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Immigration and Early Settlement > The Economy > Land acquisition
46 Topic Specific Items
General Land Agent and Dealers in Real Estate, Leavenworth City and Lecompton, Kansas Territory
Author: Akers, Logan, & Co.
Date: undated

This advertisement was on behalf of Akers, Logan, & Company, describing the services it provided as a real estate company.

Keywords: Akers, Logan and Company; Claims (see Damage claims or Land claims); Immigration and early settlement; Land; Land sales; Land surveys; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Real estate; Real estate business

Letter, Tom [Tho. Ewing, Jr.] to Dear Father [Hon. T. Ewing]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date:

Ewing, Jr., wrote from Leavenworth to inform his father about 915 acres of land, "near the Kaw river . . . three & a half miles north east of Topeka," that had just been purchased for him. "The land is beautiful & fertile--and is adjacent to fine bodies of timber in the Kansas Valley. The proximity of the land to Topeka (which will be the Capital, of the state) and to the rail road, which will undoubtedly be built in a few years is to be considered in estimating the value of the land." He also mentioned its proximity to the "great military road to Fort Riley."

Keywords: Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Military roads; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Timber claim; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation

Memorandum, Instructions as to Wyandot Float
Author: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: [1857]

This document, obviously written by A. H. Reeder either to the surveyor or to Halderman, is undated but was most likely composed in 1857. It addressed issues related to the location of Reeder's claim to land in the Wandotte float.

Keywords: Halderman, John Adams; Indian lands; Lykins, Johnston; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Searl, Albert D.; Surveyor General (see United States. Surveyor General); Wyandot Float

Letter, Janett Barringer to Mr. [Henry Miles] Moore
Author: Barringer, Jarrett
Date: October 16, 1854

Janett Barringer, writing from Mineral Pointe, Wisconsin, sought to purchase a Leavenworth town lot from Henry Miles Moore, secretary of the Leavenworth Town Association. Barringer proposed to pay fifty dollars for the lot.

Keywords: Barringer, Jarrett; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Wisconsin

Letter, Josiah Miller to Father and Mother
Author: Miller, Josiah
Date: January 4, 1855

Josiah Miller, having arrived in Kansas Territory in August 1854, wrote to his father and mother in South Carolina about their impending journey to Kansas Territory. He offered them various suggestions on what provisions to bring and what routes to take, as they would be making the trip by wagon and not by railroad and boat. Miller also discussed his parents' options regarding land purchase and rent once they arrive in the new territory.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Land claims; Land speculation; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Railroads; Squatters; Town lots; Travel; Wagon trains

Quit-Claim Deed and Bond for Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence
Author: Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence: Samuel S. Snyder, Joel Grover, et.al.
Date: June 2 1855

Quit-Claim Deed of the Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence, Kansas Territory, turning ownership of lot #12 of Massachusetts Street over to Josiah Miller and Robert G. Elliott, of Miller and Elliott, publishers of the Kansas Free State newspaper.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Elliott, Robert G.; Grover, Joel; Hutchinson, George W.; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Legal documents; Lykins, William H. R.; Miller, Josiah; Snyder, Samuel S.; Town development

Quit-Claim Deed and Bond for Samuel Pomeroy
Author: Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence: Samuel S. Snyder, Joel Grover, et.al.
Date: June 2, 1855

This Quit-Claim deed documented Samuel C. Pomeroy's purchase of property in Lawrence, K.T., including lots on Vermont, Tennessee, Rhode Island, and several other streets, from the Trustees of the Town Site of Lawrence, comprised of Samuel S. Snyder, Joel Grover, John P. Wood, William H. R. Lykins, and George W. Hutchinson (S.N. Wood's name is printed on the document but crossed out by hand and Hutchinson's name written in).

Keywords: Grover, Joel; Hutchinson, George W.; Land speculation; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lykins, William H. R.; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Snyder, Samuel S.; Town lots; Wood, John P.; Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)

Kansas pioneer staking his squatter claim, 1855
Author: Reader, Samuel James
Date: July 26, 1855

Samuel Reader painted this watercolor of himself staking a claim at Indianola. Reader moved to Kansas from Illinois in 1855, attracted by "rich, cheap farm land" (as stated in his autobiography). The inscription on the painting reads, "Samuel J. Reader. July 26, 1855." The artist drew many Kansas territorial and Civil War scenes.

