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209 results for Photographs and Illustrations:
Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, c. 1856
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1856
A photographic view of Massachusetts Street, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, c. 1856.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Cyrus Kurtz Holliday
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Between 1846 and 1851
Portrait of Cyrus Kurtz Holliday, Topeka, Kansas Territory. He came to Kansas Territory from Meadville, Pennsylvania. Cyrus Kurtz Holliday was the first president of the Topeka Town Association and was involved in founding and settling Topeka. He was an agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company. Holliday was very active in territorial political activities including the Topeka movement, and he was a delegate to the Topeka Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Daguerreotypes; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, William H. R. Lykins house, Lawrence, Kansas Territory
Authors: Leonard, 613 Kansas Ave., Topeka, KS.
Date: 1854
A view of the William H. R. Lykins house, Lawrence, Kansas Territory. This probably is the second house built by Lykins on the future site of Lawrence. He settled in the area on May 26, 1854, many weeks before the first Emigrant Aid Society party arrived. Lykins built one house northwest of the present-day Lawrence in May 1854. In August of that year, he built another house near the future site of the Emigrant Aid Company's sawmill on the south bank of the Kansas River. The photograph is from a cabinet card made by Leonard, 613 Kansas Ave., Topeka, Kansas.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Houses; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leonard, J. H.; Lykins, William H. R.; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Cyrus Kurtz Holliday and Mary Holliday
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Between 1854 and 1857
Portrait of Cyrus Kurtz Holliday and Mary Holliday, Topeka, Kansas Territory. He came to Kansas Territory from Meadville, Pennsylvania. Cyrus Kurtz Holliday was the first president of the Topeka Town Association and was involved in founding and settling Topeka. He was an agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company. Holliday was very active in territorial political activities including the Topeka movement, and he was a delegate to the Topeka Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Daguerreotypes; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, First Executive Office, Fort Leavenworth
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1854
A photograph of the building where Governor Reeder established the first Executive office at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, October 4 to November 24, 1854.

Keywords: Capitals (cities); Executive departments - Kansas Territory; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Territorial government; United States. Army


Photograph, Shalor Eldridge Family
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: November, 1854
This portrait of Shalor Eldridge, his wife and their four daughters was taken in Westfield, Massachusetts in November 1854. Eldridge was involved with the New England Emigrant Aid Company and operated a company hotel in Lawrence, Kansas Territory which was a center for the free state movement.

Keywords: Businessmen; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Free state supporters; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, 1855
Authors: Rice, J. E.
Date: 1855
Photograph of a sketch showing part of Lawrence, Kansas Territory, 1855 by J. E. Rice. The sketch was photographed by H. T. Martin, 237 Kansas Ave., Topeka, Kansas.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Cities and towns; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Martin, H. T.; Photographs and Illustrations; Sketches


Photograph, Voting at Kickapoo, Kansas Territory
Authors: Beard, Frank
Date: c. 1855
An illustration of pro-slavery Missourians voting at Kickapoo, Kansas Territory, c. 1855, copied from Beyond the Mississippi by Albert D. Richardson, 1867.

Keywords: Book illustrations; Elections; Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Missourians; Photographs and Illustrations; Voting


Photograph, Constitutional Convention 1855
Authors: Orr, J. W.
Date: 1855
Photograph of an illustration of the Topeka Constitutional Convention, Topeka, Kansas Territory, 1855 in session. Illustration from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, December 15, 1855.

Keywords: Free State Convention; Free state government; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Calhoun County Courthouse
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1855
An exterior view of the Calhoun County Courthouse, built c.1855. Calhoun County included part of what is now northern Shawnee County and all of Jackson County.

Keywords: Calhoun County, Kansas Territory (see also Jackson County, Kansas Territory); Courthouses; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, First house in Leavenworth
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1855
A photograph of the first dwelling house in Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, built in 1855. The date of the photograph is unknown. It was located between 4th and 5th Streets on Olive Street. A young African-American child was photographed standing next to the house.

Keywords: African Americans; Houses; Immigration and early settlement; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth buildings; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement


Photograph, Clarina Irene Howard Nichols
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Between 1855 and 1860
Clarina Irene Howard Nichols and her husband settled in Quindaro, Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory. She was active in politics and women's rights. Nichols attended the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention 1859 where she secured for Kansas women liberal property rights, equal guardianship of their children, and the right to vote on all school questions. Susan B. Anthony paid tribute to Clarina Nichols in her "History of Woman Suffrage".

Keywords: Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Photographs and Illustrations; Women; Women Legal status, laws, etc; Women Suffrage; Womens rights; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859


Kansas pioneer staking his squatter claim, 1855
Authors: Reader, Samuel James
Date: July 26, 1855
Samuel Reader painted this watercolor of himself staking a claim at Indianola. Reader moved to Kansas from Illinois in 1855, attracted by "rich, cheap farm land" (as stated in his autobiography). The inscription on the painting reads, "Samuel J. Reader. July 26, 1855." The artist drew many Kansas territorial and Civil War scenes.

Keywords: Art; Artist; Daily life; Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Indianola, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claims; Objects; Photographs and Illustrations; Reader, Samuel James; Settlement; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Squatters


Photograph, James W. Denver
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Circa 1857
James W. Denver was the seventh Territorial Governor, serving from May 12 to July 3 and July 30 through October, 1858. He also served as acting Governor from December 21, 1857 through May 12, 1858. This engraving was made while he was serving as a member of the 34th Congress from California, just prior to being appointed acting Territorial Governor.

Keywords: Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Engravings; Photographs and Illustrations


Sketch of the Public Surveys in Kansas & Nebraska
Authors: Searl, Albert D.; Whitman, E. B.
Date: 1855
Indicates location of Fort Leavenworth. Indicates Native American inhabitation. At head of title: No. 1. Shows surveyed lands in eastern Nebraska and northeastern Kansas. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: Maps; Photographs and Illustrations; Surveyor General (see United States. Surveyor General); United States. Surveyor General


Photograph, Topeka, Kansas Territory, 1856
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856
An illustration showing Topeka, Kansas Territory, 1856. Constitution Hall is visible on the left side of the illustration.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Constitutions; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Camp Saunders, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856
View of Camp Saunders, a Pro-Slavery stronghold, located 12 miles southwest of Lawrence, Kansas Territory, 1856.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Camp Saunders, Kansas Territory (see also Fort Saunders); Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Fort Saunders, Kansas Territory (see also Camp Saunders); Photographs and Illustrations; Proslavery


Photograph, Free-State Battery
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856
During the year 1856, the pro-slavery people of Missouri virtually cut off free-state emigration to Kansas Territory by the way of the Missouri River. Numerous emigrant parties were intercepted and turned back. This circumstance led to an organized emigration to Kansas Territory overland through Iowa. Parties came in organized companies and were generally armed. These arms were furnished largely through organized movements in the Eastern states from which the emigrants came. In a number of instances cannons were brought by these emigrant parties. This daguerreotype shows one of the cannons brought by a company to Topeka in 1856.

Keywords: Cannons; Daguerreotypes; Firearms; Free State Battery; Free state; Free state activities; Free state militia; Guns; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, 1856
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856
View of Massachusetts Street from Fort to Ave, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, March, 1856.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Ruins of the Free State Hotel
Authors: Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911
Date: 1856
An illustration of the Free State Hotel ruins, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, 1856, copied from Kansas: Its Interior and Exterior Life by Mrs. Charles Robinson.

Keywords: Book illustrations; Border disputes and warfare; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free State Hotel; Hotels; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856


Photograph, Pioneers near Lawrence, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856
Unidentified pioneers near Lawrence, Kansas Territory, 1856.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Pioneers


Photograph, Constitution Hall, Topeka, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856
An exterior view of Constitution Hall, Topeka, Kansas Territory. The Constitutional Convention met here in 1855 and the Topeka Legislature was dispersed from the building by Col. Edwin Vose Sumner in 1856.

Keywords: Illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Free State Hotel, Lawrence, Kansas Territory
Authors: Gibbons, Robert O.
Date: 1856
A painting of the Free State Hotel, Lawrence, Kansas Territory by Robert O. Gibbons. In May 1856, the proslavery sheriff of Douglas County, Samuel Jones, led a posse into Lawrence, the major Free-State stronghold. The chief damage was the burning of the Free-state Hotel shown in this painting.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free State Hotel; Gibbons, Robert O.; Hotels; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Constitution Hall, Topeka, Kansas Territory
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1856
Exterior view of Constitution Hall with Col. Edwin Vose Sumner dispersing the Free-State Legislature, Topeka, Kansas Territory, July 4, 1856. Illustration from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, July 26, 1856.

Keywords: Free state legislature; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Sumner, Edwin Vose, 1835-1912; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory; United States. Army


Photograph, Battle of Hickory Point
Authors: Breyman, W.
Date: 1856
A copy of a lithograph showing the Battle of Hickory Point, Jefferson County, Kansas Territory, drawn by W. Breyman.

Keywords: Battles; Border disputes and warfare; Breyman, W.; Engravings; Hickory Point, Battle of; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, William Frederick Milton Arny
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Circa 1856
W. F. M. Arny was active in numerous territorial Kansas activities, serving as an agent for the National Kansas Committee and as a delegate to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He was a member of the 1858 territorial legislature and the Topeka legislature. The identification on this photograph indicates that this is a disguise he used in Missouri in 1856.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Card photographs; Free state supporters; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; National Kansas Committee; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, R. L. Williams house
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1857
Stone house built by R. L. Williams in the summer of 1857, Franklin, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken c. 1890.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Franklin buildings; Franklin, Kansas Territory; Houses; Photographs and Illustrations; Williams, R. L.


