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86 results for Native Americans:
Polling Book, delegate election, Wyandott nation, Nebraska Territory
Authors: Andrews, Benjamin ; Walker, William
Date: October 12, 1852
This three-page document represented the "return of votes polled at the election held in the Wyandott nation, Nebraska Territory, October 12th 1852, for a delegate to represent the aforesaid Territory in the thirty-second Congress of the United States. Abelard Guthrie, who is also on the voter roll, received all 35 votes cast. Guthrie, who married into the Wyandot tribe, was later involved in the development of Quindaro. With one or two exception--e.g.., Thomas Coon Hawk--the names on the roll appear to be Anglo-American in origin.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Congressional delegate; Election, Nebraska Territory, October 1852; Elections; Guthrie, Abelard; Native Americans; Nebraska Territory; United States. Congress; Walker, William; Wyandot Indians; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Map showing the location of the Indian Tribes within the United States. Compiled and Drawn by Captn. S. Eastman U. S. A. 1852.
Authors: Eastman, Seth ; Williams, W.
Date: 1852
Early map showing Native American inhabitants in Oregon. Hand colored. Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Shows Santa Fe Trail. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Removed from unknown source. Upper right margin: Plate 21. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Eastman, Seth; Maps; Native Americans; Williams, W.


Letter, James [Griffing] to My Beloved [J. Augusta Goodrich]
Authors: Griffing, James Sayre
Date: September 1854
James Griffing wrote from Indianapolis, Indiana to his fiancee J. Augusta Goodrich in Owego, New York. Griffing, a Methodist minister, discussed his plans to go to "Nebraska." He stated that there had been reports of Indian depredations in Kansas Territory, and commented that "encroachments" of whites upon Indian lands would lead either to greater violence or to the Indians disappearing "noiselessly before the consuming avarice of the white man."

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Emigration and immigration; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); Indian raids; Indianapolis, Indiana; Native Americans


Journey from Massachusetts to Kansas
Authors: Allen, Chestina Bowker
Date: October 17, 1854 - April 22, 1858
Chestina Bowker Allen traveled to Kansas Territory from Roxbury, Massachusetts, with her husband Asahel Gilbert Allen and five children--William, Charles, Henrietta, John, and Abbie. Apparently, they were members of the third company sent by the New England Emigrant Aid Company and began the journey to Kansas Territory in October, 1854. While the title indicated it recorded the journey to the territory, it actually documented their first three years in Kansas Territory. Mrs. Allen described their journey west with stops in Kansas City and Lawrence. They eventually settled near Rock Creek in Pottawatomie County. She wrote about many of her daily activities including assisting neighbors when ill. She mentioned a cholera epidemic in the area in 1855. She wrote about various rumors and encounters with free state supporters (which the Allen family was) and proslavery groups. She provided a great deal of information about living conditions and the price and availability of various goods. She wrote about her husband and older sons going to various communities to work and also about people that visited their home and those who boarded with them. She provided fairly stereotypical descriptions of Native Americans.The document appeared to be recopied from an original diary and included some penciled in corrections and a few annotations from a later time.

Keywords: Allen, Asahel Gilbert; Allen, Charles Bowker; Allen, Chestina Bowker; Allen, William Francis; American Indians (see also Native Americans); Daily life; Diaries; Diseases; Economic conditions; Ferries; Free state supporters; Louisville, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Native Americans; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Rock Creek, Kansas Territory; Settlement; Steamboats


Letter, Robert A. Tovey to My Dear Wife [Eliza (Matthew) Tovey]
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: December 17, 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr, having arrived in "Kanzas" Territory, wrote to his wife, Eliza (Matthew) Tovey, at their home in Albany, New York. Tovey described his working and living conditions, calling his Native American boss "most pleasant" and his living arrangements "comfortable," though infested with rats. Tovey, also a preacher, mentioned that the Methodist Church, the single place of worship in town, was willing to share their space with other denominations.

Keywords: Churches; Daily life; Emigration and immigration; Immigrants; Labor; Native Americans; Religion; Tovey, Robert Atkins


Map of Nebraska and Kansas Territories. Showing the Location of the Indian Reserves, according to the Treaties of 1854. Compiled by S. Eastman, Captain, U. S. A.
Authors: E. S. Duval & Co.; Eastman, Seth
Date: 1854
Hand colored. Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fee trail. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Includes Notes From Indian Treaties Made in1854 (text) below map title. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); E. S. Duval and Co.; Eastman, Seth; Maps; Native Americans


Circular, Plan of Operations of the Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Date: 1854
This circular, written "for the purpose of answering numerous inquiries, concerning the plan of operation of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company, and the resources of the Kansas Territory", contains two sections. The first outlines the objectives and plans of the Aid Company; the second, longer portion, serves as a type of almanac about journeying to and settling in Kansas Territory. The Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was the predecessor of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which was formed in 1855.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Circulars; Crops; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Landscape; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Native Americans; Park, George S.; Smoky Hill Valley, Kansas Territory; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Transportation; Wakarusa River; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Kanzas and Nebraska: the History, Geographical, and Physical Characteristics, and Political Position of those Territories; an account of the Emigrant Aid Companies and Directions to Emigrants
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: 1854
This volume is generally accepted as the first book on Kansas. It dealt with Nebraska Territory also. The author, Edward Everett Hale indicated that he had researched the various memoirs and exploration journals of the various white men who had visited the area before its creation as a territory. This research resulted in a narrative history that focused on Native Americans and events in the area prior to 1854. Hale also included information about emigrant aid companies and the volume included some printed letters from emigrant aid company agents. The volume included the charter and "objects" of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid company, which was organized in March, 1854. Hale also provided some information on the Emigrant Aid Company of New York and Connecticut, which was organized in July, 1854 and the Union Emigration Society. The Appendices include the constitution of the Worcester Co. Kanzas League and a letter from George S. Park describing the Kansas and Smoky Hill river valleys.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Exploration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Journals; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Landscape; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Native Americans; Park, George S.; Railroads; Settlement; Smoky Hill River, Kansas Territory; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Union Emigration Society; Worcester County Kansas League


