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39 results for Land claims:
Letter, R. A. Tovey to My Dear Wife
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: January 23, 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr., wrote to his wife, Eliza (Matthew) Tovey, at their home in Albany, New York. Tovey reported that, since the freezing of the Missouri River, mail was slow, and he had lost his job making stove fixings because of the inability to obtain materials from steamboat transport. Tovey also described his friend Swifts' problems maintaining ownership of his land claim, and the prospect that he himself may participate in a new town's development.

Keywords: Commerce; Labor; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Missouri River; Religion; Squatters; Swift, J. Dedan; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Town development; Weather


Letter, Your Affectionate Husband [Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr.] to My Dear Wife [Eliza (Matthew) Tovey]
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: March 22, 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr., wrote to his wife, Eliza (Matthew) Tovey at their home in Albany, New York. Tovey mentioned his current task of finding a suitable land claim. He discussed the situations of his nearest neighbors as recent homesteaders and businessmen. Tovey also remarked on the "great deal of excitement" surrounding the prospect of forming a territorial legislature and anticipated "a smart fight" between proslavery and free state men.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Merchants; Swift, J. Dedan; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Town development; Weather


Letter, [C. K. Holliday] to My Dear Mary [Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: December 24, 1854
Cyrus K. Holliday, founder of Topeka, Kansas Territory, wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Mary Holliday, in Meadville, Pennsylvania. After three weeks at the future site of Topeka, Holliday was glad for city comforts. He mentioned the site's beauty, the prospect of building a house on his farm claim, and his personal success since leaving Meadville. On December 18, 1854, he had been unanimously elected President of the Topeka Town Association and appointed temporary agent of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. The bottom two-thirds of page 3 and 4 (which contained Holliday's signature) have been cut and removed.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Land claims; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Meadville, Pennsylvania; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Town Association; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town sites


Letter, Josiah Miller to Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date: January 4, 1855
Josiah Miller, having arrived in Kansas Territory in August 1854, wrote to his father and mother in South Carolina about their impending journey to Kansas Territory. He offered them various suggestions on what provisions to bring and what routes to take, as they would be making the trip by wagon and not by railroad and boat. Miller also discussed his parents' options regarding land purchase and rent once they arrive in the new territory.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Land claims; Land speculation; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Railroads; Squatters; Town lots; Travel; Wagon trains


Letter, [John Brown, Jr.] to Dear Father [John Brown]
Authors: Brown, Jr., John
Date: June 22, 1855
This rather lengthy letter from John Brown, Jr., at Brownsville, K.T., to his father, John Brown, regarding the Kansas family's current situation, physically and economically. John, Jr., provides a hand-drawn map of the family's settlement in Franklin County (he calls it "Brown Co.") just west of Osawatomie.

Keywords: Agriculture; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, John, Jr.; Crops; Farmers; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Free state settlers; Land claims; Missourians; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Ottawa Indians; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory


Letter, J. L. Brown [Jason Brown] to Dear Father, [John Brown] Mother, [Mary Brown] Brothers & Sisters
Authors: Brown, Jason
Date: June 23, 1855
From Osawatomie, Kansas Territory (or from the Browns' settlement which was located in southeastern Franklin Co.), son Jason wrote the family regarding there current circumstances. Overall, he was "well pleased with the country," which he described as "very rich and beautiful," despite the fact that he and his wife Ellen had just "laid little Austin in the grave." The Browns were still living in tents and needed stoves, but "All well."

Keywords: Agriculture; Akron, Ohio; Brown, Jason; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, John, Jr.; Brown, Salmon; Free state settlers; Land claims; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory


Kansas pioneer staking his squatter claim, 1855
Authors: Reader, Samuel James
Date: July 26, 1855
Samuel Reader painted this watercolor of himself staking a claim at Indianola. Reader moved to Kansas from Illinois in 1855, attracted by "rich, cheap farm land" (as stated in his autobiography). The inscription on the painting reads, "Samuel J. Reader. July 26, 1855." The artist drew many Kansas territorial and Civil War scenes.

