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45 results for Land acquisition:|
Authors: Pratt, Caleb S.
Date: October 13, 1853
This handwritten deed entitled Charles Robinson to the ownership of a house and farm claim south of the town of Lawrence, which was previously owned by Caleb Pratt.
Keywords: Emery, James Stanley; Emigration and immigration; Land acquisition; Legal documents; Lykins, William H. R.; Pratt, Caleb S.; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement
Letter, R. A. Tovey to My Dear Wife
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: January 23, 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr., wrote to his wife, Eliza (Matthew) Tovey, at their home in Albany, New York. Tovey reported that, since the freezing of the Missouri River, mail was slow, and he had lost his job making stove fixings because of the inability to obtain materials from steamboat transport. Tovey also described his friend Swifts' problems maintaining ownership of his land claim, and the prospect that he himself may participate in a new town's development.
Keywords: Commerce; Labor; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Missouri River; Religion; Squatters; Swift, J. Dedan; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Town development; Weather
Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Mr. [Amos Adams] Lawrence
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: September 22, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Samuel Pomeroy wrote from a settlement, which would come to be called Lawrence, in Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Lawrence was an investor who sponsored the emigrant group who would settle the town of Lawrence. Pomeroy reported that Charles Robinson had been elected President of the Lawrence Association, the first governing body of the town. He was enthusiastic about the abundance of timber resources in the area, which, once secured from the Indians, would make for a good business enterprise. Emigrants were arriving in droves, filling the hotels and increasing demand for land claims. Though he remained positive, Pomeroy warned "Don't make yourselves believe that the slave holders have given up Kansas!" and anticipated a political battle during the upcoming Territorial Legislature election.
Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Branscomb, Charles H.; Business enterprises; Elections; Emigration and immigration; Hotels; Illness; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery supporters; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development
Certificate, Leavenworth Association, Five Town Shares
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date: October 9, 1854
This certificate for "five shares of the Town property of Leavenworth Association" was made out to Andrew H. Reeder, the first territorial governor. It was signed by H. Miles Moore, secretary, and George W. Gist, president. The latter, and two other men, had laid claim, according to Andreas's History of Kansas, to the land that would become Leavenworth city on June 12, 1854, the first land claimed in the territory by U. S. citizens after passages of the Kansas Nebraska Act.
Keywords: Gist, George W.; Land acquisition; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town shares
Letter, Janett Barringer to Mr. [Henry Miles] Moore
Authors: Barringer, Jarrett
Date: October 16, 1854
Janett Barringer, writing from Mineral Pointe, Wisconsin, sought to purchase a Leavenworth town lot from Henry Miles Moore, secretary of the Leavenworth Town Association. Barringer proposed to pay fifty dollars for the lot.
Keywords: Barringer, Jarrett; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Wisconsin
Certificate for distribution of Leavenworth town lots
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date: October 17, 1854
The certificate, issued to Henry Miles Moore, secretary of the Leavenworth Town Association, detailed the town lots distributed to Moore as a town association shareholder. Moore held four shares in the Leavenworth Association and was entitled to thirty-two town lots.
Keywords: Certificates; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Town lots
Quit-Claim Deed and Bond for Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence
Authors: Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence: Samuel S. Snyder, Joel Grover, et.al.
Date: June 2 1855
Quit-Claim Deed of the Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence, Kansas Territory, turning ownership of lot #12 of Massachusetts Street over to Josiah Miller and Robert G. Elliott, of Miller and Elliott, publishers of the Kansas Free State newspaper.
Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elliott, Robert G.; Grover, Joel; Hutchinson, George W.; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Legal documents; Lykins, William H. R.; Miller, Josiah; Snyder, Samuel S.; Town development
Kansas pioneer staking his squatter claim, 1855
Authors: Reader, Samuel James
Date: July 26, 1855
Samuel Reader painted this watercolor of himself staking a claim at Indianola. Reader moved to Kansas from Illinois in 1855, attracted by "rich, cheap farm land" (as stated in his autobiography). The inscription on the painting reads, "Samuel J. Reader. July 26, 1855." The artist drew many Kansas territorial and Civil War scenes.
