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70 results for Kansas Territory. Legislature:
Certificate. Legislative Assembly, Territory of Kansas
Authors: Colton, Gustavus A.
Date: January 1860
According to this document, signed by the speaker of the Kansas House of Representatives, the assembly owed $68 ("mileage and per diem") to Mark W. Delahay for "services rendered" as chief clerk from January 2 to January 18, 1860. It was simply specified that Delahay was to receive $4 per day for 17 days.

Keywords: Certificates; Colton, Gustavus A.; Delahay, Mark W.; Kansas Legislature; Kansas Territory. Legislature


Letter, Tho Sherwood to Friend Woodward
Authors: Sherwood, Thomas
Date: July 5, 1855
Thomas Sherwood wrote to Friend Woodward of the now-famous confrontation between Governor Andrew Reeder and Benjamin F. Stringfellow. According to Sherwood, the two men were only saved from shooting one another by the intervention of Reeder's private secretary, John Halderman, and the U.S. District Attorney for Kansas Territory, Andrew Isacks.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Halderman, John Adams; Isacks, Andrew Jackson; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shawnee Mission; Sherwood, Thomas; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.


Letter, Your Affectionate Husband [Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr.] to My Dear Wife [Eliza (Matthew) Tovey]
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: March 22, 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr., wrote to his wife, Eliza (Matthew) Tovey at their home in Albany, New York. Tovey mentioned his current task of finding a suitable land claim. He discussed the situations of his nearest neighbors as recent homesteaders and businessmen. Tovey also remarked on the "great deal of excitement" surrounding the prospect of forming a territorial legislature and anticipated "a smart fight" between proslavery and free state men.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Merchants; Swift, J. Dedan; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Town development; Weather


Letter, Warren Beckwith to M. H. Moore [Henry Miles]
Authors: Beckwith, Warren
Date: March 9, 1855
Beckwith wrote from Pawnee, K. T., to Henry Miles Moore of Weston, Missouri. Beckwith described building construction in Pawnee, reporting that a warehouse would be completed in time for the first session of the Territorial Legislature and that Catholic and Episcopal churches were being built.

Keywords: Beckwith, Warren; Churches; Construction; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town sites


Letter, C. Robinson to Rev. E. E. Hale
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: April 9, 1855
Charles Robinson, writing from Lawrence, K. T. to Edward Everett Hale, commented that Free State supporters were forming military companies in response to perceived "outrageous conduct" by Missourians during the March 30, 1855, election of representatives for the territorial legislature. Robinson asked Hale to send two hundred Sharp's rifles and two cannon for the use of Lawrence settlers.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Cannons; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elections; Free state; Guns; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Militia; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Proslavery activities; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sharps rifles; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, John Halderman to Messrs [Josiah] Miller and [Robert G.] Elliot
Authors: Halderman, John Adams
Date:  April 6, 1855
John Halderman, Governor Reeder's private secretary, wrote from Shawnee Mission to Josiah Miller, editor of the Kansas Free State newspaper, and to his business partner, Robert G Elliott, requesting that they print Reeder's proclamations from the recent convention of the territorial legislature.

Keywords: Elections; Elliott, Robert G.; Halderman, John Adams; Herald of Freedom; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Miller, Josiah; Newspapers; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shawnee Mission


Members and Officers, First Legislative Assembly of Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: July 2, 1855
This catalogue lists members and officers of the council and both houses of the first legislative assembly in Kansas Territory. It includes demographic information including how long each settler was in the territory, their political affiliations (most were pro slavery), and other remarks.

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Proslavery settlers


Journal of the Council of the Territory of Kansas, At Their First Session
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: July 2 through August 30, 1855
This printed document contained the actions of the First Territorial Council (Senate). It first met at the town of Pawnee near Fort Riley on Monday July 2, 1855. On July 6, 1855, the House of Representatives approved a resolution sent to them by the Council that moved the meeting of the Legislature to Shawnee Manual Labor School beginning July 16, 1855. This session of the Council concluded this first session on August 30, 1855. Included in the volume are various messages from the Governor and Acting Governor. The appendix contained reports of various committees--judiciary, special committee on exempting slaves from execution, bounds of counties and districts, elections, convention, public printing. The appendix also had the "opinion of the Supreme Court in regard to the legality of the present session" by Samuel Lecompte and Rush Elmore, a memorial from the legislature of Kansas to the President of the United States requesting the removal of Andrew Reeder, and the Rules and Orders under which the House of Representatives conducted business. The last 52 pages were an index to the volume. The members of the Council were Thomas Johnson and Edward Chapman, 1st Council District; A. M. Coffey and David Lykins, 4th Council District; William Barbee, 5th Council District; John W. Forman, 7th district; William P. Richardson, 8th district; D. A. N. Grover, 9th district; L. J. Eastin and Richard R. Rees, 10th district. The elections in the 2nd, 3rd, and 6th Council Districts were disputed but Andrew Macdonald, 2nd Council district, H. J. Strickler, 3rd district; and John Donaldson, 6th district were sworn in as members of the Council. John A. Haldeman served as the Chief Clerk.