Keywords: Art; Artist; Daily life; Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Indianola, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claims; Objects; Photographs and Illustrations; Reader, Samuel James; Settlement; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Squatters

Legal Document, Abandonment of Land near Lawrence
Author: Pratt, Caleb S.; Updegraff, E.
Date: October 15, 1855

This document dated October 15, 1855, and signed by Caleb S. Pratt, Levin B. Dennis, Joshia Smith, and R. T. Hooton, appeared to be their statement of abandonment for any claim to "lands situated in the vicinity of Lawrence" (640 acres) as defined within the agreement. It seemed that Charles Robinson was to locate "a Wyandotte Indian Float" on this same section of land.

Keywords: Dennis, Levin B.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hooten, R. T.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pratt, Caleb S.; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Smith, Joshia; Updegraff, E.; Wyandot Float; Wyandot Indians

Letter, Thomas A. Hendricks to John A. Halderman
Author: Hendricks, Thomas A.
Date: January 16, 1856

Thomas A. Hendricks, commissioner, General Land Office, Lecompton, wrote to J. A. Halderman of Leavenworth regarding a request for information about the preemption laws. He indicated that circulars were being sent and briefly discussed Indian reserves that are not subject to preemption but rather were "to be sold by the United States, on account and for the benefit of said Indians."

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Delaware Indians; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Halderman, John Adams; Hendricks, Thomas A.; Indian reserves; Iowa Indians; Native Americans; Preemption law United States; United States. General Land Office

Letter, Hiram Hill to E. B. Whitman
Author: Hill, Hiram
Date: March 28, 1856

Hiram Hill wrote from Williamsburgh, Massachusetts, to E.B. Whitman, presumably in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Hill asked him for the news of Lawrence, including the progress of several buildings' construction and the development of Whitman's map. Hill also inquired about Wyandotte and Shawnee Indian lands in the area, and expressed his interest in investing in them, as long as the land was good.

Keywords: Free State Hotel; Hill, Hiram; Indian lands; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Maps; Shawnee Indians; Wyandot Indians

Public letter with Interrogatories
Author: Whitman and Searl
Date: May 8, 1856

Edmund A. Whitman and Albert D. Searl established an Emigrants' Intelligence Office in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. They stressed the importance of finding out information about the country before making a decision about acquiring land in a particular area. This printed letter outlines several issues to be considered and also presents a series of twenty-two questions that they recommend be answered when considering where to settle. While a few of the questions relate to the slave versus free state controversy, most are general concerns to be considered in selecting a place to live. Whitman and Searl produced at least one early Kansas map.

Keywords: Business; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrants' Intelligence Office; Emigration and immigration; Immigrants; Immigration (see Emigration and immigration); Immigration and early settlement; Land acquisition; Land sales; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Searl, Albert D.; Settlement; Whitman and Searl; Whitman, E. B.

Advertisement, Emigrant's Intelligence Office
Author: Whitman and Searl
Date: June 15, 1856

This advertisement by Whitman and Searl, Lawrence, Kansas Territory, stated that they were proposing to open an Emigrant's Intelligence Office to "meet the urgent demands by emigrants, for accurate and reliable information in regard to the different sections of the Territory." Apparently, they had worked to create a map of Kansas, which made them qualified for this task. They also offered their services as general land agents and wrote that they "are also prepared to lay out town sites and to survey farm claims," to "negotiate the sale and transfer of town property," and to "investigate the validity of titles."

Keywords: Advertisements; Emigrants' Intelligence Office; Emigration and immigration; Land; Land acquisition; Land sales; Land surveys; Land titles; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Searl, Albert D.; Settlement; Town sites; Whitman and Searl; Whitman, E. B.

