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113 results for New England Emigrant Aid Company:
Advertisement, Kansas Land Trust Co.
Authors: Kansas Land Trust Company
Date: Undated
This advertisement, presumably created by the Kansas Land Trust Company, lists thirty main points about Kansas Territory, including the advantages of settling in Kansas and general statistics about the territory. It also mentions the town of Quindaro and its growing influence in the area along the Kansas River. For those interested in obtaining tickets, the advertisement furnished the address of the New England Emigrant Aid Society. The bottom of the flyer provided the names of the officers that were involved in the company and their contact information.

Keywords: Advertisements; Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Kansas Land Trust Company; Land; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Skilled workers; Walker, Joel


Letter, Alden G. Tucker to Mr. [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Tucker, Alden G.
Date: January 20, 1854
Tucker, a twenty-three year old printer writing from Taunton, Massachusetts, to Edward Everett Hale, volunteered to go to Kansas as part of the "Emigration Association" about which he had heard rumors. Hale later became a leader of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company that was chartered in April 1854.

Keywords: Antislavery; Emigrant aid companies; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Tucker, Alden G.


An act to incorporate the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts House of Representatives
Date: April 13, 1854
This document was written by the Massachusetts House of Representatives, declaring that the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was an official company in the state of Massachusetts. It also described the purpose of the company and listed the men involved in running the company. This company was the predecessor to the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which was founded in March 1855.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875


An Act to Incorporate the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts. General Court
Date: April 26, 1854
The act of the Massachusetts legislature authorizing the creation of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company, the predecessor to the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts. General Court; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Eli Thayer
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: May 26, 1854
Webb, writing from Boston, Massachusetts, was the secretary of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. He informed Eli Thayer, the organizer of the company, of his concerns about fund raising efforts among the Massachusetts business elite.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


List of Subscriptions to Stock of the Massachusetts and New England Emigrant Aid Companies
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: May 1854 - June 1855
This volume includes lists of subscribers to shares of stock in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company and the New England Emigrant Aid Company. The reports list the name of the subscriber, place of residence, number of shares, total value of shares, and when the subscriber paid for the shares. Subscribers included Amos A. Lawrence, Eli Thayer, Charles Francis Adams, Moses Kimball, and Charles Robinson. The volume also includes a list of donors to the company.

Keywords: Adams, Charles Francis, 1807-1886; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Kimball, Moses, 1809-1895; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, T. H. Cunningham to [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Cunningham, T. H.
Date: June 16, 1854
Cunningham, writing from Boston, Massachusetts, offered his opinion to Edward Everett Hale on the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. Cunningham wrote of his doubts about the potential success of the company and expressed strong opposition to abolitionism.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Cunningham, T. H.; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Circular, Worcester County [Massachusetts] Kansas League
Authors: Worcester County Kansas League
Date: July 11, 1854
This printed circular, issued by the Worcester County Kansas League, advertises the establishment and growth of the "Emigrant Aid Company." It further explains their role in assisting New Englanders to emigrate to the Kansas Territory. Included are the Constitution and By-laws of the Worcester County Kansas League.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Circulars; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Williams, John M. S.; Worcester County Kansas League


Letter, Samuel C. Pomeroy to Sir [likely Edward Everett Hale]
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: July 27, 1854
Pomeroy, writing from Southhampton, Massachusetts, indicated his desire to go to Kansas to explore business possibilities and to keep slavery from gaining a foothold in the territory. Pomeroy, who likely was writing to Edward Everett Hale, expressed interest in assisting with the work of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Antislavery; Business; Economic development; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Water-power


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. S. S. Jocelyn (draft)
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: September 19, 1854
Adair wrote from Hudson, Ohio, discussing plans to meet with a "Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Society" party in Chicago. He indicated his family consisted of four people and described the quantity of boxes and luggage they would bring with them. He also wrote that he disapproved of traveling on the Sabbath.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Emigration and immigration; Jocelyn, S. S.; Migration, internal; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Ohio; Religion


Letter, L. E. Carwell for Dr. Webb, Sec. to Dear Sir [James Abbott]
Authors: Carwell, L.E. ; Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: September 22, 1854
L.E. Carwell wrote from Boston on the behalf of Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Society, to James Abbott, regarding travel arrangements for his family. Abbott, along with his wife and children, would depart by train the following Tuesday for Kansas Territory, where they would make their new home.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Emigration and immigration; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Railroads; Travel; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, A. Oestreicher To Mr. Eli Thayer
Authors: Oestreicher, A.
Date: September 23, 1854
Oestreicher, writing from Cincinnati, Ohio, informed Thayer of the establishment of a Kansas Actual Settler's Association in that city. He indicated that the association, which was comprised primarily of German-Americans, planned to create a settlement in Kansas in the spring of 1855.

Keywords: Antislavery; Cincinnati, Ohio; Free state supporters; Germans; Kansas Actual Settler's Association; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Oestreicher, A.; Ohio; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Photograph, Shalor Eldridge Family
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: November, 1854
This portrait of Shalor Eldridge, his wife and their four daughters was taken in Westfield, Massachusetts in November 1854. Eldridge was involved with the New England Emigrant Aid Company and operated a company hotel in Lawrence, Kansas Territory which was a center for the free state movement.

Keywords: Businessmen; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Free state supporters; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations


Letter, [C. K. Holliday] to My Dear Mary [Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: December 24, 1854
Cyrus K. Holliday, founder of Topeka, Kansas Territory, wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Mary Holliday, in Meadville, Pennsylvania. After three weeks at the future site of Topeka, Holliday was glad for city comforts. He mentioned the site's beauty, the prospect of building a house on his farm claim, and his personal success since leaving Meadville. On December 18, 1854, he had been unanimously elected President of the Topeka Town Association and appointed temporary agent of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. The bottom two-thirds of page 3 and 4 (which contained Holliday's signature) have been cut and removed.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Land claims; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Meadville, Pennsylvania; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Town Association; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town sites


Letter, [Cyrus Kurtz] Holliday to My Dear Mary [Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: December 31, 1854
Cyrus K. Holliday wrote from Topeka, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Mary Holliday, in Meadville, Pennsylvania. He described living conditions in Topeka. Holliday expressed his intent to write to Mr. McFarland and his thanks for letters recently received. He mentioned Samuel Y. Lum, a Congregational minister, who was sleeping in his cabin. He also mentioned his presidency with the Topeka Town Association, agency with the New England Emigrant Aid Company, and his own business. Finally, Holliday expressed hopes of a sawmill and referred to the possibility of trouble with Missourians. A few lines have been cut and removed from the lower part of pages 7 and 8.