Photograph, Saw Mill, Linn County, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1857
A saw mill built by Joseph Trego and the Smiths on Little Sugar Creek, Linn County, Kansas Territory, 1857.

Keywords: Linn County, Kansas Territory; Little Sugar Creek, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Sawmills; Trego, Joseph Harrington


Photograph, Ferry crossing the Kansas River
Authors: Hogan, Thomas
Date: 1857
Drawing of a ferry crossing the Kansas River with a view of Lawrence, Kansas Territory, 1857, copied from Beyond the Mississippi by Albert D. Richardson, 1867.

Keywords: Book illustrations; Cities and towns; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Ferries; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Wagons


Photograph, James Henry Lane
Authors: Rohe, A.
Date: 1857
Photograph of an illustration of James Henry Lane "shouting defiance into the convention's ears and the battery's muzzles at Constitution Hall," Lecompton, Kansas Territory. The illustration is copied from Life of General James H. Lane by John I. Speer.

Keywords: Book illustrations; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lecompton Constitutional Convention, September 1857; Lecompton buildings; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Pile Bridge, Topeka, Kansas Territory
Authors: Worrall, Henry
Date: c. 1858
A copy of a painting showing a pile bridge in Topeka, Kansas Territory, 1857-60. Henry Worrall was the artist.

Keywords: Bridges; Bridges, pile; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Worrall, Henry


Photograph, Martin Franklin Conway
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Between 1857 and 1861
Portrait of Martin Franklin Conway, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, a free state activist and political leader. He was a agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company and the Executive Committee of Kansas Territory. Conway was a delegate to several constitutional conventions and the Republican National Convention. He was the first Kansan elected to Congress.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Constitutional conventions; Conway, Martin Franklin; Leonard; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement)


Photograph, Governor's Mansion, Lecompton, Kansas Territory, 1856
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1857
Photograph of an illustration showing the Governor's Mansion, Lecompton, Kansas Territory, 1856, copied from Harper's Weekly, June 6, 1857.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Houses; Lecompton buildings; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, John Brown
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: ca. 1857
Tintype protrait of John Brown, probably taken in 1857. John Brown was an abolitionist who was willing to use violence to end slavery. He followed his sons to Kansas and soon became involved in some of the violence that marked the territorial period. He was involved in the May 24, 1856, Pottawatomie Massacre in which Brown and several of his followers brutally killed five proslavery settlers near Pottawatomie Creek in Miami County. He also led free state forces at the Battle of Black Jack on June 2, 1856, and at the Battle of Osawatomie on August 30, 1856. In October 1859, Brown led an attack on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, in an effort to incite a slave rebellion. Although his plan failed and he was hanged for his actions, his radical abolitionist activity added to the growing tensions between North and South.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Marais des Cygnes Massacre
Authors: Chapin, John R.
Date: 1858
An illustration of the Marais des Cygnes Massacre in Linn County, Kansas Territory, copied from Beyond the Mississippi by Albert. D. Richardson, 1867. In May 1858, Missourians crossed the border and murdered five Free-State men. This massacre was generally viewed as the last major violent occurrence during the territorial period. The site of the massacre is now one of the Kansas State Historical Society's historic properties.

Keywords: Book illustrations; Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Firearms; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Marais des Cygnes Massacre; Massacres; Photographs and Illustrations; Proslavery activities; Violence; Violent deaths


Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas Territory
Authors: Lamon, W. H.
Date: c. 1858
A view of Lawrence, Kansas Territory, looking southeast from Mt. Oread, late 1850s or early 1860s. The photograph was taken by W. H. Lamon.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lamon, W. H.; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Stereographs


Photograph, Pike's Peak-Street in Denver City, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Between 1858 and 1860
Photograph of an illustration captioned Pike's Peak-Street in Denver, Kansas Territory. It shows buildings on both sides of the street, people, and wagons. The source for the drawing is unknown.

Keywords: Denver City, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Pike's Peak-The Leavenworth and Pike's Peak Express Company's Office, Denver City, K.T.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Between 1858 and 1860
Photograph of an illustration captioned the "Pike's Peak-The Leavenworth and Pike's Peak Express Company's Office, Denver City, K.T." The drawing shows men standing outside of the Company's office. The source for the drawing is unknown.

Keywords: Business; Denver City, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth and Pike's Peak Express Company; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Shooting of Gaius Jenkins
Authors: Unknown
Date: July 24, 1858
A page from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, July 24, 1858, showing the shooting of Gaius Jenkins by James H. Lane, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, June 3, 1858. The page also contains portraits of James H. Lane and Gaius Jenkins.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Jenkins, Gaius; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Lecompton, Kansas Territory, 1858
Authors: Beaulieu
Date: 1858
Photograph of an illustration showing the city of Lecompton, the current territorial capital of Kansas, copied from Leslie's, December 25, 1858.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1858
Authors: Beaulieu
Date: 1858
An illustration of the City of Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1858, copied from Leslie's, December 25, 1858.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Topeka, Kansas Territory, 1858
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1858
A panoramic view of Topeka, Kansas Territory, December 25, 1858, copied from Leslie's Weekly, December 25, 1858.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Cityscapes; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Leslie's Illustrated, Panoramic View of Topeka.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 25, 1858
Illustration from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, December 25, 1858, showing a panoramic view of Topeka. The scene includes businesses, homes, and a bridge crossing the Kansas River. The illustration is captioned "City of Topeka, Kansas Territory."

Keywords: Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town settlement


Leslie's Illustrated, Panoramic view of Lawrence.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 25, 1858
Illustration from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, December 25, 1858, showing a panoramic view of Lawrence. The scene includes businesses, homes, and cattle and sheep grazing on a hill overlooking Lawrence. The illustration is captioned, "City of Lawrence, Kansas Territory."

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Town settlement


Leslie's Illustrated, Panoramic View of Leavenworth
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Dec. 25th, 1858
Illustration from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, December 25, 1858, showing a panoramic view of Leavenworth. The scene shows businesses, homes, and steamboats on the Missouri River. The illustration is captioned, "City of Leavenworth, Kansas Territory."

Keywords: Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement


Leslie's Illustrated, Panoramic View of Lecompton
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 25, 1858
Illustration from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper depicting panoramic view of Lecompton. Scene includes steamboats on the Kansas River and immigrant wagons. Captioned, "City of Lecompton, Territorial Capital of Kansas."

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Immigration and early settlement; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Objects; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement


Leslie's Illustrated, Ship of the Plains at Sea.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1858
Illustration from an unknown publication, probably Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. The scene depicts wagons crossing the prairies.

Keywords: Commerce; Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Objects; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement; Transportation


Photograph, Neosho Valley Register, Burlington, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1859
A view of the Neosho Valley Register office, Burlington, Kansas Territory, 1859.

Keywords: Ambrotypes; Burlington, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Horses; Neosho Valley Register; Newspaper buildings; Newspapers; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Pike's Peak Emigrants, St. Joseph, Missouri
Authors: Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.
Date: 1859
A view of Pike's Peak emigrants in St. Joseph, Missouri., 1859. Photographed by Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.

Keywords: Bierstadt, Albert; Covered wagons; Emigration and immigration; Mules; Penton, White & Co. Pike's Peak Passenger & Freight Express Company; Photographs and Illustrations; St. Joseph, Missouri


Photograph, Wolf River Ford, Kansas Territory
Authors: Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.
Date: 1859
A view of Wolf River Ford, Kansas Territory, 1859. Photographed by Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.

Keywords: Bierstadt Bros., Photographers; Bierstadt, Albert; Fords (stream crossings); Horses; Photographs and Illustrations; Stereographs; Wolf River, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Methodist Church, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1859
View of the Methodist Church, the first church built in Atchison, Kansas Territory. It was erected in the spring of 1859, on the corner of Fifth and Parallel near the Atchison County Courthouse. Abraham Lincoln addressed the people of Atchison in this church on December 2, 1859.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Cartes de visite; Churches; Methodist Church; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Shoshone Warrior
Authors: Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.
Date: 1859
A "Shoshone Warrior Na," 1859, photographed by Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.

Keywords: Bierstadt Bros., Photographers; Bierstadt, Albert; Horses; Photographs and Illustrations; Shoshoni Indians; Stereographs


Photograph, Ford of the Little Blue, Kansas Territory
Authors: Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.
Date: 1859
A view of the "Ford of the Little Blue, Kansas," 1859, photographed by Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.

Keywords: Bierstadt Bros., Photographers; Bierstadt, Albert; Fords (stream crossings); Horses; Little Blue River, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Stereographs


Photograph, Bellemont, Kansas Territory
Authors: Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.
Date: 1859
A view of Bellemont, Kansas Territory, photographed by Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.