Keywords: Art; Artist; Daily life; Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Indianola, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claims; Objects; Photographs and Illustrations; Reader, Samuel James; Settlement; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Squatters


Letter, C. K. Holliday to My Dear Wife [Mary Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: August 12, 1855
Cyrus K. Holliday wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to his wife, Mary Holliday, in Meadville, Pennsylvania of his journey to Kansas City to obtain a land warrant for Topeka and to attend the Free State Convention. Two of his articles had been published in The Herald of Freedom, a Lawrence newspaper, and he sent copies. Mentioning political difficulties, Holliday suggested that his wife wait until fall to travel to Kansas. He rented out his cabin in Topeka for profit. A deadly cholera epidemic at Fort Riley had ended.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigration and immigration; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Free State Convention; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Land claims; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Weather; Wyandot Float


Business card and promotial item titled Kansas
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: Circa 1855-1856
This business card for Orville C. Brown, "agent for the town of Osawatomie, Kansas Territory," accompaned a list of the advantages of settling in Kansas Territory and the city of Osawatomie. A hand written note on the list indicated it was issued by O. C. Brown. The printed circular described the soil, available building materials, wood, produce and opportunities for acquiring land. It also gave the price of various livestock. The business card noted that Brown also was involved in locating land warrants and purchasing and selling claims.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Land claims; Livestock; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Natural resources; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Town development


Letter, Wm E. G. [William Goodnow] to My Dear Wife [Harriet Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, William E.
Date: January 12, 1856
William Goodnow wrote from his settlement near Wild Cat Creek, Kansas Territory, to his wife Harriet in New England. Goodnow related his wintertime experiences in the Midwest, which included descriptions of travel and hunting expeditions. He anticipated the prosperity of Manhattan, reporting that "claims that were taken here last spring are now fetching hundreds of dollars advance, & some will soon bring a thousand." Goodnow added that propositions of new bridges, roads, and ferry service would further improve the town.

Keywords: Bridges; Goodnow, Harriet; Goodnow, William E.; Hunting; Land claims; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Prices; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town development; Weather


Letter, O. [Orville] C. Brown to My dear Sir [Mr. Ward]
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: March 26, 1856
This letter, written by Orville C. Brown from Osawatomie, was addressed to Mr. Ward. For the most part, it related information about the development of Osawatomie and various land claims, including a discussion about the boundaries of the town.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Land claims; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town sites


Letter, Martin [Stowell] to My Dear E and others
Authors: Stowell, Martin
Date: August 15, 1856
This letter was written by Martin Stowell from Lexington, Kansas Territory. He described his journey to Kansas and the movements of his emigrant train, of which he was elected military head. He also spoke of the local vegetation and his belief that he could make a fine home in this country. Stowell also gave his friend advice about the best route into Kansas and recommended that all mail be sent through Nebraska City, NE or Burlington, IA so correspondence would not pass through a slave state. Stowell also asked the recipient of the letter to forward this letter to T. W. Higginson.

Keywords: Brown County, Kansas Territory; Emigration and immigration; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Iowa; Land claims; Lexington Township, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Nebraska City, Nebraska Territory; Postal service; Stowell, Martin; Travel


Letter, C. K. Holliday to Dear Sirs [Alfred and Edgar Huidekoper]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: September 20, 1858
Cyrus K. Holliday, founder and prominent citizen of Topeka, Kansas Territory, wrote to Alfred Huidekoper and Edgar Huidekoper, old associates from Meadville, Pennsylvania, to tell them of investment opportunities. He described rural claims, Town Act investments, and loans. He gave examples of large returns, including those gained by former governor Andrew H. Reeder. The time was ripe since Kansas' free statehood seemed certain, the land was titled, securities were assured, and financial difficulties had left some land and property owners with no option but to sell sacrificially. Holliday also confirmed the discovery of gold in western Kansas Territory (now Colorado).