Receipt, purchase of town lot in Iowa Point, Kansas Territory
Author: Forman, Harvey W.
Date: July 29, 1856

This handwritten receipt documents William Patton's purchase of one town lot in Iowa Point, Kansas Territory, from Harvey Forman, founder of the town. 1858 was the culminating point of the town's history. At that time it was the second largest city in Kansas and was a business rival to Leavenworth. Also in 1858, a ferry company was organized, with Forman as president, and a steam ferry-boat put in operation on the Missouri. The town built up rapidly, a brick-yard was started by Joseph Selecman, and this material was substituted for wood in almost all buildings erected from that time on (adapted from William G. Cutler's "History of the State of Kansas").

Keywords: Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Forman, Harvey W.; Iowa Point, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land sales; Patton, William; Town lots

Legal document, sale of land to William Patton
Author: No authors specified.
Date: September 6, 1856

This Indenture documented the sale of several lots in Iowa Point, Kansas Territory, to William Patton. The land was purchased from the founders of Iowa Point, Kansas Territory, John and Harvey Forman, and John Pemberton, who had bought the land through the U.S. Government after it was opened to white settlers. Iowa Point was settle on former Iowa Indian lands.

Keywords: Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Forman, Harvey W.; Forman, John W.; Iowa Point, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land sales; Patton, William; Pemberton, John

Letter, S. N. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Author: Simpson, Samuel Newell
Date: September 30, 1856

Samuel Simpson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill, expressing his support for the election of John Fremont to the Presidency. Simpson also discussed the prospective purchase of Wyandot Indian lands, and told Hill he would invest in them if Hill wished. He added that he had received direction from Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Society, to draw money from him; Simpson assumed this was the money sent by Hill.

Keywords: Hill, Hiram; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Money; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Wyandot Indians

Quit-Claim Deed, Charles A. Wright to George W. Collamore
Author: Wright, Charles A.
Date: December 25, 1856

Quit Claim Deed for Charles Wright, signing ownership of land on New Hampshire and Rhode Island streets in Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to George W. Collamore. Collamore would become mayor of Lawrence in 1863.

Keywords: Collamore, George W.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land sales; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Legal documents; Wright, Charles A.

Settlers on the Marais des Cygnes River
Author: Stewart, John E.
Date: c. 1856 or 1857

This document, presumably compiled by John E. Stewart at the request of Thaddeus Hyatt, lists the pro-slavery and free state settlers who resided on the Marais des Cygnes River in Kansas Territory. The author also included a listing of where the free-state settlers lived before coming to Kansas.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Free state settlers; Illinois; Indiana; Kentucky; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Marais des Cygnes River; Missouri; Ohio; Pennsylvania; Proslavery settlers; Settlement

Settlers on Little Sugar Creek
Author: Stewart, John E.
Date: c. 1856 or 1857

This listing of the settlers along Little Sugar Creek includes information about each settler, the resources in the area, and local buildings. It also includes an account of an attack by the Missouri ruffians in which a number of men were carried off to Westport, Missouri. It was most likely compiled by John E. Stewart at the request of Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee.

Keywords: Arkansas; Border ruffians; Churches; Free state settlers; Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Little Sugar Creek, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; Missouri; Ohio; Proslavery settlers; Schools; Settlement; Timber; Titus, Henry Theodore; Violence; Westport, Missouri

Quit-Claim Deed and Bond for Samuel I. Jones to Josiah Miller
Author: Jones, Samuel I.
Date: April 30, 1857

This quit-claim deed, executed by Samuel I. Jones as administrator for Thomas Connelly [deceased?], turned ownership of lots 62 and 64 on Rhode Island street to Josiah Miller.

Keywords: Blord, S.H.; Connelly, Thomas; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Jones, Samuel I.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Legal documents; Real estate transactions; Sampson, Turner

Certificate, receipt for purchase of Iowa Trust Lands
Author: No authors specified.
Date: June 8, 1857

When the Territory was opened in 1854, the Iowa Indians inhabited most of northern Doniphan County. Shortly after the passage of the Kansas- Nebraska bill a treaty was made between the U.S. Government and the Indians, by which the Indians sold a most of their lands and accepted the diminished reserve which they still occupy. The land that was then released to the Government was known as the "Iowa Trust lands," and was, with the exception of 480 acres, sold to the highest bidder (adapted from William G. Cutler's "History of the State of Kansas").

