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31 results for Census:
Territorial Census, 1855, District 8
Authors: McClure, J. R.
Date: January-March, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 8, the place of election was the house of Ingraham Baker, on the Santa Fe Road. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Eighth District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Elm Creek, one of the branches of Osage River; thence up the same to the Santa Fe road; thence by a direct northerly line to the southwest corner of the Pottawatomie reservation; thence up the western line thereof to the Kansas River; thence up said river and the Smoky Hill Fork, beyond the most westerly settlements; thence due south to the line of the territory; thence by the same to the line of the Sixth District; thence due north to the head of the south branch of the Neosho River; thence down said river to the lines of the Seventh District; thence due north to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Census; Council Grove, Kansas Territory; McClure, J. R; Morris County, Kansas Territory


Territorial Census, 1855, District 16
Authors: Leib, Charles
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 16, the place of election was the house of Keller & Kyle, in Leavenworth City. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Sixteenth District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Salt Creek; thence up said creek to the Military road; thence along the middle of said road to the lower crossing of Stranger Creek; thence up said creek to the line of the late Kickapoo reservation, and thence along the said line to the Thirteenth District, and thence by the same along a line corresponding to the courses of Stranger Creek, and keeping three miles west thereof, the Kansas River; thence down the Kansas River to the Missouri River to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Census; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth City; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leib, Charles; Moravian Mission; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Territorial Census, 1855, District 11
Authors: Twombly, B. H.
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census and alphabetical list of votes follows the enumeration pages of District 12. For District 11, the place of election was the Trading house of Marshall and Woodward at Marysville. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Eleventh District follows: "Commencing at Vermillion River in the middle of the Independence emigrant road; thence up said river to the head of the main branch; thence due north to the northern line of the Territory; thence by the same to the middle of the Independence emigrant road; thence down said road, crossing the Big Blue by the old route below Marysville to the place of beginning." The assessor gave a detailed description of the land where the people resided on the back of the page where they were listed and drew a map detailing the land included in District 11 and 12.

Keywords: Census; Independence Emigrant Road; Marshall County, Kansas Territory; Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Trading Post of Marshall and Woodward; Twombly, B. H.


Territorial Census, 1855, District 10
Authors: Conway, Martin Franklin
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 10, the place of election was the house of S. D. Dyer, at the crossing of the Big Blue River. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Tenth District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Wild Cat Creek, thence up the same to the head waters thereof; thence due north to the Independence emigrant road; thence down said road, crossing the Big Blue by the old route below Marysville to the Vermillion River; thence down said river to the mouth thereof; thence up the Kansas River to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Census; Conway, Martin Franklin; Dyer, S. D.; Independence Emigrant Road; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory


Territorial Census, 1855, District 15
Authors: Jolly, H. B.
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 15 the place of election was the house of Paschal Pensaneau, on the Fort Leavenworth and Oregon Rd. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Fifteenth District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Salt Creek on the Missouri River; thence up said creek to the Military road, and along the middle of said road to the lower crossing of Stranger Creek; thence up said creek to the line of the late Kickapoo reservation, and thence along the southern and western line thereof to the line of the Fourteenth District; thence by the same, and down Independence Creek to the mouth thereof, and thence down the Missouri River to the place of beginning." There is a "list of qualified voters in the 15th District alleged to have been omitted from the census" following the enumeration pages. Districts 13 and 15 are included in one volume and are scanned as one as it is difficult to determine which entries are in what district.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Brown County, Kansas Territory; Census; Jolly, H. B.; Pensaneau, Paschal


Territorial Census, 1855, District 13
Authors: Jolly, H. B.
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 13 the place of election was the house of G. M. Dyer, at the town of Ozawkie. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Thirteenth District follows: "Commencing in the Kansas River, three miles above the mouth of Stranger Creek; thence in a northwardly direction by a line three miles west of said creek, and corresponding to the courses thereof until it shall strike the southern line of the last Kickapoo reservation; thence along the southern and western line of said reservation, and the western line of the late Sac and Fox reservation to the north line of the Territory; thence west along said line to the line of the Twelfth District; thence by the same and down Soldier's Creek to the mouth thereof, and down the Kansas River to the place of beginning." Districts 13 and 15 are included in one volume and are scanned as one as it is difficult to determine which entries are in what district.

