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64 results for Newspapers:
Letter, C. Robinson to A. A. Lawrence Esq.
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 18, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson thanked Lawrence for his unfailing support of the enterprise of the Territory and claimed his devotion to work done in his interest. He discussed Lawrence's development, having secured the offices of three free state newspapers, but expressed anxiety about the upcoming territorial election. However, Robinson vowed that his men would not resort to fraudulent voting to win the majority over proslavery supporters.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Business enterprises; Election fraud; Elections; Elliott, Robert G.; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Newspapers; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sawmills; Speer, John, 1817-1906; Town development


Carriers Address to the Patrons of the Kansas Weekly Herald
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: January 1, 1855
This Carriers Address to the patrons of the Kansas Weekly Herald was published New Year's Day. It was in the form of a poem reflecting on events in 1854. The Kansas Weekly Herals was published in Leavenworth from 1854-1859.

Keywords: Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Poetry


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Revd. Edw. E. Hale
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 25, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing from Boston to Edward Everett Hale, a Worcester, Massachusetts resident, expressed concern about the manner in which Worcester leaders in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company were doing business. Specifically, Lawrence was upset about Hale's and Eli Thayer's use of Emigrant Aid Company funds to make a loan to George Washington Brown, the editor of the Herald of Freedom.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Worcester, Massachusetts


Letter, John Halderman to Messrs [Josiah] Miller and [Robert G.] Elliot
Authors: Halderman, John Adams
Date:  April 6, 1855
John Halderman, Governor Reeder's private secretary, wrote from Shawnee Mission to Josiah Miller, editor of the Kansas Free State newspaper, and to his business partner, Robert G Elliott, requesting that they print Reeder's proclamations from the recent convention of the territorial legislature.

Keywords: Elections; Elliott, Robert G.; Halderman, John Adams; Herald of Freedom; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Miller, Josiah; Newspapers; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shawnee Mission


Letter, Wm. E. Goodnow to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, William E.
Date: June 10, 1855
William Goodnow, brother of Isaac Goodnow, wrote from Shannon, Wild Cat Creek, Kansas Territory, to his wife back East. Goodnow described his experiences participating in the development of the nearby town of Manhattan, having attended a city council meeting and anticipating the founding of a newspaper. Goodnow also mentioned religious services and "Sabbath Schools" currently running out of settler's homes, and commented on the numerous emigrants who had traveled to Kansas Territory only to quickly give up and return home.

Keywords: Diseases; Election fraud; Emigration and immigration; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Goodnow, William E.; Livestock; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Methodists; Newspapers; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Religion; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shannon, Kansas Territory; Town development


Certificate of Agency, James Abbott as Agent of the Kansas Herald of Freedom
Authors: Brown, George W (George Washington), 1820-1915
Date: July 10, 1855
This certificate granted James Abbott, now of Blanton, Kansas Territory, agency to sell subscriptions to the Kansas Herald of Freedom newspaper. The document was signed and sealed by George W. Brown, publisher and editor of the free state paper.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Blanton, Kansas Territory; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Business enterprises; Certificates; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state perspective; Herald of Freedom; Newspapers


Letter, Josiah Miller to Dear Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date: August 29, 1855
Josiah Miller, making arrangements for his parents' journey from South Carolina to Kansas Territory, wrote to his father and mother from his office at the Kansas Free State newspaper. He told them of his need to purchase personal arms for his own protection and described to them a recent situation of election fraud. Miller also wrote that his goal, as a newspaper editor, was to "move men to support the Free State ticket." He added that he was having a falling out with Robert Elliott, his business partner.

Keywords: Crops; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Election fraud; Elliott, Robert G.; Free state activities; Kansas Free State (newspaper); Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Newspapers; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.


Letter, Robert Allyn to Bro. & Sis. Goodnow [Isaac and Ellen Goodnow]
Authors: Allyn, Robert
Date: October 11, 1855
Robert Allyn wrote from Providence, Rhode Island, to his friends Isaac and Ellen Goodnow in Kansas Territory. Allyn, like Goodnow an educator, updated the couple on the construction of a new local Academy. He also reacted to news he had heard of political conditions in K.T., having found that "the papers are full of dreadful things about you horrid abolitionists in Kanzas", and asking him, "How do you contrive to live under the Missouri laws?" Showing himself to be a staunch Abolitionist as well, Allyn provides his own strong opinions and insights regarding the Kansas troubles. Allyn also advised that "getting up a few. . .free schools" would prompt a great rush of emigration from the Northern States to the Territory

Keywords: Abolitionists; Allyn, Robert; Antislavery; Education; Free state supporters; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Missourians; National politics; Newspapers; Pierce administration


Quit-Claim Deed and Bond for Robert G. Elliott
Authors: Elliott, Robert G.
Date: November 15, 1855
Quit-Claim Deed of Robert G. Elliott signing his share of ownership of lot #12 on Massachusetts Street over to his business partner, Josiah Miller. The two men founded and produced the Kansas Free State newspaper in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Miller, however, later preferred to buy out his partner, as Elliott "did not have enough money to contribute" to producing the newspaper.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Elliott, Robert G.; Kansas Free State (newspaper); Miller, Josiah; Newspaper buildings; Newspapers; Town lots


Circular, Kansas Tribune Office
Authors: Speer & Ross
Date: January 1, 1856
This circular is an advertisement for the Kansas Tribune, a newspaper that was published in Topeka, Kansas Territory. The "sole and entire object has been the promotion of the Freedom of Kansas." The circular was inviting support from beyond Kansas and listed several reasons why such support was necessary. The publishers were apparently Speer and Ross of Topeka, Kansas. The subscription prices were listed for individuals as well as reduced prices for clubs.