Keywords: Art; Artist; Daily life; Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Indianola, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claims; Objects; Photographs and Illustrations; Reader, Samuel James; Settlement; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Squatters
Letter, [Josiah Miller] to Dear Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date: Nov 11 1855
Josiah Miller, having recently bought out his business partner, Robert G. Elliott, from their jointly owned newspaper, the Kansas Free State, wrote to his parents in South Carolina about his recent business ventures. He stated that "papers don't pay" and expressed his interest in land claims and real estate, which would earn him more money. Miller also told his parents that he was continuing to search for a farm in Wyandotte County for them to settle on when they arrive in Kansas Territory. He hoped that Congress would approve the constitution that the Free State men had recently submitted.
Keywords: Banks and banking; Constitutions; Free state legislature; Kansas Free State (newspaper); Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Miller, Josiah; Sawmills; Squatters; Topeka Constitution; Town development
History of Kanzas, also, Information Regarding Routes, Laws, etc.
Authors: Walter, George
This history was written by George Walter, agent for the New York Kanzas League. The purpose of the League was to assist individuals and families to emigrate to Kansas and help provides reduced prices and other assistance. The office of the New York Kanzas League was located on the 3rd floor of No. 110 Broadway, New York City. Walter provided the information he thought emigrants to Kansas would need including descriptions of the situation in the territory, its climate, soil, rivers, and native products. He also gave information about industry in Kansas Territory, particularly the milling industry. He provided information on routes and supplies needed as well as a copy of the reemption law. The text of the Bill to organize the territories of Kansas and Nebraska was included on pages 24 through 48 of the pamphlet.
Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Free state cause; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Nebraska Act; Land acquisition; Landscape; New York; Preemption law United States; Settlement
Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1855
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Thomas Webb compiled the information in this circular not to "entice people to go to the Kanzas", but rather to "collect the best and most reliable information relative to the Territory, and furnish the same to those desiring it." The circular provides details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas: when and how it should be done, and what provisions to take, for example. It also includes information about subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, to name a few.
Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Circulars; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Timber; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866
Lawrence Land Agency
Authors: Pratt, Caleb S.
Advertisement about the Lawrence Land Agency, which provided information about the services the agency offered to settlers.
Keywords: Bonds; Land acquisition; Land sales; Land surveys; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Loans; Pratt, Caleb S.; Real estate
Public letter with Interrogatories
Authors: Whitman and Searl
Date: May 8, 1856
Edmund A. Whitman and Albert D. Searl established an Emigrants' Intelligence Office in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. They stressed the importance of finding out information about the country before making a decision about acquiring land in a particular area. This printed letter outlines several issues to be considered and also presents a series of twenty-two questions that they recommend be answered when considering where to settle. While a few of the questions relate to the slave versus free state controversy, most are general concerns to be considered in selecting a place to live. Whitman and Searl produced at least one early Kansas map.
Keywords: Business; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrants' Intelligence Office; Emigration and immigration; Immigrants; Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Immigration and early settlement; Land acquisition; Land sales; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Searl, Albert D.; Settlement; Whitman and Searl; Whitman, E. B.
Advertisement, Emigrant's Intelligence Office
Authors: Whitman and Searl
Date: June 15, 1856
This advertisement by Whitman and Searl, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, stated that they were proposing to open an Emigrant's Intelligence Office to "meet the urgent demands by emigrants, for accurate and reliable information in regard to the different sections of the Territory." Apparently, they had worked to create a map of Kansas, which made them qualified for this task. They also offered their services as general land agents and wrote that they "are also prepared to lay out town sites and to survey farm claims," to "negotiate the sale and transfer of town property," and to "investigate the validity of titles."
Keywords: Advertisements; Emigrants' Intelligence Office; Emigration and immigration; Land; Land acquisition; Land sales; Land surveys; Land titles; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Searl, Albert D.; Settlement; Town sites; Whitman and Searl; Whitman, E. B.
Receipt, purchase of town lot in Iowa Point, Kansas Territory
Authors: Forman, Harvey W.
Date: July 29, 1856
This handwritten receipt documents William Patton's purchase of one town lot in Iowa Point, Kansas Territory, from Harvey Forman, founder of the town. 1858 was the culminating point of the town's history. At that time it was the second largest city in Kansas and was a business rival to Leavenworth. Also in 1858, a ferry company was organized, with Forman as president, and a steam ferry-boat put in operation on the Missouri. The town built up rapidly, a brick-yard was started by Joseph Selecman, and this material was substituted for wood in almost all buildings erected from that time on (adapted from William G. Cutler's "History of the State of Kansas").
