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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > The Economy > Newspapers
11 Topic Specific Items
Carriers Address to the Patrons of the Kansas Weekly Herald
Author: No authors specified.
Date: January 1, 1855

This Carriers Address to the patrons of the Kansas Weekly Herald was published New Year's Day. It was in the form of a poem reflecting on events in 1854. The Kansas Weekly Herals was published in Leavenworth from 1854-1859.

Keywords: Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Poetry

Shall Kansas be free?
Author: Barker, Stephen
Date: February 7, 1855

Letter written about the Kansas Herald Of Freedom newspaper, and how it supported Kansas' entrance into the Union as a free state. It attempted to persuade other Bostonians to support the newspaper and its work on behalf of the free state cause.

Keywords: Barker, Stephen; Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Newspapers - Free State

Circular, Kansas Tribune Office
Author: Speer & Ross
Date: January 1, 1856

This circular is an advertisement for the Kansas Tribune, a newspaper that was published in Topeka, Kansas Territory. The "sole and entire object has been the promotion of the Freedom of Kansas." The circular was inviting support from beyond Kansas and listed several reasons why such support was necessary. The publishers were apparently Speer and Ross of Topeka, Kansas. The subscription prices were listed for individuals as well as reduced prices for clubs.

Keywords: Advertisements; Community life; Free state support; Newspapers; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Speer & Ross; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Letter, Oscar Dayton to O. [Orville] C. Brown
Author: Dayton, Oscar
Date: February 9, 1857

This letter, written by Oscar Dayton from the Banking Office of Dayton and Co., Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, was addressed to Orville C. Brown, a founder of Osawatomie. The main subject of the letter was a printing press and other pertinent materials that were available to the residents of Osawatomie, if they in turn paid Dayton's debts and granted him deeds for town lots in Osawatomie. That was Dayton's preferred method of payment. Furthermore, Dayton informed Brown that there were other men who were interested in purchasing the printing press, so he needed a speedy reply to this letter. It concluded with personal regards to Mr. Brown's family.

Keywords: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904; Dayton, Oscar; Debt; Mt. Pleasant, Iowa; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Printing; Town lots

Bills Received and Paid, Kansas Central Committee to Ross Brothers, Kansas Tribune
Author: Ross, Edmund G.; Ross, William Wallace
Date: July 12, 1857

The Ross Brothers, Edmund G. and William W., editors of the Kansas Tribune, Topeka, marked this bill for $5.50 to the "Kansas Central Committee" paid. It was for "250 1/8 Posters (July convention).

Keywords: Blood, James; Kansas Central Committee; Kansas State Central Committee; Newspapers; Political conventions; Ross, Edmund G. (Edmund Gibson), 1826-1907; Ross, William Wallace, 1828-1889

Prospectus of the "White Cloud Chief."
Author: Miller, Solomon
Date: Spring 1857

Born at Lafayette, Indiana, on January 22, 1831, and raised in Ohio, Sol Miller "indentured" in the Germantown Gazette office in Germantown, Ohio, and in 1854 purchased half interest in that newspaper. Three years later he removed to White Cloud, Doniphan County and published the first issue of the White Cloud Kansas Chief on June 4, 1857. This printed "Prospectus" is signed by at least twenty "subscribers" who proposed "to commence the publication of paper bearing the above title [White Cloud Chief], early in the Spring of 1857" and describes the nature of the size, scope, etc., of the proposed newspaper to be edited and published by Miller.

Keywords: Doniphan County, Kansas Territory; Kansas Chief; Miller, Solomon (Sol); Newspaper publishing; Newspapers; Newspapers - Free State; White Cloud, Kansas Territory

Statement related to the Quindaro Town Company
Author: Robinson, Charles
Date: November 22, 1858

Charles Robinson gave his consent as an individual member of the Quindaro Town Company that the Board of Trade could use the town company's printing press and type free of charge if they agreed to publish the Quindaro Chindowan on a weekly basis for three months beginning in December, 1858. The document also included Robinson's consent to pay Mrs. Nichols the $125 due her.

Keywords: Newspapers; Nichols, Clarina Irene Howard, 1810-1885; Quindaro Chindowan; Quindaro Town Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Town development; Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory

Photograph, Neosho Valley Register, Burlington, Kansas Territory
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1859

A view of the Neosho Valley Register office, Burlington, Kansas Territory, 1859.

