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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > The Economy > Banking
3 Topic Specific Items
Letter, Hiram Hill to Dear Brother
Author: Hill, Hiram
Date: October 16, 1857

Hiram Hill wrote from a steamboat en route to Kansas Territory to his brother. Hill reported no major trouble on the journey until he had reached St. Louis and discovered that there had been a "run on the Missouri Bank" : no Eastern money was available, and businesses were not accepting paper money. Hill seemed to attribute this money shortage to a recent rush of emigration, and thought the situation would improve in the winter, though at the moment in Lawrence and Quindaro things were at a standstill since no one could withdraw money.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Economic conditions; Emigration and immigration; Hill, Hiram; Money; Steamboats; Travel

Receipt, United States Express Company to George Collamore
Author: United States Express Company
Date: December 20, 1858

This receipt documented George Collamore's claim of $100 as forwarded to him from Myers Richardson Miller Company in St. Louis, Missouri, via the United States Express Company.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Business; Collamore, George W.; Receipts; United States Express Company

Financial Statement, Mssrs Simpson Brothers to H. Hill
Author: No authors specified.
Date: August 1859

This document, prepared by the Simpson brothers (possibly Samuel Newell, H.M., and/or W.A.) for Hiram Hill, shows the amount of rent collected for each of Hill's tenants from May 1858 to March 1859. Hill owned several properties in Lawrence, Kansas Territory, which he rented to people and businesses.

Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Rent; Simpson, Samuel Newell

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Proclamation, General Constitution and Banking Law
Authors: Goodin, Joel Kishler; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866
Date:  c. November 24, 1855
This article, published in the Kansas Freeman newspaper, called for an election over the constitution framed by the Topeka Convention in October 1855. "Qualified voters of said Territory will meet at the several precincts hereinafter mentioned, on the 15th day of December, A. D., 1855." In that same election, the voters would be called upon to consider a general banking law. The article also outlined the election precincts and miscellaneous details.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Elections; Goodin, Joel Kishler; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Laws; Topeka Constitution; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855


Letter, [Josiah Miller] to Dear Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date:  Nov 11 1855
Josiah Miller, having recently bought out his business partner, Robert G. Elliott, from their jointly owned newspaper, the Kansas Free State, wrote to his parents in South Carolina about his recent business ventures. He stated that "papers don't pay" and expressed his interest in land claims and real estate, which would earn him more money. Miller also told his parents that he was continuing to search for a farm in Wyandotte County for them to settle on when they arrive in Kansas Territory. He hoped that Congress would approve the constitution that the Free State men had recently submitted.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Constitutions; Free state legislature; Kansas Free State (newspaper); Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Miller, Josiah; Sawmills; Squatters; Topeka Constitution; Town development


The Vote on the Constitution
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  c. December 15, 1855
This article, printed in the Kansas Freeman newspaper, gave a preliminary count of the votes cast in the election to ratify the Topeka Constitution. The other two issues on the ballot were whether or not slaves should be excluded from the territory, and whether or not the territory should have a general banking law. The returns from Lawrence, Topeka, and Tecumseh are all listed, but not all the returns had been tallied.

Keywords: African Americans; Banks and banking; Constitutions; Elections; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Slaves; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitution; Topeka, Kansas


Letter, H. [Hiram] J. [Jackson] Stickler to Col. [Thomas N. Stinson]
Authors: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date:  February 12, 1857
Hiram Jackson Strickler, writing from Lecompton, Kansas Territory to Thomas N. Stinson of Tecumseh, Kansas Territory, described his attempts as a Territorial Council member to advocate on behalf of Tecumseh. He commented upon an unsuccessful effort to have the penitentiary located at Tecumseh. He also mentioned his opposition to issuing bank charters due to his concerns that the banks would issue "wild cat shin plasters" (devalued paper money).

Keywords: Banks and banking; Kansas Territory. Council; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Paper money; Prisons; Stinson, Thomas N.; Strickler, Hiram Jackson; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Territorial Council (see Kansas Territory. Council)


Letter [transcript], Josiah Miller to Dear Father and Mother
Authors: Miller, Josiah
Date:  June 15, 1857
Josiah Miller wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to his Father and Mother in Chester, South Carolina, before their departure for Kansas Territory. Miller informed them of banking practices and his new business enterprise-- raising stock. He also discussed the value of prairie land versus timbered land. Miller referred to the "bogus" election of the day before, which elected delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Lecompton. Free state men did not vote, and only 2,071 votes were polled. This clearly showing that, had the election been conducted fairly, the free state men would have won the majority.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Bogus laws; Bogus legislature; Business enterprises; Democratic Party (U.S.); Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state perspective; Illinois; Land sales; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- )


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