Keywords: Advertisements; Community life; Free state support; Newspapers; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Speer & Ross; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Letter, C. K. Holliday to My Dear Wife [Mary Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: February 4, 1856
Cyrus K. Holliday wrote from bitterly cold Topeka, Kansas Territory to his wife, Mary Holliday, in Meadville, Pennsylvania. Fearing an attack by the Missourians on March 4th, the day the Free State Legislature was to meet in Topeka, he advised Mary to wait before traveling to K. T. with Lillie and Mrs. Nichols. Cyrus also requested northern newspapers.

Keywords: Free state legislature; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Missourians; Newspapers; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Travel; Weather


Proclamation, Results of the Free State Election
Authors: Goodin, Joel Kishler; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866
Date: March 7, 1856
This proclamation, published in the Kansas Daily Tribune on March 7, 1856, announced to the public the results of the election for senators and representatives in the Topeka legislature. These members of the free state legislature had been asked to meet in Topeka on March 4, 1856 (three days earlier). The proclamation was issued by James Lane and Joel Goodin.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Allen, Lyman; Blood, James; Brown, John, Jr.; Curtiss, John; Dickey, Milton C.; Elections; Free state legislature; Goodin, Joel Kishler; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; McClure, W. M.; Newspapers; Shore, Samuel T.; Thornton, Thomas G.; Topeka Legislature (see Free state legislature); Topeka, Kansas; Updegraff, W. W.


Letter, George Washington Brown to his mother
Authors: Brown, George W (George Washington), 1820-1915
Date: May 13, 1856
George Washington Brown, editor of the Herald of Freedom newspaper, was one of seven free state leaders arrested on May 14, 1856 on charges of high treason and held prisoner by federal troops near Lecompton. Writing to his mother on the day before his arrest, Brown expressed concern that his life could be in danger. He instructed his mother to use his estate to provide support for the Herald of Freedom.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Free state cause; Herald of Freedom; Journalism; Kansas City, Missouri; Missouri; Newspapers; Prisoners


George Washington Brown to Mr. Fowler
Authors: Brown, George W (George Washington), 1820-1915
Date: May 13, 1856
George Washington Brown, editor of the Herald of Freedom newspaper, was one of seven free state leaders arrested on May 14, 1856 on charges of high treason and held prisoner by federal troops near Lecompton. Written from Kansas City, Missouri, to a friend on the day before his arrest, Brown expressed concern that his life could be in danger. He enclosed an outline for a "Documentary History of Kansas" and asked Fowler to publish a book based on the outline.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Free state cause; Herald of Freedom; Journalism; Kansas City, Missouri; Missouri; Newspapers; Prisoners; Treason


Letter of introduction for J. S. Emery as a reporter of the New York Daily Times
Authors: Raymond, Wesley, and Company
Date: May 22, 1856
The generic letter indicated that Emery was a correspondent for the Daily Times to cover events in Kansas. It said that any assistance provided in helping him forward information from Kansas Territory would be viewed as a special favor.

Keywords: Emery, James Stanley; Journalists; New York; New York Daily Times; Newspapers


Letter, Milton M. Powers to Dear Friend, Cyrus K. Holliday
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: June 7, 1856
Milton M. Powers, Deputy Clerk of Court in Columbus, Ohio wrote to Cyrus K. Holliday, Free State leader and founder of Topeka, Kansas Territory. Powers had read of Holliday's activities in northern newspapers. A presentation of the Wrongs of Kansas, emphasizing Andrew H. Reeder and Samuel N. Wood's experiences, had emotionally motivated Powers to write and assure Holliday of his support. Once a Jeffersonian Democrat, but convicted that the party had abandoned its principles, Powers had become a Republican. He stated that the entire nation was attuned to events in Kansas Territory, and he believed that these events would have intense impact on the nation's future.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Columbus, Ohio; Democratic Party (U.S.); Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; National politics; Newspapers; Powers, Milton M.; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, C. K. Holliday to My Dear Wife [Mary Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: June 16, 1856
Cyrus K. Holliday of Topeka, Kansas Territory advised his wife, Mary Holliday, in Meadville, Pennsylvania, to read northern papers for new of Kansas. He repeated that she wait to come. Troops from Fort Riley and Fort Leavenworth led by Colonel Edwin V. Sumner gathered to battle proslavery forces led by General John W. Whitfield. Cyrus also mentioned a house and crops, receiving Mary's money and, despite difficulties, he praised Kansas as a home for settlers.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Crops; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Newspapers; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Sumner, Edwin Vose, 1835-1912; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Whitfield, John W. (John Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879


