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National Debate About Kansas

National Debate About Kansas > Responses to Activities in Kansas > Speeches
6 Topic Specific Items
Speech, Gerritt Smith to the Kansas Convention
Author: Smith, Gerrit
Date: July 10, 1856

This speech was made by Gerritt Smith to a meeting of the Kansas Convention in Buffalo, New York. In this speech, he argued in support of various resolutions related to border ruffianism in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Antislavery; Bogus legislature; Border ruffians; Kansas question; Missouri compromise; Missourians; Smith, Gerritt; Violence; Voting fraud (see also Contested elections)

Invitation, Address by Ralph Waldo Emerson
Author: Channing, William F.
Date: November 8, 1856

A printed invitation issued by William F. Channing to an address by Ralph Waldo Emerson "in aid of ther sufferers in Kansas." The address was given at the Tremont Temple in Boston Massachusetts and was sponsored by the Young Men's Kansas Relief Society.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Channing, William F.; Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882; Invitation; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Young Men's Kansas Relief Society

Pamphlet, "Affairs in Kansas"
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1856

This pamphlet contains a proclamation made by President Franklin Pierce and a speech by Senator Isaac Toucey. Also included are printed copies of letters and papers which date from December 1, 1855 to February 18, 1856, and communicate between Governor Wilson Shannon and other officials in Kansas Territory and the President and officials of the federal government which relate to "difficulties" in Kansas Territory. In this document, free state efforts are described as those of a "secret military organization" working against the legitimate Territorial Government.

Keywords: Buckley, H.H.; Calhoun, John; Clarke, George W.; Davis, Jefferson; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state activities; Free state militia; Hargis, S.N.; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Marcy, William L.; Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869; Richardson, William P.; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Shawnee Mission; Skirmishing; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Toucey, Isaac; Weapons (see also Guns); Westport, Missouri

Letter, S. G. Hubbard to Capt. John Brown
Author: Hubbard, S. G.
Date: March 2, 1857

From New Haven, Connecticut, S. G. Hubbard, "Yours for Free Kansas," wrote John Brown about a date for his forthcoming meeting in that city.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state support; Hubbard, S. G.; New Haven, Connecticut; Speeches, addresses, etc.

Letter, S. G. Hubbard to Capt. John Brown
Author: Hubbard, S. G.
Date: March 9, 1857

According to S. G. Hubbard who wrote Brown on March 9, 1857, "arrangements for the Hall have fallen through" in his city of New Haven, and Brown might have to settle for "a private conference," if he was interested in this alternative.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Hubbard, S. G.; New Haven, Connecticut; Political parties; Speeches, addresses, etc.

Speech, John Brown
Author: Brown, John , 1800-1859
Date: ca. March 1857

During the spring of 1857, John Brown traveled to several Northeastern cities (specifically, in Brown's home state of Connecticut) to solicit financial support for the Kansas crusade. In the speech delivered from these handwritten notes, Brown outlined some of the many sacrifices he and others had made to give his audience a sense of what was needed and discussed the unfolding situation in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Border disputes and warfare; Border ruffians; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Brown, John, Jr.; Buford expedition; Cato, Sterling G.; Crops; Finance; Free state cause; Hartford, Connecticut; Jones, John Tecumseh (Tauy); Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Missouri; Osawatomie, Battle of; Proslavery activities; Speeches, addresses, etc.

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Invitation, presentation by James Abbott
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  September 5, 1855
This printed invitation announced the New York visit of Kansas Territory's James Abbott and his appointment to speak about "the Triumph of Freedom over Slavery in that vicinity" to interested citizens of New York.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Balrock, Paul; Conkling, F.A.; Free state cause; Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872; King, Charles; Nash, Alanson; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Williams, John E.


Organization of the Free State Government in Kansas with the Inaugural Speech and Message of Governor Robinson
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  March 4, 1856
This pamphlet provides a vivid description of the scene, players, and proceedings of the initial sessions of the Free State Government convened in Topeka. From Governor Charles Robinson's inaugural speech, the intent of the new Legislature was clear: they convened in order to formulate a State government which would serve their political interests and would reflect the principle of "squatter [popular] sovereignty", since the existing Territorial government was merely provisional and furthermore did not advance their free-state aspirations.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Free state legislature; Jones, Samuel J. (Sheriff); Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Squatter sovereignty; Statehood (see also Admission, Kansas); Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement)


Letter, Jonathan Watson[,] J. H. Baker[,] Thos. S. Chase [&] E. H. Chase to Col. C. K. Holliday
Authors: Baker, J. H.; Chase, E. H.; Chase, Thos. S.; Watson, Jonathan
Date:  July 29, 1856
This letter, sent by a Republican Party caucus committee in Titusville, Pennsylvania, requested that Cyrus K. Holliday speak at a convention in August. They described a local political shift, as Democrats agreed to support the Republican presidential nominee. Cyrus already had left Topeka on July 7th, intending to bring his wife, Mary, and daughter, Lillie, to Kansas Territory. Responding to invitations such as this, Cyrus spoke about 130 times on behalf of the Republican presidential candidate, John Charles Fremont, who supported admittance of Kansas as a free state. Though speaking mostly in Pennsylvania, Cyrus saw little of his family until after the November election, which Fremont lost.

Keywords: Democratic Party (U.S.); Election, Presidential, 1856; Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Pennsylvania; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Speeches, addresses, etc.


Letter, Henry Woods to Col [Cyrus K.] Holliday
Authors: Woods, Henry
Date:  October 2, 1856
Henry Woods, member of the Township Meetings and Speakers committee of the Fremont Club, asked Cyrus K. Holliday, founder of Topeka, Kansas Territory, give an address that evening in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Holliday had returned to his home state to speak on behalf of Republican presidential nominee John Charles Fremont, who supported the free state cause. Woods' brief letter was written on the back of a printed list of subcommittees of the Fremont County Executive Committee. Evidentially, Woods had enclosed with the letter a note from G. E. Appleton of Birmingham, which requested that Holliday speak there the following day.

Keywords: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); Speeches, addresses, etc.; Woods, Henry


Invitation, Address by Ralph Waldo Emerson
Authors: Channing, William F.
Date:  November 8, 1856
A printed invitation issued by William F. Channing to an address by Ralph Waldo Emerson "in aid of ther sufferers in Kansas." The address was given at the Tremont Temple in Boston Massachusetts and was sponsored by the Young Men's Kansas Relief Society.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Channing, William F.; Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882; Invitation; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Young Men's Kansas Relief Society


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