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109 results for Business enterprises:
Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, c. 1856
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1856
A photographic view of Massachusetts Street, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, c. 1856.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Letter, Your Affectionate Husband [Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr.] to My Dear Wife [Eliza (Matthew) Tovey]
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date: March 22, 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr., wrote to his wife, Eliza (Matthew) Tovey at their home in Albany, New York. Tovey mentioned his current task of finding a suitable land claim. He discussed the situations of his nearest neighbors as recent homesteaders and businessmen. Tovey also remarked on the "great deal of excitement" surrounding the prospect of forming a territorial legislature and anticipated "a smart fight" between proslavery and free state men.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Land claims; Merchants; Swift, J. Dedan; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Town development; Weather


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Mr. [Amos Adams] Lawrence
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: September 22, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Samuel Pomeroy wrote from a settlement, which would come to be called Lawrence, in Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Lawrence was an investor who sponsored the emigrant group who would settle the town of Lawrence. Pomeroy reported that Charles Robinson had been elected President of the Lawrence Association, the first governing body of the town. He was enthusiastic about the abundance of timber resources in the area, which, once secured from the Indians, would make for a good business enterprise. Emigrants were arriving in droves, filling the hotels and increasing demand for land claims. Though he remained positive, Pomeroy warned "Don't make yourselves believe that the slave holders have given up Kansas!" and anticipated a political battle during the upcoming Territorial Legislature election.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Branscomb, Charles H.; Business enterprises; Elections; Emigration and immigration; Hotels; Illness; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery supporters; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development


Letter, C. Robinson to A. A. Lawrence Esq.
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 18, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson thanked Lawrence for his unfailing support of the enterprise of the Territory and claimed his devotion to work done in his interest. He discussed Lawrence's development, having secured the offices of three free state newspapers, but expressed anxiety about the upcoming territorial election. However, Robinson vowed that his men would not resort to fraudulent voting to win the majority over proslavery supporters.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Business enterprises; Election fraud; Elections; Elliott, Robert G.; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Newspapers; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sawmills; Speer, John, 1817-1906; Town development


Report of the Committee of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Date: 1854
This report, issued by the founders of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company, devotes itself in part to communicating the objectives and mission of the Company, which primarily was to protect persons emigrating West from scams and other "knavery". The report also includes a few journal-style entries by Charles Robinson regarding his experiences in Nebraska and Kansas in 1849. Following Robinson's accounts are various excerpted newspaper articles and letters endorsing the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Bullock, Alexander H.; Business enterprises; Clapp, Otis; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Kansas Territory; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Nebraska Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Wade, Edward


Account Book for the Topeka Association
Authors: Crane, Franklin L.
Date: April 23, 1855 - December 1, 1857
Franklin L. Crane was elected chairman of the board of trustees of the Topeka Association in 1856. These pages contain the association's financial accounts as well as an ongoing narrative about town association business. It describes sales and trades of lots, efforts to start businesses and cultural institutions, and the names of people involved in Topeka's early history. Interspersed throughout these accounts of association business are brief mentions of Franklin Crane's personal affairs. Select pages have been chosen from this volume.

Keywords: Account books; Burgess, H. B.; Business; Business enterprises; Businessmen; Dickey, Milton C.; Election, Territorial Legislature, March 1855; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Land speculation; Oakley, Walter; Railroads design and construction; Schools; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; St. Joseph, Missouri; Surveyors; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town associations; Town development; Town lots; Willits, Jacob; Zimmerman, Israel


Certificate of Agency, James Abbott as Agent of the Kansas Herald of Freedom
Authors: Brown, George W (George Washington), 1820-1915
Date: July 10, 1855
This certificate granted James Abbott, now of Blanton, Kansas Territory, agency to sell subscriptions to the Kansas Herald of Freedom newspaper. The document was signed and sealed by George W. Brown, publisher and editor of the free state paper.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Blanton, Kansas Territory; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Business enterprises; Certificates; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state perspective; Herald of Freedom; Newspapers


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Father [Thomas Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: July 28, 1855
Marcus Parrott, a lawyer and free state man, wrote to his father, Thomas Parrott, from the Shawnee Methodist Mission in Kansas Territory. Marcus told his father of his desire to purchase land and build a home in Leavenworth City, for which he asked his father to send money for lumber. He also mentioned business and referred to his role in the defense of Cole McCrea, a free state man who had killed Malcolm Clark in Leavenworth the past April. Marcus also mentioned his prospect of being nominated as Reporter to the Supreme Court, which he saw as good advertising only.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Freight and freightage; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Territory. Judicial system; Lawyers; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; McCrea, Cole; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Parrott, Thomas; Shawnee Mission; Timber


Quit-Claim Deed and Bond for Robert G. Elliott
Authors: Elliott, Robert G.
Date: November 15, 1855
Quit-Claim Deed of Robert G. Elliott signing his share of ownership of lot #12 on Massachusetts Street over to his business partner, Josiah Miller. The two men founded and produced the Kansas Free State newspaper in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Miller, however, later preferred to buy out his partner, as Elliott "did not have enough money to contribute" to producing the newspaper.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Elliott, Robert G.; Kansas Free State (newspaper); Miller, Josiah; Newspaper buildings; Newspapers; Town lots


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin A. Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: November 25, 1855
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth City, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin A. Parrott, in Dayton, Ohio. Marc told his brother about his recent efforts in defending Cole McCrea, on trial before Judge Lecompte for murder. He also urged his brother to come to Kansas Territory by describing business and land purchase opportunities there. Marc also referred to an upcoming meeting of free state men, which would serve "as a counterblast to the proslavery one".

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Balls (parties); Business enterprises; Free state activities; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; McCrea, Cole; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; United States. General Land Office


Circular, Informational Letter regarding Emigration to Kansas
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: 1855
Edward Hale was the author of this printed letter describing the services provided by the [New England] Emigrant Aid Company and the conditions of settlement in Kansas Territory. Hale included information regarding cost of travel and settlement, conditions of land acquisition, job opportunities, and relations with local Indians. He also addressed the slavery question, and already mentioned occurrences of election fraud on the part of proslavery supporters, but concluded that, in his own opinion "there is no danger whatever for Kanzas".

Keywords: Business enterprises; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Libraries; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Travel; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, 1856
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1856
View of Massachusetts Street from Fort to Ave, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, March, 1856.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Journal of Franklin Loomis Crane
Authors: Crane, Franklin L.
Date: January 16, 1856 - March 29, 1857
This journal, compiled by Franklin Loomis Crane, details the workings of the Topeka Association during 1856 and 1857. The trustees of the association appointed him chairman and businessman of the association. Some entries are mainly composed of the minutes from town association meetings, while others are listings of those settlers who applied for town lots. Crane also writes of his daily work for the association, including tidbits about the weather, etc.

