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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > Emigrant Aid Organizations > Other organizations
18 Topic Specific Items
Circular of the American Settlement Company, Great Kanzas Enterprise
Author: American Settlement Company

This brochure encouraged the settlement of Council City (Burlingame). It included constitution, descriptions of climate and soil, and testimonials from the company's representative in Kansas.

Keywords: American Settlement Company; Burlingame, Kansas Territory; Circulars; Council City, Kansas Territory; Dwight, Theodore; Emigration and immigration; Homestead law; Missionaries; New York League; Osage County, Kansas Territory; Santa Fe road; School lands; Settlement; Walter, George; Winchell, J. M.

Constitution and Bylaws
Author: Union Emigration Society
Date: May 29, 1854

This document was the Constitution and bylaws of the Union Emigration Society. It included the purpose of the society and information about how to become a member of the organization.

Keywords: Antislavery; Emigrant aid companies; Goodrich, J. Z.; Kansas Nebraska Act; Union Emigration Society; Washington, D.C.

Letter, J. Z. Goodrich to Dear Sir
Author: Goodrich, J. Z.
Date: June 29, 1854

This printed letter, on letterhead from the House of Representatives in Washington, D. C., was written by John Zacheus Goodrich, a representative from Massachusetts. He informed the recipient that members of Congress and regular citizens of the city had formed the Union Emigration Society--these citizens opposed both the repeal of the Missouri Compromise and the opening of the territories to slavery. It included details about the Missouri Compromise, the designs of Slave Power, and stated that "our watchword is Constitutional Freedom everywhere within the jurisdiction of the United States."

Keywords: Antislavery; Antislavery movements; Antislavery perspective; Goodrich, J. Z.; Kansas Nebraska Act; Kansas question; Missouri compromise; Nebraska Territory; Sectionalism (United States); Slave power; Slavery; United States. Congress. House

Letter, A. Oestreicher To Mr. Eli Thayer
Author: Oestreicher, A.
Date: September 23, 1854

Oestreicher, writing from Cincinnati, Ohio, informed Thayer of the establishment of a Kansas Actual Settler's Association in that city. He indicated that the association, which was comprised primarily of German-Americans, planned to create a settlement in Kansas in the spring of 1855.

Keywords: Antislavery; Cincinnati, Ohio; Free state supporters; Germans; Kansas Actual Settler's Association; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Oestreicher, A.; Ohio; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899

Report of the Committee of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Author: Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Date: 1854

This report, issued by the founders of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company, devotes itself in part to communicating the objectives and mission of the Company, which primarily was to protect persons emigrating West from scams and other "knavery". The report also includes a few journal-style entries by Charles Robinson regarding his experiences in Nebraska and Kansas in 1849. Following Robinson's accounts are various excerpted newspaper articles and letters endorsing the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Bullock, Alexander H.; Business enterprises; Clapp, Otis; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Kansas Territory; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Nebraska Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Wade, Edward

Stock Share Certificates, Susquehanna Emigration Company
Author: Susquehanna Western Emigration Company
Date: January 20, 1855

These certificates for one and two shares in the Susquehanna [Western] Emigration Company entitled the bearers to one-half acre of land per share in the new township, which was to be settled by the Company, in Kansas Territory. Both certificates bear the signature of John Bayless, President of the Susquehanna Emigration Company.

Keywords: Bayless, John; Clark, James; Clark, Jonette; Emigrant aid companies; Susquehanna Western Emigration Company; Town companies; Town shares

Freedom's Struggle in Kansas
Author: Snodgrass, J. E.
Date: February 26, 1855

This printed circuletter is addressed "to the Friends of Freedom." In it, J. E. Snodgrass expressed his antislavery sentiments and claimed he knew about slavery first hand as he had been born in the South. He also promoted the activities of the New York Kansas League which he described as a "philanthrophic association" to aid emigration to Kansas. The document also discussed the American Settlement Company which was a "joint stock association" that promoted the settlement of free state supporters at Council City, Kansas Territory (later Burlingame). He closed with antislavery statements and offered to give free lectures on the topic. He was located in New York City at the time the document was printed.