George Washington Brown, Near Lecompton, KT to I.B. Donaldson
Authors: Brown, George W (George Washington), 1820-1915
Date: July 9, 1856
George Washington Brown, editor of the Herald of Freedom newspaper, was one of seven free state leaders arrested on May 14, 1856 on charges of high treason and held prisoner by federal troops near Lecompton. Brown wrote to Israel B. Donaldson, the U.S. Marshal in Kansas, requesting that he terminate and settle a contract with his wife, Mrs. Lois Brown, for boarding the prisoners. Brown asked to board with fellow prisoners John Brown, Jr. and Henry H. Williams and sought to distance himself from Charles Robinson and his followers.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Brown, John, Jr.; Brown, Mrs. George Washington; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Herald of Freedom; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Prisoners; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States marshals; Williams, Henry H.


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: October 27, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote from Topeka, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott, having recently arrived there to participate in a Constitutional Convention. Marcus instructed him to watch the newspapers for current developments as the New York Tribune, as well as other regional papers, had reporters on site. He again suggested to his brother to come to Kansas and experience the "matchless magnificence" of his home, the proslavery faction having been conquered "finally and forever", by Marcus's words.

Keywords: Constitutional conventions; Newspapers; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Letter, G. W. Brown to Hiram Hill, Esq
Authors: Brown, George W (George Washington), 1820-1915
Date: December 10, 1856
George W. Brown dictated this letter to Hiram Hill from the Herald of Freedom newspaper office in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Brown thanked Hill and his fellow citizens of Williamsburgh for the financial gift that they had sent to the newspaper, and also for their material support to the citizens of Kansas. He closed by reiterating the newspaper's commitment to the cause of freedom.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Free state support; Herald of Freedom; Hill, Hiram; Hinton, Richard Josiah; Money; Newspapers


Letter, G. W. Brown to My Dear Sir [Hiram Hill]
Authors: Brown, George W (George Washington), 1820-1915
Date: January 10, 1857
George Brown, editor of the free state newspaper, Herald of Freedom, wrote to Hiram Hill thanking him for his Christmas donation to the newspaper. Brown enclosed with his letter several copies of the Herald and a new map of Kansas Territory. He also reported that the Herald was increasing circulation at an unparalleled rate, and that he appreciated the freedom and independence afforded him as a member of the press.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Free state support; Herald of Freedom; Hill, Hiram; Money; Newspapers


Letter, John Brown to Dear Wife [Mary Brown]
Authors: Brown, John , 1800-1859
Date: March 6, 1857
During his funding raising tour, Brown wrote his wife from Hartford, Connecticut, regarding family matters and finances, and about the press coverage he was getting: "I shall send you some Newspapers soon to let you see what different stories are told of me. None of them tell things as I tell them."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Mary Ann Day, 1816-1884; Brown, Owen; Hartford, Connecticut; Newspapers


Letter, Hiram Hill to Dear Brother
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: March 18, 1857
Hiram Hill, en route to Kansas Territory, wrote from Jefferson City, Missouri, to his brother back east. Hill reported that the journey so far had been pleasant, though they had been delayed by a train wreck and were currently waiting for a boat to take them up the River. He mentioned his experiences with border ruffians, finding that they were "civil" unless they "get too much whiskey down". Hill lamented the resignation of Kansas Territory's Governor Geary, but related that he saw the new marshal, who was on his way to K.T., in St. Louis.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Hill, Hiram; Jefferson City, Missouri; Newspapers; Railroads; Transportation; Travel


Letter, R. G. Elliot to Dear Sister
Authors: Elliott, Robert G.
Date: May 8, 1857
Robert Elliott, former publisher of the Kansas Free State newspaper in Lawrence along with Josiah Miller, wrote to his sister from Delaware, Kansas Territory. Elliott told her that last season the area had been the site of "ruffian outrages," but since this time it had evolved into a thriving area with a large population of free state men, whose presence raised property values. The town was not without its share of "bloated ruffians" or stray dogs, however. Elliott also mentioned that a couple of proslavery men had even subscribed to his newspaper, though he did not intend to change the "character" of the paper, which continued to favor the free state cause.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Elliott, Robert G.; Free state supporters; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Real estate investment; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856


Article, "History, as Espounded by the Supreme Court"
Authors: Plumb, Preston B.
Date: June 6, 1857
This article was printed in the very first edition of the Kanzas News, edited by Preston Plumb and printed in Emporia, Kansas Territory. It included excerpts taken from the May edition of Putnam's Monthly. The article documented the reaction of free soilers to the Dred Scott decision, which was passed by the Supreme Court in March 1857. Since he had lived on free soil for several years, Dred Scott had sued his master in an attempt to gain his freedom. However, the court determined that Dred Scott, and other slaves, were not legal citizens of the United States and therefore could not sue the government. As a result, Scott would remain a slave until his master voluntarily freed him shortly thereafter. This decision also annulled the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

