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37 results for Atchison County, Kansas Territory:
Territorial Census, 1855, District 15
Authors: Jolly, H. B.
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, male, female, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over 21 were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. A statistical summary of the census follows the enumeration pages. For District 15 the place of election was the house of Paschal Pensaneau, on the Fort Leavenworth and Oregon Rd. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Fifteenth District follows: "Commencing at the mouth of Salt Creek on the Missouri River; thence up said creek to the Military road, and along the middle of said road to the lower crossing of Stranger Creek; thence up said creek to the line of the late Kickapoo reservation, and thence along the southern and western line thereof to the line of the Fourteenth District; thence by the same, and down Independence Creek to the mouth thereof, and thence down the Missouri River to the place of beginning." There is a "list of qualified voters in the 15th District alleged to have been omitted from the census" following the enumeration pages. Districts 13 and 15 are included in one volume and are scanned as one as it is difficult to determine which entries are in what district.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Brown County, Kansas Territory; Census; Jolly, H. B.; Pensaneau, Paschal


Pro-slavery Banner
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1855
This flag was created by pro-slavery Missourians who captured Free State supporter Reverend Pardee Butler of Atchison in April 1855. The pro-slavery men sent Butler adrift on a raft down the turbulent Missouri River with this flag flying from it. The Missourians wanted others to know that the minister had helped slaves escape. Although he was expected to drown, Butler survived.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Butler, Rev. Pardee; Butler, Rev. Pardee; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Flags and banners; Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; Missourians; Objects; Proslavery; Proslavery activities; Slavery; Underground railroad; Violence


Letter, E. S. Whitney to Dear Uncle Hiram [Hill]
Authors: Whitney, E.S.
Date: August 20, 1856
E. S. Whitney wrote from Sumner, Kansas Territory, to her uncle, Hiram Hill. Whitney apologized for the long delay in communicating with him, and explained that her husband, Thaddeus Whitney, had been very busy lately and was doing his best to complete Hill's home. She also described her experience watching the border ruffians invade Lawrence, and her friends' and neighbors' reactions to the situation. Despite the violence and uncertainty, she was "not sorry yet" that she had come to Kansas, and told Hill that her husband would write him shortly to discuss business matters.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Construction; Funerals; Hill, Hiram; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Skirmishing; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Violence; Whitney, E.S.; Whitney, Thaddeus L.


Promotional Brochure for Lancaster City, Atchison County, Kansas
Authors: Smith and Wigton
Date: 1857
This promotional brochure advertised Lancaster City, which was located in Atchison County. It includes the price of lots, features around the city, and describes what has already been built in the city.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Lancaster City, Kansas Territory; Land sales; Settlement; Weightman, Henry R


Constitution of the Sumner Company
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: April 3, 1857
The constitution of the Sumner Company may have been written by John J. Ingalls. It was adopted April 3, 1857. There are 17 articles and the object of the company was to build upon and improve a town site, situated upon the Missouri River on section 20, township 6 south, range 21 east of the 6th PM. The town site was named in honor of the Hon. Charles Sumner, Senator from Massachusetts.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Constitutions; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Sumner Town Company; Sumner, Kansas Territory


Letter, J. H. Kagi to "My dear Father"
Authors: Kagi, John Henry
Date: April 14, 1857
Having finally made and returned from his long-delayed trip to Nebraska City, Kagi wrote his father from Lawrence, where he had gone almost immediately "on business." Although he can't discuss the particulars for fear of "bribed P.M. [post master?] spies," Kagi makes some interesting observations about freestate "prospects" throughout the territory, which "look much more hopeful now than when I left." Kagi mentions some land investment opportunities and the expected arrival of Governor Robert Walker, who would not last long if he tried to enforce the "bogus laws."

