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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > Emigrant Aid Organizations > New England Emigrant Aid Company
67 Topic Specific Items
Letter, Alden G. Tucker to Mr. [Edward Everett] Hale
Author: Tucker, Alden G.
Date: January 20, 1854

Tucker, a twenty-three year old printer writing from Taunton, Massachusetts, to Edward Everett Hale, volunteered to go to Kansas as part of the "Emigration Association" about which he had heard rumors. Hale later became a leader of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company that was chartered in April 1854.

Keywords: Antislavery; Emigrant aid companies; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Tucker, Alden G.

An act to incorporate the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Author: Massachusetts House of Representatives
Date: April 13, 1854

This document was written by the Massachusetts House of Representatives, declaring that the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was an official company in the state of Massachusetts. It also described the purpose of the company and listed the men involved in running the company. This company was the predecessor to the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which was founded in March 1855.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875

An Act to Incorporate the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Author: Massachusetts. General Court
Date: April 26, 1854

The act of the Massachusetts legislature authorizing the creation of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company, the predecessor to the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts. General Court; New England Emigrant Aid Company

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Eli Thayer
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: May 26, 1854

Webb, writing from Boston, Massachusetts, was the secretary of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. He informed Eli Thayer, the organizer of the company, of his concerns about fund raising efforts among the Massachusetts business elite.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

List of Subscriptions to Stock of the Massachusetts and New England Emigrant Aid Companies
Author: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: May 1854 - June 1855

This volume includes lists of subscribers to shares of stock in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company and the New England Emigrant Aid Company. The reports list the name of the subscriber, place of residence, number of shares, total value of shares, and when the subscriber paid for the shares. Subscribers included Amos A. Lawrence, Eli Thayer, Charles Francis Adams, Moses Kimball, and Charles Robinson. The volume also includes a list of donors to the company.

Keywords: Adams, Charles Francis, 1807-1886; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Kimball, Moses, 1809-1895; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899

Photograph, Members of the first party from the New England Emigrant Aid Company to go to Lawrence, Kansas in 1854
Author: No authors specified.
Date: ca. 1854

Portrait of four men, all members of the first party going to Lawrence, Kansas. The party left Boston, Massachusetts on July 17, 1854, and joined with Charles Robinson in St. Louis before arriving in Lawrence.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Fuller, Ferdinand; Goss, George W.; Harrington, Dr. S.C.; Massachusetts; Morgan, J.F.; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographers; Settlement

Mass. Emigrant Aid Co. [Plan of Operation]
Author: Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Date: c. 1854

An unidentified author outlined the purpose, benefits, and plan of operation of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. The author described the benefits to the emigrants, the country, and the company and listed a six phase plan of operation.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company

Charter, Officers, and Objects of the Company
Author: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: c. 1855

This charter of the New England Emigrant Aid Company lists officers, directors, members of the executive committee and information about the stock of the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Branscomb, Charles H.; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.

Expense Account, C. H. Branscomb to N. E. Emigrant Aid Co.
Author: Branscomb, Charles H.
Date: January 1, 1855 - May 1, 1856

A typical expense report submitted by Charles H. Branscomb, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory, detailing his expenditures for 1855 and part of 1856. Among the expenses Branscomb listed were travel, postage, paper, and telegraph costs.

Keywords: Account books; Branscomb, Charles H.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Finance; Financial statements; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Postal service

An Act to Incorporate the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Author: Massachusetts. General Court
Date: February 21, 1855

The act of the Massachusetts legislature authorizing the creation of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, the successor to the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts. General Court; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Revd. Edw. E. Hale
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 25, 1855

Amos Lawrence, writing from Boston to Edward Everett Hale, a Worcester, Massachusetts resident, expressed concern about the manner in which Worcester leaders in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company were doing business. Specifically, Lawrence was upset about Hale's and Eli Thayer's use of Emigrant Aid Company funds to make a loan to George Washington Brown, the editor of the Herald of Freedom.