Keywords: Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Forman, Harvey W.; Iowa Point, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land sales; Patton, William; Town lots
Legal document, sale of land to William Patton
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: September 6, 1856
This Indenture documented the sale of several lots in Iowa Point, Kansas Territory, to William Patton. The land was purchased from the founders of Iowa Point, Kansas Territory, John and Harvey Forman, and John Pemberton, who had bought the land through the U.S. Government after it was opened to white settlers. Iowa Point was settle on former Iowa Indian lands.
Keywords: Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Forman, Harvey W.; Forman, John W.; Iowa Point, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land sales; Patton, William; Pemberton, John
Letter, S. N. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Authors: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: September 30, 1856
Samuel Simpson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill, expressing his support for the election of John Fremont to the Presidency. Simpson also discussed the prospective purchase of Wyandot Indian lands, and told Hill he would invest in them if Hill wished. He added that he had received direction from Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Society, to draw money from him; Simpson assumed this was the money sent by Hill.
Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Money; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Wyandot Indians
Quit-Claim Deed, Charles A. Wright to George W. Collamore
Authors: Wright, Charles A.
Date: December 25, 1856
Quit Claim Deed for Charles Wright, signing ownership of land on New Hampshire and Rhode Island streets in Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to George W. Collamore. Collamore would become mayor of Lawrence in 1863.
Keywords: Collamore, George W.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land sales; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Legal documents; Wright, Charles A.
The Kanzas Region: Forest, Prairie, Desert, Mountain, Vale, and River.
Authors: Greene, Max.
The title page for this volume continued with "Descriptions of scenery, climate, wild productions, capabilities of soil, and commercial resources; interspersed with incidents of travel, and anecdotes illustrative of the character of the traders and red men; to which are added directions as to routes, outfit for the pioneer, and sketches of desirable localities for present settlement." A small map is opposite the title page. The "Addenda" included several "Laws Governing Kanzas," a section on the objects and plans of an Emigrant Aid Company, information about the American Settlement Company, and prices for various items in Lawrence. Also included in the "Addenda" was the text of the Kansas Nebraska Act, which was not scanned as it is available elsewhere on this site.
Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); American Settlement Company; Emigrant aid companies; Land; Land acquisition; Landscape; Maps; Native Americans; Prices; Settlement
Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1856
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Thomas Webb expanded the information in his previous version of this circular to produce a more current edition. Topics such as travel routes, preparation, and provisions are still discussed, while more information regarding town settlements, accommodations, and family life are new additions.
Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brown, John Carter; Cities and towns; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Timber; Town development; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866
Quit-Claim Deed and Bond for Henry Campbell and H.M. Simpson to C. Robinson
Authors: Campbell, Henry ; Simpson, H.M
Date: 13 February 1857
Quit-Claim Deed for Henry Campbell and H.M. Simpson, passing ownership of part of a lot on Massachusetts street on to Charles Robinson.
Keywords: Campbell, Henry; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Legal documents; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, H.M
Certificate, Buffalo City, Kansas Territory, One Town Share
Authors: Buffalo City Town Association
Date: February 21, 1857
This printed form was made out to Charles Blakely, illustrated and completed by hand. Several towns were named Buffalo or Buffalo City during and after the territorial period. This particular Buffalo City was planned in Doniphan County near Eagle Springs. On February 11, 1857, John W. Geary, Kansas territorial governor, approved an act incorporating the "Buffalo Town Association of Kansas Territory" into Davis County. Neither town has survived.
Keywords: Blakely, Charles; Buffalo City Town Association; Buffalo City, Kansas Territory; Chadduck, G.B.; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Frazer, B.B.; Land acquisition; Town development; Town settlement; Town shares
Certificate, receipt for purchase of Iowa Trust Lands
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: June 8, 1857
When the Territory was opened in 1854, the Iowa Indians inhabited most of northern Doniphan County. Shortly after the passage of the Kansas- Nebraska bill a treaty was made between the U.S. Government and the Indians, by which the Indians sold a most of their lands and accepted the diminished reserve which they still occupy. The land that was then released to the Government was known as the "Iowa Trust lands," and was, with the exception of 480 acres, sold to the highest bidder (adapted from William G. Cutler's "History of the State of Kansas").
