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38 results for Food:
Circular, To the Women of the State of New York
Authors: Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885
Date: c. 1856
This circular was composed of a letter written by Clarina Nichols to the women of New York. In this eloquent letter she attempted to persuade them to send support to the people of Kansas, appealing to their hearts and their experiences as mothers.

Keywords: Circulars; Food; Free state perspective; New York; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Relief; Women


Letter, [James Griffing] to [J. Augusta Goodrich]
Authors: Griffing, James Sayre
Date: October 15, 1854 - October 25, 1854
James Griffing wrote from the bank of the Illinois River in Illinois and Milton, Missouri to his fiancee J. Augusta Goodrich in Owego, New York. Griffing, a Methodist minister, described the daily routine of his overland journey from Indianapolis, Indiana to Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Daily life; Emigration and immigration; Food; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); Illinois; Missouri; Transportation; Travel; Wagons


Letter, C. K. Holliday to My Dear Mary [Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: December 10, 1854
Cyrus K. Holliday, founder of Topeka, Kansas Territory, wrote from "Up the River," Kansas Territory to his wife, Mary Holliday, in Meadville, Pennsylvania, describing the difficult living conditions for him and the other men at the future site of Topeka, where they had been visited by Governor Andrew H. Reeder. Holliday assured his wife of his health and requested that she explain to Mr. Drew Lowry and Mr. McFarland in Pennsylvania why he had not written. He praised the beauty of the country and expressed his vision of its future, ending with a request that she write to him.

Keywords: Food; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Landscape; Meadville, Pennsylvania; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation; Town sites


Letter, Your Mary [Holliday] to My Dear H [Cyrus Kurtz Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Mary
Date: December 29, [1854]
Mary Holliday wrote from Meadville, Pennsylvania to her husband Cyrus K. Holliday in Kansas Territory. This, the second letter he received from her, reported the health of his brother George Holliday's family and mentioned her giving money, earned by selling a locket, to his mother. Mary Holliday eloquently expressed her love and the difficulty of their separation. After joking that her cooking skill should meet Kansas Territory standards, she mentioned the plans of Lowry Trowbridge and George Merriman, Pennsylvanians with Kansas fever.

Keywords: Food; Health; Holidays; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Marriage; Meadville, Pennsylvania; New Year; Railroads


Bill, Furnished the Freestate Party
Authors: Blanton, Napoleon B.
Date: May 15, 1856
This itemized list of items reportedly "furnished the freestate Party" was submitted by Napoleon B. Blanton of Douglas Co., who operated a toll bridge over the Wakarusa River south of Lawrence. The total bill was for $191.26, including provisions and tolls: "I have thrown my bridge open free for the freestate party from the 15th of May to the 20th of September. . ."

Keywords: Blanton, Napolean Bonaparte; Blantons Bridge; Blood, James; Food; Free State Party; Transportation; Wakarusa River


Expense Account, Martin Stowell to Worcester Committee
Authors: Stowell, Martin
Date: June 25, 1856 - November 28, 1856
This expense sheet, along with the attached memorandum, was written by Martin Stowell for the Worcester Committee in Massachusetts. Stowell had been functioning as the head of an emigrant company originating out of Massachusetts. The sheet provided a detailed listing of the cash he received as well as the cash he expended. His purchases included various foodstuffs, carpentry tools, cooking and eating utensils, and medicine. He also used some of his money to pay for repairs on wagons, etc. The attached memorandum was addressed to "Dear H" (Thomas Wentworth Higginson). It provided further explanation of the account sheet and gave news from the Massachusetts party.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Finance; Financial statements; Food; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Stowell, Martin; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas; Worcester, Massachusetts


Circular, An Appeal for Kansas
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: October 10, 1856
This letter was written by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, to the New York Tribune editor, who printed it in the paper. It was subtitled, "with practical suggestions for its relief." This committee, also known as the Kansas Relief Committee in its early years, sought to send free state settlers into Kansas Territory and to obtain support for Kansas from the Northeast.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Chicago, Illinois; Circulars; Clothing and dress; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Food; Free state perspective; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Relief Committee; National Kansas Committee; New York Tribune; Relief