Keywords: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Lum, S. Y; Meadville, Pennsylvania; Missourians; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Religion; Sawmills; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Town Association; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Weather


Photograph, Members of the first party from the New England Emigrant Aid Company to go to Lawrence, Kansas in 1854
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: ca. 1854
Portrait of four men, all members of the first party going to Lawrence, Kansas. The party left Boston, Massachusetts on July 17, 1854, and joined with Charles Robinson in St. Louis before arriving in Lawrence.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Fuller, Ferdinand; Goss, George W.; Harrington, Dr. S.C.; Massachusetts; Morgan, J.F.; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographers; Settlement


Mass. Emigrant Aid Co. [Plan of Operation]
Authors: Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Date: c. 1854
An unidentified author outlined the purpose, benefits, and plan of operation of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. The author described the benefits to the emigrants, the country, and the company and listed a six phase plan of operation.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Charter, Officers, and Objects of the Company
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: c. 1855
This charter of the New England Emigrant Aid Company lists officers, directors, members of the executive committee and information about the stock of the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Branscomb, Charles H.; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Expense Account, C. H. Branscomb to N. E. Emigrant Aid Co.
Authors: Branscomb, Charles H.
Date: January 1, 1855 - May 1, 1856
A typical expense report submitted by Charles H. Branscomb, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory, detailing his expenditures for 1855 and part of 1856. Among the expenses Branscomb listed were travel, postage, paper, and telegraph costs.

Keywords: Account books; Branscomb, Charles H.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Finance; Financial statements; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Postal service


An Act to Incorporate the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts. General Court
Date: February 21, 1855
The act of the Massachusetts legislature authorizing the creation of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, the successor to the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts. General Court; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Revd. Edw. E. Hale
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 25, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing from Boston to Edward Everett Hale, a Worcester, Massachusetts resident, expressed concern about the manner in which Worcester leaders in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company were doing business. Specifically, Lawrence was upset about Hale's and Eli Thayer's use of Emigrant Aid Company funds to make a loan to George Washington Brown, the editor of the Herald of Freedom.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Worcester, Massachusetts


Letter, Eli Thayer to Dr. [Thomas H.] Webb
Authors: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: March 3, 1855
Eli Thayer, writing from Worcester, Massachusetts to Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, expressed his positive impression of the emigrant aid company founded in Connecticut. He also expressed his distrust of the American Settlement Company and the New York League, two other emigrant aid organizations.

Keywords: American Settlement Company; Connecticut Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New York League; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Minutes, New England Emigrant Aid Company Annual Meetings
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: March 5, 1855 - May 29, 1860
Proceedings of the New England Emigrant Aid Company stockholders meetings. The meetings typically involved the election of officers, a treasurer's report, consideration of resolutions, and an assessment of the company's prospects in Kansas. The minutes for the first meeting of the New England Emigrant Aid Company (March 5, 1855) included the corporation by-laws.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Higginson, Charles J.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Minutes; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, Thomas Webb to Samuel Pomeroy
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: March 6, 1855
Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote a letter of introduction for Isaac Goodnow to Samuel Pomeroy, seeking protection for Goodnow and his traveling party when they would arrive in Kansas Territory. Webb justified the request to Pomeroy, proclaiming that "Mr. G is with us in heart and hand. . .and will battle manfully for Liberty."

Keywords: Free state supporters; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Wm. D. Haley to Bro. [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Haley, William D.
Date: March 9, 1855
William D. Haley, writing from Alton, Illinois to Edward Everett Hale, expressed his concern about the lack of Western travel experience possessed by New England Emigrant Aid Company agents. Haley informed Hale that the company agents were "green as grass" with the result being emigrants getting overcharged for travel expenses.

Keywords: Alton, Illinois; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Haley, William D.; Illinois; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Steamboats


List of passengers for Kansas composing the first party 1855 under charge of Dr. Charles Robinson
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: March 13, 1855
This list contained the name of the head of the family and may also include occupations, ages, familial relationships and a location for each individual or family group that was a member of the March 13, 1855 party. The list also indicated the amount of payment made.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Free state settlers; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


List of persons composing the second regular party sent out by the New England Aid Company
Authors: Unknown
Date: March 20, 1855
A listing of the names, residence, and former occupation of the members of the second party sent by the New England Emigrant Aid Company to Kansas Territory. They were under the charge of J. L. Farwell of Fitchburg, Massachusetts.

Keywords: New England Emigrant Aid Company


Letter, C. Robinson to Rev. E. E. Hale
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: April 9, 1855
Charles Robinson, writing from Lawrence, K. T. to Edward Everett Hale, commented that Free State supporters were forming military companies in response to perceived "outrageous conduct" by Missourians during the March 30, 1855, election of representatives for the territorial legislature. Robinson asked Hale to send two hundred Sharp's rifles and two cannon for the use of Lawrence settlers.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Cannons; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elections; Free state; Guns; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Militia; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Proslavery activities; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sharps rifles; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, [anonymous/unsigned] to General Samuel C. Pomeroy
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: May 14, 1855
The author of this length epistle, chose not to sign his name but offered his observations about Kansas affairs "which may or may not be of service to you." In essence the correspondent offers a free staters perspective--not an abolitionist one--on the "modus operandi" of the pro-slave party for KT. Slavery, or the slave system, meant "despotism" to this individual, and he believed "pro slavery men will use every means" to control the territory, which would soon go to free state "if the contest were a fair and even one." It was critical that Americans elect a president in 1856 who would "do right, a man who loves the Union the whole Union as it is . . . ."

Keywords: Despotism; Election, Presidential, 1856; Free state; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Proslavery; Slave power


Letter, Wm [Goodnow] to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, William E.
Date: July 1, 1855
William Goodnow, brother of Isaac Goodnow, wrote from Shannon, Wild Cat Creek, Kansas Territory, to his wife Harriet in New England. Goodnow described his current activities, among them serving on the Manhattan city council along with his brother. He related his experience of seeing Governor Reeder pass by on his way to Pawnee, and judged him "fully able. . .to meet any Missouri renegade." Goodnow also anticipated that the free soil members of the Territorial Legislature would resign "not acknowledging this Legislature as a constitutional one."

