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16 results for Massachusetts State Kansas Committee:
Receipts and Expenditures, State Kansas Committee
Authors: Massachusetts State Kansas Committee
Date: c. 1856 - 1857
One of many ledger-type listings of donations to and expenditures of the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee for the support of Kansas settlement and the activities of "Capt J[ohn] Brown" and other free state partisans.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Conway, Martin Franklin; Free state cause; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Receipts; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Whitman, E. B.


Receipt, John P. Lovell to T. W. Higginson
Authors: Lovell, John P.
Date: August 20, 1856
This receipt was written by John P. Lovell, a manufacturer and dealer of guns and gun materials, for T. W. Higginson, an ardent Northern abolitionist. Higginson was an agent for the Massachusetts Kansas Aid Committee, procuring rifles, powder, cartridges and other materials. The purchases on this receipt totaled $19.95. On the back of the receipt is a note stating that this purchase of twenty rifles was never actually paid, since it was a replacement for a previous shipment of rifles that were defective.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Guns; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Receipts; Weapons (see also Guns)


Receipt, B. B. Newton to T. W. Higginson
Authors: Newton, B. B.
Date: August 26, 1856
This receipt from B. B. Newton, an agent with the Vermont State Kansas Committee, was made out to Reverend Thomas W. Higginson, who would transport these twenty rifles to the Vermont Colony in Kansas Territory. Higginson was an agent for the Massachusetts Kansas Aid Committee.

Keywords: Guns; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Mt. Pleasant, Iowa; Newton, B. B.; Receipts; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, F. B. Sanborn to My Dear Friend [Thomas Higginson]
Authors: Sanborn, Franklin
Date: September 19, 1856
This letter, from Franklin Sanborn to Thomas Higginson, was written from Concord, Massachusetts. For the most part, Sanborn wrote about the prospects of raising money and men to support the Kansas cause. He also mentioned that Mr. Emerson had made a speech in Cambridge, Massachusetts--"it was a good speech but not well delivered." Many of the towns in the area were also making clothing to send to Kansas Territory. George Stearns was also making progress in his attempts to more fully organize a comprehensive state committee in Massachusetts.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Nebraska Territory; Relief funds; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867


Clothing for Kanzas, Massachusetts State Kanzas Committee
Authors: Massachusetts State Kansas Committee
Date: November 28, 1856 - December 3, 1856
This printed document included three reports of the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee, written by Samuel Cabot concerning the distribution of clothes and packages sent to Kansas. The first report deals with how they were sent and how they kept records of the packages. The report ends with table listing New England communities that sent packages to Kansas. The second report also deals with shipping of packages; it is followed by a brief expense report.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabot, Samuel; Clothing and dress; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Financial statements; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Relief


Letter, S. G. Howe to My Dear Sir [Thomas W. Higginson]
Authors: Howe, Samuel G.
Date: December 18, 1856
Samuel G. Howe, a member of the National Kansas Committee, wrote this letter to Thomas Higginson, a supporter of John Brown and agent for the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee. The letter concerned a woman whom Higginson had called a "gentlemen" unknowingly. She had supplied the money for some pistols and had also contributed a great deal of money to the Kansas cause.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Firearms; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee


Letter, T. W. Carter to George L. Stearns
Authors: Carter, T. W.
Date: May 1, 1857
This is the first of three letters from T. W. Carter, agent for the Massachusetts Arms Company, Chicopee Falls, to George Luther Stearns, president of the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee and major personal backer of John Brown, regarding the shipment of 200 revolvers to Capt. Brown.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Carter, T. W.; Firearms; Massachusetts Arms Company; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867


Letter, [E. B. Whitman?] to [Franklin B.] Sanborn
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: May 10, 1857
E. B. Whitman (letter not signed, but author's identity is pretty clear), an agent in Lawrence for the National Kansas Committee, wrote Franklin Sanborn in Massachusetts regarding his disappointment with the lack of support being given by "our professed friends" in the East. To their discredit, according to Whitman, Massachusetts "supporters" had refused to provide assistance which was desperately needed for the Kansas settlers who had just endured a very "severe winter." He believed false information was being circulated for political purposes by individuals within the Free State movement: "Kansas, bleeding Kansas, is of value to them only so far as it subserves their selfish ends."

