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83 results for Hyatt, Thaddeus:
Letter, New York Kansas League to the Public
Authors: Lockwood, Roe (Pres. NY Kansas League)
Date: September 20, 1854
This letter, written by the New York Kansas League, was addressed to the public. The New York Kansas League encouraged people to emigrate to Kansas Territory, pledging to support anyone who decided to go to Kansas. It also gave details about the league and how to join. In addition, the letter discussed the problems of slavery.

Keywords: Antislavery; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Frontier; Lockwood, Roe; New York League; Slavery


History of Kanzas, also, Information Regarding Routes, Laws, etc.
Authors: Walter, George
Date: 1855
This history was written by George Walter, agent for the New York Kanzas League. The purpose of the League was to assist individuals and families to emigrate to Kansas and help provides reduced prices and other assistance. The office of the New York Kanzas League was located on the 3rd floor of No. 110 Broadway, New York City. Walter provided the information he thought emigrants to Kansas would need including descriptions of the situation in the territory, its climate, soil, rivers, and native products. He also gave information about industry in Kansas Territory, particularly the milling industry. He provided information on routes and supplies needed as well as a copy of the reemption law. The text of the Bill to organize the territories of Kansas and Nebraska was included on pages 24 through 48 of the pamphlet.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Free state cause; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Nebraska Act; Land acquisition; Landscape; New York; Preemption law United States; Settlement


Letters, by Thaddeus Hyatt (No. 3 and No. 4, incomplete)
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: 1856
These two excerpts of letters written by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, described the early workings of this committee and its work for the free state cause. Copy No. 3 discussed the "Tabernacle Committee" and the appropriation of side arms and Sharps rifles. Copy No. 4 referred to J.M. Winchell, authorizing him to make a withdrawal from the New York Kansas Fund. [The first page of the letters which is included in the text version was not scanned.]

Keywords: Firearms; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Sharps rifles; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Minutes, Kansas Relief Committee
Authors: National Kansas Committee
Date: June 9, 1856 - June 26, 1856
This document details the minutes of three meetings of the Kansas Relief Committee, otherwise known as the National Kansas Committee, held in 1856 on June 9th, June 21st, and June 26th. It also includes information about the membership of this emigrant aid company. The first of these meetings adopted resolutions to aid the plight of free-state settlers in Kansas Territory. Furthermore, the members of the committee decided to establish five thousand settlers in Kansas Territory and to give them a year's worth of provisions.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Border ruffians; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Relief Committee; Minutes; Missouri; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Relief funds


Letter, Peter Page to Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Page, Peter
Date: July 6, 1856
Peter Page wrote from Chicago, Illinois to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, concerning the shipment of relief to free-state settlers in Kansas Territory and the emigration of settlers into Kansas. The author wrote a lengthy account of the committee's frustrated attempts to arrange suitable transportation into the territory, since the water route on the Missouri River was unsafe due to persistent harassment from border ruffians.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Chicago, Illinois; Emigration and immigration; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Iowa; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lexington, Missouri; Missouri; Page, Peter; Violence


Letter, Thad [Thaddeus Hyatt] to Dear Al [A. L. Winans]
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: July 17, 1856
Thaddeus Hyatt, writing from Burlington, Iowa, to A. L. Winans, lamented the current situation in Kansas and the federal government's hostile attitude toward the free-state settlers in the territory. He also expressed his hatred for Southerners and his conviction that the issue of slavery in Kansas will be "one of blood." Hyatt was concerned that liberty would suffer at the hands of pro-slavery supporters, and he was eager to continue working diligently for the anti-slavery cause.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Emigration and immigration; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Sectionalism (United States); Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874; Winans, A. L.


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to Mr. [William F. M.] Arny (No. 2)
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: August 11, 1856
This letter was written from Niagara Falls by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, to his agent William F. M. Arny. The committee needed to release advertisements publicizing their upcoming meeting at Saratoga, New York, which was set for August 27, 1856. Hyatt emphasized the need for immediate action, stating that there "is no time to spare."

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Saratoga, New York; Smith, Gerritt


Letter, [Thaddeus] Hyatt to My dear Friend [Horace White] (No. 26); Telegraphic dispatches (No. 27 and No. 28)
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: August 19, 1856 - November 24, 1856
This copy of a letter, which is added onto the end of another copied letter, was addressed to Horace White and was written by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The letter began with a description of Hyatt's sleeping arrangements the past two nights, and then moved on to other personal matters. He concluded the letter with committee business, mentioning his fear that funds and provisions were not truly being handed out to the neediest settlers. He also detailed an encounter with Mr. Carpenter, whose mother was Clarina Nichols. At the end of the letter were copies of two telegraphic dispatches sent by Thaddeus Hyatt to William F. M. Arny, general agent for the committee, on November 22th and 24th. They both concern Dr. Root, who was involved in Kansas relief.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Carpenter, A.O.; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Central Committee; National Kansas Committee; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Sharps rifles; Telegraph


Letter, A. D. Searl to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Searl, Albert D.
Date: August 21, 1856
The author wrote from Tabor, Iowa to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. He began the letter by mentioning a skirmish between pro-slavery and free state forces somewhere between Lawrence and Topeka. This correspondence also deals with emigrant settlements within the territory, the shipment of weapons and provisions, and the morale among the emigrants as they struggled to make ends meet. Furthermore, Searl mentioned a great deal about James Lane and his activities within Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Big Blue, Kansas Territory; Blanchard, A. J.; Emigration and immigration; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Iowa City, Iowa; Lane Trail; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Law and Order Party; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Nebraska City, Nebraska Territory; Plattsmouth, Nebraska; Relief funds; Searl, Albert D.; Skirmishing; Topeka, Kansas


Receipts, Francis Tomes and Sons to Mr. T. Hyatt
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: August 22, 1856 - August 23, 1856
These two receipts, from Francis Tomes and Sons, New York, detail supplies acquired to benefit the free state cause. They include the prices of Bowie knives, Colt pistols, and other pieces pertaining to the use of firearms.

Keywords: Firearms; Guns; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Receipts; Relief; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to Wm. Barnes
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: September 14, 1856
Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to urge William Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee, to do everything in his power to provide aid to Kansas as quickly as possible.

