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67 results for Adair, Samuel Lyle:
Letter, S. L. Adair to Ladies Circle of South Hadley Falls, Massachusetts (draft)
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: not dated
Adair thanked the Ladies Circle for sending a fount, plate and cups for use in the church in Osawatomie. His appreciation was expressed in a religious sense. He asked for their prayers and said they have those of the church. He reported on sickness and on difficulties related to the church. He also commented on the "irreligion" in the area.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Churches; Illness; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Massachusetts; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion; Women


Photograph, Samuel Lyle Adair family
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 1849
Portrait of Samuel Lyle Adair, Charles Storrs Adair, Florella Brown Adair, and Emma Florilla Adair. The family settled near Osawatomie, Kansas Territory, where Adair was a minister and free state supporter. His wife was a half sister to John Brown and he occasionally stayed with the Adairs. The family was involved in various free state and relief activities.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Children; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion


Diary, scattered entries
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: September 10, 1854, through February 7, 1861
The diary entries are very scattered. The first entry indicated that Adair and his wife were considering coming to Kansas. The other entries relate to daily activities and Adair's ministry. He often mentioned who he visited and who was ill. The entry for Feb. 4, 1861, noted that Kansas had been admitted to the Union.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Admission, Kansas (see also Statehood); Diaries; Free state activities; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. S. S. Jocelyn (draft)
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: September 19, 1854
Adair wrote from Hudson, Ohio, discussing plans to meet with a "Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Society" party in Chicago. He indicated his family consisted of four people and described the quantity of boxes and luggage they would bring with them. He also wrote that he disapproved of traveling on the Sabbath.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Emigration and immigration; Jocelyn, S. S.; Migration, internal; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Ohio; Religion


Letter, [Samuel Adair] to Bro. [S. S.] Jocelyn
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: November 16, 1854
Samuel Adair and his family had just arrived in Kansas City, MO. He wrote to S. S. Jocelyn of the American Missionary Society. He described poor conditions for settlers in Kansas Territory, his and his wife's illnesses, the doctor who treated them owned slaves, etc. This appears to be a draft of a letter sent to Jocelyn.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; American Missionary Society; Illness; Jocelyn, S. S.; Kansas City, Missouri; Physicians; Slaveholders


Sermon Record of Samuel Lyle Adair
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: January 14, 1855, through December 30, 1860
The sermon records listed the biblical text, the date, the place where the sermon was given, and the subject. Later entries also included brief remarks. Many of the sermons were given in homes so these locations provide some idea of the neighborhood. The sermon record also listed funeral sermons.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Congregationalists; Funerals; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion; Vital records


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. S. S. Jocelyn
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: May 3, 1855
Samuel Adair wrote from Osawatomie to thank Rev. Jocelyn, an official of the American Missionary Association, for his encouragement and fiscal support of $100. He said they will use it to pay what they owe and then make it last as long as possible. His wife has taken in sewing and washing to make ends meet but Adair asks Jocelyn not to share that information. He discussed the weather and his religious missionary efforts in detail. Adair also commented on migration to Kansas and motives of those coming. This appears to be a draft of a letter sent to Jocelyn.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; American Missionary Association; Emigration and immigration; Jocelyn, S. S.; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Migration, internal; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion


Letter, Owen Brown to S. L. Adair and Family
Authors: Brown, Owen , 1771-1856
Date: August 8, 1855
Owen Brown wrote from Munroe Falls Ohio to Samuel and Florella Adair in Osawatomie, Kansas that his son John Brown will start for Kansas Territory in a week. He mentioned that he has a "warlike spirit" and that it is necessary for defense but he hopes nothing more. He also expressed some of his religious beliefs. The letter contained a postscript written by John Brown. Florella Brown Adair was a half sister of John Brown.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Owen, 1771-1856; Free state cause; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Munroe Falls, Ohio; Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. S. S. Jocelyn
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: September 8, 1855
This long letter was written in Osawatomie to Jocelyn, who was Samuel Adair's contact with the American Missionary Association. The first three pages dealt with some disagreement over Adair's salary and support that was to be provided by the association, his efforts on behalf of religion, and prospects for a "union" church building that would be shared by several denominations. The last page discussed economic conditions in Kansas Territory and the difficulty of getting items to Kansas either via the Missouri River or by overland freighting from St. Louis. This appears to be a draft of a letter sent to Jocelyn.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; American Missionary Association; Churches; Economic conditions; Freight and freightage; Jocelyn, S. S.; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Missouri River; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Transportation


Letter, John Brown to Dear Wife [Mary Brown] & Children every one
Authors: Brown, John , 1800-1859
Date: October 13, 1855
One week after arriving at his sons' settlement ("Brownville") near Osawatomie, Brown wrote the family back east that although most were sick when he first arrived, they "appear now to be mending." The trip across Missouri was without incident, except for problems with a sick horse and their "heavy load." Brown then wrote briefly of the Adairs, the "most uncomfortable situation" in which he found his children upon his arrival, and other things including prairie fires and finally the political situation in the territory. In fact, at this early date, John Brown "believe[d] Missouri is fast becoming discouraged about making Kansas a Slave State & think the prospect of its becoming Free is brightening every day."