Keywords: Bellemont, Kansas Territory; Bierstadt Bros., Photographers; Bierstadt, Albert; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Stereographs; Wagons


Photograph, Indian Pony
Authors: Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.
Date: 1859
An "Indian Poney, Kansas," 1859, photographed by Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Bierstadt Bros., Photographers; Bierstadt, Albert; Horses; Native Americans; Photographs and Illustrations; Stereographs


Photograph, John Doy rescue party
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1859
On January 25, 1859, Dr. John Doy and his son Charles left Lawrence, Kansas Territory, for Nebraska with 13 slaves. They were captured when only twelve miles out of Lawrence and were taken to Weston, Missouri. The two Doys had an examination at Weston and were committed to jail at Platte City, Missouri for the crime of abducting slaves. They remained in jail until March 20, 1859. They were then taken to St. Joseph, Missouri, where Dr. Doy was tried. After this trial, his son Charles was set free. However, the first jury could not agree on a verdict for Dr. Doy, and he was tried a second time. At the second trial, he was convicted and sentenced to five years in the penitentiary. While being held in the St. Joseph jail he was freed by friends from Kansas on September 23, 1859. Two different ambrotypes showing the John Doy rescue party were digitized for the project. When you compared the images, you will find the men are standing in different positions.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Abolitionists; Ambrotypes; Antislavery movements; Doy rescue and trial, 1859; Doy, Charles; Doy, John; Firearms; Free state activities; Free state cause; Gardner, Joseph; Guns; Hay, George R.; Photographs and Illustrations; Pike, Joshua A.; Senix, Jacob; Simmons, Thomas; Soule, Silas Stillman


Photograph, John Doy rescue party
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1859
On January 25, 1859, Dr. John Doy and his son Charles left Lawrence, Kansas Territory, for Nebraska with 13 slaves. They were captured when only twelve miles out of Lawrence and were taken to Weston, Missouri. The two Doys had an examination at Weston and were committed to jail at Platte City, Missouri for the crime of abducting slaves. They remained in jail until March 20, 1859. They were then moved to St. Joseph, Missouri, where Dr. Doy was tried. After this trial Charles Doy was set free. However, the first jury could not agree on a verdict for Dr. Doy, and he was tried a second time. At the second trial, he was convicted and sentenced to five years in the penitentiary. While being held in the St. Joseph jail he was freed by friends from Kansas on September 23, 1859. Two different ambrotypes showing the John Doy rescue party were digitized for the project. When you compared the images, you will find the men are standing in different positions.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Abolitionists; Ambrotypes; Antislavery movements; Doy rescue and trial, 1859; Doy, Charles; Doy, John; Firearms; Free state activities; Free state cause; Gardner, Joseph; Guns; Hay, George R.; Photographs and Illustrations; Pike, Joshua A.; Senix, Jacob; Simmons, Thomas; Soule, Silas Stillman


Photograph, Paola, Kansas, 1860s
Authors: Brown's Photographic Gallery, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas
Date: c. 1860
A street scene in Paola, Kansas, 1860s. The photograph was taken by Brown's Photographic Gallery, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas.

Keywords: Brown's Photographic Gallery; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Commerce; Covered wagons; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Paola, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Transportation


Photograph, Methodist Church, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860
The Methodist Church, 523 Quincy Street, Topeka, Kansas. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Bliss, W. P.; Cartes de visite; Churches; Methodist Church; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, First Congregational Church, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860
The First Congregational Church, Topeka, Kansas, as it appeared in the 1860s. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Bliss, W. P.; Cartes de visite; Churches; Congregational churches; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, KS
Date: c. 1860
A view of Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Knight, J. Lee; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; The New River Side Gallery; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Fourth Street and Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860
A view showing the corner of Fourth Street and Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. The buildings were located north of the Gordon House. Many of them were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Bliss, W. P.; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Merchants Union Express Company; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, KS
Date: c. 1860
A view of Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas. Many of the buildings were built during Kansas' time as a territory. The photograph was taken by J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Topeka, Kansas.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Knight, J. Lee; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; The New River Side Gallery; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas


Photograph, East side of Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860
A view of the east side of Kansas Avenue from slightly north of Sixth Street, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Butcher shops; Capitol Meat Market; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Covered wagons; Feed stores; J. F. Osenburg Saddle and Harness Manufacturer; Photographs and Illustrations; Provision Feed Seed Store; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Meat Market; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860
A view looking south from Sixth Street on Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. The Topeka Drug Store was located at 607 Kansas Avenue. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Drugstores; F. W. Giles & Co.; Groceries; Grocery trade; Horses; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Drug Store; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Wagons


Photograph, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1860
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
An illustration of Leavenworth when it was six years old, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Photographs and Illustrations; Steamboats


Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas Territory
Authors: Lamon, W. H.
Date: c. 1860
A view of Massachusetts Street looking north from Henry Street, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, early 1860s. The photograph was taken by W. H. Lamon.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Covered wagons; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Horses; Lamon, W. H.; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Stereographs; Streets; Wagons


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
View of the main street showing stores and early forms of transportation, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; C. Weber & Bro's Clothing House; Cities and towns; Commerce; Covered wagons; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
View of the main street showing stores and early transportation, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
View of Atchison, Kansas Territory, looking southwest, c. 1860

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Houses; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860
View of Kansas Avenue at Fourth Street looking north, Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860
View of Commercial Street, Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860
View of a residential area between 29th and 30th Streets north of Commercial Street. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Houses; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860
View of businesses and houses in Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business on the corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Houses; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Edward Payson Fitch
Authors: Clark's Daguerreotype Rooms, No. 59 Court Street, Boston.
Date: c. 1860
Portrait of Edward Payson Fitch, a native of Massachusetts, who arrived in Kansas Territory in 1854. He was member of the third group of settlers sponsored by the New England Emigrant Aid Company. On August 21, 1863, he was killed in his house by one of Quantrill's raiders. The daguerreotype was made by Clark's Daguerreotype Rooms, No. 59 Court Street, Boston, Massachusetts.

Keywords: Daguerreotypes; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Fassett's Gallery; Fitch, Edward Payson; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Congregational Church, Osawatomie, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
Exterior view of the Congregational Church, Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. This is the oldest known photo of this church built by Rev. Samuel Adair, c. 1860.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Cartes de visite; Churches; Congregational churches; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Tintype of African American woman
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1860
Tintype of unidentified African American woman, circa 1860. This photo was passed down through generations of the Platt family. Jireh Platt was an active abolitionist in Mendon, Illinois. His sons Enoch and Luther, members of the Beecher Bible and Rifle Colony, settled in Wabaunsee County where they operated a station on the Underground Railroad. The Platts may have helped this woman escape to freedom. The fact that she is wearing a wedding ring is significant, as slaves weren't legally allowed to marry.

Keywords: Abolitionists; African Americans; Beecher Bible and Rifle Colony; Fugitive slaves; New Haven, Connecticut; Objects; Photographs and Illustrations; Platt, Enoch; Platt, Jireh; Platt, Luther H.; Underground railroad; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Lecompton, Kansas, 1861.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1861
An exterior view of the U. S. Land Office building, Lecompton, Kansas, 1861.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lecompton buildings; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; United States. General Land Office


Photograph, Charles Ransford Jennison
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Probably 1861
Charles Jennison was born in New York state in 1834 and settled in Osawatomie, Kansas Territory in 1857. He was active in the free state cause and was active in free state militia company. He was credited with several raids into Bates County, Missouri, and was part of a group that captured and hanged a proslavey supporter named Russell Hinds. He was an associate of James Montgomery. During the Civil War, he was a Colonel in the 7th Kansas Cavalry.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Border disputes and warfare - Free state perspective; Free state militia; Hinds, Russell; Jennison, Charles Ransford, 1834-1884; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Violence


Photograph, Julia Louisa Hardy Lovejoy
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Circa 1861
Julia Lovejoy and her husband Charles Haseltine Lovejoy came to Kansas in 1855. Rev. Lovejoy was the second traveling Methodist preacher in Kansas Territory. They built the first house on the Manhattan Town Company site but moved to a farm near Baldwin, Kansas Territory in 1857.

Keywords: Baldwin, Kansas Territory; Cartes de visite; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lovejoy, Julia Hardy, 1812-1882; Lovejoy, Julia Louisa (see Lovejoy, Julia Hardy); Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Women


Lane Lithograph
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1861
Lithograph of James Henry Lane, probably done shortly after he became a United States Senator.

Keywords: Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Objects; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, James H. Lane
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1861
This is a copy of an original photograph taken of Lane in New York City, 1861. James Lane was a leader of the free state cause, serving as an aid to emigrants. He was also the first United States senator for Kansas. Mrs. John Ingalls had an original of this photograph, and she loaned it to W. E. Connelley who had six copies made. Connelley presented one copy to the Kansas State Historical Society in 1912.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Free state activities; Free state supporters; Lane Trail; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Photographs and Illustrations; United States. Senate


Photograph, Samuel Lyle Adair
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Probably 1862
Samuel Adair and his wife Florella settled near Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. Adair was a minister and free state supporter. His wife was a half sister to John Brown and he occasionally stayed with the Adairs. The family was involved in various free state and relief activities.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Free state settlers; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1863
A view of Massachusetts Street looking north , Lawrence, Kansas, 1863-1864. This carte-de-visite shows buildings constructed during the Kansas territorial period.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Gale block, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1864
A view of Gale block on the east side of Kansas Avenue, between 6th and 7th Streets, Topeka, Kansas, 1863-1865. The Gale block was used by the Kansas Legislature in the 1860s. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Bliss, W. P.; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Gale block, Topeka, Kansas; Mills and mill-work; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas


Photograph, Colored Battery, Ft. Leavenworth, KS, c. 1864.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1864
Carte de visite depicting a Colored Battery positioned in front of the guard house, Ft. Leavenworth, KS, c. 1864.

Keywords: African Americans; Military; Photographs and Illustrations


Emancipation Proclamation Lithograph
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1864-1875
Lithograph of Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, printed by L. Lipman. Similar lithographs were published and sold by Martin & Judson of Madison, WI, from 1864-1875.