By Authority. Official Message of His Excellency Gov. A. H. Reeder, to the First Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Kansas.
Authors: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: July 3, 1855
This printed version of Reeder's address included a review of how the land that became Kansas was acquired by the United States and of various legislation and treaties that applied before the passage of the Kansas Nebraska Act. Reeder also identified some of the responsibilities of the Legislature including establising a means of determining if Kansas was to be slave or free, establishing counties, setting up a judicial system, levying taxes, organizing a militia, determining a permanent seat of government, and creating a constitution. He also included some statistics from the first official census, which recorded 2,904 qualified voters out of 8,521 residents (only free males could vote). Reeder indicated the need to resolve the issue of selling intoxicating liquors to Native Americans.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Census; Courts; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Native Americans; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864


Public Notice, Copy of Instruction for Wyandotte Float
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: September 1, 1855
It appeared that Dr. Johnston Lykins, an active Indian agent and land speculator, made this copy in longhand on September 1, 1855, of a notice issued the previous day by the surveyor general for Kansas and Nebraska territories, John Calhoun. These "instructions for Wyandot float" were said to provide protection of "the rights of the Wyandott Indians reserves," described here as "thirty-five in number . . . One Section of 640 acres each, 'out of any of the lands west of the Mississippi river, set apart for Indian use.'" The document provided the details for how this was to work in practice.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Calhoun, John; Indian floats; Land speculation; Lykins, Johnston; Native Americans; Wyandot Float; Wyandot Indians


The United States of America
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1855
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts and missions. Shows three proposed routes for a railroad to West Coast identified as Proposed Route For Pacific R. R. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Route. Shows Fremonts Route 1843. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Removed from unknown source with page numbers 7 and 8. Shows railroads, canals and state capitals. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); J. H. Colton & Co.; Maps; Native Americans; Railroads


Nebraska and Kanzas
Authors: J. H. Colton & Co.
Date: 1855
The map, published in 1855, showed the eastern portions of both Kansas and Nebraska. The Nebraska portion depicts the counties that had been established at that time. The Kansas portion included cities, various Indian reservations, and rivers.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Indian lands; Maps; Native Americans; Nebraska Territory


Circular, Informational Letter regarding Emigration to Kansas
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: 1855
Edward Hale was the author of this printed letter describing the services provided by the [New England] Emigrant Aid Company and the conditions of settlement in Kansas Territory. Hale included information regarding cost of travel and settlement, conditions of land acquisition, job opportunities, and relations with local Indians. He also addressed the slavery question, and already mentioned occurrences of election fraud on the part of proslavery supporters, but concluded that, in his own opinion "there is no danger whatever for Kanzas".

Keywords: Business enterprises; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Libraries; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Travel; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Narrative," A Twelve Months Practical Life in Kansas Territory, written by an actual settler"
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: ca. 1855
Robert Atkins Tovey wrote these pages so that "those who are going forth with their wives & children, their property, yea their all on earth should have the information covering the country to which they are making a Pilgrimage" from someone who has recently made the same journey. Broken up into chapters by subject, Tovey gave advice about the journey and settlement, provisions, land claims, soil, and weather, in addition to providing commentary about the current political situation and his disgust at the "Mob law" being imposed by the Missourians.

Keywords: African Americans; American Indians (see also Native Americans); Daily life; Election fraud; Free state perspective; Kansas Territory; Landscape; Missourians; Native Americans; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Settlement; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Slavery; Slaves; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Transportation; Travel; Weather


Nebraska and Kanzas.
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1855
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Identifies Route Explored for Pacific Railroad by Capt. Gunnison. Identifies Route Explored for Pacific Railroad by Lieut. Beskwith. Identifies route for a proposed railroad to the West Coast as Gov. Stevens' Route & Line of Proposed Pacific Railroad Updated railroad routes are shown on map; however, no changes show on Kansas portion of map. Indicates Native American inhabitation Removed from Colton's Atlas of the World with page number 50. Archaic spelling of Kansas. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); J. H. Colton & Co.; Maps; Native Americans; Railroads


History of Kansas: and Emigrant's Guide.
Authors: Chapman, J. Butler
Date: 1855
The title page of the printed volume indicated that it contained "a description geographical and topographical--also climate, soil, productions and comparative value with other states and territories, including its political history, officers-candidates-emigrant colonies-election, abolition, squatter and pro-slavery contentions and inquisitions; with the prospects of the territory for freedom or slavery. Mr. Chapman was a resident of the territory and the information in the booklet was compiled by traveling through Kansas Territory in 1854. The description covers most of the territory and includes information about Native American tribes and lands.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Delaware Indians; Economic conditions; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigrant aid companies - Pro-slavery; Emigration and immigration; Free state prospects; Land; Landscape; Native Americans; Proslavery; Settlement; Wyandot Indians


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1855
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1855
Thomas Webb compiled the information in this circular not to "entice people to go to the Kanzas", but rather to "collect the best and most reliable information relative to the Territory, and furnish the same to those desiring it." The circular provides details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas: when and how it should be done, and what provisions to take, for example. It also includes information about subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, to name a few.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Circulars; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Timber; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Thomas A. Hendricks to John A. Halderman
Authors: Hendricks, Thomas A.
Date: January 16, 1856
Thomas A. Hendricks, commissioner, General Land Office, Lecompton, wrote to J. A. Halderman of Leavenworth regarding a request for information about the preemption laws. He indicated that circulars were being sent and briefly discussed Indian reserves that are not subject to preemption but rather were "to be sold by the United States, on account and for the benefit of said Indians."