Keywords: Dred Scott decision; Free state cause; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Free state settlers; Free state supporters; Land claims; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; National Kansas Committee; Relief funds; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Settlement; Vermont; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, T. J. Marsh to George L. Stearns
Authors: Marsh, Thomas J.
Date: July 18, 1857
Thomas J. Marsh, who arrived in the Kansas Territory on July 11, 1857, made Lawrence his base of operation. He had made the journey as an agent for the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee. His objective was to observe and financially support free state efforts to capture the legislature at the polls in early October (this included conducting a census). During his first week in Kansas Territory, Marsh attended the "entirely harmonious" Free State Party convention in Topeka and reported on initial efforts to organize the campaign. He also seemed very concerned about "petty, personal feuds" among the leadership in the territory. Marsh had personally discussed this issue with the men involved and believed the "discordant elements have been harmonized." Upon his return to Lawrence, Marsh found "U. S. Dragoons parading the streets" and Governor Walker threatening to make numerous arrests because of the unauthorized election of city officials the previous Monday.

Keywords: Blood, James; Census; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Dragoons; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Factionalism; Free State Party; Free state support; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Marsh, Thomas J.; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Topeka Constitution; Travel; United States. Army; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Thos. J. Marsh to George L. Stearns, Esq.
Authors: Marsh, Thomas J.
Date: July 24, 1857
Agent Thomas Marsh, Mass. State Kansas Committee, wrote another of his frequent and detailed letters to George Stearns on July 24, 1857, describing the census and other preparations that were being made for the upcoming election (most importantly, the legislative election in October of that year). Of special interest were the activities of Jim Lane by the Free State Convention to organize militarily for "the protection of the Ballot Boxes."

Keywords: African Americans; Census; Conway, Martin Franklin; Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Free State Party; Free state cause; Free state militia; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Marsh, Thomas J.; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Slaves in Kansas Territory; Speculation; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Thos. J. Marsh to George L. Stearns, Esq.
Authors: Marsh, Thomas J.
Date: August 5, 1857
Again from Lawrence, Marsh wrote Stearns on August 5 to ask for clarification about an order he had received from Amos Lawrence to pay John Brown $335. Brown was not in Kansas at that time and could "not be of much service if he is away from the Territory."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Cheyenne Indians; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Marsh, Thomas J.; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; United States. Army; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, E. B. Whitman to My Dear Sir [G. L. Stearns]
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: October 11, 1857
E. B. Whitman, an agent of the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee, reported from Lawrence about money problems and his efforts to provide assistance to John Brown, etc. He also observed that free state men seemed to have won the election, said all was "peaceful in the territory" right then, and reported less than favorably on the organizational work done by T. J. Marsh.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Free state support; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Marsh, Thomas J.; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, George L. Stearns to E. B. Whitman
Authors: Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867
Date: November 14, 1857
In response to several letters from Whitman about money, George Stearns wrote from Boston to clarify a few issues. He gave an account of available funds and provided instruction on the distribution and/or sale of clothing for the Kansas emigrants. Stearns also commented on his support for Brown which included "authority to draw on me for money" if necessary "to establish order by force." He felt circumstances were apparently changing for the better--"I should not be willing to have any of my funds used for that purpose."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state support; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Relief; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, E. B. Whitman to My dear friend [Franklin B.] Sanborn
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: January 16, 1858
E. B. Whitman wrote Sanborn this lengthy letter from Lawrence, describing the political events that had unfolded in the territory since the October 5, 1857, election. Among many other things, he mentioned the split that took the "National democrats" out of the movement over the issue of participation in the state elections under the Lecompton Constitution, January 1857. This "Free State ticket" was, according to Whitman, "a disgrace to the cause," but it attracted a good number of votes and won "a good working majority in both houses and so our people proclaim a victory." Whitman, who had long been a faithful supporter, was seemingly losing confidence in John Brown, as were "the people."

Keywords: Bogus laws; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Calhoun, John; Conway, Martin Franklin; Democratic Party (U.S.); Education; Election fraud; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, December 1857; Elections; Free State Party; Free state legislature; Herald of Freedom; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Lecompton Constitution; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Territorial government; United States. Congress; United States. Senate; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, Caleb S. Pratt to George L. Stearns
Authors: Pratt, Caleb S.
Date: May 30, 1860
Pratt, who seemed to have been acting as Stearns' agent in Lawrence at this time, wrote regarding the Joseph Gardner request for firearms. On his own initiative, Pratt "allowed him [Gardner] to take 7 Rifles and 4 sabres to his house with permission to use the same if necessary . . ." This was a temporary loan that awaited Stearns' endorsement.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Firearms; Gardner, Joseph; Guns; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Pratt, Caleb S.; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867


Photograph, George Luther Stearns
Authors: Pach Brothers
Date: 
George Luther Stearns lived in Boston, Massachusetts, and was a supporter of the free state cause. He was a member of the National Kansas Committee and president of the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee. He donated money to the cause and helped raise funds and arms, and he lent his support to John Brown for the raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Free state cause; Massachusetts; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; National Kansas Committee; Pach Brothers; Photographs and Illustrations; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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This file was last modified September 12 2013 04:09:26 PM.