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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > Emigrant Aid Organizations > New York State Kansas Committee
9 Topic Specific Items
Pamphlet, History of Kanzas
Author: Walker, George
Date: 1855

The full title of George Walker's pamphlet is "History of Kanzas, also, Information Regarding Routes, Laws, etc, etc". Walker, an Agent and Master of Emigration for the New York Kanzas League, included what he saw as "all the information required by an emigrant to Kanzas; so far, at least, as relates to the situation of the Territory". He also included advice when traveling through slave states, suggesting that "the emigrant should avoid all unnecessary allusion to slavery."

Keywords: Economic development; Free state perspective; Kansas Territory; Landscape; Legal documents; Livestock; Natural resources; Roads; Slavery; Squatter sovereignty; Timber; Transportation; Travel; Travel literature; Walker, George

Letter, G. W. Deitzler to Bradford R. Wood
Author: Deitzler, George W.
Date: April 7, 1856

Deitzler, writing from Lawrence, offered recommendations to Wood, a New York State Kansas Committee representative, on the best emigration route to Kansas. Deitzler suggested that New York emigrants consider settling on Shawnee Reserve land in Kansas as soon as it was opened to settlement. He also requested monetary aid from the New York State Kansas Committee for free state settlers already in Kansas.

Keywords: Deitzler, George W.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigration and immigration; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Migration, internal; New York State Kansas Committee; Shawnee Indian Reserve; Wood, Bradford R.

Announcing start of a company for Kansas in 1856
Author: Wood, Bradford R.
Date: April 18, 1856

This printed letter, written by Bradford R. Wood, concerned the departure of another party to Kansas and information on how to join. It also announced that the Shawnee Reserve in Kansas would be opened for settlement.

Keywords: Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Emigration and immigration; Immigration and early settlement; McGowan, M.; New York State Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Shawnee Indian Reserve; Van Dyck, H. H.; Williams, C. P.; Wood, Bradford R.

Letter, Nelson Rusk to Mr. [William] Barnes
Author: Rusk, Nelson
Date: April 26, 1856

Nelson Rusk, writing from Kansas City, Missouri, described for William Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee, some of the difficulties he experienced during his journey to Kansas with a party of settlers from New York. Rusk also offered his opinion that the New York party would fail in its effort to establish a cohesive colony in Kansas due to ineffective leadership and selfishness among the settlers.

Keywords: Albany Colony; Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Emigration and immigration; Kansas City, Missouri; Migration, internal; New York State Kansas Committee; Rusk, Nelson

Record of Immigrants for Kansas
Author: No authors specified.
Date: May 16, 1856

Brief biographical and character sketches of eight families who joined the second party of Kansas emigrants sponsored by the New York State Kansas Committee.

Keywords: Beach, Charles; Cunningham, William; Emigration and immigration; Green, Louise; Griswold, Daniel; Hawley, John H.; Hebbard, Russell; Migration, internal; New York State Kansas Committee; Page, John; Spaulding, Silas W.; Syracuse, New York; Wilbur, George W.

Circular, Ho! For Kansas!!
Author: Wood, Bradford R.
Date: May 20, 1856

This circular by the New York State Kansas Committee announced the departure of another party to Kansas and described how the emigrants would be traveling to Kansas. It also provided information about how to join the party.

Keywords: Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Circulars; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Immigration and early settlement; Kansas Frontier; McGowan, M.; New York State Kansas Committee; Railroad companies; St. Louis, Missouri; Steamboats; Travel literature; Wood, Bradford R.

Letter, Eli Thayer to Mr. [William] Barnes
Author: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: June 20, 1856

Eli Thayer, writing from Worcester, Massachusetts to William Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee, offered recommendations on how to organize a national Kansas aid organization.

Keywords: Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Free state support; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New York State Kansas Committee; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Worcester, Massachusetts

Promotional letter
Author: Barnes, William , 1824-1913
Date: September 29, 1856

This letter, written by William Barnes, stated reasons for free state settlement in Kansas Territory. It included inflammatory language about proslavery settlers.

Keywords: Antislavery; Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Emigration and immigration; Free state; Immigration and early settlement; Kansas Frontier; New York State Kansas Committee; Settlement; Williams, C. P.

Letter, A. Havington Shurtleff
Author: Shurtleff, A. Havington
Date: 1857

This printed letter was written by A. Havington Shurtleff about traveling to Kansas Territory. He provided information about the committee's plans to sponsor emigrant companies and wrote twenty points about the group's travel to Kansas.

Keywords: Council Grove, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Immigration and early settlement; Land tenure; New York State Kansas Committee; Shurtleff, A. Havington

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Letter, Wm. Hutchinson to A. H. Shurtleff
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  ca. 1856
William Hutchinson, secretary of the Kansas Central Committee, wrote from Lawrence to A. Havington Shurtleff, agent for the New York State Kansas Committee. Hutchinson was responding to Shutleff's request for an assessment of the efforts to send emigrant parties and relief to Kansas Territory. Overall, Hutchinson offered a fairly negative view of the efforts of the eastern emigrant aid societies to send relief and emigrants to the territory.

Keywords: Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hutchinson, William, 1823-1904; Kansas State Central Committee; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Migration, internal; New York State Kansas Committee; Relief; Shurtleff, A. Havington


Letter, Platt Potter to C. P. Williams, H. H. Van Dyck, B. R. Wood, Deodalus Wright
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  March 12, 1856
Potter, writing from Schenectedy, New York, expressed his antislavery opinions to members of the New York State Kansas Committee. He was critical of the Franklin Pierce administration's handling of the Kansas issue. Potter believed that antislavery settlers in Kansas should defend themselves against proslavery violence in Kansas.

Keywords: Antislavery perspective; New York State Kansas Committee; Potter, Platt; Schenectedy, New York; Sharps rifles


Letter, G. W. Deitzler to Bradford R. Wood
Authors: Deitzler, George W.
Date:  April 7, 1856
Deitzler, writing from Lawrence, offered recommendations to Wood, a New York State Kansas Committee representative, on the best emigration route to Kansas. Deitzler suggested that New York emigrants consider settling on Shawnee Reserve land in Kansas as soon as it was opened to settlement. He also requested monetary aid from the New York State Kansas Committee for free state settlers already in Kansas.

Keywords: Deitzler, George W.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigration and immigration; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Migration, internal; New York State Kansas Committee; Shawnee Indian Reserve; Wood, Bradford R.


Announcing start of a company for Kansas in 1856
Authors: Wood, Bradford R.
Date:  April 18, 1856
This printed letter, written by Bradford R. Wood, concerned the departure of another party to Kansas and information on how to join. It also announced that the Shawnee Reserve in Kansas would be opened for settlement.

Keywords: Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Emigration and immigration; Immigration and early settlement; McGowan, M.; New York State Kansas Committee; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Shawnee Indian Reserve; Van Dyck, H. H.; Williams, C. P.; Wood, Bradford R.


Letter, Nelson Rusk to Mr. [William] Barnes
Authors: Rusk, Nelson
Date:  April 26, 1856
Nelson Rusk, writing from Kansas City, Missouri, described for William Barnes, secretary of the New York State Kansas Committee, some of the difficulties he experienced during his journey to Kansas with a party of settlers from New York. Rusk also offered his opinion that the New York party would fail in its effort to establish a cohesive colony in Kansas due to ineffective leadership and selfishness among the settlers.

Keywords: Albany Colony; Barnes, William, 1824-1913; Emigration and immigration; Kansas City, Missouri; Migration, internal; New York State Kansas Committee; Rusk, Nelson


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