Keywords: Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Election, Presidential, 1856; Free state support; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; New York State Kansas Committee


Letter, J. M. Winchell to My Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Winchell, James M., 1823-1877
Date: September 20, 1856
James M. Winchell wrote from Burlington to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, regarding an emigrant train of 500 settlers heading south from Iowa City. The author intended to travel to speak with Governor Geary before he met up with the emigrants. Winchell also included in this letter a private insert pertaining to his suspicions about the motivations of a newcomer named Dr. Root.

Keywords: Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Nebraska Territory; Relief; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Letter, A. S. Harris to Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Harris, A S.
Date: September 22, 1856
A.S. Harris wrote from New York to Thaddeus Hyatt regarding an article in the Journal of Commerce that dealt with the upcoming Presidential election and the strife in Kansas. The article included a rather lengthy attack on emigrant aid societies.

Keywords: Election, Presidential, 1856; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Free state perspective; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas question; United States. Constitution


Letter, Thomas M. Webb to Friend [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: September 24, 1856
In this letter, written in Boston, Massachusetts by Thomas Webb, the author stated his concerns about the outcome of the situation in Kansas. He did applaud the efforts of free state settlers to ensure the existence of liberty; however, he felt that not enough New Englanders were serious about keeping slavery out of Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Emigrant aid companies; Free state cause; Free state settlers; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; New York; Relief; Sectionalism (United States)


Letter, Clarina Nichols to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885
Date: October 4, 1856
This letter, written from Elmira, New York, provides a neat outline of Clarina Nichols' goals and motivations. It deals with her speaking engagements on the situation in Kansas, her goals for the future, her family, and her belief that Susan B. Anthony would be a great help to the free state cause.

Keywords: Anthony, Susan B.; Free state cause; Free state militia; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lectures; National Kansas Committee; New York; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Pennsylvania; Relief; Temperance movement; Women


Circular, An Appeal for Kansas
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: October 10, 1856
This letter was written by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, to the New York Tribune editor, who printed it in the paper. It was subtitled, "with practical suggestions for its relief." This committee, also known as the Kansas Relief Committee in its early years, sought to send free state settlers into Kansas Territory and to obtain support for Kansas from the Northeast.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Chicago, Illinois; Circulars; Clothing and dress; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Food; Free state perspective; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Relief Committee; National Kansas Committee; New York Tribune; Relief


Letter, C. I. H. Nichols to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885
Date: October 15, 1856
This brief letter, written by Clarina Nichols from Elmira, New York, informed Thaddeus Hyatt of her successful speaking tour in Pennsylvania. She was also eager to hear more details about the National Kansas Committee's work in the territory.

Keywords: Free state cause; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lectures; New York; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Pennsylvania; Women


Telegraphic Dispatch, Thaddeus Hyatt to T. W. Higginson
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: October 20, 1856
This telegraphic dispatch was sent from New York by Thaddeus Hyatt, to Thomas Higginson in Worcester, Massachusetts via the Union Telegraphic Company. Hyatt was eager to inform Higginson of an important meeting that he should consider attending if at all possible.

Keywords: Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Hyatt, Thaddeus; New York; Telegraph; Worcester, Massachusetts


Letter, ladies of Orange, N.J. to Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Ladies of Orange, New Jersey
Date: October 20, 1856
This letter, written by the ladies of Orange, N.J., informed Thaddeus Hyatt of their donations for the free state inhabitants of Kansas, including foodstuffs, a variety of clothing and sewing material. This is an excellent example of how women in New England supported the free state cause.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Emigrant aid companies; Free state cause; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Orange, New Jersey; Relief; Vegetables; Women


Letter, W. F. M. Arny to Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: October 23, 1856
W. F. M. Arny, an agent of the National Kansas Committee, wrote this letter to Thaddeus Hyatt while traveling on the Missouri River. The main focus of this letter revolved around committee business and the state of affairs in Kansas. During this visit to Kansas, Arny had reorganized the Kansas Central Committee in order to increase its efficiency, and he included in this letter a revised list of its officers and members. He also wrote about his conversation with Governor Geary concerning the various volunteer companies created by free state men. The letter ends with a brief description of the suffering of the settlers, their meager diet, and their desperate need for more provisions.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Border ruffians; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Chicago, Illinois; Clothing and dress; Economic conditions; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Election, Presidential, 1856; Firearms; Food; Free state militia; Free state perspective; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Guns; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Illness; Kansas Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Money; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Relief funds; Sickness (see Illness); Topeka, Kansas; Violence; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, M. C. Dickey to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Dickey, Milton C.
Date: October 23, 1856
This letter to Thaddeus Hyatt of the National Kansas Committee, written by Milton Dickey from Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, informed Hyatt of Dickey's journey west. The author described the hardships endured by Kansas settlers, as well as the enthralling tale of a free state man who escaped from the prison at Lecompton.

Keywords: Cannons; Dickey, Milton C.; Donalson, Israel B.; Emigration and immigration; Firearms; Free state perspective; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Mt. Pleasant, Iowa; Prisoners; Prisons; Relief; Root, Joseph P., 1826-1885; Sharps rifles; Slavery; United States. Army


Advertisement, Contributions for Kansas--Clothing and Provisions
Authors: National Kansas Committee
Date: c. October 1856
This advertisement was attached to a receipt for the placement of a notice in the New York Times. The advertisement included information about how the people of New England could aid the fight for freedom in Kansas--both with funds and with labor. It also gave the names of National Kansas Committee members and an address for their New York office.