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Agriculture; Brown, Jason; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Mary Ann Day, 1816-1884; Election, Topeka Constitution delegates to convention, October 1855; Free state; Free state settlers; Missouri; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery supporters; Settlement; Weather


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. S. S. Jocelyn
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: October 15, 1855
Writing from Osawatomie, Samuel Adair mentioned that his family had been sick and that others in the area had been ill and/or died. The bulk of the letter dealt with elections held by both proslavery and antislavery supporters in October, 1855, and the number of Missourians that voted in the proslavery election on October 1. He also discussed the territorial legislature that met at Shawnee Mission. The letter also indicated that a relative and his son and son-in-law had arrived in Kansas Territory and that he had brought a number of weapons. This is probably referring to John Brown, who was a half brother of Adair's wife Florella. Adair mentioned that he was concerned about Brown's war-like attitude. Adair briefly discussed a slaveholder who had left the territory because of his concern about the "outcome." This appears to be a draft of a letter sent to Jocelyn.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Election fraud; Elections; Free state activities; Illness; Jocelyn, S. S.; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Slaveholders; Slavery


Record of Marriages performed by Rev. Samuel Adair
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: December 9, 1855, through January 1, 1861
Adair recorded each marriage he performed. He listed the bride and groom, the location (often a home) and the date. These 21 entries are the marriages he performed in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Marriage; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion; Vital records


Letter, S. L. Adair to the friends of Christ
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: c. 1855
This letter reported on the current religious situation in Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. According to the author, a missionary with the American Missionary Association, the residents had begun the preliminary steps for organizing a church. In Osawatomie there were a number of Baptists, Congregationalists, and Wesleyans, along with a large group who "make no profession of religion." Adair also wrote about the sickness that prevented more formal organization.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; American Missionary Association; Baptists; Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Congregational churches; Missionaries; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion


Letter, Samuel Adair to the Free Mission Sewing Society of the First Congregational Church
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: Circa 1856
Rev. Adair wrote from Osawatomie, K.T. and described the physical characteristics of Kansas as well as the efforts on behalf of the free state cause. The letter detailed efforts to establish Congregational churches in Kansas as well as discussing the activities of other denominations.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Congregational churches; Free state legislature; Free state perspective; Landscape; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Methodists; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Missionaries; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory


Letter, John Brown to Dear Wife [Mary Brown] & Children every One
Authors: Brown, John , 1800-1859
Date: February 1, 1856
From Osawatomie, Brown wrote of the continued severe winter and "the fierce Winds of Kansas," as well as his desire to visit the family at North Elba, New York. But he also mentioned that they had "just learned of some new, & shocking outrages at Leavenworth; & that the Free State people there have fled to Lawrence." Although more conflict threatened, Brown expected little action until the weather improved.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, Salmon; Free state supporters; Household activities; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; North Elba, New York; Proslavery activities; Weather


Letter, Sister M. [Martha] L. Davis to Brother and Sister [Samuel and Florella Adair]
Authors: Davis, Martha Lucretia Brown
Date: June 8, 1856
Martha provided information on the death of Father Brown. She also wrote that they had heard of the conflict at Osawatomie and that "John and two of his sons" had been arrested. She expressed anxiety for their safety.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Davis, Martha Lucretia Brown; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory


Letter, Marian S. Hand to Dear Bro & Sister, [Samuel and Florella Adair] note added by T. W. Hand
Authors: Hand, Marian S.
Date: July 7, 1856
Marian Brown Hand, Rawsonville, Ohio, wrote her sister Florella Adair and brother-in-law Samuel Adair inquiring about events in Kansas and John Brown and his sons. She said the Kansas Aid Societies and Ladies Aid Societies were forming to help families that suffered in Kansas Territory. Her husband added to the end of the letter discussing politics. He felt that Fremont would be elected President and that would insure freedom in Kansas and the North.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Antislavery perspective; Election, Presidential, 1856; Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890; Hand, Marian S.; Hand, T. W.; Ohio; Rawsonville, Ohio; Relief; Women


