfort involved in overland travel ("The coaches are constructed with special reference to safety in passing over corduroy roads, through sloughs and ravines, having no regard whatever to the comfort of the passengers."), as well as nice descriptions of both cities, Leavenworth and Lawrence.

Keywords: Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Delaware Indians; Eldridge House; Ferries; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Kansas Legislature; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush; Roads; Stagecoaches; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Territorial government; Transportation; Wakarusa River


Letter, Albert C. Morton to Mr. Hill
Authors: Guthrie, Abelard
Date: January 8, 1859
Albert Morton wrote from Leavenworth City, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton reported that there was "a good deal of excitement out for Pikes Peak" and many Leavenworth citizens spoke of traveling there to dig for gold the following spring. His investments were not earning him much money, and he expressed his desire to sell land in order to pay what he owed to Hill and Abelard Guthrie.

Keywords: Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Morton, Albert C.; Pikes Peak gold rush; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies


Letter, W.T. Sherman to James B. Goddard
Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Date: January 17, 1859
From Leavenworth, W.T. Sherman wrote to a correspondent in Louisville, Ohio, regarding the uncertain prospects of "the Gold Mines of Kansas." He speculated that the Pikes Peak mines would yield some gold but nothing like the mines of California and Australia, and offered some travel advice.

Keywords: California; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Goddard, James B.; Gold mines and mining; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ohio; Pikes Peak gold rush; Salt Lake, Utah; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891


Letter, C. E. Blood to Mr. Hiram Hill
Authors: Blood, C.E.
Date: February 9, 1859
C.E. Blood wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Blood told Hill that, by mistake, a house had been built on one of Hill's town lots. He offered to trade lots with Hill, maintaining that both were of equal quality and value, and told him that the house would serve as the printing office of a new newspaper, the Manhattan Statesman.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Construction; Hill, Hiram; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspaper buildings; Pikes Peak gold rush; Real estate investment; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town lots


Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to Rev. E. E. Hale
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: February 10, 1859
Isaac T. Goodnow wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Goodnow informed Hale about plans to establish Bluemont Central College (predecessor to Kansas State University) just west of Manhattan, Kansas Territory. He asserted that the college would only add to Manhattan's other advantages -- being on the "natural route of the Pacific" railroad and on the shortest route to the Pike's Peak gold mines. Goodnow asked Hale for a contribution to the building fund for the college.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town promotion; Universities and colleges


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to My dear good little man [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: February 14, 1859
Responding to Hyatt's letter of February 2 in which he seems to have authorized the sale of the "Lightfoot," Pomeroy discussed that potential deal and others, regarding the growth and development of Atchison. Pomeroy also discussed making loans at up to 10 percent per month, informed Hyatt that "the Cars run through to St. Jo. To day for the first time," and painted a very optimistic picture of Atchison's prosperity and future prospects. The letter was signed, "Your 'fat belly' friend . . ."

Keywords: Atchison and St. Joseph Railroad; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Banks and banking; Lightfoot (steamboat); Loans; Missouri River; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; St. Joseph, Missouri; Steamboats


Letter, Andrew J. Mead to Friend [John A.] Halderman
Authors: Mead, Andrew J.
Date: March 14, 1859
In a letter marked "Confidential" and dated March 14, 1859, Andrew J. Mead of Manhattan wrote to enlist Halderman in his (Mead's) effort to get Russell, Majors, & Waddell to use a new Blue River ferry at Manhattan called Johnstons ferry when they began hauling freight over the "Great Central Route via Smoky Hill" to the gold mines. Mead was "deeply interested" in this ferry and wished to negotiate a contract with the freighters for its use.

Keywords: Blue River, Kansas Territory; Ferries; Freight and freightage; Halderman, John Adams; Johnstons Ferry, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Mead, Andrew J.; Pikes Peak gold rush; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Smoky Hill Trail, Kansas Territory; Transportation


Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: March 15, 1859
Although Ingalls began this relatively brief letter from Sumner with comments on the local election (he won the race for city attorney), he devoted most of it to the Pike's Peak Gold Rush--"the amount and character of the emigration to Pike's Peak is truly astonishing. . . . [T] military roads are already thronged with anxious hundreds, on foot, dragging hand carts, on mules, and with ox teams."