Keywords: Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Indian lands; Iowa Indians; Iowa Point, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Settlement
Letter Press Book, Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Dear Judge [M. F. Moore]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: June 5, 1857
Thomas Ewing, Jr., moved to Kansas Territory in 1856 and established a law practice in Leavenworth. It is from this town, Kansas Territory's largest city, where he also had many investments, that he wrote Judge M. F. Moore, Sioux City, Iowa, regarding Moore's investments and other opportunities in Leavenworth.
Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Iowa; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion
Letter, A. A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: August 14, 1857
A. A. Lawrence, from Boston, wrote to Charles Robinson, giving his impressions of recent political and business events. Lawrence gave his support for the upcoming Missouri election, which he believed would break up the pro-slavery party. He praised Robinson's handling of Lawrence's trust funds and properties, stating "Old Brown ought to report to you. It is bad policy to have a ranger like him with money and arms at his disposal, and only accountable to people here."
Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Finance; Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869
Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1857
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Thomas Webb compiled this more comprehensive version of his earlier circulars by the same name. Containing much of the same information as the previous versions, such as details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas and subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, it features a large section that describes individual town settlements. This circular also addresses the proslavery and free state conflict, though in a nonpartisan manner, considering the interests of both groups.
Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Books; Brown, John Carter; Circulars; Crops; Diseases; Education; Food; Guns; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Libraries; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Religion; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Town settlement; Transportation; Travel literature; Weapons (see also Guns); Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866
Letter, Andrew J. Dorn to Sir [Charles E. Mix]
Authors: Dorn, Andrew J.
Date: January 14, 1858
Andrew J. Dorn, U.S. Neosho Agent, wrote from Kansas Territory to Charles E. Mix, Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Washington, D.C. The letter concerned a land purchase agreement he had heard about between an unnamed railroad company and the Osage Indians. Dorn felt that the Indians had been swindled, and he was reporting the incident to the government. He was concerned that this incident might set a precedent for companies buying large plots of Indian land, which would lead to skyrocketing prices and a scarcity of land.
Keywords: Chapman, J.B.; Dorn, Andrew J.; Ham, M.M.; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Mix, Charles E.; Neosho, Kansas Territory; Osage Indians; Railroad companies; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs
Notice, Land Office, Kickapoo, K.T.
Authors: Whitfield, John W. (Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879; Woodson, Daniel
Date: June 12, 1858
Issued by John W. Whitfield, land office register and former proslavery territorial delegate to Congress, on June 12, 1858, this one-page notice informed Sol Miller of a counter claim made against some preemption land in which Miller (referred to as "an adverse claimant") apparently held an interest. The notice was also signed by Daniel Woodson, receiver, who had served as the first secretary of the territory of Kansas and on several occasions in 1855 and 1856 as acting governor.
Keywords: Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Miller, Solomon (Sol); Preemption law United States; United States. General Land Office; Whitfield, John W. (John Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879; Woodson, Daniel
Letter, M. Brimmer to M. F. Conway
Authors: Brimmer, Martin
Date: July 16, 1858
Martin Brimmer, member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Brimmer asked Conway for advice on whether the Company should start offering to sell town lots and shares on terms requiring a cash down payment and the balance paid over a period of months. Previously, the Company had required a cash payment for the entire cost of the town share or lot. Brimmer also speculated speculating that Kansans would vote against the Lecompton Constitution in the upcoming August 1858 election.
Keywords: Brimmer, Martin; Conway, Martin Franklin; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, August 1858; Election, Lecompton Constitution, August 1857; Emigrant aid companies; Land acquisition; Land sales; Leavenworth Constitution; Lecompton Constitution; Loans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Real estate; Town lots; Town shares
Sale of Public Lands in the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Hendricks, Thomas A.
Date: July 21, 1858
This flyer announced the sale of various public lands in Kansas Territory.
Keywords: Hendricks, Thomas A.; Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Land; Land acquisition; Land sales; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; United States. General Land Office
Agreement concerning the Missouri River and Rocky Mountain Rail Road and the Delaware Nation of Indians
Authors: Pratt, J. G. J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Robinson, Charles ; Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: August 3, 1858
This agreement offered property to John G. Pratt if he was successful in assisting in the adoption of a treaty between the U. S. government and the Delaware's to make lands in the Delaware Reserve available to the Missouri River and Rocky Mountain Rail Road. Pratt was to receive the equivalent of two sections of land--one near the Delaware Mission and one of timber land, a total of 1280 acres, and $5,000 if the treaty was ratified.
Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Delaware Indians; Economic development; Land acquisition; Land sales; Missouri River and Rocky Mountain Railroad; Native Americans; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Railroads; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell
Letter, Edward Atkinson to G. W. Collamore Esq.
Authors: Atkinson, Edward
Date: October 22,1858
Edward Atkinson wrote from Boston to George Collamore, future mayor of Lawrence, Kansas Territory, regarding the location and purchase price of good farm land. Atkinson made the inquiry for a friend, a stone mason who lived in Somerset County, New York, who was interested in emigrating "to some region where he would have better prospects."
Keywords: Atkinson, Edward; Collamore, George W.; Emigration and immigration; Land acquisition; New York; Stonemasons
Letter, W. T. Sherman to H. E. Ring
Authors: Sherman, William T. ((William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Date: November 1, 1858
Thomas Ewing, Jr.'s law partner and brother-in-law, W.T. Sherman, who would gain military fame and glory as a general during the Civil War, wrote from Leavenworth to H.E. Ring in Dover, Tenn., regarding land and other prospects in Kansas. "Near this city now containing 1000 people," wrote Sherman, that land prices were high ranging about $100 an acre down to $4 or $5." Sherman offered to help this "old school mate" locate in Kansas if he so desired, but he advised that he would not do so unless his health was good and if he were prospering back home, "as there are many here seeking places. The climate too is not so genial as that of Tennessee."
Keywords: Dover, Tennessee; Land acquisition; Land sales; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ring, H. E.; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Tennessee; Weather
Letter, Abelard Guthrie to Hiram Hill, Esq
Authors: Guthrie, Abelard
Date: November 11, 1858
Abelard Guthrie, a member of the Quindaro Town Company, wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, rebutting Hill's accusations that he had acted in bad faith regarding certain enterprises of the Town Company. Guthrie stated that he had intended to begin the grading work on Kansas Avenue and other roads, but had found that the Company's funds were depleted; he suspected a swindling. He defended himself in light of other land purchases and business transactions and expressed extreme frustration at his bleak financial situation.
Keywords: Economic conditions; Fraud; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Land acquisition; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Roads; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory
Shooting of Gaius Jenkins
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: July 24, 1858
Newspaper clipping from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, July 24, 1858, describing the shooting of Gauis Jenkins by Jim Lane. The two men were claiming rights to the same portion of land. Lane shot Jenkins when he tried to get water from the well on this contested property.
Keywords: Jenkins, Gaius; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land speculation; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Violence
Letter, H. Learnard to Friend Oscar [Learnard]
Authors: Learnard, H.
Date: February 9, 1859
H. Learnard wrote from Granville, Vermont, to Oscar Learnard of Kansas Territory, in this transcribed version of his letter. The author updated Oscar regarding his family and mutual friends, and he inquired about work, land, and money value in Kansas Territory. He also indicated that he would like to travel there, though Oscar's father advised him against it.
Keywords: Daily life; Economic conditions; Emigration and immigration; Land acquisition; Learnard, H.; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Real estate investment; Vermont
Letter, Frank Walker to M. B. Walker
Authors: Walker, Frank
Date: March 4, 1859
Frank Walker of Mound City, Kansas Territory, wrote to Mr. B. Walker (from the context, presumably a brother) recounting recent skirmishes between the free state men led by James Montgomery and the pro-slavery "scamps" in Bourbon and Linn counties. Walker dubbed Montgomery one of "the likedest man in Kanzas," though at the time, in pro-slavery Linn County, he was considered an outlaw. Walker's letter included references to an incident occurring on Dec 16, 1858 in Fort Scott, in which Montgomery and his men attacked a pro-slavery prison to save a fellow free state man. Walker concluded by encouraging his family to obtain a land warrant in Kansas Territory.
Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state perspective; Guns; Land acquisition; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Walker, Frank; Walker, M.B.; Weapons (see also Guns); Wounds and injuries
Letter, James R. Mead to My dear Father
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: August 13, 1859
In this letter, James Mead wrote from Tecumseh, Kansas Territory, to his father about his efforts to secure a claim. He included information about the people of the territory, and the beautiful vegetation and flourishing towns. Mead also spoke of the immense amount of traffic along the Santa Fe Trail, and of the roads to Lecompton and Topeka which he declared were "the best roads I ever saw anywhere." He also described the buildings of Burlingame, Kansas Territory and the make up of the community. At the end of the letter, he mentioned the new constitution, which "is all Free State."