Report of a trip to Kansas by W. F. M. Arny
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: October 20, 1856
William F. M. Arny was the general agent of the National Kansas Committee. He submitted this report describing the "wants and sufferings" of settlers in Kansas Territory. It included references to border ruffians, land sales, and the suffering in various districts of Kansas. He requested that aid be sent to the Kansas Central Committee.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blood, James; Border ruffians; Chicago, Illinois; Clothing and dress; Council Grove, Kansas Territory; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Food; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Illness; Kansas Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Martin, Samuel E. (Dr.); National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Winchell, James M., 1823-1877


Letter, W. F. M. Arny to Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: October 23, 1856
W. F. M. Arny, an agent of the National Kansas Committee, wrote this letter to Thaddeus Hyatt while traveling on the Missouri River. The main focus of this letter revolved around committee business and the state of affairs in Kansas. During this visit to Kansas, Arny had reorganized the Kansas Central Committee in order to increase its efficiency, and he included in this letter a revised list of its officers and members. He also wrote about his conversation with Governor Geary concerning the various volunteer companies created by free state men. The letter ends with a brief description of the suffering of the settlers, their meager diet, and their desperate need for more provisions.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Border ruffians; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Chicago, Illinois; Clothing and dress; Economic conditions; Eldridge, Shalor Winchell, 1816-1899; Election, Presidential, 1856; Firearms; Food; Free state militia; Free state perspective; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Guns; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Illness; Kansas Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Money; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Relief funds; Sickness (see Illness); Topeka, Kansas; Violence; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, W.F.M. Arny to Wm. Barnes
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: October 25, 1856
Arny, general agent of the National Kansas Committee, wrote from a steamboat traveling on the Missouri River to inform William Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee, about conditions in Kansas. Arny reported on the state of the Kansas State Central Committee, the efforts by free state supporters in Kansas to prepare for possible proslavery attacks if Buchanan won the 1856 presidential election, and the relief needs of free state settlers in Kansas.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Border ruffians; Food; Free state support; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Kansas State Central Committee; National Kansas Committee; New York State Kansas Committee; Relief


Kansas Experiences of A.R. Scolen, William Reap, Ephraim Coy, and Capt. Samuel Anderson
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 21, 1856 - December 23, 1856
These testimonies were collected from a number of free state settlers along Pottawatomie Creek, presumably by an associate of the National Kansas Committee. Each account includes personal information about the settler (their origins, family, crops, etc.) and also testimonies of their involvement in the free state militia.

Keywords: Agriculture; Anderson, Samuel; Battles; Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Brown, John, Jr.; Casualties; Cline, Captain; Clothing and dress; Coy, Ephraim; Crops; Food; Free state activities; Free state cause; Free state militia; Free state perspective; Illness; Livestock; Militia; Missourians; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory; Reap, William; Scolen, A.R.; Shore, Samuel T.; Sickness (see Illness); Skirmishing; Travel; Wounds and injuries


Letter from National Kansas Committee
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: 1856
This was a generic solicitation letter seeking money, supplies, and settlers. It mentioned Col. Buford's expedition to Kansas and speculated on Southern motives with regard to Kansas.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; Emigration and immigration; Food; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Hurd, H. B.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas State Central Committee; Money; National Kansas Committee; New York; Relief; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to My Dear Cleaveland
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: January 4, 1857
This rather inspiring letter, written by Thaddeus Hyatt while traveling in Kansas, demonstrates Hyatt's commitment to the National Kansas Committee and his passion for the free state cause. Apparently there was some sort of conflict within the committee that threatened its ability to function, but nevertheless Hyatt was determined to aid the struggling free state settlers in Kansas. He spoke in great detail about some of his travels around the territory, including the inclement weather and his perspective on the pro-slavery and free state settlers that he encountered during his stay.

Keywords: Bickerton, Thomas; Food; Free state cause; Free state settlers; Horses; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Central Committee; Little Osage River, Kansas Territory; Marais des Cygnes River; National Kansas Committee; Proslavery settlers; Relief; Settlement; Weather


Bills Received and Paid, Kansas Central Committee to J. Willits
Authors: Kansas State Central Committee
Date: January 7, 1857
The Kansas State Central Committee apparently paid this itemized bill for $12.64 on January 7, 1857, to Jacob Willits of Shawnee County. It included everything from apples to molasses to quinine.