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Bogus laws; Border disputes and warfare - Free state perspective; Kagi, John Henry; Land speculation; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missouri River; Postal service; Stringfellow, John H.; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Atchison and St. Joseph Rail Road!
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: July 28, 1857
This advertisement announces a meeting of stockholders in Atchison on August 8, 1857.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison and St. Joseph Railroad; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroad companies


Letter, T. [Thomas] J. Marsh to George L. Stearns, Esq.
Authors: Marsh, Thomas J.
Date: September 12, 1857
To George Stearns on September 12, 1857, Thomas Marsh wrote that he was leaving Lawrence on a trip to "the Southern part of Kansas" for several days. He believed the "Free State men were getting into good shape for the election," which would go well if there was no "invasion" or "fraud." He also talked about some Democratic activity and mentioned the adjournment of the Lecompton Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Democratic Party (U.S.); Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Free State Party; Free state cause; Free state supporters; Lecompton Constitutional Convention, September 1857; Marsh, Thomas J.; Stearns, Geo. L. (George Luther), 1809-1867; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, John A. Martin to Sir
Authors: Martin, John A., 1839-1889
Date: c. 1858
In his capacity as chairman of the Atchison County Republican Central Committee, John Alexander Martin apparently wrote this draft of a letter to a member of the Democratic opposition, responding to an invitation to make a speech in support or participate in a discussion of the proposed Wyandotte Constitution. The campaign for its ratification took place in August and September 1858. Martin expressed a willingness to speak out for the constitution, but he objected to the proposed format ("the programme of discussion you have laid down"). Martin insisted that the Republicans were "proud" of the constitution and "are willing to go before the people with the members of the Democratic party" and discuss its provisions "on any fair terms."

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Black Republicans; Constitutions; Democratic Party (U.S.); Martin, John A., 1839-1889; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Wyandotte Constitution


Poll Book, Atchison, Lecompton Constitution
Authors: Adams, Franklin G.
Date: January 4, 1858
On January 4, 1858, by act of the free-state territorial legislature, the voters of K. T. were given a second chance to vote on the Lecompton Constitution. This poll book lists the names of 319 individuals who voted "'against the Constitution framed at Lecompton' there being no votes given 'for the Constitution framed at Lecompton with slavery' and no votes given 'for the Constitution framed at Lecompton without slavery.'" The authenticity of the document was attested to by election judges, including F.G. Adams, and two clerks.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Eastin, Lucian J.; Elections; Free state legislature; Popular sovereignty; Slavery


Journal, Leavenworth Constitutional Convention
Authors: Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913
Date: April 3, 1858
At the final session, Saturday afternoon, April 3, 1858, all the delegates signed the convention's proposed constitution, but several took the opportunity to make one last protest of the inclusion of "negro suffrage" because they believed their constituents opposed it and/or insisted that the instrument did "not extend the right of suffrage to negroes." This protest included Caleb May of Atchison County, the entire Linn County delegation (Addison Danford, Robert B. Mitchell, Thomas H. Butler, and Robert Ewing), and A. W. McCauslin of Jefferson County. The latter also expressed concern about the Education clause, "which appears to permit colored children to go to Common Schools with white children" and "the subject of negro immigration."

Keywords: African Americans; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Butler, Thomas H.; Constitutions; Danford, Addison; Education; Ewing, Robert; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Constitutional Convention, March-April 1858; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; May, Caleb; McCauslin, A. W.; Mitchell, Robert Byington; Suffrage; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913


Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: November 21, 1858
Much of this interesting letter, dated November 21, 1858, from Sumner, describes the Ingalls law practice and the nature of a "frontier" court proceedings that often attracted "nearly all the population." According to Ingalls, "the chief difficulty arising [in the courts came] from the conflict of the two Codes, adopted by two hostile legislatures, each of which had adherents who call the other 'bogus.'" Ingalls also discussed the business of land sales, as something many successfully combine with the practice of law.

