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63 results for Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory):
Letter, S. L. Adair to Ladies Circle of South Hadley Falls, Massachusetts (draft)
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: not dated
Adair thanked the Ladies Circle for sending a fount, plate and cups for use in the church in Osawatomie. His appreciation was expressed in a religious sense. He asked for their prayers and said they have those of the church. He reported on sickness and on difficulties related to the church. He also commented on the "irreligion" in the area.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Churches; Illness; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Massachusetts; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion; Women


Surveying Equipment
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1845-1855
Albert D. Searl used this equipment to survey Kansas Territory town sites in 1854. Lawrence was surveyed on Sept. 25th and Topeka on Dec. 20th. Searl's efforts to set town limits for free-staters in Lawrence were met with violence from pro-slavery forces nearby. Searl would later survey Manhattan, Osawatomie, Burlington, & El Dorado.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Burlington, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state; Free state cause; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Objects; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Searl, Albert D.; Skirmishing; Surveyors; Topeka, Kansas; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Violence


Diary, scattered entries
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: September 10, 1854, through February 7, 1861
The diary entries are very scattered. The first entry indicated that Adair and his wife were considering coming to Kansas. The other entries relate to daily activities and Adair's ministry. He often mentioned who he visited and who was ill. The entry for Feb. 4, 1861, noted that Kansas had been admitted to the Union.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Diaries; Free state activities; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion


Sermon Record of Samuel Lyle Adair
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: January 14, 1855, through December 30, 1860
The sermon records listed the biblical text, the date, the place where the sermon was given, and the subject. Later entries also included brief remarks. Many of the sermons were given in homes so these locations provide some idea of the neighborhood. The sermon record also listed funeral sermons.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Congregationalists; Funerals; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion; Vital records


Diary, Franklin L. Crane
Authors: Crane, Franklin L.
Date: February 23, 1855 - September 29, 1856
The entries pertaining to Kansas Territory began on page 18, with Franklin Crane leaving his home in Easton, Pennsylvania with his son, Franklin Jr. He described their journey to Kansas and their initial impressions and travels while in the territory. In June 1855, he returned to Easton to sell his property so he could then return to Kansas. The later entries began in September of 1856 and described tensions in Topeka with efforts to build a fort and rumors of armed Missourians in the area.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Easton, Pennsylvania; Geary County, Kansas; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town shares; Travel; Updegraff, E.; Weather


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. S. S. Jocelyn
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: May 3, 1855
Samuel Adair wrote from Osawatomie to thank Rev. Jocelyn, an official of the American Missionary Association, for his encouragement and fiscal support of $100. He said they will use it to pay what they owe and then make it last as long as possible. His wife has taken in sewing and washing to make ends meet but Adair asks Jocelyn not to share that information. He discussed the weather and his religious missionary efforts in detail. Adair also commented on migration to Kansas and motives of those coming. This appears to be a draft of a letter sent to Jocelyn.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; American Missionary Association; Emigration and immigration; Jocelyn, S. S.; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Migration, internal; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion


Letter, Owen Brown to S. L. Adair and Family
Authors: Brown, Owen , 1771-1856
Date: August 8, 1855
Owen Brown wrote from Munroe Falls Ohio to Samuel and Florella Adair in Osawatomie, Kansas that his son John Brown will start for Kansas Territory in a week. He mentioned that he has a "warlike spirit" and that it is necessary for defense but he hopes nothing more. He also expressed some of his religious beliefs. The letter contained a postscript written by John Brown. Florella Brown Adair was a half sister of John Brown.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Owen, 1771-1856; Free state cause; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Munroe Falls, Ohio; Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. S. S. Jocelyn
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: September 8, 1855
This long letter was written in Osawatomie to Jocelyn, who was Samuel Adair's contact with the American Missionary Association. The first three pages dealt with some disagreement over Adair's salary and support that was to be provided by the association, his efforts on behalf of religion, and prospects for a "union" church building that would be shared by several denominations. The last page discussed economic conditions in Kansas Territory and the difficulty of getting items to Kansas either via the Missouri River or by overland freighting from St. Louis. This appears to be a draft of a letter sent to Jocelyn.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; American Missionary Association; Churches; Economic conditions; Freight and freightage; Jocelyn, S. S.; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Missouri River; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Transportation


Public Speaking!
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: September, 1855
This broadside listed six places where John W. Whitfield planned to speak during his campaign for reelection as the delegate to Congress from Kansas Territory. Whitfield was a proslavery supporter. The speeches were to be given between September 24 and September 29, 1855. He planned to speak at Dr. Chapman's, Otta Creek; Henry Sherman's; Old Pottawatamie Mission; Sugar Mound; crossing of the Little Osage, and Fort Scott. A barbecue was scheduled for Fort Scott on September 29.

