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124 results for Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory:
Letter, Tom [Tho. Ewing, Jr.] to Dear Father [Hon. T. Ewing]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: 
Ewing, Jr., wrote from Leavenworth to inform his father about 915 acres of land, "near the Kaw river . . . three & a half miles north east of Topeka," that had just been purchased for him. "The land is beautiful & fertile--and is adjacent to fine bodies of timber in the Kansas Valley. The proximity of the land to Topeka (which will be the Capital, of the state) and to the rail road, which will undoubtedly be built in a few years is to be considered in estimating the value of the land." He also mentioned its proximity to the "great military road to Fort Riley."

Keywords: Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Military roads; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Timber claim; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation


Meeting Minutes, Leavenworth Association
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date: June 22, 1854
The minutes described a meeting in Weston, Missouri at which Leavenworth Town Association members elected officers. George W. Gist was elected president, H. Miles Moore was elected secretary, and Joseph B. Evans was elected treasurer.

Keywords: Evans, Joseph B.; Gist, George W.; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Weston, Missouri


Letter, C. C. Andrews to John A. Halderman, Esq.
Authors: Andrews, Christopher C.
Date: June 27, 1854
From Fort Leavenworth, C. C. Andrews wrote a short letter to inform Halderman that "nothing has transpired" at that location during the past week or so but he was certain "that the territory will be populated with a rapidity unparralleled [sic] in the rise of states." Andrews also was sure that men in the legal profession, such as Andrews himself and Halderman, would do quite well financially.

Keywords: Andrews, Christopher C.; Emigration and immigration; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Halderman, John Adams; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Migration, internal; Settlement


Meeting Minutes, Leavenworth Association
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date: July 7, 1854
The Leavenworth Association met "on the tract of the Association's land" in Kansas Territory at the house of G. B. Pauton. The minutes included resolutions requesting the creation of a map showing the specific land claims of each association member and the selection of a town site.

Keywords: Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Squatters; Town companies; Town sites


Meeting Minutes, Leavenworth Association
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date: July 26, 1854
The Leavenworth Association met "on the tract of the Association's land" in Kansas Territory at the house of G. B. Parton. The minutes included a report listing all the members of the association and described the progress made in clearing land for a town site.

Keywords: Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Parton, G. B.; Town companies; Town development; Town sites


Minute Book
Authors: Kickapoo City Association
Date: August 28, 1854 - October 1, 1858
This minute book documented the founding of the Kickapoo City Association in Leavenworth County and its transactions through October 1, 1858. It contained the association's by-laws. It was a fairly complete example of how a town association conducted business, including surveying the proposed site, acquiring title to the land involved, sale of shares, and efforts to make the town attractive to prospective settlers. Meetings were held on the town site or in Weston, Missouri.

Keywords: Kickapoo City Association; Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Town companies; Town development; Town promotion; Town shares; Town site speculation


Photograph, First Executive Office, Fort Leavenworth
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1854
A photograph of the building where Governor Reeder established the first Executive office at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, October 4 to November 24, 1854.

Keywords: Capitals (cities); Executive departments - Kansas Territory; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Territorial government; United States. Army


Certificate, Leavenworth Association, Five Town Shares
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date: October 9, 1854
This certificate for "five shares of the Town property of Leavenworth Association" was made out to Andrew H. Reeder, the first territorial governor. It was signed by H. Miles Moore, secretary, and George W. Gist, president. The latter, and two other men, had laid claim, according to Andreas's History of Kansas, to the land that would become Leavenworth city on June 12, 1854, the first land claimed in the territory by U. S. citizens after passages of the Kansas Nebraska Act.

Keywords: Gist, George W.; Land acquisition; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town shares


Letter, Janett Barringer to Mr. [Henry Miles] Moore
Authors: Barringer, Jarrett
Date: October 16, 1854
Janett Barringer, writing from Mineral Pointe, Wisconsin, sought to purchase a Leavenworth town lot from Henry Miles Moore, secretary of the Leavenworth Town Association. Barringer proposed to pay fifty dollars for the lot.

Keywords: Barringer, Jarrett; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Wisconsin


Certificate for distribution of Leavenworth town lots
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date: October 17, 1854
The certificate, issued to Henry Miles Moore, secretary of the Leavenworth Town Association, detailed the town lots distributed to Moore as a town association shareholder. Moore held four shares in the Leavenworth Association and was entitled to thirty-two town lots.

Keywords: Certificates; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Town lots


Photograph, First house in Leavenworth
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1855
A photograph of the first dwelling house in Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, built in 1855. The date of the photograph is unknown. It was located between 4th and 5th Streets on Olive Street. A young African-American child was photographed standing next to the house.

Keywords: African Americans; Houses; Immigration and early settlement; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth buildings; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Settlement


Photograph, Voting at Kickapoo, Kansas Territory
Authors: Beard, Frank
Date: c. 1855
An illustration of pro-slavery Missourians voting at Kickapoo, Kansas Territory, c. 1855, copied from Beyond the Mississippi by Albert D. Richardson, 1867.

Keywords: Book illustrations; Elections; Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Missourians; Photographs and Illustrations; Voting


Carriers Address to the Patrons of the Kansas Weekly Herald
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: January 1, 1855
This Carriers Address to the patrons of the Kansas Weekly Herald was published New Year's Day. It was in the form of a poem reflecting on events in 1854. The Kansas Weekly Herals was published in Leavenworth from 1854-1859.

Keywords: Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Poetry


Territorial Census, 1855, District 16
Authors: Leib, Charles
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 16, the place of election was the house of Keller & Kyle, in Leavenworth City. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Sixteenth District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Salt Creek; thence up said creek to the Military road; thence along the middle of said road to the lower crossing of Stranger Creek; thence up said creek to the line of the late Kickapoo reservation, and thence along the said line to the Thirteenth District, and thence by the same along a line corresponding to the courses of Stranger Creek, and keeping three miles west thereof, the Kansas River; thence down the Kansas River to the Missouri River to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Census; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth City; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leib, Charles; Moravian Mission; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Territorial Census, 1855, District 13
Authors: Jolly, H. B.
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 13 the place of election was the house of G. M. Dyer, at the town of Ozawkie. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Thirteenth District follows: "Commencing in the Kansas River, three miles above the mouth of Stranger Creek; thence in a northwardly direction by a line three miles west of said creek, and corresponding to the courses thereof until it shall strike the southern line of the last Kickapoo reservation; thence along the southern and western line of said reservation, and the western line of the late Sac and Fox reservation to the north line of the Territory; thence west along said line to the line of the Twelfth District; thence by the same and down Soldier's Creek to the mouth thereof, and down the Kansas River to the place of beginning." Districts 13 and 15 are included in one volume and are scanned as one as it is difficult to determine which entries are in what district.

Keywords: Calhoun County, Kansas Territory (see also Jackson County, Kansas Territory); Census; Dyer, G. M.; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Jolly, H. B.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory


Contract, Between Leavenworth Town Association and John A. Halderman
Authors: Leavenworth Town Association
Date: June 25, 1855
Signed by three trustees of the Leavenworth Town Association (Oliver Diefendorf, William S. Yohe, and J. M. Day), this contract or agreement sold lot #19 in block #17 to J. A. Halderman for $175.00. The specific terms of the agreement were described.

Keywords: Day, J. M; Diefendorf, Oliver; Halderman, John Adams; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Town companies; Town settlement; Yohe, William S.


Agreement, Construction of Office Building in Leavenworth
Authors: Hook, H. M.; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: September 29, 1855
A. H. Reeder herein entered into an agreement with H. M. Hook for the latter to "erect" an office building on lot #8, block #3 of Leavenworth, KT. Hook agreed to build the structure, "16 feet by 32 feet similar to the office of M. I. Parrot" (perhaps, Marcus J. Parrott) for $400. Hook was to be paid out of the rent received on this property when finished, as well as from that he received on three others he was leasing from Reeder.

Keywords: Construction; Hook, H. M.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin A. Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: November 25, 1855
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth City, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin A. Parrott, in Dayton, Ohio. Marc told his brother about his recent efforts in defending Cole McCrea, on trial before Judge Lecompte for murder. He also urged his brother to come to Kansas Territory by describing business and land purchase opportunities there. Marc also referred to an upcoming meeting of free state men, which would serve "as a counterblast to the proslavery one".