Keywords: Calhoun County, Kansas Territory (see also Jackson County, Kansas Territory); Census; Dyer, G. M.; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Jolly, H. B.; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory


Territorial Census, 1855, District 17
Authors: Johnson, Alex S.
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 17, the place of election was the house of B. F. Robinson. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The 17th Dist was organized by a supplemental proclamation of the governor, Nov. 25, 1854. He declared that it seemed expedient that the first district should be divided to form the 17th district, which was located in the east part of the present Johnson county, quoted as to bounds as follows, (from the ex minutes, 1854, p. 24.) "beginning at the mouth of the Kansas river; thence up said river to the mouth of Cedar creek; thence up said creek to the Santa Fe Road; thence by said road and the Missouri State Line to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Census; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Johnson, Alex S.; Robinson, B. F.; Shawnee Mission


Territorial Census, 1855, District 9
Authors: Conway, Martin Franklin
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 9, the place of election was the house of Mr. Reynolds, near the crossing of Seven-Mile Creek. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Ninth District follows: "Commencing on the Smoky Hill Fork, beyond the most westerly settlements; thence down the same and to the Kansas River to the Kansas river to the mouth of Wild Cat Creek; thence up said creek to the head-waters thereof; thence due north to the Independence emigrant road; thence up said road to the north line of the Territory; thence west along the same to the most westerly settlements; and thence due south to the place of beginning." This census includes "civilians at Fort Riley and settlers around."

Keywords: Census; Conway, Martin Franklin; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory


Territorial Census, 1855, District 1
Authors: Babcock, Carmi William
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 1, the place of election was the office of Dr. Charles Robinson in Lawrence. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the First District follows: "Commencing at the Missouri State line, on the south bank of the Kansas River; thence along the south bank of said river to the first tributary or watered ravine running into the Kansas above the town of Lawrence, thence up that tributary to the head thereof; thence in a direct line to the west side of __Rolf's house; thence, by a due south line, to the Santa Fe Road; thence by the middle of said road to the Missouri State line; and thence by said State line to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Babcock, Carmi William; Census; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Territorial Census, 1855, District 5
Authors: Barbee, William
Date: January-March 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. There is an index and summary at the end of the census enumeration. For District 5, the place of election was the house of Hy. Sherman, on the old John Jones improvement, on Pottawatomie Creek. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Fifth District follows: "Commencing at the Missouri State line, at the southern boundary of the Fourth District; thence east along the same to the northwest corner of the Sac and Fox Reservation; thence due south along the western line thereof and due south to the south branch of the Neosho River, about seventy miles above the Catholic Osage Mission; thence down the said river to the north line of the reserve for New York Indians, and east along said line to the head waters of Little Osage River, or the nearest point thereto; and thence down said river to the Missouri State line, and up said line to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Barbee, William; Census; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Sherman, Hy.


Territorial Census, 1855, District 6
Authors: Barbee, William
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. There is a summary of voters in the 6th district at the end of the enumeration. For District Six the place of election was the house of H. T. Wilson, at Fort Scott. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Sixth District follows: "Commencing on the Missouri State line, in Little Osage River; thence up the same to the line of the reserve of the New York Indians, or to the nearest point thereto; thence to and by the north line of said reserve to the Neosho River, and up said southern line of the Territory; thence by the southern and eastern lines of said Territory to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Barbee, William; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Census; Wilson, H. T.


Territorial Census, 1855, District 2
Authors: Browne, O. H.
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. The enumerator indexed the census entries for this district and these pages appear before the census data. For District Two the place of election was the house of Paris Ellison, in Douglas City. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Second District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Big Spring Branch, on the south bank of the Kansas River; thence up said branch to its farthest source; thence by a southerly line, crossing the Wakarusa River on the east side of the house of Charles Mattingly, to the middle of the Santa Fe road; thence along the middle of said road to the line of the First District; thence by the same along the west side of the house of __Rolf to the head of the first tributary of the Kansas, above the Town of Lawrence; and thence by the said tributary to the Kansas River, and up the south bank of said river to the mouth of Big Spring Branch, the place of beginning." On the last page is a "List of settlers on the Kansas Half Breed lands opposite Douglas City." This is probably in Jefferson county, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Browne, O. H.; Census; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory


