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58 results for Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886:
List of Subscriptions to Stock of the Massachusetts and New England Emigrant Aid Companies
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: May 1854 - June 1855
This volume includes lists of subscribers to shares of stock in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company and the New England Emigrant Aid Company. The reports list the name of the subscriber, place of residence, number of shares, total value of shares, and when the subscriber paid for the shares. Subscribers included Amos A. Lawrence, Eli Thayer, Charles Francis Adams, Moses Kimball, and Charles Robinson. The volume also includes a list of donors to the company.

Keywords: Adams, Charles Francis, 1807-1886; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Kimball, Moses, 1809-1895; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Circular, Worcester County [Massachusetts] Kansas League
Authors: Worcester County Kansas League
Date: July 11, 1854
This printed circular, issued by the Worcester County Kansas League, advertises the establishment and growth of the "Emigrant Aid Company." It further explains their role in assisting New Englanders to emigrate to the Kansas Territory. Included are the Constitution and By-laws of the Worcester County Kansas League.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Circulars; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Williams, John M. S.; Worcester County Kansas League


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Mr. [Amos Adams] Lawrence
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: September 22, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Samuel Pomeroy wrote from a settlement, which would come to be called Lawrence, in Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Lawrence was an investor who sponsored the emigrant group who would settle the town of Lawrence. Pomeroy reported that Charles Robinson had been elected President of the Lawrence Association, the first governing body of the town. He was enthusiastic about the abundance of timber resources in the area, which, once secured from the Indians, would make for a good business enterprise. Emigrants were arriving in droves, filling the hotels and increasing demand for land claims. Though he remained positive, Pomeroy warned "Don't make yourselves believe that the slave holders have given up Kansas!" and anticipated a political battle during the upcoming Territorial Legislature election.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Branscomb, Charles H.; Business enterprises; Elections; Emigration and immigration; Hotels; Illness; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery supporters; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development


Letter, C. Robinson to A. A. Lawrence Esq.
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: October 16, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society.Charles Robinson wrote from Kansas Territory to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson recounted to Lawrence the recent discussion of the new settlement's name, believing "Wakarusa" to be inappropriate and rejecting the names of Eastern cities already in existence. There appeared to be unanimous support for the name "Lawrence", which had fallen into common use, though it had not been officially adopted. Robinson advised Lawrence that a naming committee would be in contact with him soon to give him formal notice of the adoption of "Lawrence" as the settlement's official name.

Keywords: Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lum, S. Y; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Town development


Letter, C. Robinson to A. A. Lawrence Esq.
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 18, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson thanked Lawrence for his unfailing support of the enterprise of the Territory and claimed his devotion to work done in his interest. He discussed Lawrence's development, having secured the offices of three free state newspapers, but expressed anxiety about the upcoming territorial election. However, Robinson vowed that his men would not resort to fraudulent voting to win the majority over proslavery supporters.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Business enterprises; Election fraud; Elections; Elliott, Robert G.; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Newspapers; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sawmills; Speer, John, 1817-1906; Town development


Circular, Plan of Operations of the Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Date: 1854
This circular, written "for the purpose of answering numerous inquiries, concerning the plan of operation of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company, and the resources of the Kansas Territory", contains two sections. The first outlines the objectives and plans of the Aid Company; the second, longer portion, serves as a type of almanac about journeying to and settling in Kansas Territory. The Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was the predecessor of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which was formed in 1855.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Circulars; Crops; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Landscape; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Native Americans; Park, George S.; Smoky Hill Valley, Kansas Territory; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Transportation; Wakarusa River; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Charter, Officers, and Objects of the Company
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: c. 1855
This charter of the New England Emigrant Aid Company lists officers, directors, members of the executive committee and information about the stock of the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Branscomb, Charles H.; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Worcester County Kanzas League promotional brochure
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: February 13, 1855
This circular letter was written by Edward E. Hale on behalf of the Worcester County Kanzas League. It was probably affiliated with the New England Emigrant Aid Company as many of the officers are the same. The document provided detailed information about how emigrants would get to Kansasand tips for settling once they got there. He also provided information on how to support the League through the purchase of stock.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Branscomb, Charles H.; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroads; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.; Worcester County Kansas League; Worcester, Massachusetts