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Balls (parties); Business enterprises; Free state activities; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; McCrea, Cole; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; United States. General Land Office


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Father [Thomas Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: December 13, 1855
Marcus Parrot wrote from Leavenworth City, Kansas Territory, to his father, Thomas Parrott, in Dayton, Ohio. Marcus told him that the local citizens had been in "a state of war for the last ten days", referring to the events of the Wakarusa War. Marcus had raised his own company of free state men to fight the invading Missourians, and was captured by them, but freed at the conclusion of the skirmish. He also mentioned a duel which was supposed to take place (but never occurred) between James Lane and G.P. Lowery, in which he himself was to be Lane's "second".

Keywords: Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lowrey, G.P. (Grosvenor P.); Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Parrott, Thomas; Wakarusa River; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, unsigned [Marc Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: December 15, 1855
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott, in Dayton, Ohio. Marcus recounted the events of the Wakarusa War, and described the actions of the Missourians prior to their attack, which supported his idea that it was premeditated. He told about his experience as a prisoner in the Missourians' camp and his interview with Governor Shannon regarding a peace treaty between the two groups. Marcus was pleased with the terms of the treaty, but was wary of Shannon's motives, saying that he was trying to "ring in" the free state party.

Keywords: Ammunition; Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Barber, Thomas W.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Missourians; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: January 26, 1856
Marcus Parrot wrote from Washington, D.C., to his brother, Edwin Parrott, in Dayton, Ohio. Marcus, on a political trip to discuss the 'Kansas Question" with members of the U.S. Congress, told him that the "dead-lock in the House has paralyzed [Washington] society" and that social engagements had been "quiet". He wrote Edwin of his surprise to hear an abolitionist speech as a Sunday sermon, and of his desire to speak with Tom Hendricks, Commissioner of the Land Office, regarding the prospective decline in availability of land warrants.

Keywords: Kansas question; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Real estate investment; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shoemaker, Tom C.; United States. Congress


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: January 26, 1856
Marcus Parrot wrote from Washington, D.C., to his brother, Edwin Parrott, in Dayton, Ohio. Marcus, on a political trip to discuss the 'Kansas Question" with members of the U.S. Congress, told him that the "dead-lock in the House has paralyzed [Washington] society" and that social engagements had been "quiet". He wrote Edwin of his surprise to hear an abolitionist speech as a Sunday sermon, and of his desire to speak with Tom Hendricks, Commissioner of the Land Office, regarding the prospective decline in availability of land warrants.

Keywords: Hendricks, Thomas A.; Kansas question; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Real estate investment; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shoemaker, Tom C.; Violence


Letter, John Brown to Dear Wife [Mary Brown] & Children every One
Authors: Brown, John , 1800-1859
Date: February 1, 1856
From Osawatomie, Brown wrote of the continued severe winter and "the fierce Winds of Kansas," as well as his desire to visit the family at North Elba, New York. But he also mentioned that they had "just learned of some new, & shocking outrages at Leavenworth; & that the Free State people there have fled to Lawrence." Although more conflict threatened, Brown expected little action until the weather improved.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Salmon; Free state supporters; Household activities; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; North Elba, New York; Proslavery activities; Weather


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: February 9, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott. Marcus described the events of his ride home from a business meeting in Lawrence, where he encountered a funeral procession for his friend T. C. Shoemaker, who had been beaten to death for "abusing" Mayor William E. Murphy. Marcus equated this murder to the assault on William Phillips in May 1855, and anticipated that there would only be a "so-called" trial for the men responsible. He also told his brother to be prepared to come to Kansas Territory in April.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Murphey, William E; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Violence; Weapons (see also Guns)


Senate Miscellaneous Documents, 34th Congress, 1st and 2nd sessions Document No. 32, Three Memorials of the Citizens of . . .Leavenworth County. . .Praying the immediate admission of Kansas Territory into the Union as a State
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: March 24, 1856
These "memorials" presented by various citizens or Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory, to the United States Congress and referred by them to the Committee on Territories, were written in a petition style, with the names of supporters signed at their conclusion, and requested the immediate admission of Kansas Territory to the Union under the Constitution framed by the Topeka Legislature. Following the three memorials is a copy of the proposed Constitution, as approved by James Lane and Joel Goodin, respectively President and Secretary of the Topeka Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Election fraud; Foster, Charles A.; Free state activities; Goodin, Joel Kishler; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Smith, Samuel C.; Topeka Constitution; United States. Congress. Senate


Letter, Wm Phillips to Respected Madam [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Phillips, William
Date: May 26, 1856
William Phillips, after visiting Charles Robinson in jail, wrote to Sara Robinson updating her on her husband's situation. Phillips reported to her that Charles was being held on two counts: one for high treason and the other for usurping office. He also related to her the events of the sack of Lawrence and the resulting destruction of her home.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Phillips, William; Preston, Colonel; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877


Poster, Public Warning!
Authors: Shockley, William P.
Date: June 11, 1856
This flyer warned the citizens of Leavenworth that the city marshal, William Shockley, would begin enforcing the ordinance against discharging firearms within the city limits. It had "become so frequent as to endanger life and greatly annoy the quiet and peace of orderly citizens."

Keywords: Cities and towns; Firearms; Guns; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Shockley, William P.


Letter, [I. Sabin] to Chad Kellogg
Authors: Sabin, I.
Date: August 8, 1856
I. Sabin wrote to Chad Kellogg regarding real-estate transactions and troubles along the Missouri-Kansas border. Sabin, the commander of a 40-man company against pro-slavery forces, described the amount of firearms needed by each fighting man and his lack of money with which to purchase them. The letter is written on a printed circular "Appeal of Kansas to the Voters of the Free States," which enumerates various offenses done to free state men, focusing particularly on the contested election of 1856.

Keywords: Barber, Thomas W.; Brown, Frederick; Buford, Jefferson; Free state perspective; Guns; Kellogg, Chad; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Popular sovereignty; Sabin, I.; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Sharps rifles; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Wakarusa War, November-December 1855; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, A. H. Reeder to Dear Sir [J. A. Halderman]
Authors: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: August 11, 1856
The former governor wrote this letter from Easton, Pennsylvania, to his former secretary and attorney, J. A. Halderman, in order to secure his services in an effort to retrieve some personal papers and settle some matters of business pertaining to town lots and shares. According to Reeder, "the Sheriff posse at the sacking of Lawrence broke open my trunk and stole the contents. The clothing is probably by this time worn out" and he was not concerned about other contents, with the exception of "some private papers" that someone had informed him could be retrieved. He asked Halderman to get the papers, which included "certificates of stock in Leavenworth, Tecumseh, Lecompton, Lawrence, Easton, Pawnee" etc., and then take care of business matters that were reflected therein--"some obligations for money, leases contracts Receipts & etc." Reeder also asked Halderman "to attend to my Leavenworth lots" and went into considerable detail about these matters.

Keywords: Businessmen; Certificates; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Easton, Kansas Territory; Halderman, John Adams; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leases; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Stock certificates; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Town shares


Titus Sword
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856
Three months after the sack of Lawrence, the Free State Milita attacked the pro-slavery stronghold of Fort Titus. Free State forces were lead by Colonel James A. Harvey. Named after Colonel Henry T. Titus, a local pro-slavery commander, Fort Titus actually was a cabin located in Lecompton. After the Free State victory on August 16th, 1856, Colonel Titus surrendered this sword to Colonel Harvey.

Keywords: Battles; Border disputes and warfare; Fort Titus, Battle of; Free state; Free state militia; Free state perspective; Harvey, James A.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Objects; Swords and daggers; Titus, Henry Theodore; Violence; Weapons (see also Guns)


Map of Quindaro, Kanzas [Territory]
Authors: Bassett, Owen A.
Date: 1856
This map of Quindaro, Kansas Territory also features inset maps of planned railroad routes from New England to K.T. and the "Kanzas Valley". Quindaro was originally a part of Leavenworth County until Wyandotte County was founded in 1859. The town has since been absorbed into present day Kansas City, Kansas.

Keywords: Bassett, O. A. (Owen Abbot); Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Maps; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads


Letter, A. H. Reeder to J. A. Halderman
Authors: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: January 9, 1857
From the National Hotel in Washington, Andrew Reeder wrote to advise Halderman on the disposition of some business matters, especially those related to his Leavenworth lots. He went on to comment on a variety of subjects, including his desire "to return to Kansas in the spring" and to have some long-term impact on the growth and development of Leavenworth. Reeder also mentioned his influence with "some of the men who will probably control the Pacific [Rail] Road when it is built," his desire to help Leavenworth secure the eastern Kansas terminus, and his activity with the National Kansas Committee. Although he had no interest in the rival town of Quindaro, he intended to "help build up" that city if he were not "fairly dealt with" in Leavenworth.