Keywords: Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Indian lands; Iowa Indians; Iowa Point, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Settlement

Quit-Claim Deed for Charles and Sarah Robinson
Author: Bassett, Owen A.
Date: June 24, 1857

By this Quit-Claim Deed, Charles and Sarah Robinson relinquished ownership of a section of their property in Leavenworth County to Edward Babb of Cincinnati, Ohio.

Keywords: Babb, Edward; Bassett, O. A. (Owen Abbot); Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Real estate transactions; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Smith, Samuel C.

Agreement, between Pomeroy and Theodore Hyatt
Author: No authors specified.
Date: June 29, 1857

"This agreement made this 29th day of June 1857 Between Samuel C. Pomeroy of the City of Atchison Kansas Territory. . .and Theodore Hyatt of the City of New York" addressed the conveyance of certain portions of city lots in Atchison and other land to the latter, as well as "one half of said Pomeroy's interest in the Squatter Sovereign," etc. In exchange Pomeroy received several thousand dollars.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Speculation; Squatter Sovereign; Town lots

Quit Claim Deed, Hiram Hill to S.N. Simpson
Author: Hill, Hiram
Date: November 2, 1857

Hiram Hill sold and quit-claimed one-half of his interest in the development of West Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Samuel N. Simpson for $10,000. This amount of land was equivalent to one-seventh of the total shares invested in the land designated the "Joel Walker float", also known as West Lawrence. Joel Walker was affiliated with the Quindaro Town Company and was a fellow free state supporter.

Keywords: Chadwick, Charles; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Hill, Hiram; Real estate investment; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Town lots; West Lawrence, Kansas Territory

Quit-Claim Deed and Bond for Josiah Miller
Author: Pronty, Salmon S
Date: November 3, 1857

Josiah Miller's quit-claim deed for property in Lawrence, Kansas Territory, covered lots on Massachusetts, Kentucky, Connecticut, Ohio, and Rhode Island Streets. The property was signed over to a Robert H. Miller, his father. Miller's family had recently traveled from Chester, South Carolina, to Sparta, Illinois, where the deed was sent by post in order to obtain Robert's signature.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Land titles; Legal documents; Miller, Josiah; Prouty, Salmon S.; Town lots

Summary Report of the number of residents
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857

This document summarizes the results from a number of other documents that recorded the number of free state and proslavery settlers in various areas of Kansas Territory. It records 118 free state men and 94 proslavery men. It also cites the number of free state families in need of assistance and the number of good claims still available. The author acknowledges that these numbers are close, but not completely accurate.

Keywords: Big Sugar Creek, Kansas Territory; Emigration and immigration; Free state settlers; Land claims; Little Osage River, Kansas Territory; Proslavery settlers

Residents on the Marais des Cygnes, commencing at the state line
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857

This report provides a listing of the total number of residents along the Marais des Cygnes River, including free state residents, proslavery residents, and free state residents "in distress." It also contains brief accounts of specific individuals and information about the surrounding area, such as the availability of land claims.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Free state settlers; Marais des Cygnes River; Proslavery settlers

Residents on the Little Osage
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857

This brief report describes the settlers along the Little Osage River, stating that it is occupied mostly by proslavery settlers; there are only three or four free state residents. The report mentions Enoch Osbourne (presumably a free state settler) who was driven from his land, and also notes that there is a need for free state men on this creek.

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Free state settlers; Little Osage River, Kansas Territory; Proslavery settlers

Residents on Marmiton Creek
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857

This document lists the names and origins of the residents of Marmiton (Marmaton) Creek, including whether each settler was free state, pro slavery, or noncommittal. The first page lists the total number of settlers and also includes a brief description of the area.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Free state settlers; Marmaton, Kansas Territory; Marmiton Creek; Proslavery settlers

Residents on Big Sugar Creek
Author: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: c. 1857

This account contains the names and origins of both free state and pro slavery settlers that lived on Big Sugar Creek. The document begins with a brief description of the area and mentions particular cases of settlers who had noteworthy experiences. Of the 25 pro slavery residents, two owned slaves. It was presumably collected by Thaddeus Hyatt or some other member of the National Kansas Committee.