Keywords: Account books; Business enterprises; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Dickey, Milton C.; Farnsworth, Loring; Streets; Topeka Association; Topeka, Kansas; Town associations; Town lots; Town promotion


Letter, N. P. Selee to Dear Bro [Isaac Goodnow]
Authors: Selee, N.P.
Date: January 19, 1856
N. P. Selee, presumably an acquaintance of Isaac Goodnow, and a fellow New Englander, wrote to Goodnow from the East Coast, describing to Goodnow his desire to settle in Kansas. Selee asked Goodnow to respond to what may have been typical emigrant concerns about the trip, which from Selee, included questions about Kansas' future as a free state, the business prospects for raising cattle, and whether or not he ought to "look for a wife" before coming to Kansas, or if he would be likely to find quality companionship in the Territory.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Emigration and immigration; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Selee, N.P.; Travel; Women


Letter, Marc [Parrott] to Dear Edd [Edwin Parrott]
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: April 30, 1856
Marcus Parrott wrote from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to his brother, Edwin Parrott of Dayton, Ohio, regarding his current economic situation. Marcus was quitting his private law practice for lack of demand, and remarked that there was "little chance of fair play in the courts" anyway. He intended to invest in real estate, and asked his brother and father for any money they might spare. Marcus also referred to a mass migration of men from Alabama, lead by Major Buford, who had come to settle in K.T. in support of slavery.

Keywords: Buford, Jefferson; Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Neosho, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Edwin A.; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Real estate investment; Town development


Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to My Dear Ellen [Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: August 4, 1856
Isaac Goodnow wrote from Rhode Island, as he was traveling on the East Coast, to his wife in Kansas Territory, reporting on his efforts to fundraise for the creation of a college in the Territory. Goodnow thought he should "be able to put the college, through right, by staying East long enough." He made mention of contribution amounts he had garnered already, and was sending the cash home.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Education; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Travel; Universities and colleges


Letter, Nathan Starks to Messrs. [Owners of the West Lawrence Town Site]
Authors: Starks, Nathan
Date: April 21, 1857
Nathan Starks wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to the "Owners of that portion of the Town Site known as West Lawrence", regarding his previous requests to make town lot purchases from the Town Company. Starks found it difficult to conduct this business transaction since the various owners of the town site, including Hiram Hill were not based locally. Ultimately, Starks hoped to acquire enough land to build housing for his machinery, with housing for his employees adjacent to his business.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hill, Hiram; Starks, Nathan; Town development; Town lots; West Lawrence, Kansas Territory


Letter, Joseph Denison to Dear Bro. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Denison, Joseph
Date: May 6, 1857
Joseph Denison wrote from Parkville, Missouri, to Isaac Goodnow, who was traveling . Denison reported that his solicitations for support of a college in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, had recently been well received. Among the interested parties were C. Evans and P. Judson of Evanstan, Illinois, who had been successful in building up Northwestern University in that area. Samuel Pomeroy also conveyed his interest, having pledged an investment to the cause on behalf of the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Universities and colleges


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: May 18, 1857
This brief letter from Samuel Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee was dated May 18, [1857), from Boston, Massachusetts. Among other business matters, he reported the fact that the two men now owned "one half of the 'Squatter Sovereign' (Stringfellows organ)" and "[Robert] McBratney of Ohio owns the other half--We have hoisted a Free State Flag!"

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Boston, Massachusetts; Business enterprises; Free state; Freedom's Champion; Hyatt, Thaddeus; McBratney, Robert; Proslavery; Squatter Sovereign; Stringfellow, John H.


Letter [transcript], Josiah Miller to Dear Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date: June 15, 1857
Josiah Miller wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to his Father and Mother in Chester, South Carolina, before their departure for Kansas Territory. Miller informed them of banking practices and his new business enterprise-- raising stock. He also discussed the value of prairie land versus timbered land. Miller referred to the "bogus" election of the day before, which elected delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Lecompton. Free state men did not vote, and only 2,071 votes were polled. This clearly showing that, had the election been conducted fairly, the free state men would have won the majority.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Bogus laws; Bogus legislature; Business enterprises; Democratic Party (U.S.); Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state perspective; Illinois; Land sales; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )


Stock Certificate, one share of Delaware City town lots
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: July 8, 1857
The Delaware Town Company of Lawrence issued this certificate which documented Samuel F. Tappan's ownership of one share of town stock valued at $500. Investors in Delaware City promoted the town as the point on the Missouri River from which freight could be shipped to Lawrence most cheaply.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Delaware City, Kansas Territory; Delaware Town Company of Lawrence; Emery, James Stanley; Prentiss, S.B.; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Town shares


Letter, Tho. Ewing, Jr., to Dear Hamp [H. B. Denman]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: July 25, 1857
From Leavenworth, Ewing wrote to a law and business partner, Hamp Denman, who was working on some possible land acquisitions in the Osaukee (Ozawkie?) vicinity. Ewing provided some specific instruction regarding a number of potential deals, including the "fraction . . . Adjoining the Kaw land directly opposite Topeka. My sole object in buying would be to have a RR [railroad] depot on the land, & lay out a town."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kansa Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Kansa Indians; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation


Letter, I. T. G. [Isaac Goodnow] to My Dear Ellen [Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: August 20, 1857
Isaac Goodnow wrote from his travels in Ohio to his wife, Ellen, in Shannon, Kansas Territory. This letter serves as a good example of the many than Goodnow sent home to his wife during his travels in the States, as he fundraised for the construction of Bluemont College and a non-denominational church in Manhattan. In this instance, Goodnow answers the request of his friend, Joseph Denison, to return to the Territory early, without raising the remaining $500; Goodnow replied that is would "diminish his self respect" to do so, but asked his wife her opinion. He also gave her instructions for maintaining their land and homestead, imploring that she contract out as much work as possible, in order to ease her own duties.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Churches; Daily life; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Shannon, Kansas Territory; Travel; Universities and colleges; Women


Letter, Edward B. Smythe to Hiram Hill
Authors: Smythe, Edward B.
Date: August 31, 1857
Edward Smythe wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, regarding his experiences in Manhattan. Smythe described his journey West and his newly established lumber business. He found the people of Manhattan to be enjoyable and prosperous. Smythe illustrated their character by describing the ladies' festival planned for the coming week, in which funds will be raised to defray the expenses of constructing a beautiful new schoolhouse. He added that he would now begin his search for a "better half".

Keywords: Business enterprises; Construction; Education; Hill, Hiram; Hotels; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Smythe, Edward B.; Timber


Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: September 13, 1857
This very personal letter from Charles Robinson in Lawrence to his wife Sara visiting back east touches on a number of things such as "keeping house on the hill," business and financial interests, and being "tired" of the turmoil in Kansas Territory, but mostly it expresses the husband's longing for the wife to return.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Domestics; Houses; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Panic of 1857; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911


Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: October 3, 1857
From Lawrence, Charles Robinson wrote to Sara to finalize arrangements for meeting her in St. Louis later in the month, but he also mentioned a "Daniel Foster and Mr. Nute." The former was "mad with me & [Jim] Lane because he couldn't carry his policy in the Grasshopper Falls Convention."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Foster, Daniel; Grasshopper Falls Convention; Nute, Ephraim; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; St. Louis, Missouri


Letter, I. T. G. [Isaac Goodnow] to My Dear Ellen [Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: October 22, 1857
Isaac Goodnow wrote from New York City to his wife in Shannon, Kansas Territory. This letter is one of many written from Goodnow to Ellen which update her on the status of his travels and fundraising. This particular example includes a mention of Goodnow's desire to solicit the support of Henry Ward Beecher, whose pamphlet "Defence of Kansas" speaks passionately against allowing slavery in the Territory.

