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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > The Economy > Railroads
27 Topic Specific Items
Letter, L. E. Carwell for Dr. Webb, Sec. to Dear Sir [James Abbott]
Author: Carwell, L.E. ; Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: September 22, 1854

L.E. Carwell wrote from Boston on the behalf of Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Society, to James Abbott, regarding travel arrangements for his family. Abbott, along with his wife and children, would depart by train the following Tuesday for Kansas Territory, where they would make their new home.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Emigration and immigration; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Railroads; Travel; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, J. F. Tallant to Hon. E. Thayer
Author: Tallant, J. F.
Date: July 15, 1856

J. F. Tallant wrote from Burlington, Iowa to Eli Thayer in Worcester, Massachusetts, seeking Thayer's endorsement of a plan to build a railroad across southern Iowa from Burlington, on the Mississippi River, to a point on the Missouri River. He observed that the federal government recently passed an Iowa land bill donating alternate sections of land to four railroad routes from the Mississippi River to the Missouri River. Tallant maintained that the proposed southern Iowa route would provide an easier route to Kansas for antislavery supporters.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Iowa; Railroads; Tallant, J. F.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Transportation

Broadside, Chicago and Burlington Railroad "Iowa and Kanzas Spring Arrangement", 1856
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1856

This 1856 advertisement for the Chicago and Burlington Railroad presented its new seasonal schedule, or "Spring Arrangement", which included maps and information about the company's routes from Chicago to Illinois, Iowa, and Missouri, and connection with stagecoach lines in Kansas.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Illinois; Iowa; Maps; Missouri; Railroad companies; Railroads; Stagecoaches; Transportation; Travel

Letter, Ed Russell to Dr. [Franklin] Crane
Author: Russell, Ed
Date: July 2, 1857

The letter was a follow up to Crane's presentation in St. Joseph, Missouri, about efforts to build the St. Joseph and Topeka Railroad. Crane had made a commitment to raise money for building the railroad and Russell was inquiring about his progress. Russell lived in Elwood, Doniphan County, and was lobbying for the railroad to go through that community.

Keywords: Crane, Franklin Loomis; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Elwood, Kansas Territory; Railroads design and construction; Russell, Edward; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; St. Joseph and Topeka Railroad; St. Joseph, Missouri; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Letter, Tho. Ewing, Jr., to Dear Hamp [H. B. Denman]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: July 25, 1857

From Leavenworth, Ewing wrote to a law and business partner, Hamp Denman, who was working on some possible land acquisitions in the Osaukee (Ozawkie?) vicinity. Ewing provided some specific instruction regarding a number of potential deals, including the "fraction . . . Adjoining the Kaw land directly opposite Topeka. My sole object in buying would be to have a RR [railroad] depot on the land, & lay out a town."

Keywords: Business enterprises; Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kansa Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Kansa Indians; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation

Atchison and St. Joseph Rail Road!
Author: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: July 28, 1857

This advertisement announces a meeting of stockholders in Atchison on August 8, 1857.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison and St. Joseph Railroad; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroad companies

Stock Certificate, Saint Joseph and Topeka Railroad Company
Author: St. Joseph and Topeka Railroad Company
Date: August 4, 1857

One share of stock (No. 50) was issued to Sevest Swendson. The certificate indicated it was a temporary one, and new certificates would be issued when the company organized permanently. The certificate was signed by W. Broadus Thompson, president, and Alex A. Jameson, secretary.

Keywords: Certificates; Jameson, Alex A.; Railroad promotion; Railroads; Railroads finance; St. Joseph and Topeka Railroad; Stock certificates; Swendson, Sevest; Thompson, W. Broadus; Topeka and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Shareholders in the Topeka and St. Joseph Railroad Company
Author: Topeka and St. Joseph Railroad Company
Date: c. 1858

Prepared by the temporary treasurer (perhaps Franklin Crane), this list showed the names of individuals who pledged capital to the Topeka and St. Joseph Railroad Company, the number of shares they held, and the communities they represented.