Keywords: Blood, James; Food; Kansas Central Committee; Kansas State Central Committee; Merchandise; Relief; Willits, Jacob


Expense Sheet, E. B. Whitman to National Kansas Committee
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: February 28, 1857 - August 14, 1857
This expense sheet, which was in account with E. B. Whitman, an agent of the committee, lists expenses and supplies sent to aid the free state inhabitants of Kansas. The items sent include (among others) wheat, oats, corn, beans, potatoes, garden seeds, bedding, and clothing.

Keywords: Agriculture; Clothing and dress; Crops; Finance; Financial statements; Food; Grain; House furnishings; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Seeds; Vegetables; Wagons


Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1857
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1857
Thomas Webb compiled this more comprehensive version of his earlier circulars by the same name. Containing much of the same information as the previous versions, such as details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas and subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, it features a large section that describes individual town settlements. This circular also addresses the proslavery and free state conflict, though in a nonpartisan manner, considering the interests of both groups.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Books; Brown, John Carter; Circulars; Crops; Diseases; Education; Food; Guns; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Libraries; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Religion; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Town settlement; Transportation; Travel literature; Weapons (see also Guns); Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Financial Statements, M. F. Conway to N. E. Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Conway, Martin Franklin
Date: August 1, 1858 - January 1, 1859
These monthly financial statements, submitted by Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory, detailed company income and expenditures for a six month period between July and December 1858. Conway provided particularly full accounts of his traveling expenses during frequent trips around the territory.

Keywords: Account books; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Finance; Financial statements; Food; Hotels; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stagecoaches; Transportation; Travel


Letter, James [Griffing] to My dear Cuttie [J. Augusta Goodrich Griffing]
Authors: Griffing, James Sayre
Date: July 27, 1859
James Griffing wrote from Topeka, Kansas Territory to his wife J. Augusta (Goodrich) Griffing. Ms. Griffing was visiting her family in New York for the first time since her arrival in Kansas in 1855. Mr. Griffing described daily activities including planting buckwheat and growing cucumbers.

Keywords: Agriculture; Food; Grain; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich)


Letter, James [Griffing] to [J. Augusta Goodrich Griffing]
Authors: Griffing, James Sayre
Date: July 28, 1859
James Griffing wrote from Topeka, Kansas Territory to his wife J. Augusta (Goodrich) Griffing. Mrs. Griffing was visiting her family in New York for the first time since her arrival in Kansas in 1855. James Griffing described his efforts to perform household chores in his wife's absence including cooking, milking the cow, churning butter, laundry, butchering chickens, and gardening.

Keywords: Agriculture; Daily life; Food; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); Household activities; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Letter, Augusta [J. Augusta Goodrich Griffing] to Dearest James [Griffing]
Authors: Griffing, Jemima August (Goodrich)
Date: August 7, 1859
J. Augusta (Goodrich) Griffing wrote from Owego, New York to her husband James in Topeka, Kansas Territory. Ms. Griffing was visiting her family in New York for the first time since her arrival in Kansas in 1855. She described visiting friends and extended family in the Owego area, attending church, and purchasing items that she planned to take back to Kansas. She also gave Mr. Griffing instructions on how to make pickles from cucumbers that he harvested from their kitchen garden in Kansas.

Keywords: Agriculture; Daily life; Food; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); New York; Owego, New York; Travel; Women


Letter, James [Griffing] to Dear Cuttie [J. Augusta Goodrich Griffing]
Authors: Griffing, James Sayre
Date: August 7, 1859
James Griffing wrote from Topeka, Kansas Territory to his wife J. Augusta (Goodrich) Griffing. Mrs. Griffing was visiting her family in New York for the first time since her arrival in Kansas in 1855. James Griffing described his daily activities including his efforts to protect his chickens from "polecats," to gather wild grapes, and to prepare his own meals.

Keywords: Animals; Daily life; Food; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Letter, James [Griffing] to My Dear [J. Augusta Goodrich Griffing]
Authors: Griffing, James Sayre
Date: August 9, 1859
James Griffing wrote from Topeka, Kansas Territory to his wife J. Augusta (Goodrich) Griffing. Mrs. Griffing was visiting her family in New York for the first time since her arrival in Kansas in 1855. Mr. Griffing gave his wife instructions on fruit seeds (plum, cherry, and peach) and cuttings (gooseberry and blackberry) to collect and transport back to Kansas. He also described his plan to purchase pine flooring in Leavenworth.