Keywords: Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Herald of Freedom; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Worcester, Massachusetts

Letter, Eli Thayer to Dr. [Thomas H.] Webb
Author: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: March 3, 1855

Eli Thayer, writing from Worcester, Massachusetts to Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, expressed his positive impression of the emigrant aid company founded in Connecticut. He also expressed his distrust of the American Settlement Company and the New York League, two other emigrant aid organizations.

Keywords: American Settlement Company; Connecticut Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New York League; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Minutes, New England Emigrant Aid Company Annual Meetings
Author: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: March 5, 1855 - May 29, 1860

Proceedings of the New England Emigrant Aid Company stockholders meetings. The meetings typically involved the election of officers, a treasurer's report, consideration of resolutions, and an assessment of the company's prospects in Kansas. The minutes for the first meeting of the New England Emigrant Aid Company (March 5, 1855) included the corporation by-laws.

Keywords: Antislavery movements; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Higginson, Charles J.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Minutes; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.

Letter, Thomas Webb to Samuel Pomeroy
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: March 6, 1855

Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote a letter of introduction for Isaac Goodnow to Samuel Pomeroy, seeking protection for Goodnow and his traveling party when they would arrive in Kansas Territory. Webb justified the request to Pomeroy, proclaiming that "Mr. G is with us in heart and hand. . .and will battle manfully for Liberty."

Keywords: Free state supporters; Goodnow, Isaac T., 1814-1894; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, Wm. D. Haley to Bro. [Edward Everett] Hale
Author: Haley, William D.
Date: March 9, 1855

William D. Haley, writing from Alton, Illinois to Edward Everett Hale, expressed his concern about the lack of Western travel experience possessed by New England Emigrant Aid Company agents. Haley informed Hale that the company agents were "green as grass" with the result being emigrants getting overcharged for travel expenses.

Keywords: Alton, Illinois; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Haley, William D.; Illinois; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Steamboats

List of passengers for Kansas composing the first party 1855 under charge of Dr. Charles Robinson
Author: No authors specified.
Date: March 13, 1855

This list contained the name of the head of the family and may also include occupations, ages, familial relationships and a location for each individual or family group that was a member of the March 13, 1855 party. The list also indicated the amount of payment made.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Free state settlers; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894

List of persons composing the second regular party sent out by the New England Aid Company
Author: Unknown
Date: March 20, 1855

A listing of the names, residence, and former occupation of the members of the second party sent by the New England Emigrant Aid Company to Kansas Territory. They were under the charge of J. L. Farwell of Fitchburg, Massachusetts.

Keywords: New England Emigrant Aid Company

Education, temperance, freedom, religion in Kanzas
Author: Beecher, Lyman , 1775-1863
Date: July 2, 1855

This letter, written by Lyman Beecher, encouraged clergymen to become life members in New England Emigrant Aid Society and to make statements about the four topics of freedom, education, temperance, and religion, as mentioned in the title. He also asked for investments in the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Antislavery; Baptists; Beecher, Lyman, 1775-1863; Catholic Church Missions; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Lecompton, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Letter, C. [Charles] Robinson to Mr. [Eli] Thayer
Author: Branscomb, Charles H.; Robinson, Charles
Date: July 26, 1855

Charles Robinson, free state leader and activist, wrote to Eli Thayer, organizer of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, introducing James Abbott to him. Robinson described Abbott as trustworthy and "true as steel to the cause of Freedom in Kansas". He also expressed to Thayer that the rifles previously shipped to Lawrence had had a "very good effect", and suggested he procure more. At the end of Robinson's letter, Charles Branscomb, Secretary pro tempore of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, endorsed Robinson, an agent for the Company, and his support of Abbott.

Keywords: Abbott, James Burnett; Branscomb, Charles H.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state cause; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sharps rifles

To the citizens of Missouri
Author: Brown, John Carter, 1797-1874
Date: September 1855

This letter was written by the directors of New England Emigrant Aid Company responding to various charges made against them by the citizens of Missouri.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Brown, John Carter; Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Emigration and immigration; Kansas Nebraska Act; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Missourians; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.