Keywords: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Land claims; Land titles; Loans; Meadville, Pennsylvania; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town lots


Letter, G. Garrison to My Dear Friend and Nephew [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Gamaliel
Date: Probably December 15, 1856
Mr. Garrison wrote from Yellow Springs, Ohio, after returning from Osawatomie. He mentioned the death of David Garrison and Frederick Brown, who had both been killed in the conflict in Kansas. Garrison wrote that he had expected all his sons to settle in Kansas and that David's wife Rachel still speaks well of the country. He hoped that it would be possible to hold on to David's claim for his heirs.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Frederick; Garrison, David R.; Garrison, Gamaliel; Garrison, Rachel A.; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, R. A. G. [Rachel Garrison] to Dear Friends (Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Rachel A.
Date: December 16, 1856
Rachel Garrison, David's widow, is writing from Yellow Springs, Ohio, with instructions to Samuel Adair on how to settle her family's affairs in Kansas. She wants to try to hold on to her claim but hopes to sell a wagon for $100 and to collect on a note for $40. Sometimes she feels like she wants to return to Kansas. Her husband David was killed in the Battle of Osawatomie.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Jason; Casualties; Garrison, Rachel A.; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Kansas Experience of Charles E. Dewey
Authors: Dewey, Charles E.
Date: December 24, 1856
In this testimony, Charles E. Dewey described how his family and others in their party traveled to Kansas from Ohio. The group sought advice from S. C. Pomeroy about where to settle, and at his urging, they located on South Pottawatomie Creek, possibly in Anderson County. He included in this testimony the names and stories of people that he encountered on his journey and during his early years in the territory. One particularly interesting account was the conflict between a group of Germans and Dewey's party over possession of land claims. Dewey also included details of the difficulties for settlers in Kansas Territory during the years 1855 and 1856. Furthermore, within this testimony he states the experiences of the Winkly brothers who were boarding with him.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Claims (see Damage claims or Land claims); Crops; Dewey, Charles E.; Emigration and immigration; Germans; Health; Illness; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Livestock; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory; Sickness (see Illness); Transportation; Weather


Kansas Experience of George Cutter
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: January 1, 1857
This reminiscence is presumably from the Journal of Investigations in Kansas, which was compiled by the National Kansas Committee under the leadership of Thaddeus Hyatt. George Cutter was with Frederick Brown shortly before the Battle of Osawatomie, and like Brown, he was wounded during an altercation with border ruffians. While he was not directly involved in this battle, this reminiscence is still a rather fascinating account.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Agriculture; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Battles; Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Brown, Frederick; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Casualties; Cutter, George; Darrach, Barstow; Everett, John R.; Fort Titus, Battle of; Franklin, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Free state perspective; Gillpatrick, Rufus; Horses; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Land claims; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Reid, John W.; Sears, W. A.; Shore, Samuel T.; Skirmishing; Topeka, Kansas; Violence; Violent deaths; Weapons (see also Guns); White, Martin; Wounds and injuries


Letter, R. A. G. [Rachel Garrison] to Dear cousin [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Rachel A.
Date: February 23, 1857
Rachel Garrison wrote to Samuel Adair that she had a little daughter two months old, which meant she was pregnant when her husband David was killed in the Battle of Osawatomie in August, 1856, and when she returned to Yellow Springs, Ohio. She also mentioned her other daughter, Jania, She was hoping Adair could hold on to the claim the Garrisons pre-empted until it could be entered at the land office. She also listed items she would like Adair to sell for her. The same letter also contained correspondence from James Garrison.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Garrison, James; Garrison, Rachel A.; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Preemption law United States; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, E. Nute to Mr. [Amos Adams] Lawrence
Authors: Nute, Ephraim
Date: March 4, 1857
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. In a letter marked "private", Ephraim Nute wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Nute responded to Lawrence's suggestion that the college sit on the "broad table land on Mt. Oread or Capitol hill"; he supported the idea but feared that issues surrounding the land title would compromise the plan. Nute agreed with Lawrence about the importance of establishing schools, but he also concerned that the current political situation was not conducive to it, as the Territorial government was in the hands of "usurpers". He felt that "only one life now stands between us and the reopening of the civil war."