Keywords: African Americans; Antislavery perspective; Dred Scott decision; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Scott, Dred; Slavery; Slaves; Taney, Roger B.; United States Government; United States. Constitution; United States. Supreme Court


Letter, A. [Alson] C. Davis to J. A. Halderman
Authors: Davis, Alson C.
Date: June 19, 1857
Alson C. Davis, a Democrat legislator and party leader from Leavenworth (later Wyandotte) County, wrote from Wyandotte that he strongly favored "the establishment of a first class democratic paper" in Leavenworth. He believed this was vital "to the Cincinnati Platform Democracy" and was willing to pledge an additional $400 to the cause; a Mr. Beach had previously offered to give Halderman "a bonus of two thousand dollars" with which to start such a newspaper.

Keywords: Davis, Alson C.; Democratic Party (U.S.); Halderman, John Adams; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Partisan press; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Bills Received and Paid, Kansas Central Committee to Ross Brothers, Kansas Tribune
Authors: Ross, Edmund G.; Ross, William Wallace
Date: July 12, 1857
The Ross Brothers, Edmund G. and William W., editors of the Kansas Tribune, Topeka, marked this bill for $5.50 to the "Kansas Central Committee" paid. It was for "250 1/8 Posters (July convention).

Keywords: Blood, James; Kansas Central Committee; Kansas State Central Committee; Newspapers; Political conventions; Ross, Edmund G. (Edmund Gibson), 1826-1907; Ross, William Wallace, 1828-1889


Letter, P. S. Post to Judge J. A. Halderman
Authors: Post, Philip Sidney
Date: September 23, 1857
With this letter, P. S. Post sent Halderman "some copies of the first no. of the 'Wyandott Citizen'--our new democratic paper." This was obviously the project A. C. Davis had corresponded with Halderman about the previous June, as Davis is commended for his support. This short-lived newspaper was edited by Ephraim Abbott. (In 1858 Post would be involved with the founding and publication of the Western Argus in Wyandotte.)

Keywords: Abbott, Ephraim; Davis, Alson C.; Democratic Party (U.S.); Halderman, John Adams; Journalism; Newspapers; Partisan press; Post, Philip Sidney; Wyandotte Citizen; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, J. [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: October 25, 1857
Joseph Trego wrote from his log cabin near Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, in Illinois. Trego described the beauty of the fall foliage and his plans to build a new home for his family, whom he greatly missed. He worried that he had heard from Alice only once in seven weeks, while he had written every week. Trego showed that he was well connected to current events in the Territory and the county, as he and his friends took several newspapers, including two from Lawrence.

Keywords: Free state perspective; Houses; Hunting; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Weather


Page from the "Kansas Herald of Freedom"
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 1857
A December 1857 page from the "Kansas Herald of Freedom" free state newspaper. George W. Brown served as the editor of the paper, which was an organ of the New England Emigrant Aid Company in the Territory.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Free state activities; Herald of Freedom; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1857
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1857
Thomas Webb compiled this more comprehensive version of his earlier circulars by the same name. Containing much of the same information as the previous versions, such as details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas and subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, it features a large section that describes individual town settlements. This circular also addresses the proslavery and free state conflict, though in a nonpartisan manner, considering the interests of both groups.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Books; Brown, John Carter; Circulars; Crops; Diseases; Education; Food; Guns; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Libraries; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Religion; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Town settlement; Transportation; Travel literature; Weapons (see also Guns); Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Broadside, Cowardly assassination: Lecompton Union Extra!
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1857
This broadside, a special report of the Weekly Lecompton Union newspaper, recounted the assassination of William T. Sherrard, which had occurred earlier that same day. Sherrard had been appointed Sheriff of Douglas County by the County Board of Commissoners after the resignation of Samuel J. Jones. Sherrard's appointment was not supported by Governor Geary, who allegedly made slanderous remarks on Sherrard's character. The broadside report supposed, since Sherrard was decidely a proslavery man, that free state Legislators, among other freestateman, had plotted against him on behalf of Geary, which lead to Sherrard's death at the hand of J.A.W. Jones.

Keywords: Free state activities; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Jones, J.A.W.; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; McAllister, Richard; Newspapers; Proslavery support; Sherrard, William T.; Violent deaths; Woodson, Daniel


Prospectus of the "White Cloud Chief."
Authors: Miller, Solomon
Date: Spring 1857
Born at Lafayette, Indiana, on January 22, 1831, and raised in Ohio, Sol Miller "indentured" in the Germantown Gazette office in Germantown, Ohio, and in 1854 purchased half interest in that newspaper. Three years later he removed to White Cloud, Doniphan County and published the first issue of the White Cloud Kansas Chief on June 4, 1857. This printed "Prospectus" is signed by at least twenty "subscribers" who proposed "to commence the publication of paper bearing the above title [White Cloud Chief], early in the Spring of 1857" and describes the nature of the size, scope, etc., of the proposed newspaper to be edited and published by Miller.