Keywords: Crops; Diseases; Free Soil Party; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Harriet; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Goodnow, William E.; Kansas Territory. Legislature - Pawnee/Shawnee Mission; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town development; Travel; Women


Education, temperance, freedom, religion in Kanzas
Authors: Beecher, Lyman , 1775-1863
Date: July 2, 1855
This letter, written by Lyman Beecher, encouraged clergymen to become life members in New England Emigrant Aid Society and to make statements about the four topics of freedom, education, temperance, and religion, as mentioned in the title. He also asked for investments in the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Antislavery; Baptists; Beecher, Lyman, 1775-1863; Catholic Church Missions; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Letter, Wm [Goodnow] to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, William E.
Date: July 15, 1855
William Goodnow wrote from a settlement outside Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to his wife Harriet in New England. Goodnow refuted claims that Kansas was "a poor place", defended the New England Emigrant Aid Company against the complaints of "disappointed, unstable, and homesick" emigrants. He also reported on the frequent passing of Government trains from Fort Riley, in anticipation of war. Isaac Goodnow added a note to Harriet, proclaiming Kansas' destiny as a free state.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Free state support; Goodnow, Harriet; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Goodnow, William E.; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shannon, Kansas Territory


Letter, C. [Charles] Robinson to Mr. [Eli] Thayer
Authors: Branscomb, Charles H.; Robinson, Charles
Date: July 26, 1855
Charles Robinson, free state leader and activist, wrote to Eli Thayer, organizer of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, introducing James Abbott to him. Robinson described Abbott as trustworthy and "true as steel to the cause of Freedom in Kansas". He also expressed to Thayer that the rifles previously shipped to Lawrence had had a "very good effect", and suggested he procure more. At the end of Robinson's letter, Charles Branscomb, Secretary pro tempore of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, endorsed Robinson, an agent for the Company, and his support of Abbott.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Branscomb, Charles H.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state cause; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sharps rifles


To the citizens of Missouri
Authors: Brown, John Carter, 1797-1874
Date: September 1855
This letter was written by the directors of New England Emigrant Aid Company responding to various charges made against them by the citizens of Missouri.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John Carter; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Kansas Nebraska Act; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Missourians; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, Rebecca Wakefield to Sir
Authors: Wakefield, Rebecca
Date: September 15, 1855
Rebecca Wakefield, writing from Milan, Ohio to the New England Emigrant Aid Company, stated that her husband had settled in Kansas in May 1855 but had gotten sick and was now unable to pay for her and her three children to join him. She sought assistance from the emigrant aid company to finance her trip to Kansas.

Keywords: Children; Emigration and immigration; Milan, Ohio; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Ohio; Poor; Poverty; Wakefield, Rebecca; Women


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to J. M. S. Williams
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: September 17, 1855
Samuel Pomeroy, writing from Kansas City, Missouri to J.M.S. Williams, an officer in the New England Emigrant Aid Company, described free state political strategies. Specifically, Pomeroy mentioned free state plans to hold their own election for a delegate to Congress, to call for a constitutional convention, and to push for the admission of Kansas as a free state.

Keywords: Free state activities; Free state cause; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, A. A. Lawrence to Mr. [Charles H.] Branscomb
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: September 22, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing to Charles H. Branscomb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, expressed his concern about the growing debts of the Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Debt; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Mr. [Charles H.] Branscomb
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: September 26, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing from Boston, Massachusetts to Charles H. Branscomb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, submitted his resignation as treasurer of the Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Letter, C. [Charles] Robinson to A. A. Lawrence
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: September 28, 1855
Charles Robinson, writing from Lawrence, K. T. to Amos A. Lawrence, expressed his optimism about the prospects of Kansas entering the union as a free state within one year. Robinson also informed Lawrence that he had drawn upon him for $1000 to cover New England Emigrant Aid Company expenses.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state cause; Free state perspective; Indian floats; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Doctor [Samuel Cabot]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 9, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing to Dr. Samuel Cabot, complained that Eli Thayer was not doing enough in support of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. Lawrence commented that he had personally invested $13,000 in the company during the previous year and declared that it was time to "hold up" on future contributions.

Keywords: Cabot, Samuel; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, S. C. [Samuel Clarke] Pomeroy to Sir
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: October 10, 1855
Pomeroy, writing from Kansas City, informed a New England Emigrant Aid Company representative that he had drawn on Mr. L. (probably Amos Lawrence) for $1000 and Mr. Haskins for $300 to pay for construction work on mills and hotels in Kansas Territory. Pomeroy emphasized that he would reduce spending after completion of the mills and hotels.

Keywords: Construction; Economic development; Hotels; Kansas City, Missouri; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Mr. [Charles H.] Branscomb
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 19, 1855
Amos Lawrence requested that Charles H. Branscomb, who was acting as secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, arrange for the appointment of his (Lawrence's) successor as company treasurer. Lawrence indicated that recently he had paid a $2000 company bill out of personal funds and would not take such action again.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Ledger Sheet, Eli Thayer, Worcester, Mass. to the N. E. Em. Aid Co.
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: November 30, 1855 - May 6, 1857
This general ledger sheet detailed Eli Thayer's receipts and disbursements in his work on behalf of the New England Emigrant Aid Company between November 30, 1855 and May 6, 1857.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Financial statements; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, S. C. P. [Samuel Clarke Pomeroy] to Dr. [Thomas H.] Webb
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: December 19, 1855
Samuel Pomeroy, writing from Boonville, Missouri, to Dr. Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, described a dinner he attended in Lexington, Missouri with pro-slavery Missourians who had participated in the Wakarusa War. Pomeroy expressed the opinion that the Missourians drank too much alcohol but he reported that he had been allowed to express his anti-slavery views to the group. Pomeroy indicated that the Missourians were particularly upset with Governor Wilson Shannon's intervention in the Wakarusa War.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Missouri; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery perspective; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Violence; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855


Circular, New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Beecher, Lyman , 1775-1863
Date: c. 1855
This letter was written by Lyman Beecher to leaders of regional churches in the Boston area (such as deacons, wardens, vestries, etc.). The focus was on getting churches to buy stock in the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Beecher, Lyman, 1775-1863; Boston, Massachusetts; Churches; Circulars; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1855
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1855
Thomas Webb compiled the information in this circular not to "entice people to go to the Kanzas", but rather to "collect the best and most reliable information relative to the Territory, and furnish the same to those desiring it." The circular provides details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas: when and how it should be done, and what provisions to take, for example. It also includes information about subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, to name a few.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Circulars; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Timber; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Circular, Informational Letter regarding Emigration to Kansas
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: 1855
Edward Hale was the author of this printed letter describing the services provided by the [New England] Emigrant Aid Company and the conditions of settlement in Kansas Territory. Hale included information regarding cost of travel and settlement, conditions of land acquisition, job opportunities, and relations with local Indians. He also addressed the slavery question, and already mentioned occurrences of election fraud on the part of proslavery supporters, but concluded that, in his own opinion "there is no danger whatever for Kanzas".

