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27 results for Land claim disputes:|
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: January 23, 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr., wrote to his wife, Eliza (Matthew) Tovey, at their home in Albany, New York. Tovey reported that, since the freezing of the Missouri River, mail was slow, and he had lost his job making stove fixings because of the inability to obtain materials from steamboat transport. Tovey also described his friend Swifts' problems maintaining ownership of his land claim, and the prospect that he himself may participate in a new town's development.
Keywords: Commerce; Labor; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Missouri River; Religion; Squatters; Swift, J. Dedan; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Town development; Weather
Letter, [Josiah Miller] to Dear Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date: Nov 11 1855
Josiah Miller, having recently bought out his business partner, Robert G. Elliott, from their jointly owned newspaper, the Kansas Free State, wrote to his parents in South Carolina about his recent business ventures. He stated that "papers don't pay" and expressed his interest in land claims and real estate, which would earn him more money. Miller also told his parents that he was continuing to search for a farm in Wyandotte County for them to settle on when they arrive in Kansas Territory. He hoped that Congress would approve the constitution that the Free State men had recently submitted.
Keywords: Banks and banking; Constitutions; Free state legislature; Kansas Free State (newspaper); Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Miller, Josiah; Sawmills; Squatters; Topeka Constitution; Town development
Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: February 9, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott. Marcus described the events of his ride home from a business meeting in Lawrence, where he encountered a funeral procession for his friend T. C. Shoemaker, who had been beaten to death for "abusing" Mayor William E. Murphy. Marcus equated this murder to the assault on William Phillips in May 1855, and anticipated that there would only be a "so-called" trial for the men responsible. He also told his brother to be prepared to come to Kansas Territory in April.
Keywords: Border ruffians; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Murphey, William E; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Violence; Weapons (see also Guns)
Letter, C. Robinson to Dear Sir [John Calhoun, Esq.]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 3, 1856
Charles Robinson wrote to John Calhoun, the Surveyor General in Lecompton, about the paperwork that he himself had filed the last year regarding a "float" ownership in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Robinson had found that the ownership notice was not on file with the government, and was sending Calhoun proof of ownership in an attempt to correct the problem. John Calhoun was an avid pro-slavery supporter, having once said that he was "too lazy to work" and "wanted the negroes to do it for him".
Keywords: Calhoun, John; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Land claim disputes; Land surveys; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Tennery, William M.; Wyandot Float
Kansas Experience of Charles E. Dewey
Authors: Dewey, Charles E.
Date: December 24, 1856
In this testimony, Charles E. Dewey described how his family and others in their party traveled to Kansas from Ohio. The group sought advice from S. C. Pomeroy about where to settle, and at his urging, they located on South Pottawatomie Creek, possibly in Anderson County. He included in this testimony the names and stories of people that he encountered on his journey and during his early years in the territory. One particularly interesting account was the conflict between a group of Germans and Dewey's party over possession of land claims. Dewey also included details of the difficulties for settlers in Kansas Territory during the years 1855 and 1856. Furthermore, within this testimony he states the experiences of the Winkly brothers who were boarding with him.
Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Claims (see Damage claims or Land claims); Crops; Dewey, Charles E.; Emigration and immigration; Germans; Health; Illness; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Livestock; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory; Sickness (see Illness); Transportation; Weather
Letter, [Ely Moore and William Brindle] Lecompton Land Office to Charles Robinson, Esq.
Authors: Brindle, William ; Moore, Ely
Date: May 9, 1857
Ely Moore, Register, and William Brindle, Receiver of the Lecompton Land Office wrote to Charles Robinson regarding his ownership of a claim. Robert Robetaille, a Wyandotte Indian, had come forward to place his name on the same piece of land. Robinson was required to produce counter proof of ownership of the claim at the Lecompton Land Office. A. A. Lawrence, in a letter to Robinson dated April 29, 1857, referred to Robinson's attempt to obtain ownership papers of this "float" claim.
Keywords: Brindle, William; Land claim disputes; Lecompton Land Office; Moore, Ely; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robitaille, Robert; Wyandot Indians
The Lykins or Robitaille Float
Authors: Moore, Ely
Date: May 14, 1857
This printed form was sent to the agent of the New England Emigrant Aid Company to inform him of a land claim by Robert Robitaille, a Wyandot Indian, to a portion of the city of Lawrence. It was sent by the General Land Office in Lecompton, Kansas Territory, and was signed by Ely Moore, register and William Brindle, receiver. William Lykins and Achilles Ward are mentioned in the description of the property being disputed.
Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brindle, William; Immigration and early settlement; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Lykins, William H. R.; Moore, Ely; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robitaille, Robert; United States. General Land Office; Wade, Achilles B.; Wyandot Indians
Statement draft, Charles Robinson to the Register and Receiver for the Territory of Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: ca. 1857
In this unsigned draft, Charles Robinson presented the facts surrounding the circumstances of his ownership of a Quarter section of land, which had been contested by William H.R. Lykins, who had placed part of the Wyandotte reservation on the same section of land. Robinson stated that, at the time he came under ownership of the land, he filed the proper papers with the Surveyor General, and that at no time had he quit claim on this particular piece of land.
Keywords: Indian reserves; Land claim disputes; Lykins, William H. R.; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Surveyor General; Wyandot Float
Law Brief, Gaius Jenkins vs. the Robetaille Float, James H. Lane
Date: c. 1858
This law brief was prepared on the behalf of Gaius Jenkins by his attorneys, defending his ownership of land that was also claimed by James Lane. This composition stated that Jenkins settled on his claim during October 1854, while Lane settled next to him in 1855, and that Lane sold Jenkins half of his land shortly thereafter for $800. These points, added to various witness testimonies, show that Jenkins was the rightful owner of the land in dispute. Lane killed Jenkins in June 1858 in an argument over this same matter.
Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Jenkins, Gaius; Land claim disputes; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Legal documents; Robitaille, Robert; United States. General Land Office
Letter, Chas. Chadwick to H. Hill Esq.
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: April 26, 1858
Charles Chadwick wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, regarding the land dispute between Hill and Robert Robetaille, a Wyandot Indian. Chadwick had been advised by Robert Lawrence (perhaps a local attorney) to correspond with a Nathaniel Pope Causin, Prosecutor of Indian Claims, in Washington. Chadwick, for Lawrence's support and assistance, had advised that Hill would pay him. Chadwick was to pass along Causin's card once he received it from Mr. Lawrence.
Keywords: Causin, Nathanial Pope; Chadwick, Charles; Hill, Hiram; Indian lands; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Lawyers; Real estate investment; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory
Letter, Nath.. Pope Causin to Hiram Hill
Authors: Causin, Nathanial Pope
Date: May 20, 1858
Nathaniel Pope Causin wrote from Washington to Hiram Hill in Williamsburgh, Massachusetts. Causin had received word from Robert Lawrence and Charles Chadwick of the land claim dispute between Hill and Robetaille, a Wyandot Indian. He confirmed that he would represent Hill in his lawsuit to maintain ownership of his claim. Causin awaited Robert Lawrence's arrival in Washington in order to proceed aggressively, but would continue making necessary contacts.
Keywords: Causin, Nathanial Pope; Chadwick, Charles; Hill, Hiram; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian lands; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Lawyers; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs
Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill Esq
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: June 1, 1858
Charles Chawick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, to tell him that it appeared favorable that Hill would win possession of the land disputed by Robert Robetaille, a Wyandot Indian. However, Chadwick feared that the decision may not be made as easily as he had earlier anticipated, since Robert Lawrence had been seen in Leavenworth and had not traveled to Washington to work with Nathaniel Causin. Nonetheless, Abelard Guthrie had given up trying to obtain the land as well, leaving Hiram as the only other claimant.
Keywords: Causin, Nathanial Pope; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Lawyers; Long, Irving; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robitaille, Robert; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory
Letter, P. R. Brooks, Lawrence, K. T. to his father
Authors: Brooks, P. R.
Date: June 6, 1858
This letter described the land claim dispute between James Lane and Gaius Jenkins, which ended with Lane killing Jenkins. Brooks wrote that Jenkins was well respected, mentioned his widow and children and indicated that his funeral was well attended. He also made passing reference to the "Linn county tragedy."
Keywords: Brooks, Paul R.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Jenkins, Gaius; Land claim disputes; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Marais des Cygnes Massacre; Violence; Violent deaths
Notice, Land Office, Kickapoo, K.T.
Authors: Whitfield, John W. (Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879; Woodson, Daniel
Date: June 12, 1858
Issued by John W. Whitfield, land office register and former proslavery territorial delegate to Congress, on June 12, 1858, this one-page notice informed Sol Miller of a counter claim made against some preemption land in which Miller (referred to as "an adverse claimant") apparently held an interest. The notice was also signed by Daniel Woodson, receiver, who had served as the first secretary of the territory of Kansas and on several occasions in 1855 and 1856 as acting governor.