Territorial Census, 1855, District 3
Authors: Hays, Thornton W.
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 3, the place of election was the house of Thomas Stinson, in the Town of Tecumseh. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Third District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Big Spring Branch, on the south side of the Kansas River; thence up the same to its furthest source; thence by a southerly line to the north bank of the Wakarusa River, on the east side of the house of Charles Mattingly; thence by the southern and western line of said reservation to the Kansas River, and down the said river to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Census; Hays, Thornton W.; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Stinson, Thomas N.; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory


Territorial Census, 1855, District 4
Authors: Donalson, C. B.
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 4, the place of election was the house of Dr. ___Chapman. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Fourth District follows: "Commencing at the Missouri State line, in the middle of the Santa Fe road; thence along the middle of said road to Rock Creek, near the sixty-fifth mile of said road; thence south to the line of the late Shawnee reservation ceded by the treaty of 1854; thence due east along the south line of said reservation and the north line of the existing reservations of the Sacs and Foxes, the existing reservations of the Chippewas and Ottawas and the late reservations of the Piankesaws, Weas, Peorias and Kaskaskias to the Missouri State line; thence up the Missouri State line to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Census; Donalson, C. B.; Franklin County, Kansas Territory


Territorial Census, 1855, District 12
Authors: Twombly, B. H.
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census and alphabetical list of votes follows the enumeration pages. For District 12, the place of election was the house of R. C. Miller. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Twelfth District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Soldier's Creek; thence up said creek to the head of the main branch; thence due north to the northern line of the Territory; thence by the same west to the eastern line of the Eleventh District; thence south along the same to the head of the Vermillion River and down said river to the mouth thereof; thence down the north bank of the Kansas River to the place of beginning." The assessor gave a detailed description of the land where the people resided on the back of the page where they were listed and drew a map detailing the land included in District 11 and 12.

Keywords: Census; Fort Leavenworth Road; Marshall County, Kansas Territory; Miller, R. C.; Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; St. Joseph Road; St. Marys Mission; Twombly, B. H.


Territorial Census, 1855, District 7
Authors: McClure, J. R.
Date: February 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 7, the place of election was the house of Fry McGee at One Hundred and Ten-Mile Creek, on the Santa Fe road. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Seventh District follows: "Commencing at the east side of the house of Charles Mattingly, on the Wakarusa River; thence due south to the middle of the Santa Fe road; thence westwardly along the middle of said road to Rock Creek, near the 65th mile of said road; thence due south to the north line of the Sac and Fox reservation; thence along the north and west lines thereof, and due south to the Neosho River; thence up said river to a point due south of the mouth of Elm Creek; thence due north to the mouth of Elm Creek, and up said creek to the Santa Fe road, and thence by a direct line in a northerly direction to the southwest corner of the Pottawatomie reservation; thence along the southern line of said reservation to the head-waters of the Wakarusa River, or the point nearest thereto; thence to and down the said river to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Census; McClure, J. R; Osage County, Kansas Territory; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory


Territorial Census, 1855, District 14
Authors: Heed, Albert
Date: February-March, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. The assessor indexed the census entries and these pages appear before the enumeration pages. There is a statistical summary of the census that follows the enumeration pages. For District 14, the place of election was not stated. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Fourteenth District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Independence Creek; thence up said creek to the head of the main branch, and thence due west to the line of the late Kickapoo reservation; thence north along said line and the line of the late Sac and Fox reservation to the north line of the Territory, thence along said line eastwardly to the Missouri River, and down said river to the place of beginning."

Keywords: Census; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Heed, Albert


By Authority. Official Message of His Excellency Gov. A. H. Reeder, to the First Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Kansas.
Authors: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: July 3, 1855
This printed version of Reeder's address included a review of how the land that became Kansas was acquired by the United States and of various legislation and treaties that applied before the passage of the Kansas Nebraska Act. Reeder also identified some of the responsibilities of the Legislature including establising a means of determining if Kansas was to be slave or free, establishing counties, setting up a judicial system, levying taxes, organizing a militia, determining a permanent seat of government, and creating a constitution. He also included some statistics from the first official census, which recorded 2,904 qualified voters out of 8,521 residents (only free males could vote). Reeder indicated the need to resolve the issue of selling intoxicating liquors to Native Americans.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Census; Courts; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Native Americans; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864