Keywords: Beecher, Henry Ward; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; New York, New York; Travel


Letter, Chauncey Shaffer to Brother Denison
Authors: Shaffer, Chauncey
Date: October 27, 1857
This letter from Chauncey Shaffer, a New York attorney, to Joseph Denison, an agent for Bluemont College, is one example of many letters received by Denison and Isaac Goodnow which pledged monetary support for the creation of the college in Manhattan, Kansas Territory. In this case, Shaffer would do his best to raise $5000, but cautioned against expecting too much, as tough financial times were upon them.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Economic conditions; Universities and colleges


Letter, your affect. Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: December 5, 1857
Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, in Illinois. Trego described the furnishings and atmosphere in their "Bachelor's Hall" of a cabin. As he greatly missed them, Trego was eager to receive his family's daguerreotypes by mail; he also spoke at length about both business and domestic matters at home. His friend Ell (Thomas Ellwood Smith) prepared to embark on a trip to St. Louis to purchase a corn mill, which they hoped would translate into a business enterprise that would sustain the three of them.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Daguerreotypes; Domestics; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Livestock; Mills and mill-work; Missouri River; Smith, Edwin; Smith, Thomas Ellwood; St. Louis, Missouri; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington


Letter, Your affectionate Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: December 21, 1857
Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, in Illinois. Trego, in addition to elaborating on hunting and mill work, described at length the skirmishing between local free state and proslavery men, which had been continuous throughout the summer and fall. He reported the manner in which Missourians had seized and occupied lands in the absence of their owners, who were free state men. "Bogus courts" had brought the free state men who defended their lands to court, which resulted in so many fees owed that the men had to sell their land to pay them; the new owners were usually Missourians. Trego accused proslavery supporters of fabricating stories about destruction caused by warring Abolitionists in order to draw the support of the U.S. troops. Controversy over the Lecompton Constitution flourished in free state circles; the Free State Legislature in Topeka had repealed the "bogus laws" of the Territorial Legislature and appointed James Lane the head of a free state militia.

Keywords: Bogus laws; Bogus legislature; Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Business enterprises; Free state legislature; Free state militia; Hunting; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lecompton Constitution; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Military; Mills and mill-work; Missourians; Proslavery supporters; Sharps rifles; Skirmishing; Stanton, Frederick Perry, 1814-1894; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington


Letter, Your affect. Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: January 2, 1858
Joseph Trego wrote from his cabin near Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, in Rock Island, Illinois. Trego briefly updated her on the status of the mill enterprise before expressing more personal sentiments. He felt it had been a mistake not to bring her to the Territory, as he could not devote all of his energy to the tasks at hand for missing her. Trego also discussed the length of time it took her letters to reach him via the postal service.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Postal service; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Women


Letter, Your loving Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: January 18, 1858
Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, at their family's home in Illinois. Trego, tired of "keeping bach" (living a bachelor's lifestyle), he occupied himself with the milling business, which was sawing 4000 ft of lumber each day. A member of the town company in Mound City, he had also recently traveled to gain support for the construction of some new roads in the area; he was also interested in developing a school. At the end of the letter, Trego wrote personal notes to each of his three daughters.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Roads; School buildings; Schools; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Teachers; Timber; Town development; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington


Letter, S.T. Learnard to Dear Son [Oscar Learnard]
Authors: Learnard, S. T.
Date: January 19, 1858
S.T. Learnard wrote from Bakersfield, Vermont, to his son, Oscar Learnard of Kansas Territory, in this transcribed version of his letter. S.T. commented on a proposition made to him by Oscar concerning his taking over Oscar's business in Kansas while Oscar himself would go West for gold mining. Oscar's father advised against this, and made other suggestions as to how his own accounts, as well as his son's, could be managed profitably. S. T. also asked about the state of the Territorial Legislature, dubbed the Border Ruffians "imps of darkness," and encouraged Oscar to continue the fight for liberty.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Business enterprises; Gold mines and mining; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Learnard, S. T.; National politics; Real estate investment


Letter, Your devoted Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: January 24, 1858
Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, at their family's home in Illinois. Trego described how, since the shelter being built around the mill equipment was not yet complete, the wind and rain interfered with their ability to work. Though the work was hard, he favored the milling business over other means toward income. Trego responded to a newspaper article from the Rock Island Advertiser that his wife had sent him, deeming their coverage of the Kansas troubles "sensational." He expected that Fort Scott would soon be destroyed by free state militiamen, as "Bourbon County Bandits" (proslavery supporters) had been harassing extensively free state supporters in the area. Despite all this disorder, the development prospects of Mound City, in Linn County, appeared favorable.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Business enterprises; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Neosho, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Postal service; Proslavery activities; Railroads; Rock Island Advertiser; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Telegraph; Town development; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Weather


Letter, Your aff. husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Authors: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: February 13, 1858
Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, at their family's home in Illinois. Trego further expressed his disappointment that his wife did not plan to travel to the Territory with him that spring. The change in plans did not seem to disrupt those of the Smith brothers, Trego's companions, as they planned to gather their own families. Trego supposed he would stay behind and conduct business at the mill and perhaps enter the market for land sales. The mill's shelter had successfully been erected the day before, so their production would not not be so dependent on the weather conditions.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Land sales; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Missouri River; Real estate investment; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Weather; Women


Letter, S.T. Learnard to Dear Son [Oscar Learnard]
Authors: Learnard, S. T.
Date: February 15, 1858
S.T. Learnard wrote from Bakersfield, Vermont, to his son, Oscar Learnard of Kansas Territory, in this transcribed version of his letter. S.T. asked his son for his opinion on the effect of property and emigration if the Lecompton Constitution would be passed by Congress. He also advised him on business matters and updated him on the news of family and friends back home. S.T. communicated his hope that Oscar would maintain honor and principal during his course in business, unlike the "contemptable" President Buchanan's course in politics.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Business; Business enterprises; Daily life; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Learnard, S. T.; Lecompton Constitution; Vermont


Speech of Hon. James H. Hammond of South Carolina on the Admission of Kansas under the Lecompton Constitution
Authors: Hammond, James H.
Date: March 4, 1858
Senator James Hammond offered this speech as a rebuttal to those recently presented by Senators in oppositon to his perspective, questioning their argument that the Lecompton Constitutional Convention was a tool of the Territorial Government to maintain the dominance of proslavery policy. Hammond maintained instead that the Convention was "an assembly of the people in their highest sovereign capacity" and thus acted with the will of the majority of Kansas citizens. He also indicated that the South did not feel threated by the possibility of Kansas becoming a free state, as their exports and businesses were well off even without the increased foreign slave trade that Kansas potentially could bring.