Keywords: Advertisements; Boston, Massachusetts; Clothing and dress; Dana, Charles A.; Emigrant aid companies; Free state activities; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Ketchum, Edgar; Lockwood, Roe; McNamee, Theodore; National Kansas Committee; New York; Relief; Relief funds


Letter, S. Chamberlin to Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Chamberlin, S.
Date: November 3, 1856
This letter, written by S. Chamberlin, President of the LeRoy Kansas Aid Society, was addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, chairman of the National Kansas Committee. This aid society in LeRoy, New York, was formed after a lecture presented by H.D. Northrup, an agent of the National Kansas Committee. The author immensely praised the speaking abilities of Northrup, likening him to the great orator Henry Clay. Chamberlin was firmly convinced that, if Northrup canvassed the North, he would be able to stir the hearts of Northerners in support of free state cause. This society also collected clothing and money to send to the free state settlers in Kansas.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Clothing and dress; Free state cause; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lectures; National Kansas Committee; Northrup, H.D.; Relief; Relief funds


Letter, John R. Everett to Kansas Central Committee
Authors: Everett, John R.
Date: November 5, 1856
This letter, written by John Everett from Osawatomie, described the wounds suffered by George Cutter the day before the battle of Osawatomie. Everett and his family had cared for Mr. Cutter for about ten weeks and desired some monetary compensation for their efforts. An annotation added in 1895 by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, demonstrated Hyatt's annoyance that this letter presented a $60 bill for services rendered. There is also another annotation from 1895 referring to Hyatt's travels in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Brown, Frederick; Cutter, George; Everett, John R.; Free state militia; Herald of Freedom; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Central Committee; Medicine; Money; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Sears, W. A.; Violence; Wattles, Augustus; Wounds and injuries


Letter, Samuel C. Smith to Dear Friend [Rev. T. W. Higginson]
Authors: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: November 26, 1856
This letter, written from Lawrence, Kansas Territory by Samuel Smith, was addressed to Rev. T. W. Higginson of Worcester, Massachusetts. The letter began with several small matters regarding aid for Kansas, and then turned quickly to the most recent events in the struggle between proslavery and free state forces. Apparently, thirty two of the free state prisoners held by U. S. troops at Tecumseh had managed to escape, and Smith rather sarcastically commented that the troops had done a favor to "Uncle Sam" by relieving the government of the cost of supporting all those prisoners. The author also spoke of [Thaddeus] Hyatt's presence in the territory, and of George Washington Brown, editor of the Herald of Freedom. He also informed Higginson that Col. Eldridge and Thomas Eldridge have had complaints filed against them, stating that "nature never designed them for distributions of charity." The letter concludes with information regarding land sales in Leavenworth, and the founding of a new city, Quindaro. In general, Smith's writing style is quite humorous, as well as informative.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Donalson, Israel B.; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Eldridge, Thomas B.; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Central Committee; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Prisoners; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Relief; Smith, Samuel C.; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Titus, Henry Theodore; Town development; United States. Army; Worcester, Massachusetts


Letter, Elias D. Porter to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Porter, Elias D.
Date: November 27, 1856
Elias Porter, writing from Oriskany, New York, informed Thaddeus Hyatt, chairman of the National Kansas Committee, about a box of provisions sent to W. F. M. Arny, an agent with this committee. The letter includes an itemized list of the materials send to aid the free state settlers residing in Kansas.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Clothing and dress; House furnishings; Hyatt, Thaddeus; New York; Porter, Elias D.; Relief


Testimony of S. H. Moore
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: November 28, 1856
This testimony made up a portion of the Journal of Investigations in Kansas, a collection of personal reminiscences that was apparently recorded by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. This particular account relates the experience of S. H. Moore, a resident of Ottawa, Kansas Territory. Mr. Moore describes the land, vegetation, etc. around Ottawa and mentions various settlers from the area.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Crops; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Moore, S. H.; National Kansas Committee; Ottawa, Kansas Territory; Postal service


Account Book, 1856-57
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 1856 - April 1857
This cloth bound journal, identified as "Dr. Chas Robinson Account Book, 1856-1866," contains territorial entries for 1856 and 1857 only--entries such as, "S. W. Simpson To Joel Walker For Draft (for the purchase of land)" for $500 and "Notes Receivable // To Sales of Stock // For Thaddeus Hyatt's Note . . . The understanding is that Hyatt shall not receive his certificate for shares until he has put on the Kaw River a Steamboat of 40 tons buthen, worth $5000., and suitable to navigating the Kaw River."

Keywords: Account books; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Financial statements; Grover, Joel; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Steamboats; Walker, Joel; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, H. B. Hurd to Dear Sir [Theodore Hyatt]
Authors: Hurd, H. B.
Date: December 1, 1856
This letter was written by the secretary of the National Kansas Committee, H. B. Hurd, to Theodore Hyatt, whose brother was chairman of this committee. The most noteworthy aspect of the letter is the letterhead, which included a listing of the members of the committee, the executive officers, and their hometowns. It also included the address of their Chicago office.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Barnard, S. S.; Cabot, Samuel; Clark, W. Penn; Dole, G. W.; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Gordon, Alex; Hoppin, W. H.; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Hunt, F. A.; Hurd, H. B.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; National Kansas Committee; Reader, A. H.; Russell, W. H.; Scammon, J. Young; Stanley, W. H.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Tweedy, J. H.; Webster, J. D.; White, Horace; Wright, John W.


Testimony of S. P. Hand
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: December 2, 1856
This testimony, a part of the Journal of Investigations in Kansas, was apparently collected by the president of the National Kansas Committee, Thaddeus Hyatt. It relates the tale of S. P. Hand, a soldier in the free state militia who took part in the battle of Fort Titus and was captured at the battle of Hickory Point. His account provides a great deal of information regarding troop movements and the workings of the free state militia.

Keywords: Battles; Border disputes and warfare; Central Relief Committee; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Fort Saunders, Kansas Territory (see also Camp Saunders); Fort Titus, Battle of; Free state militia; Hand, S. P.; Harvey, James A.; Hickory Point, Battle of; Hoyt, David Starr; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Prisoners; Shombre, Henry J.; Skirmishing; Titus, Henry Theodore


Testimony of Thomas Bedoe
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: December 2, 1856
The testimony of Thomas Bedoe, a portion of the Journal of Investigations of Kansas, was apparently collected by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. It describes in detail the time Mr. Bedoe spent serving in the free state militia in the Osawatomie and Lawrence areas. He was a part of the Battle of Osawatomie and this account provides valuable information about the events preceding the battle.

Keywords: Battles; Bedoe, Thomas; Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Fort Saunders, Kansas Territory (see also Camp Saunders); Free state activities; Free state militia; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Shombre, Henry J.; Shore, Samuel T.; Skirmishing; Stanton, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas


Testimonies of Nathaniel Parker, Horace L. Dunnell, Hinton S. Dunnell, Alexander MacArthur, James Hall, Jerome Hazen, and Charles Henry Caulkins
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: December 5, 1856 - December 7, 1856
These testimonies, presumably taken down on paper by Thaddeus Hyatt of the National Kansas Committee, include personal information about each settler, such as their age, occupation, etc., as well as their experiences in Kansas and their involvement in border warfare and skirmishes with pro-slavery settlers. Each account is descriptive and provides tremendous detail about their individual experiences. The testimonies of MacArthur, Hall, and Hazen are combined into one, with this group testimony split into two separate sections.