Letter, Wilm. Donaldson to Mr. Thos. Stinson
Authors: Donaldson, William
Date: April 4, 1856
William Donaldson, writing from the Shawnee Indian Reserve in Johnson County, Kansas Territory, informed Thomas N. Stinson that an Indian agent, William Gay, was taking a census of the Shawnee Indians in Kansas. He indicated that the census would be used to determine government payments made to Shawnees. Donaldson reported that a number of adopted Shawnee tribe members who had been receiving government payments had been struck from the payrolls. Stinson, whose wife was Shawnee, had been adopted by the tribe and apparently was receiving government payments. Donaldson reported that Stinson's name had not yet been removed from the payroll.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Census; Donaldson, William; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Native Americans; Shawnee Indian Reserve; Shawnee Indians


List of voters of 7th senatorial district
Authors: Adams, J. D.; Barry, Abraham ; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: September 3, 1856
A list of the voters in Kansas Territory's 7th senatorial district, which included Manhattan and the area surrounding it. Voters were categorized as free soilers, proslavery, and doubtful. The census was taken by order of the "Central Committee" (a free state group) and was signed by Abraham Barry, Isaac T. Goodnow, and J. D. Adams of District Committee No. 7.

Keywords: Adams, J. D.; Barry, Abraham; Census; Free State Party; Free state activities; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Voting


Letter, William A. Phillips to My Dear Friend [John Brown]
Authors: Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893
Date: June 24, 1857
To "Jas. Smith" (that is, John Brown), William A. Phillips wrote from Lawrence that he would likely not be able to meet Brown en route to KT at Tabor, Iowa, but would arrange for a few others to do so. Phillips believed Brown "should come into Kansas" if he wanted to but "there is no necessity for active military preparations now."

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Census; Free State Party; Free state militia; Holmes, James H.; Land claims; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893; Smith, James


Letter, Sam. F. Tappan to Dear friend [Thomas W. Higginson]
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: July 6, 1857
In this letter, Samuel Tappan wrote to Thomas W. Higginson to update him on the situation in Kansas. He discussed the "bogus" constitutional convention and Gov. Walker's actions against the free state cause. He mentioned that the proslavery forces "did all they could to have us 'partake' in the bogus election without success." Tappan still had confidence that the forces of "democracy" would triumph. In the postscript, he spoke briefly of a census taken by free state leaders.

Keywords: Census; Election, Lecompton Constitution delgates to convention, June 1857; Elections; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, T. J. Marsh to George L. Stearns
Authors: Marsh, Thomas J.
Date: July 18, 1857
Thomas J. Marsh, who arrived in the Kansas Territory on July 11, 1857, made Lawrence his base of operation. He had made the journey as an agent for the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee. His objective was to observe and financially support free state efforts to capture the legislature at the polls in early October (this included conducting a census). During his first week in Kansas Territory, Marsh attended the "entirely harmonious" Free State Party convention in Topeka and reported on initial efforts to organize the campaign. He also seemed very concerned about "petty, personal feuds" among the leadership in the territory. Marsh had personally discussed this issue with the men involved and believed the "discordant elements have been harmonized." Upon his return to Lawrence, Marsh found "U. S. Dragoons parading the streets" and Governor Walker threatening to make numerous arrests because of the unauthorized election of city officials the previous Monday.

Keywords: Blood, James; Census; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Dragoons; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Factionalism; Free State Party; Free state support; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Marsh, Thomas J.; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Topeka Constitution; Travel; United States. Army; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Josiah Miller to Dear Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date: July 20 [1857]
Josiah Miller wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to his Father and Mother, recently settled in Illinois. He discussed with them family news, and attached a postscript regarding their land warrants in Kansas Territory. Miller also referred to the free state supporters' rejection of a charter put in place by the "bogus legislature" in Lecompton, and the subsequent meeting of the free state legislature in Topeka. A census had been taken by free state men in the largest pro-slavery localities. According to Miller, this census found that free state men outnumbered proslavery supporters by at least 1 to 7.

Keywords: Bogus legislature; Census; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state legislature; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lum, S. Y; Miller, Josiah; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, Thos. J. Marsh to George L. Stearns, Esq.
Authors: Marsh, Thomas J.
Date: July 24, 1857
Agent Thomas Marsh, Mass. State Kansas Committee, wrote another of his frequent and detailed letters to George Stearns on July 24, 1857, describing the census and other preparations that were being made for the upcoming election (most importantly, the legislative election in October of that year). Of special interest were the activities of Jim Lane by the Free State Convention to organize militarily for "the protection of the Ballot Boxes."

