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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > The Economy > Milling
3 Topic Specific Items
Photograph, Saw Mill, Linn County, Kansas Territory
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1857

A saw mill built by Joseph Trego and the Smiths on Little Sugar Creek, Linn County, Kansas Territory, 1857.

Keywords: Linn County, Kansas Territory; Little Sugar Creek, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Sawmills; Trego, Joseph Harrington

Letter, your affect. Husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Author: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: December 5, 1857

Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, in Illinois. Trego described the furnishings and atmosphere in their "Bachelor's Hall" of a cabin. As he greatly missed them, Trego was eager to receive his family's daguerreotypes by mail; he also spoke at length about both business and domestic matters at home. His friend Ell (Thomas Ellwood Smith) prepared to embark on a trip to St. Louis to purchase a corn mill, which they hoped would translate into a business enterprise that would sustain the three of them.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Daguerreotypes; Domestics; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Livestock; Mills and mill-work; Missouri River; Smith, Edwin; Smith, Thomas Ellwood; St. Louis, Missouri; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington

Letter, Your aff. husband [Joseph H. Trego] to My Dear wife [Alice Trego]
Author: Trego, Joseph Harrington
Date: February 13, 1858

Joseph Trego wrote from Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory, to his wife, Alice, at their family's home in Illinois. Trego further expressed his disappointment that his wife did not plan to travel to the Territory with him that spring. The change in plans did not seem to disrupt those of the Smith brothers, Trego's companions, as they planned to gather their own families. Trego supposed he would stay behind and conduct business at the mill and perhaps enter the market for land sales. The mill's shelter had successfully been erected the day before, so their production would not not be so dependent on the weather conditions.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Land sales; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Missouri River; Real estate investment; Sugar Mound, Kansas Territory; Trego, Alice; Trego, Joseph Harrington; Weather; Women

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Letter, Samuel C. Pomeroy to Sir [likely Edward Everett Hale]
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date:  July 27, 1854
Pomeroy, writing from Southhampton, Massachusetts, indicated his desire to go to Kansas to explore business possibilities and to keep slavery from gaining a foothold in the territory. Pomeroy, who likely was writing to Edward Everett Hale, expressed interest in assisting with the work of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Antislavery; Business; Economic development; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Water-power

Letter, S. C. [Samuel Clarke] Pomeroy to Sir
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date:  October 10, 1855
Pomeroy, writing from Kansas City, informed a New England Emigrant Aid Company representative that he had drawn on Mr. L. (probably Amos Lawrence) for $1000 and Mr. Haskins for $300 to pay for construction work on mills and hotels in Kansas Territory. Pomeroy emphasized that he would reduce spending after completion of the mills and hotels.

Keywords: Construction; Economic development; Hotels; Kansas City, Missouri; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891

Letter, O. [Orville] C. Brown to Dear Sir [Edward Allen]
Authors: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date:  March 18, 1856
Orville C. Brown wrote from his home in Osawatomie to Edward Allen, describing the location of Osawatomie and the natural resources in the area. He also informed the recipient of the letter about the essential provisions to bring when emigrating to Kansas, as well as the current situation of free staters in Kansas.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Free state cause; Indian lands; Mills and mill-work; Native Americans; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory

Letter, E. Hoogland to Thos. N. Stinson, Esq.
Authors: Hoogland, Edward
Date:  July 6, 1856
Edward Hoogland, a resident of Tecumseh, KT who was visiting his family in New York, described a meeting with Governor Wilson Shannon in St. Louis concerning territorial politics. Hoogland displayed a pro-slavery perspective in his comments on Kansas affairs. He described efforts to encourage settlement in Kansas Territory, especially Tecumseh, and to promote economic development in the territory. He mentioned an acquaintance who hoped to establish a sawmill and a gristmill in the territory.

Keywords: Economic development; Gristmills; Hoogland, Edward; Law and Order Party; Mills and mill-work; Sawmills; Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877; Stinson, Thomas N.; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Town building (see Town development); Town development

Letter, L. B. Russell and C. J. Higginson to Messrs. [Samuel C.] Pomeroy and [Charles H.] Branscomb
Authors: Higginson, Charles J.; Russell, Le Baron
Date:  October 1, 1856
Le Baron Russell and Charles J. Higginson, members of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston to S. C. Pomeroy and Charles H. Branscomb in Kansas. Russell and Higginson informed the two company agents that they would be required to settle all company accounts, to compile a complete inventory of all company property in Kansas, and to provide a statement of the precise terms of all company contracts, particularly those related. They urged Pomeroy and Branscomb to devote all of their attention to company affairs and to make every effort to manage affairs more frugally.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Emigrant aid companies; Higginson, Charles J.; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Russell, Le Baron

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