Letter, Rebecca Wakefield to Sir
Author: Wakefield, Rebecca
Date: September 15, 1855

Rebecca Wakefield, writing from Milan, Ohio to the New England Emigrant Aid Company, stated that her husband had settled in Kansas in May 1855 but had gotten sick and was now unable to pay for her and her three children to join him. She sought assistance from the emigrant aid company to finance her trip to Kansas.

Keywords: Children; Emigration and immigration; Milan, Ohio; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Ohio; Poor; Poverty; Wakefield, Rebecca; Women

Letter, A. A. Lawrence to Mr. [Charles H.] Branscomb
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: September 22, 1855

Amos Lawrence, writing to Charles H. Branscomb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, expressed his concern about the growing debts of the Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Debt; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company

Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Mr. [Charles H.] Branscomb
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: September 26, 1855

Amos Lawrence, writing from Boston, Massachusetts to Charles H. Branscomb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, submitted his resignation as treasurer of the Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company

Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Doctor [Samuel Cabot]
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 9, 1855

Amos Lawrence, writing to Dr. Samuel Cabot, complained that Eli Thayer was not doing enough in support of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. Lawrence commented that he had personally invested $13,000 in the company during the previous year and declared that it was time to "hold up" on future contributions.

Keywords: Cabot, Samuel; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899

Letter, S. C. [Samuel Clarke] Pomeroy to Sir
Author: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: October 10, 1855

Pomeroy, writing from Kansas City, informed a New England Emigrant Aid Company representative that he had drawn on Mr. L. (probably Amos Lawrence) for $1000 and Mr. Haskins for $300 to pay for construction work on mills and hotels in Kansas Territory. Pomeroy emphasized that he would reduce spending after completion of the mills and hotels.

Keywords: Construction; Economic development; Hotels; Kansas City, Missouri; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891

Letter, Amos A. Lawrence to Mr. [Charles H.] Branscomb
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 19, 1855

Amos Lawrence requested that Charles H. Branscomb, who was acting as secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, arrange for the appointment of his (Lawrence's) successor as company treasurer. Lawrence indicated that recently he had paid a $2000 company bill out of personal funds and would not take such action again.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company

Ledger Sheet, Eli Thayer, Worcester, Mass. to the N. E. Em. Aid Co.
Author: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: November 30, 1855 - May 6, 1857

This general ledger sheet detailed Eli Thayer's receipts and disbursements in his work on behalf of the New England Emigrant Aid Company between November 30, 1855 and May 6, 1857.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Financial statements; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899

Circular, New England Emigrant Aid Company
Author: Beecher, Lyman , 1775-1863
Date: c. 1855

This letter was written by Lyman Beecher to leaders of regional churches in the Boston area (such as deacons, wardens, vestries, etc.). The focus was on getting churches to buy stock in the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Beecher, Lyman, 1775-1863; Boston, Massachusetts; Churches; Circulars; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates

Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1855
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1855

Thomas Webb compiled the information in this circular not to "entice people to go to the Kanzas", but rather to "collect the best and most reliable information relative to the Territory, and furnish the same to those desiring it." The circular provides details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas: when and how it should be done, and what provisions to take, for example. It also includes information about subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, to name a few.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Circulars; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Timber; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Circular, Informational Letter regarding Emigration to Kansas
Author: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909
Date: 1855

Edward Hale was the author of this printed letter describing the services provided by the [New England] Emigrant Aid Company and the conditions of settlement in Kansas Territory. Hale included information regarding cost of travel and settlement, conditions of land acquisition, job opportunities, and relations with local Indians. He also addressed the slavery question, and already mentioned occurrences of election fraud on the part of proslavery supporters, but concluded that, in his own opinion "there is no danger whatever for Kanzas".

Keywords: Business enterprises; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Libraries; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Slavery; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Travel; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.

Quilt, New England Emigrant Aid Company
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1855

Fragment of comforter made by women from the Boston-based New England Emigrant Aid Society. The comforter was sold at a charity raffle in Lawrence in 1855. Proceeds were given to free-state settlers. The fabric is believed to have been taken from Revolutionary War uniforms. Dr. Sylvester B. Prentiss purchased the comforter, which was later divided into sections and distributed among his family members.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Free state; Free state cause; House furnishings; Immigration and early settlement; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Objects; Prentiss, S.B.