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Chapman, J.B.; Elections; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Proslavery; Proslavery activities; Sherman, Henry; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Whitfield, John W. (John Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. S. S. Jocelyn
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: October 15, 1855
Writing from Osawatomie, Samuel Adair mentioned that his family had been sick and that others in the area had been ill and/or died. The bulk of the letter dealt with elections held by both proslavery and antislavery supporters in October, 1855, and the number of Missourians that voted in the proslavery election on October 1. He also discussed the territorial legislature that met at Shawnee Mission. The letter also indicated that a relative and his son and son-in-law had arrived in Kansas Territory and that he had brought a number of weapons. This is probably referring to John Brown, who was a half brother of Adair's wife Florella. Adair mentioned that he was concerned about Brown's war-like attitude. Adair briefly discussed a slaveholder who had left the territory because of his concern about the "outcome." This appears to be a draft of a letter sent to Jocelyn.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Election fraud; Elections; Free state activities; Illness; Jocelyn, S. S.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Slaveholders; Slavery


Record of Marriages performed by Rev. Samuel Adair
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: December 9, 1855, through January 1, 1861
Adair recorded each marriage he performed. He listed the bride and groom, the location (often a home) and the date. These 21 entries are the marriages he performed in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Marriage; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion; Vital records


Muster Roll of Captain John Brown's company, Fifth Regiment, 1st Brigade, Kansas Volunteers
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 12, 1855
This muster roll listed men who served in the Wakarusa War from November 27 to December 12, 1855. The fifth regiment was commanded by Col. George W. Smith. This company was recruited from the area around Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. The information provided included name, title if an officer, and age. Officers, in addition to Captain John Brown, were William Updegraff, Henry H. Williams, James J. Holbrook, Ephraim Reynolds, R. W. Wood, Frederick Brown, John Yelton, Henry Alderman, H. Harrison Updegraff, Daniel W. Collis, and William Partridge. William Partridge furnished one keg of powder and 8 pounds of lead that were used by the company. Ages of the company ranged from 19 to 55 years old. This was a small company and the other members were Amos D. Alderman, Francis Brennon, William W. Caine, Benjamin L. Cochran, Jeremiah Harrison and John Brown's sons John, Jr., Owen, and Sallmon

Keywords: Brown, Frederick; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, John, Jr.; Brown, Owen; Brown, Salmon; Free state activities; Free state militia; Kansas Volunteers; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Militia; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Partridge, William; Smith, George W.; Updegraff, W. W.; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855; Williams, Henry H.


Business card and promotial item titled Kansas
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: Circa 1855-1856
This business card for Orville C. Brown, "agent for the town of Osawatomie, Kansas Territory," accompaned a list of the advantages of settling in Kansas Territory and the city of Osawatomie. A hand written note on the list indicated it was issued by O. C. Brown. The printed circular described the soil, available building materials, wood, produce and opportunities for acquiring land. It also gave the price of various livestock. The business card noted that Brown also was involved in locating land warrants and purchasing and selling claims.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Land claims; Livestock; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Natural resources; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Town development


Letter, Samuel Adair to the Free Mission Sewing Society of the First Congregational Church
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: Circa 1856
Rev. Adair wrote from Osawatomie, K.T. and described the physical characteristics of Kansas as well as the efforts on behalf of the free state cause. The letter detailed efforts to establish Congregational churches in Kansas as well as discussing the activities of other denominations.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Congregational churches; Free state legislature; Free state perspective; Landscape; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Methodists; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Missionaries; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory


Letter, Sister M. [Martha] L. Davis to Brother and Sister [Samuel and Florella Adair]
Authors: Davis, Martha Lucretia Brown
Date: June 8, 1856
Martha provided information on the death of Father Brown. She also wrote that they had heard of the conflict at Osawatomie and that "John and two of his sons" had been arrested. She expressed anxiety for their safety.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Davis, Martha Lucretia Brown; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory


Indictment of Orville Chester Brown, John Brown, Sr., John Brown, Jr. et al., U.S. District Court, Territory of Kansas, Second District
Authors: United States. District Court for Lykens County
Date: May 1856
During the "May Term" of the U.S. District Court for Lykens (Miami) County, a grand jury issued this indictment covering the April 16, 1856, actions (among others) of this group of "persons of evil minds and dispositions." These men, according to the indictment, "did unlawfully and wickedly conspire, combine, confederate and agree together mutually to aid and support one another in a forcible resistance to the enactments of the laws passed by the Legislature of said Territory of Kansas. . . ." Specifically, they had conspired "forcibly to resist and oppose the collector of taxes in and for the county and Territory aforesaid . . ."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, John, Jr.; District Court (see United States. District Court (Kansas Territory)); Free state activities; Kansas Legislature; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Taxation; United States. District Court (Kansas Territory)


Letter, W. W. Updegraff to William Hutchinson
Authors: Updegraff, W. W.
Date: August 5, 1856
W. W. Updegraff, writing from Osawatomie, KT, described pro-slavery forces stealing horses from free state supporters, the need of free state settlers in the Osawatomie area for financial assistance, and his views on the potential for war in the event of John C. Fremont's election as president in the November 1856 election.

Keywords: Election, Presidential, 1856; Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890; Horse stealing; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery; Relief; Updegraff, W. W.


Copy of letter, S. L. Adair to Mrs. H. L. Hibbard
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: August 14, 1856
Adair, writing from Osawatomie, reported on conditions in Kansas. Mrs. Hibbard was the president of the Woman's Kansas Aid and Liberty Association of Chicago, Illinois. He reported that many recent emigrants were ill and others were using up their reserves to help others, hoping they would be repaid by aid received in Kansas. He also reported that a group of Georgians camped near Osawatomie and ran off more than 18 horses. Some free state men were prepared to confront them but they left the area. Adair wrote of rumors that a large force was coming to burn Osawatomie.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Chicago, Illinois; Emigration and immigration; Free state perspective; Hibbard, Mrs. H. L.; Illness; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Migration, internal; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Proslavery settlers; Women


Letter, H. J. Strickler to [Thomas N.] Stinson
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: September 2, 1856
Hiram Jackson Strickler, adjutant general of Kansas Territory, writing from Lecompton, Kansas Territory, briefly described for Thomas N. Stinson the Battle of Osawatomie that took place on August 30, 1856. In the battle, pro-slavery forces led by John W. Reed defeated free state forces led by John Brown. Brown's son Frederick was killed in the engagement. Strickler's comments indicated that he held a pro-slavery perspective.

Keywords: Battles; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Battle of; Proslavery perspective; Reed, John W.; Stinson, Thomas N.; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Town companies


Letter, H. J. Williams to Florella Adair
Authors: Williams, H. (Mrs. John) J.
Date: October 29, 1856
Mrs. Williams was a member of one of Rev. Adair's churches in Lafayette, Ohio She wrote about her concern for the Adair family during all of the troubles in Kansas. She and her husband also sent some cheese and cloth to the Adairs. The letter had references to various family members. The letter showed the support women settlers received from friends in the East.

Keywords: Free state supporters; Friendship; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Williams, H. J. (Mrs. John); Women


Letter, J. [Jeremiah] R. Brown to Brother and Sister Adair [Samuel and Florella]
Authors: Brown, Jeremiah Root
Date: November 1, 1856
Jeremiah Brown wrote from Hudson, Ohio, to the Adairs in Osawatomie. He had been raising funds to send to Kansas and mentioned other efforts to aid people in Kansas Territory. He wrote about helping various Brown family members. He also wrote about his concerns about the "aggression of the slave power."

