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49 results for Boston, Massachusetts:
Sheet Music, Ho! For Kansas
Authors: Griswold, J. C. M.; Manley, J. E.
Date: Undated
This sheet music was composed by R. C. M. Griswold with words by J. E. Manley.

Keywords: Antislavery; Antislavery perspective; Boston, Massachusetts; Kansas Frontier; Manley, J. E.; Music; Songs


Advertisement, Kansas Land Trust Co.
Authors: Kansas Land Trust Company
Date: Undated
This advertisement, presumably created by the Kansas Land Trust Company, lists thirty main points about Kansas Territory, including the advantages of settling in Kansas and general statistics about the territory. It also mentions the town of Quindaro and its growing influence in the area along the Kansas River. For those interested in obtaining tickets, the advertisement furnished the address of the New England Emigrant Aid Society. The bottom of the flyer provided the names of the officers that were involved in the company and their contact information.

Keywords: Advertisements; Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Kansas Land Trust Company; Land; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Skilled workers; Walker, Joel


An act to incorporate the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts House of Representatives
Date: April 13, 1854
This document was written by the Massachusetts House of Representatives, declaring that the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was an official company in the state of Massachusetts. It also described the purpose of the company and listed the men involved in running the company. This company was the predecessor to the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which was founded in March 1855.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875


Circular, Worcester County [Massachusetts] Kansas League
Authors: Worcester County Kansas League
Date: July 11, 1854
This printed circular, issued by the Worcester County Kansas League, advertises the establishment and growth of the "Emigrant Aid Company." It further explains their role in assisting New Englanders to emigrate to the Kansas Territory. Included are the Constitution and By-laws of the Worcester County Kansas League.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Circulars; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Williams, John M. S.; Worcester County Kansas League


Lyrics, Lays of the Emigrants
Authors: Whittier, John Greenleaf
Date: August 29, 1854
This title page of a musical booklet was subtitled, "as sung by the second party for Kanzas, on their departure from Boston." It contains two songs. The first of the songs was written by J. G. Whittier and named "The Kanzas Emigrants." The other song is T. B. H.'s "Song of the Kanzas Emigrants."

Keywords: Antislavery; Antislavery perspective; Boston, Massachusetts; Emigration and immigration; Lyrics; Music; Settlement; Songs; Whittier, John Greenleaf


Charter, Officers, and Objects of the Company
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: c. 1855
This charter of the New England Emigrant Aid Company lists officers, directors, members of the executive committee and information about the stock of the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Branscomb, Charles H.; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Shall Kansas be free?
Authors: Barker, Stephen
Date: February 7, 1855
Letter written about the Kansas Herald Of Freedom newspaper, and how it supported Kansas' entrance into the Union as a free state. It attempted to persuade other Bostonians to support the newspaper and its work on behalf of the free state cause.

Keywords: Barker, Stephen; Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Newspapers - Free State


Worcester County Kanzas League promotional brochure
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: February 13, 1855
This circular letter was written by Edward E. Hale on behalf of the Worcester County Kanzas League. It was probably affiliated with the New England Emigrant Aid Company as many of the officers are the same. The document provided detailed information about how emigrants would get to Kansasand tips for settling once they got there. He also provided information on how to support the League through the purchase of stock.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Branscomb, Charles H.; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroads; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.; Worcester County Kansas League; Worcester, Massachusetts


Worcester County Kansas League
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: March 1, 1855
The Emigrant Aid Company had to increase prices because rivers and lake were frozen. As a result, emigrants would have to travel by land with the use of railroads, leading to this price increase.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Missouri River; Railroads; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Worcester County Kansas League


To the citizens of Missouri
Authors: Brown, John Carter, 1797-1874
Date: September 1855
This letter was written by the directors of New England Emigrant Aid Company responding to various charges made against them by the citizens of Missouri.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John Carter; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Kansas Nebraska Act; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Missourians; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Circular, New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Beecher, Lyman , 1775-1863
Date: c. 1855
This letter was written by Lyman Beecher to leaders of regional churches in the Boston area (such as deacons, wardens, vestries, etc.). The focus was on getting churches to buy stock in the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Beecher, Lyman, 1775-1863; Boston, Massachusetts; Churches; Circulars; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates


Quilt, New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1855
Fragment of comforter made by women from the Boston-based New England Emigrant Aid Society. The comforter was sold at a charity raffle in Lawrence in 1855. Proceeds were given to free-state settlers. The fabric is believed to have been taken from Revolutionary War uniforms. Dr. Sylvester B. Prentiss purchased the comforter, which was later divided into sections and distributed among his family members.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Free state; Free state cause; House furnishings; Immigration and early settlement; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Objects; Prentiss, S.B.