Keywords: Halderman, John Adams; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Pacific railroads; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town lots


Letter, R. G. Elliot to Dear Sister
Authors: Elliott, Robert G.
Date: May 8, 1857
Robert Elliott, former publisher of the Kansas Free State newspaper in Lawrence along with Josiah Miller, wrote to his sister from Delaware, Kansas Territory. Elliott told her that last season the area had been the site of "ruffian outrages," but since this time it had evolved into a thriving area with a large population of free state men, whose presence raised property values. The town was not without its share of "bloated ruffians" or stray dogs, however. Elliott also mentioned that a couple of proslavery men had even subscribed to his newspaper, though he did not intend to change the "character" of the paper, which continued to favor the free state cause.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Elliott, Robert G.; Free state supporters; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Real estate investment; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856


Proclamation, To the People of Leavenworth County
Authors: Halderman, John Adams
Date: June 3, 1857
J. A. Halderman appeared to have penned this handwritten proclamation, signed by numerous other "residents and citizens" of Leavenworth County, calling on the people of the county "to support at the coming election for members of the constitutional convention" at Lecompton a slate of twelve named delegates. The document assured the citizenry that the "undersigned" and their chosen delegates were committed to a fair process that would allow the people to vote to accept or reject any proposed constitution and to vote separately on the question of slavery.

Keywords: Elections; Halderman, John Adams; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitutional Convention, September 1857; Slavery


Quit-Claim Deed for Charles and Sarah Robinson
Authors: Bassett, Owen A.
Date: June 24, 1857
By this Quit-Claim Deed, Charles and Sarah Robinson relinquished ownership of a section of their property in Leavenworth County to Edward Babb of Cincinnati, Ohio.

Keywords: Babb, Edward; Bassett, O. A. (Owen Abbot); Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Real estate transactions; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Smith, Samuel C.


Letter Press Book, Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Dear Judge [M. F. Moore]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: June 5, 1857
Thomas Ewing, Jr., moved to Kansas Territory in 1856 and established a law practice in Leavenworth. It is from this town, Kansas Territory's largest city, where he also had many investments, that he wrote Judge M. F. Moore, Sioux City, Iowa, regarding Moore's investments and other opportunities in Leavenworth.

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Iowa; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion


Letter Press Book, Tom [Thomas Ewing, Jr.] to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr. ]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: July 14, 1857
Writing to his father from Leavenworth, K.T., Thomas Ewing, Jr., described the prospects for "good bargains" in Delaware lands. "Hamp" went to secure 1,000 acres for Ewing, Sr., which they hoped to acquire for $3.00 per acre. Ewing, Jr., addressed additional transactions that he was considering for his father and others.

Keywords: Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Delaware Indians; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads


Letter Press Book, addendum to Thomas Ewing to Dear Sir
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: July 14, 1857
Accompanying a two page, mostly illegible letter from Thomas Ewing dated Leavenworth, July 14, 1857, was a two page addendum describing and itemizing the cost of building 40 new and reconstructing the roofs on 27 previously built houses in Leavenworth--total cost, $8,990. He also provided an estimate as to rent that could be expected on these properties and on "a two story brick building, such as you spoke of building on the corner of 4 & Delaware."

Keywords: Commercial real estate; Construction; Cost and standard of living; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Houses; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Rent


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Father [Thomas Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: July 20, 1857
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his father, Thomas Parrott. Marcus began by telling him of new land sales near Paola, Kansas Territory, the extreme heat they had been having lately, and news about family friends. He spoke about a recent proclamation given by Governor Walker, who had set up camp near Lawrence, which condemned the municipal government in that city as unauthorized. Marcus added that the Free State Convention in Topeka had delegated him as their representative to Congress; he had accepted, despite worries that his private business would suffer because of the appointment.

Keywords: Free state activities; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Paola, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Parrott, Thomas; Railroads; Territorial politics; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869; Weather


Letter, Tho. Ewing, Jr., to Dear Hamp [H. B. Denman]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: July 25, 1857
From Leavenworth, Ewing wrote to a law and business partner, Hamp Denman, who was working on some possible land acquisitions in the Osaukee (Ozawkie?) vicinity. Ewing provided some specific instruction regarding a number of potential deals, including the "fraction . . . Adjoining the Kaw land directly opposite Topeka. My sole object in buying would be to have a RR [railroad] depot on the land, & lay out a town."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kansa Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Kansa Indians; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation


Poll List, Leavenworth, Topeka Constitution
Authors: Anthony, Scott A.
Date: August 3, 1857
On August 3, 1857, the free-state legislature gave K. T. voters another chance to vote the Topeka Constitution (first approved, December 1855) when they went to the polls to elect new legislators. Few, if any, proslave voters participated and the territory-wide tally was 7,257 for the constitution, 34 against. The polling list for Leavenworth contains the names of 721 voters, "seven hundred and six (706) being in favor of said Constitution and two (2) against."

Keywords: Constitutions; Election, Topeka Constitution, August 1857; Elections; Free state; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitution


Muster Roll, Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box, Leavenworth County
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1857
The Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballott Box were free state supporters who were determined to see that fair elections were held in Kansas. James Lane was appointed to organize companies throughout the territory. General Order No. 1, found on this site, included instructions for listing the members of each company. This muster roll was prepared as a result of that order. This company was recruited in Leavenworth County from Delaware City. The muster roll listed the officers and enlisted men, their age, place of birth, where from to Kansas, and Kansas residence. The ages of company members range from 18 to 54. The captain was A. Cutter.

Keywords: Cutter, A.; Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Election fraud; Elections; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Free state supporters; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Militia; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections)


Muster Roll, Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box, Leavenworth County
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1857
The Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box were free state supporters who were determined to see that fair elections were held in Kansas. James Lane was appointed to organize companies throughout the territory. General Order No. 1, found on this site, included instructions for listing the members of each company. This muster roll was prepared as a result of that order. This company was recruited in Leavenworth County from the areas of Walnut Creek and Fall Creek. The muster roll listed the officers and enlisted men, their age, place of birth, where from to Kansas, and Kansas residence. This muster roll also included information under remarks about whether or not the members had weapons. All of the members are from Leavenworth County and their ages range from 18 to 66. The captain was Horace L Dunlap. This muster roll lits two free state men who, according to Captain Dunlap, refused to enroll.

Keywords: Dunlap, Horace L.; Election fraud; Elections; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Free state supporters; Guns; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Militia; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections); Weapons (see also Guns)


Muster Roll, Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box, Leavenworth County
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1857
The Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box were free state supporters who were determined to see that fair elections were held in Kansas. James Lane was appointed to organize companies throughout the territory. General Order No. 1, found on this site, included instructions for listing the members of each company. This muster roll was prepared as a result of that order. This company was recruited from the city of Leavenworth. The muster roll listed the officers and enlisted men, their age, place of birth, where from to Kansas, and Kansas residence. All of the members are from Leavenworth and their ages range from 22 to 38. The captain was William Kempf. With the exception of the 1st Lieutenant Joseph Mrosowsky who was born in Poland, all of the members of the company were born in Germany though they had lived various places before coming to Kansas.

Keywords: Election fraud; Elections; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Free state supporters; Germans; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Kempf, William; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth City; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Militia; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections)


Broadside, "To the People of Leavenworth County"
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1857
A printed announcement "To the People of Leavenworth County" nominating delegates to attend, most likely, the Lecompton Constitutional Convention. According to the letter, the candidates named would support that the clause that included the slavery question be put to the people of Kansas Territory for their vote.

Keywords: Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitutional Convention, September 1857; Nominations for office; Popular sovereignty; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Circular, Delaware City, Kansas Territory
Authors: Prentiss, S.B., et al.
Date: c. 1857
This circular, authored by the Delaware City Town Company, advertised the Company's purchase of Delaware and their intention to develop it. This circular stated that freight would be shipped more cheaply from Delaware City to Lawrence than from any other point on the Missouri River.

Keywords: Circulars; Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Emery, James Stanley; Freight and freightage; Harington, S.C.; Hutchinson, J.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Prentiss, S.B.; Town companies


Map of Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory
Authors: Quin, Richard ; United States., Surveyor General
Date: 1857
This map shows a Leavenworth County composed mainly of Kickapoo and Delaware Indian lands, but does feature Leavenworth City. Leavenworth County was founded in 1855 and was named for Colonel Henry H. Leavenworth of the U.S. Army, as was Fort Leavenworth which was established in 1827.