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Delaware Indians; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Halderman, John Adams; Hendricks, Thomas A.; Indian reserves; Iowa Indians; Native Americans; Preemption law United States; United States. General Land Office


Letter, O. [Orville] C. Brown to Dear Sir [Edward Allen]
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: March 18, 1856
Orville C. Brown wrote from his home in Osawatomie to Edward Allen, describing the location of Osawatomie and the natural resources in the area. He also informed the recipient of the letter about the essential provisions to bring when emigrating to Kansas, as well as the current situation of free staters in Kansas.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Free state cause; Indian lands; Mills and mill-work; Native Americans; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory


Letter, Wilm. Donaldson to Mr. Thos. Stinson
Authors: Donaldson, William
Date: April 4, 1856
William Donaldson, writing from the Shawnee Indian Reserve in Johnson County, Kansas Territory, informed Thomas N. Stinson that an Indian agent, William Gay, was taking a census of the Shawnee Indians in Kansas. He indicated that the census would be used to determine government payments made to Shawnees. Donaldson reported that a number of adopted Shawnee tribe members who had been receiving government payments had been struck from the payrolls. Stinson, whose wife was Shawnee, had been adopted by the tribe and apparently was receiving government payments. Donaldson reported that Stinson's name had not yet been removed from the payroll.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Census; Donaldson, William; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Native Americans; Shawnee Indian Reserve; Shawnee Indians


Letter, Ke Kahn [Joseph N. Bourassa] to Ne Kahn [Thomas N. Stinson]
Authors: Bourassa, Joseph N.
Date: September 6, 1856
Joseph N. Bourassa, a Pottawatomie Indian who signed this letter with his Indian name of Ke Kahn, wrote to Thomas N. Stinson, a Tecumseh resident and Indian trader who had been adopted by the Shawnee tribe and given the Indian name of Ne Kahn. Bourassa, an interpreter for the Pottawatomie Agency, described difficulties in finding laborers to cut the hay that he had promised to provide to Stinson.

Keywords: Agriculture; American Indians (see also Native Americans); Bourassa, Joseph N.; Ke Kahn; Labor; Native Americans; Ne Kahn; Pottawatomi Indians; Stinson, Thomas N.; Workers (see also Labor)


Brief for Applicant in the matter of the "Wyandott Robitaille Float."
Authors: Weer, William
Date: Circa 1856
William Weer served as legal counsel for the Wyandotte Reserve and presented this brief on behalf of William Lykins and Robert Robitaille apparently to the Commissioner of the Land Office at Lecompton, Kansas Territory. Lykins and Robitaille were attempting to receive a patent for land that was also claimed by the Lawrence Association, Gaius Jenkins, Charles Robinson, S. J. Livingston, George G. Mathews, and William Savage. The brief contained a short history of the Wyandot tribes removal west and various treaties involving land. The claim involved parts of the city of Lawrence. The brief cited various cases and laws upon which Mr. Weer based his arguments.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Indian floats; Indian lands; Jenkins, Gaius; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Livingston, S. J.; Lykins, William H. R.; Mathews, George G.; Native Americans; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robitaille, Robert; Savage, William; United States. General Land Office; Weer, William; Wyandot Float; Wyandot Indians


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1856
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1856
Thomas Webb expanded the information in his previous version of this circular to produce a more current edition. Topics such as travel routes, preparation, and provisions are still discussed, while more information regarding town settlements, accommodations, and family life are new additions.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brown, John Carter; Cities and towns; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Timber; Town development; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Territories of the United States
Authors: Morse, C. W. ; Walker, Charles
Date: 1856
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts and Catholic missions. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Removed from C. W. Morse's General Atlas of the World. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Catholic Church Missions; Maps; Native Americans


Map of Eastern Kansas
Authors: L. H. Bradford & Co's Lith.; Searl, A. ; Whitman, E. B.
Date: 1856
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts, missions, and post offices. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Includes illustrations: Ruins of Eldridge House, Lawrence, Kansas, Destroyed May 21st 1856. Constitution Hall, Topeka, Kansas. Eldridge House, Lawrence, Kansas. Includes insert map of Fort Riley. Shows towns, roads and adjoining boundaries of Nebraska Territory and Missouri. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Constitution Hall, Topeka, Kansas Territory; Eldridge House; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Forts; Maps; Missions; Native Americans


Kansas and Nebraska
Authors: Morse & Gaston
Date: 1856
Hand colored. Includes topographic features Indicates locations of forts. Shows Oregon Trail identified as Great Emigrant Route to Oregon and California. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Shows Lewis & Clark's route. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Archaic county names and boundaries in Kansas. Shows route of proposed railroad to the West Coast identified as Central Rail Road Route to the Pacific. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Lewis and Clark; Maps; Native Americans; Railroads


The Kanzas Region: Forest, Prairie, Desert, Mountain, Vale, and River.
Authors: Greene, Max.
Date: 1856
The title page for this volume continued with "Descriptions of scenery, climate, wild productions, capabilities of soil, and commercial resources; interspersed with incidents of travel, and anecdotes illustrative of the character of the traders and red men; to which are added directions as to routes, outfit for the pioneer, and sketches of desirable localities for present settlement." A small map is opposite the title page. The "Addenda" included several "Laws Governing Kanzas," a section on the objects and plans of an Emigrant Aid Company, information about the American Settlement Company, and prices for various items in Lawrence. Also included in the "Addenda" was the text of the Kansas Nebraska Act, which was not scanned as it is available elsewhere on this site.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); American Settlement Company; Emigrant aid companies; Land; Land acquisition; Landscape; Maps; Native Americans; Prices; Settlement


Township map of Kansas compiled from the U. S. Surveys and actual Observation
Authors: Middleton, Wallace & Co.; Propper, George N.
Date: 1856
Hand colored. Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Shows Oregon Trail. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe & California Trail. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Archaic county names and boundaries. Shows emigrant roads and common roads. Shows railroad routes identified as Manhattan and Leavenworth Rail Road Route and Pacific Rail Road. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Maps; Native Americans; Propper, George N.; Railroads


The Lykins or Robitaille Float
Authors: Moore, Ely
Date: May 14, 1857
This printed form was sent to the agent of the New England Emigrant Aid Company to inform him of a land claim by Robert Robitaille, a Wyandot Indian, to a portion of the city of Lawrence. It was sent by the General Land Office in Lecompton, Kansas Territory, and was signed by Ely Moore, register and William Brindle, receiver. William Lykins and Achilles Ward are mentioned in the description of the property being disputed.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brindle, William; Immigration and early settlement; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Lykins, William H. R.; Moore, Ely; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robitaille, Robert; United States. General Land Office; Wade, Achilles B.; Wyandot Indians


Letter, Ellen Goodnow to My Dear Husband [Isaac Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, Ellen
Date: August 8, 1857
Ellen Goodnow wrote from Shannon, Kansas Territory, to her husband Isaac, who was traveling on the East Coast. In this letter, which is largely personal, Ellen Goodnow describes a frightening conflict between white settlers in the area and members of the Cheyenne Indian tribe. A neighbor had awakened her in the middle of the night to enlist men to fight alongside members of the Delaware Indians, who had also been attacked by the Cheyennes. Isaac's brother, William, had lead her to safety in Mahattan.