Keywords: American Settlement Company; Antislavery movements; Antislavery perspective; Burlingame, Kansas Territory; Council City, Kansas Territory; Free state settlers; Free state support; Free state supporters; New York; New York League; Osage County, Kansas Territory; Snodgrass, J. E.; Town development

History of Kanzas, also, Information Regarding Routes, Laws, etc.
Author: Walter, George
Date: 1855

This history was written by George Walter, agent for the New York Kanzas League. The purpose of the League was to assist individuals and families to emigrate to Kansas and help provides reduced prices and other assistance. The office of the New York Kanzas League was located on the 3rd floor of No. 110 Broadway, New York City. Walter provided the information he thought emigrants to Kansas would need including descriptions of the situation in the territory, its climate, soil, rivers, and native products. He also gave information about industry in Kansas Territory, particularly the milling industry. He provided information on routes and supplies needed as well as a copy of the reemption law. The text of the Bill to organize the territories of Kansas and Nebraska was included on pages 24 through 48 of the pamphlet.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Free state cause; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Nebraska Act; Land acquisition; Landscape; New York; Preemption law United States; Settlement

Letter, I. L. Wilde to C. P. Williams
Author: Wilde, Isaac L.
Date: May 12, 1856

Isaac L. Wilde, writing from New York City, described to C. P. Williams, chairman of the New York State Kansas Committee, the difficulties he was experiencing in recruiting individuals to emigrate to Kansas.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Migration, internal; New York State Kansas Committee; New York, New York; Wilde, Isaac L.; Williams, C. P.

Expense Account, Martin Stowell to Worcester Committee
Author: Stowell, Martin
Date: June 25, 1856 - November 28, 1856

This expense sheet, along with the attached memorandum, was written by Martin Stowell for the Worcester Committee in Massachusetts. Stowell had been functioning as the head of an emigrant company originating out of Massachusetts. The sheet provided a detailed listing of the cash he received as well as the cash he expended. His purchases included various foodstuffs, carpentry tools, cooking and eating utensils, and medicine. He also used some of his money to pay for repairs on wagons, etc. The attached memorandum was addressed to "Dear H" (Thomas Wentworth Higginson). It provided further explanation of the account sheet and gave news from the Massachusetts party.

Keywords: Clothing and dress; Finance; Financial statements; Food; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Stowell, Martin; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas; Worcester, Massachusetts

To the friends of free Kansas
Author: Kansas Central Committee of Iowa
Date: July 4, 1856

The Kansas Central Committee of Iowa suggested a different overland route to Kansas, recommending that emigrants travel through Iowa instead of Missouri. Also the committee wanted men from the west to come to Kansas instead of eastern men, since travel from back East would be too expensive.

Keywords: Antislavery; Clark, W. Penn; Downey, H. D.; Emigration and immigration; Hobart, C. W.; Immigration and early settlement; Iowa; Iowa City, Iowa; Kansas Central Committee of Iowa; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864; Settlement; Topeka, Kansas

Boston Kansas Club No. 1
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1857

Information about a club formed in New England that for a short period of time encouraged emigration to Kansas during the spring of 1857.

Keywords: Boston Kansas Club; Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Immigration and early settlement; Kansas Frontier; Travel

Notices, New England Kansas Relief Committee
Author: Collamore, George W.
Date: 1861

These two written notices informed the recipient that their seed corn and potatoes were distributed by the New England Kansas Relief Committee. It also instructed the people to use the corn and potatoes wisely and to report harvest yield to distribution agent. The notices were signed by George Collamore, agent for this committee.

Keywords: Collamore, George W.; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Food; Kansas Relief Committee; Vegetables

Draft, Constitution of the Susquehanna Western Emigration Company
Author: Bayless, John ; Susquehanna Western Emigration Company
Date: December 7, 1854

This handwritten document drafted the Constitution of the Susquehanna Western Emigration Company. The Constitution specifically lists the New York counties of Broome, Chinango, Otsego, and Delaware, naming only citizens in and around them as eligible for aid from the Company. "Susquehanna" refers to the Susquehanna River, whose headwaters begin in upstate New York and empty into the Chesapeake Bay.