Keywords: Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Indian lands; Kickapoo Indians; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Quin, Richard; United States. Surveyor General


An Act to provide for the election of Delegates to a Convention to frame a State Constitution
Authors: Deitzler, George W.
Date: 1858
This act pertains to the election of delegates to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Babcock, Carmi William; Deitzler, George W.; Election, Leavenworth Constitution ratification, May 1858; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Voting


Letter, I. T. Goodnow to Friend Sherman
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: April 1 & 3, 1858
Isaac Goodnow wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to a friend, expressing his excitement and support for the Leavenworth Constitution. The status of the Lecompton Constitution was currently being debated in Congress, but Goodnow predicted its "destruction". Goodnow described the events of the Constitutional Convention, which had first convened in Minneola, but had been removed to Leavenworth. He stated that the finished constitution was" the best Constitution in existence", and remarked at James Lane's leading role in its development.

Keywords: Conway, Martin Franklin; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Minneola, Kansas Territory; Prohibition; Topeka Constitution


Written Testimony, Cornelius C. Seth
Authors: Seth, Cornelius C.
Date: January 7, 1858
This testimony of Cornelius Seth, attests to the nature of the Munsee Indians' current status. Seth, Chief of Stockbridges, stated that the Munsee Indians had come from Wisconsin to Kansas Territory in fall of 1839, and verified that they have always maintained a separate organization from all other Indian tribes and do not receive benefits through association with any other Indian nation. He maintained that the Munsees were owed traveling expenses from their 1839 journey from Wisconsin, which was very expensive, and that their numbers were dwindling rapidly "in consequence of want and exposure".

Keywords: Indian lands; Indian treaties; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Munsee Indians; Seth, Cornelius C.; Travel; Wisconsin; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, Lucian J. Eastin to My Dear Sir [Gov. James Denver]
Authors: Eastin, Lucian J.
Date: February 20, 1858
Lucian J. Eastin, a proslavery supporter and editor of the Herald in Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, wrote to Governor James Denver praising him for his efforts and congratulating him for his successes. Eastin told Denver that he feared the Lecompton Constitution would not pass, and he referred to recent incidents of election fraud. He also requested money from Denver so that he could print Denver's recent address and proclamation to the Kansas people.

Keywords: Calhoun, John; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Eastin, Lucian J.; Economic conditions; Election fraud; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Newspapers; Proslavery supporters; United States. Congress


Letter, J. H. Noteware to His Excellency Gov. [James W.] Denver
Authors: Noteware, James H.
Date: March 5, 1858
James H. Noteware, superintendent of schools for Kansas Territory, wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory to Governor James W. Denver seeking the governor's support for his effort to establish a school system in the territory.

Keywords: Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Education; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Noteware, James H.; Schools


Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, Afternoon Session
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: March 26, 1858
Kansas's third constitutional convention, convened at Minneola, Franklin County, on March 23, 1858, elected officers (including Samuel F. Tappan, secretary), and then adjourned to reconvene at Leavenworth on March 25. During the afternoon session, March 26, 1858, some interesting debate occurred regarding the viability of the Topeka Constitution, and a minority of the Leavenworth delegates reaffirmed their support for the 1855 instrument. (The Leavenworth Convention nevertheless drafted and adopted a new constitution, and adjourned on April 3, 1858.)

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Constitutions; Conway, Martin Franklin; Free State Party; Goodin, Joel Kishler; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Topeka Constitution; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Letter, Tho. Ewing, Jr. to Dear Sir
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 29, 1858
In this letter from Leavenworth, Ewing began with comments on a note that was being extended and ended with observations about his city's rapid growth and bright prospects. "Majors & Russell," he predicted, "will only start a portion of their trains from Nebraska City. They will do all their business here as far as the capacity of the town & neighborhood will permit."

Keywords: Commerce; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Freight and freightage; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Majors, Alexander, 1814-1900; Nebraska City, Nebraska Territory; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell)


Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: March 31, 1858
During the course of the convention's business on Wednesday, March 31, 1858, the delegates took up the article on "elective Franchise reported back from Committee on Phraseology." Samuel N. Wood's motion "to strike out the word 'male'" failed, 21 to 35, but interestingly, the yeas and nays were recorded. The votes for the unsuccessful effort to insert the word "white" were also recorded.

Keywords: Constitutions; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: April 1, 1858
The delegates considered the "Homestead Exemption" during the morning session, April 1, 1858. The provision was amended so as to make the basic exemption 160 acres or not over $2,000. The vote on this was recorded, and the yeas and nays are followed by numerous explanations--delegates who voted nay but not because they opposed the concept.

Keywords: Constitutions; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Homestead exemptions; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Winans, A. L.; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, April 1, 1858
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: April 1, 1858
On Thursday afternoon, April 1, the delegates began considering the proposed constitution in its entirety. When they reached Article II, the elective franchise, Hampton P. Johnson of Leavenworth, "moved to insert the word 'white' before the word 'male'." Jim Lane's motion to refer the matter to a special committee failed, as did B.B. Newton's motion to table "the whole subject"--yeas 35, nays 41. The yeas and nays were recorded. Among those voting to table, and thus to stifle the effort to add the word "white," were Lane, Ritchie, Preston B. Plumb, Thacher, and Amasa Soule.

Keywords: Constitutions; Johnson, Hampton P.; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newton, B. B.; Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Soule, Amasa; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, April 2, 1858
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: April 2, 1858
After considering a few other issues, such as the selection of Topeka as "the temporary seat of Government," the convention took up the motion from the previous day on the elective franchise, with T. D. Thacher explaining that his select committee had considered the insertion of the word "white" and "unanimously report against its insertion." After some debate over procedure, Thacher offered an amendment that instructed the first legislature to put "the question of universal suffrage to the people at the general elections." The amendment passed, 50 to 29.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Capitals (cities); Constitutions; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Roberts, William Young; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: April 2, 1858
At the beginning of the afternoon session, Friday, April 2, 1858, suffrage was briefly discussed, with Samuel N. Wood moving to strike "male" wherever it occurred in the instrument and "to insert after the word 'he' the words 'or she' . . ." The motion failed, but 20 delegates supported what arguably amounted to an equal rights amendment for women. The yeas and nays were recorded.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Constitutions; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Women; Womens rights; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: April 2, 1858
When the convention considered Article 7, Education, near the end of the afternoon session on Friday, April 2, James Davis of Leavenworth moved to insert "white" before "child," but Sam Wood's motion to table passed 44 to 36. The yeas and nays were recorded.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; African Americans; American Indians (see also Native Americans); Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Constitutions; Davis, James; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Harvey, Henry; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: April 3, 1858
At the final session, Saturday afternoon, April 3, 1858, all the delegates signed the convention's proposed constitution, but several took the opportunity to make one last protest of the inclusion of "negro suffrage" because they believed their constituents opposed it and/or insisted that the instrument did "not extend the right of suffrage to negroes." This protest included Caleb May of Atchison County, the entire Linn County delegation (Addison Danford, Robert B. Mitchell, Thomas H. Butler, and Robert Ewing), and A. W. McCauslin of Jefferson County. The latter also expressed concern about the Education clause, "which appears to permit colored children to go to Common Schools with white children" and "the subject of negro immigration."

Keywords: African Americans; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Butler, Thomas H.; Constitutions; Danford, Addison; Education; Ewing, Robert; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; May, Caleb; McCauslin, A. W.; Mitchell, Robert Byington; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913


Leavenworth Constitution as published in D.W. Wilder's, The Annals of Kansas (1886)
Authors: Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
Date: April 3, 1858
The Leavenworth Constitution was the most radical of the four constitutions drafted for Kansas Territory. The Bill of Rights refers to "all men" and prohibited slavery from the state. The word "white" did not appear in the proposed document and therefore would not have excluded free blacks from the state. Article XVI, Section 3 (p. 227) directed the general assembly to provide some protection for the rights of women. The Leavenworth Constitution was ratified on May 18, 1858 but the U.S. Senate did not act to approve the document.

Keywords: African Americans; Constitutional conventions; Constitutions; Conway, Martin Franklin; Free state activities; Leavenworth Constitution; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Womens rights


Free State Ticket - Minneola/Leavenworth Constitution
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: May 1858
This document listed persons who ran for office in Kansas Territory in May 1858.