Keywords: Cheyenne Indians; Delaware Indians; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, William E.; Native Americans; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shannon, Kansas Territory; Skirmishing; Violence; Violent deaths


Sectional map of the territory of Kansas Compiled from the Field Notes in the Surveyor General's Office
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1857
Hand colored. Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts and missions. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Archaic county names and boundaries. Shows Fort Laramie Road. Shows cities and unnamed roads. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Land surveys; Maps; Missions; Native Americans; Surveyor General (see United States. Surveyor General); United States. Surveyor General


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1857
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1857
Thomas Webb compiled this more comprehensive version of his earlier circulars by the same name. Containing much of the same information as the previous versions, such as details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas and subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, it features a large section that describes individual town settlements. This circular also addresses the proslavery and free state conflict, though in a nonpartisan manner, considering the interests of both groups.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Books; Brown, John Carter; Circulars; Crops; Diseases; Education; Food; Guns; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Libraries; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Religion; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Town settlement; Transportation; Travel literature; Weapons (see also Guns); Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Colton's Kansas and Nebraska.
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1857
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts and missions. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Removed from unknown source with page number 50.Verso: The Territories of New Mexico and Utah (text). Archaic county names and boundaries in Kansas. Shows state capitals, county seats, villages, railroads and common roads. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Missions; Native Americans


Johnson's Missouri and Kansas.
Authors: Johnson & Browning
Date: 1857
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts and missions. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Shows Pony Express Route. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Includes illustrations: Santa Fe from the Great Missouri Trail, Spearing Fish and Fire on the Prairie Removed from unknown source with page numbers 48 and 49. Archaic county names and boundaries in Kansas. Shows Proposed Route of Pacific Railroad. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Johnson & Browning; Maps; Missions; Native Americans; Railroads


Johnson's Missouri and Kansas.
Authors: Johnson & Ward
Date: 1857
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts and missions. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Shows Pony Express Route. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Includes illustrations: Spearing Fish, Santa Fe from the Great Missouri Trail, and Fire on the Prairie. Removed from unknown source with page numbers 59 and 60.Verso: Historical and Statistical View of the United States, 1860 (text) with page numbers 72 and 71. Shows Proposed Route of Pacific Railroad. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Missions; Native Americans; Pony express; Railroads


Nebraska and Kanzas.
Authors: J. H. Colton & Co.
Date: 1857
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts .Indicates Native American inhabitation. Inset map: Map of the Surveyed Portion of Nebraska. Prepared for Woolworth's Nebraska in 1857. From the Ignace Mead Jones Collection of James R. Mead Papers, MS 91-03, held by WSU Special Collections. Identifies Route Explored for Pacific Railroad by Capt. Gunnison. Identifies Route Explored for Pacific Railroad by Lieut. Beskwith. Identifies proposed route for a railroad to the West Coast as Gov. Stevens' Route & Line of the Proposed Pacific Railroad. Archaic spelling of Kansas. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; J. H. Colton & Co.; Maps; Native Americans; Railroads


Mac Lean & Lawrences Sectional Map of Kansas Territory Compiled From the U. S. Survey's by C. P. Wiggin.
Authors: Wiggin, C. P. ; Wm. Schuchman & Bro., Lith.
Date: 1857
Hand colored. Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Shows Santa Fe & Kansas City Road, St. Joseph & California Road, Fr Leavenworth & Fr Riley Road, Leavenworth & Santa Fe Road and other unnamed roads. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Archaic county names and boundaries. Shows Kansas Valley Railroad and Galveston & Kansas City Railroad. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans; Railroads; Wiggin, C. P.


Kansas and Nebraska.
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1857
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts and missions. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Removed from G. W. Colton's General Atlas with page number 52. Verso: The Territories of New Mexico and Utah (text). Archaic county names and boundaries in Kansas. Shows state capitals, railroads and common roads. Includes district names and locations of land offices in list at lower left. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Missions; Native Americans


Nebraska and Kansas.
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1857
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Shows Oregon Trail identified as Oregon Road. Shows J. C. Fremont's Route and General Stephen Kearney's Route 1846. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Includes illustrations of fox, bear, deer, Native American hunting, beavers and covered wagon. Inset map: Territory Acquired from Mexico by the Gadsden Treaty. Inset map at lower left of border between Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri and Iowa showing archaic county names and boundaries in Kansas. Shows three routes of Pacific Railroad: Northern, Central and Southern. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans; Railroads


Nebraska and Kanzas.
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1857
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Removed from unknown source with page number 52. Verso: The Territories of New Mexico and Utah (text). Identifies Route Explored for Pacific Railroad by Capt. Gunnison. Identifies Route Explored for Pacific Railroad by Lieut. Beskwith. Identifies proposed route for a railroad to the West Coast as Gov. Stevens' Route & Line of the Proposed Pacific Railroad. Archaic spelling of Kansas. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans; Railroads


Letter, John T. Jones to Hon. J. W. Denver
Authors: Jones, John Tecumseh (Tauy)
Date: January 16, 1858
John T. Jones, an interpreter for the Ottawa Indians, wrote from Washington urging Governor James W. Denver to provide his support for ratification of a treaty between the U.S. government and the Ottawas. Jones reported that the Secretary of the Interior was not inclined to support ratification and he believed Denver, who had negotiated the treaty with the Ottawas during his tenure as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, could influence the decision.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Jones, John Tecumseh (Tauy); Native Americans; Ottawa Indians; Treaties


