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Immigration and Early Settlement

Immigration and Early Settlement > Specific Settlements > Topeka
26 Topic Specific Items
Account Book for the Topeka Association
Author: Crane, Franklin L.
Date: April 23, 1855 - December 1, 1857

Franklin L. Crane was elected chairman of the board of trustees of the Topeka Association in 1856. These pages contain the association's financial accounts as well as an ongoing narrative about town association business. It describes sales and trades of lots, efforts to start businesses and cultural institutions, and the names of people involved in Topeka's early history. Interspersed throughout these accounts of association business are brief mentions of Franklin Crane's personal affairs. Select pages have been chosen from this volume.

Keywords: Account books; Burgess, H. B.; Business; Business enterprises; Businessmen; Dickey, Milton C.; Election, Territorial Legislature, March 1855; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Land speculation; Oakley, Walter; Railroads design and construction; Schools; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; St. Joseph, Missouri; Surveyors; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town associations; Town development; Town lots; Willits, Jacob; Zimmerman, Israel

Map, Topeka Town Lots
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1855

This map includes the lot numbers as laid out in the original plan for the city of Topeka. It was probably created by Franklin Crane on behalf of the Topeka Association.

Keywords: Maps; Topeka Association; Topeka, Kansas; Town development; Town lots

Photograph, Constitution Hall, Topeka, Kansas Territory
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1856

An exterior view of Constitution Hall, Topeka, Kansas Territory. The Constitutional Convention met here in 1855 and the Topeka Legislature was dispersed from the building by Col. Edwin Vose Sumner in 1856.

Keywords: Illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Photograph, Topeka, Kansas Territory, 1856
Author: No authors specified.
Date: 1856

An illustration showing Topeka, Kansas Territory, 1856. Constitution Hall is visible on the left side of the illustration.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Constitutions; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Map, Topeka Town Lots
Author: Topeka Association
Date: c. January 1856

This hand drawn map of Topeka, Kansas was probably created by Franklin L. Crane on behalf of the Topeka Association. The accounts of the Topeka Association included elsewhere described how Crane numbered the lots to keep track of who owned which lots so the association could to sell unclaimed lots.

Keywords: Maps; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; Topeka Association; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town lots; Town settlement

Land Deeds Recorded in Topeka, Kansas
Author: Crane, Franklin L.
Date: July 1, 1856 - May 3, 1860

This document lists the land deeds recorded in Topeka, presumably by Dr. Franklin Crane, a member of the Topeka Association. Each dated entry includes the name of the owner, the section or share number, the street address, and the price.

Keywords: Burgess, H. B.; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Farnsworth, Loring; Holliday, Mary; Topeka Association; Topeka, Kansas; Town associations; Town lots

Promissory Note, Wm. Clark and E. Updegraff
Author: Clark, William ; Updegraff, E.
Date: December 18, 1856

Under the terms of the promissory note, William Clark and E. Updegraff agreed to pay a $10.50 fine to Shawnee County imposed on them for card playing.

Keywords: Cards, playing; Clark, William; Courts; Crime; Entertainment; Ethics; Legal documents; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Updegraff, E.

Letter, C. K. Holliday to Dear Dr.
Author: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: December 28, 1856

Writing from Meadville, Pennsylvania, Cyrus Holliday wrote to Franklin Crane concerning the need to make a lithograph of Topeka that could help attract emigrants during the upcoming season. He also felt that Crane was an important asset for the Topeka Association. The rest of the letter dealt with other association business.

Keywords: Bridges; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Emigration and immigration; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Meadville, Pennsylvania; Migration, internal; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town promotion

Photograph, Pile Bridge, Topeka, Kansas Territory
Author: Worrall, Henry
Date: c. 1858

A copy of a painting showing a pile bridge in Topeka, Kansas Territory, 1857-60. Henry Worrall was the artist.

Keywords: Bridges; Bridges, pile; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Worrall, Henry

Plan of the Topeka Bridge
Author: No authors specified.
Date: c. 1858

This bridge, the first bridge over the Kansas River from Topeka, was built in 1857 through the efforts of the Topeka Association. It was destroyed by wind in 1858 and took several months to rebuild. The diagram is undated.

Keywords: Bridges; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Transportation

Quit Claim Document donating land to the Topeka Mill Company
Author: Topeka Association
Date: March 20, 1858

The trustees of the Topeka Association agreed to donate to the Topeka Mill Company the entire block on which the mill was located (north of First Avenue between Kansas and Jackson).