Keywords: Emancipation Proclamation; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1865
A view of Massachusetts Street looking south, Lawrence, Kansas, 1865-1866. This carte-de-visite shows buildings constructed during the territorial period of Kansas history.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Horses; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons


Photograph, Office of the Union Pacific Railway Co. Eastern Division, Wyandotte, Kansas, 1867
Authors: Gardner, Alexander , 1821-1882; Gardner's Photographic Art Gallery, 511 Seventh Street, Washington.
Date: 1867
A view of the Union Pacific Railway Co. Eastern Division office, Wyandotte, Kansas, 1867. It is part of a series titled Across the Continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division. The photograph was taken by Alexander Gardner, Gardner's Photographic Art Gallery, 511 Seventh Street, Washington. This is the building where the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention was supposedly held.

Keywords: Gardner's Photographic Art Gallery; Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882; Kansas City, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Railroads; Stereographs; Union Pacific Railway Company Eastern Division; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, John Ritchie
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Between 1870 and 1887
Portrait of John Ritchie, Topeka, Kansas Territory, active in the anti-slavery movement. He helped runaway slaves as they passed through Topeka. Ritchie was a delegate to the Leavenworth and Wyandotte Constitutional Conventions.

Keywords: Cartes de visite; Photographs and Illustrations; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Underground railroad


Photograph, Ellen Denison Goodnow
Authors: Bushby & Hart, photographers
Date: 1872
Ellen Denison Goodnow was the wife of Isaac Goodnow. They settled near Manhattan, Riley County, Kansas Territory. They were free state supporters and she is mentioned frequently in his diaries.

Keywords: Bushby & Hart, photographers; Cabinet photographs; Free state supporters; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Riley County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Frederick Douglass
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Between 1878 and 1880
Portrait of Frederick Douglass, an African-American leader in the abolitionist movement, speaker, and author.

Keywords: Abolitionists; African Americans; Cartes de visite; Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895; Photographs and Illustrations


Harper's Weekly, Exoduster Illustrations
Authors: Worrall, Henry
Date: July 5, 1879
Illustrations from Harper's Weekly magazine depicting Exodusters. As life in the South worsened for Blacks after the Civil War, many left for more promising lands. Thousands came to Kansas in a great exodus (hence the name "Exodusters") during the 1870s, attracted by the state's free-state reputation established during the territorial era. These three illustrations are captioned, "The Colored Exodus - - Scenes at Topeka, Kansas - - From Sketches by H. Worrall." Worrall was an early Kansas artist.

Keywords: African Americans; Exodusters; Immigration and early settlement; Objects; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement; Topeka, Kansas; Worrall, Henry


Photograph, Alfred Gray
Authors: Leonard & Martin, artists
Date: 
Alfred Gray was a resident of Quindaro, Kansas Territory and an attorney. He was involved in a number of land and other business dealings. This photograph of Gray was taken after the territorial period in 1882.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Gray, Alfred; Lawyers; Leonard & Martin, artists; Photographs and Illustrations; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Stone house built by Augustus Wattles
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1940
Ruins of a stone house built by Augustus Wattles, Linn County, Kansas Territory, 1857-1859. John Brown wrote his "Parallels" in this house. The photograph was taken c. 1940.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Houses; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Wattles, Augustus


Photograph, Joel Walker
Authors: Leonard
Date: 
Joel Walker was involved with the Quindaro Town Company as well as being a free state supporter.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Leonard; Photographs and Illustrations; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Walker, Joel; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, John C. Vaughan
Authors: Aldrich's Studio
Date: 
John C. Vaughn came to Leavenworth, Kansas Territory in 1859. He served as the editor and publisher of the Leavenworth Times.

Keywords: Aldrich's Studio; Cabinet photographs; Journalism; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Times; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Photographs and Illustrations; Vaughan, John C.


Photograph, Franklin Loomis Crane
Authors: Phillips, Wendell
Date: undated
Franklin Crane was a prominent citizen in Topeka, Kansas Territory. He was a member of the Topeka Association and he helped to build the first bridge across the Kansas River from Topeka. He also established the Topeka Cemetery and served as director of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad beginning in 1860. This picture was most likely taken after the territorial period.

Keywords: Businessmen; Cartes de visite; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Photographs and Illustrations; Topeka Association; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas


Photograph, Horace Greeley
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Horace Greeley was editor of the New York Tribune during the Kansas territorial era. He actively supported the free state cause in Kansas through editorials as well as coming to Kansas in 1859. He advocated resistance to the implementation of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and was involved in the founding of the Republican Party.

Keywords: Free state cause; Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; Journalists; Newspapers; Photographs and Illustrations; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )


Photograph of William Riley Griffith
Authors: Leonard, 613 Kansas Ave., Topeka, KS.
Date: 
Griffith was a free state supporter living in Marmaton, Bourbon County. He was a delegate to the Topeka and Wyandotte Constitutional Conventions and was on the Free-State central committee.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Constitutional conventions; Free state cause; Griffith, William Riley; Photographs and Illustrations; Topeka Constitution; Wyandotte Constitution


Photograph, John Calhoun
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Calhoun was the Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska Territories. He was an active Democrat and served as President of the Lecompton Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Calhoun, John; Democratic Party (U.S.); Lecompton Constitutional Convention, September 1857; Photographs and Illustrations; Surveyor General (see United States. Surveyor General)


Photograph, Isaac T. Goodnow
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Isaac Goodnow was an early resident of Manhattan and was a free state supporter. He was a delegate to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention and was one of the founders of Bluemont College.

Keywords: Free state settlers; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Riley County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Abelard Guthrie
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Abelard Guthrie was a member of the Wyandot tribe through his marriage to his wife Quindaro Nancy. He was elected as the Wyandot delegate to Congress in 1852. He was involved in the development of the town of Quindaro and had business dealing with numerous early territorial settlers.

Keywords: Guthrie, Abelard; Photographs and Illustrations; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Wyandot Indians; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, John A. Halderman
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Halderman grew up in Kentucky and was trained as a lawyer. He came to Kansas Territory in 1854 and served as the personal secretary to the first territorial governor Andrew Reeder. In 1855, he served as secretary to the first territorial council. He ultimately separated himself from the pro-slavery Lecompton movement. He was the first probate judge of Leavenworth County. He served as a major of the First Kansas volunteers during the Civil War and lived most of the rest of his life in Leavenworth.

Keywords: Halderman, John Adams; Kansas Territory. Council; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Reader, A. H.


Photograph, James Hanway
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
James Hanway was active in free state activities. He was a friend of John Brown and served in John Brown, Jr.'s militia company. He was a delegate to the Wyandotte Constitutional convention.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, John, Jr.; Hanway, James; Photographs and Illustrations; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859


Photograph, Thomas Wentworth Higginson
Authors: Notman Photo Co.
Date: 
Thomas Wentworth Higginson was an ardent Northern abolitionist. He also served as an agent for the Massachusetts Kansas Aid Committee, procuring rifles, powder, cartridges and other materials for free state settlers in Kansas. He was from Worcester, Massachusetts, but he made a trip to Kansas in 1856.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Free state supporters; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Massachusetts; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Cyrus Kurtz Holliday
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Cyrus Kurtz Holliday came to Kansas Territory from Meadville, Pennsylvania. He was the first president of the Topeka Town Association and was involved in founding and settling Topeka. He was an agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company. He was very active in territorial political activities including the Topeka movement. He was a delegate to the Topeka Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Willaim Hutchinson
Authors: Clinedinst Photography
Date: 
William Hutchinson served as secretary of the Kansas Central Committee and assisted with efforts to send emigrant parties and relief to Kansas Territory. He settled in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. He served as a delegate to the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state supporters; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Kansas Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Thaddeus Hyatt was an abolitionist and served as head of the National Kansas Committee in 1856. He was also involved in efforts to provide relief to settlers in 1860.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Free state supporters; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Photographs and Illustrations; Relief


Photograph, John Brown
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Brown was an abolitionist who was willing to use violence to end slavery. He followed his sons to Kansas and soon became involved in some of the violence that marked the territorial period. He was involved in the May 24, 1856, Pottawatomie Massacre in which Brown and several of his followers brutally killed five proslavery settlers near Pottawatomie Creek in Miami County. He also led free state forces at the Battle of Black Jack on June 2, 1856, and at the Battle of Osawatomie on August 30, 1856. In October 1859, Brown led an attack on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, in an effort to incite a slave rebellion. Although his plan failed and he was hanged for his actions, his radical abolitionist activity added to the growing tensions between North and South.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Gaius Jenkins
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Gaius Jenkins was born in New York state in 1812. He and his wife came to Kansas City, Missouri in 1853. He moved to Lawrence, Kansas Territory, in 1854 and was active in the free state cause, serving as a Colonel in the Free State Militia. He was taken prisoner along with John Brown, Jr.; Charles Robinson and several others and held near Lecompton. He was killed in Lawrence on June 3, 1858, by James Lane over a land dispute.

Keywords: Ambrotypes; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state militia; Jenkins, Gaius; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Prisoners


Photograph, John Tecumseh Jones
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Tecumseh Jones was part Ottawa Indians and served as an interpreter for the Ottawa Indians. He was known as Tauy Jones or Ottawa Jones. He was also supportive of the free state cause and his home was the target of proslavery forces.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Free state supporters; Jones, John Tecumseh (Tauy); Native Americans; Ottawa Indians; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, J. Lee Knight
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
J. Lee Knight was a photographer. He owned the New River Side Galley in Topeka, Kansas Territory and took some of the photographs of Topeka included in this project.