Keywords: Adams, Zu; Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Business enterprises; Hammond, James H.; Kansas Nebraska Act; Lecompton Constitution; Lecompton Constitutional Convention, September 1857; Popular sovereignty; South Carolina; Southerners; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Territorial government


Quit Claim Document donating land to the Topeka Mill Company
Authors: Topeka Association
Date: March 20, 1858
The trustees of the Topeka Association agreed to donate to the Topeka Mill Company the entire block on which the mill was located (north of First Avenue between Kansas and Jackson).

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cleveland, L. G.; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Dickey, Milton C.; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Thornton, Thomas G.; Topeka Association; Topeka Mill Company; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town associations


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: March 25, 1858
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, regarding various aspects of town development. Chadwick told Hill of some controversy over his ownership of some lands, both "outside" and in town, which were also being claimed by Wyandotte Indians. He described the potential for new businesses to open in Quindaro, including a machine shop and foundry. Chadwick waited for the arrival of new immigrants and hoped the "eastern capitalists" would introduce more money into their economy. He added his comments about the fraudulent ratification of the Lecompton Constitution, suggesting that the Constitution would do the most good "with the. . .box under the woodpile".

Keywords: Business enterprises; Chadwick, Charles; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robitaille, Robert; Town development; Walker, Joel; Wyandot Indians


Letter, F. G. Kimble to Mr. [George] Collamore
Authors: Kimble, F. G.
Date: April 11, 1858
F. G. Kimble of Damascoville, Columbiana County, Ohio, wrote to George Collamore enquiring about an advertisement he had seen for a room to let. Kimble, owner of a photography business, wanted to know if the conditions of the room were suitable for the operation of a studio and darkroom. He also asked about the condition of life in Lawrence, and if it the population there would be able to support him economically.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Collamore, George W.; Emigration and immigration; Kimble, F.G.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Ohio; Photographers


Letter, R. S. Stevens to Hon. J. W. Denver
Authors: Stevens, Robert S.
Date: April 14, 1858
Robert S. Stevens wrote from Washington, D.C. to James W. Denver, governor of Kansas, discussing manners of obtaining and using certain Indian lands. Stevens had been in contact with Charles Mix, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, in order to understand the existing agreements between the government and the various tribes. He pressed Governor Denver to make a treaty with the Delaware and Pottawatomie tribes to get control of their lands before the end of the current legislative session, which would allow him to present and get approval for any necessary bills relating to the lands in a shorter amount of time.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian lands; Mix, Charles E.; Native Americans; Pottawatomi Indians; Railroad companies; Stevens, Robert S.; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs


Letter, A.C. Morton to Mr. Hill
Authors: Morton, Albert C.
Date: April 30, 1858
Albert Morton wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Morton reported that the arrival of two new Eastern businessmen had brought business growth to the town, including a sash and blind factory and new three-story brick building. Despite these new constructions, Morton described the atmosphere as "dull". Though it was a bad time to sell land, since money was scarce, with the recent opening of Indian lands to settlement it was an optimum time to buy land at a low price.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Hill, Hiram; Indian lands; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, J. W. Robinson to G.W. Collamore, Esq.
Authors: Robinson, John W.
Date: May 24, 1858
J. W. Robinson wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to George Collamore. Robinson sought to have up to $1000 worth of doors and sashes shipped to him in Manhattan, and offered to trade some of his properties in Quindaro, St. George, Ashland, and Pittsburg for them. He described all of these properties as good investments, not "paper cities".

Keywords: Ashland, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Collamore, George W.; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Land sales; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pittsburg, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Riley City, Kansas Territory; Robinson, John W.; St. George, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, S.T. Learnard to Dear Son [Oscar Learnard]
Authors: Learnard, S. T.
Date: June 9, 1858
S.T. Learnard wrote from Bakersfield, Vermont, to his son, Oscar Learnard of Kansas Territory, in this transcribed version of his letter. S.T. mentioned his recent trip to Illinois and his efforts to obtain land warrants. He also requested that Oscar send him word on the status of his crops and mill, as his own friends were urging him to stay in business in Vermont. The author also referred to the upcoming August vote in which the English Bill, which essentially re-submitted the once-rejected proslavey Lecompton Constitution to a vote in Kansas Territory, would be approved or rejected by popular sovereignty.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Business enterprises; Daily life; English Bill; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Learnard, S. T.; Lecompton Constitution; National politics; Vermont


Letter, T. M. Eddy to the Officers of _____ R.R.
Authors: Eddy, T.M.
Date: July 2, 1858
This letter written by T. M. Eddy, is an example of many letters of introduction written on the behalf of Isaac Goodnow. Goodnow, recently emigrated to Kansas Territory, was traveling extensively in the East in order to raise money for the construction of a new college in Manhattan. He succeeded in founding Bluemont College, which was a precursor to Kansas State University. Letters like these would have increased Goodnow's credibility when meeting new potential investors.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Travel; Universities and colleges


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Dear Sir [Isaac Goodnow]
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: July 21, 1858
Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote to Isaac Goodnow, indicating his overwhelming approval for the creation of a college in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, not knowing of a "more beautiful and eligible spot than the one selected." Webb communicated his pride in the fact that a Free State supporter would be the one to initiate such a project, and told Goodnow he had recently received a $12,000 donation from a Massachussetts man, which was to support the college.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Free state supporters; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Landscape; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Universities and colleges; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, John Vansickle to Dear Sir
Authors: Vansickle, John H.
Date: September 1, 1858
John Vansickle wrote from Bourbon County to the recipient (most likely a family member) regarding his business selling goods. Money was scarce for him, though the crops were faring well. Vansickle included the current prices for various commodities and told of his plans to travel East the following spring. He expressed concern that he had not heard from many of his friends since moving to Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Crops; Daily life; Economic conditions; Merchants; Prices; Vansickle, John H.; Xenia, Kansas Territory


Resolution of the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: September 13, 1858
Thomas Webb drafted this copy of a resolution adopted by the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, which moved to allow Isaac Goodnow to sell twenty Manhattan town lots owned by the Company, with 50% of the proceeds going to support Goodnow's fund to support the founding of a college in Manhattan, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Town lots; Universities and colleges; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, S.T. Learnard to Dear Son [Oscar Learnard]
Authors: Learnard, S. T.
Date: September 14, 1858
S.T. Learnard wrote from Bakersfield, Vermont, to his son, Oscar Learnard of Kansas Territory, in this transcribed version of his letter. S.T. mentioned his recent election to the Vermont State Legislature, in which the Republicans "swept the kitchen clean" of the Democratic candidates. He also asked about land operations in Kansas Territory, but added that he was opening a store of his own in Vermont. He discussed the possibility of obtaining buffalo and otter skins from Kansas to add to his store inventory.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Democratic Party (U.S.); Elections; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Learnard, S. T.; Merchandise; Merchants; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Vermont