Keywords: Business; Cities and towns; Economic conditions; Elections; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Pettit, John; Pikes Peak gold rush; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation; Travel


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dir Sir [William F. Roelofson]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 26, 1859
In this March 26, 1859, letter to William F. Roelofson, London, England, T. Ewing, Jr., discussed an investment but also observed: "The city streets are black with the swarms of Pikes Peakers and our prospects are better now than ever. We are getting 2/3rds of the whole of this emigration: and our merchants are doing an enormous business in outfitting for the mines."

Keywords: Commerce; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Gold mines and mining; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; London, England; Merchants; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Roelofson, William F.


Letter, Sam F. Tappan to Dear Friend [Thomas W. Higginson]
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: April 17, 1859
In this letter, Samuel Tappan continued to keep Thomas Higginson of Worcester, Massachusetts apprised of the current situation in Kansas Territory. He mentioned such topics as the Pike's Peak gold rush and the affairs of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, stating his belief that Robinson and Pomeroy were innocent of any charges of speculation. He praised John Brown's work to free slaves and the work of the Doy family in that same endeavor. However, he did not agree with Charles Robinson, who too readily looked to the interests of the Republican Party instead of supporting John Brown's work in the territory. Tappan appreciated the Atlantic Monthly magazine and Higginson's contributions to it.

Keywords: African Americans; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Doy, John; Free state perspective; Fugitive slaves; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Kansas City, Kansas Territory; Land speculation; Pikes Peak gold rush; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Slaves; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913


Letter, Henry L. Denison to My Dear Uncle [Joseph Denison]
Authors: Denison, Henry
Date: May 11, 1859
Henry Denison wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to his uncle, Joseph Denison, who was traveling away from home. Henry reported that the cornerstone of Bluemont College had been laid the day before, and described the festivities, including speeches and the planting of a kind of time capsule behind the cornerstone. He added that crops had sprouted and were growing beautifully; emigrants continued to pass through on their way to Pikes Peak.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Celebrations; Crops; Denison, Henry; Denison, Joseph; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pikes Peak gold rush; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Riley County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: May 11, 1859
Among other rather mundane items, Ewing told his father back in Ohio that the Democrats had just held a convention at Tecumseh, "which Hugh [Ewing] and Hamp attended," and about the economic conditions in Leavenworth, which were much tied to the success of the "Pikes Peak movement."

Keywords: Construction; Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Physicians; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; St. Joseph, Missouri; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory


Letter, Geo. S. Park to I. T. Goodnow
Authors: Park, George S.
Date: June 7, 1859
George Park wrote from Parkville, Missouri, to Isaac Goodnow in New York City. Park confessed to Goodnow that he would not be able to pay into their investments this season, on account of hard economic times. However, he was willing to sell his property in Manhattan, which had been a "continual drain" on him from the beginning. Park criticized Goodnow's efforts: "I think you are too fast That country hardly wants a college yet. We perhaps had better have waited until times are better."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Park, George S.; Parkville, Missouri; Pikes Peak gold rush; Real estate investment; Town lots; Universities and colleges


Letter, Kagi to "My Dear Sister"
Authors: Kagi, John Henry
Date: June 8, 1859
From Cleveland, Ohio, Kagi jokingly wrote his sister that in the absence of any letters from the family, he had feared they had set off for "Pikes Peak, and had died of suffering on the route, as others have." Kagi expected to leave in order to take up his "business in earnest" shortly--that is, to implement Brown's plan and move on Harpers Ferry.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare - Free state perspective; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Crops; Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Kagi, John Henry; Pikes Peak gold rush; Weather


Letter, Wm H Goode to Rev. J. Denison
Authors: Goode, William H.
Date: July 18, 1859
William Goode wrote to Joseph Denison from a camp at the foot of the Rocky Mountains. Goode described "forbidding" circumstances at the start of their journey West, having met a "great stampede" of settlers returning East. However, upon arrival at the mining operations, Goode found the settlement orderly, provisions plentiful, and the landscape beautiful. Though he hesitated to speculate, Goode predicted that the following year would be prosperous for mining enterprises.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Emigration and immigration; Goode, William H.; Landscape; Mining; Pikes Peak gold rush; Rocky Mountains


Letter, J. S. G. [James Griffing] to Mr. Editor [William Smyth]
Authors: Griffing, James Sayre
Date: July 27, 1859
James Sayre Griffing wrote from Topeka, Kansas Territory to William Smyth, editor of the Owego (New York) Times. Griffing described in some detail his family's overland journey to Kansas Territory in a "double waggon." He commented upon the quantity and nature of provisions to take on an overland journey, methods for crossing streams and rivers, and the advantages of a good "fowling piece" for hunting wild game. Griffing also observed that the amount of travel in and through Kansas Territory had increased during 1859, due in part to the Pike's Peak gold rush.