Keywords: Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Miller, Solomon (Sol); Preemption law United States; United States. General Land Office; Whitfield, John W. (John Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879; Woodson, Daniel
Letter, Marc Parrott to O. E. Learnard
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: June 12, 1858
Marcus Parrott, Representative of Kansas Territory to the U. S. Congress, wrote to Oscar Learnard from Washington, D. C. reacting to the news of Gaius Jenkins' death at the hand of fellow free state man, James Lane. He referred to several friends and colleagues with whom he was eager to reunite upon his return to Lawrence soon after the 25th of the month.
Keywords: Babcock, Carmi William; Free state activities; Jenkins, Gaius; Land claim disputes; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894
Letter, John F. King to Tho. Ewing Jr
Authors: King, John F.
Date: July 1, 1858
Ewing's correspondent, John F. King of Lawrence, had just given testimony in the Lane-Jenkins hearing that supported Lane's testimony that he shot Gaius Jenkins in self-defense on June 3, 1858, and wrote to provide Ewing (one of Lane's attorneys) with some information regarding "the exact position of the court." In the preliminary hearing, conducted by three justices of the peace (Erastus D. Ladd and two others) beginning on June 15, the decision was that no murder had been committed.
Keywords: Courts; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Jenkins, Gaius; Justices of the peace; King, John F.; Ladd, Erastus D.; Land claim disputes; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory
Letter draft, unsigned [Hiram Hill] to Mr. Guthrie
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: October 23, 1858
Hiram Hill drafted a letter to Abelard Guthrie in Quindaro, Kansas Territory, in which he responded to Guthrie's request for repayment of his loan. Hill told Guthrie that he had his own financial difficulties stemming from his disputed claim, his inability to sell and rent his properties, and Guthrie's failure to fulfill his part of a contract to the Town Company by not grading certain roads. Hill was also frustrated with a lack of success regarding his land dispute claim against Robert Robetaille, and seemed to indicate his plan to withdraw his claim.
Keywords: Economic conditions; Finance; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Land claim disputes; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory
Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: November 17 & 24, 1858
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, defending Quindaro from rumors that deemed the town defunct. Chadwick blamed the bad management of the Town Company for the current troubles, and described various opportunities Quindaro still had for further development. Though property was not selling at all, according to Chadwick, prospects for future railroad and ferry traffic still were positive. He expressed his disappointment at Robert Lawrence, and accused him of giving Chadwick a false impression of the likelihood of Hill winning the land claim dispute with Robert Robetaille. A businessman had landed with a great deal of machinery looking to build a "manufactory", and Quindaro's investors were doing all they could to woo him.
Keywords: Business enterprises; Causin, Nathanial Pope; Chadwick, Charles; Ferries; Gold mines and mining; Hill, Hiram; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Pikes Peak gold rush; Quindaro Chindowan; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory
Law Brief, Lane vs. Jenkins
Authors: Almond, W.B.
Date: December 20, 1858
W. B. Almond, attorney for James Lane, composed this law brief at the General Land Office in Lecompton, Kansas Territory. Almond enumerated various points which supported the fact that Lane was the rightful owner of the land over which he and Gaius Jenkins were in dispute, and which ultimately led to Jenkins' death on June 3, 1858. In sum, Almond stated that Lane had purchased the disputed land directly from a man, Chapman, who had sold half to Lane and the other half to the Float.
Keywords: Almond, W.B; Jenkins, Gaius; Land claim disputes; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lykins, William H. R.
Shooting of Gaius Jenkins
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: July 24, 1858
Newspaper clipping from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, July 24, 1858, describing the shooting of Gauis Jenkins by Jim Lane. The two men were claiming rights to the same portion of land. Lane shot Jenkins when he tried to get water from the well on this contested property.
Keywords: Jenkins, Gaius; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land speculation; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Violence
Letter, C. Robinson to My Dear L [Amos A. Lawrence]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: May 9, 1859
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson described the complicated political situation which had arisen from the development of Quindaro. Personal disagreements between Abelard Guthrie, S.N. Simpson, Joel Walker, and himself were making progress difficult. Robinson hoped that, upon their resolution, they could move forward with securing a contract with the Parkville & Grand River Railroad, as well as plans for a college. Two church groups had expressed interest in opening up their own institutions, or working with Robinson to found one. Robinson included a plat map for a prospective site, to which he did not entirely give his support; he added comments regarding the admission of women to the college, and thanked Lawrence again for his support of their enterprises.