Keywords: Barbee, William; Chapman, Edward; Coffey, A. M.; Courts; Donaldson, John; Eastin, Lucian J.; Elmore, Rush; Forman, John W.; Geary County, Kansas; Grover, D. A. N.; Halderman, John Adams; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Johnson, Thomas; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Lykins, David; Macdonald, Andrew; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Rees, Richard R.; Richardson, William P.; Shawnee Manual Labor School; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Woodson, Daniel


Journal of the House of Representatives of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Kansas Territory, Legislature
Date: July 2 through August 30, 1855
This printed document contained the actions of the First Territorial House of Representatives. It first met at the town of Pawnee near Fort Riley on Monday July 2, 1855. On July 6, 1855, the House of Representatives approved a resolution sent to them by the Council (Senate) that moved the meeting of the Legislature to Shawnee Manual Labor School beginning July 16, 1855. This session of the House of Representatives concluded this first session on August 30, 1855. Included in the volume are various messages from the Governor and Acting Governor. The appendix contained reports of various committees--judiciary, special committee on exempting slaves from execution, bounds of counties and districts, elections, convention, public printing. The appendix also had the "opinion of the Supreme Court in regard to the legality of the present session" by Samuel Lecompte and Rush Elmore, a memorial from the legislature of Kansas to the President of the United States requesting the removal of Andrew Reeder, and the Rules and Orders under which the House of Representatives conducted business. The last 31 pages were an index to the volume.

Keywords: Browne, O. H.; Courts; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Elmore, Rush; Geary County, Kansas; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Johnson, Alex S.; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Marshall, F.J.; Mathias, William G.; Pawnee, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shawnee Manual Labor School; Stringfellow, John H.; Wilkinson, Allen; Woodson, Daniel


By Authority. Official Message of His Excellency Gov. A. H. Reeder, to the First Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Kansas.
Authors: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: July 3, 1855
This printed version of Reeder's address included a review of how the land that became Kansas was acquired by the United States and of various legislation and treaties that applied before the passage of the Kansas Nebraska Act. Reeder also identified some of the responsibilities of the Legislature including establising a means of determining if Kansas was to be slave or free, establishing counties, setting up a judicial system, levying taxes, organizing a militia, determining a permanent seat of government, and creating a constitution. He also included some statistics from the first official census, which recorded 2,904 qualified voters out of 8,521 residents (only free males could vote). Reeder indicated the need to resolve the issue of selling intoxicating liquors to Native Americans.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Census; Courts; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Native Americans; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864


Governor's Message Vetoing the Bill to Incorporate a Ferry at the Town of Kickapoo in K.T.
Authors: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: July 21, 1855
This letter was written by Andrew Reeder to the legislature, informing them that he had vetoed the bill. Furthermore he reminded them that the place where the legislature was supposed to meet was at Ft. Leavenworth, and not at the Shawnee Manual Labor School.

Keywords: Kansas Legislature; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shawnee Manual Labor School; Territorial Council (see Kansas Territory. Council); Territorial politics and government


Veto Message of Andrew H. Reeder, Governor of Kansas Territory together with A Memorial from the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Kansas to His Excellency, Franklin Pierce, President of the United States
Authors: Kansas Territory, Legislature ; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: July 26, 1855
This printed pamphlet contained Andrew Reeder's veto messge for two bills passed by the territorial legislature. He based his veto not on the content of the bills but on the argument that the legislation was not passed at the official "seat of government." He explained his position in detail citing federal legislation and acts of the territorial legislature. The "Memorial" from the territorial legislature included a request that Reeder be removed as territorial governor with explanations of their grievances against Reeder. The item included the names of the members of the Council and members of the House.

Keywords: Johnson, Thomas; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Stringfellow, John H.


An Act to Punish Offences Against Slave Property
Authors: Kansas Territory, Legislature
Date: August 14, 1855
This act was passed by the Legislative Assembly of Kansas Territory on August 14, 1855. It was to take effect on September 15, 1855. The Speaker of the House was J. H. Stringfellow and the President of the Council was Thomas Johnson. The act included a death penalty for persons causing or aiding in any "rebellion or insurrection of slaves, free negroes, or mulattoes" in Kansas Territory. Other provisions dealt with "speaking, writing, or printing" that encouraged slaves to rebel or that argued that the right to hold slaves did not exist in Kansas Territory. Several sections of the act contained penalities for encouraging or assisting slaves to escape and one stated that anyone opposed to the holding of slaves cound not serve on a jury.

Keywords: Abolitionists; African Americans; Antislavery; Antislavery movements; Johnson, Thomas; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Kansas Territory. Legislature - Pawnee/Shawnee Mission; Laws; Shawnee Manual Labor School; Slave insurrections; Slavery; Slaves; Stringfellow, John H.


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. S. S. Jocelyn
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: October 15, 1855
Writing from Osawatomie, Samuel Adair mentioned that his family had been sick and that others in the area had been ill and/or died. The bulk of the letter dealt with elections held by both proslavery and antislavery supporters in October, 1855, and the number of Missourians that voted in the proslavery election on October 1. He also discussed the territorial legislature that met at Shawnee Mission. The letter also indicated that a relative and his son and son-in-law had arrived in Kansas Territory and that he had brought a number of weapons. This is probably referring to John Brown, who was a half brother of Adair's wife Florella. Adair mentioned that he was concerned about Brown's war-like attitude. Adair briefly discussed a slaveholder who had left the territory because of his concern about the "outcome." This appears to be a draft of a letter sent to Jocelyn.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Election fraud; Elections; Free state activities; Illness; Jocelyn, S. S.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Slaveholders; Slavery


Letter, M. W. Delahay to Genl. C. Robinson, Col. J. H. Lane & Others
Authors: Delahay, Mark W.
Date: February 16, 1856
From Washington, D.C., on February 16, 1856, Mark Delahay, the Free State Party's would be representative to the 34th Congress, wrote to his free state colleagues regarding President Franklin Pierce's directive to Governor Wilson Shannon. The latter was "to arrest and punish all who may take part in the making and putting inforce any law in oposition to the Territorial laws now upon the Statute Book." Delahay warned against "the organization of an independent State Government" and wrote "we are upon the brink of a crisis of serious import." (See D.W. Wilder, Annals of Kansas, 109-110.)