Keywords: Business enterprises; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Libraries; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Travel; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Quilt, New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1855
Fragment of comforter made by women from the Boston-based New England Emigrant Aid Society. The comforter was sold at a charity raffle in Lawrence in 1855. Proceeds were given to free-state settlers. The fabric is believed to have been taken from Revolutionary War uniforms. Dr. Sylvester B. Prentiss purchased the comforter, which was later divided into sections and distributed among his family members.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Free state; Free state cause; House furnishings; Immigration and early settlement; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Objects; Prentiss, S.B.


Stock Certificate, New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: January 15, 1856
Dated January 15, 1856, this certificate of stock--one share--in the New England Emigrant Aid Company was issued to "John Brown Lawrence K.T."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Stock Certificate, New England Emigrant Aid Society
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company; Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M.S.
Date: January 16, 1856
An example of a New England Emigrant Aid Company stock certificate. This certificate was issued to Charles J. Higginson of Boston, Massachusetts for thirteen shares in the company.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Higginson, Charles J.; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, F. A. Hunt to Thos. H. Webb
Authors: Hunt, F. A.
Date: March 14, 1856
F. A. Hunt, owner of a steamboat and land agent company, wrote from St. Louis, Missouri to Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. Hunt informed Webb that a shipment of 100 rifles and two guns had been seized at Lexington, Missouri while in transit to Leavenworth via the Steamboat Arabia. Hunt stated that unless the weapons had been taken by authority of the U.S. government, the steamboat was liable for the loss. Hunt urged Webb to be more cautious in making shipments of weapons to Kansas.

Keywords: Arabia (Steamboat); Border ruffians; Emigrant aid companies; Guns; Hunt, F. A.; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Steamboats; Weapons (see also Guns); Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Speech, David R. Atchison to Pro-Slavery "Soldiers"
Authors: Atchison, David R.; Root, Joseph Pomeroy
Date: May 21, 1856
According to a note on the top of page one made later by R. J. Hinton, "this report was made for me [Hinton] by or under the direction of Lt. Gov. (Dr.) Root [Joseph Pomeroy Root, subsequently elected the state's first lieutenant governor under the Wyandotte Constitution], who was a prisoner, heard & reported the speech" made by David Atchison to the assembled proslave "Soldiers" camped two miles west of Lawrence before they marched on and sacked the town on May 21, 1856. The transcript is labeled "Hon. David R. Atchison's Speech . . ." and begins, "This is the most glorious day of my life! This day I am a border-ruffian!" Amidst "Yells" and "Cheers," Atchison rallied the "true sons of the noble South," encouraging them to "tear down their Free State Hotel" and "thow into the Kanzas their printing presses," and to bravely follow their "worthy . . . Leader, Col. [John H.] Stringfellow!"

Keywords: Abolitionists; Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Beecher Bibles; Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Free State Hotel; Free state settlers; Free state supporters; Hinton, Richard Josiah; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missourians; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers - Free State; Pierce administration; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Southerners; Stringfellow, John H.


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Wm. Barnes
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: June 14, 1856
Thomas Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Society, wrote from Boston to encourage the New York State Kansas Committee to continue its efforts to support the free state cause in Kansas. Webb expressed his opinion that all Northerners and Westerners needed to join together to defeat proslavery supporters in Kansas.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Boston, Massachusetts; Free state support; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New York State Kansas Committee; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


To the People of the United States
Authors: Cabot, Samuel ; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Higginson, Charles J.; Russell, Le Baron ; Spooner, William B.; Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899; Waters, R. P.; Williams, John M.S.
Date: June 17, 1856
This printed circular was produced by the executive committee of the New England Emigrant Aid Company to respond to what it perceived as errors in the "Report made to the Senate of the United States by the Chairman of the Committee on Territories, March 12, 1856." The circular addressed issues such as it was not a "mammoth moneyed corporation" or that it was not connected to the state of Massachusetts. The document contained a long section on how its purpose was "to aid in the permanent settlement of the Territory of Kanzas by a free and intelligent population" and that it had not attempted to violate the Kansas Nebraska Act. The committee also argued that it had not invested its funds in weapons and that it had not encouraged violence against residents of Missouri. It concluded that many residents of Kansas Territory were supportive of the company and that many of its supporters in Massachusetts were prominent, well respected individuals.

Keywords: Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Higginson, Charles J.; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Russell, Le Baron; Spooner, William B.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; United States. Senate; Waters, R. P.; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Wm. Barnes
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: June 18, 1856
Thomas Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston to inform Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee, that the New England company would send a delegation to a Kansas aid convention to be held in Cleveland. Webb also commented on the strong reaction of Boston residents to recent events in Kansas.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Boston, Massachusetts; Free state support; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New York State Kansas Committee; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Eli Thayer to Mr. [William] Barnes
Authors: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: June 20, 1856
Eli Thayer, writing from Worcester, Massachusetts to William Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee, offered recommendations on how to organize a national Kansas aid organization.

Keywords: Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Free state support; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New York State Kansas Committee; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Worcester, Massachusetts


Advertisement
Authors: Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867
Date: July 2, 1856
This letter was written by George Stearns, chairman of the Massachusetts State Kansas Aid Committee. He described the purpose of the committee and how it differed for the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867


Letter, Eli Thayer to Mr. [Charles] Robinson
Authors: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: August 5, 1856
From Worcester, Mass., on August 5, 1856, the founder of the Emigrant Aid Company wrote Charles Robinson's "brother" about "certain efforts to injure the reputation of your brother" whom Thayer called "heroic." He mentions the Buffalo convention and the shipment of weapons to KT, but the main objective was to reassure the governor via his "brother" that he had not been forgotten and that Thayer would remain his champion in the East.

Keywords: Free state activities; Free state government; Guns; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Weapons (see also Guns); Worcester, Massachusetts


Letter, O. E. L[earnard] to Dear Father [S. T. Learnard]
Authors: Learnard, Oscar E.
Date: August 10, 1856
Oscar Learnard wrote from Lawrence of his continued commitment to the "Sacked City," insisting that he would not be "bullied or frightened" by those committing outrages in Kansas Territory. He commented on the political composition of the territory and Lawrence, where he found many Douglas Democrats. Although there were some "fanatics" and "abolitionists," most residents of Lawrence were "western men" who had been driven to oppose the administration by the outrages. He insisted that the significance of the New England Emigrant Company had been exaggerated and that although more violent confrontations were likely, Kansas would eventually be free.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Douglas Democrats; Dragoons; Free State Party; Kansas question; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pierce administration; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Smith, Persifer F.