Letter, S. L. A. [Samuel Lyle Adair] to Bro. John Brown
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: July 16, 1856
From Osawatomie, Samuel Adair wrote his brother-in-law John Brown regarding monies Adair had received for the "free State men in Kansas" and specifies how these funds were distributed.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, John, Jr.; Free state cause; Free state supporters; Jones, John Tecumseh (Tauy); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory


Copy of letter, S. L. Adair to Mrs. H. L. Hibbard
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: August 14, 1856
Adair, writing from Osawatomie, reported on conditions in Kansas. Mrs. Hibbard was the president of the Woman's Kansas Aid and Liberty Association of Chicago, Illinois. He reported that many recent emigrants were ill and others were using up their reserves to help others, hoping they would be repaid by aid received in Kansas. He also reported that a group of Georgians camped near Osawatomie and ran off more than 18 horses. Some free state men were prepared to confront them but they left the area. Adair wrote of rumors that a large force was coming to burn Osawatomie.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Chicago, Illinois; Emigration and immigration; Free state perspective; Hibbard, Mrs. H. L.; Illness; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Migration, internal; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Proslavery settlers; Women


Receipt Book, October - November 1856
Authors: Kansas State Central Committee
Date: October 30, 1856
This Kansas State Central Committee receipt book was one of several in which the committee recorded the various monies, provisions, clothing, etc., that were distributed throughout the territory. Many of the items of clothing were specifically listed for children (e.g., "1 girls calico dress" and "1 pair boys woolen pants"), and many items were received by individuals for distribution among the needy of their particular area.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Blood, James; Children; Clothing and dress; Free state settlers; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Kansas State Central Committee; Merchandise; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Receipts; Relief; Topeka, Kansas Territory


Letter, J. [Jeremiah] R. Brown to Brother and Sister Adair [Samuel and Florella]
Authors: Brown, Jeremiah Root
Date: November 1, 1856
Jeremiah Brown wrote from Hudson, Ohio, to the Adairs in Osawatomie. He had been raising funds to send to Kansas and mentioned other efforts to aid people in Kansas Territory. He wrote about helping various Brown family members. He also wrote about his concerns about the "aggression of the slave power."

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Jason; Brown, Jeremiah; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, John, Jr.; Hudson, Ohio; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief funds; Slave power


Letter and Bill, S. [Samuel] L. Adair to William Hutchinson
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: November 7, 1856
The first page of this four-page document lists five items for which Samuel L. Adair requested payment ($21.25) from the KSCC; these include provisions, medicine, the "balance yet unpaid of money advanced to pay lawyers fees for prisoners at Tecumsee in June last," and the "bill paid for lumber and nails for coffin of Frederick Brown & David Garrison," two of the men killed during the battle of Osawatomie, August 30, 1856. The accompanying letter justified the request.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Frederick; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state cause; Free state settlers; Garrison, David R.; Medicine; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory


Letter, O. [Owen] C. Brown to My Dear Sir
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: November 12, 1856
Brown wrote Samuel Adair in Osawatomie, Kansas Territory from Utica, New York. He reported that he had spoken to ten different groups about needs in Kansas. He reported that Mr. Arny of the National Kansas Committee planned to visit Osawatomie and promised that the people there would get their fair share of aid. He asked Adair a number of questions about the situation there including questions about pro-slavery settlers. He discussed elections and the Know Nothing party.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Elections; Free state support; Know Nothing Party; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National Kansas Committee; National politics; New York; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Utica, New York


List of relief materials received from the Central Committee for distirbution in and around Osawatomie
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: November 13, 1856
The list provided the number and kind of items received to be distributed to families in need of relief. It included clothing, bedding, and food. The list was signed by Andrew Updegraff for S. L. Adair.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Updegraff, Andrew


Letter, B. Darrach to Rev. S. L. Adair
Authors: Darrach, Barstow
Date: November 27, 1856
Dr. Darrach had returned to New York Hospital after being in Kansas. He wrote that he felt the prospects for Kansas are not very favorable. He was concerned that some do not want a "revolution" to result or that Buchanan will not support "freedom," He felt it would take a large emigration of settlers to Kansas to make it a free state. He was sending clothing, cloth and blankets.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Darrach, Barstow; Free state perspective; New York; Relief