Letter, J. J. I. [John J. Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: October 5, 1858
On his first full day in Sumner, Ingalls penned a second letter to his father to convey his first impressions of "that Promised Land." The reality Ingalls found and described was quite different than what was depicted in "the lithographic fiction" he had been shown back East. Other than the hotel, the "city" was composed of a "few log huts and miserable cabins . . . None of the premises are fenced," wrote Ingalls, "the whole place being open to the incursions of dogs and pigs which exist in large numbers and seem in fact to constitute the greater amount of the population." Virtually everything about the place distressed Ingalls, who was "quite unable to convey to you any definite idea of the disappointment, not unmingled with anger and mortification with which I contemplate the State of affairs here."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Commerce; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Houses; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Livestock; Pikes Peak gold rush; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Town development; Town promotion


Letter, S.T. Learnard to Dear Son [Oscar Learnard]
Authors: Learnard, S. T.
Date: November 6, 1858
S.T. Learnard wrote from Montpelier, Vermont, to his son Oscar Learnard of Kansas Territory, in this transcribed version of his letter. The author commended Oscar for his honorable conduct in supporting right and justice, while expressing his dissatisfaction with his fellow Vermont State Legislators who "appear to be ignorant of the nature and effect of Laws and pay but little attention to their passage." He also asked his son to dispose of his land interests in Lawrence and requested that Oscar update him on his business and future prospects.

Keywords: Business; Business enterprises; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Land speculation; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Learnard, S. T.; Real estate investment; Vermont


Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill
Authors: Chadwick, Charles
Date: November 17 & 24, 1858
Charles Chadwick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, defending Quindaro from rumors that deemed the town defunct. Chadwick blamed the bad management of the Town Company for the current troubles, and described various opportunities Quindaro still had for further development. Though property was not selling at all, according to Chadwick, prospects for future railroad and ferry traffic still were positive. He expressed his disappointment at Robert Lawrence, and accused him of giving Chadwick a false impression of the likelihood of Hill winning the land claim dispute with Robert Robetaille. A businessman had landed with a great deal of machinery looking to build a "manufactory", and Quindaro's investors were doing all they could to woo him.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Causin, Nathanial Pope; Chadwick, Charles; Ferries; Gold mines and mining; Hill, Hiram; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Pikes Peak gold rush; Quindaro Chindowan; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: December 2, 1858
Ingalls opened this letter with comments on the weather ("the fine days are so beautiful as to compensate for a large amount of ambiguous weather"), problems with shipping freight, and mention of various items of clothing he had received from the family, but he gave considerable attention to the city of Atchison, its newspaper (Freedom's Champion) and its growth. Sumner compared favorably, as to future prospects, in Ingalls's estimation, with the location of future railroads the key to success. He also encouraged his father to make a spring visit so he could assess for himself "the opportunities for business and the prospects of progress" in this "most important party of the continent."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Clothing and dress; Freedom's Champion; Freight and freightage; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Newspapers - Free State; Newspapers - Pro-slavery; Railroads; Squatter Sovereign; Weather


Letter, John Vansickle to Dear Sir
Authors: Vansickle, John H.
Date: December 11, 1858
John Vansickle wrote from Bourbon County regarding his business selling goods, which was "on the gaining hand" since he was the only merchant from the "river clear to the state line." There had been three inches of snow, he said, but the temperature had not yet reached zero. Vansickle again invited the recipient of this letter to visit him in the spring.

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Merchandise; Merchants; Prices; Vansickle, John H.; Weather; Xenia, Kansas Territory


Indenture, purchase of town lots by Bluemont College Trustees
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 21, 1858
This indenture outlines the terms of a sale of thirteen acres of land, sold by Thomas and Eleanor Wells to the Trustees of the Bluemont Central College Association, which included as its members Joseph Denison, Isaac Goodnow, Samuel D. Houston, Washington Marlott, C.E. Blood, and William A. McCullow.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Houston, Samuel D.; Land sales; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Marlott, Washington; McCullow, William A.; Riley County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Abelard Guthrie to Hiram Hill, Esq.
Authors: Guthrie, Abelard
Date: January 18, 1859
Abelard Guthrie wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts. Guthrie reported that there had been "considerable progress" in Quindaro lately: a railroad was being constructed, telegraph wires were hung, and a factory and foundry had been established. Guthrie told Hill that if Hill would forget the Kansas Avenue grading disagreement and repay him his debt, Guthrie would travel to Washington to obtain a railroad grant.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad companies; Telegraph; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Hiram Hill to Dear Brother
Authors: Hill, Hiram
Date: April 10, 1859
Hiram Hill wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to his brother. Hill traveled to Lawrence to settle various business matters, but found himself preoccupied with repairing rat damage to the foundation of one of his homes. He had found renters for all of his buildings himself, as he was not inclined to trust anyone to do the business for him since "they are a promising set of cutthroats". Hill would not travel to Manhattan or Topeka but would stop in Quindaro before heading back to Massachusetts.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Construction; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Settlement; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Whitney, Thaddeus L.


Resolution of the Kansas and Nebraska Annual Conference
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: April 16, 1859
This copy of a resolution, drafted by the Kansas and Nebraska Annual Conference of Omaha City, Nebraska Territory, resolved to approve the efforts of the Trustees of Bluemont Cental College in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to "erect a noble college edifice" and to support Isaac Goodnow's continuation as Agent.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Houston, Samuel D.; Kansas and Nebraska Annual Conference; McCullow, William A.


Contract, Isaac Goodnow and Jasher H. Brous for constrution of college building
Authors: Brous, Jasher ; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: April 19, 1859
This document outlines an agreement between Isaac T. Goodnow, Agent for Bluemont Central College, and Jasher H. Brous, for construction of a College building. It includes details of individual rooms and specifications of the entire building, as well as a schedule for payments that would be made to Brous.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Brous, Jasher H.; Business enterprises; Construction; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; School buildings


Letter, John Pipher to All Whom it may concern
Authors: Pipher, John
Date: April 20, 1859
John Pipher, President of the Board of Trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, wrote a generic letter of recommendation on the behalf of Isaac Goodnow, "Agent to raise funds for Bluemont College." This letter promoted the College as providing for the "Religious & Literary welfare of the Youth of Kansas", and would lend Goodnow credibility when traveling out of the Territory to solicit donations.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pipher, John; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Universities and colleges


Letter, John Pipher to J. J. Davis & Dr. Valtier
Authors: Pipher, John
Date: April 20, 1859
John Pipher, writing from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, composed this letter to J.J. Davis and a Dr. Valtier, expressing his own enthusiasm for the creation of Bluemont Central College, hoping to elicit their support as well. Pipher anticipated that the College would attract "men of families and of wealth" to the area, which would stimulate growth and trade enough so that the College would pay for itself within one year.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pipher, John; Real estate investment; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Town development; Universities and colleges


Contract, Isaac Goodnow and Clark W. Lewis for construction of college building
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Lewis, Clark W.
Date: April 27, 1859
This document outlines an agreement between Isaac Goodnow, Agent for Bluemont Central College in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, and Clark Lewis of Pottawattomie County. Lewis was to construct a second College building, an "edifice of stone." The indenture describes in detail the building's specifications, completion date of contruction, and the schedule of payments due to Lewis for his labor and materials.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Construction; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Lewis, Clark W.; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; School buildings


Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to Rev. C. E. Blood
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: May 5, 1859
Isaac Goodnow, writing from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, on his way to New England, related his experiences with a Mr. Vivaldi, a newspaper editor in Wyandotte, to C. E. Blood in Manhattan. Goodnow told Blood that Vivaldi would run a series of articles and advertisements about Manhattan in short order, and that promotional articles needed to be submitted as soon as possible. Goodnow also emphasized that, upon his arrival to Manhattan, Vivaldi should have his "expectations" met, and that all efforts should be taken to impress him.