Keywords: Delahay, Mark W.; Free State Party; Free state government; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Pierce administration; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); United States. Congress; Washington, D.C.


House Executive Documents, 34th Congress, 1st Session, v.9, Executive Document No.66, Executive Minutes of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: March 24, 1856
President Franklin Pierce, along with his Secretary of State, complied with a resolution brought forth by the House of Representatives, which requested the "transmission of documents touching the affairs of the Territory of Kansas." The contents of these span from January 1, 1855- June 1855, and include the description of judicial districts and voting precincts as constructed by Territorial Governor Andrew Reeder. Also transmitted are Records of Oath for various Territorial justices and constables, voter census tables, and Territorial Legislature election returns of March 1855. Claims of election fraud in each district are also addressed by Governor Reeder.

Keywords: Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, March 1855; Executive departments - Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Judicial system; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864


Letter, S. N. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: June 17, 1856
Samuel Simpson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill. Simpson reported the recent shooting death of a free state man by a proslavery Tennessee man. Despite this and other eruptions of violence, Simpson declared that " Lawrence as a city is yet in existence and from the character of the people I think we shall long exist" and that "slavery will cut her own life". He displayed little faith that the Territory's present government could produce and uphold a proslavery constitution. Simpson also mentioned Hill's property holdings, all full and paying rent.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Free state support; Hill, Hiram; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Violent deaths; Whitney, Thaddeus L.


Photograph, William Frederick Milton Arny
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Circa 1856
W. F. M. Arny was active in numerous territorial Kansas activities, serving as an agent for the National Kansas Committee and as a delegate to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He was a member of the 1858 territorial legislature and the Topeka legislature. The identification on this photograph indicates that this is a disguise he used in Missouri in 1856.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Card photographs; Free state supporters; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; National Kansas Committee; Photographs and Illustrations


Reeder Dagger
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856
Many free-state leaders were charged with treason by the pro-slavery legislature in May 1856. Former territorial governor Andrew Reeder escaped arrest by leaving Kansas disguised as a woodcutter. Reeder carried this dagger for defense when he fled the territory.

Keywords: Free state cause; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Kansas Territory. Legislature - Pawnee/Shawnee Mission; Objects; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Swords and daggers; Treason; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, Marcus J. Parrott to H. Miles Moore
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: January 12, 1857
Parrott, the representative of Kansas Territory to the U.S. Congress, wrote to Moore from Washington offering his assessment of the upcoming session of Congress. Parrott predicted that the Congress would reject the Lecompton Constitution. He also offered Moore, a Free State advocate recently elected to the Kansas Territorial House of Representatives, advice on activities to pursue in the Territorial Legislature.

Keywords: Constitutions; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; United States. Congress


Invitation, Mrs. Charles Robinson to the Citizens' Ball
Authors: McAllister, Richard
Date: January 15, 1857
This invitation was sent to Sara Robinson by Richard McAllister, Deputy Secretary to Governor Geary, enclosing it with a letter sent to her on January 9th. Governors Geary and Shannon were to be in attendance at the ball in Lecompton City, along with several other distinguished guests who supported the Territorial Legislature (considered "bogus" by free state supporters).

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; McAllister, Richard; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Stevens, Robert S.; Woodson, Daniel


Letter, Henry Campbell to Friend Colmore [George Collamore]
Authors: Campbell, Henry
Date: February 4, 1857
Henry Campbell wrote to his friend George Collamore, a future mayor of Lawrence, regarding recent trends in real estate sales. Campbell expressed disapproval of the "Bogus Legislature" and referred to a recent shooting in Tecumseh where Judge Rush Elmore, an associate justice of the Territorial Supreme Court, a leading delegate at the Lecompton Constitutional Convention, and a slave holder, was seriously wounded. Campbell also mentioned the upcoming sale of Wyandotte.

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Campbell, Henry; Collamore, George W.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elmore, Rush; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land sales; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Town development; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, H. [Hiram] J. [Jackson] Stickler to Col. [Thomas N. Stinson]
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: February 12, 1857
Hiram Jackson Strickler, writing from Lecompton, Kansas Territory to Thomas N. Stinson of Tecumseh, Kansas Territory, described his attempts as a Territorial Council member to advocate on behalf of Tecumseh. He commented upon an unsuccessful effort to have the penitentiary located at Tecumseh. He also mentioned his opposition to issuing bank charters due to his concerns that the banks would issue "wild cat shin plasters" (devalued paper money).

Keywords: Banks and banking; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Paper money; Prisons; Stinson, Thomas N.; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Territorial Council (see Kansas Territory. Council)


An Act to incorporate the City of Topeka
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: February 14, 1857 & April 22, 1857
This act, handwritten by Cyrus K. Holliday, was passed by the territorial legislature at Lecompton on February 14th, 1857. Its three sections established the city limits of Topeka, designated a board of trustees, and secured the city's rights. Fred P. Stanton, Secretary of the Territory of Kansas, certified this copy of the act.

Keywords: Cleveland, L. G.; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Dickey, Milton C.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Legal documents; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; Thornton, Thomas G.; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Walkley, I.