Keywords: Adams, Henry J.; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Coal; Courts; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Land sales; Lawyers; Lecompte, Samuel D. (Samuel Dexter), 1814-1888; Pikes Peak gold rush; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Thanksgiving Day; Weather


Letter, I. F. Collins to Prof. Isaac Goodnow
Authors: Collins, I.F.
Date: June 30, 1858
I.F. Collins wrote from Atchison, Kansas Territory, to Isaac Goodnow, informing him that his appointment as Agent for Bluemont Central College had been approved. The College was the predecessor to the Kansas State College of Agriculture and Applied Science, now Kansas State University.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Bluemont Central College; Collins, I.F.; Education; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; Manhattan, Kansas Territory


Map, Ream's sectional map of the territory of Kansas
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1858
Map of Kansas Territory counties, with Washington, Dickinson, and Clay counties as a Western boundary.

Keywords: Allen County, Kansas Territory; Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Brown County, Kansas Territory; Butler County, Kansas Territory; Calhoun County, Kansas Territory (see also Jackson County, Kansas Territory); Clay County, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Dickinson County, Kansas Territory; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Dorn County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Godfrey County, Kansas Territory; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Hunter County, Kansas Territory; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Johnson County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Madison County, Kansas Territory; Maps; Marshall County, Kansas Territory; McGhee County, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Richardson County, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Washington County, Kansas Territory; Weller County, Kansas Territory; Wilson County, Kansas Territory; Woodson County, Kansas Territory


Circular to Kansas Emigrants
Authors: Beidler, Harry M.
Date: cira 1858
This printed circular was written by Harry M. Beidler and promoted the advantages of Atchison, Kansas Territory as a shipping point as well as a city in which to locate. There is a map at the top of the page showing the distance from Atchison to various points in Kansas. The advertisement indicated that Atchison was the closest river town to various communities, particularly thos on the Kansas river. It discussed that Atchison was to have the first railroad connection in Kansas Territory. Beidler described the city and its various businesses. A table set into the document showed who had shipped goods through Atchison, the destination of those goods, the number of wagons used, and the poundage of merchandise shipped.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Beidler, Harry M.; Emigration and immigration; Freight and freightage; Maps; Missouri River; Natural resources; Transportation


Photograph, Methodist Church, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1859
View of the Methodist Church, the first church built in Atchison, Kansas Territory. It was erected in the spring of 1859, on the corner of Fifth and Parallel near the Atchison County Courthouse. Abraham Lincoln addressed the people of Atchison in this church on December 2, 1859.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Cartes de visite; Churches; Methodist Church; Photographs and Illustrations


Letter, S. C. S. [Samuel C. Smith] to Dear Doctor [Charles Robinson]
Authors: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: January 6, 1859
Samuel Smith wrote to Dr. Charles Robinson from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, regarding the latest election events within the Kansas Territorial Legislature. The positions of Speaker and Clerk were not secured by William Roberts and himself, as had been expected, but had been filled by Alfred Larzalere and Byron P. Ayres as a consequence of some questionable internal party politics, so described by Smith. Smith also wrote Robinson of George Deitzler's desire to resume correspondence with him, and of a recent incident in which James Lane's portrait was defaced.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Ayres, Byron P.; Babcock, Carmi William; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Branscomb, Charles H.; Deitzler, George W.; Delahay, Mark W.; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elder, P.P.; Elections; Free State Party; Goodin, Joel Kishler; Hutchinson, George W.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Larzalere, Alfred; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); McLane, George W.; Methodist Church; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891; Roberts, William Young; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Smith, Samuel C.; Thacher, Timothy D., 1831-1894; Vaughan, Champion; Wright, John W.; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Letter, J. J. I. [John James Ingalls] to Dear Father [Elias T. Ingalls]
Authors: Ingalls, John James
Date: June 10, 1859
From Sumner on June 10, 1859, just days after the election for delegates to the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, Ingalls wrote his father about the "well fought" contest in a county (Atchison) that was "an old stronghold of pro-slavery democracy." Ingalls won, of course, even though he at first "regarded the contest as a hopeless one," but still feared that the Democrats could control the convention; if so, "Kansas may be a Slave State after all. . . . It is Estimated that there are five hundred slaves in the territory today by virtue of the Dred Scott decision. A family recently came to this place from Kentucky with five."