An Act to Incorporate the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts. General Court
Date: February 21, 1855
The act of the Massachusetts legislature authorizing the creation of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, the successor to the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts. General Court; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Revd. Edw. E. Hale
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 25, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing from Boston to Edward Everett Hale, a Worcester, Massachusetts resident, expressed concern about the manner in which Worcester leaders in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company were doing business. Specifically, Lawrence was upset about Hale's and Eli Thayer's use of Emigrant Aid Company funds to make a loan to George Washington Brown, the editor of the Herald of Freedom.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Worcester, Massachusetts


Minutes, New England Emigrant Aid Company Annual Meetings
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: March 5, 1855 - May 29, 1860
Proceedings of the New England Emigrant Aid Company stockholders meetings. The meetings typically involved the election of officers, a treasurer's report, consideration of resolutions, and an assessment of the company's prospects in Kansas. The minutes for the first meeting of the New England Emigrant Aid Company (March 5, 1855) included the corporation by-laws.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Higginson, Charles J.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Minutes; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Mr. J. [James] B. Abbott
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: August 11, 1855
Amos A. Lawrence wrote from Boston to James Abbott in Hartford, Conneticut, with shipping instructions for the 100 sharps rifles he would procure. Lawrence requested that they be "packed in casks like hardware" and to bill him for expenses incurred.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Free state activities; Free state cause; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Sharps rifles; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Mr. Jas B. Abbott
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: August 20, 1855
Amos A. Lawrence wrote from Boston to James Abbott in Hartford, Connecticut, referring to a recent shipment of carbine rifles he had sent, which was "far from being enough." Lawrence advised Abbott to take good care of them, as they might be used as reimbursement to those investors who had subscribed money to the free state cause once "it is settled that Kanzas shall not be a province of Missouri."

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Free state militia; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Missourians; Sharps rifles


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [James Abbott]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: August 24, 1855
Amos A. Lawrence wrote from Boston to James Abbott in Hartford, Connecticut, wanting to confirm his receipt of a shipment of rifles. Lawrence advised Abbott that at least half of them should be redistributed to free state forces in Topeka.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Free state cause; Free state militia; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Sharps rifles; Topeka, Kansas Territory


To the citizens of Missouri
Authors: Brown, John Carter, 1797-1874
Date: September 1855
This letter was written by the directors of New England Emigrant Aid Company responding to various charges made against them by the citizens of Missouri.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John Carter; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Kansas Nebraska Act; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Missourians; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, A. A. Lawrence to Mr. [Charles H.] Branscomb
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: September 22, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing to Charles H. Branscomb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, expressed his concern about the growing debts of the Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Debt; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Mr. [Charles H.] Branscomb
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: September 26, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing from Boston, Massachusetts to Charles H. Branscomb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, submitted his resignation as treasurer of the Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Letter, C. [Charles] Robinson to A. A. Lawrence
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: September 28, 1855
Charles Robinson, writing from Lawrence, K. T. to Amos A. Lawrence, expressed his optimism about the prospects of Kansas entering the union as a free state within one year. Robinson also informed Lawrence that he had drawn upon him for $1000 to cover New England Emigrant Aid Company expenses.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state cause; Free state perspective; Indian floats; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Doctor [Samuel Cabot]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 9, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing to Dr. Samuel Cabot, complained that Eli Thayer was not doing enough in support of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. Lawrence commented that he had personally invested $13,000 in the company during the previous year and declared that it was time to "hold up" on future contributions.

Keywords: Cabot, Samuel; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, S. C. [Samuel Clarke] Pomeroy to Sir
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: October 10, 1855
Pomeroy, writing from Kansas City, informed a New England Emigrant Aid Company representative that he had drawn on Mr. L. (probably Amos Lawrence) for $1000 and Mr. Haskins for $300 to pay for construction work on mills and hotels in Kansas Territory. Pomeroy emphasized that he would reduce spending after completion of the mills and hotels.