Keywords: Battles; Black Jack, Battle of; Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Caulkins, Charles Henry; Cutter, Calvin M.; Dunnell, Hinton S.; Dunnell, Horace L.; Firearms; Fort Titus, Battle of; Free state militia; Free state perspective; Guns; Hall, James; Harvey, James A.; Hazen, Jerome; Hickory Point, Battle of; Hoyt, David Starr; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Iowa; Iowa City, Iowa; Jones, John Tecumseh (Tauy); Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; MacArthur, Alexander; Missouri River; Parker, Nathaniel; Prisoners; Prisons; Proslavery activities; Skirmishing; Violence; Walker, Samuel Douglas; Weapons (see also Guns); Weston, Missouri; Wounds and injuries


Testimony of Capt. Thomas Bickerton
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: December 5, 1856 - December 12, 1856
This testimony, taken down by Thaddeus Hyatt as part of the Journal of Investigations in Kansas, is divided into two parts. It begins with descriptions of his life before he came to Kansas Territory and his efforts to set up a claim outside of Lawrence, including his technique for building his sod house. Thomas Bickerton was a well traveled individual and an influential commander of a free state artillery company. He was involved in skirmishes with border ruffians and in the attack on Franklin. Also, General James Lane sent him to Kansas City to obtain a brass howitzer (later known as the Abbott howitzer) for use against the proslavery forces.

Keywords: Abbott howitzer; Barber, Thomas W.; Bickerton, Thomas; Border disputes and warfare; Buffum, David C.; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Franklin buildings; Free state militia; Houses; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missourians; Roberts, William Young; Sawmills; Skirmishing; Topliff, Charles W.


Receipt, C. I. H. Nichols
Authors: Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885
Date: December 6, 1856
This receipt, given to Clarina Nichols by her audience in Naples, New York, declares that the thirty-six dollars she received after her speaking engagement was for Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. Nichols had been giving lectures on the free state cause as an agent of this emigrant aid company.

Keywords: Hyatt, Thaddeus; New York; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Receipts


Testimony of James H. Holmes
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: December 8, 1856
This testimony of James Holmes is a portion of the Journal of Investigations in Kansas, a collection of personal stories recorded by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. Mr. Holmes had studied agricultural chemistry before entering Kansas Territory, and his initial reason for emigrating was his desire to undertake agricultural experiments. He had also intended to join with Clubbs Vegetarian Settlement, which was located on the Neosho River near the north line of the Osage Reserve. He goes into detail about the Neosho valley and its vegetation, mineral deposits, etc. The rest of his account deals with his involvement in the free state militia and his role in defending Osawatomie.

Keywords: Agriculture; Border disputes and warfare; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Cline, Captain; Emigration and immigration; Free state militia; Harvey, James A.; Holmes, James H.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missourians; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Shore, Samuel T.; Skirmishing; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.; Violence


Letter, Harriet S. Crandall to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Crandall, Harriet S.
Date: December 17, 1856
This letter, written by Harriet S. Crandall from Alfred Centre, New York, gives an idea of Clarina Nichols' involvement in the free state cause, specifically her lectures to the public. After hearing one of these lectures, six ladies from this town were appointed to oversee the collection of relief funds for free state settlers in Kansas. They had already collected clothing, bedding, and money for the cause.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Crandall, Harriet S.; House furnishings; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lectures; Money; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Relief funds


Letter, S. L. Adair to W. F. M. Arny
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: December 18, 1856
Arny was a representative of the National Kansas Committee and Adair was inquiring about various boxes and money that had been sent to the committee in Chicago for forwarding to people in Osawatomie. Adair also seemed to be responding to a request for information from Arny about settlers from Wisconsin in the Osawatomie area and also members of the Eldridge-Pomeroy party. Adair provided information on James Fuller, Thomas Roberts, Joseph Lawes and William and Wakeman (?) Partridge. He listed the names of four men who came with Eldridge and Pomeroy but provided no additional information. He also noted that he loaned Mr. Hyatt $50 and had an "order" for Arny to reimburse him.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Free state settlers; Fuller, James; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawes, Joseph; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Partridge, William; Relief; Roberts, Thomas; Wisconsin


Letter, A. Finch to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Finch, H.
Date: December 22, 1856
This letter, written from Osawatomie by A. Finch to Thaddeus Hyatt, chairman of the National Kansas Committee, provided general information about the inhabitants of Osawatomie and neighboring areas. It included a list of about half of the settlers residing in Osawatomie at this time, including the four pro-slavery voters. Mr. Finch went into detail about the most fertile areas that would be excellent sites for free state settlements, and about the economic conditions and financial needs of the settlers.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Agriculture; Chestnut, William; Churches; Economic conditions; Emigration and immigration; Finch, H.; Geer, Samuel; Hawley, John H.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Mills and mill-work; Money; Natural resources; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Sears, W. A.; Settlement; Storrs, N. S.; Timber; Town settlement; Updegraff, Andrew


Letter from National Kansas Committee
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: 1856
This was a generic solicitation letter seeking money, supplies, and settlers. It mentioned Col. Buford's expedition to Kansas and speculated on Southern motives with regard to Kansas.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; Emigration and immigration; Food; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Hurd, H. B.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas State Central Committee; Money; National Kansas Committee; New York; Relief; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Kansas Experience of George Cutter
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: January 1, 1857
This reminiscence is presumably from the Journal of Investigations in Kansas, which was compiled by the National Kansas Committee under the leadership of Thaddeus Hyatt. George Cutter was with Frederick Brown shortly before the Battle of Osawatomie, and like Brown, he was wounded during an altercation with border ruffians. While he was not directly involved in this battle, this reminiscence is still a rather fascinating account.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Agriculture; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Battles; Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Brown, Frederick; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Casualties; Cutter, George; Darrach, Barstow; Everett, John R.; Fort Titus, Battle of; Franklin, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Free state perspective; Gillpatrick, Rufus; Horses; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Land claims; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Reid, John W.; Sears, W. A.; Shore, Samuel T.; Skirmishing; Topeka, Kansas; Violence; Violent deaths; Weapons (see also Guns); White, Martin; Wounds and injuries


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to My Dear Cleaveland
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: January 4, 1857
This rather inspiring letter, written by Thaddeus Hyatt while traveling in Kansas, demonstrates Hyatt's commitment to the National Kansas Committee and his passion for the free state cause. Apparently there was some sort of conflict within the committee that threatened its ability to function, but nevertheless Hyatt was determined to aid the struggling free state settlers in Kansas. He spoke in great detail about some of his travels around the territory, including the inclement weather and his perspective on the pro-slavery and free state settlers that he encountered during his stay.