Letter, G. S. Lewis to Bro. [Samuel] Adair
Authors: Lewis, G. S.
Date: December 12, 1856
Mr. Lewis was a friend of Samuel Adair and wrote to him from Albany, Athens Co., Ohio. Mr. Lewis was concerned about the safety of the Adair family and commented on the trials they must be suffering. He commented on the bravery of Charley, the Adair's son who helped warn Osawatomie of the coming of proslavery forces prior to the Battle of Osawatomie. Mr. Lewis commented on John Brown, Gov. Geary, John Freemont, and the political situation in Kansas and nationally. He also reported on rumors of slave insurrections in Kentucky and Tennessee.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Albany, Ohio; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Lewis, G. S.; Ohio; Osawatomie, Battle of; Proslavery activities; Slave insurrections


Letter, G. Garrison to My Dear Friend and Nephew [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Gamaliel
Date: Probably December 15, 1856
Mr. Garrison wrote from Yellow Springs, Ohio, after returning from Osawatomie. He mentioned the death of David Garrison and Frederick Brown, who had both been killed in the conflict in Kansas. Garrison wrote that he had expected all his sons to settle in Kansas and that David's wife Rachel still speaks well of the country. He hoped that it would be possible to hold on to David's claim for his heirs.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Frederick; Garrison, David R.; Garrison, Gamaliel; Garrison, Rachel A.; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, James Garrison to S. L. Adair
Authors: Garrison, James
Date: December 15, 1856
James Garrison wrote from Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio to his cousin Samuel Adair. The letter concerned relief efforts on behalf of the free state settlers and concerns about fraud on the part of agents collecting money and goods. Garrison wrote that the Cincinnati Gazette had published a long list of names of Kansas citizens who had been refused clothing by the relief society. He felt an explanation to the public was needed if the relief efforts were to be continued. The letterhead included an engraving of Antioch College. The sheet of paper also contained a letter from Gamaliel Garrison.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Antioch College; Cincinnati Gazette; Garrison, Gamaliel; Garrison, James; Ohio; Relief; Relief fraud; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, R. A. G. [Rachel Garrison] to Dear Friends (Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Rachel A.
Date: December 16, 1856
Rachel Garrison, David's widow, is writing from Yellow Springs, Ohio, with instructions to Samuel Adair on how to settle her family's affairs in Kansas. She wants to try to hold on to her claim but hopes to sell a wagon for $100 and to collect on a note for $40. Sometimes she feels like she wants to return to Kansas. Her husband David was killed in the Battle of Osawatomie.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Jason; Casualties; Garrison, Rachel A.; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, B. Darrach to Rev. S. L. Adair
Authors: Darrach, Barstow
Date: December 17, 1856
Doctor B. Darrach wrote from the New York Hospital and commented on published reports that imply that prospects for Kansas becoming a free state are improving. Darrach shared his thoughts on Republicans and Democrats at the national level and also on reactions of southerners. Darrach also described his personal plans that will prevent him from returning to Kansas.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Darrach, Barstow; Democratic Party (U.S.); Free state perspective; New York; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Southerners


Letter, S. L. Adair to Miss Mary P. Green
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: December 17, 1856
In this letter, Samuel Adair thanked Miss Green for $35 sent by the ladies of La Salle County, Illinois. He indicated that he would try to distribute the money to "no unworthy person," but that it would help relieve the suffering in the territory. He indicated that things were comparatively quiet. He referred to a lack of cash if settlers were required to pay for their land soon, as he felt most would need to take out mortgages. He reported that those suffering the most were families who were sick or where the men were in prison. He expressed gratitude for the support received from the East.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Green, Mary P.; Illinois; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Women


Letter, S. L. Adair to W. F. M. Arny
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: December 18, 1856
Arny was a representative of the National Kansas Committee and Adair was inquiring about various boxes and money that had been sent to the committee in Chicago for forwarding to people in Osawatomie. Adair also seemed to be responding to a request for information from Arny about settlers from Wisconsin in the Osawatomie area and also members of the Eldridge-Pomeroy party. Adair provided information on James Fuller, Thomas Roberts, Joseph Lawes and William and Wakeman (?) Partridge. He listed the names of four men who came with Eldridge and Pomeroy but provided no additional information. He also noted that he loaned Mr. Hyatt $50 and had an "order" for Arny to reimburse him.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Free state settlers; Fuller, James; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Lawes, Joseph; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Partridge, William; Relief; Roberts, Thomas; Wisconsin


Letter, A. Finch to Mr. [Thaddeus] Hyatt
Authors: Finch, H.
Date: December 22, 1856
This letter, written from Osawatomie by A. Finch to Thaddeus Hyatt, chairman of the National Kansas Committee, provided general information about the inhabitants of Osawatomie and neighboring areas. It included a list of about half of the settlers residing in Osawatomie at this time, including the four pro-slavery voters. Mr. Finch went into detail about the most fertile areas that would be excellent sites for free state settlements, and about the economic conditions and financial needs of the settlers.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Agriculture; Chestnut, William; Churches; Economic conditions; Emigration and immigration; Finch, H.; Geer, Samuel; Hawley, John H.; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Mills and mill-work; Money; Natural resources; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Sears, W. A.; Settlement; Storrs, N. S.; Timber; Town settlement; Updegraff, Andrew