Stock Certificate, New England Emigrant Aid Company
Author: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: January 15, 1856

Dated January 15, 1856, this certificate of stock--one share--in the New England Emigrant Aid Company was issued to "John Brown Lawrence K.T."

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Stock Certificate, New England Emigrant Aid Society
Author: New England Emigrant Aid Company; Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M.S.
Date: January 16, 1856

An example of a New England Emigrant Aid Company stock certificate. This certificate was issued to Charles J. Higginson of Boston, Massachusetts for thirteen shares in the company.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Higginson, Charles J.; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866; Williams, John M. S.

To the People of the United States
Author: Cabot, Samuel ; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Higginson, Charles J.; Russell, Le Baron ; Spooner, William B.; Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899; Waters, R. P.; Williams, John M.S.
Date: June 17, 1856

This printed circular was produced by the executive committee of the New England Emigrant Aid Company to respond to what it perceived as errors in the "Report made to the Senate of the United States by the Chairman of the Committee on Territories, March 12, 1856." The circular addressed issues such as it was not a "mammoth moneyed corporation" or that it was not connected to the state of Massachusetts. The document contained a long section on how its purpose was "to aid in the permanent settlement of the Territory of Kanzas by a free and intelligent population" and that it had not attempted to violate the Kansas Nebraska Act. The committee also argued that it had not invested its funds in weapons and that it had not encouraged violence against residents of Missouri. It concluded that many residents of Kansas Territory were supportive of the company and that many of its supporters in Massachusetts were prominent, well respected individuals.

Keywords: Cabot, Samuel; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Higginson, Charles J.; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Russell, Le Baron; Spooner, William B.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; United States. Senate; Waters, R. P.; Williams, John M. S.

Letter, L. B. Russell and C. J. Higginson to Charles H. Branscomb
Author: Higginson, Charles J.; Russell, Le Baron
Date: October 1, 1856

Le Baron Russell and Charles J. Higginson, members of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston to Charles H. Branscomb in Kansas. Russell and Higginson informed Branscomb, an agents for the company, that he would oversee the rebuilding of the Free State Hotel in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. The hotel had been destroyed during the May 21, 1856 sack of Lawrence.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Free State Hotel; Higginson, Charles J.; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Russell, Le Baron

Letter, L. B. Russell and C. J. Higginson to Messrs. [Samuel C.] Pomeroy and [Charles H.] Branscomb
Author: Higginson, Charles J.; Russell, Le Baron
Date: October 1, 1856

Le Baron Russell and Charles J. Higginson, members of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston to S. C. Pomeroy and Charles H. Branscomb in Kansas. Russell and Higginson informed the two company agents that they would be required to settle all company accounts, to compile a complete inventory of all company property in Kansas, and to provide a statement of the precise terms of all company contracts, particularly those related. They urged Pomeroy and Branscomb to devote all of their attention to company affairs and to make every effort to manage affairs more frugally.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Emigrant aid companies; Higginson, Charles J.; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Russell, Le Baron

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Dear Madam [Sara Robinson]
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: October 10, 1856

Thomas Webb, Secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston to Sara Robinson, summarizing the proceedings of the Company's Executive Committee meeting of October 3. Webb told Mrs. Robinson that they had received and honored Dr. Charles Robinson's request to resign from the Committee. He added that the members of the Executive Committee still wished to maintain communication with Dr. Robinson "regarding all matters that concern the cause of Kansas", and that Robinson would continue to be paid for the following six months.

Keywords: New England Emigrant Aid Company; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Robinson, Sara T. L. (Sara Tappan Lawrence), 1827-1911; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: November 20, 1856

The letter indicated that J. S. Emery was duly authorized by the New England Emigrant Aid Company as an agent to organize state, county, and town associations in New Hampshire to provide aid to Kansas. Webb suggested they follow the model established in Massachusetts. He also made it clear that the state association would be responsible for paying Mr. Emery for his efforts in organizing New Hampshire.