Keywords: Advertisements; Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspaper buildings; Newspapers; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Steamboats; Town development; Town promotion; Wyandotte, Kansas Territory; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter, I. T. Goodnow to My Dear Brother [Joseph] Denison
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: May 7, 1859
Isaac Goodnow wrote en route to New England from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, to Joseph Denison in Manhattan. Goodnow told Denison to expect a shipment of 36 tons of lumber and building supplies to be brought on the steamboat "Gus Linn", which was build specifically to navigate the Kansas River. He also wished that Denison dispose of two yokes of steers, in order to pay on the College.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Construction; Denison, Joseph; Freight and freightage; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Steamboats


Letter, I. T. Goodnow to Dear Br. [Joseph] Denison
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: May 16, 1859
Isaac Goodnow wrote from his travels in New England to Joseph Denison. Goodnow was concerned that the finances of the College were being handled carelessly, as he had received word that city taxes had been paid on College lots when it was his understanding they were not even eligible to be taxed. He also stressed that the building supply accounts be kept organized. Goodnow included checks amounting to $150 with his letter to Denison.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Finance; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Marlott, Washington; Taxation


Letter, Geo. S. Park to I. T. Goodnow
Authors: Park, George S.
Date: June 7, 1859
George Park wrote from Parkville, Missouri, to Isaac Goodnow in New York City. Park confessed to Goodnow that he would not be able to pay into their investments this season, on account of hard economic times. However, he was willing to sell his property in Manhattan, which had been a "continual drain" on him from the beginning. Park criticized Goodnow's efforts: "I think you are too fast That country hardly wants a college yet. We perhaps had better have waited until times are better."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Park, George S.; Parkville, Missouri; Pikes Peak gold rush; Real estate investment; Town lots; Universities and colleges


Letter, Joseph Denison to Dear Bro. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Denison, Joseph
Date: June 8, 1859
Joseph Denison wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Isaac Goodnow, who was traveling in New England. Denison reported recent college construction expenditures to Goodnow, illustrating his attempts to "financier as faithfully and as economically" as he could, and updated his on the construction's progress. He encouraged Goodnow to sell city lots and obtain land warrants, both of which were in high demand.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Construction; Denison, Joseph; Finance; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Steamboats; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter of endorsement from N. P. Banks
Authors: Banks, N.P.
Date: June 15, 1859
N. P. Banks wrote a general letter of endorsement supporting the construction of Bluemont Central College, currently in progress. This recommendation would better Isaac Goodnow's credibility and reputation as he continued to solicit donations and investors to support the College.

Keywords: Banks, N. P.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Universities and colleges


Letter, Isaac T. Goodnow to William Claflin, Esq.
Authors: Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894
Date: June 16, 1859
Isaac T. Goodnow, traveling in New England, wrote to William Claflin. Goodnow told Claflin that he and Joseph Denison wished to honor him by naming their first building at Bluemont Central College "Claflin Hall". He promoted the College as to become the Harvard College of Central Kansas, and emphasized that Claflin would get more for his money investing in a "rising state" than he would in an older state.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Claflin, William; Denison, Joseph; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; School buildings; Universities and colleges


Letter, Wm H Goode to Rev. J. Denison
Authors: Goode, William H.
Date: July 18, 1859
William Goode wrote to Joseph Denison from a camp at the foot of the Rocky Mountains. Goode described "forbidding" circumstances at the start of their journey West, having met a "great stampede" of settlers returning East. However, upon arrival at the mining operations, Goode found the settlement orderly, provisions plentiful, and the landscape beautiful. Though he hesitated to speculate, Goode predicted that the following year would be prosperous for mining enterprises.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Emigration and immigration; Goode, William H.; Landscape; Mining; Pikes Peak gold rush; Rocky Mountains


Letter, Ellen D. Goodnow to My Dear Husband [Isaac Goodnow]
Authors: Goodnow, Ellen
Date: August 28, 1859 August 28, 1859
Ellen Goodnow wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to her husband, Isaac, who was traveling in New England. Goodnow mentioned that students, who would attend Bluemont College beginning in November, were coming to the area to board. She told her husband that they would be lodging with the Denisons during the coming winter, and asked him what furnishings they could provide. Goodnow also advised him about purchasing wallpaper and upholstery to decorate their church sanctuary.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Churches; Goodnow, Ellen; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; House furnishings; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Merchandise; Riley County, Kansas Territory


Letter, Joseph Denison to Dear Br. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Denison, Joseph
Date: September 7, 1859
Joseph Denison wrote from Soldier Creek, Jackson County, K.T., to Isaac Goodnow. Denison reported on the construction of the Bluemont College building, advising him that the lower floor would need plastering before classes could be held there in the coming winter. He recounted the sinking of the steamer "Gus Linn", which was carrying building supplies for the College, on a sandbar in the Kansas River. Denison also recommended that Goodnow see about purchasing a common seal for the Trustees of Bluemont College to use on legal documents.

Keywords: Blood, C.E.; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Construction; Denison, Joseph; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; House furnishings; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Kansas River, Kansas Territory; School buildings; Steamboats


Letter, Ivison & Phinney American Educational Publishing House to Rev. Isaac T. Goodnow
Authors: Ivison & Phinney, American Educational Publishing House
Date: October 20, 1859
This letter, written by Ivison & Phinney of the American Educational Publishing House on illustrated letterhead, confirmed that a shipment of textbook samples had been sent to Isaac Goodnow. The books were to be incorporated into Bluemont College's library; the publishing house hoped this promotion would lead to future textbook purchases by Goodnow.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Books; Business enterprises; Education; Ivison & Phinney, American Educational Publishing House


Letter, C. Robinson to My Dear Sir [Amos A. Lawrence]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: November 12, 1859
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts, expressing his concern that Lawrence's name was not included on a college proposal submitted by S.N. Simpson, which indicated he was not among the supporters of the enterprise. Robinson mentioned the upcoming election for Territorial delegate to Congress, in which Marcus Parrott, a Republican, was a favorite. He also sought advice from Lawrence about a complicated financial matter.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Elections; Finance; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pikes Peak, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Universities and colleges


People's Store!! Palermo, Kansas
Authors: Swendson, Sevest
Date: November 14, 1859
Broadside announcing opening of a new dry goods grocery store.