Keywords: Adams, Henry J.; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Branscomb, Charles H.; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free State Party; Free state constitutions; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Ladd, Erastus D.; Leavenworth Constitution; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893; Soule, Amasa; Stewart, John E.; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Walden, John Morgan; Whig Party (U.S.)


Act of Incorporation
Authors: Fields, Henry C.
Date: June 8, 1858
This handwritten copy of the act of incorporation for Wyandotte City declares that this town will be incorporated into Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory. It was decided in court after several taxpayers presented a petition requesting their incorporation into the territory and permission to establish a local government. This document was recorded by Henry C. Fields, clerk of the court at Leavenworth.

Keywords: Courts; Glick, Charles S.; Killen, Daniel; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; McKay, William; Petitions; Russell, George; Town settlement; Town sites; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, A. C. Morton to Mr. Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: October 30, 1858
Albert Morton wrote from Leavenworth City, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton had "given up living in Quindaro" and planned to settle in Leavenworth City. Recently ill, he had left Quindaro along with many settlers and business owners. Morton reported that Abelard Guthrie continued to be optimistic about Quindaro's prospects for survival, but he remained skeptical. If Hill still planned to visit Quindaro in the spring, Morton would meet him there.

Keywords: Economic conditions; Emigration and immigration; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment


Letter, W. T. Sherman to H. E. Ring
Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Date: November 1, 1858
Thomas Ewing, Jr.'s law partner and brother-in-law, W.T. Sherman, who would gain military fame and glory as a general during the Civil War, wrote from Leavenworth to H.E. Ring in Dover, Tenn., regarding land and other prospects in Kansas. "Near this city now containing 1000 people," wrote Sherman, that land prices were high ranging about $100 an acre down to $4 or $5." Sherman offered to help this "old school mate" locate in Kansas if he so desired, but he advised that he would not do so unless his health was good and if he were prospering back home, "as there are many here seeking places. The climate too is not so genial as that of Tennessee."

Keywords: Dover, Tennessee; Land acquisition; Land sales; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ring, H. E.; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Tennessee; Weather


Letter, Sherman [W. T.] & Ewing [Thomas] to Thomas A. Thompson
Authors: Sherman & Ewing
Date: November 3, 1858
One of the partners addressed this letter regarding the use of military land warrants in the territory to Thomas A. Thompson at Summit Point, Jefferson Co., Virginia. "Sherman & Ewing informed Thompson that such warrants could not be used to acquire land until after the public sale in July 1859, but some advice was offered for the interim.

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land sales; Land speculation; Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Preemption law United States; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Springfield, Missouri; Squatters; Summit Point, Virginia; Warrants (Law)


Letter, W. T. Sherman to Wm. T. Coleman & Co.
Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Date: November 15, 1858
From Leavenworth on behalf of "two sons of the Hon. Thos Ewing of Ohio" and himself, Sherman informed Coleman & Co., "No. 88, Wall Street New York," that the firm would be pleased to be of whatever service they could. He then wrote of Leavenworth's great prospects: "we propose to make this our future home. . . . It now contains 10000 people, and reminds me much in the appearance of its houses, streets, and people of California towns in 1851 & 2."

Keywords: California; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; New York, New York; Ohio; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Town promotion; Wm. T. Coleman & Co.


Letter, Tho. Ewing, Jr. to Dear Sir [Wm. S. Reyburn]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: November 23, 1858
In his capacity as attorney for H. B. Denman, who had just "bought of [John A.] Halderman the interest of the latter in the ferry, Ewing wrote Reyburn, Philadelphia, to encourage "an amicable settlement" to avoid taking their disagreement to court. The nature of their dispute was not entirely clear, but Ewing insisted that if not settled it could undermine the legitimacy of the ferry company's charter in the eyes of the soon to be constituted State government.

Keywords: Courts; Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Ferries; Halderman, John Adams; Lawsuits; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Philadelpia, Pennsylvania; Reyburn, William S.


Letter, Sherman [W. T.] & Ewing [Thomas] to Tax Collector
Authors: Sherman & Ewing
Date: December 15, 1858
The Leavenworth partners addressed this letter containing a list of real estate and a request for "the amount of taxes assessed" to the tax collector at Calhoun, Calhoun Co., Kansas. The property holdings of Thomas Ewing, Sr. (Lancaster, Ohio), and Jr. (Leavenworth), were listed, as were those of Hugh Ewing (Leavenworth).

Keywords: Calhoun County, Kansas Territory (see also Jackson County, Kansas Territory); Ewing, Hugh; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Lancaster, Ohio; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Property tax; Real estate; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891


Letter, Sherman [W. T.] & Ewing [Thomas] to Mess. Hart & Gordon
Authors: Sherman & Ewing
Date: December 22, 1858
Typical of much of the legal correspondence represented in this collection, the Leavenworth firm of Sherman & Ewing wrote to clients in Piqua, Ohio, regarding efforts to collect an overdue debt. In this case it was from a young man named F. N. Hamlin, a partner in a Leavenworth shoe store.

Keywords: Courts; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Hamlin, F. N.; Lawsuits; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Piqua, Ohio; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; William H. Lee and Co.


Photograph, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1858
Authors: Beaulieu
Date: 1858
An illustration of the City of Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1858, copied from Leslie's, December 25, 1858.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations


Announcement, Grand Opening Ball at the Eldridge House, New Year's Eve
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 31, 1858
This announcement advertises a Grand Opening Ball held at the Eldridge House in Lawrence, Kansas on December 31, 1858. It lists committee of arrangement and floor managers.

Keywords: Allen, Lyman; Babcock, Carmi William; Balls (parties); Blood, James; Branscomb, Charles H.; Davis, Alson C.; Deitzler, George W.; Eldridge House; Entertainment; Farnsworth, Loring; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Pratt, Caleb S.; Roberts, William Young; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Smith, George W.; Stinson, Thomas N.; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Map, Ream's sectional map of the territory of Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1858
Map of Kansas Territory counties, with Washington, Dickinson, and Clay counties as a Western boundary.

Keywords: Allen County, Kansas Territory; Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Brown County, Kansas Territory; Butler County, Kansas Territory; Calhoun County, Kansas Territory (see also Jackson County, Kansas Territory); Clay County, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Dickinson County, Kansas Territory; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Dorn County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Godfrey County, Kansas Territory; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Hunter County, Kansas Territory; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Madison County, Kansas Territory; Maps; Marshall County, Kansas Territory; McGhee County, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Richardson County, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Washington County, Kansas Territory; Weller County, Kansas Territory; Wilson County, Kansas Territory; Woodson County, Kansas Territory


Letter, S. C. S. [Samuel C. Smith] to Dear Doctor [Charles Robinson]
Authors: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: January 6, 1859
Samuel Smith wrote to Dr. Charles Robinson from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, regarding the latest election events within the Kansas Territorial Legislature. The positions of Speaker and Clerk were not secured by William Roberts and himself, as had been expected, but had been filled by Alfred Larzalere and Byron P. Ayres as a consequence of some questionable internal party politics, so described by Smith. Smith also wrote Robinson of George Deitzler's desire to resume correspondence with him, and of a recent incident in which James Lane's portrait was defaced.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Ayres, Byron P.; Babcock, Carmi William; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Branscomb, Charles H.; Deitzler, George W.; Delahay, Mark W.; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elder, P.P.; Elections; Free State Party; Goodin, Joel Kishler; Hutchinson, George W.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Larzalere, Alfred; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); McLane, George W.; Methodist Church; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Roberts, William Young; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Smith, Samuel C.; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Vaughan, Champion; Wright, John W.; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Albert C. Morton to Mr. Hill
Authors: Guthrie, Abelard
Date: January 8, 1859
Albert Morton wrote from Leavenworth City, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton reported that there was "a good deal of excitement out for Pikes Peak" and many Leavenworth citizens spoke of traveling there to dig for gold the following spring. His investments were not earning him much money, and he expressed his desire to sell land in order to pay what he owed to Hill and Abelard Guthrie.

Keywords: Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Morton, Albert C.; Pikes Peak gold rush; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies


Letter, W. T. Sherman to Robert Campbell
Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Date: January 13, 1859
For the Leavenworth law firm which was, after January 1, 1859, "Sherman Ewing & McCook," W. T. Sherman responded to correspondence regarding the collection of money owed from Robert Campbell of Saint Louis. One of the debtors in question was "Russell Majors & Waddell."