Letter, Sam. F. Tappan to Dear friend [Thomas W. Higginson]
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: July 6, 1857
In this letter, Samuel Tappan wrote to Thomas W. Higginson to update him on the situation in Kansas. He discussed the "bogus" constitutional convention and Gov. Walker's actions against the free state cause. He mentioned that the proslavery forces "did all they could to have us 'partake' in the bogus election without success." Tappan still had confidence that the forces of "democracy" would triumph. In the postscript, he spoke briefly of a census taken by free state leaders.

Keywords: Census; Election, Lecompton Constitution delgates to convention, June 1857; Elections; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Proclamation, To the people of Lawrence
Authors: Walker, Robert J. (John), 1801-1869
Date: July 15, 1857
This open letter from Gov. Walker concerned the differences between the city charter of Lawrence approved by legislature, and the charter approved by citizens of Lawrence.

Keywords: Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Town development; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, Josiah Miller to Dear Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date: July 20 [1857]
Josiah Miller wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to his Father and Mother, recently settled in Illinois. He discussed with them family news, and attached a postscript regarding their land warrants in Kansas Territory. Miller also referred to the free state supporters' rejection of a charter put in place by the "bogus legislature" in Lecompton, and the subsequent meeting of the free state legislature in Topeka. A census had been taken by free state men in the largest pro-slavery localities. According to Miller, this census found that free state men outnumbered proslavery supporters by at least 1 to 7.

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Census; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state legislature; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lum, S. Y; Miller, Josiah; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, [Tho. Ewing, Jr.] to Dear Father [Hon. T. Ewing]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: August 5, 1857
The first letter in this letter press book mainly concerned with political affairs in the territory was addressed to Ewing, Sr., in Lancaster, Ohio, and dated Leavenworth, Kansas, August 5, 1857. Responding to the father's observations about the situation in Kansas, Ewing, Jr., wrote "I have all along regarded the attempt at an organization of a State Government, while we are a Territory, as the extreme of folly . . ." and some additional observations about the Topeka movement. Ewing "intend[ed] to stand clear of the political arena in Kansas while the leaders of the Democracy are made up of political murderers, and while the free state party is but the football for the Free soilers in the Northern States."

Keywords: Bogus laws; Democratic Party (U.S.); Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Free Soil Party; Free State Party; Free soil; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lancaster, Ohio; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitution; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


An Act to provide for the election of Delegates to a Convention to frame a State Constitution
Authors: Deitzler, George W.
Date: 1858
This act pertains to the election of delegates to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Babcock, Carmi William; Deitzler, George W.; Election, Leavenworth Constitution ratification, May 1858; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Voting


Pamphlet, Rules for the Government of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Kansas Territory, Legislature
Date: January 4, 1858
This pamphlet outlines procedures for conducting business in the Territorial Legislature. This document was officially adopted by the Third Session of the Territorial Legislature held at Lecompton, and includes lists and directory information of members and officers in both the House of Representatives and the Council, as well as "Rules and Orders" for both of those groups.

Keywords: Babcock, Carmi William; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Kansas Territory. Legislature - Lecompton; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Territorial government


Concurrent Resolutions, New York State Senate, Relative to Territorial Legislation
Authors: New York State Senate
Date: January 5, 1858
This resolution proposes guidelines for the creation of a constitution in Kansas Territory, stating that any adopted constitution must not conflict with laws of the "general government" [United States federal government], but also that it must be fairly approved by the voters of the territory and not imposed upon them by any governing body.

Keywords: Constitutions; Kansas Territory. Legislature; National politics; New York; New York State Senate; Popular sovereignty; United States Government


Letter, S.C.S. [most likely Samuel C. Smith] to "Doctor" [Robinson]
Authors: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: January 11, 1858
This letter, dated Lawrence, January 11, 1858, most likely from Samuel C. Smith, mentions many of the Free State Party's main actors and issues at this critical time in Kansas politics. He described the activities of the Legislature, which assembled in Lawrence in January, and devotes considerable attention to the machinations of the "villain" Jim Lane.

Keywords: Allen, Lyman; Babcock, Carmi William; Conway, Martin Franklin; Deitzler, George W.; Free State Party; Jones, John Tecumseh (Tauy); Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Larzalere, Alfred; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Constitution; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Militia; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Railroad companies; Railroad legislation; Railroad promotion; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Smith, Samuel C.; Temperance movement; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Vaughan, Champion


Speech of Hon. Reuben E. Fenton of New York, "The Designs of the Slave Power"
Authors: Fenton, Reuben E.
Date: February 24, 1858
Representative Reuben Fenton, of New York, delivered this speech on the floor of the House of Representatives, in reaction to the Congressional debate over the validity of the Lecompton Constitution. Believing that the repeal of the Missouri Compromise was a mistake, meant to allow the extension of slavery into the new territories, Fenton emphasized that their forefathers recognized that slavery and anti-slavery men could not coexist. Thus, under the authority outlined in the Constitution, slavery in all Territories should be abolished, in line with the Federal Government's duty to "install a government [in the Territories] conducive to the greatest degree of happiness and welfare" of its residents. Fenton did not believe that the Lecompton Constitution represented the will of Kansas' citizens, insisting that the majority, as free state supporters, were proposing no challenge to the Government constructed by the founding fathers.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Dred Scott decision; Fenton, Reuben E.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lecompton Constitution; Missouri compromise; New York; Popular sovereignty; Slavery; Speeches, addresses, etc.