Keywords: Burlingame, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claims; Mead, James R.; Osage County, Kansas Territory; Prices; Roads; Santa Fe road; Transportation; Travel; Wagon trains
Document granting land to Pascal Fish on behalf of other Fish family members
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: September 27, 1859
This document, with President Buchanan's signature signed by a secretary, granted land to Pascal Fish and his family who were members of the "united tribe of Shawnee Indians." The land was granted under provisions of a treaty between the Shawnee Indians and the U. S. government signed May 10, 1854. Specific acreage in Johnson County was designated.
Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Fish, Paschal; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land grants; Native Americans; Shawnee Indians
Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [Hon. John Sherman]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: December 16, 1859
Ewing wrote Republican Congressman John Sherman in Washington, D.C., to implore him not to support the appointment of William Montgomery (D., Pa.) to the Committee on Public Lands. The Pennsylvania congressman was heavily invested in Atchison and could be expected to continue to support an inequitable Public Land bill.
Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Montgomery, William; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; United States. Congress; United States. Congress. House. Committee on Public Lands; Washington, D.C.
Bounty Land Grant for Franklin Crane
Authors: General Land Office
Date: June 1, 1860
A bounty land grant was originally issued to Oliver Brown, a private during the War of 1812. This document declares that the tract of land described has been turned over to Franklin Crane, a resident of Topeka, who most likely purchased it from the original owner. This was done in accordance with an act of Congress passed on March 3, 1855, entitled "An Act in addition to certain Acts granting Bounty Land to certain Officers and Soldiers who have been engaged in the Military Service of the United States." It was signed by President James Buchanan.
Keywords: Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Land acquisition; Land titles; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; United States. General Land Office; United States. Surveyor General
List of names of certain New York Indians entitled to 320 acres within the New York Reservation in Kansas Territory
Authors: Greenwood, A. B.
Date: June 9, 1860
This list documented the distribution of the New York Indian lands in Kansas Territory according to provisions of a treaty dated January 15, 1838. The list was submitted to the Secretary of the Interior on June 9, 1860, and approved on June 16, 1860.
Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Greenwood, A. B.; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Native Americans; New York Indians
Kansas. Lands in the Late New York Indian Reserve, Synopsis of the President's Proclamation No. 667
Authors: Wilson, Joseph S.
Date: Sept. 10, 1860
This printed circular described the process for acquiring land in the former New York Indian Reserve in Kansas. It includes provisions for those who have pre-empted land and for land claimed by native Americans. The sale was handled by the General Land Office at Fort Scott, Kansas Territory.
Keywords: Allen County, Kansas Territory; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Butler County, Kansas Territory; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claims; New York Indian Reserve; United States. General Land Office; Wilson, Joseph S.; Woodson County, Kansas Territory
Letter, J. H. Vansickle to Dear Sir
Authors: Vansickle, John H.
Date: November 27, 1860
John Vansickle wrote from Bourbon County regarding the current economic conditions in Kansas Territory. Vansickle stated that the weather had remained dry for almost 12 months, and that corn and other crops had become valuable commodities. He added that the ruffians and the lawless part of the community would not help themselves by working when they had the chance. Vansickle concluded by saying he had plenty of food, and he discussed land claim opportunities with the recipient.
Keywords: Border ruffians; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Droughts; Economic conditions; Land acquisition; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Prices; Vansickle, John H.
Pamphlet," A Colony for an Indian Reserve in Kansas"
Authors: Hutchinson, Clinton Carter
This pamphlet, written by Clinton Carter Hutchinson, U.S. Indian Agent of Ottawa Creek, Franklin County, Kansas, contains a brief history of the Ottawa Indian tribe (after contact with white settlers) and describes the land allotted to them in a treaty of June 24, 1862, which opened a portion of their land reserve to public sales. The remainder of the pamphlet serves as a type of almanac, advising potential settlers of the Kansas frontier lifestyle, what provisions are available or recommended, and what types of people and professions are desirable.
Keywords: Daily life; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Indian agents; Land acquisition; Land grants; Native Americans; Natural resources; Ottawa Indians; Timber; Treaties; Weather