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Wm. Barnes
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: September 9, 1856
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Society, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to William Barnes of Albany, New York. Webb lamented the difficulties experienced by free state supporters in Kansas and described efforts to convince the Massachusetts state government to provide aid to the free state settlers. He urged Barnes to launch a similar effort in New York.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Emigrant aid companies; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, L. B. Russell and C. J. Higginson to Messrs. [Samuel C.] Pomeroy and [Charles H.] Branscomb
Authors: Higginson, Charles J.; Russell, Le Baron
Date: October 1, 1856
Le Baron Russell and Charles J. Higginson, members of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston to S. C. Pomeroy and Charles H. Branscomb in Kansas. Russell and Higginson informed the two company agents that they would be required to settle all company accounts, to compile a complete inventory of all company property in Kansas, and to provide a statement of the precise terms of all company contracts, particularly those related. They urged Pomeroy and Branscomb to devote all of their attention to company affairs and to make every effort to manage affairs more frugally.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Emigrant aid companies; Higginson, Charles J.; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Russell, Le Baron


Letter, L. B. Russell and C. J. Higginson to Charles H. Branscomb
Authors: Higginson, Charles J.; Russell, Le Baron
Date: October 1, 1856
Le Baron Russell and Charles J. Higginson, members of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston to Charles H. Branscomb in Kansas. Russell and Higginson informed Branscomb, an agents for the company, that he would oversee the rebuilding of the Free State Hotel in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. The hotel had been destroyed during the May 21, 1856 sack of Lawrence.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Free State Hotel; Higginson, Charles J.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Russell, Le Baron


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Madam [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 3? 1856
Amos A. Lawrence, in Boston, wrote to Sara Robinson regarding her husband's desire to retire from the Emigrant Aid Company, advising her that he not do so until after the November presidential elections. Lawrence also suggested to her that, when writing to President Pierce, she might call him "President" and not "Mister", in order to further her cause. He admitted to Mrs. Robinson, though, that he "has no more love for him" than she does.

Keywords: Davis, Jefferson; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Prisoners; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Dear Madam [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: October 10, 1856
Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston to Sara Robinson, summarizing the proceedings of the Company's Executive Committee meeting of October 3. Webb told Mrs. Robinson that they had received and honored Dr. Charles Robinson's request to resign from the Committee. He added that the members of the Executive Committee still wished to maintain communication with Dr. Robinson "regarding all matters that concern the cause of Kansas", and that Robinson would continue to be paid for the following six months.

Keywords: New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866



Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: November 20, 1856
The letter indicated that J. S. Emery was duly authorized by the New England Emigrant Aid Company as an agent to organize state, county, and town associations in New Hampshire to provide aid to Kansas. Webb suggested they follow the model established in Massachusetts. He also made it clear that the state association would be responsible for paying Mr. Emery for his efforts in organizing New Hampshire.

Keywords: Emery, James Stanley; Free state activities; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New Hampshire; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Account Book, 1856-57
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 1856 - April 1857
This cloth bound journal, identified as "Dr. Chas Robinson Account Book, 1856-1866," contains territorial entries for 1856 and 1857 only--entries such as, "S. W. Simpson To Joel Walker For Draft (for the purchase of land)" for $500 and "Notes Receivable // To Sales of Stock // For Thaddeus Hyatt's Note . . . The understanding is that Hyatt shall not receive his certificate for shares until he has put on the Kaw River a Steamboat of 40 tons buthen, worth $5000., and suitable to navigating the Kaw River."

Keywords: Account books; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Financial statements; Grover, Joel; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Steamboats; Walker, Joel; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1856
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1856
Thomas Webb expanded the information in his previous version of this circular to produce a more current edition. Topics such as travel routes, preparation, and provisions are still discussed, while more information regarding town settlements, accommodations, and family life are new additions.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brown, John Carter; Cities and towns; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Timber; Town development; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Photograph, Martin Franklin Conway
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Between 1857 and 1861
Portrait of Martin Franklin Conway, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, a free state activist and political leader. He was a agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company and the Executive Committee of Kansas Territory. Conway was a delegate to several constitutional conventions and the Republican National Convention. He was the first Kansan elected to Congress.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Constitutional conventions; Conway, Martin Franklin; Leonard; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement)


Trial Balances, New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: January 1, 1857 - January 1, 1861
These trial balances were prepared by the New England Emigrant Aid Company listing major company assets and liabilities. Most of the trial balances include the value of property owned in various towns in Kansas Territory. Trial balances are included for: January 1, 1857; May 25, 1857; December 1, 1857; May 25, 1858; January 1, 1859: July 1, 1859; January 1, 1859; January 1, 1860; June 1, 1860; and January 1, 1861.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Financial statements; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Letter, F. [Francis] M. Serenbetz to E. E. [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Serenbetz, Francis M.
Date: March 14, 1857
Francis M. Serenbetz, a German immigrant and minister, wrote from Hartford, Connecticut to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Serenbetz informed Hale that he planned to lead a group of about a dozen families of fellow Germans to Kansas to establish a "christian community." Attached to the letter is an agreement, dated February 8, 1857, outlining the communal labor and property arrangements for the proposed Kansas settlement.

Keywords: Collective settlement; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Ethnic groups; Germans; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Hartford, Connecticut; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Religion; Religious communities; Serenbetz, Francis M.


Letter, Eli Thayer to Capt. [John] Brown
Authors: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: March 30, 1857
Thayer, the president of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote Brown from his home in Worcester, Mass., that he (Thayer) and his associates had "not the remotest idea of relinquishing Kansas" and that he would send Brown $50. Thayer also asked when Brown planned to visit Worcester.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state cause; Kansas question; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, E. [Ephraim] Nute to Rev. E. E. [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Nute, Ephraim
Date: April 6, 1857
Rev. Ephraim Nute, minister of the Lawrence Unitarian Church, wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Nute included a list of books that he wished to add to his Unitarian church library. Nute commented on the difficulties experienced by those attempting to spread Christianity in Kansas. He also observed that immigration to Kansas was increasing.