Keywords: Bickerton, Thomas; Food; Free state cause; Free state settlers; Horses; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Central Committee; Little Osage River, Kansas Territory; Marais des Cygnes River; National Kansas Committee; Proslavery settlers; Relief; Settlement; Weather


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to Dear Sir [Amos Lawrence]
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: February 11, 1857
This letter was written from New York by the president of the National Kansas Committee, Thaddeus Hyatt. He was writing to Amos Lawrence about the committee's efforts to relieve the suffering of free state settlers in Kansas Territory. Apparently, a shipment of clothing to Kansas contained a number of articles that were well worn and of little use. Hyatt also spoke of the need for agricultural implements, cattle, and seeds to end the suffering of the settlers.

Keywords: Agricultural implements; Cabot, Samuel; Clothing and dress; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Loans; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Relief funds; Seeds


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: May 18, 1857
This brief letter from Samuel Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee was dated May 18, [1857), from Boston, Massachusetts. Among other business matters, he reported the fact that the two men now owned "one half of the 'Squatter Sovereign' (Stringfellows organ)" and "[Robert] McBratney of Ohio owns the other half--We have hoisted a Free State Flag!"

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Boston, Massachusetts; Business enterprises; Free state; Freedom's Champion; Hyatt, Thaddeus; McBratney, Robert; Proslavery; Squatter Sovereign; Stringfellow, John H.


Letter, E. B. Whitman to My dear [Franklin B.] Sanborn
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: May 18, 1857
In his May 18 report to Franklin Sanborn, agent Whitman of Lawrence again cast shame on Massachusetts for its failure to provided needed financial support for the cause in Kansas but focused on his efforts to provide aid for "the school project." Whitman claimed credit for establishing both an elementary school and a high school, the latter of which "is fast becoming a Model," and he hoped his financing would not disappear. He also comments on the political situation, especially the fact that Charles Robinson had "to a large extent" lost the "confidence" of the people.

Keywords: Chicago, Illinois; Education; Free state support; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; National Kansas Committee; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; Topeka Legislature (see Free state legislature); Whitman, E. B.


Agreement, between Pomeroy and Theodore Hyatt
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: June 29, 1857
"This agreement made this 29th day of June 1857 Between Samuel C. Pomeroy of the City of Atchison Kansas Territory. . .and Theodore Hyatt of the City of New York" addressed the conveyance of certain portions of city lots in Atchison and other land to the latter, as well as "one half of said Pomeroy's interest in the Squatter Sovereign," etc. In exchange Pomeroy received several thousand dollars.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Speculation; Squatter Sovereign; Town lots


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear Hyatt [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: August 17, 1857
In this letter, written from Atchison, Pomeroy covered a wide range of subjects pertaining to his correspondent and business partner, Thaddeus Hyatt. He explained issues having to do with the "grading" of lots on the levee owned by Theodore Hyatt and also matters pertaining to railroad subscriptions and German immigration to Atchison.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Businessmen; Emigration and immigration; Germans; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Railroads design and construction; Town lots


Kansas Experience of William Beh
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: c. 1857
This testimony, presumably from the Journal of Investigations in Kansas, was most likely recorded on paper by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. This particular testimony is a very brief account of William Beh's experiences during the turbulent times of 1856 and 1857. It includes information about his claim on the south fork of Pottawatomie Creek and his involvement in the militia as a member of Capt. Samuel Anderson's company. He also requests aid, because he has been sick for three or four months.

Keywords: Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Anderson, Samuel; Beh, William; Border disputes and warfare; Free state militia; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory


Residents on Big Sugar Creek
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: c. 1857
This account contains the names and origins of both free state and pro slavery settlers that lived on Big Sugar Creek. The document begins with a brief description of the area and mentions particular cases of settlers who had noteworthy experiences. Of the 25 pro slavery residents, two owned slaves. It was presumably collected by Thaddeus Hyatt or some other member of the National Kansas Committee.

Keywords: African Americans; Big Sugar Creek, Kansas Territory; Emigration and immigration; Free state settlers; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Proslavery settlers; Slaves


Residents on Lost Creek, a tributary of the Little Osage
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857
This document lists the names and origins of the proslavery and free state settlers that lived along Lost Creek, on the north edge of Bourbon County. The first page details information about specific families in the area and states that Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, made arrangements to aid those settlers who are listed as being "in distress."

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Emigration and immigration; Free state settlers; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Little Osage River, Kansas Territory; Lost Creek, Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Proslavery settlers


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: March 6, 1858
This letter from Pomeroy to Hyatt was written from the Planters House hotel in Leavenworth on March 6, 1858 (not 1859, as marked) and deals with a variety of subjects, financial and political. Pomeroy began with comments on banking, property, and railroad promotion, and ends with observations about Kansas politics and the Lecompton Constitution, which he believed was finished. "Kansas is as sure to freedom as Plymouth Rock." Even if the proslave constitution passed Congress, all it would do is re-ignite the forces of freedom: "Kansas is safe to the free state party. So don't spend any more time , strength or money about it. The victory is won! . . .The millennium for the free labor interests of the Country will begin in 1860!"