Keywords: African Americans; Census; Conway, Martin Franklin; Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Free State Party; Free state cause; Free state militia; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Marsh, Thomas J.; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Slaves in Kansas Territory; Speculation; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, T. [Thomas] J. Marsh to George L. Stearns
Authors: Marsh, Thomas J.
Date: December 18, 1857
Upon his return to the East (Boston), Marsh wrote to Stearns on December 18, 1857, to provide a relatively brief outline of his experience and accomplishments since leaving for Kansas Territory on committee business the previous June. He said others could be the judge of the success of the "mission," but "a Free State Legislature was secured by the election" and Governor Charles Robinson had been "quite complimentary" of Marsh in a letter to Amos A. Lawrence.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Cato, Sterling G.; Census; Conway, Martin Franklin; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Free State Party; Free state legislature; Grasshopper Falls Convention; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Marsh, Thomas J.; Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Steamboats; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Territorial politics and government; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Travel; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869; Whitman, E. B.


Map, "Guide to Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, & Kansas
Authors: Smith, John Calvin
Date: 1857
This 1857 "Guide" maps the township lines of the United States surveys, as well as the location of cities, towns, villages, post hamlets, canals, rail and stage roads of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, and Kansas. The map also includes a list of 1850 census statistics.

Keywords: Census; Cities and towns; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas Territory; Maps; Michigan; Minnesota; Missouri; Nebraska Territory; Ohio; Postal service; Railroads; Smith, John Calvin; Stagecoaches; Wisconsin


Letter, Hugh S. Walsh to General [James W. Denver]
Authors: Walsh, Hugh Sleight
Date: November 22, 1858
Acting Governor Hugh S. Walsh, writing from Lecompton, Kansas Territory to former territorial governor James W. Denver, described his strategy for the upcoming session of the territorial legislature. Walsh expressed the opinion that the legislature, due to voting irregularities, was not truly representative of the people of the territory. He hoped to convince the legislators to resign and call for new elections.

Keywords: Census; Courts; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Election fraud; Elections; Kansas Territory. Governor; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Walsh, Hugh Sleight


Letter, William A. Phillips, State Marshall, to Joel Grover
Authors: Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893
Date: June 24, 1859
William A. Phillips, Kansas State Marshall, wrote to Joel Grover, at the time a Douglas County Commissioner, appointing him to take the census in a township northwest of Lawrence. Grover had previously served in the Wakarusa War as captain of the first military company in Lawrence. Later, he became active in local government and held various positions until his death in 1879.

Keywords: Census; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Grover, Joel; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement


Abstract of Census Returns listing Number of Voters and Number of Inhabitants
Authors: Undersigned Citizens of Kansas Territory, John Stroup (first signature)
Date: 1859
This abstract of census returns showed information at the township level for most Kansas counties. Some counties were listed but no data was entered. It listed the number of voters in three different ways--the number of votes cast June 7, 1859; number of voters June 7, 1859 under 6 month provision; and number of voters under 3 month provision. It also listed the number of inhabitants. The election on June 7, 1859 was to elect delegates to the Wyandotte constitutional convention.

Keywords: Allen County, Kansas Territory; Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Brown County, Kansas Territory; Butler County, Kansas Territory; Census; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Dickinson County, Kansas Territory; Dorn County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elections; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Hunter County, Kansas Territory; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Madison County, Kansas Territory; Marshall County, Kansas Territory; McGhee County, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Morris County, Kansas Territory; Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Osage County, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory; Washington County, Kansas Territory; Wilson County, Kansas Territory; Woodson County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [Hon. John J. Crittenden]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: June 5, 1860
In this letter to Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden, Ewing urged support for the pending Kansas bill, which would have brought Kansas into the Union under the Wyandotte Constitution, by explaining one potentially controversial provision and assuring the senator that the population of the territory was between 80,000 and 100,000. The constitution provision in question conferred "suffrage on aliens who have declared their intention to become citizens of the United States." Ewing did not argue "the wisdom of this provision" but explained that it was a necessary "inducement to Emigrants" being made by all the western states and territories.

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Census; Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Immigrants; Kentucky; Suffrage; United States. Congress. Senate; Wyandotte Constitution


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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