Keywords: Bayless, John; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; New York; Susquehanna Western Emigration Company

Minutes, Founding of the Susequanna Western Emigrant Company
Author: No authors specified.
Date: December 7, 1854

This document outlines items which were discussed during a meeting called to form an "emigration company", which would come to be known as the Susquehanna Western Emigration Company. General John Bayless, future president of the organization, acted as chair of the meeting which took place in Kirkwood, New York. These minutes laid the foundation for the newly-formed group's Constitution.

Keywords: Bayless, John; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; New York; Susquehanna Western Emigration Company

Photograph, Thomas Wentworth Higginson
Author: Notman Photo Co.

Thomas Wentworth Higginson was an ardent Northern abolitionist. He also served as an agent for the Massachusetts Kansas Aid Committee, procuring rifles, powder, cartridges and other materials for free state settlers in Kansas. He was from Worcester, Massachusetts, but he made a trip to Kansas in 1856.

Keywords: Abolitionists; Free state supporters; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Massachusetts; Photographs and Illustrations

Photograph, Willaim Hutchinson
Author: Clinedinst Photography

William Hutchinson served as secretary of the Kansas Central Committee and assisted with efforts to send emigrant parties and relief to Kansas Territory. He settled in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. He served as a delegate to the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state supporters; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Kansas Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations

Constitution of the Susquehanna Western Emigration Company
Author: Bayless, John ; Susquehanna Western Emigration Company
Date: December 7, 1854

This printed version of the Constitution of the Susquehanna Western Emigration Company introduced the Company to the public, specifically individuals in and near the counties of Broome, Chenango, Delaware, and Otsego in New York State, who were eligible for assistance from the Company. The Constitution also mentioned the desire of the Company to settle a "corporate town" that would "secure all the commercial, social, and religious privileges of the old States". Citizens of said township would also be required to support temperance and freedom.

Keywords: Bayless, John; Doolittle, William; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; New York; Susquehanna Western Emigration Company; Town companies

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Advertisement, Kansas Land Trust Co.
Authors: Kansas Land Trust Company
Date:  Undated
This advertisement, presumably created by the Kansas Land Trust Company, lists thirty main points about Kansas Territory, including the advantages of settling in Kansas and general statistics about the territory. It also mentions the town of Quindaro and its growing influence in the area along the Kansas River. For those interested in obtaining tickets, the advertisement furnished the address of the New England Emigrant Aid Society. The bottom of the flyer provided the names of the officers that were involved in the company and their contact information.

Keywords: Advertisements; Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Kansas Land Trust Company; Land; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Skilled workers; Walker, Joel

An act to incorporate the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts House of Representatives
Date:  April 13, 1854
This document was written by the Massachusetts House of Representatives, declaring that the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was an official company in the state of Massachusetts. It also described the purpose of the company and listed the men involved in running the company. This company was the predecessor to the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which was founded in March 1855.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875

List of Subscriptions to Stock of the Massachusetts and New England Emigrant Aid Companies
Authors: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date:  May 1854 - June 1855
This volume includes lists of subscribers to shares of stock in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company and the New England Emigrant Aid Company. The reports list the name of the subscriber, place of residence, number of shares, total value of shares, and when the subscriber paid for the shares. Subscribers included Amos A. Lawrence, Eli Thayer, Charles Francis Adams, Moses Kimball, and Charles Robinson. The volume also includes a list of donors to the company.

Keywords: Adams, Charles Francis, 1807-1886; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Kimball, Moses, 1809-1895; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899

Circular, Worcester County [Massachusetts] Kansas League
Authors: Worcester County Kansas League
Date:  July 11, 1854
This printed circular, issued by the Worcester County Kansas League, advertises the establishment and growth of the "Emigrant Aid Company." It further explains their role in assisting New Englanders to emigrate to the Kansas Territory. Included are the Constitution and By-laws of the Worcester County Kansas League.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Circulars; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Williams, John M. S.; Worcester County Kansas League

Letter, New York Kansas League to the Public
Authors: Lockwood, Roe (Pres. NY Kansas League)
Date:  September 20, 1854
This letter, written by the New York Kansas League, was addressed to the public. The New York Kansas League encouraged people to emigrate to Kansas Territory, pledging to support anyone who decided to go to Kansas. It also gave details about the league and how to join. In addition, the letter discussed the problems of slavery.

Keywords: Antislavery; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Hyatt, Thaddeus; Kansas Frontier; Lockwood, Roe; New York League; Slavery

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