Keywords: Emery, James Stanley; Free state activities; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New Hampshire; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1856
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1856

Thomas Webb expanded the information in his previous version of this circular to produce a more current edition. Topics such as travel routes, preparation, and provisions are still discussed, while more information regarding town settlements, accommodations, and family life are new additions.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Brown, John Carter; Cities and towns; Crops; Farmers; Freight and freightage; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Settlement; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Timber; Town development; Transportation; Travel literature; Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Trial Balances, New England Emigrant Aid Company
Author: New England Emigrant Aid Company
Date: January 1, 1857 - January 1, 1861

These trial balances were prepared by the New England Emigrant Aid Company listing major company assets and liabilities. Most of the trial balances include the value of property owned in various towns in Kansas Territory. Trial balances are included for: January 1, 1857; May 25, 1857; December 1, 1857; May 25, 1858; January 1, 1859: July 1, 1859; January 1, 1859; January 1, 1860; June 1, 1860; and January 1, 1861.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Financial statements; New England Emigrant Aid Company

Letter, Anson J. Stone to Rev. T. W. Higginson
Author: Stone, Anson J.
Date: March 12, 1857

This letter written by Anson Stone, assistant treasurer of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, was sent to inform Thomas Higginson of the fares for traveling to Kansas. He included the prices of tickets for each leg of the journey between Boston and Kansas City, with a total price of $34.00. Stone wrote the letter from the company's office at 3 Winter Street, Boston, Massachusetts.

Keywords: Albany, New York; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911; Kansas City, Kansas Territory; Prices; St. Louis, Missouri; Stone, Anson J.; Transportation

Letter, Eli Thayer to Friend [John] Brown
Author: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: March 18, 1857

In this brief letter from Worcester, Mass., Eli Thayer wrote Brown with regard to his appearance at Concord and possibility of Brown coming to Worcester.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Massachusetts; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Worcester, Massachusetts

Letter, Eli Thayer to Friend [John] Brown
Author: Thayer, Eli , 1819-1899
Date: March 19, 1857

In this brief follow up to his March 18 letter, Eli Thayer wrote Brown to say that "next Monday" would be a good time for Brown's speech on "the free State Cause of Kansas which is the Cause of mankind" in Worcester.

Keywords: Brown, John, 1800-1859; Free state cause; Speeches, addresses, etc.; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Worcester, Massachusetts

Letter, Charles H. Branscomb to Rev. Edward E. Hale
Author: Branscomb, Charles H.
Date: April 25, 1857

Charles Branscomb wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Branscomb informed Hale that he had advanced money Francis Serenbetz and his party of thirty German emigrants to assist them in their effort to establish a colony on the Neosho River. Branscomb indicated that there had been considerable confusion about whether the New England Emigrant Aid Company had agreed to provide the Serenbetz party with funds, but he felt it best to provide the money.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Collective settlement; Germans; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Nute, Ephraim; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Religious communities; Serenbetz, Francis M.; Whitman, E. B.

Letter, A. A. Lawrence to My Dear Sir [Gov. Charles Robinson]
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: April 29, 1857

A. A. Lawrence wrote from Boston to Charles Robinson regarding various complaints and general "dissatisfaction" that he had heard of Robinson. Lawrence advised Robinson to avoid disagreement and controversy with the New England Emigrant Aid Company, as the company had great financial and moral power. However, he agreed with Robinson and Pomeroy's decisions regarding the promotion of education in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Lawrence also referred an upcoming election, where free state men would be forced to vote to avoid a split ticket.

Keywords: Education; Elections; Lawrence University; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Sampson, Rev. W.H.; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Treasurer's Annual Report of the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Author: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: May 25, 1857

Amos A. Lawrence, treasurer of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, prepared this balance sheet listing company assets and liabilities as of May 25, 1857.