Keywords: Advertisements; Business enterprises; Clothing and dress; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Food; Palermo, Kansas Territory; Retail businesses; Swendson, Sevest


Letter, James R. Mead to [Father]
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: December 25, 1859
In this letter, Mead informed his father, who still lived in Davenport, Iowa, that he had established a trading post along the Saline River in order to trade with the Indians. Mead, along with his business partners, had stored up meat for the winter and had built a comfortable house. Apparently, times were still very difficult in Kansas, although Mead seems to have fared quite well. The letter ended with personal advice to his father about a mare who was no longer worth keeping.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Businessmen; Horses; Indian traders; Kansas Frontier; Mead, James R.; Native Americans; Ottawa County, Kansas Territory; Saline River, Kansas Territory; Trading posts


Leavenworth City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy
Date: 1859
In addition to advertisements, and information about various civic institutions in Leavenworth, this city directory also contained an historical sketch of the city attributed to H. Miles Moore, one of Leavenworth's early settlers. Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials and community institutions. The volume contained a number of ads for businesses in St. Louis, Missouri. The item referenced a map that was supposed to serve as a street guide but it was not contained in the KSHS copy of this item.

Keywords: Advertisements; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Missouri; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Retail businesses; St. Louis, Missouri; Town development; Women


Barclay's Business Directory of Leavenworth for 1859
Authors: Pierse, Allen
Date: 1859
In addition to a listing of businesses and advertisements, the directory included the elected officials for the city of Leavenworth for 1858-59 and the newspapers published in Leavenworth. A few women are listed as owners of businesses. The information for the directory was compiled by Allen Pierse.

Keywords: Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Pierse, Allen; Retail businesses; Town development; Women


Atchison City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy
Date: 1859
This was the first City Directory published for Atchison. In addition to advertisements, a street directory, and information about various civic institutions in Atchison, it also contained an historical sketch of the city written by Dr. J. H. Stringfellow, one of Atchison's "earliest pioneers." Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials.

Keywords: Advertisements; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Retail businesses; Stringfellow, John H.; Town development; Women


Legal document, trading license for John W. Forman
Authors: Vanderslice, Daniel
Date: ca. 1859
This document, an unsigned copy drafted by Daniel Vanderslice, outlines the conditions of a $5000 loan taken from the U.S. government by Harvey W. and John W. Forman and John Pemberton. These men had already purchased land in what had become northern Doniphan County, founded the city of Iowa Point in 1854 on lands previously owned by Iowa Indians. The document also describes the conditions of a one-year trading license issued to John W. Forman, which stipulated that Forman must limit his trading to only certain areas and specific Indian tribes.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Forman, Harvey W.; Forman, John W.; Indian agents; Indian traders; Iowa Indians; Native Americans; Pemberton, John; Sac and Fox Indians; Vanderslice, Daniel


Photograph, Paola, Kansas, 1860s
Authors: Brown's Photographic Gallery, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas
Date: c. 1860
A street scene in Paola, Kansas, 1860s. The photograph was taken by Brown's Photographic Gallery, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas.

Keywords: Brown's Photographic Gallery; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Commerce; Covered wagons; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Paola, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Transportation


Photograph, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, KS
Date: c. 1860
A view of Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Knight, J. Lee; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; The New River Side Gallery; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Fourth Street and Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860
A view showing the corner of Fourth Street and Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. The buildings were located north of the Gordon House. Many of them were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Bliss, W. P.; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Merchants Union Express Company; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, KS
Date: c. 1860
A view of Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas. Many of the buildings were built during Kansas' time as a territory. The photograph was taken by J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Topeka, Kansas.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Knight, J. Lee; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; The New River Side Gallery; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas


Photograph, East side of Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860
A view of the east side of Kansas Avenue from slightly north of Sixth Street, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Butcher shops; Capitol Meat Market; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Covered wagons; Feed stores; J. F. Osenburg Saddle and Harness Manufacturer; Photographs and Illustrations; Provision Feed Seed Store; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Meat Market; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860
A view looking south from Sixth Street on Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. The Topeka Drug Store was located at 607 Kansas Avenue. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Drugstores; F. W. Giles & Co.; Groceries; Grocery trade; Horses; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Drug Store; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Wagons


Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas Territory
Authors: Lamon, W. H.
Date: c. 1860
A view of Massachusetts Street looking north from Henry Street, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, early 1860s. The photograph was taken by W. H. Lamon.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Covered wagons; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Horses; Lamon, W. H.; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Stereographs; Streets; Wagons


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
View of the main street showing stores and early forms of transportation, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; C. Weber & Bro's Clothing House; Cities and towns; Commerce; Covered wagons; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
View of the main street showing stores and early transportation, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
View of Atchison, Kansas Territory, looking southwest, c. 1860

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Houses; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860
View of Kansas Avenue at Fourth Street looking north, Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860
View of Commercial Street, Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860
View of businesses and houses in Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business on the corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Houses; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Letter, Wm R. Clark to Dear Bro. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Clark, William
Date: February 29, 1860
William Clark wrote from New England to Isaac Goodnow in Manhattan, Kansas Territory. Clark responded to a letter sent to him earlier by Goodnow, in which Goodnow asked Clark if he would act as a financial officer of Bluemont College. Clark admitted he did have reasons that might motivate him to accept, but added that he had "so little adaptation as to that [work] of begging money." He also feared, considering the present economic conditions in New England and within the Methodist Church, that he would not be successful in garnering any support for a College in Kansas Territory, as local interests currently prevailed. Clark declined the appointment.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Economic conditions; Finance; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Methodist Church; Universities and colleges


Statement, Charles F. de Vivaldi for Isaac Goodnow
Authors: de Vivaldi, Charles F.
Date: March 11, 1860
This document, written and signed by Charles F. de Vivaldi, Editor and Proprietor of the Manhattan Express newspaper in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, authorized Isaac Goodnow, as "an agent of Bluemont College and regular correspondent", to sell subscriptions to the paper.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Riley County, Kansas Territory; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter, J. [John] Pipher to Brother I. [Isaac] T. Goodnow
Authors: Pipher, John
Date: March 16, 1860
John Pipher, President of the Board of Trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, wrote to Isaac Goodnow, informing him that their church would not be ready for dedication until April the 8th. Goodnow had spent time over the last several years traveling in New England, raising money for construction of both the church and Bluemont Central College. Pipher also referred to the debts held by the church and asked Goodnow how much he could contribute.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Churches; Construction; Finance; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Pipher, John; Riley County, Kansas Territory


Contract, Investment partnership of B.F. Dalton and Edward E. Ropes
Authors: Dalton, Benjamin F. ; Ropes, Edward E.
Date: April 5, 1860
Benjamin F. Dalton and Edward E. Ropes each agreed to divide interest in their assets (land, provisions, and equipment) in half in order to go into the gold mining business in western Nebraska and Kansas Territories. This contract outlines the details of the agreement, which was signed and witnesses by George Collamore and Charles Ingersoll.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Collamore, George W.; Dalton, Benjamin F.; Gold mines and mining; Ingersoll, Charles; Kansas Territory; Land claims; Legal documents; Merchandise; Nebraska Territory; Ropes, Edward E.