Keywords: Campbell, Robert; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Majors, Alexander, 1814-1900; McCook, Dan; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell); Sherman, Ewing & McCook; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; St. Louis, Missouri; Waddell, William B.; Weston, Missouri


Letter, Sherman[W. T], Ewing [Thomas] & McCook to Mess. Walker, Williams & Miller
Authors: Sherman, Ewing & McCook
Date: January 14, 1859
The day after writing to Robert Campbell regarding debt collections involving Russell, Majors & Waddell, the law firm contacted "Walker, Williams & Miller" of Weston, Missouri, about the amount owed because William Russell "could not pay the draft" but assured them that Walker, Williams & Miller "would promptly do so."

Keywords: Debt; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; McCook, Dan; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell); Sherman, Ewing & McCook; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Walker, Williams & Miller; Weston, Missouri


Letter, W.T. Sherman to James B. Goddard
Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Date: January 17, 1859
From Leavenworth, W.T. Sherman wrote to a correspondent in Louisville, Ohio, regarding the uncertain prospects of "the Gold Mines of Kansas." He speculated that the Pikes Peak mines would yield some gold but nothing like the mines of California and Australia, and offered some travel advice.

Keywords: California; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Goddard, James B.; Gold mines and mining; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ohio; Pikes Peak gold rush; Salt Lake, Utah; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891


Letter, W.T. Sherman to Robert Campbell
Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Date: January 17, 1859
This was another letter to Robert Campbell regarding the debt that Sherman, Ewing & McCook was trying to collect. With the others, this conveyed a sense of the legal and financial transactions that seemed to have been a major part of this firm's business and the financial activities of the territory.

Keywords: Campbell, Robert; Courts; Finance; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Salt Lake, Utah; Sherman, Ewing & McCook; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Weston, Missouri


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [Milton Fithion]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 14, 1859
Recently back in Leavenworth after spending the winter in Washington conducting railroad business, Thomas Ewing, Jr., wrote to Milton Fithion [?] of Urbana, Ohio, regarding payment for what was apparently a bogus "Wyandot float." Such a claim, if valid, "would be worth from $1,500 to $2,000," but Marcus Parrott, who had agreed to buy the float had discovered that the named "Wyandot" was not included in the "treaties as entitled to land."

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fithion, Milton; Indian treaties; Land claims; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Urbana, Ohio; Wyandot Float


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dir Sir [William F. Roelofson]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 26, 1859
In this March 26, 1859, letter to William F. Roelofson, London, England, T. Ewing, Jr., discussed an investment but also observed: "The city streets are black with the swarms of Pikes Peakers and our prospects are better now than ever. We are getting 2/3rds of the whole of this emigration: and our merchants are doing an enormous business in outfitting for the mines."

Keywords: Commerce; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Gold mines and mining; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; London, England; Merchants; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Roelofson, William F.


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [J. M. Winchell]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: April 13, 1859
This letter from Ewing in Leavenworth to James M. Winchell at "Wyandott" addressed a question regarding real estate in the latter's city and the upcoming Osawatomie convention for the founding of the Republican Party in Kansas. Ewing believed the "opposition" would "have no difficulty in carrying the county: but if the party is badly managed at Osawattomie [sic], & at subsequent conventions, our county is surely gone and probably the Territory."

Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Real estate; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [G. W. Brown]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: April 13, 1859
With regard to the formation of the Republican Party at the forthcoming Osawatomie convention, Ewing told George W. Brown, editor of Lawrence's Herald of Freedom, why he believed this was the right course for the "opposition" to take at this time. The Free State Party had, in his opinion, accomplished its objectives, and the Democratic Party contained a proslave faction and was affiliated with the administration. Ewing's objective was "to secure an organization of the Republican or opposition party at Osawattomie [sic], on a just and rational platform, and led by honest & conservative men."

Keywords: Big Springs Convention; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Democratic Party (U.S.); Free State Party; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Osawatomie convention; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Proslavery; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: May 11, 1859
Among other rather mundane items, Ewing told his father back in Ohio that the Democrats had just held a convention at Tecumseh, "which Hugh [Ewing] and Hamp attended," and about the economic conditions in Leavenworth, which were much tied to the success of the "Pikes Peak movement."

Keywords: Construction; Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Physicians; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; St. Joseph, Missouri; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [E. Peabody]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: June 9, 1859
To E. Peabody of St. Joseph, Ewing, Jr. wrote with regard to the construction of the railroad from that city to Leavenworth. "I think that by the time you & Maj Osborn come down, we shall be able to satisfy you that whatever is then promised on the part of this City & County will be done--bonds."

Keywords: Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Railroads; St. Joseph, Missouri


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [Leandre Martin]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: July 2, 1859
In his reply to a June 25 letter from Leandre Martin, Osawatomie, Ewing, Jr. agreed there was little doubt that "several hundred illegal & fraudulent votes" for the Democrats impacted Leavenworth's early June election for delegates to the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention. (Democrats captured all ten spots in the county's delegation.) The problem was establishing proof for individual cases of fraud totaling 450, the Democratic majority in the county.

Keywords: Contested elections; Democratic Party (U.S.); Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859


Letter, [Marc Parrott] to Dr. Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: c. 1859
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott, of Ohio. Marcus inquired about the "mixed politics" he had heard about in Ohio. He also remarked that he anticipated being a candidate for Congress, and expressed his interest in visiting Pike's Peak. Marcus added that he would leave the following morning for Wyandotte in order to attend the Constitutional Convention there, and projected that there would be trouble since the Republicans held a heavy majority.

Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Free State Party; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; National politics; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pikes Peak, Kansas Territory; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859


Correspondence, Champion Vaughan to S.O. Thacher, et al
Authors: Vaughan, Champion
Date: July 7, 1859
Vaughan, editor of the Leavenworth Times, wrote this letter soon after the convention convened to introduce and lend his support to three "Delegates elect from Southern Nebraska to the Kansas Convention." They had convinced Vaughan that efforts toward annexation were not just more Democratic politics.

Keywords: Constitutions; Democratic Party (U.S.); Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Times; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Nebraska Territory; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Ritchie, John, 1817-1887; Thacher, Solon O. (Solon Otis), 1830-1895; Vaughan, Champion; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859


Letter, Wm Taylor to S. S. Cox
Authors: Taylor, William
Date: July 31, 1859
William Taylor wrote to S. S. Cox regarding his impressions of the Wyandotte Constitution, which had been recently submitted to Congress. He then added details praising the peace and fertility of the land in Kansas Territory. Taylor concluded by supposing "that there will not any disturbance"caused by the border ruffians in the Territory.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Cox, S.S.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Landscape; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Taylor, William; Women Suffrage; Womens rights; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Miss Maria Maher
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: September 14, 1859
Although not specifically stated, it seems clear that this letter to Maria Maher, "a first rate servant" girl who had "served us [the Ewings] so long and so well," addressed her unfortunate condition--becoming pregnant out of wedlock. She was sent to the Catholic charitable institution in St. Louis and advised to seek legal assistance from a particular attorney there "if the young man will not honorably fulfil his promise. . . . If the young man means to marry you, he will do it at once."

Keywords: Catholic Church; Domestics; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Miege, John Baptist; Servants; St. Louis, Missouri; Unmarried mothers


Letter, H. Miles Moore to Major J. [Jesse] Morin
Authors: Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826
Date: October 12, 1859
Moore, an anti-slavery Democrat wrote to Jesse Morin, register of the federal land office in Fort Scott, K. T., to seek Morin's support in his bid for the Democratic Party nomination for attorney general. Moore was unsuccessful at the October 25, 1859, Democratic Convention in his effort to secure the nomination.

Keywords: Attorneys general; Democratic Party (U.S.); Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Morin, Jesse; Northern Democrats


Minutes, Wyandotte Mayor's Office
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: October 27, 1859 - November 19, 1859
The minutes from these three meetings--October 17, November 15, and November 19--detail the workings of the mayor's office in Wyandotte, Kansas Territory. Some of the main points for discussion included plans to build a jail and a ferry for the Missouri River. Also, in the last entry, the board passed a motion that all dogs who were unmuzzled and running loose could be "lawfully slain."

Keywords: Board of Trustees; Ferries; Killen, Daniel; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Missouri River; Parr, James R.; Prisons; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: November 11, 1859
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott. Marcus, up for reelection as delegate to Congress and anxious to receive the voter returns, shared his feelings with his brother. He mentioned a problem in Pikes Peak that was delaying the results, and advised Edwin that he should look for him in Ohio in two weeks. Marcus also suggested that Edwin accompany him to Washington, stating "it would be good training ground for the Ohio Legislature".