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Jason; Brown, Jeremiah; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, John, Jr.; Hudson, Ohio; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief funds; Slave power


Letter, O. [Owen] C. Brown to My Dear Sir
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: November 12, 1856
Brown wrote Samuel Adair in Osawatomie, Kansas Territory from Utica, New York. He reported that he had spoken to ten different groups about needs in Kansas. He reported that Mr. Arny of the National Kansas Committee planned to visit Osawatomie and promised that the people there would get their fair share of aid. He asked Adair a number of questions about the situation there including questions about pro-slavery settlers. He discussed elections and the Know Nothing party.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Elections; Free state support; Know Nothing Party; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National Kansas Committee; National politics; New York; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Utica, New York


List of relief materials received from the Central Committee for distirbution in and around Osawatomie
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: November 13, 1856
The list provided the number and kind of items received to be distributed to families in need of relief. It included clothing, bedding, and food. The list was signed by Andrew Updegraff for S. L. Adair.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Updegraff, Andrew


Letter, G. Garrison to My Dear Friend and Nephew [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Gamaliel
Date: Probably December 15, 1856
Mr. Garrison wrote from Yellow Springs, Ohio, after returning from Osawatomie. He mentioned the death of David Garrison and Frederick Brown, who had both been killed in the conflict in Kansas. Garrison wrote that he had expected all his sons to settle in Kansas and that David's wife Rachel still speaks well of the country. He hoped that it would be possible to hold on to David's claim for his heirs.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Frederick; Garrison, David R.; Garrison, Gamaliel; Garrison, Rachel A.; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, R. A. G. [Rachel Garrison] to Dear Friends (Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Rachel A.
Date: December 16, 1856
Rachel Garrison, David's widow, is writing from Yellow Springs, Ohio, with instructions to Samuel Adair on how to settle her family's affairs in Kansas. She wants to try to hold on to her claim but hopes to sell a wagon for $100 and to collect on a note for $40. Sometimes she feels like she wants to return to Kansas. Her husband David was killed in the Battle of Osawatomie.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Jason; Casualties; Garrison, Rachel A.; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, S. L. Adair to Miss Mary P. Green
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: December 17, 1856
In this letter, Samuel Adair thanked Miss Green for $35 sent by the ladies of La Salle County, Illinois. He indicated that he would try to distribute the money to "no unworthy person," but that it would help relieve the suffering in the territory. He indicated that things were comparatively quiet. He referred to a lack of cash if settlers were required to pay for their land soon, as he felt most would need to take out mortgages. He reported that those suffering the most were families who were sick or where the men were in prison. He expressed gratitude for the support received from the East.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Green, Mary P.; Illinois; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Women


Letter, S. L. Adair to W. F. M. Arny
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: December 18, 1856
Arny was a representative of the National Kansas Committee and Adair was inquiring about various boxes and money that had been sent to the committee in Chicago for forwarding to people in Osawatomie. Adair also seemed to be responding to a request for information from Arny about settlers from Wisconsin in the Osawatomie area and also members of the Eldridge-Pomeroy party. Adair provided information on James Fuller, Thomas Roberts, Joseph Lawes and William and Wakeman (?) Partridge. He listed the names of four men who came with Eldridge and Pomeroy but provided no additional information. He also noted that he loaned Mr. Hyatt $50 and had an "order" for Arny to reimburse him.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Free state settlers; Fuller, James; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawes, Joseph; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Partridge, William; Relief; Roberts, Thomas; Wisconsin


Letter, Richard Mendenhall to Augustus Wattles
Authors: Mendenhall, Richard
Date: January 19, 1857
Richard Mendenhall was a missionary at the Shawnee Friends Mission in the 1840s. He returned to Indiana for a time but moved back to Kansas Territory in the fall of 1855. He was in Kansas during the territorial era and wrote Wattles describing an attact on the Friends Mission on August 20, 1856 by proslavery forces. He indicated that they were told to leave or the mission would be burned. However, Mendenhall wrote that David Atchison and other proslavery supporters asked that the Friends be left out of the violence. Mendenhall also described an attempt to form a settlement by men from Georgia about 3 miles from Osawatomie. He wrote that they were friendly at first but they later committed depredations. In response, about 100 free state men ran them off, took $500 in clothing and provisions, and burned a fort they had built. Mendenhall believed that the Battle of Osawatomie was a response to this.