Keywords: Knight, J. Lee; Photographers; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Alfred Larzalere
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Alfred Larsalere of Doniphan County was active in free state politics including serving as speaker of the Kansas House in 1859 and a a delegate to the Leavenworth constitutional convention. He also was a member of the Free State Central committee.

Keywords: Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Free state supporters; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Larzalere, Alfred; Leavenworth Constitution; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Oscar E. Learnard
Authors: Mettner Studios of Lawrence
Date: 
Oscar E. Learnard came to Kansas from Vermont in the fall of 1855. He first settled in Lawrence, Kansas Territory, but later was one of the founders of Burlington in Coffey County, Kansas Territory in the spring of 1857. He served on the territorial council. He was president of the May 18, 1859, convention at Osawatimie where the Republican Part was organized. This photograph was taken later in his life by Mettner's Studio, Lawrence, Kansas.

Keywords: Burlington, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Photographs and Illustrations; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )


Photograph, Johnston Lykins
Authors: Williams and Thomson
Date: 
Dr. Johnston Lykins was involved with the emigration of American Indians to the area that became Kansas Territory. He was involved with Baptist schools for the Pottawatomie and the Shawnee. During the territorial period, he was involved with the land claims of various Native Americans and specifically the

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Cartes de visite; Lykins, Johnston; Native Americans; Photographs and Illustrations; Wyandot Float


Photograph, Robert McBratney
Authors: Colville, Photographer
Date: 
Robert McBratney was a native of Ohio who moved to Kansas Territory in 1857. He originally settled in Atchison and owned half of the Squatter Sovereign. The other half was owned by Samuel Pomeroy and Thaddeus Hyatt and under their ownership it became a free state newspaper. He was involved in railroad development in Kansas Territory. In 1861, he moved to Junction City where he had been named register of the land office.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; McBratney, Robert; Newspapers; Newspapers - Free State; Photographs and Illustrations; Squatter Sovereign


Photograph, Peter McVicar
Authors: Snyder, Photographer
Date: 
Peter McVicar came to Kansas in 1860 from Maine. He was the first pastor of the Topeka Congregational Church. He later served as president of Washburn College

Keywords: Congregationalists; McVicar, Peter; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Samuel Medary
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Samuel Medary served as territorial governor of Kansas from December 20, 1859 until December 10, 1860. He was a friend of Stephen douglas and a Jocksonian Democrat. He supported the nomination of James Polk for the presidency. Prior to his service in Kansas, he was the territorial governor in Minnesota from 1857 to 1858. He was born in Pennsylvania but spent most of his life in Ohio.

Keywords: Kansas Territory. Governor; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Josiah Miller
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Although born in South Carolina, Josiah Miller was a free state supporter. He attended college in Indiana and law school in New York. He came to Kansas in 1854 and on January 5, 1855, established the Kansas Free State newspaper in Lawrence. The newspaper office was destroyed by order of the territorial government on May 21, 1856 because is was deemed a nuisance. He was capturned by Buford's proslavery forces and was tried for treason against the state of South Carolina. He supported John C. Fremont. In 1857, he was elected probate judge of Douglas County, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Courts; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state supporters; Journalists; Judges; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Newspaper publishing; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Bishop John Baptist Miege (copied from a painting)
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Baptist Miege was the first Catholic Bishop of Kansas.

Keywords: Catholic Church; Churches; Miege, John Baptist; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, James Montgomery
Authors: Leonard & Martin, artists
Date: 
James Montogomery came to Linn County, Kansas Territory, early in the territorial period after living in Ohio, Kentucky and Missouri. He was active in the free state cause and was involved in most of the conflict between pro-slavery and free state forces in that area. He was ordered off his property but refused to leave the area. He raised a militia troop that was active in 1857.

Keywords: Free state militia; Free state supporters; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Militia; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Rev. Ephraim Nute
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1860s
Portrait of Rev. Ephraim Nute. He was a Unitarian minister in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Nute served as chaplain for the Territorial Legislature at Lecompton and was a chaplain for the First Regiment of the Kansas Volunteers.

Keywords: Nute, Ephraim; Photographs and Illustrations; Unitarian churches


Photograph, Abraham Lincoln
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1850s
A portrait of Abraham Lincoln. In December 1859, Lincoln traveled to the Kansas Territory and spoke at Elwood, Troy, Doniphan, Atchison, and Leavenworth. His speeches covered several issues including preventing the expansion of slavery, the theory of popular sovereignty, and the evils of states seceding from the Union. In 1860, Lincoln received the Republican party's nomination for president. Although Kansans liked him the delegation from the territory did not support his nomination. He won the election, and on February 22, 1861, at Independence Hall, Philadelphia, PA, Lincoln raised the United States flag bearing a 34th star, honoring Kansas as the newest state.

Keywords: Cartes de visite; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, John James Ingalls
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1858
A portrait of John James Ingalls. He came to the Kansas Territory in the late 1850s. Ingalls, a lawyer and politician, represented Atchison County at the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July, 1859. In January, 1860 and 1861, he was an officer of the council when the legislature met at Lecompton. At the Republican Convention at Lawrence, April, 1860, Ingalls was elected to represent the Kansas Territory at the Chicago National Convention. He later served in the Kansas and the United States Senate.

Keywords: Ambrotypes; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Henry Miles Moore
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1855
A portrait of Henry Miles Moore. He was a member of the Leavenworth Town Company, a representative to the Free-State Conventions at Topeka and Grasshopper Falls, 1857, and a member of the 1857 Territorial Legislature. At the Democratic Convention held in Atchison, March, 1860, Moore was appointed a delegate to the Charleston National Convention.

Keywords: Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Photographs and Illustrations; Tintypes


Photograph, James H. Noteware
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1856
A portrait of James H. Noteware. He served as territorial superintendent of schools from March 1850 to December 1858.

Keywords: Noteware, James H.; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Marcus J. Parrott
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857
A portrait of Marcus J. Parrott, a lawyer and politician from Leavenworth. He was a member of the Topeka Constitutional Convention, 1855. In 1857, Parrott was a delegate to the Free-State Conventions at Topeka, Centropolis, and Grasshopper Falls. In 1857 and 1859, he was elected the Kansas Territorial delegate in Congress.

Keywords: Engravings; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, William Addison Phillips
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857
Portrait of William Addison Phillips, an author, lawyer, journalist and politician. In 1857, Phillips attended the Constitution Convention at Topeka and the Free State Conventions at Centropolis, Lawrence, and Grasshopper Falls. He founded the town of Salina in April, 1858. In that same month and year, Phillips was nominated at the Topeka Free-State Convention under the Leavenworth Constitution to serve as a supreme court judge. He attended the Convention at Osawatomie and the Republican State Convention at Lawrence in 1859. Phillips served in the Kansas Volunteer Regiments and rose to the rank of colonel. From March 4, 1873 to March 3, 1875 Phillips was an at large representative to the United States Congress and from March 4, 1875 to March 3, 1879 he represented the First District.

Keywords: Nichols, A. C.; Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Samuel Clarke Pomeroy
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c.1860
A portrait of Samuel Clarke Pomeroy, businessman and politician. In 1859, he attended the Convention at Osawatomie and the Republican Convention at Lawrence. Pomeroy was elected president of the Kansas Relief Committee in November, 1860. After statehood, he served as United States Senator from April 4, 1861 to March 3, 1873.

Keywords: Anthony, E.; Cartes de visite; Photographs and Illustrations; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891


Photograph, Andrew Horatio Reeder
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856
A portrait of Andrew Horatio Reeder taken in May, 1856, as he escaped from Kansas disguised as a woodchopper. The photograph was taken in Chicago, IL. He was appointed to Territorial Governor June 29, 1854, took the oath July 7; arrived in Kansas October 7, 1854;and served to April 17, 1855; June 23 to August 16, 1855. In 1854, Reeder called for an election to choose a delegate to Congress. On election day, Missourians came in great numbers and, voting illegally, elected a proslavery candidate. This same situation occurred in March, 1855, when an election was called to form a legislature. Early in 1856, Lecompton was designated the territorial capital. Sheriff Samuel Jones, a strong proslaveryite, arrested several free-staters in Lawrence. Several people for whom he was looking escaped including Reeder, who left Kansas dressed as a woodchopper.

Keywords: Card photographs; Photographs and Illustrations; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864


Photograph, Charles Robinson
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
A portrait of Charles Robinson, a doctor and politician. He attended the first Free-State meeting held December 23, 1854, Lawrence. In 1855, Robinson attended the First Free-State Convention in Lawrence. Robinson and James H Lane were instrumental in negotiating a truce to end the Wakarusa War in December, 1855. On May 10, 1856, Robinson was arrested for treason and taken to Lecompton. Over a year later, he was acquitted at a trail before Judge Cato, at Lecompton. Robinson presided over the Free-State Convention at Lawrence, 1857. Charles Robinson became the first Governor of Kansas and served from February 9, 1861 to January 12, 1863.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Photographs and Illustrations; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Tucker, E. S.


Photograph, Edward Russell
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1865
Portrait of Edward Russell, a newspaperman and politician. He came to Kansas in 1856, where he located at Elwood, in Doniphan county. Shortly after moving to Kansas, Russell started a newspaper that espoused the free-state side. In August, 1858, he lobbied Doniphan county citizens against the Lecompton Constitution. In that same year, Russell, D. W. Wilder and others founded a free-state paper. He later served in the Kansas legislature and held several state offices.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Hamilton, A. C.; Photographs and Illustrations; Russell, Edward


Photograph, Sara Tappan Doolittle (Mrs. Charles) Robinson
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1857
Portrait of Sara Tappan Doolittle Robinson, author, Free-State activist, and wife of Charles Robinson. This photograph was copied from an ambrotype taken in 1857.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Photographs and Illustrations; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Tucker, E. S.