Keywords: Churches; Divorce; Emery, James Stanley; Guthrie, Abelard; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Parkville & Grand River Railroad; Railroad companies; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town development; Universities and colleges; Walker, Joel; Women; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)
Legal document, Survey of Lane and Chapman plots
Authors: Searl, Albert D.
Date: January 1860
This document contains a certified survey by A. D. Searl, Deputy Surveyor of Douglas County, of the land plots disputed by James Lane and Gaius Jenkins. In this assessment, taken after the death of Jenkins at the hand of Lane in June 1858, Jenkins' property is shown as belonging to a man Chapman. A. N. Blackledge, clerk for the U.S. District Court, 2nd Judicial district, Douglas County, signed the document as a witness.
Keywords: Blackledge, A.N.; Jenkins, Gaius; Land claim disputes; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Legal documents; Maps; Searl, Albert D.
Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr.]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 9, 1860
Thomas Ewing, Jr., wrote from Leavenworth to his father in Ohio seeking his assistance with a legal matter involving claims to the land "reserved to certain half breeds of the Kansas tribe." Most of this land was occupied by squatters and questions of legal title and transfer were being litigated in the territorial and federal courts.
Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Courts; Elmore, Rush; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kansa Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Kansa Indians; Kansas Territory. Supreme Court; Land claim disputes; Land speculation; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Native Americans; Ohio; Pettit, John; Squatters; Territorial Supreme Court (see Kansas Territory. Supreme Court)
Letter, Geery & Butterfield to S. N. Wood
Authors: Geery & Butterfield
Date: April 14, 1860
This letter from Junction City addressed the issue of preemption and the method of protesting a claim. It is not entirely clear, but Margaret Wood, Sam Wood's wife, was a party in this legal matter.
Keywords: Junction City, Kansas Territory; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Preemption law United States; United States. General Land Office; Wood, Margaret
Letter, S. N. Simpson to Honl. Amos A. Lawrence
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: December 22, 1860
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Samuel N. Simpson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts regarding the poverty in which Gaius Jenkins' family found themselves. James Lane had killed Jenkins in 1858 over a land claim, and it appeared that he was now taking measures to "keep her [Mrs. Jenkins] poor as long as possible." Simpson reminded Lawrence of his request to pay Jenkins fifty dollars as compensation for his imprisonment by federal troops at Camp Sackett, near Lecompton, in 1856. Jenkins had declined the payment at the time, but Simpson now solicited it on behalf of his widow and family.
Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Brown, John, Jr.; Camp Sackett, Kansas Territory; Deitzler, George W.; Economic conditions; Jenkins, Gaius; Land claim disputes; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Relief; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Smith, George W.
Pamphlet, James H. Lane vs. Heirs of Gauis Jenkins
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: ca. 1860
This document, prepared by Mssrs. Mitchell and Weer, attorneys for James Lane who represented him in his infamous land ownership conflict with Gauis Jenkins, recounts a detailed chronology surrounding the circumstances of each man's ownership of the float. Lane, who ultimately shot and killed fellow freestateman Jenkins as a result of the dispute, maintained that he was the legitimate owner of the float, despite his extended absences from it. Within the details of the conflict, as described in this pamphlet, are included chronologies of Lane's service as a free state representative in Washington and as a General of the free state militia.
Keywords: Free state activities; Free state government; Jenkins, Gaius; Land claim disputes; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawsuits; United States. General Land Office; Violent deaths; Wyandot Float
Reminiscence, Branson rescue
Authors: No authors specified.
James Abbott, a free state activist who participated in several Territorial conflicts, including the rescues of John Doy and Jacob Branson, chronicled his account of the rescue of Jacob Branson by handwritten manuscript or personal interview, here presented as a typed transcript. Sheriff Jones, supported by the proslavery "bogus" legislature, had arrested Jacob Branson, a free state man who witnessed the murder of Dow. Abbott and his cohorts endeavored to rescue him, and were successful, though their actions were controversial even among fellow free state supporters.Certain aspects of Abbott's account of these events, however, are in contention with an earlier account by Samuel Wood; Abbott actively addressed these discrepancies in this document.
Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Big Springs Convention; Branson rescue (1855); Branson, Jacob; Coleman, Franklin M.; Dixon, Howard; Dow, Charles W.; Free state militia; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lock, Fred; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Saunders, Henry F.; Smith, Samuel C.; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)