Keywords: Construction; Economic development; Hotels; Kansas City, Missouri; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Mr. [Charles H.] Branscomb
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 19, 1855
Amos Lawrence requested that Charles H. Branscomb, who was acting as secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, arrange for the appointment of his (Lawrence's) successor as company treasurer. Lawrence indicated that recently he had paid a $2000 company bill out of personal funds and would not take such action again.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Circular, Informational Letter regarding Emigration to Kansas
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: 1855
Edward Hale was the author of this printed letter describing the services provided by the [New England] Emigrant Aid Company and the conditions of settlement in Kansas Territory. Hale included information regarding cost of travel and settlement, conditions of land acquisition, job opportunities, and relations with local Indians. He also addressed the slavery question, and already mentioned occurrences of election fraud on the part of proslavery supporters, but concluded that, in his own opinion "there is no danger whatever for Kanzas".

Keywords: Business enterprises; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Libraries; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Travel; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, A. A. Lawrence to My dear Sir [Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: January 31, 1856
From Boston, January 31, 1856, Amos Lawrence wrote to advise his friend Charles Robinson submit to the authority of recognized officers of the U.S. government, no matter how unjust their actions appeared. He suggested that Robinson follow the "Fabian policy" of non-violent, peaceful resistance, and do what he could to discourage "all aggression" on the part of free-state men.

Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Free state cause; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; Pierce administration; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Slave power; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement)


Letters, J. C. Palmer to A. A. Lawrence, A. A. L. to Capt. J. B. Abbott
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams; Palmer, J.C.
Date: February 1856
Amos A. Lawrence "forwarded" a message he had received from J. C. Palmer of Sharps' Rifle Manufacturing Company to James Abbott in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Palmer's note to Lawrence assured the correct quantity and quality of merchandise would be sent to Kansas Territory. Lawrence displays an interesting criticism of Palmer and the Sharps' Company in the letter forwarded to Abbott: he added a tag to Palmer's own signature "J. C. Palmer Pres[ident]", which read, "of a corporation that has no soul." Lawrence went on to implore to Abbott that he work cooperatively with Colonel E. V. Sumner against all disturbances of the peace, not just those originating with proslavery men. He cautioned that "no circumstances can authorize opposition to the U. S. Gov't even to the meanest of its representations."

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Free state cause; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Palmer, J.C.; Sharps rifles; Sumner, Edwin Vose, 1835-1912


Letter, [Amos A. Lawrence] to My Dear Madame [ Sara T. D. Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: June 26, 1856
From New York, Amos Lawrence wrote that he believed "Gov. Robinson cannot be harmed by any action of law" but thought it wise for Sara Robinson to write "a letter to my mother" "to be kept in reserve." (See, doc. #101115, draft letter) Lawrence mentioned visits with Congressmen William Howard and John Sherman (Howard Commission) and testimony before a congressional committee, and seemed optimistic about the situation in Kansas. [Reprinted in Blackmar, Life of Charles Robinson, 434.]

Keywords: Howard Committee (see also Congressional Report 200); Howard, William Alanson; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Sherman, John, 1823-1900


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Madam [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 3? 1856
Amos A. Lawrence, in Boston, wrote to Sara Robinson regarding her husband's desire to retire from the Emigrant Aid Company, advising her that he not do so until after the November presidential elections. Lawrence also suggested to her that, when writing to President Pierce, she might call him "President" and not "Mister", in order to further her cause. He admitted to Mrs. Robinson, though, that he "has no more love for him" than she does.

Keywords: Davis, Jefferson; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Prisoners; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My dear Mrs. [Sara] Robinson
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 30, 1856
Amos A. Lawrence, writing from Boston, congratulated Sara Robinson, in Fitchburg, Massachusetts, on her first book. Lawrence suggested that she write another Kansas work, as she had all the elements for a "free state" novel. He also requested that she have her husband, Dr. Charles Robinson, come to Boston the following Monday to discuss the Delaware Land Purchase and meet Charles Sumner, the famed Republican abolitionist senator from Massachusetts.