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Wm. Barnes
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: June 14, 1856
Thomas Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Society, wrote from Boston to encourage the New York State Kansas Committee to continue its efforts to support the free state cause in Kansas. Webb expressed his opinion that all Northerners and Westerners needed to join together to defeat proslavery supporters in Kansas.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Boston, Massachusetts; Free state support; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New York State Kansas Committee; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Wm. Barnes
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: June 18, 1856
Thomas Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston to inform Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee, that the New England company would send a delegation to a Kansas aid convention to be held in Cleveland. Webb also commented on the strong reaction of Boston residents to recent events in Kansas.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Boston, Massachusetts; Free state support; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New York State Kansas Committee; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Circular, To the Clergy of Massachusetts
Authors: Lowell, Charles
Date: June 27, 1856
A circular written by several Boston church pastors urging other Massachusetts clergy to solicit request their congregation members to send aid to free state settlers in Kansas.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Boston, Massachusetts; Churches; Circulars; Lowell, Charles; Religion


Advertisement
Authors: Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867
Date: July 2, 1856
This letter was written by George Stearns, chairman of the Massachusetts State Kansas Aid Committee. He described the purpose of the committee and how it differed for the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867


Receipt, John P. Lovell to T. W. Higginson
Authors: Lovell, John P.
Date: August 20, 1856
This receipt was written by John P. Lovell, a manufacturer and dealer of guns and gun materials, for T. W. Higginson, an ardent Northern abolitionist. Higginson was an agent for the Massachusetts Kansas Aid Committee, procuring rifles, powder, cartridges and other materials. The purchases on this receipt totaled $19.95. On the back of the receipt is a note stating that this purchase of twenty rifles was never actually paid, since it was a replacement for a previous shipment of rifles that were defective.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Guns; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Receipts; Weapons (see also Guns)


Letter, Chas. H. Branscomb to John Brown Esq.
Authors: Branscomb, Charles H.
Date: September 22, 1856
From Boston, Massachusetts, Charles Branscomb wrote Brown a brief note conveying "fifty or one hundred dolls as a testimonial" from those who admired Brown's "conduct during the war."

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Branscomb, Charles H.; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state supporters; Lawrence, Kansas Territory


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to My dear Mrs. [Sara] Robinson
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 30, 1856
Amos A. Lawrence, writing from Boston, congratulated Sara Robinson, in Fitchburg, Massachusetts, on her first book. Lawrence suggested that she write another Kansas work, as she had all the elements for a "free state" novel. He also requested that she have her husband, Dr. Charles Robinson, come to Boston the following Monday to discuss the Delaware Land Purchase and meet Charles Sumner, the famed Republican abolitionist senator from Massachusetts.

Keywords: Books; Boston, Massachusetts; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Fitchburg, Massachusetts; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874


Advertisement, Contributions for Kansas--Clothing and Provisions
Authors: National Kansas Committee
Date: c. October 1856
This advertisement was attached to a receipt for the placement of a notice in the New York Times. The advertisement included information about how the people of New England could aid the fight for freedom in Kansas--both with funds and with labor. It also gave the names of National Kansas Committee members and an address for their New York office.

