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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > The Economy > Speculation
17 Topic Specific Items
Letter, James M. Hunter to T. N. Stinson
Author: Hunter, James M.
Date: December 5, 1854

James M. Hunter, writing from Westport, Missouri, informed Thomas N. Stinson about a joint land speculation deal involving lots in Tecumseh, KT. Hunter alluded to Governor Andrew Reeder's involvement in the speculative venture.

Keywords: Hunter, James M.; Land speculation; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Stinson, Thomas N.; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Town lots

Certificate, Riley City Town Share
Author: Riley City Town Company
Date: February 19, 1856

A typical, printed town share certificate, these two documents certified that "Dr. Chas Robinson" had two shares each of which was for "one share of six lots in the City of Riley, Kansas Territory." They were signed by John Westover and Robert Klotz at Riley City, February 19, 1856.

Keywords: Davis County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Riley City, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Town companies; Town shares

Certificate, Surveyor General to William H. Bayless
Author: No authors specified.
Date: March 4, 1856

This certificate documented William Bayless' acquisition of pre-emption rights to land in Kansas Territory, which would then be distributed to incoming settlers.

Keywords: Bayless, William; Calhoun, John; Emigration and immigration; Kansas Territory; Land grants; Settlement; United States. Surveyor General

Letter, C. Robinson to Dear Sir [John Calhoun, Esq.]
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: December 3, 1856

Charles Robinson wrote to John Calhoun, the Surveyor General in Lecompton, about the paperwork that he himself had filed the last year regarding a "float" ownership in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Robinson had found that the ownership notice was not on file with the government, and was sending Calhoun proof of ownership in an attempt to correct the problem. John Calhoun was an avid pro-slavery supporter, having once said that he was "too lazy to work" and "wanted the negroes to do it for him".

Keywords: Calhoun, John; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Land claim disputes; Land surveys; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Tennery, William M.; Wyandot Float

Letter, [Ely Moore and William Brindle] Lecompton Land Office to Charles Robinson, Esq.
Author: Brindle, William ; Moore, Ely
Date: May 9, 1857

Ely Moore, Register, and William Brindle, Receiver of the Lecompton Land Office wrote to Charles Robinson regarding his ownership of a claim. Robert Robetaille, a Wyandotte Indian, had come forward to place his name on the same piece of land. Robinson was required to produce counter proof of ownership of the claim at the Lecompton Land Office. A. A. Lawrence, in a letter to Robinson dated April 29, 1857, referred to Robinson's attempt to obtain ownership papers of this "float" claim.

Keywords: Brindle, William; Land claim disputes; Lecompton Land Office; Moore, Ely; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robitaille, Robert; Wyandot Indians

Memorandum of agreement bewteen Klaus and Gray
Author: Gray, Alfred ; Klaus, Fredrick
Date: June 13, 1857

Gray agreed to transfer lot number 77 on the levee in Quindaro to Klaus in return for $100 in cash in six months and $1000 worth of mason work, labor, and materials for building in Quindaro. The document outlined various prices for mason work with cut sand stone corners, dust sand stone window and door caps and sills, etc. Gray was to deliver a design for the building before the memorandum was signed but the purpose of the building was not specified.

Keywords: Construction; Gray, Alfred; Klaus, Fredrick; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Stonemasons; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory

Letter, A. Tuttle, Buffalo, New York, to Abelard Guthrie
Author: Tuttle, A.
Date: July 1, 1857

This letter related to an earlier one Tuttle wrote to Alfred Gray. He had made arrangements to purchase land from Guthrie and suggested he get the money from Gray or write to Tuttle directly. Mr. Tuttle expressed his hopes for the development of Quindaro but also his fears if the land falls into the hands of non-resident speculators. He also stated that any association of Mr. S. N. Simpson with the town would injure its prospects.

Keywords: Gray, Alfred; Guthrie, Abelard; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Speculation; Town development; Town site speculation; Tuttle, A.

Letter Press Book, Tom [Thomas Ewing, Jr.] to Dear Father [Thomas Ewing, Sr. ]
Author: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date: July 14, 1857

Writing to his father from Leavenworth, K.T., Thomas Ewing, Jr., described the prospects for "good bargains" in Delaware lands. "Hamp" went to secure 1,000 acres for Ewing, Sr., which they hoped to acquire for $3.00 per acre. Ewing, Jr., addressed additional transactions that he was considering for his father and others.

Keywords: Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Delaware Indians; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Jefferson County, Kansas Territory; Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads

Statement draft, Charles Robinson to the Register and Receiver for the Territory of Kansas
Author: No authors specified.
Date: ca. 1857

In this unsigned draft, Charles Robinson presented the facts surrounding the circumstances of his ownership of a Quarter section of land, which had been contested by William H.R. Lykins, who had placed part of the Wyandotte reservation on the same section of land. Robinson stated that, at the time he came under ownership of the land, he filed the proper papers with the Surveyor General, and that at no time had he quit claim on this particular piece of land.