Kansas Experience of Charles E. Dewey
Authors: Dewey, Charles E.
Date: December 24, 1856
In this testimony, Charles E. Dewey described how his family and others in their party traveled to Kansas from Ohio. The group sought advice from S. C. Pomeroy about where to settle, and at his urging, they located on South Pottawatomie Creek, possibly in Anderson County. He included in this testimony the names and stories of people that he encountered on his journey and during his early years in the territory. One particularly interesting account was the conflict between a group of Germans and Dewey's party over possession of land claims. Dewey also included details of the difficulties for settlers in Kansas Territory during the years 1855 and 1856. Furthermore, within this testimony he states the experiences of the Winkly brothers who were boarding with him.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Claims (see Damage claims or Land claims); Crops; Dewey, Charles E.; Emigration and immigration; Germans; Health; Illness; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Livestock; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory; Sickness (see Illness); Transportation; Weather


Letter, E. L. [Mrs. William] Partridge to Mr. [Samuel] Adair
Authors: Partridge, E. L. (Mrs. William)
Date: December 28, 1856
Mrs. William Partridge reported on the condition of her husband while a prisoner at Tecumseh. Mr. Partridge was one of the free state men arrested after the Pottawatomie massacre. She described his health and his prospects for being released.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Massacres; Partridge, E. L (Mrs. William); Partridge, William; Pottawatomie Massacre, May 1856; Prisoners; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory


Letter, James Garrison to Dear Cousin [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, James
Date: December 29, 1856
Garrison wrote to his cousin Samuel Adair that he had collected $104.75 to be used for relief in Kansas. He was concerned about how to get the money to Adair and suggested that if he had been able to collect on the sale of Rachel Garrison's goods, that he should use that money instead. He also wanted Adair to write a letter of acknowledgement to the Free Presbyterian published in Yellow Springs, Ohio.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Garrison, James; Garrison, Rachel A.; Ohio; Relief; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Kansas Experience of George Cutter
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: January 1, 1857
This reminiscence is presumably from the Journal of Investigations in Kansas, which was compiled by the National Kansas Committee under the leadership of Thaddeus Hyatt. George Cutter was with Frederick Brown shortly before the Battle of Osawatomie, and like Brown, he was wounded during an altercation with border ruffians. While he was not directly involved in this battle, this reminiscence is still a rather fascinating account.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Agriculture; Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Battles; Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Brown, Frederick; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Casualties; Cutter, George; Darrach, Barstow; Everett, John R.; Fort Titus, Battle of; Franklin, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Free state perspective; Gillpatrick, Rufus; Horses; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Land claims; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Massachusetts; National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery activities; Reid, John W.; Sears, W. A.; Shore, Samuel T.; Skirmishing; Topeka, Kansas; Violence; Violent deaths; Weapons (see also Guns); White, Martin; Wounds and injuries


Letter, B. Darrach to Rev. S. L. Adair
Authors: Darrach, Barstow
Date: January 8, 1857
Darrach at New York Hospital commented on events at the national level and the prospect of little support for the free state cause from Congress or the President. He reported that John Brown was in New York speaking about Kansas and trying to raise some funds and other support.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Darrach, Barstow; Free state perspective; National politics; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869


Letter, O. [Owen] C. Brown to My dear Brother [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: January 21, 1857
O. C. Brown wrote from Utica, New York, to Samuel Adair, in Osawatomie, KansasTerritory. He wrote about speaking engagements on behalf of Kansas. He mentioned Gov. Geary and President Pierce.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Free state support; Geary, John White, 1819-1873; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National politics; New York; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Relief; Utica, New York


Letter, Wm. Russell to Bro and Sister Adair [Samuel and Florella]
Authors: Russell, William
Date: January 23, 1857
Russell was from Memphis, Michigan. He was a classmate of Adair's at Oberlin College and wrote to the Adair family to try to keep in touch with them. Rev. Russell provided information about his family and other Oberlin classmates. He expressed his opinions about the situation in Kansas and said that at times he thought of moving there to support free state efforts.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Free state cause; Michigan; Oberlin College; Russell, William