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cleveland, L. G.; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Dickey, Milton C.; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Thornton, Thomas G.; Topeka Association; Topeka Mill Company; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town associations

Stock Certificate, Topeka Bridge Company
Author: Topeka Bridge Company
Date: May 22, 1858

This stock certificate (No. 39) certified that Milton C. Dickey owned one share of the Topeka Bridge Company. It was signed by Franklin Crane, president of the company.

Keywords: Bridges; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Dickey, Milton C.; Stock certificates; Topeka Bridge Company; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas

Stockholders in the Topeka Bridge Company
Author: Topeka Bridge Company
Date: July 21, 1858

This document lists the various individuals who provided support to rebuild the Topeka Bridge, which was destroyed by wind in 1858, shortly after being completed.

Keywords: Bridges; Crane, Franklin Loomis; Dickey, Milton C.; Farnsworth, Loring; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Bridge Company; Topeka bridge; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Transportation

Photograph, Topeka, Kansas Territory, 1858
Author: Unknown
Date: 1858

A panoramic view of Topeka, Kansas Territory, December 25, 1858, copied from Leslie's Weekly, December 25, 1858.

Keywords: Cities and towns; Cityscapes; Periodical illustrations; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Photograph, East side of Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Author: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860

A view of the east side of Kansas Avenue from slightly north of Sixth Street, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Butcher shops; Capitol Meat Market; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Covered wagons; Feed stores; J. F. Osenburg Saddle and Harness Manufacturer; Photographs and Illustrations; Provision Feed Seed Store; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Meat Market; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Photograph, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Author: J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, KS
Date: c. 1860

A view of Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas. Many of the buildings were built during Kansas' time as a territory. The photograph was taken by J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Topeka, Kansas.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Knight, J. Lee; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; The New River Side Gallery; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas

Photograph, Fourth Street and Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Author: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860

A view showing the corner of Fourth Street and Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. The buildings were located north of the Gordon House. Many of them were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Bliss, W. P.; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Merchants Union Express Company; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Photograph, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Author: J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, KS
Date: c. 1860

A view of Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by J. Lee Knight, The New River Side Gallery, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas.

Keywords: Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Knight, J. Lee; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; The New River Side Gallery; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Photograph, Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas
Author: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860

A view looking south from Sixth Street on Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kansas, early 1860s. The Topeka Drug Store was located at 607 Kansas Avenue. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Banks and banking; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Drugstores; F. W. Giles & Co.; Groceries; Grocery trade; Horses; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Drug Store; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Wagons

Photograph, Methodist Church, Topeka, Kansas
Author: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860

The Methodist Church, 523 Quincy Street, Topeka, Kansas. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Bliss, W. P.; Cartes de visite; Churches; Methodist Church; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Photograph, First Congregational Church, Topeka, Kansas
Author: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1860

The First Congregational Church, Topeka, Kansas, as it appeared in the 1860s. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Bliss, W. P.; Cartes de visite; Churches; Congregational churches; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Photograph, Gale block, Topeka, Kansas
Author: W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car
Date: c. 1864

A view of Gale block on the east side of Kansas Avenue, between 6th and 7th Streets, Topeka, Kansas, 1863-1865. The Gale block was used by the Kansas Legislature in the 1860s. Many of the buildings shown in the photograph were built during the Kansas territorial period. The photograph was taken by W. P. Bliss, Photographic Car.

Keywords: Bliss, W. P.; Business enterprises; Cartes de visite; Cities and towns; Commerce; Gale block, Topeka, Kansas; Mills and mill-work; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Streets; Topeka buildings; Topeka, Kansas

Photograph, Fry W. Giles
Author: No authors specified.
Date:

Fry W. Giles was a free state supporter who settled in Topeka. He was one of the promoters of the Topeka Movement.

Keywords: Cabinet photographs; Free state movement (see also Topeka Movement); Giles, Frye W.; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Topeka, Kansas

Photograph, Edmund Gibson Ross
Author: Cobb
Date:

Edmund Gibson Ross was active in Kansas territorial politics and served as a delegate to the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention. He and his brother William W. were editors of the Kansas Tribune in Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas Territory. He later served as the U. S. Senator from Kansas from 1866 to 1871,

Keywords: Card photographs; Journalism; Journalists; Newspaper publishing; Photographs and Illustrations; Ross, Edmund G. (Edmund Gibson), 1826-1907; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Wyandotte Constitution

Photograph, J. Lee Knight
Author: No authors specified.
Date:

J. Lee Knight was a photographer. He owned the New River Side Galley in Topeka, Kansas Territory and took some of the photographs of Topeka included in this project.