Keywords: Ferries; Griffing, James Sayre; Hunting; Owego, New York; Pikes Peak gold rush; Roads; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Smyth, William; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Travel; Wagons


Letter, E. S. Whitney to Uncle Hiram
Authors: Whitney, E.S.
Date: November 24, 1859
E. S. Whitney, niece of Hiram Hill, wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to her uncle in Massachusetts. Whitney reported that money was scarce; the family was living in a hotel in town and they had begun renting their house. Her husband, Thaddeus Whitney, was unable to collect debts owed to him in order to travel to Pikes Peak. They all had recently suffered from an illness, but Thaddeus had begun building a new home on New Hampshire street.

Keywords: Construction; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Hill, Hiram; Illness; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush; Rent; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Whitney, E.S.; Whitney, Thaddeus L.; Women


Book, Gunn's Map and Handbook of Kansas and the Gold Mines
Authors: Gunn, O.B. (Otis Berthoude, 1828-1901)
Date: 1859
This book by O.B. Gunn, a civil engineer in Wyandotte, provides basic information about Kansas Territory and the living conditions there. The first half outlines statistics about the population, climate, crops, telegraph access, etc. for the use of potential settlers. The second half describes routes to gold mines in Western Kansas Territory and advises the best travel seasons and provisions necessary to make the journey. Includes more than 20 pages of business and trade advertisements, including Gunn's own advertisement on p. 57.

Keywords: Crops; Daily life; Gold mines and mining; Gunn, O.B. (Otis Berthoude, 1828-1901); Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Mining; Native Americans; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Settlement; Telegraph; Weather; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Handbook to the Gold Fields of Nebraska and Kansas. Being a Complete Guide to the Gold Regions of the South Platte & Cherry Creek.
Authors: Byers, William N.; Kellom, Jno. H.
Date: 1859
As the title indicated, this booklet was a guide for those want to look for gold in the Cherry Creek area near present Denver, Colorado and in the South Platte area of Nebraska. The author included an account from a miner written in 1858 on the South Platte and provided a detailed listing of the equipment needed and its cost as well as a day by day guide to the route. The booklet contained a great deal of information about and advertisements from Council Bluffs, Iowa, and Omaha City, Nebraska Territory. The author of the handbook felt that the Pike's Peak gold rush was a myth.

Keywords: Advertisements; Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory; Cherry Creek, Kansas Territory; Colorado; Council Bluffs, Iowa; Denver City, Kansas Territory; Gold mines and mining; Iowa; Nebraska Territory; Omaha City, Nebraska Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush; Travel


The New Gold Mines of Western Kansas, Second Edition
Authors: Parsons, William B.
Date: 1859
This booklet contained a description of the gold mines in the Cherry Creek and Pike's Peak regions of Kansas Territory. It included information on routes, campling places, equipment needed, and "everything important for the emingant and miner to know." It had advertisements for businesses in St. Louis, Missouri, and Lawrence, Kansas Territory,

Keywords: Advertisements; Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory; Cherry Creek, Kansas Territory; Colorado; Gold mines and mining; Pikes Peak gold rush; Travel


Letter, R. G. Elliott to Dear Sister
Authors: Elliott, Robert G.
Date: January 24, 1860
Robert Elliott, former publisher of the Kansas Free State newspaper, wrote to his sister from Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Elliott told her that the Territorial legislature had just began its session, and he explained how it came to be held in Lawrence. He updated his sister on his current occupation as a Deputy at the Treasurer's office and cleared up a rumor that he had received $40,000 compensation for damages during the sack of Lawrence. He had only received $4,000, and he had immediately invested it in Territorial land warrants.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Elliott, Robert G.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Pikes Peak gold rush; Real estate investment; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Telegraph


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing Sr.]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: February 2, 1860
In a lengthy letter to his father back in Lancaster, Ohio, Thomas Ewing, Jr., provided some observations and analysis of the Kansas political scene, especially as it pertained to the forthcoming election of U.S. senators. The counties north of the Kansas River would likely get either Marcus J. Parrott or Samuel C. Pomeroy, and the latter worried Ewing primarily because he was an Atchison promoter.