Keywords: Burgess, H. B.; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Dickey, Milton C.; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Doniphan, Kansas Territory; Elwood, Kansas Territory; Grasshopper Falls, Kansas Territory; Hillyer, George S.; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Kansapolis, Kansas Territory; Martin, Samuel E. (Dr.); Palermo, Kansas Territory; Railroad promotion; Railroads; Railroads finance; Russell, Edward; Swendson, Sevest; Thornton, Thomas G.; Topeka and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869; Willits, Jacob

Letter, Andrew J. Dorn to Sir [Charles E. Mix]
Author: Dorn, Andrew J.
Date: January 14, 1858

Andrew J. Dorn, U.S. Neosho Agent, wrote from Kansas Territory to Charles E. Mix, Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Washington, D.C. The letter concerned a land purchase agreement he had heard about between an unnamed railroad company and the Osage Indians. Dorn felt that the Indians had been swindled, and he was reporting the incident to the government. He was concerned that this incident might set a precedent for companies buying large plots of Indian land, which would lead to skyrocketing prices and a scarcity of land.

Keywords: Chapman, J.B.; Dorn, Andrew J.; Ham, M.M.; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Mix, Charles E.; Neosho, Kansas Territory; Osage Indians; Railroad companies; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Letter, Charles E. Mix to Sir [J. Thompson]
Author: Mix, Charles E.
Date: January 29, 1858

Charles E. Mix, Acting Commissioner of U. S. Indian Affairs, wrote to J. Thompson, Secretary of the U. S. Department of the Interior, regarding an incident described to him by Andrew Dorn, Indian Agent in Neosho, Kansas Territory. In this incident, J. B. Thompson, president of an unnamed railroad company bought a tract of land from the Osage Indian tribe without the consent of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Mix asked Secretary Thompson if it would be appropriate to punish Chapman under the Intercourse Act of 1834.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Chapman, J.B.; Dorn, Andrew J.; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian lands; Land sales; Land speculation; Mix, Charles E.; Railroad companies; Schroder, J.T.; Thompson, J.; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Letter, J. Thompson to Sir [Charles E. Mix]
Author: Thompson, J.
Date: February 9, 1858

J. Thompson, Secretary of U.S. Department of the Interior, wrote to Charles E. Mix, Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs, instructing him on how to proceed regarding J. B. Chapman's unlawful purchase of Osage Indian lands for railroad use. He told Mix to inform Agent Andrew Dorn in Neosho, Kansas Territory, where the sale took place, so that he could warn the Osages not to engage in any further sales. Thompson also requested that Mix contact Chapman to inform him that legal proceedings against him would be instituted immediately.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Butler, Pierce M.; Chapman, J.B.; Dorn, Andrew J.; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian lands; Land sales; Land speculation; Mix, Charles E.; Railroad companies; Thompson, J.; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Agreement concerning the Missouri River and Rocky Mountain Rail Road and the Delaware Nation of Indians
Author: Pratt, J. G. J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Robinson, Charles ; Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: August 3, 1858

This agreement offered property to John G. Pratt if he was successful in assisting in the adoption of a treaty between the U. S. government and the Delaware's to make lands in the Delaware Reserve available to the Missouri River and Rocky Mountain Rail Road. Pratt was to receive the equivalent of two sections of land--one near the Delaware Mission and one of timber land, a total of 1280 acres, and $5,000 if the treaty was ratified.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Delaware Indians; Economic development; Land acquisition; Land sales; Missouri River and Rocky Mountain Railroad; Native Americans; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Railroads; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Simpson, Samuel Newell

Letter, J. B. Chapman to Dear Sir [Oscar E. Learnard]
Author: Chapman, John Butler
Date: September 28, 1858

John B. Chapman wrote from Mandovi, Kansas Territory to Oscar Learnard regarding the location of "prospective Rail Roads" and his efforts toward "making Burlington a point" on the road to Emporia. He mentioned the importance of citizen's support for the construction of the line--"subscription of stock, donations, & credit"--to assure its location and some additional problems faced by the rapid advancement of railroads.