Keywords: Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Border disputes and warfare - Free state perspective; Free state support; Friends Mission, Lykins County; Georgia; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Mendenhall, Richard; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Missionaries; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery; Proslavery settlers; Society of Friends; Wattles, Augustus


Letter, O. [Owen] C. Brown to My dear Brother [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: January 21, 1857
O. C. Brown wrote from Utica, New York, to Samuel Adair, in Osawatomie, KansasTerritory. He wrote about speaking engagements on behalf of Kansas. He mentioned Gov. Geary and President Pierce.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Free state support; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National politics; New York; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Relief; Utica, New York


Letter, [Mrs] H. J. Williams to Sister [Florella] Adair
Authors: Williams, H. (Mrs. John) J.
Date: January 27, 1857
Mrs. Williams expressed her sympathy for the conditions Mrs. Adair had to endure in Kansas. The letter eloquently described all of the suffering Mrs. Williams felt Mrs. Adair had experienced. The letter indicated that boxes of materials had been sent to Osawatomie but Mrs. Williams feared that they have not arrived. The letter gave news of the Williams family and others in Lafayette, Ohio.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Free state supporters; Friendship; Lafayette, Ohio; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Williams, H. J. (Mrs. John); Women


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. Joseph Gordon (copy)
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: February 19, 1857
Writing from Osawatomie, Adair thanked Rev. Gordon for $104 raised in Yellow Springs, Ohio, that was sent to James Garrison for "the benefit of sufferers in the cause of freedom in the Osawatomie vicinity." He mentioned the difficulties of distributing aid to everyone's satisfaction and mentioned the Kansas Central Committee. He also wrote of his concerns about how slavery and its demise will impact the nation using phrases such as "conflict of arms" and "fearful doom."

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Free state perspective; Garrison, James; Gordon, James; Kansas Central Committee; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, R. A. G. [Rachel Garrison] to Dear cousin [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Rachel A.
Date: February 23, 1857
Rachel Garrison wrote to Samuel Adair that she had a little daughter two months old, which meant she was pregnant when her husband David was killed in the Battle of Osawatomie in August, 1856, and when she returned to Yellow Springs, Ohio. She also mentioned her other daughter, Jania, She was hoping Adair could hold on to the claim the Garrisons pre-empted until it could be entered at the land office. She also listed items she would like Adair to sell for her. The same letter also contained correspondence from James Garrison.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Garrison, James; Garrison, Rachel A.; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Preemption law United States; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, R. [Rachel] A. Garrison to Dear Cousin [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Rachel A.
Date: April 17, 1857
Rachel Garrison, the widow of David, wrote Samuel Adair about the family's land claim in Kansas. She noted that a new pro slavery "skamp" (Walker) had been appointed as territorial governor. She inquired if Mr. Day took 500 rails from her claim and that if he did, he should replace them. In a post script, she asked Adair to subscribe to the Herald of Freedom and have it sent to her.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Garrison, Rachel A.; Herald of Freedom; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, B. Darrach to Rev. S. L. Adair
Authors: Darrach, Barstow
Date: April 20, 1857
B. Darrach, a doctor at New York Hospital, wrote Adair that he was encouraged by the results of the Leavenworth election. He has authorized a Mr. Tator to settle his affairs in Osawatomie. He also discussed the slave oligarchy and indications that St. Louis was opposed to slavery. He cited several events that he felt indicated the free state cause was progressing.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Darrach, Barstow; Free state prospects; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); New York; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Slavery


New Years Hop
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: January 1, 1858
This invitation was for a dance to be held at "Mr. Chestnut's New Building" on the evening of New Year's Day in 1858 in Osawatomie, Lykins County, Kansas Territory. The cost to attend was $2.50 and the invitation indicated the "good music engaged for the occasion."

Keywords: Balls (parties); Chestnut, William; Community life; Daily life; Dance parties; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Parties


Letter, S. L. Adair to E. B. Whitman
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: January 25, 1858
Writing from Osawatomie, Adair gave an account of clothing he still had on hand, cash received, and expenses incurred. The clothing listed ranges from coats to socks.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Whitman, E. B.