Letter, William Hutchinson to Jacob Collamer
Authors: Hutchinson, William , 1823-1904
Date: March 5, 1858
Hutchinson sought assistance from Collamer, a U.S. senator from Vermont, on a plan to speculate in land on the Delaware Indian reservation in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Collamer, Jacob; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Indian lands; Indian reserves; Land speculation; Native Americans; Wyandot Indians


Letter, R. S. Stevens to J. W. Denver
Authors: Stevens, Robert S.
Date: April 3, 1858
Robert S. Stevens, writing from Washington, D.C. to Governor James W. Denver, reported upon the U.S. House of Representative's passage of the Crittenden-Montgomery resolution, which proposed to resubmit the Lecompton Constitution to a vote in Kansas Territory. While Stevens, and by implication Denver, supported the Crittenden-Montgomery resolution, he contended that it was in the Democratic Party's best interests for Kansas to be admitted under the Lecompton Constitution. Stevens also commented on his efforts to get New York Indian lands in Kansas opened to preemption.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Democratic Party (U.S.); Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Land sales; Lecompton Constitution; Native Americans; New York Indian Reserve; Stevens, Robert S.; United States. Congress


Letter, R. S. Stevens to Hon. J. W. Denver
Authors: Stevens, Robert S.
Date: April 14, 1858
Robert S. Stevens wrote from Washington, D.C. to James W. Denver, governor of Kansas, discussing manners of obtaining and using certain Indian lands. Stevens had been in contact with Charles Mix, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, in order to understand the existing agreements between the government and the various tribes. He pressed Governor Denver to make a treaty with the Delaware and Pottawatomie tribes to get control of their lands before the end of the current legislative session, which would allow him to present and get approval for any necessary bills relating to the lands in a shorter amount of time.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian lands; Mix, Charles E.; Native Americans; Pottawatomi Indians; Railroad companies; Stevens, Robert S.; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs


Agreement concerning the Missouri River and Rocky Mountain Rail Road and the Delaware Nation of Indians
Authors: Pratt, J. G. J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Robinson, Charles ; Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: August 3, 1858
This agreement offered property to John G. Pratt if he was successful in assisting in the adoption of a treaty between the U. S. government and the Delaware's to make lands in the Delaware Reserve available to the Missouri River and Rocky Mountain Rail Road. Pratt was to receive the equivalent of two sections of land--one near the Delaware Mission and one of timber land, a total of 1280 acres, and $5,000 if the treaty was ratified.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Delaware Indians; Economic development; Land acquisition; Land sales; Missouri River and Rocky Mountain Railroad; Native Americans; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Railroads; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell


Document by Jacob Hooper authorizing Alfred Gray as his true and lawful attornery.
Authors: Hooper, Jacob
Date: October 30, 1858
Hooper was a member of the Wyandot tribe and authorized Alfred Gray to accept his annuity money from the United States government. He also gave Gray authority to do whatever was needed on his behalf. Hooper made his signature with an X and the document was executed in the presence of Abelard Guthrie.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Gray, Alfred; Guthrie, Abelard; Hooper, Jacob; Native Americans; Wyandot Indians


Johnson's Missouri and Kansas.
Authors: Johnson & Ward
Date: 1858
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Includes illustrations: Santa Fe from the Great Missouri Trail, Spearing Fish, and Fire on the Prairie. Removed from unknown source with page numbers 58 and 59. Verso: Historical and Statistical View of the United States, 1860 (text) with page numbers 71 and 70. Archaic county names and boundaries in Kansas. Shows Proposed Route of Pacific Railroad. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans; Pacific railroads


Map Showing the progress of the Public Surveys in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. To accompany Annual Report of the Surveyor General, 1858.
Authors: Burnett, Ward B.; Graham, C. B. ; United States., Surveyor General
Date: 1858
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Upper left margin: Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 1, Ho. Ex. No. 2, 2nd Sess. 35th Con. At head of title: (4) Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans


Photograph, Indian Pony
Authors: Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.
Date: 1859
An "Indian Poney, Kansas," 1859, photographed by Bierstadt Bros., Photographers, N. Bedford, Mass.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Bierstadt Bros., Photographers; Bierstadt, Albert; Horses; Native Americans; Photographs and Illustrations; Stereographs


Letter, John G. Pratt to Dr. C. Robinson
Authors: Pratt, J. G. J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900
Date: January 9, 1859
John G. Pratt, a Baptist missionary to the Delaware Indians, wrote to Charles Robinson from Delaware, Kansas Territory, describing the politics of the negotiations taking place with the Delaware Indian land purchase. "Old Sar-koxy," a Delaware leader, had indicated that Robinson was attending to his business, which angered younger Delaware delegates Isaac and Charles Johnnycake. Pratt indicated his confidence that the sale would take place regardless of who led the negotiations for the Delaware.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Indian treaties; Native Americans; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Correspondence, Reinzi to Sir [J. M. Winchell]
Authors: Rienzi
Date: July 22, 1859
In the midst of the convention, a "Rienzi" of Wyandotte wrote to convention president James M. Winchell concerning a potential threat to Winchell's life. The ill-will toward Winchell had been sparked by the convention's "silly and ill advised move . . . To deprive Indians, (who by treaty stipulation have acquired the rights of citizenship) of the right of suffrage with negroes."

Keywords: African Americans; American Indians (see also Native Americans); Constitutions; Native Americans; Suffrage; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, Richard M. Young, attorney, to A. [Asahel?] Beach, Esq.
Authors: Young, Richard M
Date: July 29, 1859
Written on Young & Niles, Law and Land Agency at Washington City, D. C., letterhead, this letter to A. [Asahel?] Beach of "Beach Valley," Rice County, K.T., discussed the inquiry the law firm made "as to the proper mode of proceeding to recover damages for Indian Depredations . . . ." The attorney explained the statute of June 30, 1834, that covered this and its provisions. Since Young referred Beach to the agents of the Kaws and the Kiowas (or "Indians of the upper Arkansas"), one might assume that his damage claim was connected to one of the raids by the latter tribe against the former.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Beach Valley, Kansas Territory; Beach, A. J.; Damage claims; Indian raids; Kansa Indians; Kiowa Indians; Lawyers; Native Americans; Plains Indians; Rice County, Kansas Territory; Young, Richard M.