Keywords: Election fraud; Elections; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ohio; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879


Letter, [M. W.] Delahay to Dear Sam [Wood]
Authors: Delahay, Mark W.
Date: November 18, 1859
From Leavenworth, Delahay wrote in response to Sam Wood's November 14 request that Delahay come to "the Grove" [Council Grove] to assist with the election campaign. Delahay was not sure he could make this long trip, since "our court commences" on the first Monday of December, and he expected to be busy with the local campaign. Delahay ended by asking Wood to help secure for him the position of "chief clerk" in the territorial legislature, "the office that I was by base treachery last winter swindled out of . . ."

Keywords: Council Grove, Kansas Territory; Delahay, Mark W.; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Elections; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minneola, Kansas Territory; Morris County, Kansas Territory; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [Hon. John Sherman]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: December 16, 1859
Ewing wrote Republican Congressman John Sherman in Washington, D.C., to implore him not to support the appointment of William Montgomery (D., Pa.) to the Committee on Public Lands. The Pennsylvania congressman was heavily invested in Atchison and could be expected to continue to support an inequitable Public Land bill.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Montgomery, William; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; United States. Congress; United States. Congress. House. Committee on Public Lands; Washington, D.C.


Barclay's Business Directory of Leavenworth for 1859
Authors: Pierse, Allen
Date: 1859
In addition to a listing of businesses and advertisements, the directory included the elected officials for the city of Leavenworth for 1858-59 and the newspapers published in Leavenworth. A few women are listed as owners of businesses. The information for the directory was compiled by Allen Pierse.

Keywords: Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pierse, Allen; Retail businesses; Town development; Women


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Hugh Ward of Leavenworth County filed claim # 115 for the loss and/or use of his horses, his home as a hospital, and various supplies by the pro-slavery party. The damages were done by a group of men commanded by Captain H. C. Dunn. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Damage claims; Dunn, H. C.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Livestock; Proslavery activities; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Ward, Hugh


Leavenworth City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy
Date: 1859
In addition to advertisements, and information about various civic institutions in Leavenworth, this city directory also contained an historical sketch of the city attributed to H. Miles Moore, one of Leavenworth's early settlers. Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials and community institutions. The volume contained a number of ads for businesses in St. Louis, Missouri. The item referenced a map that was supposed to serve as a street guide but it was not contained in the KSHS copy of this item.

Keywords: Advertisements; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Retail businesses; St. Louis, Missouri; Town development; Women


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Claim #188 was filed on behalf of the company of Rees & Keith by Lewis N. Rees and Perry Keith, partners in the business in Leavenworth County. It was for provisions supplied to the territorial militia under the command of Brigadier General Lucian J. Eastin and Colonel Archibal Payne. Jarrett Todd served as the commissary for Colonel Payne's regiment. The items furnished included various food stuffs, kitchen equipment, and some ammunition. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Ammunition; Damage claims; Eastin, Lucian J.; Food; Keith, Perry; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Payne, Archibald; Rees & Keith; Rees, Lewis N.; Retail businesses; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Todd, Jarrett


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
William H. P. Bristow operated a store in Easton and on September 15-16, 1856, the items listed in his claim (#183) were taken by a Lindsay Greeming who was in a territorial militia company commanded by H. C. Dunn. The claim provided a very detailed list of fabric and clothing that was taken from Mr. Bristow's store. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Bristow, William H. P.; Damage claims; Dunn, H. C.; Easton, Kansas Territory; Fabric shops; Greeming, Lindsay; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Retail businesses; Strickler, Hiram Jackson


Photograph, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, 1860
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
An illustration of Leavenworth when it was six years old, Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Photographs and Illustrations; Steamboats


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [John Hanna]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 26, 1860
In this letter to a friend in Greencastle, Indiana, Ewing made numerous observations about the state of Kansas politics, of which he wrote: "Politics in Kansas you know are a business to those caught in the whirlpool." Ewing thought the state government was "pretty well officered" but was concerned about prospects for the senatorial contest. "Lane is nearly dead with the politicians. . . But he is a power with the people. . . . I look on Lane as a decidedly bad man," even though he recognized Lane's positive "service to the cause before the [Lawrence free-state] Convention in Decr 1857."

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Free state cause; Hanna, John; Journalism; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Congress. Senate; Vaughan, Champion


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing Sr.]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: February 2, 1860
In a lengthy letter to his father back in Lancaster, Ohio, Thomas Ewing, Jr., provided some observations and analysis of the Kansas political scene, especially as it pertained to the forthcoming election of U.S. senators. The counties north of the Kansas River would likely get either Marcus J. Parrott or Samuel C. Pomeroy, and the latter worried Ewing primarily because he was an Atchison promoter.

Keywords: Apprenticeship; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Lancaster, Ohio; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Machinists; Moore, Ely; Ohio; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pikes Peak gold rush; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Russell, William H (of Russell, Majors and Waddell); United States. Congress. Senate; United States. General Land Office


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr.]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 9, 1860
Thomas Ewing, Jr., wrote from Leavenworth to his father in Ohio seeking his assistance with a legal matter involving claims to the land "reserved to certain half breeds of the Kansas tribe." Most of this land was occupied by squatters and questions of legal title and transfer were being litigated in the territorial and federal courts.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Courts; Elmore, Rush; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kansa Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Kansa Indians; Kansas Territory. Supreme Court; Land claim disputes; Land speculation; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Native Americans; Ohio; Pettit, John; Squatters; Territorial Supreme Court (see Kansas Territory. Supreme Court)


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to A. J. Isacks
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 22, 1860
Ewing addressed a number of issues in this letter to former territorial Kansas attorney general Andrew J. Isacks (1854-1857), who was in Washington, D.C. presumably lobbying Congress on behalf of Kansas admission, etc., but closed with some interesting comments on Leavenworth's interest in the promotion and development of the Smoky Hill route to the Pikes Peak region. Isacks was one of Ewing's principle partners in the Leavenworth, Pawnee, & Western Railroad venture and was undoubtedly busy lobbying for a railroad land grant from Congress.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Colorado City, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Homestead law; Isacks, Andrew Jackson; Land grants; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Pawnee, and Western Railroad Company; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Smoky Hill Trail, Kansas Territory; United States. Congress; Washington, D.C.


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Gov'r [Charles Robinson]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 30, 1860
In response to a letter of March 27 from Charles Robinson, Lawrence, Ewing wrote regarding the governor's forthcoming trip to Washington. Ewing mentioned several issues but was mainly concerned about the lobbying effort for the railroad bill and the future state's federal land grant.

Keywords: Babcock, Carmi William; Deitzler, George W.; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land grants; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Times; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Railroad promotion; Railroads; Railroads finance; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Congress; Vaughan, John C.; Washington, D.C.


Minutes of the Kansas and Nebraska Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Fifth Session
Authors: Kansas and Nebraska Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church
Date: March, 1860
The annual conference was held in Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, on March 15, 1860. The report contained a great deal more information than the Third Session from 1858 and included information about Methodist Churches in all parts of Kansas (as well as Nebraska) Territory. Its committee reports included education, slavery, temperance, the conference missionary society, etc.

Keywords: Baker University; Bluemont Central College; Churches; Community life; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Methodist Church; Methodists; Religion; Slavery; Temperance


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [Abraham Lincoln]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: May 6, 1860
On May 6, 1860, ten days before the Republican convention convened in Chicago, Illinois, Ewing wrote to Abraham Lincoln at Springfield, Ill., regarding the fact that the Kansas Republican delegation had been "instructed by the Convention by which they were selected to cast their votes (if they should have any) for Mr. Seward [considered by most a more radical candidate]. . ." Ewing wanted to explain how this happened and why D.W. Wilder, a strong Seward man, was the Leavenworth delegate rather than "Col. Delahay who was understood to be strongly in favor of your nomination."