Independence Grand Pic Nic Party
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: July 5, 1858
This invitation was to a party to be held at McAllister's Hall in Osawatomie, Kansas Territory, on July 5, 1858. Music was to be provided by Smith's Band. Supper was provided and tickets cost $2.50. The back of the invitation listed 27 dances that would be performed. This party was sponsored by several individuals from Osawatomie, Indianapolis, Paola, Stanton, Lane City, Lawrence, and several other communities.

Keywords: Balls (parties); Community life; Daily life; Dance parties; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Parties


Cotillon Party
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 30, 1858
This invitation was for a party to be held at William Chestnut's house in Osawatomie, Kansas Territory on December 30, 1858

Keywords: Balls (parties); Chestnut, William; Community life; Daily life; Dance parties; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Parties


Draft of Annual Report to the American Missionary Association
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: 1858
This report covered the year 1857 but also described the organization of the Congregational Church in Osawatomie. Adair was preaching at a number of rural churches in the area. It reported on membership and attendance and other religious activities. He also mentioned activities of other denominations.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; American Missionary Association; Churches; Congregational churches; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion


Map, Ream's sectional map of the territory of Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1858
Map of Kansas Territory counties, with Washington, Dickinson, and Clay counties as a Western boundary.

Keywords: Allen County, Kansas Territory; Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Brown County, Kansas Territory; Butler County, Kansas Territory; Calhoun County, Kansas Territory (see also Jackson County, Kansas Territory); Clay County, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Dickinson County, Kansas Territory; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Dorn County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Godfrey County, Kansas Territory; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Hunter County, Kansas Territory; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Madison County, Kansas Territory; Maps; Marshall County, Kansas Territory; McGhee County, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Richardson County, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Washington County, Kansas Territory; Weller County, Kansas Territory; Wilson County, Kansas Territory; Woodson County, Kansas Territory


Letter, S. C. S. [Samuel C. Smith] to Dear Doctor [Charles Robinson]
Authors: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: January 6, 1859
Samuel Smith wrote to Dr. Charles Robinson from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, regarding the latest election events within the Kansas Territorial Legislature. The positions of Speaker and Clerk were not secured by William Roberts and himself, as had been expected, but had been filled by Alfred Larzalere and Byron P. Ayres as a consequence of some questionable internal party politics, so described by Smith. Smith also wrote Robinson of George Deitzler's desire to resume correspondence with him, and of a recent incident in which James Lane's portrait was defaced.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Ayres, Byron P.; Babcock, Carmi William; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Branscomb, Charles H.; Deitzler, George W.; Delahay, Mark W.; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elder, P.P.; Elections; Free State Party; Goodin, Joel Kishler; Hutchinson, George W.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Larzalere, Alfred; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); McLane, George W.; Methodist Church; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Roberts, William Young; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Smith, Samuel C.; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Vaughan, Champion; Wright, John W.; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Jason Brown to Rev. S. L.. Adair
Authors: Brown, Jason
Date: April 4, 1859
Jason Brown wrote to Samuel Adair from Akron, Ohio. Evidently, Adair had written him concerning placing a claim for property lost while in Kansas. Brown wrote that he doesn't think any radical anti-slavery supporters would receive any funds from Congress in the near future. He believed that if he had been on the pro-slavery side his claim would be paid. He also inquired about marking the grave of his son.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Akron, Ohio; Antislavery; Brown, Jason; Damage claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery; Tombstones


Letter, A. Lincoln (copy) to M. W. Delahay
Authors: Lincoln, Abraham
Date: May 14, 1859
This two-page, handwritten copy of a letter to Mark Delahay from Abraham Lincoln was probably given to the KSHS by Delahay's daughter Mary E. Delahay in the early 1900s. Lincoln regretfully declined an invitation to attend the Osawatomie convention on May 18 which was to formally organize the Republican Party in Kansas. Lincoln warned against "the temptation to lower the Republican Standard [in whatever platform the convention might adopt] in order to gather recruits. In my judgment," Lincoln continued," such a step would be a serious mistake" that "would surrender the object of the Republican organization--the preventing the Spread and Nationalization of Slaver . . ."

Keywords: Delahay, Mark W.; Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1861; Election, Presidential, 1860; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Republican National Convention (1860 : Chicago, Ill.); Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Slave power; Slavery


Letter, C. [Charles] E. Griffith to Capt. J. [James] Montgomery
Authors: Griffith, Charles E.
Date: November 15, 1859
Charles Griffith, an Osawatomie newspaper publisher writing from that town, informed Captain James Montgomery that he believed voting fraud had occurred in the November 8, 1859, territorial legislature election. Griffith claimed that, in the absence of the fraud, Montgomery would have won a seat in the territorial house of representatives.