Keywords: Ambrotypes; Burlington, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Horses; Neosho Valley Register; Newspaper buildings; Newspapers; Photographs and Illustrations

Letter, A. [Albert] G. Boone to Col. Thos. N. Stinson
Author: Boone, Albert G.
Date: January 16, 1860

Albert G. Boone, writing from Westport, Missouri, to Thomas N. Stinson, described his unsuccessful efforts to sell a printing press for Stinson. Boone suggested that Stinson contact "Free Statemen" with whom he was on good terms to see if they could help him sell it. Boone added a postscript to the letter asking about the prospects of a treaty with the Pottawatomie.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Boone, Albert G.; Business; Commerce; Indian treaties; Native Americans; Newspaper presses; Pottawatomi Indians; Stinson, Thomas N.

Photograph, Robert McBratney
Author: Colville, Photographer
Date:

Robert McBratney was a native of Ohio who moved to Kansas Territory in 1857. He originally settled in Atchison and owned half of the Squatter Sovereign. The other half was owned by Samuel Pomeroy and Thaddeus Hyatt and under their ownership it became a free state newspaper. He was involved in railroad development in Kansas Territory. In 1861, he moved to Junction City where he had been named register of the land office.

Keywords: Atchison County, Kansas Territory; Atchison, Kansas Territory; McBratney, Robert; Newspapers; Newspapers - Free State; Photographs and Illustrations; Squatter Sovereign

Photograph, Josiah Miller
Author: No authors specified.
Date:

Although born in South Carolina, Josiah Miller was a free state supporter. He attended college in Indiana and law school in New York. He came to Kansas in 1854 and on January 5, 1855, established the Kansas Free State newspaper in Lawrence. The newspaper office was destroyed by order of the territorial government on May 21, 1856 because is was deemed a nuisance. He was capturned by Buford's proslavery forces and was tried for treason against the state of South Carolina. He supported John C. Fremont. In 1857, he was elected probate judge of Douglas County, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Courts; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state supporters; Journalists; Judges; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Newspaper publishing; Photographs and Illustrations

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Letter, C. Robinson to A. A. Lawrence Esq.
Authors: Robinson, Charles
Date:  December 18, 1854
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson thanked Lawrence for his unfailing support of the enterprise of the Territory and claimed his devotion to work done in his interest. He discussed Lawrence's development, having secured the offices of three free state newspapers, but expressed anxiety about the upcoming territorial election. However, Robinson vowed that his men would not resort to fraudulent voting to win the majority over proslavery supporters.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Business enterprises; Election fraud; Elections; Elliott, Robert G.; Lawrence buildings; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Miller, Josiah; Newspapers; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sawmills; Speer, John, 1817-1906; Town development


Carriers Address to the Patrons of the Kansas Weekly Herald
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  January 1, 1855
This Carriers Address to the patrons of the Kansas Weekly Herald was published New Year's Day. It was in the form of a poem reflecting on events in 1854. The Kansas Weekly Herals was published in Leavenworth from 1854-1859.

Keywords: Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Newspapers; Poetry


Shall Kansas be free?
Authors: Barker, Stephen
Date:  February 7, 1855
Letter written about the Kansas Herald Of Freedom newspaper, and how it supported Kansas' entrance into the Union as a free state. It attempted to persuade other Bostonians to support the newspaper and its work on behalf of the free state cause.

Keywords: Barker, Stephen; Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Newspapers - Free State


Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Revd. Edw. E. Hale
Authors: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date:  February 25, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing from Boston to Edward Everett Hale, a Worcester, Massachusetts resident, expressed concern about the manner in which Worcester leaders in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company were doing business. Specifically, Lawrence was upset about Hale's and Eli Thayer's use of Emigrant Aid Company funds to make a loan to George Washington Brown, the editor of the Herald of Freedom.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Worcester, Massachusetts


Letter, John Halderman to Messrs [Josiah] Miller and [Robert G.] Elliot
Authors: Halderman, John Adams
Date:   April 6, 1855
John Halderman, Governor Reeder's private secretary, wrote from Shawnee Mission to Josiah Miller, editor of the Kansas Free State newspaper, and to his business partner, Robert G Elliott, requesting that they print Reeder's proclamations from the recent convention of the territorial legislature.

Keywords: Elections; Elliott, Robert G.; Halderman, John Adams; Herald of Freedom; Kansas Territory. Legislature; Miller, Josiah; Newspapers; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Shawnee Mission


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