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Democratic Party (U.S.); Dred Scott decision; Election, Wyandotte Constitution delegates to convention, June 1859; Ingalls, John James, 1833-1900; Osawatomie convention; Proslavery supporters; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Slaves in Kansas Territory


Pre-emption Certificate, issued to Jack H. Martin
Authors: United States Government
Date: November 10, 1859
The U.S. government, Kickapoo land office, issued this printed "Pre-emption Certificate" to Jack Martin over President James Buchanan's signature on November 10, 1859, for 180 acres in Atchison County.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Certificates; Kickapoo Indians; Preemption law United States; United States Government; United States. General Land Office


Abstract of Census Returns listing Number of Voters and Number of Inhabitants
Authors: Undersigned Citizens of Kansas Territory, John Stroup (first signature)
Date: 1859
This abstract of census returns showed information at the township level for most Kansas counties. Some counties were listed but no data was entered. It listed the number of voters in three different ways--the number of votes cast June 7, 1859; number of voters June 7, 1859 under 6 month provision; and number of voters under 3 month provision. It also listed the number of inhabitants. The election on June 7, 1859 was to elect delegates to the Wyandotte constitutional convention.

Keywords: Allen County, Kansas Territory; Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Brown County, Kansas Territory; Butler County, Kansas Territory; Census; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Dickinson County, Kansas Territory; Dorn County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elections; Franklin County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Hunter County, Kansas Territory; Jackson County, Kansas Territory (see also Calhoun County, Kansas Territory); Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Madison County, Kansas Territory; Marshall County, Kansas Territory; McGhee County, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Morris County, Kansas Territory; Nemaha County, Kansas Territory; Osage County, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie County, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory; Washington County, Kansas Territory; Wilson County, Kansas Territory; Woodson County, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte Constitution; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Stephen Johnston of Atchison filed claim # 213 for supplies furnished to the territorial militia under the command of D. M. Johnston in December 1855. Items provided included food and ammunition. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Ammunition; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Damage claims; Food; Johnston, D. M.; Johnston, Stephen; Strickler, Hiram Jackson


Atchison City Directory, and Business Mirror for 1859-60, Containing the Name and Residence of Every Male Citizen, a Business Mirror, and an Appendix of Much Useful Information
Authors: Sutherland & McEvoy
Date: 1859
This was the first City Directory published for Atchison. In addition to advertisements, a street directory, and information about various civic institutions in Atchison, it also contained an historical sketch of the city written by Dr. J. H. Stringfellow, one of Atchison's "earliest pioneers." Some women are listed in the directory if they operated a business such as a boarding house, if they had a job, or, apparently, if they were widowed or unmarried. The "business mirror" section listed individual businesses grouped by the type of business or profession. The appendix included a listing of city and county officials.

Keywords: Advertisements; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business; Business enterprises; Commerce; Community life; Economic development; Retail businesses; Stringfellow, John H.; Town development; Women


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860
View of businesses and houses in Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business on the corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Houses; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Street, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860
View of a residential area between 29th and 30th Streets north of Commercial Street. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Houses; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860
View of Commercial Street, Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory
Authors: C. H. Masters, Photographer, Corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, KS.
Date: c. 1860
View of Kansas Avenue at Fourth Street looking north, Atchison, Kansas Territory. The photograph was taken by C. H. Masters, who had a business at the corner of 4th and Commercial Streets, Atchison, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Masters, C. H.; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
View of Atchison, Kansas Territory, looking southwest, c. 1860

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Houses; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
View of the main street showing stores and early forms of transportation, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; C. Weber & Bro's Clothing House; Cities and towns; Commerce; Covered wagons; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons


Photograph, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
View of the main street showing stores and early transportation, Atchison, Kansas Territory, c. 1860.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison buildings; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Business enterprises; Cities and towns; Commerce; Photographs and Illustrations; Streets; Wagons