Keywords: Books; Boston, Massachusetts; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Fitchburg, Massachusetts; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874


Plan of Action, Charles Robinson
Authors: Higginson, Thomas Wentworth
Date: November 5, 1856
This document lays out the plan of action proposed by Charles Robinson at a meeting of free state leaders in Boston on November 5, 1856. Most likely these notes from the meeting were written by Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a radical abolitionist from Massachusetts. Six resolutions were passed, some focusing on emigration and others on land sales or fundraising. The back of the document lists the names of those present at the meeting, including such influential figures as Senator Henry Wilson and Eli Thayer.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabot, Samuel; Emery, James Stanley; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Free state legislature; Immigration and early settlement; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Smith, Gerritt; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1856
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1856
Thomas Webb expanded the information in his previous version of this circular to produce a more current edition. Topics such as travel routes, preparation, and provisions are still discussed, while more information regarding town settlements, accommodations, and family life are new additions.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brown, John Carter; Cities and towns; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Timber; Town development; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, draft of, written by Amos Lawrence for Sara Robinson
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911
Date: 1856
According to Frank W. Blackmar, who reprinted this document in the appendix of his book, The Life of Charles Robinson (1901), it was "a draft of a letter sent by Amos A. Lawrence to be re-written and signed by Mrs. Robinson and addressed to Mrs. Lawrence, [a "relative" of President Pierce and] the mother of Amos A. Lawrence. The letter," which concerns Charles Robinson's imprisonment (May 10-Sept. 10, 1856 ) in K.T., was sent by Mrs. Lawrence to Mrs. Pierce, wife of the President who gave it to the President to read."]

Keywords: Abolitionists; Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Bogus legislature; Election fraud; Free state cause; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Popular sovereignty; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Treason


Meeting of National Kansas Committee
Authors: Hurd, H. B.
Date: January 7, 1857
This advertisement, posted by H.B. Hurd, secretary of the National Kansas Committee, called a meeting for the purpose of hearing reports from the central committees of the various states.

Keywords: Chicago, Illinois; Dana, Charles A.; Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; Hurd, H. B.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; National Kansas Committee; New York, New York; Relief funds; Smith, Gerritt


Letter, James Redpath to Sir
Authors: Redpath, James , 1833-1891
Date: February 1857
This printed form letter was written by James Redpath to the people of Boston asking for money for the people of Manhattan, Kansas in order to build a church, school, and library. Redpath had been appointed their agent to solicit this money. He included a list of references at the foot of the page.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabot, Samuel; Churches; Community life; Dana, Charles A.; Education; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to Dear Sir [Amos Lawrence]
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: February 11, 1857
This letter was written from New York by the president of the National Kansas Committee, Thaddeus Hyatt. He was writing to Amos Lawrence about the committee's efforts to relieve the suffering of free state settlers in Kansas Territory. Apparently, a shipment of clothing to Kansas contained a number of articles that were well worn and of little use. Hyatt also spoke of the need for agricultural implements, cattle, and seeds to end the suffering of the settlers.

Keywords: Agricultural implements; Cabot, Samuel; Clothing and dress; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Loans; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Relief funds; Seeds


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Charles Robinson and S.C. Pomeroy
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 14, 1857
A. A. Lawrence, writing from Boston, sent a letter along with notes and stock valued at $12,696.14 to Charles Robinson and S.C. Pomeroy, who were acting as Trustees of Lawrence University. He instructed that the money be held in trust, with the intrest income to be used "for the advancement of religious and intellectual education of the young in Kansas." However, Lawrence added that he wanted the funds returned to him if Kansas should not become a free state after its acceptance into the Union.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Lawrence University; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Universities and colleges


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My dear Sir [John Brown]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 19, 1857
Amos Lawrence, Boston, sent John Brown $70 which had been donated by the people of East Jaffrey, New Hampshire, for Brown's "own personal use, & not for the cause in any other way than that. Lawrence did not believe Brown would receive much financial support from the National Kansas Committee: "the old managers have not inspired confidence, & therefore money will be hard for them to get now & hereafter."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Finance; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; National Kansas Committee; New Hampshire


Letter, E. Nute to Mr. [Amos Adams] Lawrence
Authors: Nute, Ephraim
Date: March 4, 1857
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. In a letter marked "private", Ephraim Nute wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Nute responded to Lawrence's suggestion that the college sit on the "broad table land on Mt. Oread or Capitol hill"; he supported the idea but feared that issues surrounding the land title would compromise the plan. Nute agreed with Lawrence about the importance of establishing schools, but he also concerned that the current political situation was not conducive to it, as the Territorial government was in the hands of "usurpers". He felt that "only one life now stands between us and the reopening of the civil war."