Keywords: Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory (see also Lyon County, Kansas); Burlington, Kansas Territory; Butler, John B.; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Emporia, Kansas Territory; Learnard, Oscar E., 1832-1911; Lyon County, Kansas (see also Breckinridge County, Kansas Territory); Railroads; Railroads design and construction; Transportation

Letter, S.C.S [Samuel C. Smith] to Dear Doctor [C. Robinson]
Author: Smith, Samuel C.
Date: December 19, 1858

The focus of this letter from Lawrence to Robinson in Washington, D.C., was the effort underway in Lawrence and Douglas County to attract a railroad and to have it built south of the Kansas River. Leavenworth, Kansas City, and Lawrence were obviously in the midst of their battle to gain advantage on the transportation front, and the decisions being made in Washington at that time with respect to land grants were vital to their future interests.

Keywords: Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Indian treaties; Jayhawkers; Johnnycake, Charles; Kansas City, Missouri; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Montgomery, James, 1814-1871; Pratt, J. G. (John Gill), 1814-1900; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Railroad conventions; Railroad land grants; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Smith, Samuel C.; Stevens, Robert S.

Charles Robinson, Washington, D.C. to William Hutchinson
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 31, 1858

Robinson speculated about the prospects for financing and building a railroad in the Kansas River valley. He contended that government land grants would be necessary for the successful construction and operation of a railroad. Robinson also defended himself against charges that he was not working hard enough to convince the U.S. Congress to support a railroad in the Kansas River valley.

Keywords: Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Railroad land grants; Railroads; Railroads finance; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894

Letter, C. [Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: January 6, 1859

From Washington, D.C., Charles Robinson wrote his wife back home in Lawrence regarding land and railroad issues that he was working on behalf of in the capital. Robinson briefly addresses issues having to do with Indian land disputes, but focuses even more on the competition for railroads being fought out in Washington between Lawrence, Leavenworth, and Kansas City. ". . . Lawrence must fight its own battles . . . . I hope to be able to make Lawrence a point on both roads before we get through." [For more information on this battle over railroads, see I. E. Quastler, "Charting a Course: Lawrence, Kansas, and Its Railroad Strategy, 1854-1872," Kansas History 18 (Spring 1995): 18-33. For a time, civic and business leaders sought to make Lawrence the regional rail center with an aggressive promotion's plan, but they ultimately, and perhaps inevitably, lost the prize to Kansas City; this piece is largely drawn from the author's 1979 book-length study, The Railroads of Lawrence.]

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian floats; Jenkins, Gaius; Kansas City, Missouri; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; School lands; Stevens, Robert S.; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs; United States. General Land Office

Letter, C. [Robinson] to My Dear S [Sara Robinson]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: January 20, 1859

Mostly personal, this brief letter from Washington to Sara R. in Lawrence announces Charles Robinson's impending departure from the nation's capital city and his intention to provide his wife with adequate domestic service in the future. But Robinson also mentions "our railroad bill" and the long awaited "Indian Commissioners decision probably on the float this week."

Keywords: Domestics; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian floats; Railroad land grants; Railroad legislation; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Stevens, Robert S.; Tappan, S. F. (Samuel Forster), d. 1913; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr. to Dear Sir [E. Peabody]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: April 9, 1859

Although Thomas Ewing, Jr., was heavily involved the promotion and development of the Leavenworth, Pawnee and Western Railroad Company from his arrival in K.T., this seems to be one of few letter in the letter press books containing fairly substantial reference to those concerns to this date. Here, Ewing wrote E. Peabody of St. Louis regarding a recent company board meeting there in Leavenworth and plans "to connect with the Hannibal & St Jos: rail road, by the shortest & cheapest route to Bucklin or Easton," bypassing Platte City and Plattesburgh.

Keywords: Bucklin, Missouri; Easton, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Pawnee, and Western Railroad Company; Platte City, Missouri; Platte County, Missouri; Plattesburgh, Missouri; Railroad promotion; Railroads; Railroads finance; St. Louis, Missouri

Letter, Ed Russell to Friend [Franklin] Crane
Author: Russell, Ed
Date: June 1, 1859

This letter, sent by Ed Russell to Franklin Crane, a prominent Topeka citizen, concerned the proposed St. Joseph and Topeka Railroad. Russell was convinced that the people of Topeka had not acted in "good faith" by choosing to route the railroad through Doniphan rather than Elwood. Russell wanted the railroad to go through his hometown of Elwood, which had been the initial plan. This letter illustrates how various communities competed for railroads, even if these railroads were never built.