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Border disputes and warfare; Land claims; Land titles; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Mount Oread; Nute, Ephraim; Proslavery supporters


Letter, R. [Rachel] A. Garrison to Dear Cousin [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Rachel A.
Date: April 17, 1857
Rachel Garrison, the widow of David, wrote Samuel Adair about the family's land claim in Kansas. She noted that a new pro slavery "skamp" (Walker) had been appointed as territorial governor. She inquired if Mr. Day took 500 rails from her claim and that if he did, he should replace them. In a post script, she asked Adair to subscribe to the Herald of Freedom and have it sent to her.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Garrison, Rachel A.; Herald of Freedom; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, [E. B. Whitman?] to [Franklin B.] Sanborn
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: May 10, 1857
E. B. Whitman (letter not signed, but author's identity is pretty clear), an agent in Lawrence for the National Kansas Committee, wrote Franklin Sanborn in Massachusetts regarding his disappointment with the lack of support being given by "our professed friends" in the East. To their discredit, according to Whitman, Massachusetts "supporters" had refused to provide assistance which was desperately needed for the Kansas settlers who had just endured a very "severe winter." He believed false information was being circulated for political purposes by individuals within the Free State movement: "Kansas, bleeding Kansas, is of value to them only so far as it subserves their selfish ends."

Keywords: Dred Scott decision; Free state cause; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Free state settlers; Free state supporters; Land claims; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; National Kansas Committee; Relief funds; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Settlement; Vermont; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, William A. Phillips to My Dear Friend [John Brown]
Authors: Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893
Date: June 24, 1857
To "Jas. Smith" (that is, John Brown), William A. Phillips wrote from Lawrence that he would likely not be able to meet Brown en route to KT at Tabor, Iowa, but would arrange for a few others to do so. Phillips believed Brown "should come into Kansas" if he wanted to but "there is no necessity for active military preparations now."

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Census; Free State Party; Free state militia; Holmes, James H.; Land claims; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893; Smith, James


Letter, Josiah Miller to Dear Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date: July 20 [1857]
Josiah Miller wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to his Father and Mother, recently settled in Illinois. He discussed with them family news, and attached a postscript regarding their land warrants in Kansas Territory. Miller also referred to the free state supporters' rejection of a charter put in place by the "bogus legislature" in Lecompton, and the subsequent meeting of the free state legislature in Topeka. A census had been taken by free state men in the largest pro-slavery localities. According to Miller, this census found that free state men outnumbered proslavery supporters by at least 1 to 7.

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Census; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state legislature; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lum, S. Y; Miller, Josiah; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, S. [Samuel] L. Adair to Mr. J. B. [John Brown]
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: October 2, 1857
Samuel Adair wrote his brother-in-law John Brown from Osawatomie on October 2, 1857, to explain why he could not come see Brown in Iowa. Much of letter describes the general poor state of health in his locale, but he also comments on the political and especially the prospects for free state success in the upcoming election--Adair was not optimistic.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Daily life; Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Free State Party; Free state prospects; Free state support; Health; Land claims; Lecompton Land Office; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Preemption law United States; Proslavery supporters; Sickness (see Illness); Slave power; Tabor, Iowa; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, Josiah Miller to Dear Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date: December 2, 1857
Josiah Miller wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to his Father and Mother, in Sparta, Illinois. Miller spoke of political unrest surrounding the existence of both the Lecompton Constitution and the Topeka Constitution. He demanded that judges in the territory have the power to arrest border ruffians, who "were responsible for everything to do with the Lecompton Constitution." Miller also expressed his concern over a letter he had received from a relative, concerning the manner in which he himself was handling the family's financial investments in the Territory.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Finance; Free State Party; Gold mines and mining; Land claims; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Summary Report of the number of residents
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857
This document summarizes the results from a number of other documents that recorded the number of free state and proslavery settlers in various areas of Kansas Territory. It records 118 free state men and 94 proslavery men. It also cites the number of free state families in need of assistance and the number of good claims still available. The author acknowledges that these numbers are close, but not completely accurate.