Keywords: Books; Churches; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Entertainment; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Libraries; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nute, Ephraim; Reading; Relief; Religion


Letter, C. [Charles] Robinson to Rev. E. E. [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: April 7, 1857
Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Robinson complained about the lack of respect he had received from New England Emigrant Aid Company leaders. He was particularly upset about criticisms of his financial ability. Robinson expressed anger at what he perceived as Eli Thayer's and the New England Emigrant Aid Company's opposition to the development of the town of Quindaro. Robinson included excerpts from a letter he received from James Redpath outlining Thayer's criticisms of Robinson's involvement with Quindaro.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, Charles H. Branscomb to Rev. Edward E. Hale
Authors: Branscomb, Charles H.
Date: April 25, 1857
Charles Branscomb wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Branscomb informed Hale that he had advanced money Francis Serenbetz and his party of thirty German emigrants to assist them in their effort to establish a colony on the Neosho River. Branscomb indicated that there had been considerable confusion about whether the New England Emigrant Aid Company had agreed to provide the Serenbetz party with funds, but he felt it best to provide the money.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Collective settlement; Germans; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nute, Ephraim; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Religious communities; Serenbetz, Francis M.; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, E. [Ephraim] Nute to [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Nute, Ephraim
Date: April 28, 1857
Rev. Ephraim Nute, minister of the Lawrence Unitarian Church, wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Nute observed that Francis Serenbetz, a German Congregational minister, and his party of thirty German immigrants were in Lawrence and getting ready to head south to establish a colony on the Neosho River that they planned to name Humboldt. Nute was not optimistic that the Serenbetz party would succeed due to their lack of financial resources. Nute commented that immigration into Kansas continued to increase and estimated that nearly 1,000 people per day entered the territory. He stated that most of the new immigrants were from Western states and "of the right kind to stay." Nute also commented on the lack of saw and grist mills in the territory and blamed the New England Emigrant Aid Company for the deficiency.

Keywords: Collective settlement; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Germans; Gristmills; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Humboldt, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nute, Ephraim; Religious communities; Sawmills; Serenbetz, Francis M.


Letter, A. A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: April 29, 1857
A. A. Lawrence wrote from Boston to Charles Robinson regarding various complaints and general "dissatisfaction" that he had heard of Robinson. Lawrence advised Robinson to avoid disagreement and controversy with the New England Emigrant Aid Company, as the company had great financial and moral power. However, he agreed with Robinson and Pomeroy's decisions regarding the promotion of education in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Lawrence also referred an upcoming election, where free state men would be forced to vote to avoid a split ticket.

Keywords: Education; Elections; Lawrence University; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sampson, Rev. W.H.; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


The Lykins or Robitaille Float
Authors: Moore, Ely
Date: May 14, 1857
This printed form was sent to the agent of the New England Emigrant Aid Company to inform him of a land claim by Robert Robitaille, a Wyandot Indian, to a portion of the city of Lawrence. It was sent by the General Land Office in Lecompton, Kansas Territory, and was signed by Ely Moore, register and William Brindle, receiver. William Lykins and Achilles Ward are mentioned in the description of the property being disputed.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brindle, William; Immigration and early settlement; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Lykins, William H. R.; Moore, Ely; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robitaille, Robert; United States. General Land Office; Wade, Achilles B.; Wyandot Indians


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: May 16, 1857
A. A. Lawrence wrote to Charles Robinson in Kansas Territory from Green Bay, Wisconsin. Lawrence commented on the recently appointed Governor of Kansas Territory, Robert John Walker, and criticized his desire to split the free state party. He referred to disagreements within the New England Emigrant Aid Company, and mentioned that he had resigned his position as Treasurer. Lawrence also discussed the collapse of land speculation all over the West.

Keywords: Kansas Territory. Governor; Land sales; Land speculation; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Treasurer's Annual Report of the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: May 25, 1857
Amos A. Lawrence, treasurer of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, prepared this balance sheet listing company assets and liabilities as of May 25, 1857.

Keywords: Account books; Eldridge House; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Financial statements; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Finance Committee's Schedule of Kanzas Property owned by the N. E. Em. Aid Co.
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company Finance Committee
Date: May 26, 1857
A summary listing of the real property owned by the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas. The report lists the estimated value of each property, with the total value being $112, 400.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Burlington, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Financial statements; Hotels; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company Finance Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town shares; Wabaunsee, Kansas Territory


Articles of Agreement and Specifications, Topeka School House Construction
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: June 9, 1857
Charles H. Branscomb, acting on behalf of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, contracted with Abner Doane to construct a school house on Harrison St. in Topeka. Detailed construction specifications for the school house were included as part of the agreement.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Construction; Doane, Abner; Education; New England Emigrant Aid Company; School buildings; Schools; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Letter, E. [Ephraim] Nute to [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Nute, Ephraim
Date: August 3, 1857
Rev. Ephraim Nute, minister of the Lawrence Unitarian Church, wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Nute described efforts to establish a high school in Lawrence as well as a university in Kansas Territory. He also advised Hale to pay close attention to the activities of Francis Serenbetz, a German Congregational minister who was the leader of a group of German immigrants who settled in Humboldt, Kansas Territory. In Nute's opinion, Serenbetz was an "unmitigated humbug and nuisance" who came to Kansas for self-interested reasons. Nute urged Hale to stop sending settlers to Kansas who lacked financial resources or a willingness to work to support themselves.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Election, Topeka Constitution, August 1857; Elections; Emigrant aid companies; Germans; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nute, Ephraim; Schools; Serenbetz, Francis M.; Topeka Constitution; Universities and colleges


Page from the "Kansas Herald of Freedom"
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 1857
A December 1857 page from the "Kansas Herald of Freedom" free state newspaper. George W. Brown served as the editor of the paper, which was an organ of the New England Emigrant Aid Company in the Territory.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Free state activities; Herald of Freedom; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers


Aid for Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857
This article declares that the New England Kansas Aid Committee has received generous contributions for the free state settlers in Kansas. It also mentions that since the immediate needs of the settlers have been cared for, the most urgent need now is for investments in land and labor.

Keywords: Free state supporters; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Relief; Relief funds


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1857
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1857
Thomas Webb compiled this more comprehensive version of his earlier circulars by the same name. Containing much of the same information as the previous versions, such as details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas and subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, it features a large section that describes individual town settlements. This circular also addresses the proslavery and free state conflict, though in a nonpartisan manner, considering the interests of both groups.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Books; Brown, John Carter; Circulars; Crops; Diseases; Education; Food; Guns; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Libraries; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Religion; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Town settlement; Transportation; Travel literature; Weapons (see also Guns); Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Account Book, 1858-59
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: January 1858 - June 1859
This cloth bound journal, identified as "Account Book of Gov. Charles Robinson, January 1, 1858--June 15, 1872," began with an "Inventory of Property belonging to C. Robinson," land and shares, as well as a list of people to whom he owed money. The inventory referred to Lawrence property, a "Wyandotte Float," and shares in the towns of Topeka, Quindaro, etc.