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: March 6, 1858
This letter from Pomeroy to Hyatt was written from the Planters House hotel in Leavenworth on March 6, 1858 (not 1859, as marked) and deals with a variety of subjects, financial and political. Pomeroy began with comments on banking, property, and railroad promotion, and ends with observations about Kansas politics and the Lecompton Constitution, which he believed was finished. "Kansas is as sure to freedom as Plymouth Rock." Even if the proslave constitution passed Congress, all it would do is re-ignite the forces of freedom: "Kansas is safe to the free state party. So don't spend any more time , strength or money about it. The victory is won! . . .The millennium for the free labor interests of the Country will begin in 1860!"

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Banks and banking; Free State Party; Free labor; Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Squatter Sovereign; Town lots


Letter, Hugh S. Walsh to General [James W. Denver]
Authors: Walsh, Hugh Sleight
Date: November 22, 1858
Acting Governor Hugh S. Walsh, writing from Lecompton, Kansas Territory to former territorial governor James W. Denver, described his strategy for the upcoming session of the territorial legislature. Walsh expressed the opinion that the legislature, due to voting irregularities, was not truly representative of the people of the territory. He hoped to convince the legislators to resign and call for new elections.

Keywords: Census; Courts; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Election fraud; Elections; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Walsh, Hugh Sleight


Pamphlet, Report of Samuel W. Greer, Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools
Authors: Greer, Samuel W
Date: December 30, 1858
Samuel Greer, having been appointed Territorial Superintendent of Public Instruction by the Free State Party's Central Committee only four months before, reported on the status of the public education system in the Territory. Greer emphasized that perfection should not be anticipated as K.T. had little financial revenue to contribute at that time. He proposed dividing the school system by municipal townships and sub-districts for easier management. Greer did however find praise for the school in Lawrence, relating that "the best order prevails. . .the scholars. . .are advancing rapidly in their studies", and referring to the school as example to "awaken a spirit of generous emulation in other parts of the Territory."

Keywords: Economic conditions; Education; Greer, Samuel Wiley; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Schools; Superintendent of Public Instruction; Taxation


Address to the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Kansas
Authors: Armstrong, Lucy B.
Date: ca. 1859
This request, directed to the Kansas Territorial Legislature, asked that the act which incorporated the city of Wyandotte be amended. The solicitors of this request, widows with children, all of Indian decent, stated that the act had not been approved by the majority, and that it had passed the Legislature without their knowledge. The amendment they proposed would exclude their lands from the city of Wyandotte.

Keywords: Armstrong, Lucy B.; Indian lands; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Town companies; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, S. C. S. [Samuel C. Smith] to Dear Doctor [Charles Robinson]
Authors: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: January 6, 1859
Samuel Smith wrote to Dr. Charles Robinson from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, regarding the latest election events within the Kansas Territorial Legislature. The positions of Speaker and Clerk were not secured by William Roberts and himself, as had been expected, but had been filled by Alfred Larzalere and Byron P. Ayres as a consequence of some questionable internal party politics, so described by Smith. Smith also wrote Robinson of George Deitzler's desire to resume correspondence with him, and of a recent incident in which James Lane's portrait was defaced.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Ayres, Byron P.; Babcock, Carmi William; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Branscomb, Charles H.; Deitzler, George W.; Delahay, Mark W.; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elder, P.P.; Elections; Free State Party; Goodin, Joel Kishler; Hutchinson, George W.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Larzalere, Alfred; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); McLane, George W.; Methodist Church; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Roberts, William Young; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Smith, Samuel C.; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Vaughan, Champion; Wright, John W.; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, S. Medary to My Dear Sir
Authors: Medary, S. (Samuel) , 1801-1864
Date: January 12, 1859
Samuel Medary wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to an unknown recipient in Washington, D. C. Medary expressed his disapproval at the way the U. S. Marshall handled the "troubles" in Linn and Bourbon counties that were brought on by free-state radical James Montgomery and his men. He added that the legislature, newly in session, was difficult to work with, as there very few "reliable democrats" in it. Medary also described the legislature's debate over Montgomery's fate.

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Danford, Addison; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Roberts, T.R.; Violence; Wright, John W.


Letter, [Governor] S. [Samuel] Medary to My Dear Sir [former governor James W. Denver]
Authors: Medary, S. (Samuel) , 1801-1864
Date: January 13, 1859
Governor Samuel Medary, writing from Lecompton, Kansas Territory to former governor James W. Denver, reported on his successful effort to convince the Territorial House of Representatives to pass a bill establishing a special court to try James Montgomery and other free state supporters allegedly engaged in violence in southeast Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Jayhawkers; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Violence


Letter, J. P. Root to Hon. Charles Robinson
Authors: Root, Joseph Pomeroy
Date: January 17, 1859
Joseph Root wrote to Charles Robinson from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, informing him of a development that was splitting the Republican (anti-slavery) Party. Root mentioned that a large majority of the free state House members had begun to call themselves "Radicals," or extreme Republicans. He stated that he would leave the party if, in order to be a Republican, he had to be a member of the "Jim Lane Montgomery Men." Root also informed Robinson that a court had been established in Lawrence in order to try violent offenders from Linn, Lykins, and Bourbon counties.

Keywords: Courts; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free State Party; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Roberts, William Young; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Smith, Samuel C.


Statute, An Act to Incorporate and Establish the City of Wyandott, Kansas Territory
Authors: Kansas Territory, Legislature
Date: January 29, 1859
Printed version of the law passed in 1859 by the Kansas Territorial Legislature and signed by Governor Samuel Medary incorporating the city of Wyandott, Kansas Territory. The statute established city boundaries and the stucture and powers of the municipal government. The law was printed as Chapter 107 of the Private Laws of the 1859 Territorial Legislature.