Keywords: Advertisements; Boston, Massachusetts; Clothing and dress; Dana, Charles A.; Emigrant aid companies; Free state activities; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Ketchum, Edgar; Lockwood, Roe; McNamee, Theodore; National Kansas Committee; New York; Relief; Relief funds


Plan of Action, Charles Robinson
Authors: Higginson, Thomas Wentworth
Date: November 5, 1856
This document lays out the plan of action proposed by Charles Robinson at a meeting of free state leaders in Boston on November 5, 1856. Most likely these notes from the meeting were written by Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a radical abolitionist from Massachusetts. Six resolutions were passed, some focusing on emigration and others on land sales or fundraising. The back of the document lists the names of those present at the meeting, including such influential figures as Senator Henry Wilson and Eli Thayer.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabot, Samuel; Emery, James Stanley; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Free state legislature; Immigration and early settlement; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Smith, Gerritt; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875


Invitation, Address by Ralph Waldo Emerson
Authors: Channing, William F.
Date: November 8, 1856
A printed invitation issued by William F. Channing to an address by Ralph Waldo Emerson "in aid of ther sufferers in Kansas." The address was given at the Tremont Temple in Boston Massachusetts and was sponsored by the Young Men's Kansas Relief Society.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Channing, William F.; Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882; Invitation; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Young Men's Kansas Relief Society


Letter, C. K. Holliday to My Dear Dr. [Franklin Crane]
Authors: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: November 14, 1856
The letter, written by Cyrus Holliday from Meadville, Pennsylvania, discusses the results of the 1856 Presidential election and its anticipated impact on the Kansas issue. Holliday describes to Franklin Crane, a prominent Topeka doctor, a meeting in Boston where he was encouraged to make Kansas a free state. Many of those present at the meeting were influential figures in emigrant aid companies. The letter also discusses efforts to make Nicaragua a slave state in order to achieve a compromise with the South. In addition, Holliday mentions making speeches on behalf of John C. Fremont and Kansas.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Boston, Massachusetts; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Election, Presidential, 1856; Emigrant aid companies; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Meadville, Pennsylvania; Slavery


Clothing for Kanzas, Massachusetts State Kanzas Committee
Authors: Massachusetts State Kansas Committee
Date: November 28, 1856 - December 3, 1856
This printed document included three reports of the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee, written by Samuel Cabot concerning the distribution of clothes and packages sent to Kansas. The first report deals with how they were sent and how they kept records of the packages. The report ends with table listing New England communities that sent packages to Kansas. The second report also deals with shipping of packages; it is followed by a brief expense report.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabot, Samuel; Clothing and dress; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Financial statements; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts State Kansas Committee; Relief


Letter, S. Cabot, Jr. to James Blood, Esq
Authors: Cabot, Samuel
Date: December 28, 1856
Samuel Cabot, who was directing a Boston effort to send clothing to Kansas Territory, advised Blood he was aware of the goods that "had been stopped at St Louis by the closure of navigation." He also comments on the reluctance of some to accept relief; these individuals were to be advised that "This supply is not a mere charity but a contribution of the North to soldiers, who have been bravely battling for the case of freedom & in defense of our common rights, against the Slave Oligarchy." Also included is a printed letter titled "Clothing For Kanzas," listing New England contributions.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Free state cause; Free state supporters; Kansas State Central Committee; Missouri River; Nute, Ephraim; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Slave power; St. Louis, Missouri


Letter from National Kansas Committee
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: 1856
This was a generic solicitation letter seeking money, supplies, and settlers. It mentioned Col. Buford's expedition to Kansas and speculated on Southern motives with regard to Kansas.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; Emigration and immigration; Food; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Hurd, H. B.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas State Central Committee; Money; National Kansas Committee; New York; Relief; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899


Boston Kansas Club No. 1
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1857
Information about a club formed in New England that for a short period of time encouraged emigration to Kansas during the spring of 1857.

Keywords: Boston Kansas Club; Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Immigration and early settlement; Kansas Frontier; Travel


Letter, James Redpath to Sir
Authors: Redpath, James , 1833-1891
Date: February 1857
This printed form letter was written by James Redpath to the people of Boston asking for money for the people of Manhattan, Kansas in order to build a church, school, and library. Redpath had been appointed their agent to solicit this money. He included a list of references at the foot of the page.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabot, Samuel; Churches; Community life; Dana, Charles A.; Education; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Charles Robinson and S.C. Pomeroy
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 14, 1857
A. A. Lawrence, writing from Boston, sent a letter along with notes and stock valued at $12,696.14 to Charles Robinson and S.C. Pomeroy, who were acting as Trustees of Lawrence University. He instructed that the money be held in trust, with the intrest income to be used "for the advancement of religious and intellectual education of the young in Kansas." However, Lawrence added that he wanted the funds returned to him if Kansas should not become a free state after its acceptance into the Union.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Education; Lawrence University; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Universities and colleges