Document granting land to Pascal Fish on behalf of other Fish family members
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: September 27, 1859
This document, with President Buchanan's signature signed by a secretary, granted land to Pascal Fish and his family who were members of the "united tribe of Shawnee Indians." The land was granted under provisions of a treaty between the Shawnee Indians and the U. S. government signed May 10, 1854. Specific acreage in Johnson County was designated.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Fish, Paschal; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land grants; Native Americans; Shawnee Indians


Letter, James R. Mead to [Father]
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: December 25, 1859
In this letter, Mead informed his father, who still lived in Davenport, Iowa, that he had established a trading post along the Saline River in order to trade with the Indians. Mead, along with his business partners, had stored up meat for the winter and had built a comfortable house. Apparently, times were still very difficult in Kansas, although Mead seems to have fared quite well. The letter ended with personal advice to his father about a mare who was no longer worth keeping.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Businessmen; Horses; Indian traders; Kansas Frontier; Mead, James R.; Native Americans; Ottawa County, Kansas Territory; Saline River, Kansas Territory; Trading posts


Letter, James [R. Mead] to My Dear Sister
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: December 25, 1859
James R. Mead wrote this letter from his home "somewhere in the West." He had a trading post about twenty miles north of the Saline River, west of Fort Riley, Kansas Territory. He described in detail the abundance of wildlife, calling western Kansas the "Land of Plenty." Mead and his business partners traded with the Kaw Indians, mostly for furs. His first impression of this tribe was unfavorable, but in his later years he came to respect the Kaw and believed that they were an honest people. He also mentioned the Copperhead Indians, who were more fierce and warlike than the Kaw; Mead and his companions were building a blockhouse in case there was trouble.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Bison; Hunting; Indian raids; Indian traders; Kansa Indians; Kansas Frontier; Mead, James R.; Native Americans; Natural resources; Ottawa County, Kansas Territory; Saline River, Kansas Territory; Trading posts


Report of the Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools
Authors: Greer, Samuel W
Date: December 31, 1859
This printed report was submitted to the Kansas Territorial Legislature by Gov. Medary on January 4, 1860. S. W. Greer, the Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools reported that fifteen counties had submitted reports and schools were taught in 136 districts comprising 7,029 children. He reported on how he visited school districts and included some information on various types of schools in the state. He wrote that the pay for the superintendent was inadequate, due to the value of territorial scrip being worth 30 cents on the dollor. He indicated that he had to use $500 of his own funds in the past year. He wrote about the need to establish normal schools (for training teachers) and to hold teachers' institutes. He wanted to increase the standards for teacher qualifications. He also discussed various aspects of educational methodologies of the period. He included short reports from the following counties: Douglas, Anderson, Jackson, Nemaha, and Osage as well as some statistics from all organized counties. This report was taken from the Journal of the House of Representatives, Kansas Territory, 1859, pages 34 through 82.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Community life; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Greer, Samuel Wiley; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Kansas Territory. Legislature; Native Americans; Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Osage County, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Superintendent of Public Instruction


Book, Gunn's Map and Handbook of Kansas and the Gold Mines
Authors: Gunn, O.B. (Otis Berthoude, 1828-1901)
Date: 1859
This book by O.B. Gunn, a civil engineer in Wyandotte, provides basic information about Kansas Territory and the living conditions there. The first half outlines statistics about the population, climate, crops, telegraph access, etc. for the use of potential settlers. The second half describes routes to gold mines in Western Kansas Territory and advises the best travel seasons and provisions necessary to make the journey. Includes more than 20 pages of business and trade advertisements, including Gunn's own advertisement on p. 57.

Keywords: Crops; Daily life; Gold mines and mining; Gunn, O.B. (Otis Berthoude, 1828-1901); Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Mining; Native Americans; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Settlement; Telegraph; Weather; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Legal document, trading license for John W. Forman
Authors: Vanderslice, Daniel
Date: ca. 1859
This document, an unsigned copy drafted by Daniel Vanderslice, outlines the conditions of a $5000 loan taken from the U.S. government by Harvey W. and John W. Forman and John Pemberton. These men had already purchased land in what had become northern Doniphan County, founded the city of Iowa Point in 1854 on lands previously owned by Iowa Indians. The document also describes the conditions of a one-year trading license issued to John W. Forman, which stipulated that Forman must limit his trading to only certain areas and specific Indian tribes.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Forman, Harvey W.; Forman, John W.; Indian agents; Indian traders; Iowa Indians; Native Americans; Pemberton, John; Sac and Fox Indians; Vanderslice, Daniel


Map Showing the progress of the Public Surveys in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska To accompany Annual Report of the Surveyor General 1859.
Authors: Bien, J. ; Burnett, Ward B.; United States., Surveyor General
Date: 1859
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Upper right margin: (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 2, 1st Sess. 36th Cong.) Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Land surveys; Maps; Native Americans; Surveyor General (see United States. Surveyor General); United States. Surveyor General


Colton's Kansas and Nebraska.
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1859
Hand colored. Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Shows Pony Express Route. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Removed from unknown source with page number 50. Archaic county names and boundaries in Kansas. Shows common roads. Shows Proposed Route of Pacific Railroad. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans; Pacific railroads


J. H. Colton's Map of Missouri and Kansas.
Authors: J. H. Colton & Co.
Date: 1859
Hand colored. Includes topographic features .Indicates locations of forts. Shows route of Topographical Engineers, 1853. Shows Pony Express Route. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Removed from unknown source with page number 17. Archaic county names and boundaries in Kansas. Shows railroads. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans; Topographical Engineers, Bureau of the Corps of


Nebraska and Kanzas.
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1859
Hand colored. Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Identifies Route Explored for Pacific Railroad by Capt. Gunnison. Identifies Route Explored for Pacific Railroad by Lieut. Beskwith. Archaic spelling of Kansas. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans; Pacific railroads