Keywords: Account books; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Financial statements; Fitchburg, Massachusetts; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town companies; Wyandot Float; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, M. [Martin] Brimmer to M. [Martin] F. Conway
Authors: Brimmer, Martin
Date: February 6, 1858
Martin Brimmer, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway. Brimmer informed Conway that he had been appointed the company's general agent for Kansas Territory, replacing Charles Branscomb. Brimmer instructed Conway to recommend local agents for Topeka, Manhattan, and Osawatomie.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Brimmer, Martin; Conway, Martin Franklin; Emigrant aid companies; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891


Letter, Chas. H. Branscomb to Sir [Martin Brimmer]
Authors: Branscomb, Charles H.
Date: April 12, 1858
Charles H. Branscomb, a former general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory, wrote from Lawrence to Martin Brimmer, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee. Branscomb defended his performance as general agent for the company and expressed his surprise at having been asked to resign his position.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Brimmer, Martin; Emigrant aid companies; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Letter, M. [Martin] Brimmer to M. [Martin] F. Conway
Authors: Brimmer, Martin
Date: April 23, 1858
Martin Brimmer, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Brimmer described a financial dispute with the company's previous general agent, Charles Branscomb, and he requested that Conway investigate whether the company should file a lawsuit against Branscomb.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Brimmer, Martin; Conway, Martin Franklin; Emigrant aid companies; Lawsuits; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. [Martin] F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: April 30, 1858
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb provided Conway with a detailed description of the property owned by the company in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Webb was quite critical of Charles Branscomb's, the company's previous general agent, administration of company property in the town.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Real estate; Town development; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, E. Nute to [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Nute, Ephraim
Date: May 10, 1858
Rev. Ephraim Nute, minister of the Lawrence Unitarian Church, wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Nute inquired about the possibility of Hale arranging a loan of $2000 at reasonable interest for the completion of the Unitarian Church in Lawrence. He reported on the high rates of interest being charged for loans in Kansas Territory and on the general effects of the panic of 1857 on the territorial economy. Nute also expressed his dissatisfaction with the Buchanan administration's handling of the Lecompton Constitution and his hope that a change in presidential administration in 1860 would result in Kansas' admission as a free state.

Keywords: Babcock, Carmi William; Blood, James; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Emigrant aid companies; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Loans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nute, Ephraim; Panic of 1857; Religion; Unitarian church buildings


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: May 15, 1858
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb expressed satisfaction that Conway appeared to be putting the company's affairs in Kansas Territory in order. But he described his "melancholy" over the poor management of the Company's business interests in the past.

Keywords: Conway, Martin Franklin; Emigrant aid companies; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: July 6, 1858
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb, in a lettered identified as being "Unofficial," described his personal investments in town shares and lots in several Kansas Territory locations including Manhattan, Burlington, Topeka, Lawrence, and Quindaro.

Keywords: Conway, Martin Franklin; Land speculation; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Real estate; Speculation; Town lots; Town shares; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, M. Brimmer to M. F. Conway
Authors: Brimmer, Martin
Date: July 16, 1858
Martin Brimmer, member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Brimmer asked Conway for advice on whether the Company should start offering to sell town lots and shares on terms requiring a cash down payment and the balance paid over a period of months. Previously, the Company had required a cash payment for the entire cost of the town share or lot. Brimmer also speculated speculating that Kansans would vote against the Lecompton Constitution in the upcoming August 1858 election.

Keywords: Brimmer, Martin; Conway, Martin Franklin; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, August 1858; Election, Lecompton Constitution, August 1857; Emigrant aid companies; Land acquisition; Land sales; Leavenworth Constitution; Lecompton Constitution; Loans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Real estate; Town lots; Town shares


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Dear Sir [Isaac Goodnow]
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: July 21, 1858
Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote to Isaac Goodnow, indicating his overwhelming approval for the creation of a college in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, not knowing of a "more beautiful and eligible spot than the one selected." Webb communicated his pride in the fact that a Free State supporter would be the one to initiate such a project, and told Goodnow he had recently received a $12,000 donation from a Massachussetts man, which was to support the college.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Free state supporters; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Landscape; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Universities and colleges; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Financial Statements, M. F. Conway to N. E. Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Conway, Martin Franklin
Date: August 1, 1858 - January 1, 1859
These monthly financial statements, submitted by Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory, detailed company income and expenditures for a six month period between July and December 1858. Conway provided particularly full accounts of his traveling expenses during frequent trips around the territory.

Keywords: Account books; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Finance; Financial statements; Food; Hotels; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stagecoaches; Transportation; Travel


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: August 28, 1858
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb gave instructions to Conway on several New England Emigrant Aid Company business matters including the potential sale of the mill in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Webb comments on the decline in real estate values in Kansas Territory in the aftermath of the Panic of 1857.

Keywords: Batcheller, Kansas Territory; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Real estate; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town lots; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Resolution of the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: September 13, 1858
Thomas Webb drafted this copy of a resolution adopted by the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, which moved to allow Isaac Goodnow to sell twenty Manhattan town lots owned by the Company, with 50% of the proceeds going to support Goodnow's fund to support the founding of a college in Manhattan, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Town lots; Universities and colleges; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: February 19, 1859
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb provided instructions to Conway on several New England Emigrant Aid Company business matters including the sale of property in Atchison, Kansas Territory. Webb state that it would be desirable to hold the Atchison property until real estate values increased, but he informed Conway that the Company needed cash immediately and that the properties should be sold as soon as possible.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Branscomb, Charles H.; Conway, Martin Franklin; Economic conditions; Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Real estate; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Friend [Martin F.] Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: March 23, 1859
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb informed Conway of the Company's desire to end its operations in Kansas as soon as possible. He recommended that Conway sell the Company's mill equipment at a low price and suggested that he sell it to the Batchelder Town Company. In a postscript, Webb urged Conway to prepare information to present to the territorial legislature related to Company claims for losses during the early territorial troubles, particularly for losses incurred during the May 1856 sack of Lawrence.

Keywords: Batcheller, Kansas Territory; Conway, Martin Franklin; Damage claims; Emigrant aid companies; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: April 30, 1859
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb informed Conway that the Company's Executive Committee had approved a proposal to sell mill equipment to the Batcheller Town Company.

Keywords: Batcheller Town Association; Batcheller, Kansas Territory; Conway, Martin Franklin; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Town companies; Town development; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, C. Robinson to My Dear L [Amos A. Lawrence]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: May 9, 1859
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson described the complicated political situation which had arisen from the development of Quindaro. Personal disagreements between Abelard Guthrie, S.N. Simpson, Joel Walker, and himself were making progress difficult. Robinson hoped that, upon their resolution, they could move forward with securing a contract with the Parkville & Grand River Railroad, as well as plans for a college. Two church groups had expressed interest in opening up their own institutions, or working with Robinson to found one. Robinson included a plat map for a prospective site, to which he did not entirely give his support; he added comments regarding the admission of women to the college, and thanked Lawrence again for his support of their enterprises.