Letter, F. B. Sanborn to Dear Friend [Thomas W. Higginson]
Authors: Sanborn, Franklin
Date: February 19, 1857
While in Boston, Franklin Sanborn wrote this letter to Thomas Higginson, a Northern abolitionist and agent with the Massachusetts State Kansas Committee. The first part of the letter dealt with business, but Sanborn also mentioned a recent speech at the State House where John Brown made an appearance. He hoped that Higginson and his friends in Worcester County would aid "the good old man."

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917


Letter, E. Brigham to Mr. [John] Brown
Authors: Brigham, E.
Date: March 9, 1857
In this letter of support from Boston, March 9, 1857, Brigham told Brown how he had been moved by the "touching appeal" in the New York Tribune of March 4 and assured Brown he had done as much as he could, considering his present economic condition, for Kansas. But he goes on to comment on the importance of the free state cause to New Englanders, who really weren't doing all they could or should do to help.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; Boston, Massachusetts; Brigham, E.; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state cause


Letter, Anson J. Stone to Rev. T. W. Higginson
Authors: Stone, Anson J.
Date: March 12, 1857
This letter written by Anson Stone, assistant treasurer of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, was sent to inform Thomas Higginson of the fares for traveling to Kansas. He included the prices of tickets for each leg of the journey between Boston and Kansas City, with a total price of $34.00. Stone wrote the letter from the company's office at 3 Winter Street, Boston, Massachusetts.

Keywords: Albany, New York; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Kansas City, Kansas Territory; Prices; St. Louis, Missouri; Stone, Anson J.; Transportation


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: May 18, 1857
This brief letter from Samuel Pomeroy to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee was dated May 18, [1857), from Boston, Massachusetts. Among other business matters, he reported the fact that the two men now owned "one half of the 'Squatter Sovereign' (Stringfellows organ)" and "[Robert] McBratney of Ohio owns the other half--We have hoisted a Free State Flag!"

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Boston, Massachusetts; Business enterprises; Free state; Freedom's Champion; Hyatt, Thaddeus; McBratney, Robert; Proslavery; Squatter Sovereign; Stringfellow, John H.


Resolution of the Boston Preacher's Meeting
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: July 20, 1857
This resolution, "unanimously adopted" by the members of the Boston Preacher's Meeting, approved the establishment of Blue Mont Central College near Manhattan, Kansas Territory, by Reverend Joseph Denison, an "old friend" of the Boston Preachers. Denison had emigrated to K.T. following Isaac Goodnow, and was working with him to obtain support for the college.

Keywords: Bluemont Central College; Boston, Massachusetts; Denison, Joseph; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Religious communities; Riley County, Kansas Territory


Letter, W. B. Edmonds [E. B. Whitman?] to Hawkins [John Brown]
Authors: Edmonds, W. B.; Whitman, E. B.
Date: October 5, 1857
From Lawrence, October 5, 1857 (election day), "W. B. Edmonds" (appears to have been assumed name of E. B. Whitman) wrote to tell Brown that he hoped to see Brown in Kansas "soon," but he was unable to fulfill all Brown's requests, for funds and teams--the latter being especially hard to come by.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Edmonds, W. B.; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Finance; Free state prospects; Hawkins, N.; Horses; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Panic of 1857; Sickness (see Illness); Whitman, E. B.


Letter, J. I. [John Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: September 23, 1858
On the first leg of his move to Sumner, Kansas Territory, John J. Ingalls, a 24-year-old Massachusetts lawyer, wrote this brief letter from Boston, Mass., to his father, Elias T. Ingalls. Here Ingalls wrote regarding the fare and "the best method of getting West."