Keywords: Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Chief; Miller, Solomon (Sol); Newspaper publishing; Newspapers; Newspapers - Free State; White Cloud, Kansas Territory


Letter, Your devoted Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: January 24, 1858
Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, at their family's home in Illinois. Trego described how, since the shelter being built around the mill equipment was not yet complete, the wind and rain interfered with their ability to work. Though the work was hard, he favored the milling business over other means toward income. Trego responded to a newspaper article from the Rock Island Advertiser that his wife had sent him, deeming their coverage of the Kansas troubles "sensational." He expected that Fort Scott would soon be destroyed by free state militiamen, as "Bourbon County Bandits" (proslavery supporters) had been harassing extensively free state supporters in the area. Despite all this disorder, the development prospects of Mound City, in Linn County, appeared favorable.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Business enterprises; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Neosho, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Postal service; Proslavery activities; Railroads; Rock Island Advertiser; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Telegraph; Town development; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Weather


Letter, Lucian J. Eastin to My Dear Sir [Gov. James Denver]
Authors: Eastin, Lucian J.
Date: February 20, 1858
Lucian J. Eastin, a proslavery supporter and editor of the Herald in Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, wrote to Governor James Denver praising him for his efforts and congratulating him for his successes. Eastin told Denver that he feared the Lecompton Constitution would not pass, and he referred to recent incidents of election fraud. He also requested money from Denver so that he could print Denver's recent address and proclamation to the Kansas people.

Keywords: Calhoun, John; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Eastin, Lucian J.; Economic conditions; Election fraud; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Newspapers; Proslavery supporters; United States. Congress


Agreement, Articles of agreement made . . .
Authors: Halderman, John Adams
Date: April 30, 1858
Dated April 30, 1858, and executed in Leavenworth, this handwritten document was an "agreement made and entered into" by John Adams Halderman and Hugh Ewing, representing the Leavenworth Journal, and C. H. McLaughlin and William B. Hutchison to lease all the newspaper equipment for $25 per month. Among other more technically oriented conditions of the lease pertaining to the upkeep of the business, McLaughlin and Hutchinson agreed "to make it a free-state Democratic paper, sustaining the ___ ___ course of Senator Douglas . . ."

Keywords: Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1861; Ewing, Hugh; Free state Democrats; Halderman, John Adams; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Leavenworth Journal; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; McLaughlin, C. H.; Newspapers


Letter, Hugh S. Walsh to James W. Denver
Authors: Walsh, Hugh Sleight
Date: October 15, 1858
Hugh S. Walsh, Secretary under Governor Denver, now Acting Governor, wrote from Lecompton, Kansas Territory to James W. Denver in Wilmington, Ohio. Only days earlier Denver ended his term as governor of Kansas Territory. Walsh updated him on political events occurring in Kansas Territory. He also mentioned that a delegate convention planned to meet at Lawrence on November 10, and that he would do what he could to "clog" the convention until there is a "fair apportionment [of representatives] based on population" to avoid any independent actions taken on the part of free state supporters.

Keywords: Apportionment; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Newspapers; Proslavery support; Roberts, William Young; Walsh, Hugh Sleight


Statement related to the Quindaro Town Company
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: November 22, 1858
Charles Robinson gave his consent as an individual member of the Quindaro Town Company that the Board of Trade could use the town company's printing press and type free of charge if they agreed to publish the Quindaro Chindowan on a weekly basis for three months beginning in December, 1858. The document also included Robinson's consent to pay Mrs. Nichols the $125 due her.

Keywords: Newspapers; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Quindaro Chindowan; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, John Vansickle to Dear Father
Authors: Vansickle, John H.
Date: December 28, 1858
John Vansickle wrote from Bourbon County, Kansas Territory, to his father back East. Vansickle advised him not to travel to the Territory to visit him in light of recent events. Vansickle referred to the release of Benjamin Rice by James Montgomery and a band of free state men. Rice had been in a Fort Scott prison for killing a proslavery man. Shortly thereafter, according to Vansickle, John Brown entered Missouri, freed slaves and stole property. He also told his father that the newspapers communicated little of the story, as victims of crimes and anyone whose opinion was published would be subject to mob violence.

Keywords: Battles; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Little, J. H.; Newspapers; Rice, Benjamin; Vansickle, John H.; Xenia, Kansas Territory


Letter, S.C.S [Samuel C. Smith] to Dear Doctor [C. Robinson]
Authors: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: December 29, 1858
In this letter from Lawrence, December 29, 1858, Smith mentions a few business matters (e.g., the railroad convention) but concentrates on the border conflict, with specific criticism leveled at John Brown and James Montgomery. "Captains Brown & Montgomery continue their 'reign of terror' in Linn and Bourbon counties. . . ."