Keywords: African Americans; Big Sugar Creek, Kansas Territory; Emigration and immigration; Free state settlers; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Proslavery settlers; Slaves

Residents on Lost Creek, a tributary of the Little Osage
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857

This document lists the names and origins of the proslavery and free state settlers that lived along Lost Creek, on the north edge of Bourbon County. The first page details information about specific families in the area and states that Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, made arrangements to aid those settlers who are listed as being "in distress."

Keywords: Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Emigration and immigration; Free state settlers; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Little Osage River, Kansas Territory; Lost Creek, Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Proslavery settlers

Letter, R. S. Stevens to Hon. J. W. Denver
Author: Stevens, Robert S.
Date: April 14, 1858

Robert S. Stevens wrote from Washington, D.C. to James W. Denver, governor of Kansas, discussing manners of obtaining and using certain Indian lands. Stevens had been in contact with Charles Mix, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, in order to understand the existing agreements between the government and the various tribes. He pressed Governor Denver to make a treaty with the Delaware and Pottawatomie tribes to get control of their lands before the end of the current legislative session, which would allow him to present and get approval for any necessary bills relating to the lands in a shorter amount of time.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Denver, James William, 1817-1892; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian lands; Mix, Charles E.; Native Americans; Pottawatomi Indians; Railroad companies; Stevens, Robert S.; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Letter, Chas. Chadwick to Hiram Hill Esq
Author: Chadwick, Charles
Date: June 1, 1858

Charles Chawick wrote from Quindaro, Kansas Territory, to Hiram Hill in Massachusetts, to tell him that it appeared favorable that Hill would win possession of the land disputed by Robert Robetaille, a Wyandot Indian. However, Chadwick feared that the decision may not be made as easily as he had earlier anticipated, since Robert Lawrence had been seen in Leavenworth and had not traveled to Washington to work with Nathaniel Causin. Nonetheless, Abelard Guthrie had given up trying to obtain the land as well, leaving Hiram as the only other claimant.

Keywords: Causin, Nathanial Pope; Guthrie, Abelard; Hill, Hiram; Land claim disputes; Lawrence, Robert J.; Lawyers; Long, Irving; Morton, Albert C.; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robitaille, Robert; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory

Notice, Land Office, Kickapoo, K.T.
Author: Whitfield, John W. (Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879; Woodson, Daniel
Date: June 12, 1858

Issued by John W. Whitfield, land office register and former proslavery territorial delegate to Congress, on June 12, 1858, this one-page notice informed Sol Miller of a counter claim made against some preemption land in which Miller (referred to as "an adverse claimant") apparently held an interest. The notice was also signed by Daniel Woodson, receiver, who had served as the first secretary of the territory of Kansas and on several occasions in 1855 and 1856 as acting governor.

Keywords: Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Miller, Solomon (Sol); Preemption law United States; United States. General Land Office; Whitfield, John W. (John Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879; Woodson, Daniel

Letter, M. Brimmer to M. F. Conway
Author: Brimmer, Martin
Date: July 16, 1858

Martin Brimmer, member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Brimmer asked Conway for advice on whether the Company should start offering to sell town lots and shares on terms requiring a cash down payment and the balance paid over a period of months. Previously, the Company had required a cash payment for the entire cost of the town share or lot. Brimmer also speculated speculating that Kansans would vote against the Lecompton Constitution in the upcoming August 1858 election.

Keywords: Brimmer, Martin; Conway, Martin Franklin; Election, Lecompton Constitution ratification, August 1858; Election, Lecompton Constitution, August 1857; Emigrant aid companies; Land acquisition; Land sales; Leavenworth Constitution; Lecompton Constitution; Loans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Real estate; Town lots; Town shares

Sale of Public Lands in the Territory of Kansas
Author: Hendricks, Thomas A.
Date: July 21, 1858

This flyer announced the sale of various public lands in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Hendricks, Thomas A.; Kickapoo, Kansas Territory; Land; Land acquisition; Land sales; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; United States. General Land Office

Letter, Edward Atkinson to G. W. Collamore Esq.
Author: Atkinson, Edward
Date: October 22,1858

Edward Atkinson wrote from Boston to George Collamore, future mayor of Lawrence, Kansas Territory, regarding the location and purchase price of good farm land. Atkinson made the inquiry for a friend, a stone mason who lived in Somerset County, New York, who was interested in emigrating "to some region where he would have better prospects."