Keywords: Crane, Franklin Loomis; Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Doniphan, Kansas Territory; Elwood, Kansas Territory; Palermo, Kansas Territory; Railroad promotion; Railroads; Russell, Edward; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; St. Joseph and Topeka Railroad; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [E. Peabody]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: June 9, 1859

To E. Peabody of St. Joseph, Ewing, Jr. wrote with regard to the construction of the railroad from that city to Leavenworth. "I think that by the time you & Maj Osborn come down, we shall be able to satisfy you that whatever is then promised on the part of this City & County will be done--bonds."

Keywords: Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Railroads; St. Joseph, Missouri

Letter, M. J. Parrott to S. N. Wood
Author: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879
Date: March 28, 1860

From Washington, D.C., the territory's delegate to Congress, Marcus J. Parrott wrote Wood about several issues, including the establishment of mail routes and railroad matters. Regarding the latter, he briefly discusses pending legislation and possible outcomes.

Keywords: Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Postal service; Railroad legislation; Railroads; Republican Party (U.S.: 1854- ); United States. Congress; Washington, D.C.; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)

Invitation to a Grand Celebration in Atchison City
Author: Atchison Committee on Invitations
Date: June 13, 1860

In this invitation, the citizens of Atchison invited people to attend an event that celebrated both the "extension of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad" to Atchison and the ground breaking of the Atchison and Pike's Peak Railroad. The invitation entitled the bearer to a free pass on various railroads for travel to Atchison.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison and Pike's Peak Railroad; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Community life; Fairchild, George H.; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Railroad promotion; Railroads; Stringfellow, Benjamin F.

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [E. Peabody]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: June 24, 1860

In this letter from Leavenworth to E. Peabody in St. Joseph, Mo., Ewing sought information about ongoing railroad projects to better inform his and the public's decision in an upcoming bond election. Leavenworth County residents were being asked "to subscribe and issue $100,000 of county bonds to the Leavenworth & Cameron Railroad Company," and Ewing was leaning against it. He favored an extension of the "Platte County road" and subsequent development of the "Leavenworth & Fort Riley road."

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Bonds; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth and Cameron Railroad; Leavenworth and Fort Riley Railroad; Peabody, E.; Platte County, Missouri; Railroads; Weston, Missouri

Letter, C. K. Holliday to S. N. Wood
Author: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: September 19, 1860

Dated Sept. 19, 1860, from Topeka, Kansas, this brief letter from AT&SF founder C. K. Holiday urged Wood to garner support and signatures to influence to the course of a proposed "R.R. [railroad] from the Mo. River via Topeka toward your place. . . . Now is the time to act and act promptly."

Keywords: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Missouri River; Railroads; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Parrott [Marcus J. Parrott]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: September 27, 1860

In late September 1860, Ewing wrote Marcus J. Parrott, the territory's delegate to Congress (Washington, D.C.) regarding prospective railroad legislation. Ewing thought it was time Parrott made himself "heard on this momentous question"--specifically, the focus was then on the "Vandiver bill" in Congress and the influence the Topeka (Railroad) Convention might have on congressional action.

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Pawnee and Western Railroad; Railroad conventions; Railroads; United States. Congress

Letter, Theodore Hyatt to My good friend [W. F. M. Arny]
Author: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: October 5, 1860

Theodore Hyatt of New York wrote to W. F. M. Arny concerning railroads and business in Atchison. Apparently, Theodore had been taking part in some speculation and investing and was not pleased with the results. He wrote that "Kansas would prove the grave-yard of all our earnings and expectations." He also spoke of town lots in Atchison, particularly one lot that he had received from Mr. Fairchild.

Keywords: Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881; Atchison, Kansas Territory; Businessmen; Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Railroads; Town lots

Photograph, Office of the Union Pacific Railway Co. Eastern Division, Wyandotte, Kansas, 1867
Author: Gardner, Alexander , 1821-1882; Gardner's Photographic Art Gallery, 511 Seventh Street, Washington.
Date: 1867

A view of the Union Pacific Railway Co. Eastern Division office, Wyandotte, Kansas, 1867. It is part of a series titled Across the Continent on the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division. The photograph was taken by Alexander Gardner, Gardner's Photographic Art Gallery, 511 Seventh Street, Washington. This is the building where the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention was supposedly held.