Keywords: African Americans; Bleeding Kansas; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Democratic Party (U.S.); Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Jayhawking; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Newspapers; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad conventions; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Slaves; Smith, Samuel C.


Shooting of Gaius Jenkins
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: July 24, 1858
Newspaper clipping from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, July 24, 1858, describing the shooting of Gauis Jenkins by Jim Lane. The two men were claiming rights to the same portion of land. Lane shot Jenkins when he tried to get water from the well on this contested property.

Keywords: Jenkins, Gaius; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land speculation; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Violence


Leslie's Illustrated, Stories of Kansas Cities
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1858
Article from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, December 25, 1858. Entitled "The Cities of Kansas," it includes accounts of Lawrence, Leavenworth, Lecompton, and Topeka.

Keywords: Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Objects; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Neosho Valley Register, Burlington, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1859
A view of the Neosho Valley Register office, Burlington, Kansas Territory, 1859.

Keywords: Ambrotypes; Burlington, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Horses; Neosho Valley Register; Newspaper buildings; Newspapers; Photographs and Illustrations


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear Sir [Isaac Goodnow]
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: March 8, 1859
Samuel Pomeroy wrote to Isaac Goodnow from Atchison, Kansas Territory. Pomeroy told Goodnow he was not disposed at the moment to come to Manhattan on account of lawsuits and railroad business, but would come as soon as possible. He looked forward to being present when the cornerstone of the Bluemont College building was placed, and asked Goodnow to list him as a subscriber to Manhattan's new newspaper. Pomeroy also referred to the upcoming election the following June, which would determine the delegates to attend the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, and prayed for a successful outcome.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Border ruffians; Denison, Joseph; Election, Wyandotte Constitution delegates to convention, June 1859; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Skirmishing; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859


Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to Rev. C. E. Blood
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: May 5, 1859
Isaac Goodnow, writing from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, on his way to New England, related his experiences with a Mr. Vivaldi, a newspaper editor in Wyandotte, to C. E. Blood in Manhattan. Goodnow told Blood that Vivaldi would run a series of articles and advertisements about Manhattan in short order, and that promotional articles needed to be submitted as soon as possible. Goodnow also emphasized that, upon his arrival to Manhattan, Vivaldi should have his "expectations" met, and that all efforts should be taken to impress him.

Keywords: Advertisements; Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspaper buildings; Newspapers; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Steamboats; Town development; Town promotion; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter, Henry L. Denison to My Dear Uncle [Joseph Denison]
Authors: Denison, Henry
Date: May 11, 1859
Henry Denison wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to his uncle, Joseph Denison, who was traveling away from home. Henry reported that the cornerstone of Bluemont College had been laid the day before, and described the festivities, including speeches and the planting of a kind of time capsule behind the cornerstone. He added that crops had sprouted and were growing beautifully; emigrants continued to pass through on their way to Pikes Peak.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Celebrations; Crops; Denison, Henry; Denison, Joseph; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pikes Peak gold rush; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Riley County, Kansas Territory


Letter, C. E. Blood to Dear Bro. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Blood, C.E.
Date: June 20, 1859
C. E. Blood wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Isaac Goodnow, imparting that the Vivaldi family had arrived in the town via the steamboat Gus Linn, Mr. Vivaldi having brought along his printing press and other equipment. The newspaper was then a "fixed and permanent fact." Blood updated Goodnow on the status of construction at the College and Joseph Denison's new home. He closed by reporting a rumor that there was a Republican majority in the Constitutional Convention at Wyandotte.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Steamboats; Town development; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Report of Edward Hoogland, H.J. Adams and S.A. Kingman, Commissioners of Claims
Authors: Adams, Henry J.; Hoogland, Edward ; Kingman, Samuel A.
Date: July 11, 1859
Hoogland, Adams, and Kingman, Commissioners of Claims appointed by resolution of Governor Medary, continued investigating property and monetary losses suffered by the citizens of Kansas Territory after H.J. Strickler vacated the post. The new Claims Commissioners also believed that the responsibility for paying these loss claims rested with the General (Federal) Government. They reassessed the claims reported by Strickler, obtaining more information about the claimants and their losses, which included each claimant's political affiliation (free state or proslavery), their specific damages (house, horses, crops, etc), and who caused the damage (on behalf of either the free state or proslavery cause); this information is summed up in a supplemental table. The Claims Commissioners believed that the total value of losses occurring between November 1, 1855, and December 1, 1856, approximated at least $2,000,000; they also concluded that during skirmishes free state men had caused $94,500 in property damage, while proslavery men were believed to have caused nearly $319,000.

Keywords: Adams, Henry J.; Border disputes and warfare; Damage claims; Free state activities; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Hoogland, Edward; Kingman, Samuel A.; McKay, William; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Newspapers; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Proslavery activities; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Skirmishing; Strickler, Hiram Jackson


Letter, J. F. Newton to S. N. Wood
Authors: Newton, J. F.
Date: October 13, 1859
In this letter from Emporia, Newton complimented a Wood article on Emporia that gave "hell" to the local Republicans and encouraged Wood to do it again in the next issue of his newspaper. Factionalism was dividing the local party, and Newton mentioned several locals, such as [Charles V.] Eskridge, by name. "O yes a majority of the Republican central committee and Democrats hurrah for old Breckinridge this shows what shrewd Republicans we have give them 'hell' in your next."