Keywords: Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, November 1859; Elections; Griffith, Charles E.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections)


Letter, Leander Martin to Capt. Jas. Montgomery
Authors: Martin, Leander
Date: December 13, 1859
Leander Martin, writing from Osawatomie, K. T., encouraged James Montgomery to contest the results of the November 8, 1859, election for representatives to the territorial legislature. Montgomery was defeated by William R. Wagstaff in a race for a seat in the territorial house of representatives. Montgomery's response was written at the bottom of the letter.

Keywords: Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, November 1859; Elections; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Martin, Leander; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections)


Abstract of Census Returns listing Number of Voters and Number of Inhabitants
Authors: Undersigned Citizens of Kansas Territory, John Stroup (first signature)
Date: 1859
This abstract of census returns showed information at the township level for most Kansas counties. Some counties were listed but no data was entered. It listed the number of voters in three different ways--the number of votes cast June 7, 1859; number of voters June 7, 1859 under 6 month provision; and number of voters under 3 month provision. It also listed the number of inhabitants. The election on June 7, 1859 was to elect delegates to the Wyandotte constitutional convention.

Keywords: Allen County, Kansas Territory; Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Brown County, Kansas Territory; Butler County, Kansas Territory; Census; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Dickinson County, Kansas Territory; Dorn County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elections; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Hunter County, Kansas Territory; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Madison County, Kansas Territory; Marshall County, Kansas Territory; McGhee County, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Morris County, Kansas Territory; Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Osage County, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory; Washington County, Kansas Territory; Wilson County, Kansas Territory; Woodson County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Samuel Geer submitted this claim (No. 28) for loss of livestock and damages that occurred between June and August, 1856. Mr. Geer lived in Lykins County. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Damage claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Strickler, Hiram Jackson


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Orville C. Brown submitted claim # 121 for losses sustained during the summer of 1856 from various groups of armed men. He also claimed that his house was destroyed by men under the command of General John W. Reid on August 30, 1856. His detailed list included a number of household goods as well as some school and Sunday School books. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Damage claims; House furnishings; Household equipment; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Reid, John W.; Strickler, Hiram Jackson


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Samuel Adair of Osawatomie submitted claim # 124 for one heifer for himself and for a yoke of cattle on behalf of Rachel Gunison [Garrison]. The animals were taken by men under the command of John W. Reid on August 30, 1856. Adair lived near Osawatomie. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Damage claims; Garrison, Rachel A.; Livestock; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Battle of; Reid, John W.; Strickler, Hiram Jackson


Photograph, Paola, Kansas, 1860s
Authors: Brown's Photographic Gallery, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas
Date: c. 1860
A street scene in Paola, Kansas, 1860s. The photograph was taken by Brown's Photographic Gallery, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas.

Keywords: Brown's Photographic Gallery; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Commerce; Covered wagons; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Paola, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Transportation


Photograph, Congregational Church, Osawatomie, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
Exterior view of the Congregational Church, Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. This is the oldest known photo of this church built by Rev. Samuel Adair, c. 1860.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Cartes de visite; Churches; Congregational churches; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Letter, Spencer [Brown] to Kit [Kitty Cordelia Gould] Brown
Authors: Brown, Spencer Kellogg
Date: April 15, 1860
This letter, written from Osawatomie by Spencer Brown, was addressed to his older sister Kitty (Cordelia Gould) Brown. He playfully berated her for sending a "microscopic" letter, and he offered her his personal opinion about her current suitor, describing this young man as a "milk-and-water infant." In general, the letter gave an intimate glimpse into this sister/brother relationship and demonstrated that even during hard times, life continued.