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Border disputes and warfare; Land claims; Land titles; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Mount Oread; Nute, Ephraim; Proslavery supporters


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [John Brown]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: March 20, 1857
While John Brown was touring the East in March of 1857 he received this letter from Amos Lawrence, Boston, who informed Brown that he (Lawrence) had recently "sent to Kansas near $14,000 to establish a fund" for the support of common and secondary schools. As a result, Lawrence wrote he was short of cash and could not give Brown what he had requested. Nevertheless, "in case anything shd occur while you are engaged in a great & good to shorten yr life, you may be assured that yr wife and children shall be cared for more liberally than you now propose."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Mary Ann Day, 1816-1884; Education; Free state cause; Free state supporters; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886


Letter, A. A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: April 29, 1857
A. A. Lawrence wrote from Boston to Charles Robinson regarding various complaints and general "dissatisfaction" that he had heard of Robinson. Lawrence advised Robinson to avoid disagreement and controversy with the New England Emigrant Aid Company, as the company had great financial and moral power. However, he agreed with Robinson and Pomeroy's decisions regarding the promotion of education in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Lawrence also referred an upcoming election, where free state men would be forced to vote to avoid a split ticket.

Keywords: Education; Elections; Lawrence University; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sampson, Rev. W.H.; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: May 16, 1857
A. A. Lawrence wrote to Charles Robinson in Kansas Territory from Green Bay, Wisconsin. Lawrence commented on the recently appointed Governor of Kansas Territory, Robert John Walker, and criticized his desire to split the free state party. He referred to disagreements within the New England Emigrant Aid Company, and mentioned that he had resigned his position as Treasurer. Lawrence also discussed the collapse of land speculation all over the West.

Keywords: Kansas Territory. Governor; Land sales; Land speculation; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, E. B. Whitman to My dear [Franklin B.] Sanborn
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: May 18, 1857
In his May 18 report to Franklin Sanborn, agent Whitman of Lawrence again cast shame on Massachusetts for its failure to provided needed financial support for the cause in Kansas but focused on his efforts to provide aid for "the school project." Whitman claimed credit for establishing both an elementary school and a high school, the latter of which "is fast becoming a Model," and he hoped his financing would not disappear. He also comments on the political situation, especially the fact that Charles Robinson had "to a large extent" lost the "confidence" of the people.

Keywords: Chicago, Illinois; Education; Free state support; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; National Kansas Committee; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; Topeka Legislature (see Free state legislature); Whitman, E. B.


Treasurer's Annual Report of the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: May 25, 1857
Amos A. Lawrence, treasurer of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, prepared this balance sheet listing company assets and liabilities as of May 25, 1857.

Keywords: Account books; Eldridge House; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Financial statements; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Letter, Thos. J. Marsh to George L. Stearns, Esq.
Authors: Marsh, Thomas J.
Date: August 5, 1857
Again from Lawrence, Marsh wrote Stearns on August 5 to ask for clarification about an order he had received from Amos Lawrence to pay John Brown $335. Brown was not in Kansas at that time and could "not be of much service if he is away from the Territory."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Cheyenne Indians; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Marsh, Thomas J.; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; United States. Army; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, A. A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: August 14, 1857
A. A. Lawrence, from Boston, wrote to Charles Robinson, giving his impressions of recent political and business events. Lawrence gave his support for the upcoming Missouri election, which he believed would break up the pro-slavery party. He praised Robinson's handling of Lawrence's trust funds and properties, stating "Old Brown ought to report to you. It is bad policy to have a ranger like him with money and arms at his disposal, and only accountable to people here."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Finance; Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, T. [Thomas] J. Marsh to George L. Stearns, Esq.
Authors: Marsh, Thomas J.
Date: August 20, 1857
In his August 20, 1857, report to Stearns, Marsh again asked for some clarification on a couple payment issues and described his role for the committee (Mass. State Kansas Committee) with regard to Jim Lane's efforts to organize protection for free state voters. For a short while, things looked good for the Free State cause, but Governor Walker's conduct to date had been disruptive and Judge Cato and friends began to issue arrest warrants.