Keywords: Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Democratic Party (U.S.); Emporia, Kansas Territory; Eskridge, Charles V.; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Newspapers; Newton, J. F.; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, G. [George] W. Brown to John Halderman
Authors: Brown, George W (George Washington), 1820-1915
Date: November 1, 1859
From Lawrence, the editor of the Herald of Freedom, George W. Brown, wrote Halderman concerning the next issue of the paper which was to be "an awful one for Conway--presumably Martin F. Conway, an active free state partisan who was to be elected the first U.S. congressman to represent Kansas on December 6, 1859. Obviously, the newspaper had less impact than Brown anticipated, as J. A. Halderman, the Democratic nominee, lost decisively to Conway, 7,674 to 5,567. Brown had believed that his forthcoming issue should be widely distributed and was seeking additional orders from Halderman.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Conway, Martin Franklin; Halderman, John Adams; Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Herald of Freedom; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Newspapers; Partisan press; Topeka Tribune; United States. Congress


Letter, H. H. Ropes to Dear Sir [George Collamore]
Authors: Ropes, H.H.
Date: November 12, 1859
H. H. Ropes wrote from Barilyar[?], New England, to George Collamore in Kansas Territory. Ropes inquired after, presumably, a family member, Edward, as he had not heard word from him for a long time. Ropes also commented on the poor reporting of the "Herald of Freedom," owned by George W. Brown, commenting to Collamore that "you have never yet had a decent newspaper out there."

Keywords: Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Collamore, George W.; Colorado; Denver City, Kansas Territory; Herald of Freedom; Mining; Newspapers; Ropes, H.H.


Letter, G. [George] W. Brown to Friend [John A.] Halderman
Authors: Brown, George W (George Washington), 1820-1915
Date: November 19, 1859
In a brief note, something of a follow up to his November 1 letter, G. W. Brown told Halderman that 150 copies of "to-days" (November 19) Herald of Freedom had been sent by "Express" and that another 150 would go out the next day. "I think your friends will be pleased with the present number," wrote the editor, "as it more than sustains all I have said in the past in regard to old John Brown, besides it gives some raps at Conway which will be difficult to overcome."

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Conway, Martin Franklin; Election, State Officials, December 1859; Halderman, John Adams; Herald of Freedom; Newspapers


Barclay's Business Directory of Leavenworth for 1859
Authors: Pierse, Allen
Date: 1859
In addition to a listing of businesses and advertisements, the directory included the elected officials for the city of Leavenworth for 1858-59 and the newspapers published in Leavenworth. A few women are listed as owners of businesses. The information for the directory was compiled by Allen Pierse.

Keywords: Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pierse, Allen; Retail businesses; Town development; Women


Statement, Charles F. de Vivaldi for Isaac Goodnow
Authors: de Vivaldi, Charles F.
Date: March 11, 1860
This document, written and signed by Charles F. de Vivaldi, Editor and Proprietor of the Manhattan Express newspaper in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, authorized Isaac Goodnow, as "an agent of Bluemont College and regular correspondent", to sell subscriptions to the paper.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Riley County, Kansas Territory; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter, Findley Patterson to John A. Halderman
Authors: Patterson, Findlay
Date: April 4, 1860
Patterson, the land office receiver at Junction City, May 1858 to April 1861, wrote with regard to problems within the Kansas Democratic Party. Recent differences between members over participation in the party's national convention at Charleston, S.C., had been aired in the press, and Patterson thought this unfortunate since "the future prosperity of our country depends upon the success of that party. Democrats should, he contended, not let relatively small policy issues overshadow the fundamental principles they share. Patterson pledged his support for the nominee of the convention, whomever it was, but favored "Judge Douglass [Stephen Douglas] . . .as we have been intimate personal, as well as political friends for several years."

Keywords: Davis County, Kansas Territory; Democratic National Convention (1860 : Charleston, S.C.); Democratic Party (U.S.); Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1861; Election, Presidential, 1860; Geary County, Kansas; Halderman, John Adams; Junction City, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Patterson, Findlay; United States. General Land Office


Letter, Joseph Denison to Br. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Denison, Joseph
Date: June 21, 1860
Joseph Denison wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Isaac Goodnow. Denison reported that Charles de Vivaldi, editor and owner of the Manhattan Express newpaper, was having financial trouble. He asserted that it was in their own best interest to help him out, lest the demise of the newspaper "discourage & sour" their investors. Such a loss of confidence would "injure the College and all other enterprises here beyond calculation." Denison also congratulated himself and Goodnow on thus far avoiding legal trouble related to the construction of Bluemont College.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Finance; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Marlott, Washington; Newspapers; Riley County, Kansas Territory; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to the New York Tribune (Copy No. 1)
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: August 24, 1860
This copy was titled "Thaddeus Hyatt's Letters from Kansas, The fact of the Drougth. Introduction of the facts, an appeal and an apology!" Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, was trying to dispel information coming from Leavenworth that reported that conditions in Kansas were being exaggerated. He felt efforts to deny "the present deplorable condition of things" were motivated by economic concerns. Hyatt wrote that they suffered because of the drought, not their own actions, and that the free North should aid them. The letter was well written and contained a great deal of emotional rhetoric. The letter was copied (by hand) by W. F. M. Arny. The last page of the letter elaborated on its origins.

