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Authors: Chapman, J. Butler
The title page of the printed volume indicated that it contained "a description geographical and topographical--also climate, soil, productions and comparative value with other states and territories, including its political history, officers-candidates-emigrant colonies-election, abolition, squatter and pro-slavery contentions and inquisitions; with the prospects of the territory for freedom or slavery. Mr. Chapman was a resident of the territory and the information in the booklet was compiled by traveling through Kansas Territory in 1854. The description covers most of the territory and includes information about Native American tribes and lands.
Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Delaware Indians; Economic conditions; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigrant aid companies - Pro-slavery; Emigration and immigration; Free state prospects; Land; Landscape; Native Americans; Proslavery; Settlement; Wyandot Indians
Letter, C. K. Holliday to Dear Doctor [Franklin Crane]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: November 24, 1856
Cyrus Holliday wrote from Meadville, Pennsylvania to Doctor Franklin Crane, an influential citizen in Topeka, Kansas Territory. Holliday gave his opinions about the prospects for Kansas entering the union as a free state and the stand of the Democratic party. He also discussed the sale of part of his corn crop in Kansas.
Keywords: Crane, Franklin Loomis; Crops; Democratic Party (U.S.); Emigration and immigration; Free state prospects; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Meadville, Pennsylvania
Letter, C. K. Holliday to Dear Dr. [Franklin Crane]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: February 1, 1857
Cyrus Holliday wrote from Meadville, Pennsylvania to Franklin Crane, a prominent doctor in Topeka. Holliday was anxious to get back to Kansas, but family illness had prevented his departure for the territory. He reported on several people who had been involved in Kansas including such pro-slavery supporters Colonel Titus and Preston Brooks, who had died recently. He also commended Gov. Roberts (?) for his efforts on behalf of Kansas.
Keywords: Brooks, Preston Smith; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Free state prospects; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Meadville, Pennsylvania; Proslavery supporters
Letter, D. R. Barker to Brother [Samuel] Adair
Authors: Barker, D. R.
Date: February 16, 1857
Writing from Mercer, Pennsylvania, Barker, a classmate of Adair's at Oberlin College, commented on the political situation in regard to Kansas and pro-slavery forces including pro-slavery churches.
Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Barker, D. R.; Free state prospects; Oberlin College; Pennsylvania; Proslavery activities; Religion; Slavery
Letter, A. Pierse to Dear Sir [Eli Thayer]
Authors: Pierse, A.
Date: March 31, 1857
A. Pierse wrote from Washington, D.C. to Eli Thayer in Worcester, Massachusetts. Pierse was born in North Carolina and lived most of his life in the South but had been living in Minnesota Territory for the past seven years. He told Thayer that he planned to move to Kansas in the spring of 1857. Pierse offered Thayer his opinion on what free state supporters should do in Kansas Territory. He informed Thayer that, although he had "Southern opinions on the subject of slavery" and believed the federal government had no right to prohibit slavery in the territories, he was "without prejudice for or against either side" in the debate over slavery in Kansas Territory. Pierse suggested that the best course for free staters to take would be to accept the Dred Scott decision, actively participate in the political process in Kansas Territory, and work for the admission of Kansas as a state with or without slavery. Once Kansas was admitted, he contended, free state supporters would be on firmer legal ground to advocate for the prohibition of slavery, since it was generally accepted that "the people have the power to prohibit slavery in their state." He concluded by stating that once Kansas was a state, free staters could make the case that property would be worth 3 or 4 times more if slavery was prohibited in the state.
Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Dred Scott decision; Free state prospects; Pierse, A.; Proslavery perspective; Slavery; Southern emigrants; Southerners; Statehood (see also Admission, Kansas); Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899
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