Keywords: Apprenticeship; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Lancaster, Ohio; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Machinists; Moore, Ely; Ohio; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pikes Peak gold rush; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell); United States. Congress. Senate; United States. General Land Office


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to A. J. Isacks
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 22, 1860
Ewing addressed a number of issues in this letter to former territorial Kansas attorney general Andrew J. Isacks (1854-1857), who was in Washington, D.C. presumably lobbying Congress on behalf of Kansas admission, etc., but closed with some interesting comments on Leavenworth's interest in the promotion and development of the Smoky Hill route to the Pikes Peak region. Isacks was one of Ewing's principle partners in the Leavenworth, Pawnee, & Western Railroad venture and was undoubtedly busy lobbying for a railroad land grant from Congress.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Colorado City, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Homestead law; Isacks, Andrew Jackson; Land grants; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Pawnee, and Western Railroad Company; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Smoky Hill Trail, Kansas Territory; United States. Congress; Washington, D.C.


Letter, John James Ingalls to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: April 3, 1860
Ingalls devoted much of his April 3, 1860, letter from Sumner to the territory's agricultural prospects, which were still not particularly good: "Corn, pork, and hides" were Kansas's only exports, and they were not very profitable as prices were low. "Considerable attention," wrote Ingalls, "is being paid to the hemp crop" and the wheat seemed to be doing pretty well; various kinds of fruit also "flourishes. . . . I have never seen finer apples than the farmers across the river bring to market. . . . But little is raised in Kansas yet, though much attention is being given to 'orchardizing' this spring." Ingalls was actually considering a move to the Gold County (Colorado) for better business prospects.

Keywords: Agriculture; Business; Colorado gold fields; Crops; Economic conditions; Economic development; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Land speculation; Pikes Peak gold rush; Speculation; Statehood (see also Admission, Kansas); Telegraph


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [A. J. Isacks]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: May 20, 1860
Mention was made in the Ewing letter to Andrew J. Isacks in Washington, D.C., of the development of the Smoky Hill route to the gold fields and railroad legislation. The Atchison & St. Joseph, as well as the "Pacific railroad," was specifically noted.

Keywords: Atchison and St. Joseph Railroad; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Elwood, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Isacks, Andrew Jackson; Pacific railroads; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Smoky Hill Trail, Kansas Territory; Washington, D.C.


Letter, Sam F. Tappan to Rev Thomas W Higginson
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: June 24, 1860
Samuel Tappan wrote this letter from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Thomas Higginson of Worcester, Massachusetts. Tappan was leaving for Colorado in a week or two, presumably to meet some family members working the gold fields. He also mentioned Theodore Parker, a supporter of John Brown who had a terminal illness and passed away while in Italy. The Leavenworth Times had also mentioned his death, albeit briefly. Tappan also spoke of James Redpath's biography of John Brown, including a portion of the book that discussed a mail coach robbery in the summer of 1856.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Colorado; Crime; Gold mines and mining; Higginson, Charles J.; Pikes Peak gold rush; Postal service; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Violence


Letter, Ford to My dear Learnard [Oscar E.]
Authors: Ford
Date: November 14, 1860
This piece of correspondence was written by a man named Ford, from Missouri City, Arapaho Co., (later part of Colorado Territory). Ford had apparently left Burlington, Kansas Territory for "gold country" the previous year. He related some of his experiences in the gold fields and his desire to return to Kansas. Ford intended to stay "until I make enough to pay me for coming here and some more if I can," and he mentioned additional discoveries in the San Juan Mountains in Mexico, which caused "a great rush for those diggins."

Keywords: Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory; Burlington, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Colorado; Colorado gold fields; Gold mines and mining; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Missouri City, Kansas Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush


Hints and Information for the use of Emigrants to Pike's Peak Embracing a Concise and Comprehensive Sketch of the Gold Region, the Best Routes, Points of Outfit, etc.
Authors: Drake, Samuel Adams
Date: 1860
This printed guide to those intending to go the the gold fields near Pike's Peak included a short history of the region since the discovery of the gold and a list of distances from Leavenworth via various locations to Denver City. It contained various tips about how to prepare for the trip. The pamphlet also promoted Leavenworth as "superior to any point on the border" and contained information about the city and the businesses there. For example, the pamphlet listed the number of various kinds of businesses, manufacturers, occupations, and social institutions in Leavenworth. A hand written note on the item indicated the information in the pamphlet was published in the Leavenworth Daily Times on February 14, 1860.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denver City, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush; Retail businesses; Town promotion; Travel


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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