Keywords: Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873; Chicago, Illinois; Delahay, Mark W.; Election, Presidential, 1860; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Illinois; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Political conventions; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872; Wilder, Daniel Webster, 1832-1911


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [E. Peabody]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: June 24, 1860
In this letter from Leavenworth to E. Peabody in St. Joseph, Mo., Ewing sought information about ongoing railroad projects to better inform his and the public's decision in an upcoming bond election. Leavenworth County residents were being asked "to subscribe and issue $100,000 of county bonds to the Leavenworth & Cameron Railroad Company," and Ewing was leaning against it. He favored an extension of the "Platte County road" and subsequent development of the "Leavenworth & Fort Riley road."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Bonds; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth and Cameron Railroad; Leavenworth and Fort Riley Railroad; Peabody, E.; Platte County, Missouri; Railroads; Weston, Missouri


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to the New York Tribune (Copy No. 1)
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: August 24, 1860
This copy was titled "Thaddeus Hyatt's Letters from Kansas, The fact of the Drougth. Introduction of the facts, an appeal and an apology!" Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, was trying to dispel information coming from Leavenworth that reported that conditions in Kansas were being exaggerated. He felt efforts to deny "the present deplorable condition of things" were motivated by economic concerns. Hyatt wrote that they suffered because of the drought, not their own actions, and that the free North should aid them. The letter was well written and contained a great deal of emotional rhetoric. The letter was copied (by hand) by W. F. M. Arny. The last page of the letter elaborated on its origins.

Keywords: Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Herald; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; National politics; New York Tribune; Newspapers; Relief; Relief funds


Letter, M. W. Delahay to My Dear Sir
Authors: Delahay, Mark W.
Date: December 1, 1860
In response to an inquiry about a presidential appointment, Delahay wrote from Leavenworth that it was too soon to bother the president elect with such matters. When the time came, perhaps in April or May, Delahay believed Lincoln would treat Kansas fairly and might "consult his friends in Kansas and I may be one of them . . . I have been an old friend of Mr. Lincoln and he is a relative of my wife." (This is identified as a "circular letter," so perhaps it was mailed to a number of individuals with similar interests.)

Keywords: Delahay, Mark W.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Patronage, political; Presidential appointments; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )


Hints and Information for the use of Emigrants to Pike's Peak Embracing a Concise and Comprehensive Sketch of the Gold Region, the Best Routes, Points of Outfit, etc.
Authors: Drake, Samuel Adams
Date: 1860
This printed guide to those intending to go the the gold fields near Pike's Peak included a short history of the region since the discovery of the gold and a list of distances from Leavenworth via various locations to Denver City. It contained various tips about how to prepare for the trip. The pamphlet also promoted Leavenworth as "superior to any point on the border" and contained information about the city and the businesses there. For example, the pamphlet listed the number of various kinds of businesses, manufacturers, occupations, and social institutions in Leavenworth. A hand written note on the item indicated the information in the pamphlet was published in the Leavenworth Daily Times on February 14, 1860.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denver City, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush; Retail businesses; Town promotion; Travel


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear [Joseph J.] Coombs
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 22, 1861
In January 1861 Ewing wrote several letters to members of Congress and others of influence in Washington on behalf of Charles Robinson's appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs. This one, marked "Private," to J. J. Coombs is one example. Not only was Robinson well qualified for this important position, according to Ewing, but Robinson's appointment to this influential post would increase Ewing's chance to capture a Senate seat--"If he can get the appt before the State Legislature sits it will so greatly strengthen his influence that my election will be certain."

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Coombs, Joseph J.; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Presidential appointments; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; United States. Congress. Senate; Washington, D.C.


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Govr [Charles Robinson]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 24, 1861
This brief letter to Charles Robinson in Lawrence was to inform the "governor" of Ewing's activities on his behalf and to send him a copy of one of the half dozen or so letters Ewing had written in support of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs appointment. Letters reportedly went to Caleb B. Smith; John Sherman; Governors T. Corwin, William Dennison, and Salmon Chase; Joseph J. Coombs; and "Father," Thomas Ewing, Sr.

Keywords: Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873; Coombs, Joseph J.; Corwin, Thomas; Dennison, William, 1815-1882; Ewing, Faith; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Presidential appointments; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; Smith, Caleb B.; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; Washington, D.C.


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear General [James H. Lane]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 25, 1861
In this "Private" reply to his political rival, Ewing apparently responded to a request from Jim Lane for information about troops and munitions at Fort Leavenworth. Ewing provided some detailed information about this and about the local militia's readiness and strength. The troop strength at the fort was weak, but "Dragoons" from Fort Scott were expected soon: "If the Cavalry Companies come, all will be safe at the Fort. But we must have a force prepared to defend the City--& such preparation is our best guaranty for peace with our neighbors.

Keywords: Ammunition; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Firearms; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Military; Militia; United States. Army


Court document conveying property to James S. Emery
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: July 16, 1861
This document settled a court case from the Second District Court of the Territory of Kansas, decided in November 1860. Emery was successful in getting a judgment against the Delaware Town Company of Lawrence which resulted in his acquiring property in Leavenworth County. Repine was the sheriff of Leavenworth County when the land was conveyed to Emery.

Keywords: Courts; Delaware Town Company of Lawrence; Emery, James Stanley; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Repine, Alexander; Town companies


Photograph, Lucian Eastin
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Lucian Eastin was a proslavery supporter. He was the head of the proslavery militia and the editor of the Herald in Leavenworth, Kansas Territory for a period of time. This image is a copy from a painting.

Keywords: Eastin, Lucian J.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Militia; Photographs and Illustrations; Proslavery activities; Proslavery supporters


Muster Roll, Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box, Leavenworth County
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
The Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box were free state supporters who were determined to see that fair elections were held in Kansas. James Lane was appointed to organize companies throughout the territory. General Order No. 1, found on this site, included instructions for listing the members of each company. This muster roll was prepared as a result of that order. This company was recruited in Leavenworth County from the area of Easton. The muster roll listed the officers and enlisted men, their age, place of birth, and where from to Kansas. Instead of listing where the company members lived in Kansas, this muster roll indicated how long they had been in Kansas under the column "residence is Kansas." The remarks column noted if the company member had a weapon. The ages of company members range from 18 to 52. The captain was Joseph Hicks.

Keywords: Easton, Kansas Territory; Election fraud; Elections; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Free state supporters; Guns; Hicks, Joseph; Kansas Volunteers; Kansas Volunteers for the Protection of the Ballot Box; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Militia; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections); Weapons (see also Guns)


Photograph, William Tecumseh Sherman
Authors: Kuhn Bros.
Date: 
William Tecumseh Sherman was involved in Leavenworth during the territorial period. He was a partner in a law firm with Thomas Ewing, Jr., who was also his brother-in-law. He was involved in promoting the interests of Leavenworth. He later gained fame as a Civil War General. This photograph was taken after his time in Kansas.

Keywords: Card photographs; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kuhn Bros.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Town development; Town promotion


Photograph, John C. Vaughan
Authors: Aldrich's Studio
Date: 
John C. Vaughn came to Leavenworth, Kansas Territory in 1859. He served as the editor and publisher of the Leavenworth Times.

Keywords: Aldrich's Studio; Cabinet photographs; Journalism; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Times; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Photographs and Illustrations; Vaughan, John C.


Photograph, John A. Halderman
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Halderman grew up in Kentucky and was trained as a lawyer. He came to Kansas Territory in 1854 and served as the personal secretary to the first territorial governor Andrew Reeder. In 1855, he served as secretary to the first territorial council. He ultimately separated himself from the pro-slavery Lecompton movement. He was the first probate judge of Leavenworth County. He served as a major of the First Kansas volunteers during the Civil War and lived most of the rest of his life in Leavenworth.

Keywords: Halderman, John Adams; Kansas Territory. Council; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Reader, A. H.


Photograph, Thomas Ewing, Jr.
Authors: Brady's National Portrait Galleries
Date: 
Thomas Ewing, Jr. moved to Kansas Territory in 1856 and established a law practice in Leavenworth. He was an active free state supporter and a delegate at the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He had numerous business and land interests. He was one of James H. Lane's attorney's in his trial concerning the death of Gaius Jenkins.

Keywords: Brady's National Portrait Galleries; Cartes de visite; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Free state activities; Free state supporters; Lawyers; Leavenworth Constitution; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Daniel Webster Wilder
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Daniel Webster Wilder was an early Kansas resident and one of its first historians. During the territorial era, he was a resident of Leavenworth and was one of the Kansans at the 1860 Republican National convention in Chicago, Illinois. He compiled the Annals of Kansas, and the territorial portion of this work is available elsewhere on this site.

Keywords: Card photographs; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Republican National Convention (1860 : Chicago, Ill.); Wilder, Daniel Webster, 1832-1911


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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