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National Debate About Kansas

National Debate About Kansas > Issues and Ideas > Westward expansion
2 Topic Specific Items
Letter, James [Griffing] to My Beloved Augusta [Goodrich]
Author: Griffing, James Sayre
Date: September 2, 1854

James Griffing wrote from Indianapolis, Indiana to his fiancee J. Augusta Goodrich in Owego, New York. Griffing, a Methodist minister, mentioned his plans to go to "Nebraska" and speculated that the "surplus population" in the eastern United States likely would lead to rapid settlement of the territory. Griffing expressed excitement about going to Kansas but he warned his fiancee that he would face hardships.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); Indianapolis, Indiana; Methodists; Religion; Westward expansion

Circular from the State Kansas Aid Society of Wisconsin
Author: Daniels, Edward
Date: No date

Edward Daniels was an agent for the State Kansas Aid Society of Wisconsin. This undated printed circular encouraged the donation of funds to aid emigration to Kansas or the commitment of men to go to Kansas Territory as peaceful settlers. The circular stated that a train of wagons, with six men per wagon, would leave Wisconsin on or before September 15 of an unspecified year. It suggested that emigrants bring double-barrelled shot guns and rifles as well as clothing a blanket, good books, and seeds, with additional money for other equipment. The primary reference to the controversy in Kansas Territory was "each individual is of course honorably bound to remain in Kansas until the settlement of the present difficulties." The document refers to local societies as well at the state society.

Keywords: Daniels, Edward; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Guns; Settlement; State Kansas Aid Society of Wisconsin; Weapons (see also Guns); Wisconsin

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Kansas-Nebraska Act
Authors: United States. Congress
Date:  May 30, 1854
Officially titled "An Act to Organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas," this act repealed the Missouri Compromise, which had outlawed slavery above the 36 degrees 30 minutes latitude in the Louisiana Territory and reopened the national struggle over slavery in the western territories. In January 1854, Senator Stephen Douglas introduced a bill that divided the land west of Missouri into two territories, Kansas and Nebraska. He argued for popular sovereignty, which would allow the settlers of the new territories to decide if slavery would be legal there. Antislavery supporters were outraged because, under the terms of the Missouri Compromise of 1820, slavery would have been outlawed in both territories. After months of debate, the Kansas-Nebraska Act passed on May 30, 1854. Images and document description courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration, Our Documents web site, http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=28. Transcription courtesy of the Avalon Project at Yale Law School, http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/avalon.htm.

Keywords: Kansas Nebraska Act; Missouri compromise; Slavery; United States. Congress; Westward expansion


Letter, James [Griffing] to My Beloved Augusta [Goodrich]
Authors: Griffing, James Sayre
Date:  September 2, 1854
James Griffing wrote from Indianapolis, Indiana to his fiancee J. Augusta Goodrich in Owego, New York. Griffing, a Methodist minister, mentioned his plans to go to "Nebraska" and speculated that the "surplus population" in the eastern United States likely would lead to rapid settlement of the territory. Griffing expressed excitement about going to Kansas but he warned his fiancee that he would face hardships.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Griffing, James Sayre; Griffing, Jemima Augusta (Goodrich); Indianapolis, Indiana; Methodists; Religion; Westward expansion


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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