Letter, D. R. Barker to Brother [Samuel] Adair
Authors: Barker, D. R.
Date: February 16, 1857
Writing from Mercer, Pennsylvania, Barker, a classmate of Adair's at Oberlin College, commented on the political situation in regard to Kansas and pro-slavery forces including pro-slavery churches.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Barker, D. R.; Free state prospects; Oberlin College; Pennsylvania; Proslavery activities; Religion; Slavery


Letter, S. L. Adair to Rev. Joseph Gordon (copy)
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: February 19, 1857
Writing from Osawatomie, Adair thanked Rev. Gordon for $104 raised in Yellow Springs, Ohio, that was sent to James Garrison for "the benefit of sufferers in the cause of freedom in the Osawatomie vicinity." He mentioned the difficulties of distributing aid to everyone's satisfaction and mentioned the Kansas Central Committee. He also wrote of his concerns about how slavery and its demise will impact the nation using phrases such as "conflict of arms" and "fearful doom."

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Free state perspective; Garrison, James; Gordon, James; Kansas Central Committee; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Relief; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, R. A. G. [Rachel Garrison] to Dear cousin [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Rachel A.
Date: February 23, 1857
Rachel Garrison wrote to Samuel Adair that she had a little daughter two months old, which meant she was pregnant when her husband David was killed in the Battle of Osawatomie in August, 1856, and when she returned to Yellow Springs, Ohio. She also mentioned her other daughter, Jania, She was hoping Adair could hold on to the claim the Garrisons pre-empted until it could be entered at the land office. She also listed items she would like Adair to sell for her. The same letter also contained correspondence from James Garrison.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Garrison, James; Garrison, Rachel A.; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Preemption law United States; Yellow Springs, Ohio


Letter, James Garrison to Dear Cousin [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, James
Date: February 27, 1857
Garrison wrote to Samuel Adair about the prospects for Kansas and being harassed by ruffians. He believed only a large migration to Kansas in the spring will prevent it from becoming a slave state. He discussed pro-slavery plans to prevent emigration to Kansas.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Garrison, James; Migration, internal; Ohio; Proslavery activities


Letter, R. [Rachel] A. Garrison to Dear Cousin [Samuel Adair]
Authors: Garrison, Rachel A.
Date: April 17, 1857
Rachel Garrison, the widow of David, wrote Samuel Adair about the family's land claim in Kansas. She noted that a new pro slavery "skamp" (Walker) had been appointed as territorial governor. She inquired if Mr. Day took 500 rails from her claim and that if he did, he should replace them. In a post script, she asked Adair to subscribe to the Herald of Freedom and have it sent to her.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Garrison, Rachel A.; Herald of Freedom; Land claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Battle of; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, B. Darrach to Rev. S. L. Adair
Authors: Darrach, Barstow
Date: April 20, 1857
B. Darrach, a doctor at New York Hospital, wrote Adair that he was encouraged by the results of the Leavenworth election. He has authorized a Mr. Tator to settle his affairs in Osawatomie. He also discussed the slave oligarchy and indications that St. Louis was opposed to slavery. He cited several events that he felt indicated the free state cause was progressing.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Darrach, Barstow; Free state prospects; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); New York; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Slavery


Letter, C. G. Dick to Brother Samuel Adair
Authors: Dick, Campbell Graham
Date: April 21, 1857
Dick was Adair's brother-in-law and wrote from his home in Marshall, Highland County, Ohio. He wrote that he supported the American Missionary Association as it promoted Christianity but he was pessimistic about the chances for Kansas entering the Union as a free state. He wrote that the Democratic party was controlled by the south. He asked Adair to inform him if free state men intended to vote in the elections called by the Bogus Legislature.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; American Missionary Association; Bogus legislature; Democratic Party (U.S.); Free state cause; Free state supporters; Marshall, Ohio; Ohio


Letter, E. B. Whitman to S. L. Adair
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: May 15, 1857
Whitman, located in Lawrence, was the general agent for the National Kansas Committee that was distributing relief supplies in Kansas Territory. He wrote that he was sending Adair potatoes and corn to be distributed for planting. Evidently Adair had written him previously about some boxes of supplies he expected and Whitman speculated they were either in Wyandotte or St. Louis on the Steamer Light Foot on the Kansas River.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Agriculture; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lightfoot (steamboat); National Kansas Committee; Relief; Steamboats; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, B. Darrach to Rev. S. L. Adair
Authors: Darrach, Barstow
Date: June 8, 1857
Darrach, working at the New York Hospital, wrote Adair in great detail about his opinions of Gov. Walker and other political happenings in Kansas.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Darrach, Barstow; Free state cause; Lecompton Constitution; New York; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, William A. Phillips to My Dear Friend [John Brown]
Authors: Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893
Date: June 24, 1857
To "Jas. Smith" (that is, John Brown), William A. Phillips wrote from Lawrence that he would likely not be able to meet Brown en route to KT at Tabor, Iowa, but would arrange for a few others to do so. Phillips believed Brown "should come into Kansas" if he wanted to but "there is no necessity for active military preparations now."