Johnson's Missouri and Kansas.
Authors: Johnson & Browning
Date: 1859
Includes topographic information. Indicates locations of forts. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Santa Fe Road. Indicates Western Limit of Habitable Land. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Includes illustrations: Spearing Fish, Santa Fe from the Great Missouri Trail, and Fire on the Prairie. Removed from unknown source with page numbers 48 and 49. Archaic county names and boundaries reflect the organization of Kansas before February 11, 1859. Shows Route to Denver City, Proposed Route of Pacific Railroad and other unnamed railroad lines and roads. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans


A New Map of Kansas
Authors: Herline & Hensel; Holmes, W. H.
Date: 1859
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Shows routes of explorers and topographical engineers, including Major W. H. Emory, Lieut. W. G. Peck, Captain Nathan Boone, Captain J. C. Fremont, Captain J. Pope, Lieut. Franklin, Colonel Sumner, Lieut. I. C. Woodruff and Major Carry. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Removed from unknown source. Archaic county names and boundaries. Shows unnamed roads and railroad. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans; Topographical Engineers, Bureau of the Corps of


Letter, A. [Albert] G. Boone to Col. Thos. N. Stinson
Authors: Boone, Albert G.
Date: January 16, 1860
Albert G. Boone, writing from Westport, Missouri, to Thomas N. Stinson, described his unsuccessful efforts to sell a printing press for Stinson. Boone suggested that Stinson contact "Free Statemen" with whom he was on good terms to see if they could help him sell it. Boone added a postscript to the letter asking about the prospects of a treaty with the Pottawatomie.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Boone, Albert G.; Business; Commerce; Indian treaties; Native Americans; Newspaper presses; Pottawatomi Indians; Stinson, Thomas N.


Letter, R. Brackenridge, Jr. to Tom [Thomas N. Stinson]
Authors: Brackenridge, R.
Date: February 16, 1860
R. Brackenridge, writing from Washington D.C. to Thomas N. Stinson, a resident of Tecumseh, Kansas Territory, commented on the possibility of a treaty with the Pottawatomie Indians who were living in Kansas. Brackenridge expressed negative views about the activities of Anthony Navarre, a Native American who had a following among the Pottawatomie and who opposed a treaty with the U.S. government. The U.S. signed a treaty with the Pottawatomie Indians in November 1861.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brackenridge, R.; Indian treaties; Native Americans; Navarre, Anthony; Pottawatomi Indians; Stinson, Thomas N.; Treaties


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr.]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 9, 1860
Thomas Ewing, Jr., wrote from Leavenworth to his father in Ohio seeking his assistance with a legal matter involving claims to the land "reserved to certain half breeds of the Kansas tribe." Most of this land was occupied by squatters and questions of legal title and transfer were being litigated in the territorial and federal courts.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Courts; Elmore, Rush; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kansa Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Kansa Indians; Kansas Territory. Supreme Court; Land claim disputes; Land speculation; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Native Americans; Ohio; Pettit, John; Squatters; Territorial Supreme Court (see Kansas Territory. Supreme Court)


Letter, D. Vanderslice to Builders
Authors: Vanderslice, Daniel
Date: May 11, 1860
Daniel Vanderslice, an Indian Agent, solicited builders with which he could contract in order to erect a school house and teacher's dwellings on the Iowa Indian Reservation near White Cloud, Kansas Territory. Vanderslice already had drawn up prospective plans and specifications for a school building, but welcomed other suggestions from independent contractors, just as long as the total cost of those suggested were at or under his set budget.

Keywords: Construction; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Education; Indian agents; Iowa Indians; Native Americans; School buildings; Vanderslice, Daniel; White Cloud, Kansas Territory


List of names of certain New York Indians entitled to 320 acres within the New York Reservation in Kansas Territory
Authors: Greenwood, A. B.
Date: June 9, 1860
This list documented the distribution of the New York Indian lands in Kansas Territory according to provisions of a treaty dated January 15, 1838. The list was submitted to the Secretary of the Interior on June 9, 1860, and approved on June 16, 1860.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Greenwood, A. B.; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Native Americans; New York Indians


Letter, Alfred Gray, Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Geo. W. Patterson
Authors: Gray, Alfred
Date: June 18, 1860
Gray wrote this draft of a letter to George W. Patterson concerning a treaty between the U. S. government and the Delaware Indians at the request of Rev. Pratt, a missionary to the tribe. Gray was concerned that the treaty was unfair to many of the Delaware and that the U.S. government was negotiating with four older chiefs, not some of the younger members of the tribe. He wrote that many of the Delaware were too intimidated to complain.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Delaware Indians; Gray, Alfred; Indian lands; Indian treaties; Native Americans; Patterson, George W.; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, R. S. Stevens to S. N. Wood
Authors: Stevens, Robert S.
Date: August 6, 1860
Writing from Lecompton, R. S. Stevens addressed an issue of grave concern to the people of Council Grove--"the Kaw Treaty," which had been taken up "the last day of the Extra or called Executive session & then ratified with certain amendments." He then explained the provisions and discussed the land survey to come.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Council Grove, Kansas Territory; Droughts; Huffaker, T. S.; Kansa Indians treaty; Land surveys; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Native Americans; Stevens, Robert S.; United States. Congress; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, J. B. Hodgin to S. N. Wood
Authors: Hodgin, J. B.
Date: August 25, 1860
From Cottonwood Falls, Hodgin wrote Wood concerning the Kaws and whiskey that reportedly "supplied" to them at the Falls on August 23 and "As is generally the result, a big fight occurred" among the Indians and several were killed. Hodgin was calling for an investigation into the incident.

Keywords: Alcoholic beverages; American Indians (see also Native Americans); Cottonwood Falls, Kansas Territory; Hodgin, J. B.; Kansa Indians; Native Americans; Violence; Whiskey; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Construction plans, scale drawings of proposed schoolhouse
Authors: Vanderslice, Daniel
Date: ca.1860
These scale drawings show Daniel Vanderslice's envisioned schoolhouse, which was to be erected on the Iowa Indian Reservation, near White Cloud, Kansas Territory. Vanderslice was an Indian Agent committed to fulfilling the terms of treaties between various Indian tribes and the U.S. Government.