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Banks and banking; Free State Party; Free labor; Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton Constitution; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Squatter Sovereign; Town lots


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear Sir [perhaps, Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: March 10, 1858
On "Kaw Valley Bank" letterhead, Pomeroy wrote regarding the establishment of the bank in Atchison of which Pomeroy was president. The letter appears to be to Thaddeus Hyatt as he makes reference to New York City, which Pomeroy jokingly said was "too far from Kansas to make much of a town."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Banks and banking; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kaw Valley Bank; New York; Specie (see Money)


Letter, Richard Realf to Gentlemen [Geo. L. Stearns, Franklin B. Sanborn, et al.]
Authors: Realf, Richard , 1834-1878
Date: May 29, 1858
Richard Realf, a native of England and John Brown lieutenant, wrote to Stearns, et al, after the "temporary postponement of a certain enterprise," to solicit their financial backing of a fund raising trip to England that Realf proposed to undertake during the months before operations resume. He was confident that $2,000 could be raised without revealing any details of future plans.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Canada; England; Finance; Free state supporters; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Newspapers - Free State; Nute, Ephraim; Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893; Realf, Richard , 1834-1878; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Wattles, Augustus; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, John N. Gardner to Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Gardner, John N.
Date: January 9, 1859
This letter, written from Buffalo by John N. Gardner, is addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. Mr. Gardner related the tale of Mrs. H.G. Hyzen of Waitsfield, Vermont, an ardent supporter of John Brown who claimed to have a clairvoyant vision of him in his prison cell. The entire letter is a passionate piece of correspondence, speaking frequently of liberty and the "Total Annihilation of that Scourge of Humanity, Human Slavery." The letter also mentioned other abolitionists--Henry C. Wright and Mrs. Child--who wrote letters to John Brown.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Antislavery perspective; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Charles Town, Virginia; Gardner, John N.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Prisoners; Prisons; Slavery; Vermont; Waitsfield, Vermont


Letter, E. B. Whitman to Friend [Franklin] Sanborn
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: February 26, 1859
National Kansas Committee agent Whitman wrote to Sanborn from Lawrence with disturbing news about "John Brown's proceedings." Brown had been accused by Democrats during the previous legislative session of "subsisting upon the proceeds of notes given for seeds and clothing," and initially Whitman defended Brown against these charges--to Whitman's dismay, he later found them to be true. Whitman seemed sincere in his desire not to believe the worst about the man he had aided for several years, but he was at a loss for an adequate explanation for Brown's action under the guise of an agent of the National Kansas Committee.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Conway, Martin Franklin; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Territory. Legislature - Lawrence; National Kansas Committee; Relief funds; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Smith, Gerritt; Whitman, E. B.


Reports from Eureka Township, Greenwood County, etc.
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1860
This document contained additional reports of conditions in various counties during the drought of 1860. It consisted of letters that W. F. M. Arny copied and sent to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The reports were submitted by Josiah G. Fuller, James Whary, and Henry Brock, Eureka, Greenwood County; W. A. Harris and A. L Williams, Cottonwood Falls, Chase County; H. H. George, W. Wendell, and R. W. Cloud, Waterloo, Breckenridge County; I. P. Herrick, Iowa Township, Doniphan County; G. S. Northrup, J. H. Spicey, and A. G. Carpenter, Geneva Township, Allen County; and Charles P. Twiss, Cofachique Township, Allen County. The reports described prospects for crops and other conditions resulting from the prolonged drought.

Keywords: Agriculture; Allen County, Kansas Territory; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Brock, Henry; Carpenter, A. G.; Chase County, Kansas Territory; Cloud, R. W.; Cofachique Township, Allen County, Kansas Territory; Cottonwood Falls, Kansas Territory; Crops; Droughts; Eureka, Kansas Territory; Famines; Fuller, Josiah G.; Geneva Township, Allen County, Kansas Territory; George, H. H.; Grain; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Harris, W. A.; Herrick, I. P.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Livestock; Northrup, G. S.; Relief; Spicey, J. H.; Twiss, Charles P.; Wendell, W.; Whary, James; Williams, A. L.


Letter, Theodore Hyatt to S. C. Pomeroy
Authors: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: March 5, 1860
In this letter, Theodore Hyatt wrote from New York to S. C. Pomeroy regarding land transactions and railroads. Theodore also mentioned his brother, Thaddeus Hyatt, who was going to appear in Washington to make an argument before the Senate. This most likely referred to the repercussions facing Thaddeus due to his support of John Brown.

Keywords: Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroads


Letter, Theodore Hyatt to My good friend [W. F. M.] Arny
Authors: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: March 21, 1860
Theodore Hyatt of New York wrote this letter to W. F. M. Arny, an agent of the National Kansas Committee and friend of his brother, Thaddeus Hyatt. The main focus of the letter revolved around his brother Thaddeus, who was currently involved in a struggle with the government over whether or not he would testify in court regarding his support of John Brown. Theodore wrote, "I much fear my good brother has an exaggerated conception of the importance of his position." Apparently, he felt that his brother was attempting to make himself a martyr. The letter also included a brief mention of problems with freightage to Atchison and the competition between Atchison and Leavenworth.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Freight and freightage; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Prisons; Railroads; Russell, Majors, and Waddell


Letter, Theodore [Hyatt] to Dear Brother [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: March 27, 1860
This letter, written by Theodore Hyatt of New York, was sent to his brother Thaddeus, president of the National Kansas Committee. The main purpose of the letter was to keep Thaddeus informed about business dealings in Atchison, Kansas Territory. S.C. Pomeroy and Benjamin Stringfellow were attempting to attract the freighting business to Atchison through "inducements" in the form of town lots. However, the letter also discussed the current situation, since Thaddeus had been imprisoned in Washington D.C. for aiding John Brown and collecting funds to support the Brown family after John's death in 1859. Theodore briefly mentioned that he was "laying low" on that issue until he could collect all the funds obtained and pay it to Thaddeus.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Prisons; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; Town lots


Letter, Theodore Hyatt to Mrs. S. C. [Lucy] Pomeroy
Authors: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: April 12, 1860
Theodore Hyatt of New York wrote this letter to Lucy Pomeroy, the wife of S. C. Pomeroy, concerning business affairs and life in Atchison, Kansas Territory. He expressed his hope that the railroad troubles had been resolved, and thanked Mrs. Pomeroy for inviting Theodore Hyatt, Jr. to come visit the Pomeroy family in Kansas. The letter concluded with a brief mention of his brother, Thaddeus Hyatt, who was still imprisoned in Washington Jail. According to Theodore, Thaddeus "appears to enjoy his condition exceedingly" and is feeling better every day.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, Lucy Gaylord; Pony express; Railroads; Russell, Majors, and Waddell; St. Joseph, Missouri


Resolution, Quindaro Common Council
Authors: Quindaro Common Council
Date: March 13, 1860
Date March 13, 1860, this "preamble and resolutions" discussed the current situation with regard to railroad developments and appointed Thaddeus Hyatt and Charles Robinson agents for the city to secure a land grant from the Congress to facilitate railroad construction through their town and beyond.