Keywords: Brothers and sisters; Brown, Cordelia Gould; Brown, Spencer; Courtship; Daily life; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Samuel Lyle Adair
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Probably 1862
Samuel Adair and his wife Florella settled near Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. Adair was a minister and free state supporter. His wife was a half sister to John Brown and he occasionally stayed with the Adairs. The family was involved in various free state and relief activities.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Free state settlers; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Letter, S. L. Adair to Miss [Zu] Adams
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: September 16, 1895
Samuel Adair, Osawatomie, Kansas, described the two slaves that he had encountered. One was an eight to ten year old boy that had been hired by a merchant from Kansas City. The other slave of which he was aware was a woman owned by an Indian interpreter named Baptiste. This item is from information collected by Miss Zu Adams in 1895. She was researching the topic of slaves in Kansas and contacted a number of early Kansas settlers requesting information about slaves brought to Kansas Territory. While all of the information she collected was based on reminiscences, it still provides useful information that is difficult, if not impossible, to find elsewhere. Miss Adams and her father F. G. Adams were employees of the Kansas State Historical Society and the information received was donated to that institution.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Adams, Zu; African Americans; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Slaveholders; Slavery; Slaves; Slaves in Kansas Territory


Photograph, Jason Brown
Authors: Leonard & Martin, artists
Date: 
Jason Brown was one of John Brown's sons. He came to Kansas in February 1855 along with his brothers John Jr, Owen, Salmon, and Frederick and settled near Osawatomie. He was involved in numerous free state activities. This image is from later in his life.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Brown, Jason; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Cabinet photographs; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, John Brown, Jr.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Brown, Jr. was one of John Brown's sons. He came to Kansas in February 1855 along with his brothers Jason, Owen, Salmon, and Frederick and settled near Osawatomie. He was involved in numerous free state activities and, for a time, was one of the free state prisoners held near Lecompton. He also served as the commander of a free state militia company.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Brown, John, Jr.; Free state supporters; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Tintypes


Photograph, Orville C. Brown
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Orville C. Brown was an early settler and founder of Osawatomie. He actively sought to develop the town by building a common school and by obtaining a printing press. He was involved in free state activities and in efforts to raise funds for relief. His house was burned down during the battle of Osawatomie. This photo was taken later in his life.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Card photographs; Free state supporters; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Owen Brown
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Owen Brown was one of John Brown's sons. He, along with his brothers John Jr., Jason, Frederick, and Salmon settled on Pottawatomie Creek near Osawatomie in Miami County, Kansas Territory, in February, 1855.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Owen; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Photographs and Illustrations


Narrative, Account of the Life of Fredrick Brown
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: c. 1857
In this undated document, Samuel Adair related significant events in the life of Frederick Brown, one of John Brown's five sons. Frederick, alongside his father, participated in the Pottawatomie Massacre and other raids against proslavery supporters in Kansas Territory until his roadside murder by Martin White in August of 1856. This document also contains part of a letter to the Rev. S. S. Jocelyn recounting the winter's hardships.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Battles; Black Jack, Battle of; Border ruffians; Brown, Frederick; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Daily life; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Free state constitutions; Illness; Jocelyn, S. S.; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Violence; Violent deaths; Weather; White, Martin


Photograph, Charles Stores Adair
Authors: J. P. Marshall & Co.
Date: 
Charles Adair was the son of Samuel Lyle and Florella Brown Adair. They lived near Osawatomie, Lykins County, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Cartes de visite; J. P. Marshall & Co.; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Florella Brown Adair
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Florella Brown Adair was the wife of Samuel Lyle Adair and the half sister of John Brown. She settled near Osawatomie with her husband who was a Congregational minister. She and her husband were free state supporters.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Card photographs; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Women


Photograph, W. W. Updegraff
Authors: Siewert
Date: 
W. W. Updegraff was involved in territorial politics. He served as the last president of the Territorial Council and as the first speaker of the Kansas House of Representatives. He was a physician who located in Osawatomie, Lykins County, Kansas Territory. He was a free state supporter.

Keywords: Card photographs; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas. Legislature; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Siewert; Updegraff, W. W.


Photograph, Florella Brown Adair
Authors: Snyder & Steinhoff
Date: 
Florella Brown Adair was the wife of Samuel Lyle Adair and the half sister of John Brown. She settled near Osawatomie with her husband who was a Congregational minister. She and her husband were free state supporters. The identification on the photograph indicates this is an enlargement of a small photograph taken in 1862.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Cabinet photographs; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Snyder & Steinhoff; Women


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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