Keywords: Atkinson, Edward; Collamore, George W.; Emigration and immigration; Land acquisition; New York; Stonemasons

Shooting of Gaius Jenkins
Author: No authors specified.
Date: July 24, 1858

Newspaper clipping from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, July 24, 1858, describing the shooting of Gauis Jenkins by Jim Lane. The two men were claiming rights to the same portion of land. Lane shot Jenkins when he tried to get water from the well on this contested property.

Keywords: Jenkins, Gaius; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land speculation; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Violence

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Sir [Milton Fithion]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 14, 1859

Recently back in Leavenworth after spending the winter in Washington conducting railroad business, Thomas Ewing, Jr., wrote to Milton Fithion [?] of Urbana, Ohio, regarding payment for what was apparently a bogus "Wyandot float." Such a claim, if valid, "would be worth from $1,500 to $2,000," but Marcus Parrott, who had agreed to buy the float had discovered that the named "Wyandot" was not included in the "treaties as entitled to land."

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fithion, Milton; Indian treaties; Land claims; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Urbana, Ohio; Wyandot Float

Letter, Frank Walker to Milo Walker
Author: Walker, Frank
Date: June 26, 1859

In this letter to his brother Milo, Frank Walker wrote that he had preempted land in Linn County, Kansas Territory, in Section 25 of Township 21S, Range 22E. He had 80 acres that he thought was worth $1000 and he indicated that he intended "to engage in a little speculation that I will make 1000 more. He suggested that if Milo or his sisters could get $150 he could get them 80 acres also. Walker was writing from Mound City, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Land claims; Land speculation; Linn County, Kansas Territory; Mound City, Kansas Territory; Walker, Frank

Pre-emption Certificate, issued to Jack H. Martin
Author: United States Government
Date: November 10, 1859

The U.S. government, Kickapoo land office, issued this printed "Pre-emption Certificate" to Jack Martin over President James Buchanan's signature on November 10, 1859, for 180 acres in Atchison County.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Certificates; Kickapoo Indians; Preemption law United States; United States Government; United States. General Land Office

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to My dear Sir [Hon. John Sherman]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: December 16, 1859

Ewing wrote Republican Congressman John Sherman in Washington, D.C., to implore him not to support the appointment of William Montgomery (D., Pa.) to the Committee on Public Lands. The Pennsylvania congressman was heavily invested in Atchison and could be expected to continue to support an inequitable Public Land bill.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Montgomery, William; Parrott, Marcus J., 1828-1879; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; United States. Congress; United States. Congress. House. Committee on Public Lands; Washington, D.C.

Letter, Tho. Ewing Jr to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr.]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: March 9, 1860

Thomas Ewing, Jr., wrote from Leavenworth to his father in Ohio seeking his assistance with a legal matter involving claims to the land "reserved to certain half breeds of the Kansas tribe." Most of this land was occupied by squatters and questions of legal title and transfer were being litigated in the territorial and federal courts.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Courts; Elmore, Rush; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Kansa Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Kansa Indians; Kansas Territory. Supreme Court; Land claim disputes; Land speculation; Lawyers; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Native Americans; Ohio; Pettit, John; Squatters; Territorial Supreme Court (see Kansas Territory. Supreme Court)

Letter, Geery & Butterfield to S. N. Wood
Author: Geery & Butterfield
Date: April 14, 1860

This letter from Junction City addressed the issue of preemption and the method of protesting a claim. It is not entirely clear, but Margaret Wood, Sam Wood's wife, was a party in this legal matter.

Keywords: Junction City, Kansas Territory; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Preemption law United States; United States. General Land Office; Wood, Margaret

Bounty Land Grant for Franklin Crane
Author: General Land Office
Date: June 1, 1860

A bounty land grant was originally issued to Oliver Brown, a private during the War of 1812. This document declares that the tract of land described has been turned over to Franklin Crane, a resident of Topeka, who most likely purchased it from the original owner. This was done in accordance with an act of Congress passed on March 3, 1855, entitled "An Act in addition to certain Acts granting Bounty Land to certain Officers and Soldiers who have been engaged in the Military Service of the United States." It was signed by President James Buchanan.