Photograph, William H. Russell
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
Portrait of William H. Russell, proslavery man and businessman. In the winter of 1858-59 Russell, Alexander Majors, and William Waddell, in connection with John Jones founded the Leavenworth and Pike's Peak Express Company, a freight and stage company. It ran from Leavenworth to Denver, CO. The company operated until February, 1860, when it became Central Overland California & Pike's Peak Express Company. In 1860, Russell along with his partners Majors and Waddell, created the first Pony Express. It covered 2,000 miles connecting St. Joseph, MO, with the state of California.

Keywords: Card photographs; Photographs and Illustrations; Pony express; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell); Willis Photography


Photograph, Samuel Walker
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
Copy of a portrait showing Samuel Walker, Free-State and military leader. On August 16, 1856, Capt. Samuel Walker led an attack on the fortified house of Col. Titus, near Lecompton, captured 20 prisoners and burned the house. He was the captain of a Free-State infantry company at Lawrence. In February, 1858, he executed a search warrant and found the candle-box filled with election returns from Delaware Crossing. The box was buried by Gen. L. A. Maclean. Walker served as sheriff of Douglas county and deputy U. S. marshal.

Keywords: Photographs and Illustrations; Walker, Samuel Douglas


Photograph, John Greenleaf Whittier
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
Portrait of John Greenleaf Whittier, poet and Free-State supporter. In September, 1858, he published a poem in the Atlantic Monthly titled "Le marais Du Cygne", telling the story of the Marais des Cygnes massacre.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Charles Taber & Co.; Photographs and Illustrations; Poetry; Whittier, John Greenleaf


Photograph, Thomas John Wood
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
Portrait of Captain Thomas John Wood, U.S. Army, First Cavalry station at Fort Scott in 1858. Wood and a deputy U.S. marshall arrested members of Colonel Harvey's Free-State party after the Battle of Hickory Point. The captives are taken to Lecompton where they were imprisoned and charged with murder. About 20 of Harvey's soldiers were tried, convicted, and sentenced.

Keywords: Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Hickory Point, Battle of; Photographs and Illustrations; Wood, Thomas J.


Photograph, Franklin Pierce
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857
Portrait of Franklin Pierce, President of the United States from 1853-1857.

Keywords: Engravings; Photographs and Illustrations; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869


Photograph, Edward Everett Hale
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1859
Portrait of Edward Everett Hale, author and member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. He authored the first book on Kansas, " Kanzas and Nebraska: The History, Geographical and Physical Characteristics, and Political Position of those Territories; an Account of the Emigrant Aid Companies and Directions to Emigrants".

Keywords: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations


Leslie's Illustrated, Lecompton and Lawrence
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Dec. 25th, 1858
Brief descriptions of territorial towns Lawrence and Lecompton, published in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly Newspaper in 1858. The article mentions constuction of a state capital in Lecompton and the destruction of the Free State Hotel in Lawrence.

Keywords: Free State Hotel; Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Objects; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement


Photograph, Denver City, K.T.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 15, 1860
Photograph of an illustration captioned "The Kansas Gold Region-View of Auraria and Denver City, Cherry Creek, near Long's Peak." The drawing was made by Col. D. H. Huyett and was published in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, December 15, 1860.

Keywords: Denver City, Kansas Territory; Huyett, D. H.; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Andrew H. Reeder
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Portrait of Andrew H. Reeder, first governor of the Kansas Territory. Reeder was commissioned June 29, 1854 and took the oath July 7, 1854. He arrived in Kansas on October 7, 1854 and served to April 17, 1855 and again from June 23 to August 16, 1855.

Keywords: Kansas Territory. Governor; Photographs and Illustrations; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Territorial government


Photograph, Benjamin Stringfellow
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1880
Portrait of Benjamin Stringfellow, attorney and Pro-slavery activist. In 1838, he settled in Missouri where Stringfellow served in the house of representatives and was attorney general for four years. After moving to Weston, MO, he became a member and officer of the Platte County Self-Defensive Association, an aggressive Pro-Slavery organization. He wrote a pamphlet entitled "Negro Slavery No Evil, or the North and the South". In 1858 Stringfellow moved to Atchison, Kansas Territory, where he helped build the town and was an attorney for the Kansas City, St. Joseph & Council Bluffs Railroad.

Keywords: Photographs and Illustrations; Platte County Self-Defensive Association; Proslavery activities; Proslavery support; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.


Photograph, Samuel J. Reader
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1854
Samuel J. Reader was a participant in some of the free state activities. He wrote about his efforts in his diary, including descriptions of the Battles of Indianola and Hickory Point. He also used the diary as the basis for an autobiography which he illustrated with drawings and water colors. He lived in Shawnee County, Kansas Territory. His accounts also describe daily life. Samuel J. Reader copied this photograph from a daguerreotype taken at La Harpe, Hancock County, IL, March 1, 1854. He was 18 years old.

Keywords: Free state supporters; Indianola, Battle of; Indianola, Kansas Territory; Militia; Photographs and Illustrations; Reader, Samuel James; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Free State Meeting!
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 1, 1855
Photograph of a broadside announcing the election of delegates to a District Convention where delegates will be chosen to attend the Kansas Free State Convention at Lawrence. The announcement was "by order of the Kansas Free State Executive Committee, C. K. Holliday, Ch'n 3d dist. Ex. Com., Topeka, Dec. 1, 55."

Keywords: Broadsides; Free State Convention; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Photographs and Illustrations


Portrait, Marian Brown Hand
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Marian Brown Hand was a sister of Florella Brown Adair and a half sister to John Brown. Her parents were Owen and Sally Root Brown. From her home in Ohio, she corresponded with Florella and her family after they moved to Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Hand, Marian S.; Ohio; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, James S. Emery
Authors: Bowman, photographer
Date: 
James Stanley Emery had a law practice in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. He was associated with the New England Emigrant Aid Company, but he also worked as a journalist for the New York Daily Times. He was involved in numerous free state activities both in Kansas and in the East.

Keywords: Bowman, photographer; Cabinet photographs; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emery, James Stanley; Free state supporters; Journalists; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lawyers; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Thomas Ewing, Jr.
Authors: Brady's National Portrait Galleries
Date: 
Thomas Ewing, Jr. moved to Kansas Territory in 1856 and established a law practice in Leavenworth. He was an active free state supporter and a delegate at the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He had numerous business and land interests. He was one of James H. Lane's attorney's in his trial concerning the death of Gaius Jenkins.

Keywords: Brady's National Portrait Galleries; Cartes de visite; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Free state activities; Free state supporters; Lawyers; Leavenworth Constitution; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Charles A. Foster
Authors: Skinner, photographer
Date: 
Charles A. Foster was a delegate to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He came to Kansas from Massachusetts.

Keywords: Card photographs; Foster, Charles A.; Leavenworth Constitution; Photographs and Illustrations; Skinner, photographer


Photograph, John C. Fremont
Authors: Brady's National Portrait Galleries
Date: 
In 1856, John C. Fremont was the first presidential candidate for the newly formed Republican party, which endorsed an antislavery platform. He served in the U.S. Topographical Corps and participated in a number of expeditions that explored the "West." He played a controversial role in the conquest of California, and he served as a Major General during the Civil War.

Keywords: Antislavery; Brady's National Portrait Galleries; Cartes de visite; Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890; Photographs and Illustrations; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )


Photograph, Joseph Gardner
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Joseph Gardner was a free state supporter and a member of the group that rescued Dr. John Doy in September, 1859. Dr. Doy had been convicted in Missouri of abducting slaves but he was freed from his cell in a St. Joseph, Missouri, jail by Gardner and others.

Keywords: Doy rescue and trial, 1859; Free state supporters; Gardner, Joseph; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, John W. Geary
Authors: Draper & Husted, photographers
Date: 
John Walker Geary served as the third Governor of Kansas Territory from September 9, 1856 to March 12, 1857.

Keywords: Card photographs; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Fry W. Giles
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Fry W. Giles was a free state supporter who settled in Topeka. He was one of the promoters of the Topeka Movement.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Giles, Frye W.; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Topeka, Kansas


Photograph, Joel Kishler Goodin
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Joel Kishler Goodin was a active participant in the Topeka Movement. He served as clerk of the House of Representatives that met in Topeka and also as secretary of the Executive Committee. He was a delegate to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention where he promoted the adoption of the Topeka Constitution.

Keywords: Free state legislature; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Goodin, Joel Kishler; Leavenworth Constitution; Photographs and Illustrations; Topeka Constitution; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement)


Photograph, George W. Deitzler
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
George W. Deitzler was a free state supporter and resident of Lawrence, Kansas Territory. He was an officer in the Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box. He was also part of a free state group, along with Charles Robinson and John Brown, Jr., that was arrested and held prisoner near Lecompton. He was active in social activities in Lawrence.

Keywords: Cartes de visite; Deitzler, George W.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Free state supporters; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement)


Photograph, Lucian Eastin
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Lucian Eastin was a proslavery supporter. He was the head of the proslavery militia and the editor of the Herald in Leavenworth, Kansas Territory for a period of time. This image is a copy from a painting.

Keywords: Eastin, Lucian J.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Militia; Photographs and Illustrations; Proslavery activities; Proslavery supporters


Photograph, James W. Denver
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
James W. Denver was the seventh Territorial Governor, serving from May 12 to July 3 and July 30 through October, 1858. He also served as acting Governor from December 21, 1857 through May 12, 1858. This photograph was taken some time after his service as Territorial Governor.