Keywords: Kansas Territory. Legislature; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, C. K. Holliday to Dear Mary [Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: January 30, 1859
Cyrus K. Holliday wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to his wife, Mary Holliday, who, accompanied by Mrs. Edward C. K. Garvey, had returned to Meadville, Pennsylvania to give birth to her second child. Meanwhile, Cyrus Holliday (who was Vice President of the upper territorial legislative body, the Council) had passed four bills, including one establishing Topeka as the Shawnee county seat. He bought new clothes for the session, since Lawrence had become more refined, with a new hotel. Holliday mentioned emigration to Pikes Peak, the Topeka bridge, trouble in L[i]nn county, and meeting three women, Mrs. Smith, Mrs. [Robert] Morrow, and Mrs. O'Donell (possibly Mrs. William O'Donnall) in Lawrence. He proposed that Liz, Mary Holliday's younger sister, return with her.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; County seats; Garvey, Edward C. K.; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Hoogland, Edward; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Meadville, Pennsylvania; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka bridge


Letter, Wm Taylor to S. S. Cox
Authors: Taylor, William
Date: July 31, 1859
William Taylor wrote to S. S. Cox regarding his impressions of the Wyandotte Constitution, which had been recently submitted to Congress. He then added details praising the peace and fertility of the land in Kansas Territory. Taylor concluded by supposing "that there will not any disturbance"caused by the border ruffians in the Territory.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Cox, S.S.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Landscape; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Taylor, William; Women Suffrage; Womens rights; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859


Letter, F. M. Cummins to S. N. Wood
Authors: Cummins, F. M.
Date: October 3, 1859
From El Mendaro, Madison Co., K.T., F. M. Cummins wrote to Wood regarding the latter's candidacy for the territorial legislature in the election of November 8, 1859. He asked Wood to clarify his position on general issues concerning loyalty to Republican principles and a boundary issue that had negatively affected Madison County. (The 23rd District included Madison, Chase, and Morris counties; Wood ultimately lost this election to T. S. Huffaker, the Democratic nominee, but defeated a third candidate, S. G. Britton, who was mentioned as the local favorite by Cummins. A month later, Wood won a seat in the state senate under the Wyandotte Constitution.)

Keywords: Chase County, Kansas Territory; Cummins, F. M.; Democratic Party (U.S.); Huffaker, T. S.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Madison County, Kansas Territory; Morris County, Kansas Territory; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt); Wyandotte Constitution


Letter, N. S. Storrs to Mr. [Samuel N.] Wood
Authors: Storrs, N. S.
Date: November 14, 1859
N.S. Storrs of Emporia wrote to Wood concerning the ill will that had developed toward Wood in Butler County as a result of the recent (October 12) Republican nominating convention and the subsequent election of P.G.D. Morton to the territorial legislature. Storrs agreed with his friends from Butler County that it was a "packed" convention and Butler was not given sufficient representation; the county just wanted "her proper rights and not have a man forced upon her by Skullduggery and damd rascality." Wood was advised to convince people in Butler County that "you did not pledged yourself to Morton."

Keywords: Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Butler County, Kansas Territory; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Morton, P. G. D.; Nominations for office; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Storrs, N. S.


Letter, C. [Charles] E. Griffith to Capt. J. [James] Montgomery
Authors: Griffith, Charles E.
Date: November 15, 1859
Charles Griffith, an Osawatomie newspaper publisher writing from that town, informed Captain James Montgomery that he believed voting fraud had occurred in the November 8, 1859, territorial legislature election. Griffith claimed that, in the absence of the fraud, Montgomery would have won a seat in the territorial house of representatives.

Keywords: Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, November 1859; Elections; Griffith, Charles E.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections)


Letter, Leander Martin to Capt. Jas. Montgomery
Authors: Martin, Leander
Date: December 13, 1859
Leander Martin, writing from Osawatomie, K. T., encouraged James Montgomery to contest the results of the November 8, 1859, election for representatives to the territorial legislature. Montgomery was defeated by William R. Wagstaff in a race for a seat in the territorial house of representatives. Montgomery's response was written at the bottom of the letter.

Keywords: Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, November 1859; Elections; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Martin, Leander; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections)


Letter, James Montgomery to L. [Leander] Martin
Authors: Montgomery, James , 1814-1871
Date: December 18, 1859
James Montgomery, writing from Mound City, K.T., responded to Leander Martin's suggestion that he (Montgomery) contest the results of the November 8, 1859 election for representatives to the territorial legislature. Montgomery lost a race for a seat in the territorial house of representatives to William R. Wagstaff. Montgomery indicated that he had no plans to contest the election himself but would not object if others contested it on his behalf. Martin's letter is included at the top of the document.