Keywords: Construction; Education; Indian agents; Iowa Indians; Native Americans; School buildings; Speculation; Vanderslice, Daniel


Construction plans, Specifications and plan of school house
Authors: Vanderslice, Daniel
Date: c. 1860
These extensive plans describe in detail specifications for the construction of a school house in School District No. 62 in Doniphan County, Kansas. This school house was most likely intended to serve the residents of the Iowa Indian Reservation, near White Cloud, Kansas Territory

Keywords: Construction; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Education; Indian agents; Native Americans; School buildings; Vanderslice, Daniel


Nebraska, Kansas and Dacotah.
Authors: McNally, Francis ; Stuart, Oliver
Date: 1860
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Removed from McNally's An Improved System of Geography with page number 44. Verso: Oregon, Washington, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona (text) with page number 43. Right margin: McNally's System of Geography, Map No. 18. Archaic spelling of Dakota. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Dakota Territory; Forts; Maps; Native Americans; Nebraska Territory


Map of the United States, and Territories, together with Canada &c.
Authors: Mitchell, S. Augustus
Date: 1860
Hand colored. Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Identifies Santa Fe Trail as Route to Santa Fe. Shows Pony Express Route. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Inset maps of Pensacola Bay and Hampton Roads and Norfolk Harbor. Possibly removed from Mitchell's New General Atlas with page number 9. Shows roads. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans


Map Showing the progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska To accompany Annual Report of the Surveyor General 1860.
Authors: Bien, J. ; Burnett, Ward B.; United States., Surveyor General
Date: 1860
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Upper right margin: (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 1, 2nd Sess. 36th Cong.) At head of title: (6) Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Land surveys; Maps; Native Americans; United States. Surveyor General


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [Hon. John Sherman]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 22, 1861
To Congressman, soon to be U.S. senator, John Sherman of Ohio, Ewing wrote to encourage Sherman to support Charles Robinson's appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs. "It is a matter of very great importance to the people of Kansas that a Comr should be apptd who would exert himself to have the numerous reserves in our borders reduced, and such of the Tribes removed southward as wish to get out of our way . . . ." Ewing also mentioned the pending bill for "the admission of Kansas."

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Courts; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Native Americans; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pettit, John; Presidential appointments; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; Washington, D.C.


United States
Authors: Unknown
Date: 1861
Indicates locations of forts. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Shows statehood boundaries of Kansas. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans


Johnson's Nebraska, Dakota, Colorado, & Kansas.
Authors: Johnson & Browning
Date: 1861
Indicates locations of forts. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Removed from unknown source with page number 51. Shows proposed routes for Pacific Railroad. Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Maps; Native Americans


Map Showing the progress of the Public Surveys in Kansas and Nebraska, To accompany Annual Report of the Surveyor General 1861.
Authors: Delahay, Mark W.; United States., Surveyor General
Date: 1861
Includes topographic features. Indicates locations of forts. Shows location of mission. Indicates Native American inhabitation. Upper right margin: Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 1, 37th Cong. 2nd Sess. At head of title: (7). Link to scanned image at Wichita State University Libraries - Special Collections.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Forts; Land surveys; Maps; Native Americans; Surveyor General (see United States. Surveyor General); United States. Surveyor General


Pamphlet," A Colony for an Indian Reserve in Kansas"
Authors: Hutchinson, Clinton Carter
Date: 1863
This pamphlet, written by Clinton Carter Hutchinson, U.S. Indian Agent of Ottawa Creek, Franklin County, Kansas, contains a brief history of the Ottawa Indian tribe (after contact with white settlers) and describes the land allotted to them in a treaty of June 24, 1862, which opened a portion of their land reserve to public sales. The remainder of the pamphlet serves as a type of almanac, advising potential settlers of the Kansas frontier lifestyle, what provisions are available or recommended, and what types of people and professions are desirable.

Keywords: Daily life; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Indian agents; Land acquisition; Land grants; Native Americans; Natural resources; Ottawa Indians; Timber; Treaties; Weather


Photograph, John Gill Pratt
Authors: Henry, E. E.
Date: 
John Gill Pratt was a Baptist missionary to the Delaware Indians and served as superintendent of the Delaware Baptist Mission. He had some training as a doctor and worked as a printer at the Shawnee Manual Labor School. He was involved in some of the treaty negotiations during the territorial period.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Baptists; Cabinet photographs; Delaware Indians; Henry, E. E.; Missionaries; Native Americans; Photographs and Illustrations; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Shawnee Manual Labor School; Treaties


Photograph, John Gill Pratt and his wife Olivia Evans Pratt
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
This photograph of John Gill Pratt and his wife Olivia was taken in a room in a building in Wyandotte County which had been part of the Delaware Mission School. John Gill Pratt was a Baptist missionary to the Delaware Indians and served as superintendent of the Delaware Baptist Mission. He had some training as a doctor and worked as a printer at the Shawnee Manual Labor School. He was involved in some of the treaty negotiations during the territorial period.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Baptists; Card photographs; Delaware Indians; Missionaries; Native Americans; Photographs and Illustrations; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Pratt, Olivia Evans; Treaties; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Photograph, John Tecumseh Jones
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Tecumseh Jones was part Ottawa Indians and served as an interpreter for the Ottawa Indians. He was known as Tauy Jones or Ottawa Jones. He was also supportive of the free state cause and his home was the target of proslavery forces.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Free state supporters; Jones, John Tecumseh (Tauy); Native Americans; Ottawa Indians; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Johnston Lykins
Authors: Williams and Thomson
Date: 
Dr. Johnston Lykins was involved with the emigration of American Indians to the area that became Kansas Territory. He was involved with Baptist schools for the Pottawatomie and the Shawnee. During the territorial period, he was involved with the land claims of various Native Americans and specifically the

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Cartes de visite; Lykins, Johnston; Native Americans; Photographs and Illustrations; Wyandot Float


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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