Keywords: Account books; Eldridge House; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Finance; Financial statements; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; New England Emigrant Aid Company

Finance Committee's Schedule of Kanzas Property owned by the N. E. Em. Aid Co.
Author: New England Emigrant Aid Company Finance Committee
Date: May 26, 1857

A summary listing of the real property owned by the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas. The report lists the estimated value of each property, with the total value being $112, 400.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Burlington, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Financial statements; Hotels; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company Finance Committee; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Real estate; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town shares; Wabaunsee, Kansas Territory

Circular, Information for Kanzas Immigrants, 1857
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: 1857

Thomas Webb compiled this more comprehensive version of his earlier circulars by the same name. Containing much of the same information as the previous versions, such as details about the logistics of the trip to Kansas and subjects such as weather, farming, Indians, and employment, it features a large section that describes individual town settlements. This circular also addresses the proslavery and free state conflict, though in a nonpartisan manner, considering the interests of both groups.

Keywords: American Indians (see also Native Americans); Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886; Books; Brown, John Carter; Circulars; Crops; Diseases; Education; Food; Guns; Land acquisition; Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886; Libraries; Merchandise; Merchants; Native Americans; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Newspapers; Religion; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Town settlement; Transportation; Travel literature; Weapons (see also Guns); Weather; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Aid for Kansas
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1857

This article declares that the New England Kansas Aid Committee has received generous contributions for the free state settlers in Kansas. It also mentions that since the immediate needs of the settlers have been cared for, the most urgent need now is for investments in land and labor.

Keywords: Free state supporters; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Relief; Relief funds

Letter, M. [Martin] Brimmer to M. [Martin] F. Conway
Author: Brimmer, Martin
Date: February 6, 1858

Martin Brimmer, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway. Brimmer informed Conway that he had been appointed the company's general agent for Kansas Territory, replacing Charles Branscomb. Brimmer instructed Conway to recommend local agents for Topeka, Manhattan, and Osawatomie.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Brimmer, Martin; Conway, Martin Franklin; Emigrant aid companies; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891

Letter, Chas. H. Branscomb to Sir [Martin Brimmer]
Author: Branscomb, Charles H.
Date: April 12, 1858

Charles H. Branscomb, a former general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory, wrote from Lawrence to Martin Brimmer, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee. Branscomb defended his performance as general agent for the company and expressed his surprise at having been asked to resign his position.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Brimmer, Martin; Emigrant aid companies; New England Emigrant Aid Company

Letter, M. [Martin] Brimmer to M. [Martin] F. Conway
Author: Brimmer, Martin
Date: April 23, 1858

Martin Brimmer, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Brimmer described a financial dispute with the company's previous general agent, Charles Branscomb, and he requested that Conway investigate whether the company should file a lawsuit against Branscomb.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Brimmer, Martin; Conway, Martin Franklin; Emigrant aid companies; Lawsuits; New England Emigrant Aid Company

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. [Martin] F. Conway
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: April 30, 1858

Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb provided Conway with a detailed description of the property owned by the company in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Webb was quite critical of Charles Branscomb's, the company's previous general agent, administration of company property in the town.

Keywords: Branscomb, Charles H.; Brown, George W. (George Washington), 1820-1915; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Real estate; Town development; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: May 15, 1858

Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb expressed satisfaction that Conway appeared to be putting the company's affairs in Kansas Territory in order. But he described his "melancholy" over the poor management of the Company's business interests in the past.

Keywords: Conway, Martin Franklin; Emigrant aid companies; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Financial Statements, M. F. Conway to N. E. Emigrant Aid Company
Author: Conway, Martin Franklin
Date: August 1, 1858 - January 1, 1859

These monthly financial statements, submitted by Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory, detailed company income and expenditures for a six month period between July and December 1858. Conway provided particularly full accounts of his traveling expenses during frequent trips around the territory.

Keywords: Account books; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Finance; Financial statements; Food; Hotels; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stagecoaches; Transportation; Travel

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: August 28, 1858

Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb gave instructions to Conway on several New England Emigrant Aid Company business matters including the potential sale of the mill in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Webb comments on the decline in real estate values in Kansas Territory in the aftermath of the Panic of 1857.