Keywords: Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Land grants; Missouri River; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies; Railroad land grants; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Congress


Letter, Richard J. Hinton to My Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Hinton, R. J.
Date: May 25, 1860
This letter was written by R. J. Hinton to Thaddeus Hyatt while Hyatt was imprisoned in Washington D.C. In the letter, Hinton applauded Hyatt's commitment to the cause of freedom and assured him that his efforts would not be forgotten. It was written on the back of an announcement for a political anti-slavery convention to be held in Boston.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Boston, Massachusetts; Hinton, Richard Josiah; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Prisons; United States Government


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to the New York Tribune (Copy No. 1)
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: August 24, 1860
This copy was titled "Thaddeus Hyatt's Letters from Kansas, The fact of the Drougth. Introduction of the facts, an appeal and an apology!" Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, was trying to dispel information coming from Leavenworth that reported that conditions in Kansas were being exaggerated. He felt efforts to deny "the present deplorable condition of things" were motivated by economic concerns. Hyatt wrote that they suffered because of the drought, not their own actions, and that the free North should aid them. The letter was well written and contained a great deal of emotional rhetoric. The letter was copied (by hand) by W. F. M. Arny. The last page of the letter elaborated on its origins.

Keywords: Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Herald; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; National politics; New York Tribune; Newspapers; Relief; Relief funds


Letter, Theodore [Hyatt] to Dear Brother [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: September 4, 1860
This letter was written by Theodore Hyatt of New York to his brother Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. Theodore rather vehemently berated his brother for his business dealings in Kansas--Theodore had negative experiences with investors and was not willing to lay himself on the line again. He also wrote that he "will not invest another dime in that miserable, God-forsaken country" called Kansas Territory. The rest of the letter discusses bank accounts and financial matters, in addition to a brief mention of a horse that Theodore purchased from S.C. Pomeroy.

Keywords: Businessmen; Economic development; Finance; Horses; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Property disputes


Letter, James W. Randall to Mr. Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Randall, James W.
Date: September 12, 1860
In this letter, James Randall of Emporia, Kansas informed Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, of the drought's effect on the neighboring population. Many families were destitute after the failure of the corn crop and were considering leaving their homes altogether. Mr. Randall hoped that Mr. Hyatt could send aid for the starving settlers.

Keywords: Americus Township, Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Business; Chase County, Kansas Territory; Clothing and dress; Crops; Droughts; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Land claims; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Randall, James W.; Relief


Letter, J.M. Rankin to Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Rankin, J. M.
Date: September 14, 1860
J.M. Rankin wrote this letter from Emporia, Kansas Territory to Thaddeus Hyatt, chairman of the National Kansas Committee. It discussed how the drought of 1860 was affecting Emporia and expressed thanks for the support of the National Kansas Committee.

Keywords: Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Droughts; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Grain; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Rankin, J.M.; Relief; Timber


Letter, A. Venard, MD to Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Venard, A.
Date: October 3, 1860
This letter is from A. Venard, a medical doctor from Pleasant Grove, Kansas Territory who wrote to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The letter dealt with the sickness and disease that plagued the settlers along the Verdigris River in southeast Kansas. Dr. Venard had worked diligently to aid the settlers, even using funds from his own pocket to purchase medicine, but he requested that the committee give him 100 dollars worth of drugs. Attached to this letter is an itemized listing of the drugs that he would like to be purchased with those funds.

Keywords: Diseases; Health; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Medicine; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Sickness (see Illness); Vegetables; Venard, A.


Letter, Theodore Hyatt to My good friend [W. F. M. Arny]
Authors: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: October 5, 1860
Theodore Hyatt of New York wrote to W. F. M. Arny concerning railroads and business in Atchison. Apparently, Theodore had been taking part in some speculation and investing and was not pleased with the results. He wrote that "Kansas would prove the grave-yard of all our earnings and expectations." He also spoke of town lots in Atchison, particularly one lot that he had received from Mr. Fairchild.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Businessmen; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Railroads; Town lots


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: October 10, 1860
In this letter, S. C. Pomeroy wrote from Atchison, Kansas to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The letter revolved around the suffering of the settlers and their desperate search for provisions and employment. Pomeroy also mentioned the prospect of obtaining a large amount of buffalo meat, as well as the failed corn crop and the generally destitute condition of the settlers. He truly feared for the lives of the settlers during the upcoming winter.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Bison; Crops; Economic conditions; Elmore, Rush; Famines; Food; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Grain; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Topeka, Kansas; Vegetables


Article, "The Drouth and Famine in Kansas"
Authors: New York Daily Tribune
Date: October 10, 1860
This newspaper article, published in the New York Daily Tribune from October 10, 1860, outlined the basic details of the suffering and destitution of settlers in Kansas. It also included reprints of two circulars originating from Kansas Territory. One was from the Presbytery of Highland, and the other was from the Central Relief Committee based in Leavenworth. The first reprinted circular provided information about the dire situation and gave the names of the members of this committee. The second circular requested that the elders and deacons of each church in Kansas ascertain how many families needed immediate assistance in order to present a full report to the Central Relief Committee.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Central Relief Committee; Churches; Clothing and dress; Crops; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Food; Grain; Highland, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Presbyterian Church; Reaser, Rev. J. G.; Relief; Relief funds; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to James Buchanan
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: October 16, 1860
Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, wrote this letter to the President of the United States in an effort to obtain assistance for the suffering inhabitants of Kansas. He described in detail the needs of the settlers, including their lack of adequate winter clothing and the scarcity of food. According to his personal observations, Hyatt concluded that the only options left to Kansas settlers were exodus or starvation. He also asked that all government lands be removed from the market, especially those in the New York Indian Reserve.

Keywords: Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Diseases; Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Food; Health; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Indian reserves; Relief; Sickness (see Illness)


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: November 2, 1860
This letter was written to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, by S. C. Pomeroy regarding their relief efforts during the drought of 1860. Pomeroy mentioned in this letter a convention that was called to meet in Lawrence on November 14, 1860. He pasted the advertisement for this convention to the first page of the letter, it had been published in the (Leavenworth?) Daily Times on October 31, 1860.