Keywords: Churches; Divorce; Emery, James Stanley; Guthrie, Abelard; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Parkville & Grand River Railroad; Railroad companies; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Universities and colleges; Walker, Joel; Women; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: August 17, 1859
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb expressed disappointment about the manner in which a territorial claims committee viewed New England Emigrant Aid Company claims for damages. He also stated his concern about seeing the Company listed as a delinquent taxpayer in the Lawrence Republican newspaper.

Keywords: Claims (see Damage claims or Land claims); Conway, Martin Franklin; Damage claims; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Property tax; Taxation; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: August 20, 1859
Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. He expressed his concern about a rumor that the Company's mill in Manhattan had been sold because of delinquent taxes. Webb asked Conway to investigate the matter.

Keywords: Conway, Martin Franklin; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Property tax; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Tax-sales; Taxation; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Wm. Keller to Sir Mr. [Thomas H. ?] Webb
Authors: Keller, William
Date: December 20, 1859
From Cottonwood Falls, Kansas Territory, on December 20, 1859, William Keller wrote to Thomas H. Webb (Boston, New England Emigrant Aid Co.) regarding the events leading up to (Missouri raid in late December) and including the so-called Battle of the Spurs, January 31, 1859, involving "old John Brown," some of his men, and eleven fugitive slaves.

Keywords: Abolitionists; African Americans; Battles; Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, Frederick; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Cottonwood Falls, Kansas Territory; Fugitive slaves; Keller, William; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Slaves; Spurs, Battle of the; Stevens, Aaron Dwight (see also Whipple, Charles); Topeka Academy; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Whipple, Charles (see also Stevens, Aaron)


Letter, R. A. Randlett to Ely Thayer
Authors: Randlett, Reuben A.
Date: February 25, 1860
With regard to clothing sent from New England to "the poor of Kansas in 1856," R. A. Randlett of Topeka sought to find out if Thayer's Emigrant Aid Company was involved and if officials had intended that the clothing be sold or given away. The clothing was sold during the summer of 1857 "on a years time," according to Randlett, and now some men were trying to collect for it.

Keywords: Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New Hampshire; Randlett, Reuben A.; Relief fraud; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Report, New England Emigrant Aid Company Texan Committee
Authors: Cabot, Samuel ; New England Emigrant Aid Company Texan Committee
Date: March 8, 1860
S[amuel] Cabot submitted a report of the Texan Committee to the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee. The committee recommended that the Company take action to settle portions of Texas northwest of San Antonio with antislavery advocates as part of the effort to halt the westward advance of slavery. Cabot expressed the committee's view that the only peaceful solution to the slavery issue required demonstrating to slaveholders the superiority of free labor over slave labor; the committee believed West Texas a logical place for this demonstration to occur.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Antislavery perspective; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company Texan Committee; Settlement; Texas


Recollections of 1854
Authors: Savage, Joseph
Date: June 23, 1870 - September 29, 1870
Originally published as an almost weekly column in the Western Home Journal, Lawrence, Kansas, beginning June 23, 1870, "Recollections of 1854" were written by Joseph Savage. Savage was born in Hartford, Vermont, on July 28, 1823, and came to Kansas Territory with the New England Emigrant Aid Company's second party. The "Recollections" provide a detailed and personal account of Savage's journey from Boston to Kansas Territory, and the first few months of settlement in Lawrence. The original Savage narrative, which appeared in twelve installments (June 23, 30, July 7, 14, 21, 28, August 4, 11, 18, September 8, 22, 29, 1870), has been faithfully transcribe in its entirety by Shelley Hickman Clark, University of Kansas Law School. The text version provides the content of these newspaper columns but images of the original newspaper columns are not available. See also 'Lawrence in 1854: Recollections of Joseph Savage," Kansas History 27 (Spring-Summer 2004), http://www.kshs.org/publicat/history/2004spring_clark.pdf.

Keywords: Daily life; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Savage, Joseph; Travel


Reminiscence, Account of obtaining Sharp's rifles
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: unknown
James Abbott recalled his experiences as a free state activist who participated in several Territorial conflicts. This transcribed version of the events is either a copy of an original handwritten manuscript or a compilation based on a personal oral interview. Abbott related a brief history of the Territory's political conflicts between free state and proslavery men and recounted the events of his own trip back East to secure funds and rifles for the free state cause. His purchases included a mountain howitzer and 117 sharp's rifles, all of which were smuggled under cover of disguise back to Kansas Territory and into the arms of free state militia.

Keywords: Abbott howitzer; Abbott, James Burnett; Cracklin, Joseph; Free state activities; Free state militia; Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; Hutchinson, George W.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903; Proslavery activities; Saunders, Henry F.; Sharps rifles; Walker, Samuel Douglas; Weapons (see also Guns)


Photograph, Thomas H. Webb
Authors: J. W. Black & Co.
Date: 
Thomas H. Webb, Boston, Massachusetts, was secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. His name appears in publications of the Company and he is a frequent correspondent with people in Kansas Territory connected to the company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabinet photographs; Emigrant aid companies; Free state cause; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Photograph, Edward Everett Hale
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1859
Portrait of Edward Everett Hale, author and member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. He authored the first book on Kansas, " Kanzas and Nebraska: The History, Geographical and Physical Characteristics, and Political Position of those Territories; an Account of the Emigrant Aid Companies and Directions to Emigrants".

Keywords: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations


Circular by various Protestant ministers on behalf of the activities of the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Gaffield, Thomas J.; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Stowe, Calvin E.
Date: 
This printed circular indicated that nineteen Protestant ministers in the Boston area were urging emigration to Kansas under the auspices of the New England Emigrant Aid Company because the ministers listed believed "that no christian work demanded effort more than the work for peopling Kanzas with men and women who were resolved to make it free." The ministers proposed to raise $60,000 to aid emigration efforts. The document listed four areas of interest to the emigrant aid company--freedom, religion, education, and temperance. All nineteen ministers were listed in the document that was signed by Calvin E. Stowe, Andover; Edward E. Hale, Worcester; and Thomas J. Gaffield, Boston.

Keywords: Beecher, Lyman, 1775-1863; Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Gaffield, Thomas J.; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lowell, Charles; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stowe, Calvin E.; Worcester, Massachusetts


Photograph, James S. Emery
Authors: Bowman, photographer
Date: 
James Stanley Emery had a law practice in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. He was associated with the New England Emigrant Aid Company, but he also worked as a journalist for the New York Daily Times. He was involved in numerous free state activities both in Kansas and in the East.

Keywords: Bowman, photographer; Cabinet photographs; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emery, James Stanley; Free state supporters; Journalists; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lawyers; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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