Keywords: Batcheller, Kansas Territory; Conway, Martin Franklin; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Economic conditions; Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Real estate; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town lots; Wabaunsee County, Kansas Territory; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: February 19, 1859

Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb provided instructions to Conway on several New England Emigrant Aid Company business matters including the sale of property in Atchison, Kansas Territory. Webb state that it would be desirable to hold the Atchison property until real estate values increased, but he informed Conway that the Company needed cash immediately and that the properties should be sold as soon as possible.

Keywords: Atchison, Kansas Territory; Branscomb, Charles H.; Conway, Martin Franklin; Economic conditions; Emigrant aid companies; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891; Real estate; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Friend [Martin F.] Conway
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: March 23, 1859

Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb informed Conway of the Company's desire to end its operations in Kansas as soon as possible. He recommended that Conway sell the Company's mill equipment at a low price and suggested that he sell it to the Batchelder Town Company. In a postscript, Webb urged Conway to prepare information to present to the territorial legislature related to Company claims for losses during the early territorial troubles, particularly for losses incurred during the May 1856 sack of Lawrence.

Keywords: Batcheller, Kansas Territory; Conway, Martin Franklin; Damage claims; Emigrant aid companies; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: April 30, 1859

Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb informed Conway that the Company's Executive Committee had approved a proposal to sell mill equipment to the Batcheller Town Company.

Keywords: Batcheller Town Association; Batcheller, Kansas Territory; Conway, Martin Franklin; Davis County, Kansas Territory; Geary County, Kansas; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Town companies; Town development; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: August 17, 1859

Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. Webb expressed disappointment about the manner in which a territorial claims committee viewed New England Emigrant Aid Company claims for damages. He also stated his concern about seeing the Company listed as a delinquent taxpayer in the Lawrence Republican newspaper.

Keywords: Claims (see Damage claims or Land claims); Conway, Martin Franklin; Damage claims; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Property tax; Taxation; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, Thomas H. Webb to M. F. Conway
Author: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date: August 20, 1859

Thomas H. Webb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote from Boston, Massachusetts to Martin F. Conway, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory. He expressed his concern about a rumor that the Company's mill in Manhattan had been sold because of delinquent taxes. Webb asked Conway to investigate the matter.

Keywords: Conway, Martin Franklin; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Mills and mill-work; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Property tax; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Tax-sales; Taxation; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Letter, R. A. Randlett to Ely Thayer
Author: Randlett, Reuben A.
Date: February 25, 1860

With regard to clothing sent from New England to "the poor of Kansas in 1856," R. A. Randlett of Topeka sought to find out if Thayer's Emigrant Aid Company was involved and if officials had intended that the clothing be sold or given away. The clothing was sold during the summer of 1857 "on a years time," according to Randlett, and now some men were trying to collect for it.

Keywords: Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; New Hampshire; Randlett, Reuben A.; Relief fraud; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Recollections of 1854
Author: Savage, Joseph
Date: June 23, 1870 - September 29, 1870

Originally published as an almost weekly column in the Western Home Journal, Lawrence, Kansas, beginning June 23, 1870, "Recollections of 1854" were written by Joseph Savage. Savage was born in Hartford, Vermont, on July 28, 1823, and came to Kansas Territory with the New England Emigrant Aid Company's second party. The "Recollections" provide a detailed and personal account of Savage's journey from Boston to Kansas Territory, and the first few months of settlement in Lawrence. The original Savage narrative, which appeared in twelve installments (June 23, 30, July 7, 14, 21, 28, August 4, 11, 18, September 8, 22, 29, 1870), has been faithfully transcribe in its entirety by Shelley Hickman Clark, University of Kansas Law School. The text version provides the content of these newspaper columns but images of the original newspaper columns are not available. See also 'Lawrence in 1854: Recollections of Joseph Savage," Kansas History 27 (Spring-Summer 2004), http://www.kshs.org/publicat/history/2004spring_clark.pdf.