Keywords: Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Addison Danford
Authors: Jacoby
Date: 
Addison Danford was a free state supporter and served as a delegate to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. At the time, he lived in Linn County. He moved to Fort Scott, Bourbon County, and served as Adjutant General of Kansas after the Civil War.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Danford, Addison; Jacoby; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Salmon P. Chase
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Salmon P. Chase was the Governor of Ohio from 1855 to 1860. As an attorney, he defended fugitive slaves and was active in the antislavery and free soil movements. He later served as Secretary of the Treasury under Abraham Lincoln. This image was taken later in his life.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Cabinet photographs; Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873; Free Soil Party; Ohio; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Charles Chadwick
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 


Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Chadwick, Charles; Photographs and Illustrations; Quindaro, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Austin G. Carpenter
Authors: Wertz, G., proprietor of Kansas City Photograph Rooms
Date: 
Austin G. Carpenter was an early resident of Allen County, Kansas Territory. He was part of a committee that reported on conditions related to the drought in 1860. He later served as a First Lieutenant, Company D, 9th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry,

Keywords: Allen County, Kansas Territory; Carpenter, A. G.; Cartes de visite; Photographs and Illustrations; Wertz, G., Kansas City Photograph Rooms


Photograph, Rev. John H. Byrd
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Rev. John H. Byrd was active in efforts to secure aid for residents of Kansas Territory who were suffering from the drought in 1860. He lived in Lawrence, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Byrd, J. H.; Card photographs; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Owen Brown
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Owen Brown was one of John Brown's sons. He, along with his brothers John Jr., Jason, Frederick, and Salmon settled on Pottawatomie Creek near Osawatomie in Miami County, Kansas Territory, in February, 1855.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Owen; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Orville C. Brown
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Orville C. Brown was an early settler and founder of Osawatomie. He actively sought to develop the town by building a common school and by obtaining a printing press. He was involved in free state activities and in efforts to raise funds for relief. His house was burned down during the battle of Osawatomie. This photo was taken later in his life.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Card photographs; Free state supporters; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, John Brown, Jr.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Brown, Jr. was one of John Brown's sons. He came to Kansas in February 1855 along with his brothers Jason, Owen, Salmon, and Frederick and settled near Osawatomie. He was involved in numerous free state activities and, for a time, was one of the free state prisoners held near Lecompton. He also served as the commander of a free state militia company.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Brown, John, Jr.; Free state supporters; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Tintypes


Photograph, Jeremiah Root Brown
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Jeremiah Root Brown was the brother of Florella Brown Adair and the half brother of John Brown. He did not settle in Kansas but tried to support his relatives who lived here during the territorial era.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Brown, Jeremiah; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Daguerreotypes; Ohio; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Jason Brown
Authors: Leonard & Martin, artists
Date: 
Jason Brown was one of John Brown's sons. He came to Kansas in February 1855 along with his brothers John Jr, Owen, Salmon, and Frederick and settled near Osawatomie. He was involved in numerous free state activities. This image is from later in his life.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Brown, Jason; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Cabinet photographs; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Colonel Albert Gallatin Boone
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Albert G. Boone was a resident of Westport, Missouri and was a pro-slavery supporter. He served as U. S. Indian Agent for the Cheyenne, Arapahoe, Kiowa, Comanche and Plains Apache tribes from 1859 through 1861. He was a grandson of Daniel Boone.

Keywords: Boone, Albert G.; Photographs and Illustrations; Proslavery supporters; Westport, Missouri


Photograph, George M. Beebe
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
George M. Beebe served as territorial secretary from July to December 1860 and as acting Territorial Governor from December 17, 1860 to February 9, 1861.

Keywords: Beebe, George Monroe; Cabinet photographs; Kansas Territory. Governor; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Carmi William Babcock
Authors: Fassett's Gallery
Date: 
Carmi Babcock was an active free state supporter and early resident of Lawrence. He was a lawyer and a banker, as well as being the first postmaster of Lawrence and the second mayor of the city. He was involved in Lawrence civic and social activities.

Keywords: Babcock, Carmi William; Cartes de visite; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Fassett's Gallery; Free state supporters; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Postal service


Photograph, David Rice Atchison
Authors: Whitehurst, Jessie H.
Date: 1850
David Rice Atchison was a proslavery leader from Missouri. He represented that state in the U.S. Senate from 1843 to 1855. He was involved in various aspects of the territorial conflict, allegedly riding with the raiders who sacked Lawrence in 1856. The town of Atchison and Atchison County were named for him.

Keywords: Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Daguerreotypes; Missouri; Photographs and Illustrations; Proslavery supporters; Whitehurst, Jessie H.


Photograph, Florella Brown Adair
Authors: Snyder & Steinhoff
Date: 
Florella Brown Adair was the wife of Samuel Lyle Adair and the half sister of John Brown. She settled near Osawatomie with her husband who was a Congregational minister. She and her husband were free state supporters. The identification on the photograph indicates this is an enlargement of a small photograph taken in 1862.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Cabinet photographs; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Snyder & Steinhoff; Women


Photograph, Charles Stores Adair
Authors: J. P. Marshall & Co.
Date: 
Charles Adair was the son of Samuel Lyle and Florella Brown Adair. They lived near Osawatomie, Lykins County, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Cartes de visite; J. P. Marshall & Co.; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, William Frederick Milton Arny
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
W. F. M. Arny was active in numerous territorial Kansas activities, serving as a general agent for the National Kansas Committee and as a delegate to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He was a member of the 1858 territorial legislature and the Topeka legislature.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Free state supporters; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; National Kansas Committee; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Gustave Colton
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Gustavus A. Colton was the speaker of the Territorial House of Representatives in 1860. He also served as assistant secretary of the Council from 1857 to 1858. He held numerous other elected and appointed offices.

Keywords: Colton, Gustavus A.; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, James B. Abbott
Authors: Downing, George
Date: 
James B. Abbott was involved in various free state activities and in some of the territorial conflicts. He acquired the so-called "abbott howitzer" in Kansas City and participated in the rescues of both John Doy and Jacob Branson. He was involved in the Battle of Black Jack and was acquainted with John Brown. He lived in Desoto.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Branson rescue (1855); Cabinet photographs; Doy rescue and trial, 1859; Free state activities; Free state supporters; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Franklin G. Adams
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
F. G. Adams was a member of the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He also served as an election judge for the second vote on the Lecompton Constitution, living in Atchison at the time. In 1875, he became the first secretary of the Kansas State Historical Society.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Cabinet photographs; Constitutions; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Joseph Pomeroy Root
Authors: Langhorne, photographer
Date: 
Joseph Pomeroy Root was a resident of Wyandotte. He was involved in the free state cause, including recruiting members of the Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box and working for the National Kansas Committee. He served as the first Lieutenant Governor of the state of Kansas.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Free state supporters; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Photographs and Illustrations; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Florella Brown Adair
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Florella Brown Adair was the wife of Samuel Lyle Adair and the half sister of John Brown. She settled near Osawatomie with her husband who was a Congregational minister. She and her husband were free state supporters.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Card photographs; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Women


Photograph, Edmund Gibson Ross
Authors: Cobb
Date: 
Edmund Gibson Ross was active in Kansas territorial politics and served as a delegate to the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention. He and his brother William W. were editors of the Kansas Tribune in Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas Territory. He later served as the U. S. Senator from Kansas from 1866 to 1871,

Keywords: Card photographs; Journalism; Journalists; Newspaper publishing; Photographs and Illustrations; Ross, Edmund G. (Edmund Gibson), 1826-1907; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte Constitution


Photograph, Albert Dwight Searl
Authors: Storm, F. D.
Date: 
Albert Dwight Searl was a surveyor and map maker in Kansas Territory. He was a resident of Lawrence, Douglas County, Kansas Territory. This image was taken a number of years after the territorial era.

Keywords: Card photographs; Cartographers; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Searl, Albert D.; Storm, F. D.; Surveyors


Photograph, William H. Seward
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
William H. Seward represented New York in the U. S. Senate during the territorial era. He was a strong anti-slavery advocate and opposed the Kansas Nebraska bill. He visited Kansas Territory in 1860.

Keywords: Antislavery; Cabinet photographs; New York; Photographs and Illustrations; Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872; United States. Congress. Senate


Photograph, Wilson Shannon
Authors: Martin, H. T.
Date: 
Wilson Shannon was commissioned to serve as governor of Kansas Territory on August 10, 1855. He was sworn in on September 7, 1855 and served until June 24, 1856. He took a second oath of office on June 13, 1856 and served from July 7 until August 18, 1856. He was generally viewed as a proslavery partisan, but he took the initiative to end the Wakarusa War when he first became territorial governor.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Kansas Territory. Governor; Martin, H. T.; Photographs and Illustrations; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855


Photograph, George Luther Stearns
Authors: Pach Brothers
Date: 
George Luther Stearns lived in Boston, Massachusetts, and was a supporter of the free state cause. He was a member of the National Kansas Committee and president of the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee. He donated money to the cause and helped raise funds and arms, and he lent his support to John Brown for the raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Free state cause; Massachusetts; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; National Kansas Committee; Pach Brothers; Photographs and Illustrations; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867


Photograph, John E. Stewart
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John E. Stewart was a free state supporter and was active in a number of the territorial confrontations between free state supporters and proslavery supporters. He also helped slaves to escape on the Underground Railroad. Stewart was listed on the Free State ticket as running for the Territorial House of Representatives for Douglas County in May 1858.