Keywords: Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, November 1859; Elections; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Martin, Leander; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Voting; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections)


Report of the Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools
Authors: Greer, Samuel W
Date: December 31, 1859
This printed report was submitted to the Kansas Territorial Legislature by Gov. Medary on January 4, 1860. S. W. Greer, the Territorial Superintendent of Common Schools reported that fifteen counties had submitted reports and schools were taught in 136 districts comprising 7,029 children. He reported on how he visited school districts and included some information on various types of schools in the state. He wrote that the pay for the superintendent was inadequate, due to the value of territorial scrip being worth 30 cents on the dollor. He indicated that he had to use $500 of his own funds in the past year. He wrote about the need to establish normal schools (for training teachers) and to hold teachers' institutes. He wanted to increase the standards for teacher qualifications. He also discussed various aspects of educational methodologies of the period. He included short reports from the following counties: Douglas, Anderson, Jackson, Nemaha, and Osage as well as some statistics from all organized counties. This report was taken from the Journal of the House of Representatives, Kansas Territory, 1859, pages 34 through 82.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Community life; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Greer, Samuel Wiley; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Kansas Territory. Legislature; Native Americans; Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Osage County, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Superintendent of Public Instruction


Book, Gunn's Map and Handbook of Kansas and the Gold Mines
Authors: Gunn, O.B. (Otis Berthoude, 1828-1901)
Date: 1859
This book by O.B. Gunn, a civil engineer in Wyandotte, provides basic information about Kansas Territory and the living conditions there. The first half outlines statistics about the population, climate, crops, telegraph access, etc. for the use of potential settlers. The second half describes routes to gold mines in Western Kansas Territory and advises the best travel seasons and provisions necessary to make the journey. Includes more than 20 pages of business and trade advertisements, including Gunn's own advertisement on p. 57.

Keywords: Crops; Daily life; Gold mines and mining; Gunn, O.B. (Otis Berthoude, 1828-1901); Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Mining; Native Americans; Pikes Peak gold rush; Railroads; Settlement; Telegraph; Weather; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Signatures of Indian Widows requesting exclusion from Wyandotte
Authors: Armstrong, Lucy B.
Date: ca. 1859
This document, which carries the signature of Lucy Armstrong and other widowed Indians, supplements their request to the Kansas Territorial Legislature to amend the Act of Incorporation of Wyandotte city. The women wished to have their private lands excluded from the city, maintaining that they were not consulted about being included, their lands were remote, and the city taxes too high for them to pay.

Keywords: Armstrong, Lucy B.; Barnett, James; Barnett, Matthew; Beaver, John; Indian lands; Johnson, Sarah; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Punch, Margaret; Solomon, Mary; Town companies; Walker, Lydia; Williams, Charlotte


Annual Message of Governor Medary
Authors: Medary, S. (Samuel) , 1801-1864
Date: January 3, 1860
Governor Medary addressed his annual message to the Council and House of Representatives of Kansas Territory from the executive office in Lecompton, Kansas Territory on January 3, 1860. At this point, the Wyandotte Constitution had been approved and was awaiting action by Congress. Medary outlined a number of issues that the legislature needed to resolve. These included the organization of counties and townships, setting interest rates, public schools, procedures for selling public lands, bank charters, a penitentiary, a territorial library, and railroads. He indicated that he believed a law passed by the last session of the legislature deprived many citizens of the right to vote that that law needed to be changed.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Laws; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Prisons; Railroads; Schools; Voting


Letter, R. G. Elliott to Dear Sister
Authors: Elliott, Robert G.
Date: January 24, 1860
Robert Elliott, former publisher of the Kansas Free State newspaper, wrote to his sister from Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Elliott told her that the Territorial legislature had just began its session, and he explained how it came to be held in Lawrence. He updated his sister on his current occupation as a Deputy at the Treasurer's office and cleared up a rumor that he had received $40,000 compensation for damages during the sack of Lawrence. He had only received $4,000, and he had immediately invested it in Territorial land warrants.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Elliott, Robert G.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Pikes Peak gold rush; Real estate investment; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Telegraph


Veto Message of Governor Medary, on the Bill Prohibiting Slavery in Kansas.
Authors: Medary, S. (Samuel) , 1801-1864
Date: February 20, 1860
Samuel Medary presented a very detailed message about why he was vetoring a bill prohibiting slavery in Kansas that had been passed by the territorial House of Representatives. This printed document contained a long discussion about the sovereignty (or lack thereof) by the federal government, territories and states and how that applied to the institution of slavery. He ultimately argued that the law passed contained no means of enforcement but only enacted the "declaratory" statement about slavery contained in the Wyandotte Constitution.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Slavery


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear John [John J. Brasee]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: May 19, 1860
Ewing wrote this letter to John J. Brasee of Lancaster, Ohio (Ewing's hometown), in response to an apparent inquiry into the grounds for and the chances of someone acquiring an easy divorce in K.T.

Keywords: Adultery; Brasee, John J.; Courts; Divorce; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Pettit, John; Wyandotte Constitution


Letter, G. M. Beebe to John Bayless Esq.
Authors: Beebe, George M.
Date: September 20, 1860
George Beebe, Territorial Secretary, wrote from Lecompton, Kansas Territory, to John Bayless, responding to Bayless' previous solicitation for his opinion. Beebe referred to an act of 1860 which would abolish all county offices, including the office of Superintendent of Schools, in his opinion. John Bayless was the first Superintendent of Schools in Doniphan County.

Keywords: Bayless, John; Beebe, George Monroe; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Schools


Members and officers of the legislative assembly of the territory of Kansas session of 1861
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1861
Lists members of the council and house of representatives and provides demographic information about each members.

Keywords: Deitzler, George W.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence Republican; Updegraff, W. W.; Winchell, J. M.


Governor's Annual Message
Authors: Beebe, George M.
Date: January 10, 1861
George Beebe assumed the title of Acting Governor of Kansas Territory upon the resignation of Samuel Medary. In this printed message from the Executive Office, Kansas Territory (Lecompton) to the territorial legislature, Beebe commented on Medary and other issues relating to Kansas Territory. He included information from the auditor about the amount of taxes that had been collected. He also referenced the pending dissolution of the Union and the "gloom" that brought to all.

