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Authors: Learnard, Oscar E.
Date: September 9, 1856
From Lawrence, Kansas Territory, Oscar Learnard wrote briefly to some Vermont friends of his recent "military" experience as "Lieutenant Colonel of the 4th regiment (cavalry) of Kansas Volunteers." At the time, Learnard said "the whole Territory presents a scene of wide spread desolation," but he also claimed Kansas was a beautiful place full of opportunity for agriculturalists and real estate investors. At present, however, one should only come if well armed and via "the new road" [Lane Trail].
Keywords: Agriculture; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state regiment; Lane Trail; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Militia; Real estate investment; Vermont
Authors: Daniels, Edward
Date: December 1, 1856
Edward Daniels wrote this printed letter "to the Friends of Free Kansas" from the office of the National Kansas Committee in Chicago, Illinois on December 1, 1856. He had just returned from Kansas Territory and presented 9 "facts and suggestions" about conditions in the territory and how people in the East could provide support to free state settlers. He included suggestions on how ministers and communities could raise funds and/or provisions for those in Kansas. He believed that a large emigration of free state supporters was needed in the spring of 1857 and provided suggestions on how to get there and what to take. He also indicated that seed was necessary to having a good harvest the next year.
Keywords: Agriculture; Daniels, Edward; Emigration and immigration; Free state cause; Free state settlers; Illinois; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Seeds
Testimony of Capt. S. T. Shore
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: December 2, 1856
This testimony, a portion of the Journal of Investigations in Kansas, was collected by the National Kansas Committee under the leadership of Thaddeus Hyatt. Captain Shore was a free state militia captain and was active during the border warfare of 1856. Yet, while he was active in the free state cause, this account focuses on his personal life and his perceptions of the territory. The testimony begins with general information about his family, claim, etc., and then proceeds to his personal opinion of the land and vegetation in Kansas.
Keywords: Agriculture; Crops; Grain; Livestock; Ottawa Creek, Kansas Territory; Shore, Samuel T.; Sickness (see Illness)
Letter, W. F. M. Arny to Governor [John White] Geary
Authors: Arny, W F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881
Date: December 8, 1856
This broadside of a letter by W. F. M. Arny was written to Governor Geary about the need for education in Kansas. Arny, an agent with the National Kansas Committee, proposed the creation of three funds: a university fund, a seminary fund, and a common school fund. Within the university structure, he proposed a normal school, an agricultural and horticultural school, and a mechanical school. He thought that it would be best to ask Congress for land for schools.
Keywords: Agriculture; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Congress (See United States. Congress); Education; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; National Kansas Committee; Schools; Teachers; Teaching; Universities and colleges
Testimony of James H. Holmes
Authors: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: December 8, 1856
This testimony of James Holmes is a portion of the Journal of Investigations in Kansas, a collection of personal stories recorded by Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. Mr. Holmes had studied agricultural chemistry before entering Kansas Territory, and his initial reason for emigrating was his desire to undertake agricultural experiments. He had also intended to join with Clubbs Vegetarian Settlement, which was located on the Neosho River near the north line of the Osage Reserve. He goes into detail about the Neosho valley and its vegetation, mineral deposits, etc. The rest of his account deals with his involvement in the free state militia and his role in defending Osawatomie.
Keywords: Agriculture; Border disputes and warfare; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Cline, Captain; Emigration and immigration; Free state militia; Harvey, James A.; Holmes, James H.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missourians; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Shore, Samuel T.; Skirmishing; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.; Violence
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