Keywords: Droughts; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Mr. Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: November 4, 1860
This letter, written from Atchison by Samuel Pomeroy, was addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. Pomeroy informed Hyatt of the desperate need for aid, and he related the tale of a young woman who came to him seeking help for their starving families. He also spoke of a man from Eureka who rode 160 miles to obtain bread for himself and his neighbors. Pomeroy promised Hyatt that he would continue to send reports and updates.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Famines; Grain; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poverty; Relief


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: November 5, 1860
This letter, written by S. C. Pomeroy from Atchison, Kansas Territory, sought to inform Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, of the destitution in Kansas. Pomeroy was keeping Hyatt apprised of the dire situation, and he spoke of relief committees being formed in Leavenworth and Lawrence. Pomeroy also related the tales of specific individuals, such as John Roberts from Chelsea and Mrs. Johnson, a widow with five children.

Keywords: Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poor; Poverty; Relief


Minutes, meetings "on the behalf of sufferers in Kansas"
Authors: Denison, Joseph
Date: December 3, 1860
Joseph Denison recorded minutes of preliminary meetings that organized efforts to raise money and donations on behalf of the citizens of Kansas Territory, who had suffered as a result of severe drought. He also composed an announcement entitled "The Kansas Famine", which predicted that at least 30,000 in the Territory would "inevitably perish during the coming winter" were help not secured.

Keywords: Beecher, Henry Ward; Denison, Joseph; Droughts; Economic conditions; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Minutes; Poverty; Relief


Letter, Augustus Wattles to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Wattles, Augustus
Date: December 3, 1860
This letter, written from New York by Augustus Wattles, was addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The main focus of the letter was on two proslavery men--Captain Doake and General Clark--who persisted in mistreating free state settlers along the Missouri-Kansas border. The letter also referred to Charles Jennison and to James Montgomery, whose band of free state militiamen was still active even into 1860. Wattles vehemently maintained that free state forces were only organizing for their own protection, not for a great insurrection as the Missourians believed.

Keywords: Barber, Thomas W.; Border disputes and warfare; Clarke, George W.; Doak, William H.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Land sales; Missourians; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Wattles, Augustus


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to My dear good friend [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: December 3, 1860
This letter was written by S. C. Pomeroy of the Kansas Relief Committee, one of several aid committees that had been formed to ease the suffering of settlers in Kansas. This particular committee specifically sought to send relief funds and provisions into Kansas during the drought of 1860. The letter is addressed to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, keeping him informed about the efforts to distribute food and clothing. Pomeroy appreciated the help he had received from Hyatt, but he was disappointed in Dr. Webb. The last page of the letter has been crossed out and edited.

Keywords: Droughts; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Jennison, Charles Ransford, 1834-1884; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Starving Kansas
Authors: Stockmyer, G.
Date: December, 1860
This broadside was prepared by G. Stockmyer, agent for Kansas Relief. It included descriptions of the conditions in most parts of Kansas Territory from individuals such as Thaddeus Hyatt, Allen Hodgson, and W. F. M. Arny and excerpts from various newspapers. Relief efforts were being coordinated by Samuel C. Pomeroy from Atchison, Kansas Territory. Freight and railroad companies provided free shipping for relief goods sent to K. T.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Ballard, J. F.; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Chase County, Kansas Territory; Droughts; Grimes, W. H.; Hodgson, Allen; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Relief Committee; Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Reynolds, Charles; Stockmyer, G; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory; Winchell, J. M.


Letter, An old lady to Mr. [Horace] Greeley
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: January 9, 1861
This letter, written from Montrose, Pennsylvania, was addressed to Horace Greeley. It included a contribution of two dollars, which the author asked to be passed along to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee.

Keywords: Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Pennsylvania; Relief


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to Hon. B. F. Camp
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: January 14, 1861
This printed letter was written by Thaddeus Hyatt to B. F. Camp of Albany, New York. This eloquent plea for assistance spoke of the drought and famine in Kansas during 1860 and 1861. The letter included personal experiences and excerpts from Kansas settlers describing the conditions in their area. For instance, a local physician wrote that "starvation stares us all in the face." The letter also provided agricultural statistics from Kansas Territory, beginning in 1859, to demonstrate the hard facts about this drought.

Keywords: Agriculture; Clothing and dress; Droughts; Famines; Food; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Illness; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poor; Poverty; Relief


Starvation in Kansas
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: February 4, 1860
This document was an appeal to "The President of the Country, To the Churches, To Congress, To State Legislatures, To Philanthropists, and To the humane everywhere!!" to support those suffering in Kansas. The document was written by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, and it was endorsed by S. C. Pomeroy, chairman of the Kansas Relief Committee and general agent for distribution. This particular Kansas Relief Committee had been formed to combat the effects of the drought of 1860. This short appeal contained eloquent and emotional rhetoric in "behalf of 40,000 starving Americans."

Keywords: Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Relief Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poverty; Relief; Relief funds


Extract of Letter, by Mrs. Holmes
Authors: Holmes, Mrs.
Date: March 4, 1861
This moving letter, presumably written by Mrs. Holmes, related the daily experiences of her family during 1861. They were struggling to make ends met, and her father did not want to seek help from back East. They had lived in Lawrence for five years, and she briefly mentioned their sickness and suffering during 1856. She applauded the work of Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, and his willingness to obtain provisions and assistance for the impoverished settlers in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Daily life; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Poor; Poverty; Relief


Letter, H. B. Hurd to James Blood
Authors: Hurd, H. B.
Date: March 27, 1861
From Chicago, H. B. Hurd wrote to inquire about reports that the Kansas legislature was to appoint a committee to investigate the conduct of the National Kansas Committee's agents and their handling of relief funds and supplies. Several correspondents had expressed similar concerns during the fall of 1860--that is, concern that funds were being misused or that certain agents could not be trusted. Hurd encouraged Blood to support such an investigation.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blood, James; Chicago, Illinois; Droughts; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Legislature; National Kansas Committee; Relief


Photograph, Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Thaddeus Hyatt was an abolitionist and served as head of the National Kansas Committee in 1856. He was also involved in efforts to provide relief to settlers in 1860.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Free state supporters; Hyatt, Thaddeus; National Kansas Committee; Photographs and Illustrations; Relief


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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