Keywords: Indian reserves; Land claim disputes; Lykins, William H. R.; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; United States. Surveyor General; Wyandot Float

Letter, R. G. Elliott to Dear Sister
Author: Elliott, Robert G.
Date: February 15, 1858

Robert Elliott, former publisher of the Kansas Free State newspaper, wrote to his sister from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, regarding his financial investments. Elliott told her that he was a person who had had both good and bad fortune and, though he was not immediately wealthy and might have to wait to build a house, he had many shares in town properties that should be worth at least $3000-4000.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Elliott, Robert G.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Real estate investment; Travel

Letter, William Hutchinson to Jacob Collamer
Author: Hutchinson, William , 1823-1904
Date: March 5, 1858

Hutchinson sought assistance from Collamer, a U.S. senator from Vermont, on a plan to speculate in land on the Delaware Indian reservation in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Collamer, Jacob; Delaware Indian lands, Kansas Territory; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Indian lands; Indian reserves; Land speculation; Native Americans; Wyandot Indians

Letter, Charles E. Mix to Hon J. Thompson
Author: Mix, Charles E.
Date: April 4, 1858

Charles E. Mix, Acting Commissioner of U.S. Indian Affairs, wrote to J. Thompson, Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Interior, regarding communication he had received from A.B. Greenwood, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Mix's inquiry had to do with the land reserve set apart for the New York Indians by a treaty of January 1858 and the growing need for land to distribute to new settlers in Kansas Territory.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Greenwood, A. B.; Indian Affairs, Commissioner of; Indian lands; Mix, Charles E.; New York Indian Reserve; Settlement; Thompson, J.; United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: July 6, 1858

Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb, in a lettered identified as being "Unofficial," described his personal investments in town shares and lots in several Kansas Territory locations including Manhattan, Burlington, Topeka, Lawrence, and Quindaro.

Keywords: Conway, Martin Franklin; Land speculation; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Real estate; Speculation; Town lots; Town shares; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, Sherman [W. T.] & Ewing [Thomas] to Thomas A. Thompson
Author: Sherman & Ewing
Date: November 3, 1858

One of the partners addressed this letter regarding the use of military land warrants in the territory to Thomas A. Thompson at Summit Point, Jefferson Co., Virginia. "Sherman & Ewing informed Thompson that such warrants could not be used to acquire land until after the public sale in July 1859, but some advice was offered for the interim.

Keywords: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Land sales; Land speculation; Land titles; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Preemption law United States; Sherman & Ewing; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891; Springfield, Missouri; Squatters; Summit Point, Virginia; Warrants (Law)

Register of Voters. . . Quindaro, Wyandott County
Author: No authors specified.
Date: [August] 1859

George Bodenburgh, clerk, apparently compiled this voter list--"Registry of Voters of the township of Quindaro, Wyandott County, K.T. for the year A.D. 1859"--in the summer of 1859, as he noted at the bottom that he would be at Charles Chadwick's office to receive and record additional registrants on August 18 and 19, 1859. The register contained more than 250 names, with residence (all Quindaro) and occupation (farmers, merchants, laborers, lawyers, etc.).

Keywords: Bodenburgh, George; Chadwick, Charles; Elections; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Skilled workers; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory

Legal document, Survey of Lane and Chapman plots
Author: Searl, Albert D.
Date: January 1860

This document contains a certified survey by A. D. Searl, Deputy Surveyor of Douglas County, of the land plots disputed by James Lane and Gaius Jenkins. In this assessment, taken after the death of Jenkins at the hand of Lane in June 1858, Jenkins' property is shown as belonging to a man Chapman. A. N. Blackledge, clerk for the U.S. District Court, 2nd Judicial district, Douglas County, signed the document as a witness.

Keywords: Blackledge, A.N.; Jenkins, Gaius; Land claim disputes; Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866; Legal documents; Maps; Searl, Albert D.

Letter, Theodore [Hyatt] to Dear Brother [Thaddeus Hyatt]
Author: Hyatt, Theodore
Date: September 4, 1860

This letter was written by Theodore Hyatt of New York to his brother Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. Theodore rather vehemently berated his brother for his business dealings in Kansas--Theodore had negative experiences with investors and was not willing to lay himself on the line again. He also wrote that he "will not invest another dime in that miserable, God-forsaken country" called Kansas Territory. The rest of the letter discusses bank accounts and financial matters, in addition to a brief mention of a horse that Theodore purchased from S.C. Pomeroy.

Keywords: Businessmen; Economic development; Finance; Horses; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Hyatt, Theodore; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Property disputes

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Meeting Minutes, Leavenworth Association
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date:  June 22, 1854
The minutes described a meeting in Weston, Missouri at which Leavenworth Town Association members elected officers. George W. Gist was elected president, H. Miles Moore was elected secretary, and Joseph B. Evans was elected treasurer.

Keywords: Evans, Joseph B.; Gist, George W.; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Weston, Missouri


Meeting Minutes, Leavenworth Association
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date:  July 7, 1854
The Leavenworth Association met "on the tract of the Association's land" in Kansas Territory at the house of G. B. Pauton. The minutes included resolutions requesting the creation of a map showing the specific land claims of each association member and the selection of a town site.

Keywords: Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Squatters; Town companies; Town sites


Meeting Minutes, Leavenworth Association
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date:  July 26, 1854
The Leavenworth Association met "on the tract of the Association's land" in Kansas Territory at the house of G. B. Parton. The minutes included a report listing all the members of the association and described the progress made in clearing land for a town site.

Keywords: Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Minutes; Parton, G. B.; Town companies; Town development; Town sites


Letter, Janett Barringer to Mr. [Henry Miles] Moore
Authors: Barringer, Jarrett
Date:  October 16, 1854
Janett Barringer, writing from Mineral Pointe, Wisconsin, sought to purchase a Leavenworth town lot from Henry Miles Moore, secretary of the Leavenworth Town Association. Barringer proposed to pay fifty dollars for the lot.

Keywords: Barringer, Jarrett; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Wisconsin


Certificate for distribution of Leavenworth town lots
Authors: Leavenworth Association
Date:  October 17, 1854
The certificate, issued to Henry Miles Moore, secretary of the Leavenworth Town Association, detailed the town lots distributed to Moore as a town association shareholder. Moore held four shares in the Leavenworth Association and was entitled to thirty-two town lots.

Keywords: Certificates; Land acquisition; Land speculation; Leavenworth Association; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth Town Company; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Moore, H. Miles (Henry Miles), b. 1826; Town companies; Town lots


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