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; New York; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Transportation; Travel


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Gov. [Charles] Robinson
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 19, 1858
The benefactor of the city of Lawrence and much free-state activity generally, wrote Robinson from Boston, Mass., on several issues, including the establishment of a college and business/financial matters, but he made interesting reference to his (Lawrence's) own candidacy for governor on the American Party ticket. He did not expect to win, but instead proposed to simply be working to keep the "Americans" in line for a unified opposition to the Democrats in 1860.

Keywords: American Party; Boston, Massachusetts; Democratic Party (U.S.); Education; Election, Presidential, 1860; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894


Letter, H. O. Wagoner to Wendell Phillips, Esqr.
Authors: Wagoner, Henry O.
Date: November 6, 1859
H.O. Wagoner of Chicago, who had entertained John Brown one afternoon in the fall of 1858, wrote to one of the nation's leading abolitionist supporters of Brown, Wendell Phillips of Boston, Mass., regarding the latter's "oration, delivered in Brooklyn, on the character--facts of history, and circumstances with reference to 'Capt John Brown,' that noblest of God's heroes, who struck the great blow at Harper's Ferry."

Keywords: Abolitionists; Antislavery movements; Antislavery perspective; Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Chicago, Illinois; Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Osawatomie, Battle of; Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884; Wagoner, Henry O.


Letter, Wm. Keller to Sir Mr. [Thomas H. ?] Webb
Authors: Keller, William
Date: December 20, 1859
From Cottonwood Falls, Kansas Territory, on December 20, 1859, William Keller wrote to Thomas H. Webb (Boston, New England Emigrant Aid Co.) regarding the events leading up to (Missouri raid in late December) and including the so-called Battle of the Spurs, January 31, 1859, involving "old John Brown," some of his men, and eleven fugitive slaves.

Keywords: Abolitionists; African Americans; Battles; Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, Frederick; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Cottonwood Falls, Kansas Territory; Fugitive slaves; Keller, William; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Slaves; Spurs, Battle of the; Stevens, Aaron Dwight (see also Whipple, Charles); Topeka Academy; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Whipple, Charles (see also Stevens, Aaron)


Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [Hon. Edward Everett]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: December 21, 1859
In the wake of John Brown's execution, Ewing wrote to congratulate the renowned Whig congressman, governor, and U.S. senator from Massachusetts, Edward Everett, for the sentiments expressed by Everett and others at "the great meeting at Fanueil Hall to give expression to the opinion of the conservative people of Boston respecting the foray of old John Brown." Nevertheless, Ewing had to point out "an erroneous statement" in Everett's speech "to the effect that the migration of free negroes into the Territory of Kansas is prohibited by law." This of course was not the case and Ewing believed to say so did disservice to the people of Kansas, "who, after achieving their own liberties . . . Have not disgraced themselves by denying the freedom of the Territory to any human being."

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Constitutions; Everett, Edward, 1794-1865; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Exclusion, African Americans; Slavery


Letter, C [Charles Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date: January 20, 1860
Charles Robinson wrote several letters to his wife in Lawrence as he traveled East in January 1860. From the Astor House, New York, on January 20, he wrote that Congress was not yet in session and that everyone expected the Democrats to oppose Kansas admission. It was possible that Robinson could "be sent for as a witness in Harpers Ferry affair" (Congressional investigation/hearings).

Keywords: Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Harpers Ferry, Virginia; New York; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Statehood (see also Admission, Kansas); United States. Congress


Letter, Wm Handy to Dear Sir [Thomas W. Higginson]
Authors: Handy, William
Date: April 3, 1860
This letter, written in Boston by William Handy, was addressed to Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a radical abolitionist minister from Worcester, Massachusetts. In this letter, Handy proposed strategies to deal with the potential arrest of James Redpath in the aftermath of Harper's Ferry. Higginson and Redpath had both supported John Brown's raid on the arsenal in Harper's Ferry, Virginia, in 1859. After John Brown's execution some of his followers had fled the country, but Higginson and Redpath had both remained in the United States. Handy feared that Redpath would be arrested, so he wanted to figure out the best way to protect Redpath's rights.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Courts; Handy, William; Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; United States Government