Keywords: Daily life; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Savage, Joseph; Travel

Photograph, Thomas H. Webb
Author: J. W. Black & Co.
Date:

Thomas H. Webb, Boston, Massachusetts, was secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. His name appears in publications of the Company and he is a frequent correspondent with people in Kansas Territory connected to the company.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Cabinet photographs; Emigrant aid companies; Free state cause; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

Photograph, Edward Everett Hale
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1859

Portrait of Edward Everett Hale, author and member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. He authored the first book on Kansas, " Kanzas and Nebraska: The History, Geographical and Physical Characteristics, and Political Position of those Territories; an Account of the Emigrant Aid Companies and Directions to Emigrants".

Keywords: Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Photographs and Illustrations

Circular by various Protestant ministers on behalf of the activities of the New England Emigrant Aid Company
Author: Gaffield, Thomas J.; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Stowe, Calvin E.
Date:

This printed circular indicated that nineteen Protestant ministers in the Boston area were urging emigration to Kansas under the auspices of the New England Emigrant Aid Company because the ministers listed believed "that no christian work demanded effort more than the work for peopling Kanzas with men and women who were resolved to make it free." The ministers proposed to raise $60,000 to aid emigration efforts. The document listed four areas of interest to the emigrant aid company--freedom, religion, education, and temperance. All nineteen ministers were listed in the document that was signed by Calvin E. Stowe, Andover; Edward E. Hale, Worcester; and Thomas J. Gaffield, Boston.

Keywords: Beecher, Lyman, 1775-1863; Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigration and immigration; Gaffield, Thomas J.; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Lowell, Charles; Massachusetts; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stowe, Calvin E.; Worcester, Massachusetts

Expense Account, N.E. Emigrant Aid Co. To C. H. Branscomb
Author: No authors specified.
Date:

An expense report prepared by Charles H. Branscomb, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory, detailing his expenses for a 22 month period during 1855 and 1856.

Keywords: No keywords specified.

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Advertisement, Kansas Land Trust Co.
Authors: Kansas Land Trust Company
Date:  Undated
This advertisement, presumably created by the Kansas Land Trust Company, lists thirty main points about Kansas Territory, including the advantages of settling in Kansas and general statistics about the territory. It also mentions the town of Quindaro and its growing influence in the area along the Kansas River. For those interested in obtaining tickets, the advertisement furnished the address of the New England Emigrant Aid Society. The bottom of the flyer provided the names of the officers that were involved in the company and their contact information.

Keywords: Advertisements; Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Kansas Land Trust Company; Land; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Quindaro, Kansas Territory; Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894; Settlement; Simpson, Samuel Newell; Skilled workers; Walker, Joel


Letter, Alden G. Tucker to Mr. [Edward Everett] Hale
Authors: Tucker, Alden G.
Date:  January 20, 1854
Tucker, a twenty-three year old printer writing from Taunton, Massachusetts, to Edward Everett Hale, volunteered to go to Kansas as part of the "Emigration Association" about which he had heard rumors. Hale later became a leader of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company that was chartered in April 1854.

Keywords: Antislavery; Emigrant aid companies; Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Tucker, Alden G.


An act to incorporate the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts House of Representatives
Date:  April 13, 1854
This document was written by the Massachusetts House of Representatives, declaring that the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was an official company in the state of Massachusetts. It also described the purpose of the company and listed the men involved in running the company. This company was the predecessor to the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which was founded in March 1855.

Keywords: Boston, Massachusetts; Emigrant aid companies; Emigrant aid companies - Free state; Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Stock certificates; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875


An Act to Incorporate the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Authors: Massachusetts. General Court
Date:  April 26, 1854
The act of the Massachusetts legislature authorizing the creation of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company, the predecessor to the New England Emigrant Aid Company.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; Massachusetts. General Court; New England Emigrant Aid Company


Letter, Thomas H. Webb to Eli Thayer
Authors: Webb, Thomas H. (Hopkins), 1801-1866
Date:  May 26, 1854
Webb, writing from Boston, Massachusetts, was the secretary of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. He informed Eli Thayer, the organizer of the company, of his concerns about fund raising efforts among the Massachusetts business elite.

Keywords: Emigrant aid companies; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company; New England Emigrant Aid Company; Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899; Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866


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