Keywords: Food; Fruit; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); Lumber; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory


People's Store!! Palermo, Kansas
Authors: Swendson, Sevest
Date: November 14, 1859
Broadside announcing opening of a new dry goods grocery store.

Keywords: Advertisements; Business enterprises; Clothing and dress; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Food; Palermo, Kansas Territory; Retail businesses; Swendson, Sevest


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Stephen Johnston of Atchison filed claim # 213 for supplies furnished to the territorial militia under the command of D. M. Johnston in December 1855. Items provided included food and ammunition. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Ammunition; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Damage claims; Food; Johnston, D. M.; Johnston, Stephen; Strickler, Hiram Jackson


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
J. N. O. P. (Dr. John P.) Wood filed claim #321 for costs resulting from boarding prisoners in Lecompton during 1856. His itemized claim also included various property and animals that were taken from him also during 1856. This is one of the few claims filed for costs that fell into the "public" class. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Damage claims; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Food; Groceries; Household equipment; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Prisoners; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Wood, John P.


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Isaac T. De Ment filed claim # 252 for items stolen or destroyed in his storehouse and home by proslavery forces under the command of G. W. Clarke. The itemized list included a variety of good from fabrics and clothing to food and hardware. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Clarke, George W.; Clothing and dress; Damage claims; De Ment, Isaac T.; Food; Groceries; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Militia; Strickler, Hiram Jackson


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Claim #188 was filed on behalf of the company of Rees & Keith by Lewis N. Rees and Perry Keith, partners in the business in Leavenworth County. It was for provisions supplied to the territorial militia under the command of Brigadier General Lucian J. Eastin and Colonel Archibal Payne. Jarrett Todd served as the commissary for Colonel Payne's regiment. The items furnished included various food stuffs, kitchen equipment, and some ammunition. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Ammunition; Damage claims; Eastin, Lucian J.; Food; Keith, Perry; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Payne, Archibald; Rees & Keith; Rees, Lewis N.; Retail businesses; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Todd, Jarrett


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Benjamin D. Castleman, Tecumseh, Shawnee County, presented claim #216 for losses suffered in August and September, 1856. He operated as a merchant so his claim listed groceries, clothing, dry goods, medicines, guns, hardware, books and stationery, and tin and glassware. He stated that the damage was caused by about 50 well armed men under the command of James H. Lane and another group of 200 men under the command of "Captains A. Jameson, Cleveland, and Charles Moffet." Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Alcoholic beverages; Castleman, Benjamin D.; Clothing and dress; Damage claims; Food; Groceries; Jameson, A.; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Militia; Moffett, Charles; Retail businesses; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Robert A. Edwards submitted claim #221 for losses and damages suffered at the hands of James Lane's men under the command of Captain Jameson in August and September, 1856. His list was detailed and included livestock, furniture, food, and household goods. He lived in Shawnee County. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Agricultural implements; Damage claims; Edwards, Robert A.; Food; Free state militia; Furniture; House furnishings; Household equipment; Jameson, A.; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Livestock; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Strickler, Hiram Jackson


Appeal for the Kansas sufferers!
Authors: Foster, Daniel
Date: 1860
This letter was written by Daniel Foster to describe the conditions in Kansas during a nine month drought. Many settlers left Kansas Territory, and those remaining needed relief. This letter called on people to provide aid to those in Kansas. Furthermore, it listed names of a committee that met in Boston to discuss relief efforts in Kansas.

Keywords: Droughts; Food; Foster, Daniel; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Kansas Frontier; Kansas Relief Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poor; Relief; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Circular, To the friends of humanity
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Blake, F. N.
Date: 1860-1861
This circular, written by F. N. Blake and W. F. M. Arny, was an appeal for aid to Kansas with suggestions for specific items and shipping routes for sending food, clothing and other provisions to the settlers starving after the drought of 1860.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Chicago, Illinois; Circulars; Clothing and dress; Food; Money; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief


Article, "The Drouth and Famine in Kansas"
Authors: New York Daily Tribune
Date: October 10, 1860
This newspaper article, published in the New York Daily Tribune from October 10, 1860, outlined the basic details of the suffering and destitution of settlers in Kansas. It also included reprints of two circulars originating from Kansas Territory. One was from the Presbytery of Highland, and the other was from the Central Relief Committee based in Leavenworth. The first reprinted circular provided information about the dire situation and gave the names of the members of this committee. The second circular requested that the elders and deacons of each church in Kansas ascertain how many families needed immediate assistance in order to present a full report to the Central Relief Committee.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Central Relief Committee; Churches; Clothing and dress; Crops; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Food; Grain; Highland, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Presbyterian Church; Reaser, Rev. J. G.; Relief; Relief funds; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: October 10, 1860
In this letter, S. C. Pomeroy wrote from Atchison, Kansas to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The letter revolved around the suffering of the settlers and their desperate search for provisions and employment. Pomeroy also mentioned the prospect of obtaining a large amount of buffalo meat, as well as the failed corn crop and the generally destitute condition of the settlers. He truly feared for the lives of the settlers during the upcoming winter.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Bison; Crops; Economic conditions; Elmore, Rush; Famines; Food; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Grain; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Topeka, Kansas; Vegetables


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to James Buchanan
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: October 16, 1860
Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, wrote this letter to the President of the United States in an effort to obtain assistance for the suffering inhabitants of Kansas. He described in detail the needs of the settlers, including their lack of adequate winter clothing and the scarcity of food. According to his personal observations, Hyatt concluded that the only options left to Kansas settlers were exodus or starvation. He also asked that all government lands be removed from the market, especially those in the New York Indian Reserve.

Keywords: Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Diseases; Droughts; Economic conditions; Famines; Food; Health; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Indian reserves; Relief; Sickness (see Illness)


Letter, James [Mead] to My dear Father
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: December 1, 1860
James Mead, a rancher and trader from Saline County, Kansas Territory, wrote this letter to his father, who lived in Davenport, Iowa. Mead and his companions were going to "the river" to send a load of buffalo meat and buffalo robes to the folks back home. He also spoke of a trading excursion he had taken recently to a Kaw Indian camp about twenty miles from his trading post, listing the goods that were traded. Although other settlers were suffering during the drought of 1860, Mead and those in the vicinity were faring quite well. He once again mentioned Lincoln's election and inquired about whether or not "the Union is dissolved."

Keywords: Bison; Business enterprises; Droughts; Election, Presidential, 1860; Food; Indian traders; Kansa Indians; Mead, James R.; Prices; Saline County, Kansas Territory; Saline River, Kansas Territory


Letter, James R. Mead to My dear Mother
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: December 25, 1860
In this letter addressed to his mother, James Mead wrote about his life out on the frontier near the Saline River, Kansas Territory. He assured her that he had plenty of groceries, including sugar, meal, flour, beans and apples, as well as coffee and tea. He also informed her that he had sent the family a load of buffalo meat and robes, and he discussed the local fur trade, listing different animals in the area. Mead spoke briefly of his long term plans, stating that he would ultimately like to go into stock raising. Throughout the letter, he emphasized the flourishing trade going on in Kansas, in one instance writing that "everybody trades."

Keywords: Bison; Food; Holidays; Hunting; Kansas Frontier; Mead, James R.; Prices; Salina, Kansas Territory; Saline County, Kansas Territory


Notices, New England Kansas Relief Committee
Authors: Collamore, George W.
Date: 1861
These two written notices informed the recipient that their seed corn and potatoes were distributed by the New England Kansas Relief Committee. It also instructed the people to use the corn and potatoes wisely and to report harvest yield to distribution agent. The notices were signed by George Collamore, agent for this committee.

Keywords: Collamore, George W.; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Food; Kansas Relief Committee; Vegetables


Letter, Thaddeus Hyatt to Hon. B. F. Camp
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: January 14, 1861
This printed letter was written by Thaddeus Hyatt to B. F. Camp of Albany, New York. This eloquent plea for assistance spoke of the drought and famine in Kansas during 1860 and 1861. The letter included personal experiences and excerpts from Kansas settlers describing the conditions in their area. For instance, a local physician wrote that "starvation stares us all in the face." The letter also provided agricultural statistics from Kansas Territory, beginning in 1859, to demonstrate the hard facts about this drought.

Keywords: Agriculture; Clothing and dress; Droughts; Famines; Food; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Illness; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Poor; Poverty; Relief


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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