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Census; Free State Party; Free state militia; Holmes, James H.; Land claims; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Phillips, William A. (William Addison), 1824-1893; Smith, James


Letter, S. [Samuel] L. Adair to Mr. J. B. [John Brown]
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: October 2, 1857
Samuel Adair wrote his brother-in-law John Brown from Osawatomie on October 2, 1857, to explain why he could not come see Brown in Iowa. Much of letter describes the general poor state of health in his locale, but he also comments on the political and especially the prospects for free state success in the upcoming election--Adair was not optimistic.

Keywords: Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Daily life; Election fraud; Election, Territorial Legislature, October 1857; Free State Party; Free state prospects; Free state support; Health; Land claims; Lecompton Land Office; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Preemption law United States; Proslavery supporters; Sickness (see Illness); Slave power; Tabor, Iowa; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869


Letter, E. B. Whitman to Dear Sir [Samuel Adair, presumably]
Authors: Whitman, E. B.
Date: October 5, 1857
Whitman wrote from Lawrence, presumably, to Samuel Adair to ask for his assistance in distributing remaining clothing before winter. He included instructions for notifying the public of the availability of relief goods and indicated that the first priority for receiving materials is for who Adair "knows to be in absolute want." Whitman felt the task of distribution should not take more than one week. He also wanted Adair to estimate the number of poor families in his community.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; National Kansas Committee; Relief; Whitman, E. B.


Letter, S. L. Adair to E. B. Whitman
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: January 25, 1858
Writing from Osawatomie, Adair gave an account of clothing he still had on hand, cash received, and expenses incurred. The clothing listed ranges from coats to socks.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); National Kansas Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Whitman, E. B.


[Rules for disbursement of funds for building churches]
Authors: Congregational Church Building Committee
Date: March 23, 1858
The rules spelled out conditions under which Congregational churches or societies received funds for building a Congregational church in a specific community. The money came from the "Fore Father's Day Fund" which was to be used to erect churches in the West. Samuel Adair was a member of the committee which met in Topeka.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Churches; Congregational churches


Draft of Annual Report to the American Missionary Association
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: 1858
This report covered the year 1857 but also described the organization of the Congregational Church in Osawatomie. Adair was preaching at a number of rural churches in the area. It reported on membership and attendance and other religious activities. He also mentioned activities of other denominations.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; American Missionary Association; Churches; Congregational churches; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Religion


Manuscript Volume, Records of the Congregational Church . . .
Authors: Congregational Church of Mount Gilead
Date: April 2, 1859
This small note/ledger volume contained some "Records of the Congregational Church of Mt. Gilead Anderson Co Kansas Territory," which may have been recorded by John S. Hanway, the son of James Hanway (but John S. Hanway's name is not given among members, etc.). The volume covered about a year and a half, from the church's inception in April 1859 to the last dated entry in September, 1860, and was composed mainly of the congregation's articles of faith and by laws. Samuel L. Adair led devotions at the first meeting. The church's first members and/or officers were Wakeman and Mary E. Partridge, J. F. and Ruth I. Wadsworth, Lydia Gilpatrick, Margaret Potter, and William Loomis.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Anderson County, Kansas Territory; Articles of faith; Churches; Congregational Church of Mount Gilead (Anderson County, Kansas Territory); Congregational churches; Gilpatrick, Lydia; Hanway, James; Hanway, John S.; Loomis,William; Mount Gilead, Kansas Territory; Partridge, Mary E.; Partridge, Wakeman; Polter, Margaret; Wadsworth, J. F.; Wadsworth, Ruth I.


Letter, Jason Brown to Rev. S. L.. Adair
Authors: Brown, Jason
Date: April 4, 1859
Jason Brown wrote to Samuel Adair from Akron, Ohio. Evidently, Adair had written him concerning placing a claim for property lost while in Kansas. Brown wrote that he doesn't think any radical anti-slavery supporters would receive any funds from Congress in the near future. He believed that if he had been on the pro-slavery side his claim would be paid. He also inquired about marking the grave of his son.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Akron, Ohio; Antislavery; Brown, Jason; Damage claims; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Ohio; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Proslavery; Tombstones