Keywords: Big Sugar Creek, Kansas Territory; Emigration and immigration; Free state settlers; Land claims; Little Osage River, Kansas Territory; Proslavery settlers


Letter, J. G. Anderson to "Dear Brother"
Authors: Anderson, J. G.
Date: February 17, 1858
From "Camp near Luella K.T." on February 17, 1858, J. G. Anderson wrote to his brother regarding the "considerable excitement" that had recently resulted after a free state man was robbed in Fort Scott. Two companies of "Kansas Militia" were called out to arrest the thieves, "our company under Capt. [O.P.] Bayne and the Sugar Creek company under Capt. [James] Montgomery. When they arrived at "the Fort" on the 11th "the bloody villains" had already fled to Missouri. The letter is a "typical" mix of news about the Kansas troubles, work on the claim, and pleasantries about the folks back home. [Before the end of the year, Anderson would sign on with John Brown and follow him to Harpers Ferry.]

Keywords: Anderson, Jeremiah G.; Border disputes and warfare - Free state perspective; Border ruffians; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Land claims; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Militia; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Sharps rifles; Weapons (see also Guns)


Notice, Land Office, Kickapoo, K.T.
Authors: Whitfield, John W. (Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879; Woodson, Daniel
Date: June 12, 1858
Issued by John W. Whitfield, land office register and former proslavery territorial delegate to Congress, on June 12, 1858, this one-page notice informed Sol Miller of a counter claim made against some preemption land in which Miller (referred to as "an adverse claimant") apparently held an interest. The notice was also signed by Daniel Woodson, receiver, who had served as the first secretary of the territory of Kansas and on several occasions in 1855 and 1856 as acting governor.

Keywords: Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Miller, Solomon (Sol); Preemption law United States; United States. General Land Office; Whitfield, John W. (John Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879; Woodson, Daniel


Letter, John Vansickle to Dear Sir
Authors: Vansickle, John H.
Date: February 4, 1859
John Vansickle wrote from Bourbon County responding to his recipient's previous letter. Vansickle seemed hopeful, as he saw there was a "prospect of peace" in his part of the country, and his business and crops were successful. He also commented on James Montgomery and John Brown, criticizing that they "free more horses than negros," calling them scoundrels and warning his recipient to "never vindicate thare [their] cause." Vansickle added that he would assist the recipient in coming to Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Crops; Land claims; Merchants; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Vansickle, John H.; Xenia, Kansas Territory


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [Milton Fithion]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 14, 1859
Recently back in Leavenworth after spending the winter in Washington conducting railroad business, Thomas Ewing, Jr., wrote to Milton Fithion [?] of Urbana, Ohio, regarding payment for what was apparently a bogus "Wyandot float." Such a claim, if valid, "would be worth from $1,500 to $2,000," but Marcus Parrott, who had agreed to buy the float had discovered that the named "Wyandot" was not included in the "treaties as entitled to land."

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fithion, Milton; Indian treaties; Land claims; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Urbana, Ohio; Wyandot Float


Letter, Frank Walker to his family, presumably.
Authors: Walker, Frank
Date: March 24, 1859
Walker wrote from Mound City, Linn County, Kansas Territory. He indicated that he was working for $25 per month. He intended to preempt a claim the next fall but was going to plant corn on 18 acres. Part of the letter referred to some type of imprisonment but the details were not clear.

Keywords: Agriculture; Border disputes and warfare; Land claims; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Prisoners; Walker, Frank


Letter, Frank Walker to Dear Sister [Augusta Walker]
Authors: Walker, Frank
Date: April 10, 1859
This letter from Frank Walker was written in Mound City, Linn County, Kansas Territory. He continued to describe his plans to acquire land and his hopes that it would increase in value. He recounted an incident in which someone named Byron was shot by "Missourians." He provided some detail of the encounter between Byron and 6 other free staters against 46 men.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Free state perspective; Land claims; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Walker, Frank