Keywords: Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Herald; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; National politics; New York Tribune; Newspapers; Relief; Relief funds


Letter, John Kimball to Br. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Kimball, John
Date: September 22, 1860
John Kimball wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Isaac Goodnow, who was traveling away from his home in K.T. Kimball reported on the occupations of a religious camp in the town, within which "the Good Lord is converting sinners." Kimball also discussed the severe drought they were experiencing, and reported great damage to crops in the area. He added news of the Manhattan Express newspaper's expansion to Junction City and an acquaintance's journey to Pikes Peak.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Crops; Droughts; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Kimball, John; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pikes Peak, Kansas Territory; Religious communities; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Travel; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter, J. B. Woodward to S. N. Wood
Authors: Woodward, J. B.
Date: December 2, [1860]
From Junction City, Woodward wrote to inform Wood that he (Woodward) was "elated with the idea" that Wood might move his newspaper to Junction City and promised to do all he could to support the paper if the relocation came about. According to Woodward his town needed "a Press just as rabid and saucy as yours" that could effectively counter opposition. Reference was made to a "Geery," apparently H. T. Geery, who switched to the Democratic Party and started a Junction City newspaper. This may have been the Kansas Frontier, which was published by H.N. Short and H.T. Geery at least by the spring of 1861. (Only two extant copies exist; the first is vol. 1, no. 8, May 25, 1861.)

Keywords: Davis County, Kansas Territory; Democratic Party (U.S.); Geary County, Kansas; Geery, H. T.; Junction City, Kansas Territory; Kansas Frontier; Newspapers; Partisan press; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )


Letter, J.M. [James Montgomery] to George L. Stearns
Authors: Montgomery, James , 1814-1871
Date: December 14, 1860
In response to a letter dated November 29, Montgomery informed Stearns that "Uncle Sam has stolen all my late corrispondence [sic]. I suppose he thinks he will find some Treason in it:--He is welcome to all he can find." Much of the news about his activities and intention, insisted Montgomery, was simply newspaper talk. "'Montgomery's Band' is a myth. Montgomery's men are the people, and Montgomery himslef is one them. [sic]." He was very interested in getting the press back East to inform the public of "the real state of affairs here."

Keywords: Free labor; Free state activities; Fugitive slaves; Jones, John Tecumseh (Tauy); Linn County, Kansas Territory; Missouri; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; United States. Army


Letter, [Jim] Lane to [M. W.] Delahay
Authors: Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866
Date: December 18, 1860
Writing on "Christian & Lane" attorneys letterhead, Jim Lane (at least it certainly appeared to be Lane) informed Delahay in a "Strictly confidential" letter of his plan to help John Speer, Lawrence editor and "faithful friend," take control of the Republican, another Lawrence newspaper. To do so he needed to raise $500, but the political payoff would be worth the effort." Lane felt control of the Republican, Times [Leavenworth] & Record [Topeka] would lead to success for the free state cause.

Keywords: Delahay, Mark W.; Free state cause; Kansas State Record; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence Republican; Leavenworth Times; Newspapers; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Speer, John, 1817-1906


Photograph, John C. Vaughan
Authors: Aldrich's Studio
Date: 
John C. Vaughn came to Leavenworth, Kansas Territory in 1859. He served as the editor and publisher of the Leavenworth Times.

Keywords: Aldrich's Studio; Cabinet photographs; Journalism; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Times; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Photographs and Illustrations; Vaughan, John C.


Photograph, Horace Greeley
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Horace Greeley was editor of the New York Tribune during the Kansas territorial era. He actively supported the free state cause in Kansas through editorials as well as coming to Kansas in 1859. He advocated resistance to the implementation of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and was involved in the founding of the Republican Party.

Keywords: Free state cause; Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; Journalists; Newspapers; Photographs and Illustrations; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )


Photograph, Robert McBratney
Authors: Colville, Photographer
Date: 
Robert McBratney was a native of Ohio who moved to Kansas Territory in 1857. He originally settled in Atchison and owned half of the Squatter Sovereign. The other half was owned by Samuel Pomeroy and Thaddeus Hyatt and under their ownership it became a free state newspaper. He was involved in railroad development in Kansas Territory. In 1861, he moved to Junction City where he had been named register of the land office.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; McBratney, Robert; Newspapers; Newspapers - Free State; Photographs and Illustrations; Squatter Sovereign


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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