Letter, [William] Handy to My Dear Sir [Thomas W. Higginson]
Authors: Handy, William
Date: April 6, 1860
This letter was written by William Handy of Boston and was addressed to Thomas W. Higginson, a supporter of John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia. Handy wanted to let Higginson know about a meeting in Boston to decide upon a plan of action. By this point, John Brown had been executed and several of his followers had fled the country. Most of those who remained in the United States wanted to resist the government; consequently, Handy emphasized that at this meeting "none but fighters are eligible." Handy believed that it would not be wise to rely on the legal system to give Brown's supporters a fair trial. Handy also spoke of a beautiful pistol that would soon be presented to Miss Sanborn "for her bravery in defending her brother." He also mentioned that Franklin Sanborn had been arrested in Concord for some misdemeanor; he was unsure of the details.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Courts; Handy, William; Harpers Ferry, Virginia; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917


Letter, Richard J. Hinton to My Dear Sir [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Authors: Hinton, R. J.
Date: May 25, 1860
This letter was written by R. J. Hinton to Thaddeus Hyatt while Hyatt was imprisoned in Washington D.C. In the letter, Hinton applauded Hyatt's commitment to the cause of freedom and assured him that his efforts would not be forgotten. It was written on the back of an announcement for a political anti-slavery convention to be held in Boston.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Boston, Massachusetts; Hinton, Richard Josiah; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Prisons; United States Government


Political Anti-Slavery Convention
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: May 29, 1860
This announcement called for a political anti-slavery convention to be held in Boston on May 29, 1860. The men who called the convention, who were listed at the end of the announcement, believed that neither of the current political parties truly represented their anti-slavery sentiments. They stated their goal in terms of liberty for all people, both black and white.

Keywords: African Americans; Antislavery perspective; Boston, Massachusetts; Hinton, Richard Josiah; Political conventions; Proslavery supporters; Redpath, James, 1833-1891; Slave power; Slavery; Slaves; United States Government; United States. Constitution


Statement, C. A. Foster, Was John Brown present and participating in the masacre at Pottowatomie Creek
Authors: Foster, Charles A.
Date: July 12, 1860
Signed C. A. Foster, Boston, July 12, 1860, this brief statement asserts that John Brown "was not present" at the Pottawatomie Massacre, "but that he knew that it was going to be done" and "he approved it."

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Foster, Charles A.; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie Massacre, May 1856; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, James Montgomery to F. B. Sanborn
Authors: Montgomery, James , 1814-1871
Date: January 14, 1861
Just two weeks before Kansas would be admitted to the Union and in the midst of the early secession crisis, Montgomery (Mound City) told Franklin B. Sanborn (Boston) that he (Montgomery) did not favor an invasion of "the slave states so long as they keep themselves at home," but Missouri was crossing the line and interfering in Kansas affairs. He also commented on recent mob violence in Boston and General Harney's futile efforts to enforce the Fugitive Slave law in southern Kansas.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Democratic Party (U.S.); Fugitive Slave Law; Fugitive slaves; Harney, William S.; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Martial law; Missouri; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917; Secession; Slavery


Photograph, Thomas H. Webb
Authors: J. W. Black & Co.
Date: 
Thomas H. Webb, Boston, Massachusetts, was secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. His name appears in publications of the Company and he is a frequent correspondent with people in Kansas Territory connected to the company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabinet photographs; Emigrant aid companies; Free state cause; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Circular by various Protestant ministers on behalf of the activities of the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Gaffield, Thomas J.; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Stowe, Calvin E.
Date: 
This printed circular indicated that nineteen Protestant ministers in the Boston area were urging emigration to Kansas under the auspices of the New England Emigrant Aid Company because the ministers listed believed "that no christian work demanded effort more than the work for peopling Kanzas with men and women who were resolved to make it free." The ministers proposed to raise $60,000 to aid emigration efforts. The document listed four areas of interest to the emigrant aid company--freedom, religion, education, and temperance. All nineteen ministers were listed in the document that was signed by Calvin E. Stowe, Andover; Edward E. Hale, Worcester; and Thomas J. Gaffield, Boston.

Keywords: Beecher, Lyman, 1775-1863; Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Gaffield, Thomas J.; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lowell, Charles; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stowe, Calvin E.; Worcester, Massachusetts


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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