Letter, Frank Walker to Milo Walker
Authors: Walker, Frank
Date: June 26, 1859
In this letter to his brother Milo, Frank Walker wrote that he had preempted land in Linn County, Kansas Territory, in Section 25 of Township 21S, Range 22E. He had 80 acres that he thought was worth $1000 and he indicated that he intended "to engage in a little speculation that I will make 1000 more. He suggested that if Milo or his sisters could get $150 he could get them 80 acres also. Walker was writing from Mound City, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Land claims; Land speculation; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Walker, Frank


Letter, James R. Mead to My dear Father
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: August 13, 1859
In this letter, James Mead wrote from Tecumseh, Kansas Territory, to his father about his efforts to secure a claim. He included information about the people of the territory, and the beautiful vegetation and flourishing towns. Mead also spoke of the immense amount of traffic along the Santa Fe Trail, and of the roads to Lecompton and Topeka which he declared were "the best roads I ever saw anywhere." He also described the buildings of Burlingame, Kansas Territory and the make up of the community. At the end of the letter, he mentioned the new constitution, which "is all Free State."

Keywords: Burlingame, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claims; Mead, James R.; Osage County, Kansas Territory; Prices; Roads; Santa Fe road; Transportation; Travel; Wagon trains


Book, Gunn's Map and Handbook of Kansas and the Gold Mines
Authors: Gunn, O.B. (Otis Berthoude, 1828-1901)
Date: 1859
This book by O.B. Gunn, a civil engineer in Wyandotte, provides basic information about Kansas Territory and the living conditions there. The first half outlines statistics about the population, climate, crops, telegraph access, etc. for the use of potential settlers. The second half describes routes to gold mines in Western Kansas Territory and advises the best travel seasons and provisions necessary to make the journey. Includes more than 20 pages of business and trade advertisements, including Gunn's own advertisement on p. 57.

Keywords: Crops; Daily life; Gold mines and mining; Gunn, O.B. (Otis Berthoude, 1828-1901); Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Mining; Native Americans; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Settlement; Telegraph; Weather; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Contract, Investment partnership of B.F. Dalton and Edward E. Ropes
Authors: Dalton, Benjamin F. ; Ropes, Edward E.
Date: April 5, 1860
Benjamin F. Dalton and Edward E. Ropes each agreed to divide interest in their assets (land, provisions, and equipment) in half in order to go into the gold mining business in western Nebraska and Kansas Territories. This contract outlines the details of the agreement, which was signed and witnesses by George Collamore and Charles Ingersoll.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Collamore, George W.; Dalton, Benjamin F.; Gold mines and mining; Ingersoll, Charles; Kansas Territory; Land claims; Legal documents; Merchandise; Nebraska Territory; Ropes, Edward E.


Letter, Geery & Butterfield to S. N. Wood
Authors: Geery & Butterfield
Date: April 14, 1860
This letter from Junction City addressed the issue of preemption and the method of protesting a claim. It is not entirely clear, but Margaret Wood, Sam Wood's wife, was a party in this legal matter.

Keywords: Junction City, Kansas Territory; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Preemption law United States; United States. General Land Office; Wood, Margaret


Kansas. Lands in the Late New York Indian Reserve, Synopsis of the President's Proclamation No. 667
Authors: Wilson, Joseph S.
Date: Sept. 10, 1860
This printed circular described the process for acquiring land in the former New York Indian Reserve in Kansas. It includes provisions for those who have pre-empted land and for land claimed by native Americans. The sale was handled by the General Land Office at Fort Scott, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Allen County, Kansas Territory; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Butler County, Kansas Territory; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claims; New York Indian Reserve; United States. General Land Office; Wilson, Joseph S.; Woodson County, Kansas Territory


Letter, James W. Randall to Mr. Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Randall, James W.
Date: September 12, 1860
In this letter, James Randall of Emporia, Kansas informed Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, of the drought's effect on the neighboring population. Many families were destitute after the failure of the corn crop and were considering leaving their homes altogether. Mr. Randall hoped that Mr. Hyatt could send aid for the starving settlers.

Keywords: Americus Township, Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Business; Chase County, Kansas Territory; Clothing and dress; Crops; Droughts; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Land claims; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Randall, James W.; Relief


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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