Keywords: Gardner's Photographic Art Gallery; Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882; Kansas City, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Railroads; Stereographs; Union Pacific Railway Company Eastern Division; Wyandotte Constitutional Convention, July 1859; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory

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Letter, Tom [Tho. Ewing, Jr.] to Dear Father [Hon. T. Ewing]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date:  
Ewing, Jr., wrote from Leavenworth to inform his father about 915 acres of land, "near the Kaw river . . . three & a half miles north east of Topeka," that had just been purchased for him. "The land is beautiful & fertile--and is adjacent to fine bodies of timber in the Kansas Valley. The proximity of the land to Topeka (which will be the Capital, of the state) and to the rail road, which will undoubtedly be built in a few years is to be considered in estimating the value of the land." He also mentioned its proximity to the "great military road to Fort Riley."

Keywords: Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Military roads; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Timber claim; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation


Letter, L. E. Carwell for Dr. Webb, Sec. to Dear Sir [James Abbott]
Authors: Carwell, L.E. ; Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date:  September 22, 1854
L.E. Carwell wrote from Boston on the behalf of Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Society, to James Abbott, regarding travel arrangements for his family. Abbott, along with his wife and children, would depart by train the following Tuesday for Kansas Territory, where they would make their new home.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Emigration and immigration; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Railroads; Travel; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Letter, Your Mary [Holliday] to My Dear H [Cyrus Kurtz Holliday]
Authors: Holliday, Mary
Date:  December 29, [1854]
Mary Holliday wrote from Meadville, Pennsylvania to her husband Cyrus K. Holliday in Kansas Territory. This, the second letter he received from her, reported the health of his brother George Holliday's family and mentioned her giving money, earned by selling a locket, to his mother. Mary Holliday eloquently expressed her love and the difficulty of their separation. After joking that her cooking skill should meet Kansas Territory standards, she mentioned the plans of Lowry Trowbridge and George Merriman, Pennsylvanians with Kansas fever.

Keywords: Food; Health; Holidays; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Marriage; Meadville, Pennsylvania; New Year; Railroads


Letter, Tovey, R. [Robert] A. to My Dear Wife [Eliza (Matthew) Tovey]
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date:  c. 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr., an Englishman traveling to Kansas Territory, wrote to his wife Eliza (Matthew) Tovey, at their home it Albany, New York. Tovey recounted his travel experiences by steamboat and rail. Throughout, he provided detailed scenic descriptions from New York, the Great Lakes, Detroit, Illinois, St. Louis, and the Missouri River. Tovey, coming into contact with slavery on his journey, included brief commentary on the subject.

Keywords: Diseases; Medicine; Missouri River; New York; Railroads; Slavery; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Transportation; Travel


Kanzas and Nebraska: the History, Geographical, and Physical Characteristics, and Political Position of those Territories; an account of the Emigrant Aid Companies and Directions to Emigrants
Authors: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date:  1854
This volume is generally accepted as the first book on Kansas. It dealt with Nebraska Territory also. The author, Edward Everett Hale indicated that he had researched the various memoirs and exploration journals of the various white men who had visited the area before its creation as a territory. This research resulted in a narrative history that focused on Native Americans and events in the area prior to 1854. Hale also included information about emigrant aid companies and the volume included some printed letters from emigrant aid company agents. The volume included the charter and "objects" of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid company, which was organized in March, 1854. Hale also provided some information on the Emigrant Aid Company of New York and Connecticut, which was organized in July, 1854 and the Union Emigration Society. The Appendices include the constitution of the Worcester Co. Kanzas League and a letter from George S. Park describing the Kansas and Smoky Hill river valleys.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Exploration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Journals; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Landscape; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Native Americans; Park, George S.; Railroads; Settlement; Smoky Hill River, Kansas Territory; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Union Emigration Society; Worcester County Kansas League


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