Keywords: Cartes de visite; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elections; Free state activities; Free state supporters; Photographs and Illustrations; Stewart, John E.


Photograph, Thomas N. Stinson
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Thomas N. Stinson, an Indian trader, was a resident of Tecumseh, Kansas Territory. He was a promoter for the town of Tecumseh. He had been adopted by the Shawnee tribe and given the Indian name of Ne Kahn. He had proslavery leanings.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Engravings; Ne Kahn; Photographs and Illustrations; Pottawatomi Indians; Stinson, Thomas N.; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Hiram Jackson Strickler
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Hiram Jackson Strickler was best known for serving as the Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas from damages suffered in various confrontations. Although no money was ever received by the claimants, Strickler's reports contains many details about territorial events. He also served as Adjutant General of Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Cartes de visite; Damage claims; Photographs and Illustrations; Strickler, Hiram Jackson


Photograph, John Henry Stringfellow
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Henry Stringfellow was a resident of Atchison and a proslavery supporter. He was in charge of some of the territorial troops that were mentioned in the Strickler report on damages from altercations in Kansas Territory. He held several elective positions including Speaker of the House in the 1855 territorial legislature.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Card photographs; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Militia; Photographs and Illustrations; Proslavery activities; Proslavery supporters; Stringfellow, John H.


Photograph, Charles Sumner
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Charles Sumner served in the United State Senate from Massachusetts during the Kansas territorial era. He was an outspoken abolitionist and helped the Free-Soil party in 1848. He was opposed to the Fugitive Slave Law and the Kansas Nebraska Act. After making his well known speech "The Crime Against Kansas" on May 20, 1856, he was assaulted (caned) by Preston Brooks, a Representative from South Carolina. He was unable to return to his Senate duties until December, 1859.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Cartes de visite; Massachusetts; Photographs and Illustrations; Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874; United States. Senate


Photograph, Edwin Vose Sumner
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Colonel Edwin Vose Sumner commanded the First U.S. Cavalry regiment at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, and led the regular army forces that dispersed the free state legislature in Topeka on July 4, 1856. Col. Sumner was known for his campaigns against the Cheyenne Indians in the West and his attempts to mediate between free and pro-slavery forces in Kansas Territory during the period known as Bleeding Kansas.

Keywords: Card photographs; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Sumner, Edwin Vose, 1835-1912; United States. Army


Photograph, Samuel F. Tappan
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Samuel F. Tappan was born in Massachusetts and came to Kansas when he was in his twenties. He listed his occupation as a journalist but was best known as secretary at the Leavenworth and Wyandotte Constitutional conventions. He was a free state supporter and settled in Lawrence. This image was taken a number of years after the territorial era.

Keywords: Constitutions; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Constitution; Photographs and Illustrations; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Wyandotte Constitution


Photograph, John Speer
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Speer was a free state supporter and early resident of Lawrence. He was a journalist and editor. He was also involved in numerous free state activities.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Engravings; Free state activities; Free state supporters; Journalists; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Speer, John, 1817-1906


Photograph, James Redpath
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
James Redpath came to Kansas Territory as a reporter for the New York Tribune, but he soon became a participant in the free state cause. He was involved with John Brown and wrote a biography on him that was published in 1860. He reported on the free state movement in Topeka.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Card photographs; Free state cause; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Journalists; Photographs and Illustrations; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement)


Photograph, Samuel J. Reader
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Samuel J. Reader was a participant in some of the free state activities. He wrote about his efforts in his diary, including descriptions of the Battles of Indianola and Hickory Point. He also used the diary as the basis for an autobiography which he illustrated with drawings and water colors. He lived in Shawnee County, Kansas Territory. His accounts also describe daily life.

Keywords: Cyanotypes; Free state supporters; Indianola, Battle of; Indianola, Kansas Territory; Militia; Photographs and Illustrations; Reader, Samuel James; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Henry Worrall
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Henry Worrall was an early Kansas artist who lived in Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Artist; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Worrall, Henry


Photograph, Samuel Newitt Wood
Authors: Leonard & Martin, artists
Date: 
Samuel Newitt Wood was an active participant on behalf of the free state cause. He served in the territorial legislature and was a delegate to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He was also involved in some of the armed conflicts. He settled in Chase County, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Cartes de visite; Chase County, Kansas Territory; Constitutions; Free state supporters; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth Constitution; Leonard & Martin, artists; Photographs and Illustrations; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Photograph, Daniel Webster Wilder
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Daniel Webster Wilder was an early Kansas resident and one of its first historians. During the territorial era, he was a resident of Leavenworth and was one of the Kansans at the 1860 Republican National convention in Chicago, Illinois. He compiled the Annals of Kansas, and the territorial portion of this work is available elsewhere on this site.

Keywords: Card photographs; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Republican National Convention (1860 : Chicago, Ill.); Wilder, Daniel Webster, 1832-1911


Photograph, Thomas H. Webb
Authors: J. W. Black & Co.
Date: 
Thomas H. Webb, Boston, Massachusetts, was secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. His name appears in publications of the Company and he is a frequent correspondent with people in Kansas Territory connected to the company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabinet photographs; Emigrant aid companies; Free state cause; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Photograph, John Otis Wattles
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Otis Wattles was one of the founders of Moneka, Linn County, Kansas Territory in 1857. He was a promoter of the town and was a member of the Moneka Woman's Rights Association. He was also an abolitionist. He was involved in promoting a railroad that would run from Jefferson City, Missouri, to Emporia, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Moneka Womans Rights Association; Moneka, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Town promotion; Wattles, J. O.


Photograph, Augustus Wattles
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Augustus Wattles was an abolitionist who came to Kansas from Ohio in 1855. For a time he helped George Washington Brown publish the Herald of Freedom in Lawrence. In 1857, he was one of the founders of Moneka, Linn County, Kansas Territory. He was a supporter of John Brown and Brown stayed at his home several times after the Marais des Cygnes massacre. Wattles served in the territorial legislature in 1855.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Moneka, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Wattles, Augustus


Photograph, W. W. Updegraff
Authors: Siewert
Date: 
W. W. Updegraff was involved in territorial politics. He served as the last president of the Territorial Council and as the first speaker of the Kansas House of Representatives. He was a physician who located in Osawatomie, Lykins County, Kansas Territory. He was a free state supporter.

Keywords: Card photographs; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas. Legislature; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Siewert; Updegraff, W. W.


Photograph, Gerrit Smith
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Gerrit Smith was an ardent abolitionist from New York state. He supported the anti-slavery cause in Kansas and was a supporter of John Brown, helping to fund the raid on Harper's Ferry in 1859.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Cartes de visite; New York; Photographs and Illustrations; Smith, Gerritt


Photograph, William Tecumseh Sherman
Authors: Kuhn Bros.
Date: 
William Tecumseh Sherman was involved in Leavenworth during the territorial period. He was a partner in a law firm with Thomas Ewing, Jr., who was also his brother-in-law. He was involved in promoting the interests of Leavenworth. He later gained fame as a Civil War General. This photograph was taken after his time in Kansas.

Keywords: Card photographs; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kuhn Bros.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Town development; Town promotion


Photograph, John Gill Pratt
Authors: Henry, E. E.
Date: 
John Gill Pratt was a Baptist missionary to the Delaware Indians and served as superintendent of the Delaware Baptist Mission. He had some training as a doctor and worked as a printer at the Shawnee Manual Labor School. He was involved in some of the treaty negotiations during the territorial period.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Baptists; Cabinet photographs; Delaware Indians; Henry, E. E.; Missionaries; Native Americans; Photographs and Illustrations; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Shawnee Manual Labor School; Treaties


Photograph, John Gill Pratt and his wife Olivia Evans Pratt
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
This photograph of John Gill Pratt and his wife Olivia was taken in a room in a building in Wyandotte County which had been part of the Delaware Mission School. John Gill Pratt was a Baptist missionary to the Delaware Indians and served as superintendent of the Delaware Baptist Mission. He had some training as a doctor and worked as a printer at the Shawnee Manual Labor School. He was involved in some of the treaty negotiations during the territorial period.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Baptists; Card photographs; Delaware Indians; Missionaries; Native Americans; Photographs and Illustrations; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Pratt, Olivia Evans; Treaties; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Preston Bierce Plumb
Authors: Prince, George
Date: 
Preston Bierce Plumb was involved in various antislavery events in Kansas Territory. He was involved with the Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box and was a member of the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He was one of the founders of Emporia, Breckenridge County, Kansas Territory. He started the Emporia newspaper called "The Kanzas News."

Keywords: Antislavery; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Cartes de visite; Constitutions; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Kansas Volunteers; Leavenworth Constitution; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Militia; Photographs and Illustrations; Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Prince, George


Photograph, Joshua A. Pike
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Joshua A. Pike was a member of the Doy rescue party and was part of a plot to rescue John Brown after the raid on Harper's Ferry.

Keywords: Antislavery; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Doy rescue and trial, 1859; Free state supporters; Photographs and Illustrations; Pike, Joshua A.


Photograph, Hugh Sleight Walsh
Authors: Whiddit
Date: 
Hugh Walsh was the official territorial secretary but also served as acting governor from July 3-30, 1858, October 10-December 18, 1858, August 1-September 15, 1859, and April 15 to June 16, 1860. He worked with a number of the territorial governors.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Kansas Territory. Governor; Photographs and Illustrations; Walsh, Hugh Sleight; Whiddit


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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