Keywords: Beebe, George Monroe; Kansas Territory. Auditor; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lecompton, Kansas Territory


Letter, A. [Alexander] C. [Carraway] Spilman to S. [Samuel] N. Wood
Authors: Spillman, A. C.
Date: January 14, 1861
From Salina, A. C. Spilman wrote "as one of your [Wood's] constituents" regarding his opposition to a Junction City proposal that to change the boundary line between Dickinson and Davis counties so as to increase the size of the former at the expense of the latter. Spilman believed "A change in the lines of Dickinson would necessarily involve a change in the lines of Saline which is something that must not be done under any circumstances."

Keywords: County boundary lines; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Dickinson County, Kansas Territory; Junction City, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Salina, Kansas Territory; Saline County, Kansas Territory; Spilman, A. C.; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, S. P. Hartz to S. N. Wood, Esq.
Authors: Hartz, S. P.
Date: January 14, 1861
Hartz, a medical doctor, wrote to Wood from Allen, Breckinridge (Lyon) County, regarding the Woods' "sick son," but devoted most of his two page letter to a legislative issue--the proposal to make Allen the county seat of a new county.

Keywords: Allen, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); County seats; Hartz, S. P.; Illness; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Medicine; Town promotion; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Govr [Charles Robinson]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: January 24, 1861
This brief letter to Charles Robinson in Lawrence was to inform the "governor" of Ewing's activities on his behalf and to send him a copy of one of the half dozen or so letters Ewing had written in support of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs appointment. Letters reportedly went to Caleb B. Smith; John Sherman; Governors T. Corwin, William Dennison, and Salmon Chase; Joseph J. Coombs; and "Father," Thomas Ewing, Sr.

Keywords: Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873; Coombs, Joseph J.; Corwin, Thomas; Dennison, William, 1815-1882; Ewing, Faith; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Presidential appointments; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; Smith, Caleb B.; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; Washington, D.C.


Photograph, Gustave Colton
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Gustavus A. Colton was the speaker of the Territorial House of Representatives in 1860. He also served as assistant secretary of the Council from 1857 to 1858. He held numerous other elected and appointed offices.

Keywords: Colton, Gustavus A.; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, John Henry Stringfellow
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Henry Stringfellow was a resident of Atchison and a proslavery supporter. He was in charge of some of the territorial troops that were mentioned in the Strickler report on damages from altercations in Kansas Territory. He held several elective positions including Speaker of the House in the 1855 territorial legislature.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Card photographs; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Militia; Photographs and Illustrations; Proslavery activities; Proslavery supporters; Stringfellow, John H.


Photograph, Samuel Newitt Wood
Authors: Leonard & Martin, artists
Date: 
Samuel Newitt Wood was an active participant on behalf of the free state cause. He served in the territorial legislature and was a delegate to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He was also involved in some of the armed conflicts. He settled in Chase County, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Cartes de visite; Chase County, Kansas Territory; Constitutions; Free state supporters; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth Constitution; Leonard & Martin, artists; Photographs and Illustrations; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)


Photograph, Oscar E. Learnard
Authors: Mettner Studios of Lawrence
Date: 
Oscar E. Learnard came to Kansas from Vermont in the fall of 1855. He first settled in Lawrence, Kansas Territory, but later was one of the founders of Burlington in Coffey County, Kansas Territory in the spring of 1857. He served on the territorial council. He was president of the May 18, 1859, convention at Osawatimie where the Republican Part was organized. This photograph was taken later in his life by Mettner's Studio, Lawrence, Kansas.

Keywords: Burlington, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Photographs and Illustrations; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )


Photograph, Alfred Larzalere
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Alfred Larsalere of Doniphan County was active in free state politics including serving as speaker of the Kansas House in 1859 and a a delegate to the Leavenworth constitutional convention. He also was a member of the Free State Central committee.

Keywords: Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Free state supporters; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Larzalere, Alfred; Leavenworth Constitution; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, William Frederick Milton Arny
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
W. F. M. Arny was active in numerous territorial Kansas activities, serving as a general agent for the National Kansas Committee and as a delegate to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He was a member of the 1858 territorial legislature and the Topeka legislature.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Free state supporters; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; National Kansas Committee; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Augustus Wattles
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Augustus Wattles was an abolitionist who came to Kansas from Ohio in 1855. For a time he helped George Washington Brown publish the Herald of Freedom in Lawrence. In 1857, he was one of the founders of Moneka, Linn County, Kansas Territory. He was a supporter of John Brown and Brown stayed at his home several times after the Marais des Cygnes massacre. Wattles served in the territorial legislature in 1855.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Moneka, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Wattles, Augustus


Photograph, Robert B. Mitchell
Authors: Nichols, A. C., Photographer
Date: 
Robert B. Mitchell settled in Paris, Linn County, Kansas Territory, in 1856. He was born in Ohio and studied law. He was active in free state territorial politics. He served in the territorial House of Representatives in 1857 and 1858, was a member of the Leavenworth constitutional convention, and was appointed territorial treasurer on February 11, 1859. He was part of the free state supporters who followed Charles Hamilton and his band after the Marais des Cygnes massacre. After the territorial period he served as a brigadier general in the Second kansas volunteer cavalry and held the appointive post of governor of Nnew Mexico from 1866 to 1869.

Keywords: Constitutional conventions; Free state supporters; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Marais des Cygnes Massacre; Mitchell, Robert Byington; Paris, Kansas Territory


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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