Letter, Harvey Jones to Rev. S. L. Adair
Authors: Jones, Harvey
Date: December 14, 1859
Jones, who lived in Wabaunsee, K.T., wrote to Rev. Adair after John Brown's attack at Harper's Ferry. Jones asked Adair to write to him about John Brown's character and whether he was associated with a church. Jones, like Adair, was a Congregational minister.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Jones, Harvey; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory; Wabaunsee, Kansas Territory


Report of H. J. Strickler, Commissioner to Audit Claims of Citizens of the Territory of Kansas
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: 1859
Samuel Adair of Osawatomie submitted claim # 124 for one heifer for himself and for a yoke of cattle on behalf of Rachel Gunison [Garrison]. The animals were taken by men under the command of John W. Reid on August 30, 1856. Adair lived near Osawatomie. Each claimant had to submit an itemized list and have two witnesses attest to the losses claimed. Even though many of these claims were approved for payment, no funds were ever appropriated or distributed.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Damage claims; Garrison, Rachel A.; Livestock; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Battle of; Reid, John W.; Strickler, Hiram Jackson


Photograph, Congregational Church, Osawatomie, Kansas Territory
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1860
Exterior view of the Congregational Church, Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. This is the oldest known photo of this church built by Rev. Samuel Adair, c. 1860.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Cartes de visite; Churches; Congregational churches; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Statement, C. A. Foster, Was John Brown present and participating in the masacre at Pottowatomie Creek
Authors: Foster, Charles A.
Date: July 12, 1860
Signed C. A. Foster, Boston, July 12, 1860, this brief statement asserts that John Brown "was not present" at the Pottawatomie Massacre, "but that he knew that it was going to be done" and "he approved it."

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Foster, Charles A.; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie Massacre, May 1856; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Photograph, Samuel Lyle Adair
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: Probably 1862
Samuel Adair and his wife Florella settled near Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. Adair was a minister and free state supporter. His wife was a half sister to John Brown and he occasionally stayed with the Adairs. The family was involved in various free state and relief activities.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Free state settlers; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Letter, S. L. Adair to Miss [Zu] Adams
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: September 16, 1895
Samuel Adair, Osawatomie, Kansas, described the two slaves that he had encountered. One was an eight to ten year old boy that had been hired by a merchant from Kansas City. The other slave of which he was aware was a woman owned by an Indian interpreter named Baptiste. This item is from information collected by Miss Zu Adams in 1895. She was researching the topic of slaves in Kansas and contacted a number of early Kansas settlers requesting information about slaves brought to Kansas Territory. While all of the information she collected was based on reminiscences, it still provides useful information that is difficult, if not impossible, to find elsewhere. Miss Adams and her father F. G. Adams were employees of the Kansas State Historical Society and the information received was donated to that institution.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Adams, Zu; African Americans; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Slaveholders; Slavery; Slaves; Slaves in Kansas Territory


Narrative, Account of the Life of Fredrick Brown
Authors: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: c. 1857
In this undated document, Samuel Adair related significant events in the life of Frederick Brown, one of John Brown's five sons. Frederick, alongside his father, participated in the Pottawatomie Massacre and other raids against proslavery supporters in Kansas Territory until his roadside murder by Martin White in August of 1856. This document also contains part of a letter to the Rev. S. S. Jocelyn recounting the winter's hardships.

Keywords: Adair, Samuel Lyle; Battles; Black Jack, Battle of; Border ruffians; Brown, Frederick; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Daily life; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Free state constitutions; Illness; Jocelyn, S. S.; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas Territory; Sack of Lawrence, May 1856; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Violence; Violent deaths; Weather; White, Martin


Photograph, Charles Stores Adair
Authors: J. P. Marshall & Co.
Date: 
Charles Adair was the son of Samuel Lyle and Florella Brown Adair. They lived near Osawatomie, Lykins County, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Cartes de visite; J. P. Marshall & Co.; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations


Photograph, Florella Brown Adair
Authors: Snyder & Steinhoff
Date: 
Florella Brown Adair was the wife of Samuel Lyle Adair and the half sister of John Brown. She settled near Osawatomie with her husband who was a Congregational minister. She and her husband were free state supporters. The identification on the photograph indicates this is an enlargement of a small photograph taken in 1862.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Cabinet photographs; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Snyder & Steinhoff; Women


Photograph, Florella Brown Adair
Authors: No authors specified.
Date: 
Florella Brown Adair was the wife of Samuel Lyle Adair and the half sister of John Brown. She settled near Osawatomie with her husband who was a Congregational minister. She and her husband were free state supporters.

Keywords: Adair, Charles; Adair, Florella Brown; Adair, Samuel Lyle; Card photographs; Lykins County, Kansas Territory (see also Miami County, Kansas); Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Women


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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