Keywords: Knight, J. Lee; Photographers; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory

Photograph, Henry Worrall
Author: No authors specified.
Date:

Henry Worrall was an early Kansas artist who lived in Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas Territory.

Keywords: Artist; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Worrall, Henry

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141 results for Topeka, Kansas Territory:
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Letter, Tom [Tho. Ewing, Jr.] to Dear Father [Hon. T. Ewing]
Authors: Ewing, Jr., Thomas , 1829-1896
Date:  
Ewing, Jr., wrote from Leavenworth to inform his father about 915 acres of land, "near the Kaw river . . . three & a half miles north east of Topeka," that had just been purchased for him. "The land is beautiful & fertile--and is adjacent to fine bodies of timber in the Kansas Valley. The proximity of the land to Topeka (which will be the Capital, of the state) and to the rail road, which will undoubtedly be built in a few years is to be considered in estimating the value of the land." He also mentioned its proximity to the "great military road to Fort Riley."

Keywords: Denman, Hamp B.; Ewing, Thomas, 1789-1871; Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896; Fort Riley, Kansas Territory; Kansas River, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory; Leavenworth, Kansas Territory; Military roads; Ozawkie, Kansas Territory; Railroads; Tecumseh, Kansas Territory; Timber claim; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Town site speculation


Concurrent Resolutions, Topeka Legislature, House and Senate [1858]
Authors: Free State Legislature
Date:  no date
These handwritten copies of two, slightly different, concurrent resolutions were passed by the House and the Senate of the Topeka Free-State Legislature, probably in 1858. They established the legitimacy of the state government under the Topeka Constitution, and "respectfully urge[d] the Territorial Legislature, now in session, at Lawrence, to take immediate steps for removing the present forms of a territorial government, so that the legitimate government of the people may become the only government in Kansas."

Keywords: Free state government; Free state legislature; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Constitution; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Topeka, Kansas Territory


Surveying Equipment
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  1845-1855
Albert D. Searl used this equipment to survey Kansas Territory town sites in 1854. Lawrence was surveyed on Sept. 25th and Topeka on Dec. 20th. Searl's efforts to set town limits for free-staters in Lawrence were met with violence from pro-slavery forces nearby. Searl would later survey Manhattan, Osawatomie, Burlington, & El Dorado.

Keywords: Border ruffians; Burlington, Kansas Territory; Coffey County, Kansas Territory; Douglas County, Kansas Territory; Free state; Free state cause; Lawrence, Kansas Territory; Manhattan, Kansas Territory; Miami County, Kansas (see also Lykins County, Kansas Territory); Objects; Osawatomie, Kansas Territory; Riley County, Kansas Territory; Searl, Albert D.; Skirmishing; Surveyors; Topeka, Kansas; Topeka, Kansas Territory; Violence


Photograph, Cyrus Kurtz Holliday
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  Between 1846 and 1851
Portrait of Cyrus Kurtz Holliday, Topeka, Kansas Territory. He came to Kansas Territory from Meadville, Pennsylvania. Cyrus Kurtz Holliday was the first president of the Topeka Town Association and was involved in founding and settling Topeka. He was an agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company. Holliday was very active in territorial political activities including the Topeka movement, and he was a delegate to the Topeka Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Daguerreotypes; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Topeka, Kansas Territory


Photograph, Cyrus Kurtz Holliday and Mary Holliday
Authors: No authors specified.
Date:  Between 1854 and 1857
Portrait of Cyrus Kurtz Holliday and Mary Holliday, Topeka, Kansas Territory. He came to Kansas Territory from Meadville, Pennsylvania. Cyrus Kurtz Holliday was the first president of the Topeka Town Association and was involved in founding and settling Topeka. He was an agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company. Holliday was very active in territorial political activities including the Topeka movement, and he was a delegate to the Topeka Constitutional Convention.

Keywords: Daguerreotypes; Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900; Holliday, Mary; Photographs and Illustrations; Shawnee County, Kansas Territory; Topeka Association; Topeka Constitutional Convention, October 1855; Topeka Movement (see also Free state movement); Topeka, Kansas Territory


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peka,%20Kansas%20Territory.