Letter, Joseph Denison to Br. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Denison, Joseph
Date: May 21, 1860
Joseph Denison wrote from Powhattan, Brown County, K.T., to Isaac Goodnow regarding issues of management of the church and college they had recently constructed. Denison had discovered that, due to the state of their treasury, some property needed to be sold in order to pay the taxes on the church lots. He also worried about the state of Bluemont College, as it had thus far only attracted 20 students.

Keywords: Bills, legislative; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Churches; Denison, Joseph; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Taxation; United States. Congress; Universities and colleges; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter, Joseph Denison to Br. [Isaac] Goodnow
Authors: Denison, Joseph
Date: June 21, 1860
Joseph Denison wrote from Manhattan, Kansas Territory, to Isaac Goodnow. Denison reported that Charles de Vivaldi, editor and owner of the Manhattan Express newpaper, was having financial trouble. He asserted that it was in their own best interest to help him out, lest the demise of the newspaper "discourage & sour" their investors. Such a loss of confidence would "injure the College and all other enterprises here beyond calculation." Denison also congratulated himself and Goodnow on thus far avoiding legal trouble related to the construction of Bluemont College.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Denison, Joseph; Finance; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Marlott, Washington; Newspapers; Riley County, Kansas Territory; de Vivaldi, Charles F.


Letter, James [Mead] to My Dear Father
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: November 22, 1860
James Mead wrote from Salina, Kansas Territory to his father who lived in Davenport, Iowa. Apparently, Mead had heard news of Lincoln's election, but he did not know any specifics. The main focus of the letter was Mead's experiences buffalo hunting--he intended to send his father some of the meat. Between September 1 and the date of this letter he had shot 355 buffalo and killed 250 wolves. He had saved 250 buffalo hides and planned to sell them in St. Louis.

Keywords: Bison; Business enterprises; Hunting; Kansas Frontier; Mead, James R.; Prices; Salina, Kansas Territory; Saline County, Kansas Territory


Letter, James [Mead] to My dear Father
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: December 1, 1860
James Mead, a rancher and trader from Saline County, Kansas Territory, wrote this letter to his father, who lived in Davenport, Iowa. Mead and his companions were going to "the river" to send a load of buffalo meat and buffalo robes to the folks back home. He also spoke of a trading excursion he had taken recently to a Kaw Indian camp about twenty miles from his trading post, listing the goods that were traded. Although other settlers were suffering during the drought of 1860, Mead and those in the vicinity were faring quite well. He once again mentioned Lincoln's election and inquired about whether or not "the Union is dissolved."

Keywords: Bison; Business enterprises; Droughts; Election, Presidential, 1860; Food; Indian traders; Kansa Indians; Mead, James R.; Prices; Saline County, Kansas Territory; Saline River, Kansas Territory


Letter, Marcus J. Parrott to Isaac Goodnow
Authors: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: December 30, 1860
Marcus Parrott, Kansas Territory's delegate to Congress, wrote from Washington D.C. to Isaac Goodnow, confirming with him that he could safely count on the passage of his "College Bill" this legislative session. Goodnow, along with the other members of the Board of Trustees of Bluemont College in Manhattan, Kansas Territory, had submitted a bill to the legislature that would grant them legal title to the College and the land it occupied.

Keywords: Bills, legislative; Bluemont Central College; Business enterprises; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; United States. Congress


Pamphlet, "To the Public", an expose of the business practices of Charles Robinson
Authors: Guthrie, Abelard
Date: December 31, 1860
Abelard Guthrie, who had been a member of the Quindaro Town Company along with Charles Robinson, accused Robinson of abusing his position as Treasurer of the Company towards fraudulent and financially disastrous ends. Guthrie claimed that "the duty if every man is to expose villians whenever he has indubitable evidence of their true character," and berated himself for having trusted Robinson for so long. His accusations against Robinson are numerous, and he contended that "there is a moral poison in his very touch that blights and ruins whatever it falls upon."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Fraud; Guthrie, Abelard; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Town companies; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Advertisement calendar produced of O. Wilmath Books and Stationery
Authors: Wilmarth, O.
Date: 1860
O. Wilmarth's business was located in the Eldridge House, Lawrence, Kansas Territory. This advertisement calendar for 1860 indicated that Wilmarth was a wholesale and retail dealer in books and stationery. He also sold newspapers, magazines, and periodicals as well as wall paper and window shades.

Keywords: Advertisements; Books; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Eldridge House; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Retail businesses


Hints and Information for the use of Emigrants to Pike's Peak Embracing a Concise and Comprehensive Sketch of the Gold Region, the Best Routes, Points of Outfit, etc.
Authors: Drake, Samuel Adams
Date: 1860
This printed guide to those intending to go the the gold fields near Pike's Peak included a short history of the region since the discovery of the gold and a list of distances from Leavenworth via various locations to Denver City. It contained various tips about how to prepare for the trip. The pamphlet also promoted Leavenworth as "superior to any point on the border" and contained information about the city and the businesses there. For example, the pamphlet listed the number of various kinds of businesses, manufacturers, occupations, and social institutions in Leavenworth. A hand written note on the item indicated the information in the pamphlet was published in the Leavenworth Daily Times on February 14, 1860.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denver City, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Pikes Peak gold rush; Retail businesses; Town promotion; Travel


Letter, James [Mead] to My dear Father
Authors: Mead, James R.
Date: January 11, 1861
In this letter, James R. Mead wrote to his father concerning his buffalo hunting and trading. He had just returned from a trading trip, but he did not know what to do with all of the robes, so he planned to send them to his father. He included some advice about the best way to care for and sell these robes. He was hoping to come home to Davenport, Iowa for a visit in the spring, but only if the fur prices were on the rise; in a few days he was heading north to get more furs.

Keywords: Bison; Business enterprises; Clothing and dress; Indian traders; Kansas Frontier; Mead, James R.; Prices; Salina, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1863
A view of Massachusetts Street looking north , Lawrence, Kansas, 1863-1864. This carte-de-visite shows buildings constructed during the Kansas territorial period.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Gale block, Topeka, Kansas
Authors: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1864
A view of Gale block on the east side of Kansas Avenue, between 6th and 7th Streets, Topeka, Kansas, 1863-1865. The Gale block was used by the Kansas Legislature in the 1860s. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Bliss, W. P.; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Gale block, Topeka, Kansas; Mills and mill-work; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas


Photograph, Lawrence, Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1865
A view of Massachusetts Street looking south, Lawrence, Kansas, 1865-1866. This carte-de-visite shows buildings constructed during the territorial period of Kansas history.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Horses; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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