Keywords: Buchanan, James, 1791-1868; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Land acquisition; Land titles; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; United States. General Land Office; United States. Surveyor General

Kansas. Lands in the Late New York Indian Reserve, Synopsis of the President's Proclamation No. 667
Author: Wilson, Joseph S.
Date: Sept. 10, 1860

This printed circular described the process for acquiring land in the former New York Indian Reserve in Kansas. It includes provisions for those who have pre-empted land and for land claimed by native Americans. The sale was handled by the General Land Office at Fort Scott, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Allen County, Kansas Territory; Bourbon County, Kansas Territory; Butler County, Kansas Territory; Fort Scott, Kansas Territory; Greenwood County, Kansas Territory; Land acquisition; Land claims; New York Indian Reserve; United States. General Land Office; Wilson, Joseph S.; Woodson County, Kansas Territory

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Deed of Caleb S. Pratt for Charles Robinson
Authors: Pratt, Caleb S.
Date:  October 13, 1853
This handwritten deed entitled Charles Robinson to the ownership of a house and farm claim south of the town of Lawrence, which was previously owned by Caleb Pratt.

Keywords: Emery, James Stanley; Emigration and immigration; Land acquisition; Legal documents; Lykins, William H. R.; Pratt, Caleb S.; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement


Letter, R. A. Tovey to My Dear Wife
Authors: Tovey, Robert Atkins
Date:  January 23, 1854
Robert Atkins Tovey, Sr., wrote to his wife, Eliza (Matthew) Tovey, at their home in Albany, New York. Tovey reported that, since the freezing of the Missouri River, mail was slow, and he had lost his job making stove fixings because of the inability to obtain materials from steamboat transport. Tovey also described his friend Swifts' problems maintaining ownership of his land claim, and the prospect that he himself may participate in a new town's development.

Keywords: Commerce; Labor; Land acquisition; Land claim disputes; Land claims; Missouri River; Religion; Squatters; Swift, J. Dedan; Tovey, Robert Atkins; Town development; Weather


Letter, S. C. Pomeroy to Mr. [Amos Adams] Lawrence
Authors: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date:  September 22, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Samuel Pomeroy wrote from a settlement, which would come to be called Lawrence, in Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Lawrence was an investor who sponsored the emigrant group who would settle the town of Lawrence. Pomeroy reported that Charles Robinson had been elected President of the Lawrence Association, the first governing body of the town. He was enthusiastic about the abundance of timber resources in the area, which, once secured from the Indians, would make for a good business enterprise. Emigrants were arriving in droves, filling the hotels and increasing demand for land claims. Though he remained positive, Pomeroy warned "Don't make yourselves believe that the slave holders have given up Kansas!" and anticipated a political battle during the upcoming Territorial Legislature election.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Branscomb, Charles H.; Business enterprises; Elections; Emigration and immigration; Hotels; Illness; Indian lands; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Proslavery supporters; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Timber; Town development


Certificate, Leavenworth Association, Five Town Shares
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date:  October 9, 1854
This certificate for "five shares of the Town property of Leavenworth Association" was made out to Andrew H. Reeder, the first territorial governor. It was signed by H. Miles Moore, secretary, and George W. Gist, president. The latter, and two other men, had laid claim, according to Andreas's History of Kansas, to the land that would become Leavenworth city on June 12, 1854, the first land claimed in the territory by U. S. citizens after passages of the Kansas Nebraska Act.

Keywords: Gist, George W.; Land acquisition; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Town shares


Letter, Janett Barringer to Mr. [Henry Miles] Moore
Authors: Barringer, Jarrett
Date:  October 16, 1854
Janett Barringer, writing from Mineral Pointe, Wisconsin, sought to purchase a Leavenworth town lot from Henry Miles Moore, secretary of the Leavenworth Town Association. Barringer proposed to pay fifty dollars for the lot.

Keywords: Barringer, Jarrett; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Wisconsin


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