Keywords: Cato, Sterling G.; Courts; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Free State Party; Free state cause; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Marsh, Thomas J.; Militia; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, T.J. Marsh to George L. Stearns
Authors: Marsh, Thomas J.
Date: August 27, 1857
In this letter from Lawrence, K.T., Marsh reported that despite opposition from Judge Martin Conway, the delegates at the Grasshopper Falls Convention on August 26 "voted to go into the [October] Election with all the power they have." So, the stage was set for the campaign that needed all the financial support Stearns's committee could give it through Marsh.

Keywords: Congressional delegate; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Free State Convention; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Marsh, Thomas J.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867


Receipt, John D. Hicks to A. A. Lawrence
Authors: Hicks, John D.
Date: September 29, 1857
This receipt and accompanying sales contract documents the purchase of $7113.30 worth of hardware and household items by A.A. Lawrence from John D. Hicks. George Collamore signed the sales contract as witness to the deal. Ingle Barker, of the Mammoth Hardware and Stove Store, was named as the Executor and Administrator of the "goods and chattels" in the name of A.A. Lawrence, and would be responsible for the sale of these goods to settlers in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Barker, Ingle; Collamore, George W.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hicks, John D.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Mammoth Hardware & Stove Store; Merchandise; Merchants; Receipts; Retail businesses


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 19, 1857
Amos Lawrence wrote to Charles Robinson from Boston, praising him as a leader, "a lover of liberty and a lover of his country." Lawrence also communicated his happiness as a result of the recent election of the Territorial Legislature on October 6, 1857. However, he described the economic conditions of the country as being in a state of "financial derangement," and he hoped that Robinson would not be adversely affected by the staggering interest rates.

Keywords: Economic conditions; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Foster, Daniel; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Letter, T. [Thomas] J. Marsh to George L. Stearns
Authors: Marsh, Thomas J.
Date: December 18, 1857
Upon his return to the East (Boston), Marsh wrote to Stearns on December 18, 1857, to provide a relatively brief outline of his experience and accomplishments since leaving for Kansas Territory on committee business the previous June. He said others could be the judge of the success of the "mission," but "a Free State Legislature was secured by the election" and Governor Charles Robinson had been "quite complimentary" of Marsh in a letter to Amos A. Lawrence.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Cato, Sterling G.; Census; Conway, Martin Franklin; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Free State Party; Free state legislature; Grasshopper Falls Convention; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Marsh, Thomas J.; Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Steamboats; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Territorial politics and government; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Travel; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869; Whitman, E. B.


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1857
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1857
Thomas Webb compiled this more comprehensive version of his earlier circulars by the same name. Containing much of the same information as the previous versions, such as details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas and subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, it features a large section that describes individual town settlements. This circular also addresses the proslavery and free state conflict, though in a nonpartisan manner, considering the interests of both groups.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Books; Brown, John Carter; Circulars; Crops; Diseases; Education; Food; Guns; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Libraries; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Religion; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Town settlement; Transportation; Travel literature; Weapons (see also Guns); Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. [Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 3, 1858
Amos Lawrence wrote to Charles Robinson from Boston, communicating his dismay at the allegedly fraudulent election procedures taken in order to get the Lecompton Constitution adopted. Lawrence advised that an end to the "agitators' " operations be achieved at once, before the pro-slavery Senators could be put under the protection of the Federal Government.

Keywords: Election fraud; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, January 1858; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: March 3, 1858
Amos Lawrence wrote from Boston to Charles Robinson in Kansas Territory, regarding questionable ratification of the Lecompton Constitution. Lawrence advised that the best course of action to take was to "rid the territory of all traitors to the popular right", though such action should take place only if it could "avoid open hostilities altogether."