Invitation to a Grand Celebration in Atchison City
Authors: Atchison Committee on Invitations
Date: June 13, 1860
In this invitation, the citizens of Atchison invited people to attend an event that celebrated both the "extension of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad" to Atchison and the ground breaking of the Atchison and Pike's Peak Railroad. The invitation entitled the bearer to a free pass on various railroads for travel to Atchison.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison and Pike's Peak Railroad; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Community life; Fairchild, George H.; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroad promotion; Railroads; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Dear [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: October 10, 1860
In this letter, S. C. Pomeroy wrote from Atchison, Kansas to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. The letter revolved around the suffering of the settlers and their desperate search for provisions and employment. Pomeroy also mentioned the prospect of obtaining a large amount of buffalo meat, as well as the failed corn crop and the generally destitute condition of the settlers. He truly feared for the lives of the settlers during the upcoming winter.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Bison; Crops; Economic conditions; Elmore, Rush; Famines; Food; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Grain; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Relief; Topeka, Kansas; Vegetables


Letter, Phoebe Atkins to Dear friends
Authors: Atkins, Phoebe
Date: January 6, 1861
Phoebe Atkins wrote to her friends regarding her living conditions in Oskaloosa. She described how settlers had to travel as far as Atchison to obtain provisions and prevent starvation. She also spoke of the necessity of finding work and her recent illness.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Atkins, Phoebe; Daily life; Economic conditions; Illness; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Labor; Oskaloosa, Kansas Territory


Letter, Isaac Maris to F. G. Adams
Authors: Maris, Isaac
Date: July 22, 1895
Isaac Maris was responding to a request for information about slaves in Kansas Territory. He provides the names of several families who had slave and describes the escape of one female slave and her child with indirect references to the underground railroad. This item is from information collected by Miss Zu Adams in 1895. She was researching the topic of slaves in Kansas and contacted a number of early Kansas settlers requesting information about slaves brought to Kansas Territory. While all of the information she collected was based on reminiscences, it still provides useful information that is difficult, if not impossible, to find elsewhere. Miss Adams and her father F. G. Adams were employees of the Kansas State Historical Society and the information received was donated to that institution.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; African Americans; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Maris, Isaac; Slaveholders; Slavery; Slaves; Slaves in Kansas Territory; Underground railroad


Photograph, Robert McBratney
Authors: Colville, Photographer
Date: 
Robert McBratney was a native of Ohio who moved to Kansas Territory in 1857. He originally settled in Atchison and owned half of the Squatter Sovereign. The other half was owned by Samuel Pomeroy and Thaddeus Hyatt and under their ownership it became a free state newspaper. He was involved in railroad development in Kansas Territory. In 1861, he moved to Junction City where he had been named register of the land office.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; McBratney, Robert; Newspapers; Newspapers - Free State; Photographs and Illustrations; Squatter Sovereign


Photograph, John Henry Stringfellow
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
John Henry Stringfellow was a resident of Atchison and a proslavery supporter. He was in charge of some of the territorial troops that were mentioned in the Strickler report on damages from altercations in Kansas Territory. He held several elective positions including Speaker of the House in the 1855 territorial legislature.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Card photographs; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Militia; Photographs and Illustrations; Proslavery activities; Proslavery supporters; Stringfellow, John H.


Photograph, Franklin G. Adams
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
F. G. Adams was a member of the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention. He also served as an election judge for the second vote on the Lecompton Constitution, living in Atchison at the time. In 1875, he became the first secretary of the Kansas State Historical Society.

Keywords: Adams, F. G. (Franklin George), 1824-1899; Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Cabinet photographs; Constitutions; Photographs and Illustrations


Lithograph, Sumner, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c.1855
Lithograph, published by Middleton, Strobridge & Co., Cincinnati, OH, showing Sumner, Kansas Territory, c.1855. At the bottom of the lithograph, there is a small map of northeast Kansas.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Lithographs; Maps; Middleton, Strobridge & Co.; Steamboats; Sumner, Kansas Territory; Town development


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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