Keywords: Election fraud; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, January 1858; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lecompton Constitution; National politics; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Gov. [Charles] Robinson
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: March 5, 1858
From Boston, Mass., on March 5, 1858, Lawrence wrote Robinson what amounted to a letter of introduction for a W. D. Goddard, "an ardent free state man" who wished "to live and die in Kansas."

Keywords: Free state cause; Free state settlers; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Gov. [Charles] Robinson
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 19, 1858
The benefactor of the city of Lawrence and much free-state activity generally, wrote Robinson from Boston, Mass., on several issues, including the establishment of a college and business/financial matters, but he made interesting reference to his (Lawrence's) own candidacy for governor on the American Party ticket. He did not expect to win, but instead proposed to simply be working to keep the "Americans" in line for a unified opposition to the Democrats in 1860.

Keywords: American Party; Boston, Massachusetts; Democratic Party (U.S.); Education; Election, Presidential, 1860; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Letter, C. Robinson to My Dear L [Amos A. Lawrence]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: May 9, 1859
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson described the complicated political situation which had arisen from the development of Quindaro. Personal disagreements between Abelard Guthrie, S.N. Simpson, Joel Walker, and himself were making progress difficult. Robinson hoped that, upon their resolution, they could move forward with securing a contract with the Parkville & Grand River Railroad, as well as plans for a college. Two church groups had expressed interest in opening up their own institutions, or working with Robinson to found one. Robinson included a plat map for a prospective site, to which he did not entirely give his support; he added comments regarding the admission of women to the college, and thanked Lawrence again for his support of their enterprises.

Keywords: Churches; Divorce; Emery, James Stanley; Guthrie, Abelard; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Parkville & Grand River Railroad; Railroad companies; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Universities and colleges; Walker, Joel; Women; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, C. Robinson to My Dear Sir [Amos A. Lawrence]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: November 12, 1859
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts, expressing his concern that Lawrence's name was not included on a college proposal submitted by S.N. Simpson, which indicated he was not among the supporters of the enterprise. Robinson mentioned the upcoming election for Territorial delegate to Congress, in which Marcus Parrott, a Republican, was a favorite. He also sought advice from Lawrence about a complicated financial matter.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Elections; Finance; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pikes Peak, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Universities and colleges


Letter, C. Robinson to Dear Sir [Amos A. Lawrence]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: November 15, 1860
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from a town of Medford, presumably in New England, to Amos A. Lawrence in Boston regarding relief efforts for Kansas. Robinson discussed the formation of a committee at Lawrence, which would "ascertain the objects of charity & minister to their necessities." He also described other relief efforts being carried out at the local level, which Robinson believed to be more effective than using nonresident disbursing agents or traveling solicitors.

Keywords: Cordley, Richard; Deitzler, George W.; Kansas Relief Committee; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Relief; Reynolds, Charles; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My dear S [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 7, 1860
From Washington, D.C., December 7, 1860, Charles Robinson wrote his wife regarding the likelihood of secession and the government's response should this happen. He expected Kansas to be admitted to the Union, perhaps as soon as some of the Southern states withdrew their members from the Senate, and also believe the chances were good that Congress would authorize payment of Kansas' claims against the government for damages--such payments would provide some help for those presently in need of relief assistance.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Railroad land grants; Relief; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Secession; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; United States. Congress


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Honl. Amos A. Lawrence
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: December 22, 1860
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Samuel N. Simpson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts regarding the poverty in which Gaius Jenkins' family found themselves. James Lane had killed Jenkins in 1858 over a land claim, and it appeared that he was now taking measures to "keep her [Mrs. Jenkins] poor as long as possible." Simpson reminded Lawrence of his request to pay Jenkins fifty dollars as compensation for his imprisonment by federal troops at Camp Sackett, near Lecompton, in 1856. Jenkins had declined the payment at the time, but Simpson now solicited it on behalf of his widow and family.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Brown, John, Jr.; Camp Sackett, Kansas Territory; Deitzler, George W.; Economic conditions; Jenkins, Gaius; Land claim disputes; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Relief; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Smith, George W.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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